In 1963 Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary closed after serving 29 years as America's toughest prison. It was designed as a maximum security prison for the most violent prisoners and those most likely to attempt escape. Some of its famous inmates included Al Capone, George "Machine-Gun" Kelly, Alvin Karpis (the first "Public Enemy #1"), and Robert Stroud, the "Birdman of Alcatraz".
Thee were 14 attempts to escape Alcatraz and officially no-one ever made it out. However 5 individuals are still listed as "missing and presumed drowned". The prison eventually closed after it became too costly to run and was then incorporated into a new National Park. It opened as a tourist attraction in 1973.
- 1963-03-21 Alcatraz prison in San Francisco Bay is closed
- 1972-10-26 Guided tours of the former prison at Alcatraz by the National Park Service begin