Eruption of Mount Tambora

The massive Tambora volcano eruption
The massive Tambora volcano eruption

Location: Mount Tambora, Sumbawa, Indonesia

Source: Netral English

Historical Context

The eruption of Mount Tambora was the largest eruption ever witnessed. Its Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) was 7, the only known eruption on that scale since the eruption of Lake Taupo in about 180 AD. The eruption blew 150 cubic km into the atmosphere, killing 10,000 people initially. The eruptions' column was so high it reached the stratosphere at an altitude of more than 43 kilometres.

The effects were felt worldwide, 1816 was "the year without a summer". Crops failed across Asia and up to 90,000 people probably died of famine. It was the second-coldest year in the Northern Hemisphere since 1400 and parts of North America experienced frost and snow in June and July.

Historical Events

  • 1815-04-10 Mount Tambora in Dutch East Indies experiences cataclysmic eruption, one of the most powerful in history, killing around 71,000 people, causes global volcanic winter

Historical Photos