Abolitionists in History

Historical Events

  • 1772-06-22 Somerset v Stewart court case finds slavery unsupported by English common law, encouraging the abolitionist movement
  • 1775-04-14 1st abolitionist society in US organizes in Philadelphia

BattleBattle of Interest

1782-08-27 Battle of the Combahee River near Beaufort, North Carolina, American abolitionist John Laurens is killed leading the charge

Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist John Laurens
Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist
John Laurens
  • 1790-02-11 Society of Friends petitions Congress for abolition of slavery

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1794-02-04 French National Convention proclaims abolition of slavery

Politician and Revolutionary Georges Danton
Politician and Revolutionary
Georges Danton

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1831-01-01 William Lloyd Garrison publishes 1st issue of abolitionist journal

Abolitionist and Social Reformer William Lloyd Garrison
Abolitionist and Social Reformer
William Lloyd Garrison
  • 1831-01-02 Liberator, abolitionist newspaper, begins publishing in Boston
  • 1837-11-07 In Alton, Illinois, abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy shot dead (age 34) by pro-slavery mob while attempting to protect his printing shop from being destroyed a third time.
  • 1851-02-15 Black abolitionists invade Boston courtroom rescuing a fugitive slave
  • 1851-11-09 Kentucky marshals abduct abolitionist minister Calvin Fairbank from Jeffersonville, Indiana, and take him to Kentucky to stand trial for helping a slave escape.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1856-05-24 Pottawatomie Massacre: John Brown and abolitionist settlers kill five pro-slavery settlers in Franklin County, Kansas

Abolitionist John Brown
Abolitionist
John Brown
  • 1858-04-14 Abolitionist John Brown meets Harriet Tubman at a Constitutional Convention convened in Chatham, Ontario
  • 1859-10-16 Abolitionist John Brown leads 21 in raid on federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Viringia
  • 1859-11-02 Abolitionist John Brown found guilty of murder, conspiring slaves to revolt and treason against Virginia and sentenced to hang
  • 1859-12-02 Abolitionist John Brown hanged for murder, treason and conspiring slaves to revolt at Charles Town, Virginia
  • 1864-10-13 Maryland voters adopt new constitution, including abolition of slavery
  • 1962-11-06 Saudi Arabia proclaims abolition of slavery

Famous Birthdays

  • 1720-10-19 John Woolman, American Quaker preacher and abolitionist, born in Province of New Jersey (d. 1772)
  • 1735-11-10 Granville Sharp, English abolitionist, born in Durham, England (d. 1813)
  • 1746-11-06 Absalom Jones, African-American abolitionist and clergyman, born into slavery in Delaware (d. 1818)

Person of interestJohn Laurens

1754-10-28 John Laurens, American soldier, diplomat and abolitionist, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1782)

Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist John Laurens
Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist
John Laurens
  • 1760-03-28 Thomas Clarkson, English abolitionist (Negro Emancipation), born in Wisbech, Cambridgeshire, England (d. 1846)
  • 1789-01-04 Benjamin Lundy, philanthropist/abolitionist
  • 1793-01-03 Lucretia Coffin Mott, American teacher/minister/abolitionist/feminist
  • 1796-05-17 Martinus Niewindt, Dutch Bishop of Curacao (advocate for fair treatment and abolition of slavery), born in Amsterdam (d. 1860)
  • 1796-09-28 David Walker, African-American abolitionist (Appeal to Colored Citizens), born in Wilmington, North Carolina (d. 1830)

Person of interestSojourner Truth

1797-11-18 Sojourner Truth [Isabella Baumfree], African-American abolitionist and feminist, born in Swartekill, New York (d. 1883) [birth date is approximate]

Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate
Sojourner Truth

Person of interestJohn Brown

1800-05-09 John Brown, American abolitionist and revolutionary (Harpers Ferry), born in Torrington, Connecticut (d. 1859)

Abolitionist John Brown
Abolitionist
John Brown
  • 1801-11-10 Samuel Gridley Howe, United States physician, abolitionist, and advocate of education for the blind, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1876)
  • 1802-02-11 Lydia Maria Child, American author, journalist and abolitionist (Juvenile Miscellany), born in Medford, Massachusetts (d. 1880)
  • 1802-06-12 Harriet Martineau, British controversial journalist, political economist, abolitionist and life-long feminist, born in Norwich, Norfolk, England (d. 1876)
  • 1802-11-09 Elijah Parish Lovejoy, American newspaper publisher and abolitionist, born in Albion, Maine (d. 1837)
  • 1804-07-22 Victor Schoelcher, French writer (abolitionism), born in Paris (d. 1893)
  • 1805-02-20 Angelina Grimke, reformer/abolitionist/politician/lawyer

Person of interestWilliam Lloyd Garrison

1805-12-10 William Lloyd Garrison, American abolitionist publisher (The Liberator), born in Newburyport, Massachusetts (d. 1879)

Abolitionist and Social Reformer William Lloyd Garrison
Abolitionist and Social Reformer
William Lloyd Garrison
  • 1808-07-10 Solomon Northup, American abolitionist and author (12 Years a Slave), born Minerva, New York (or 10 Jul 1807) (d. 1863)
  • 1810-02-01 Charles Lenox Remond, African-American orator and abolitionist, born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1873)
  • 1812-03-22 Stephen Pearl Andrews, American abolitionist (d. 1886)
  • 1813-04-18 James McCune Smith, African-American doctor and abolitionist, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1865)
  • 1813-11-13 John Wolcott Phelps, American abolitionist, author and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Guilford County, Vermont (d. 1885)
  • 1815-12-23 Henry Highland Garnet, Maryland, minister/abolitionist/diplomat
  • 1817-10-17 Samuel Ringgold Ward, Maryland, minister/abolitionist (Fugitive Negro)

