Buried in 79 AD by the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius, the ruins of the Roman town were rediscovered then excavated in the mid 18th century during the earliest days of archaeology.
The town is especially famous for the picture it provides of everyday Roman life. Its luxurious courtyard villas survived with their fresco paintings and mosaic floors. Excavations continue today and a third of the town still remains uncovered.
Location: Pompeii, Naples, Italy
- 1748-04-01 Ruins of Pompeii rediscovered by Spaniard Rocque Joaquin de Alcubierre