Florence Cathedral

Historical Context

This view of Florence's main piazza in the midst of a procession from the sixteenth century carefully depicts the city's most important monuments and some of the most important early Renaissance works. The enormous cathedral, began in 1296 takes center stage, with its famous revolutionary brick dome by Filippo Brunelleschi which finally completed the building in 1436.

To the right is the baptistery constructed 1059-1128 and the home of the bronze cast "Gates of Paradise" by Andrea Pisano and Lorenzo Ghiberti. The campanile (bell tower) rising slightly behind the cathedral in the Gothic style was designed by another famous Florentine, the architect and painter Giotto. Began in 1334, it wasd completed after Giotto's death in 1359.

Photo Info


Photographer: Giuseppe Zocchi
Location taken: London, United Kingdom

Source: British Museum

Related Events

  • 1334-07-18 The bishop of Florence blesses the first foundation stone for the new campanile (bell tower) of the Florence Cathedral, designed by the artist Giotto di Bondone
  • 1382-03-15 Conservative "Popolo Grasso" regain power in Florence, Italy
  • 1420-08-07 Construction begins for the dome of Florence's cathedral, designed by architect Filippo Brunellschi
  • 1466-08-26 A conspiracy against Piero di Cosimo de Medici in Florence, led by Luca Pitti, is discovered
  • 1478-04-26 Pazzi conspirators attack Lorenzo de'Medici and kill Giuliano de'Medici in Florence
  • 1494-11-08 Uprising against Piero de' Medici in Florence
  • 1494-11-09 Piero the Unfortunate of the de' Medici family, ruler of Florence, loses his power and flees the state
  • 1494-11-18 French King Charles VIII occupies Florence
  • 1512-11-07 Medici's discharge Niccolo Machiavelli from Florence
  • 1527-05-16 Florence becomes a republic
  • 1530-08-12 Florence surrenders for emperor Karel I
  • 1911-06-17 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia CC: Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman beats Florence Sutton 8-10, 6-1, 9-7 for her third straight US singles title
  • 1921-02-27 The Fascists incite a riot in Florence, Italy
  • 1940-10-28 Meeting between Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini in Florence
  • 1944-08-04 British 8th Army reaches suburbs of Florence, Italy
  • 1944-08-13 British 8th Army occupies Florence
  • 1966-11-04 Flooding of Arno River (Florence, Italy) destroys countless art works, kills 113
  • 2018-09-04 Italian city Florence bans people eating in the street in its historic center

Historical Photos