NATO in History

International Organisations: ASEAN - Commonwealth - European Union - IMF - League of Nations - OPEC - United Nations - Warsaw Pact - World Bank

Related Topics: Kosovo War

Historical Events

  • 1949-03-30 Riot breaks out in Austurvöllur square in Reykjavík, when Iceland joins NATO
  • 1949-04-04 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) treaty signed in Washington, D.C.
  • 1949-07-21 US Senate ratifies North Atlantic Treaty by a vote of 82-13 (NATO)
  • 1949-08-24 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) goes into effect

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949-10-06 US President Harry Truman signs Mutual Defense Assistance Act (for NATO)

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950-11-19 US General Eisenhower becomes supreme commander of NATO-Europe

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1950-12-19 General Eisenhower named NATO commander
  • 1952-04-28 Dwight D. Eisenhower resigns as Supreme Commander of NATO
  • 1953-10-23 German FR applies to NATO
  • 1954-03-31 USSR offers to join NATO
  • 1954-05-07 US, Great Britain & France reject Russian membership of NATO
  • 1955-05-06 West Germany joins NATO
  • 1955-05-09 German Federal Republic (West Germany) joins NATO
  • 1956-12-14 Paul-Henri Spaak appointed secretary-general of NATO
  • 1957-03-20 Britain accepts NATO offer to mediate in Cyprus, but Greece rejects it
  • 1961-01-31 NATO secretary-general Paul-Henri Spaak says he'll resign

  • 1961-03-04 Paul-Henri Spaak resigns as Secretary-General of NATO
  • 1961-04-21 Dirk Stikker chosen as secretary general of NATO

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961-07-25 In a speech John F. Kennedy emphasizes that any attack on Berlin is an attack on NATO

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1962-10-08 Spiegel scandal: Der Spiegel publishes article "Bedingt abwehrbereit" ("Conditionally prepared for defense") about NATO manoeuver called "Fallex 62", uncovering sorry state of West German army. Magazine soon accused of treason.
  • 1964-05-12 Italian diplomat and politician Manlio Brosio chosen as secretary-general of NATO
  • 1967-12-23 Brussels: NATO Council accept "Flexible Response" strategy
  • 1971-06-04 J Luns appointed secretary-general of NATO
  • 1971-09-03 Manlio Brosio resigns as secretary general of NATO
  • 1971-10-01 Joseph Luns becomes secretary-general of NATO
  • 1974-09-16 US General Alexander Haig Jr. becomes NATO supreme commander in Europe
  • 1979-06-25 Failed attack on NATO commander Alexander Haig Jr. in Obourg, Belgium by German terrorist Rolf Klemens Wagner, a former member of the Red Army Faction
  • 1981-12-02 Spanish government requests membership of NATO
  • 1981-12-07 Spain becomes a member of the NATO
  • 1982-05-30 Spain becomes 16th member of NATO
  • 1984-06-22 Joseph Luns resigns as secretary-general of NATO
  • 1984-11-14 NASA launches NATO-3D
  • 1985-04-21 Bomb attacks in NATO/AEG-Telefunken building in Brussels
  • 1995-08-29 NATO launches Operation Deliberate Force against Bosnian Serb forces.
  • 1995-12-20 NATO begins peacekeeping in Bosnia

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1997-05-27 Russian President Boris Yeltsin signs a historic treaty with NATO

Russian President Boris Yeltsin
Russian President
Boris Yeltsin

  • 1997-07-08 NATO invites Poland, Hungary & Czech Republic to join
  • 1998-02-03 Cavalese cable car disaster: 20 people killed after NATO aircraft severs a cable car line
  • 1999-03-12 Former Warsaw Pact members the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland join NATO.
  • 1999-03-24 Kosovo War: NATO commences air bombardment against Yugoslavia, marking the first time NATO has attacked a sovereign country.
  • 1999-04-14 NATO mistakenly bombs a convoy of ethnic Albanian refugees - Yugoslav officials say 75 people are killed.
  • 1999-04-29 Avala TV Tower near Belgrade is destroyed in NATO bombing of Yugoslavia
  • 1999-05-07 Kosovo War: In Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, three Chinese citizens are killed and 20 wounded when a NATO aircraft bombs the Chinese embassy in Belgrade

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1999-06-10 Kosovo War: NATO suspends its air strikes after Slobodan Milošević agrees to withdraw Serbian forces from Kosovo.

