League of Nations in History

International Organisations: ASEAN - Commonwealth - European Union - IMF - NATO - OPEC - United Nations - Warsaw Pact - World Bank

Historical Events

Historic Event

1915-06-17 The League to Enforce Peace is organised at Independence Hall in Philadelphia with William Howard Taft as president; its program anticipates the League of Nations

Historic Event

1916-05-27 President Woodrow Wilson addresses the League to Enforce Peace, founded in 1915, and gives public support to the idea of a league of nations

  • 1919-01-25 Founding of League of Nations, 1st meeting 1 year later
  • 1919-03-25 Woodrow Wilson's dream of a League of Nations becomes a reality after the League Covenant is adopted at the Paris Peace Conference

Signing of the Treaty of Versailles

1919-06-28 Treaty of Versailles, ending WWI and establishing the League of Nations, is signed in France

  • 1919-09-03 President Woodrow Wilson set out on a tour of the USA to rouse public opinion behind the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations
  • 1919-09-10 China becomes a member of the League of Nations
  • 1919-11-19 US Senate rejects the Treaty of Versailles by a vote of 55 to 39; Congress two years later approves resolution ending hostilities with Germany and Austria-Hungary
  • 1920-01-10 Inauguration of the League of Nations held in Paris
  • 1920-01-16 1st assembly of the League of Nations is held in Paris
  • 1920-02-06 Saarland administrated by League of Nations
  • 1920-02-13 League of Nations recognizes perpetual neutrality of Switzerland, allowing Switzerland to rejoin the League
  • 1920-02-19 Netherlands joins League of Nations
  • 1920-03-08 Denmark & Cuba join the League of Nations
  • 1920-03-19 US Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to ratify League of Nations' covenant (maintaining isolation policy)
  • 1920-06-25 League of Nations places Internationall Court of Justice in Hague
  • 1920-10-27 League of Nations moves headquarters in Geneva
  • 1920-11-15 Free City of Danzig forms under League of Nations protection
  • 1920-11-15 League of Nations holds first meeting in Geneva
  • 1920-12-13 League of Nations establishes the International Court of Justice in The Hague
  • 1920-12-17 British Empire receives League of Nations mandate over Nauru
  • 1920-12-17 Japan receives League of Nations mandate over Pacific islands
  • 1920-12-17 South Africa receives League of Nations mandate over SW Africa
  • 1921-09-22 The League of Nations accepts membership of independent Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania
  • 1921-10-04 League of Nations refuses to assist starving Russians
  • 1922-07-20 French and British Togoland make separate mandates within the League of Nations
  • 1922-09-18 Hungary admitted to League of Nations
  • 1923-08-31 League of Nations gives Belgium mandate of Ruanda-Urundi (was German)
  • 1923-09-10 Irish Free State joins League of Nations
  • 1923-09-28 Abyssinia (Ethiopia) leaves League of Nations
  • 1924-09-29 Santo Domingo joins League of Nations
  • 1924-10-02 League of Nations approves protocols of Geneva
  • 1925-05-04 League of Nations conference on arms control & poison gas usage
  • 1925-10-05 The Lacarno Conference meets: Germany agrees to recognise their frontiers with France and Belgium and will apply for membership in the League of Nations
  • 1926-02-08 German Reichstag decides to apply for League of Nations membership
  • 1926-03-17 Spain & Brazil prevent Germany joining League of Nations
  • 1926-06-12 Brazil leaves League of Nations
  • 1926-09-08 League of Nations Assembly votex unanimously to admit Germany
  • 1926-09-10 Germany joins League of Nations
  • 1927-03-17 US government doesn't sign League of Nations disarmament treaty
  • 1932-10-03 Iraq gains full independence from Britain, joins League of Nations
  • 1933-02-24 League of Nations tells Japanese to pull out of Manchuria
  • 1933-03-27 Japan leaves League of Nations
  • 1933-10-14 Nazi Germany announces its withdrawal from the League of Nations
  • 1934-09-17 USSR joins League of Nations (Netherland, Switzerland & Portugal vote no)
  • 1934-09-18 USSR admitted to League of Nations
  • 1935-10-10 League of Nations denounces Italian invasion of Abyssinia

Historic Event

1936-06-30 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie asks the League of Nations for sanctions against Italy

  • 1936-07-04 League of Nations ends sanctions against Italy after Italian takeover of Abyssinia
  • 1937-02-21 The League of Nations bans foreign national "volunteers" in the Spanish Civil War
  • 1937-12-11 Italy withdraws from League of Nations
  • 1938-09-27 League of Nations declares Japan the aggressor against China
  • 1939-04-11 Hungary leaves League of Nations
  • 1939-12-14 Soviet Union attacks Finland-League of Nations drops Soviet Union
  • 1946-04-08 League of Nations assembles for the last time
  • 1946-04-18 League of Nations dissolves (3 months after UN starts)

Famous Birthdays

  • 1864-09-14 Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, British lawyer and politician who helps form League of Nations (Nobel 1937), born in Cavendish Square, London (d. 1958)
  • 1869-01-19 Alfred R Zimmerman, mayor (Rotterdam 1906-22)/Dir (League of Nations)
  • 1870-05-24 Jan Christiaan Smuts, Prime Minister of South Africa and proponent of Commonwealth & League of Nations, born in Bovenplaats, Cape Colony (d. 1950)
  • 1876-08-17 Eric Drummond, British politician and diplomat, 1st Secretary-General of League of Nations (1919-33), born in Fulford, England (d. 1951)

Aga Khan IIIAga Khan III (1877-1957)

1877-11-02 Shia Imam who was one of the founders of the All-India Muslim League and later President of the League of Nations (1937-38), born in Karachi, British India

  • 1882-03-04 Nicolae Titulescu, Romanian diplomat, government minister, and former President of the League of Nations (d. 1941)
  • 1889-02-23 Frederik M baron of Asbeck, Dutch lawyer (League of Nations)
  • 1895-06-04 Dino Conte Grandi, Italian Fascist politician and delegate to league of nations (1925-32), born in Mordano, Italy (d. 1988)

Famous Deaths

  • 1951-12-15 Eric Drummond, British 1st Secretary-General of the League of Nations (1919-33), dies at 75
  • 1953-02-04 Alexander Loudon, Dutch diplomat (League of Nations), dies at 60
  • 1958-11-24 Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, British lawyer and politician who helps form League of Nations (Nobel 1937), dies at 94
  • 1968-02-09 Frederik M baron van Asbeck, lawyer (League of Nations), dies at 78
  • 1988-05-21 Dino Conte Grandi, Italian Fascist politician and delegate to league of nations (1925-32), dies at 92