Toward the end of World War II, SS officer Adolf Eichmann said "I will leap into my grave laughing because the feeling that I have five million human beings on my conscience is for me a source of extraordinary satisfaction".
Eichmann was one of the primary organizers of the Holocaust. Tasked by Reinhard Heydrich with managing the logistics of the Final Solution, Eichmann was a participant in the infamous Wannsee Conference where the decision exterminate the Jews was made; Eichmann and his staff were responsible for organizing the deportations to death camps.
After Germany's defeat Eichmann fled to Argentina. One of the most wanted Nazis, the Israeli intelligence agency Mossad located him in 1960. After extensive surveillance, on 11 May 1960 a team of Mossad agents launched a successful and audacious operation to abduct him and fly him to Israel to stand trial.
During his trial, reporter Hannah Arendt coined the phrase "the banality of evil" to describe Eichmann, who appeared stiff and lackluster in comparison to the enormity of his crimes. Sentenced to death, Eichmann was executed by hanging on 1 June 1962.
Source: The Times of Israel
- 1942-03-26 First "Eichmann transport" to Auschwitz & Birkenau concentration camps
- 1942-06-20 Adolf Eichmann proclaims deportation of Dutch Jews
- 1960-05-11 Israeli soldiers capture Adolf Eichmann in Buenos Aires
- 1960-05-23 Israel announces capture of Nazi Adolf Eichmann in Argentina
- 1960-06-08 Argentine government demands release of Adolf Eichmann
- 1960-06-15 Argentina complains to UN about Israeli illicit transfer of Eichmann
- 1961-04-11 Trial of Adolf Eichmann for war crimes in World War II begins in Jerusalem, Israel
- 1961-12-12 Adolf Eichmann is found guilty of war crimes in Israel
- 1961-12-13 Gideon Hausner in Jerusalem demands death penalty for Adolf Eichmann
- 1961-12-15 Adolf Eichmann is sentenced to death for war crimes in Israel
- 1962-06-01 SS officer Adolf Eichmann is executed in Israel after being found guilty of war crimes
- 1963-02-16 Philosopher Hannah Arendt's controversial account of the trial of Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann is first published in "The New Yorker"
Nazi SS Officer and War Criminal