Profession: Scottish nobleman
Why Famous: Scottish knight who became one of the leaders of Scots forces against the English in the First War of Scottish Independence.
Appointed Guardian of Scotland after his victory over an English army at the Battle of Stirling Bridge, he served until his defeat at the Battle of Falkirk in July 1298.
Since his death Wallace has become an iconic figure in Scotland and abroad. He was famously portrayed by Mel Gibson in the Academy Award-winning film Braveheart.
- 1297-09-11 Battle at Stirling Bridge, Scottish rebel William Wallace defeats the English
- 1305-08-05 William Wallace, who led Scottish resistance to England, is captured by the English near Glasgow and transported to London for trial and execution.
- 1305-08-23 William Wallace, Scottish patriot, is executed for high treason by Edward I of England.