NATO in History

International Organisations: ASEAN - Commonwealth - European Union - IMF - League of Nations - OPEC - United Nations - Warsaw Pact - World Bank

Related Topics: Kosovo War

Historical Events

  • 1949-03-30 Riot breaks out in Austurvöllur square in Reykjavík, when Iceland joins NATO
  • 1949-04-04 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) treaty signed in Washington, D.C.
  • 1949-07-21 US Senate ratifies North Atlantic Treaty by a vote of 82-13 (NATO)
  • 1949-08-24 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) goes into effect

Historic Event

1949-10-06 US President Harry Truman signs Mutual Defense Assistance Act (for NATO)

Historic Event

1950-11-19 US General Eisenhower becomes supreme commander of NATO-Europe

Historic Event

1961-07-25 In a speech, US President John F. Kennedy emphasizes that any attack on Berlin is an attack on NATO

  • 1962-10-08 Spiegel scandal: Der Spiegel publishes article "Bedingt abwehrbereit" ("Conditionally prepared for defense") about NATO manoeuver called "Fallex 62", uncovering sorry state of West German army. Magazine soon accused of treason.
  • 1964-05-12 Italian diplomat and politician Manlio Brosio chosen as secretary-general of NATO
  • 1967-12-23 Brussels: NATO Council accept "Flexible Response" strategy
  • 1971-06-04 J Luns appointed secretary-general of NATO
  • 1971-09-03 Manlio Brosio resigns as secretary general of NATO
  • 1971-10-01 Joseph Luns becomes secretary-general of NATO

Historic Event

1974-09-16 US General Alexander Haig Jr. becomes NATO supreme commander in Europe

  • 1979-06-25 Failed attack on NATO commander Alexander Haig Jr. in Obourg, Belgium by German terrorist Rolf Klemens Wagner, a former member of the Red Army Faction
  • 1981-12-02 Spanish government requests membership of NATO
  • 1981-12-07 Spain becomes a member of the NATO
  • 1982-05-30 Spain becomes 16th member of NATO
  • 1984-06-22 Joseph Luns resigns as secretary-general of NATO
  • 1984-11-14 NASA launches NATO-3D
  • 1985-04-21 Bomb attacks in NATO/AEG-Telefunken building in Brussels
  • 1995-08-29 NATO launches Operation Deliberate Force against Bosnian Serb forces.
  • 1995-12-20 NATO begins peacekeeping in Bosnia

Treaty of Interest

1997-05-27 Russian President Boris Yeltsin signs a historic treaty with NATO

  • 1997-07-08 NATO invites Poland, Hungary & Czech Republic to join
  • 1998-02-03 Cavalese cable car disaster: 20 people killed after NATO aircraft severs a cable car line
  • 1999-03-12 Former Warsaw Pact members the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland join NATO.
  • 1999-03-24 Kosovo War: NATO commences air bombardment against Yugoslavia, marking the first time NATO has attacked a sovereign country.
  • 1999-04-14 NATO mistakenly bombs a convoy of ethnic Albanian refugees - Yugoslav officials say 75 people are killed
  • 1999-04-29 Avala TV Tower near Belgrade is destroyed in NATO bombing of Yugoslavia
  • 1999-05-07 Kosovo War: In Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, three Chinese citizens are killed and 20 wounded when a NATO aircraft bombs the Chinese embassy in Belgrade

Agreement of Interest

1999-06-10 Kosovo War: NATO suspends its air strikes after Slobodan Milošević agrees to withdraw Serbian forces from Kosovo.

  • 1999-06-12 Kosovo War: Operation Joint Guardian begins - a NATO-led United Nations peacekeeping force KFor enters the province of Kosovo in Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
  • 2001-08-21 NATO decides to send a peace-keeping force to the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
  • 2001-09-12 Article V of the NATO agreement is invoked for the first and only time in response to the September 11, 2001 attacks against the United States of America.
  • 2002-05-28 NATO declares Russia a limited partner in the Western alliance.
  • 2002-11-21 NATO invites Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia to become members.
  • 2003-02-10 France and Belgium break the NATO procedure of silent approval concerning the timing of protective measures for Turkey in case of a possible war with Iraq.
  • 2003-08-11 NATO takes over command of the peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, marking its first major operation outside Europe in its 54-year-history.
  • 2004-03-29 Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia join NATO as full members
  • 2004-06-28 The 17th NATO Summit starts in Istanbul.
  • 2009-04-01 Croatia and Albania join NATO
  • 2011-11-26 NATO forces in Afghanistan attack a Pakistani checkpoint in a friendly fire incident, killing 24 soldiers and wounding 13 others
  • 2012-03-16 Turkish NATO helicopter crashes into a house killing ten people in the outskirts of Kabul, Afghanistan
  • 2012-05-07 NATO air strike kills 14 and woulds 6 civilians in Afghanistan's Badghis Province
  • 2012-05-27 A NATO airstrike kills a family of eight, including six children, in Afghanistan
  • 2012-08-18 NATO air strikes kill at least 13 militants in Afghanistan
  • 2012-09-01 Two suicide bombings kill 12 people and wound 50 in a NATO base in Afghanistan's Sayed Abad district
  • 2012-09-16 8 female civilians are killed by a NATO airstrike in Laghman, Afghanistan
  • 2012-10-01 3 NATO soldiers and 16 Afghan police are killed by a suicide bombing in Khost, Afghanistan
  • 2013-02-13 10 civilians, including 3 children, are killed by a NATO airstrike in the Kunar Province, Afghanistan
  • 2014-04-01 NATO suspends all practical civilian and military cooperation with Russia
  • 2014-12-13 Two US soldiers killed in a Taliban bombing of a NATO convoy in Kabul
  • 2017-06-05 Montenegro becomes the 29th member of NATO

