On This Day

The 1856 Treaty of Paris

The Congress of Paris between the Russian Empire, France, United Kingdom, Ottoman Empire and Kingdom of Sardinia
The Congress of Paris between the Russian Empire, France, United Kingdom, Ottoman Empire and Kingdom of Sardinia

Historical Context

The Crimean War began in 1853 with Russia encroaching on territories under Ottoman control which formed an alliance with Great Britain, France and the Kingdom of Sardinia.

The 1856 Treaty of Paris ended the Crimean War, made the Black Sea neutral territory and redistributed territory between the Russia and Ottoman Empires.

The terms of the treaty forbade any military build-up in the Black Sea and created an international commission to guarantee freedom of commerce and navigation on the Danube River.

Russia lost its territories along the Danube Delta and in Southern Bessarabia and received back areas taken by the alliance including Sevastopol and Balaklava.

Painting Info

Date taken: March 30, 1856
Location painted: Paris, France

Related Events

  • 1856-03-30 The Russian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, Great Britain, France and the Kingdom of Sardinia sign the Treaty of Paris ending the Crimean War


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