President of Serbia and Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević
President of Serbia and Yugoslavia
Slobodan Milošević
  • 1999-06-12 Kosovo War: Operation Joint Guardian begins - a NATO-led United Nations peacekeeping force KFor enters the province of Kosovo in Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
  • 2001-08-21 NATO decides to send a peace-keeping force to the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
  • 2001-09-12 Article V of the NATO agreement is invoked for the first and only time in response to the September 11, 2001 attacks against the United States of America.

Battle of Interest9/11 Attack on New York's World Trade Towers

2001-10-02 NATO backs US military strikes, following 9/11

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UA Flight 175 flies toward the South Tower of the World Trade Center while the North Tower burns
UA Flight 175 flies toward the South Tower of the World Trade Center while the North Tower burns
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  • 2002-05-28 NATO declares Russia a limited partner in the Western alliance.
  • 2002-11-21 NATO invites Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia to become members.
  • 2003-02-10 France and Belgium break the NATO procedure of silent approval concerning the timing of protective measures for Turkey in case of a possible war with Iraq.
  • 2003-08-11 NATO takes over command of the peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, marking its first major operation outside Europe in its 54-year-history.
  • 2004-03-29 Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia join NATO as full members
  • 2004-06-28 The 17th NATO Summit starts in Istanbul.
  • 2009-04-01 Croatia and Albania join NATO
  • 2011-11-26 NATO forces in Afghanistan attack a Pakistani checkpoint in a friendly fire incident, killing 24 soldiers and wounding 13 others

  • 2012-03-16 Turkish NATO helicopter crashes into a house killing ten people in the outskirts of Kabul, Afghanistan
  • 2012-05-07 NATO air strike kills 14 and woulds 6 civilians in Afghanistan's Badghis Province
  • 2012-05-27 A NATO airstrike kills a family of eight, including six children, in Afghanistan
  • 2012-08-18 NATO air strikes kill at least 13 militants in Afghanistan
  • 2012-09-01 Two suicide bombings kill 12 people and wound 50 in a NATO base in Afghanistan's Sayed Abad district
  • 2012-09-16 8 female civilians are killed by a NATO airstrike in Laghman, Afghanistan
  • 2012-10-01 3 NATO soldiers and 16 Afghan police are killed by a suicide bombing in Khost, Afghanistan
  • 2013-02-13 10 civilians, including 3 children, are killed by a NATO airstrike in the Kunar Province, Afghanistan
  • 2014-04-01 NATO suspends all practical civilian and military cooperation with Russia
  • 2014-12-13 Two US soldiers killed in a Taliban bombing of a NATO convoy in Kabul
  • 2017-06-05 Montenegro becomes the 29th member of NATO

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2019-12-03 70th anniversary of NATO marked by gathering in London of world leaders and reception by Elizabeth II at Buckingham Palace

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2019-12-03 World leaders discussing US President Donald Trump in unflattering terms at NATO reception caught on camera and goes viral

45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
  • 2020-02-29 US and Taliban sign deal to end 18-year war in Afghanistan in Doha, Qatar. US and NATO allies will withdraw their troops after 14 months if deal kept.