Historic Event

2019-12-03 70th anniversary of NATO marked by gathering in London of world leaders and reception by Elizabeth II at Buckingham Palace

Historic Event

2019-12-03 World leaders discussing US President Donald Trump in unflattering terms at NATO reception caught on camera and goes viral

  • 2020-02-29 US and Taliban sign deal to end 18-year war in Afghanistan in Doha, Qatar. US and NATO allies will withdraw their troops after 14 months if deal kept.
  • 2021-07-20 US, NATO members and other states accuse China's Ministry of State Security for using "contract criminal hackers" to infiltrate Microsoft email systems [1]

Famous Birthdays

  • 1895-03-03 Matthew Ridgway, American general (World War II, Korean War, NATO Supreme Commander) and Chief of Staff of the US Army (1953-55), born in Fort Monroe, Virginia (d. 1993)
  • 1897-02-05 Dirk Stikker, Dutch politician, diplomat (Ambassador to Great Britain, 1952-58; Secretary General of NATO, 1961-64), and CEO (Heineken), Born in Winschoten, Netherlands (d. 1979)
  • 1897-10-28 Hans Speidel, German general and NATO-supreme commander (1957-64), born in Metzingen, Kingdom of Württemberg, German Empire (d. 1984)
  • 1899-01-02 Paul-Henri Spaak, Belgian premier/Secretary-General of NATO (1957-61)
  • 1899-03-03 Alfred M Gruenther, American commanding general (NATO, 1953-56)
  • 1906-12-30 Johan A earl von Kielmansegg, German general/commandant NATO-Europe
  • 1907-03-24 Lauris Norstad, American general (NATO commander) and CEO (Owens-Corning Fiberglass), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1988)
  • 1911-08-28 Joseph Luns, Dutch Foreign Minister and Secretary General (NATO), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2002)
  • 1915-02-12 Andrew J. Goodpaster, American general, supreme commander (NATO-Europe)
  • 1919-06-06 Lord Carrington [Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington], British conservative politician, former British Foreign Secretary (1979-82) and NATO Secretary General (1984-8), born in Chelsea, London (d. 2018)
  • 1921-07-16 Bernard W. Rogers, United States Army general who served as the Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army and NATO's Supreme Allied Commander, Europe, born in Fairview, Kansas (d. 2008)
  • 1924-04-08 Anthony Farrar-Hockley, English army officer (NATO Commander) and historian, born in Coventry, England (d. 2006)
  • 1926-07-15 John Graham, British ambassador to NATO
  • 1930-06-13 Ryszard Kukliński, Polish colonel and Cold War spy for NATO, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2004)
  • 1932-03-22 Richard Thomas, British admiral (Royal Navy) and NATO representative, born in Rhyl, Wales (d. 1998)
  • 1934-09-24 Manfred Wörner, German general and Secretary-General of NATO (1988-94), born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1994)
  • 1936-06-27 John Shalikashvili, Polish-American general (NATO), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2011)
  • 1936-09-25 Edward Jones, British Army officer (UK Military Representative to NATO in Brussels), born in Altrincham, Cheshire, England
  • 1938-04-13 John Weston, British diplomat, representative for NATO (1992-95) and UN (1995-98)
  • 1944-09-27 IDG Garnett, British Vice-Admiral, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic (NATO)
  • 1982-09-03 Kaori Natori, Japanese singer and model (Spontania)

Famous Deaths

  • 1972-07-31 Paul-Henri Spaak, Belgian premier/sect-gen (NATO, 1957-61), dies at 73
  • 1979-12-24 Dirk Uipko Stikker, Dutch politician, diplomat (Ambassador to Great Britain, 1952-58; Secretary General of NATO, 1961-64), and CEO (Heineken), dies at 82
  • 1983-05-30 Alfred M Gruenther, US general/NATO-commander (1953-56), dies at 84
  • 1984-11-28 Hans Speidel, German general and NATO-supreme commander (1957-64), dies at 87
  • 1988-09-12 Lauris Norstad, American general (NATO commander) and CEO (Owens-Corning Fiberglass), dies at 71
  • 1994-08-13 Manfred Wörner, German general and Secretary-General of NATO (1988-94), dies at 59
  • 1998-12-13 Richard Thomas, British admiral (Royal Navy) and NATO representative, dies at 66
  • 2004-02-11 Ryszard Kukliński, Polish colonel and Cold War spy for NATO, dies at 73
  • 2005-05-16 Andrew J. Goodpaster, American general, supreme commander (NATO-Europe), dies at 90
  • 2006-03-11 Anthony Farrar-Hockley, English army officer (NATO Commander) and military historian, dies at 81
  • 2008-10-27 Bernard W. Rogers, United States Army general who served as the Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army and NATO's Supreme Allied Commander, dies at 87
  • 2011-07-23 John Shalikashvili, Polish-American general (NATO), dies at 75
  • 2018-07-09 Lord Carrington [Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington], British conservative politician, former British Foreign Secretary (1979-82) and NATO Secretary General (1984-8), dies at 99