Issued by President Abraham Lincoln during the third year of the US civil war, the Emancipation Proclamation changed the moral tone of the war. It meant that "that all persons held as slaves" within rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free."
It also announced the inclusion of black men into the Union army and navy and almost 200,000 joined by the end of the war. The document had its limitations; slavery was not outlawed in border states or confederacy states already under Union control. Five pages long, it is kept today in the National Archives in Washington DC.
Location signed: The White House, Washington D.C., USA
Source: National Archives
- 1863-01-01 Emancipation Proclamation issued by Abraham Lincoln to free slaves in US confederate states