Famous Birthdays

  • 1895-03-03 Matthew B Ridgway, US gen (WW II/China/Nicaragua/Korea/NATO)
  • 1897-02-05 Dirk Stikker, Dutch politician, diplomat (Ambassador to Great Britain, 1952-58; Secretary General of NATO, 1961-64), and CEO (Heineken), Born in Winschoten, Netherlands (d. 1979)
  • 1897-10-28 Hans Speidel, German general and NATO-supreme commander (1957-64), born in Metzingen, Kingdom of Württemberg, German Empire (d. 1984)
  • 1899-01-02 Paul-Henri Spaak, Belgian premier/Secretary-General of NATO (1957-61)
  • 1899-03-03 Alfred M Gruenther, American commanding general (NATO, 1953-56)
  • 1906-12-30 Johan A earl von Kielmansegg, German general/commandant NATO-Europe
  • 1907-03-24 Lauris Norstad, US gen (NATO commander)/CEO (Owens-Corning Fiberglass)
  • 1911-08-28 Joseph Luns, Dutch Foreign Minister and Secretary General (NATO), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2002)
  • 1915-02-12 Andrew J. Goodpaster, American general, supreme commander (NATO-Europe)
  • 1919-06-06 Lord Carrington [Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington], British conservative politician, former British Foreign Secretary (1979-82) and NATO Secretary General (1984-8), born in Chelsea, London (d. 2018)
  • 1921-07-16 Bernard W. Rogers, United States Army general who served as the Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army and NATO's Supreme Allied Commander, Europe, born in Fairview, Kansas (d. 2008)
  • 1924-04-08 Anthony Farrar-Hockley, English army officer (NATO Commander) and historian, born in Coventry, England (d. 2006)
  • 1926-07-15 John Graham, British ambassador to NATO
  • 1930-06-13 Ryszard Kukliński, Polish colonel and Cold War spy for NATO, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2004)
  • 1932-03-22 Richard Thomas, British admiral (Royal Navy) and NATO representative, born in Rhyl, Wales (d. 1998)
  • 1932-11-23 Michael Knight, air chief marshall/British leader (NATO)
  • 1934-09-24 Manfred Wörner, German general and Secretary-General of NATO (1988-94), born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1994)
  • 1936-06-27 John Shalikashvili, Polish-American general (NATO), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2011)
  • 1936-09-25 Edward Jones, British Army officer (UK Military Representative to NATO in Brussels), born in Altrincham, Cheshire, England
  • 1938-04-13 John Weston, British diplomat, representative for NATO (1992-95) and UN (1995-98)
  • 1944-09-27 IDG Garnett, British Vice-Admiral, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic (NATO)
  • 1982-09-03 Kaori Natori, Japanese singer and model (Spontania)

Famous Deaths

  • 1972-07-31 Paul-Henri Spaak, Belgian premier/sect-gen (NATO, 1957-61), dies at 73
  • 1979-12-24 Dirk Uipko Stikker, Dutch politician, diplomat (Ambassador to Great Britain, 1952-58; Secretary General of NATO, 1961-64), and CEO (Heineken), dies at 82
  • 1983-05-30 Alfred M Gruenther, US general/NATO-commander (1953-56), dies at 84
  • 1984-11-28 Hans Speidel, German general and NATO-supreme commander (1957-64), dies at 87
  • 1988-09-12 Lauris Morstad, NATO commander/CEO Corning Fiberglass, dies at 71
  • 1994-08-13 Manfred Wörner, German general and Secretary-General of NATO (1988-94), dies at 59
  • 1998-12-13 Richard Thomas, British admiral (Royal Navy) and NATO representative, dies at 66
  • 2004-02-11 Ryszard Kukliński, Polish colonel and Cold War spy for NATO, dies at 73
  • 2005-05-16 Andrew J. Goodpaster, American general, supreme commander (NATO-Europe), dies at 90
  • 2006-03-11 Anthony Farrar-Hockley, English army officer (NATO Commander) and military historian, dies at 81
  • 2008-10-27 Bernard W. Rogers, United States Army general who served as the Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army and NATO's Supreme Allied Commander, dies at 87
  • 2011-07-23 John Shalikashvili, Polish-American general (NATO), dies at 75
  • 2018-07-09 Lord Carrington [Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington], British conservative politician, former British Foreign Secretary (1979-82) and NATO Secretary General (1984-8), dies at 99