Person of interestFrederick Douglass

1818-02-14 Frederick Douglass, African-American abolitionist, lecturer and editor who was also an escaped slave (exact birth year unknown), born in Talbot County, Maryland (d. 1895)

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
  • 1818-08-13 Lucy Stone, American abolitionist (US Woman's Suffrage Association), born in West Brookefield, Massachusetts (d. 1893)
  • 1819-02-22 James Russell Lowell, poet/critic/diplomat/abolitionist
  • 1823-06-08 Robert Morris, 1st successful African American lawyer in the US and Abolitionist, born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1882)
  • 1826-06-06 Sarah Parker Remond, African-American abolitionist, born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1894)
  • 1826-07-21 James Gillpatrick Blunt, American physician, abolitionist, and Major General (Union Army), born in Trenton, Maine (d. 1881)
  • 1828-12-08 Clinton Bowen Fisk, American abolitionist, Brevet Major General (Union Army), helped establish 1st free public schools in the South, born in York, New York (d. 1890)
  • 1831-05-28 Eliza Ann Gardner, African-American abolitionist and religious leader, born in NYC, New York (d. 1922)
  • 1832-03-17 Moncure Daniel Conway, US abolitionist (Life of Thomas Paine)
  • 1835-03-15 John Henrie Kagi, American abolitionist (d. 1859)
  • 1965-01-12 Biram Dah Abeid, Mauritanian politician & slavery abolitionist advocate, born in Rosso, Trarza

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

1797-05-30 Abolitionist William Wilberforce (37) weds Barbara Spooner (25) at St Swithins Church in Walcot, Bath

Abolitionist William Wilberforce
Abolitionist
William Wilberforce

LoveWedding of Interest

1834-09-04 Abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison (28) weds Helen Eliza Benson

Abolitionist and Social Reformer William Lloyd Garrison
Abolitionist and Social Reformer
William Lloyd Garrison

LoveWedding of Interest

1840-05-01 Women's rights activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton (24) weds fellow abolitionist Henry Brewster Stanton (34)

Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Women's Rights Activist
Elizabeth Cady Stanton

LoveWedding of Interest

1864-09-08 Business magnate John D. Rockefeller (25) weds abolitionist Laura Spelman (24)

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller

LoveWedding of Interest

1869-03-18 US Abolitionist Harriet Tubman marries civil war veteran Nelson Davis in Auburn NY

Abolitionist Harriet Tubman
Abolitionist
Harriet Tubman

LoveWedding of Interest

1884-01-24 Abolitionist Frederick Douglass marries his second wife suffragist Helen Pitts

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass

Famous Deaths

  • 1772-10-07 John Woolman, American Quaker preacher and abolitionist, dies of smallpox at 51

Person of interestJohn Laurens

1782-08-27 John Laurens, American soldier, diplomat and abolitionist, killed in battle at 27

Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist John Laurens
Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist
John Laurens
  • 1813-07-06 Granville Sharp, English abolitionist, dies at 77
  • 1818-02-13 Absalom Jones, African-American abolitionist and clergyman, dies at 71
  • 1830-06-28 David Walker, African-American abolitionist (Appeal to Colored Citizens), dies at 33
  • 1837-11-07 Elijah Parish Lovejoy, American newspaper publisher and abolitionist, murdered at 34
  • 1846-09-26 Thomas Clarkson, English abolitionist (Negro Emancipation), dies at 86

BattleJohn Brown

1859-12-02 John Brown, American abolitionist and revolutionary (Harpers Ferry), hanged at 59

Abolitionist John Brown
Abolitionist
John Brown
  • 1865-11-17 James McCune Smith, African-American doctor and abolitionist, dies at 52
  • 1876-01-09 Samuel Gridley Howe, United States physician, abolitionist, and an advocate of education for the blind, dies at 74
  • 1876-06-27 Harriet Martineau, British controversial journalist, political economist, abolitionist and life-long feminist, dies at 74
Abolitionist and Social Reformer William Lloyd Garrison
Abolitionist and Social Reformer
William Lloyd Garrison
  • 1880-11-11 Lucretia Mott, American Quaker, abolitionist and women's right activist (1st Woman's Rights Convention), dies at 87
  • 1882-12-12 Robert Morris, 1st successful African American lawyer and abolitionist, dies at 59
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate
Sojourner Truth
  • 1885-01-24 Martin Delany, African-American abolitionist and physician (1st African American major in US Army), dies at 72
  • 1893-10-18 Lucy Stone, American abolitionist (US Woman's Suffrage Association), dies at 75
  • 1893-12-26 Victor SchÅ“lcher, French abolitionist writer, dies at 89
  • 1893-12-30 Robert Morris, 1st successful African American lawyer in the US and Abolitionist, dies at 72
  • 1894-12-13 Sarah Parker Remond, African-American abolitionist, dies at 68

Person of interestFrederick Douglass

1895-02-20 Frederick Douglass, African-American abolitionist, lecturer and editor who was also an escaped slave, dies of a heart attack at 77

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
  • 1898-10-12 Calvin Fairbank, American abolitionist minister (b. 1816)

Person of interestHarriet Tubman

1913-03-10 Harriet Tubman [Araminta Ross], American abolitionist, former slave and humanitarian (Underground Railroad), dies at about 91

Abolitionist Harriet Tubman
Abolitionist
Harriet Tubman
  • 1922-01-04 Eliza Ann Gardner, African-American abolitionist and religious leader, dies at 90