Abolitionists in History

Historical Events

  • 1772-06-22 Somerset v Stewart court case finds slavery unsupported by English common law, encouraging the abolitionist movement
  • 1775-04-14 1st abolitionist society in US organizes in Philadelphia

BattleBattle of Interest

1782-08-27 Battle of the Combahee River near Beaufort, North Carolina, American abolitionist John Laurens is killed leading the charge

Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist John Laurens
Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist
John Laurens
  • 1790-02-11 Society of Friends petitions Congress for abolition of slavery

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1794-02-04 French National Convention proclaims abolition of slavery

Politician and Revolutionary Georges Danton
Politician and Revolutionary
Georges Danton

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1831-01-01 William Lloyd Garrison publishes 1st issue of abolitionist journal, "The Liberator"; publication continued until the 13th Amendment abolished slavery in 1865

Abolitionist and Social Reformer William Lloyd Garrison
Abolitionist and Social Reformer
William Lloyd Garrison
  • 1831-01-02 Liberator, abolitionist newspaper, begins publishing in Boston
  • 1837-11-07 In Alton, Illinois, abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy shot dead (age 34) by pro-slavery mob while attempting to protect his printing shop from being destroyed a third time.
  • 1851-02-15 Black abolitionists invade Boston courtroom rescuing a fugitive slave
  • 1851-11-09 Kentucky marshals abduct abolitionist minister Calvin Fairbank from Jeffersonville, Indiana, and take him to Kentucky to stand trial for helping a slave escape.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1856-05-24 Pottawatomie Massacre: John Brown and abolitionist settlers kill five pro-slavery settlers in Franklin County, Kansas

Abolitionist John Brown
Abolitionist
John Brown
  • 1858-04-14 Abolitionist John Brown meets Harriet Tubman at a Constitutional Convention convened in Chatham, Ontario
  • 1859-10-16 Abolitionist John Brown leads 21 men on a raid of the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia
  • 1859-11-02 American abolitionist John Brown found guilty of murder, inciting slaves to revolt, and treason against the Virginia Territory during his raid of Harpers Ferry Armory, and sentenced to hang
  • 1859-12-02 Abolitionist John Brown hanged for murder, treason, and conspiring slaves to revolt at Charles Town, Virginia
  • 1864-10-13 Maryland voters adopt new constitution, including abolition of slavery
  • 1962-11-06 Saudi Arabia proclaims abolition of slavery

Famous Birthdays

  • 1720-10-19 John Woolman, American Quaker preacher and abolitionist, born in Province of New Jersey (d. 1772)
  • 1735-11-10 Granville Sharp, English abolitionist, born in Durham, England (d. 1813)
  • 1746-11-06 Absalom Jones, African-American abolitionist and clergyman, born into slavery in Delaware (d. 1818)

Person of interestJohn Laurens

1754-10-28 John Laurens, American soldier, diplomat and abolitionist, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1782)

Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist John Laurens
Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist
John Laurens
  • 1760-03-28 Thomas Clarkson, English abolitionist (Negro Emancipation), born in Wisbech, Cambridgeshire, England (d. 1846)
  • 1789-01-04 Benjamin Lundy, philanthropist/abolitionist
  • 1793-01-03 Lucretia Coffin Mott, American teacher/minister/abolitionist/feminist
  • 1796-05-17 Martinus Niewindt, Dutch Bishop of Curacao (advocate for fair treatment and abolition of slavery), born in Amsterdam (d. 1860)
  • 1796-09-28 David Walker, African-American abolitionist (Appeal to Colored Citizens), born in Wilmington, North Carolina (d. 1830)

Person of interestSojourner Truth

1797-11-18 Sojourner Truth [Isabella Baumfree], African-American abolitionist and feminist, born in Swartekill, New York (d. 1883) [birth date is approximate]

Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate
Sojourner Truth

Person of interestJohn Brown

1800-05-09 John Brown, American abolitionist and revolutionary (Harpers Ferry), born in Torrington, Connecticut (d. 1859)

Abolitionist John Brown
Abolitionist
John Brown
  • 1801-11-10 Samuel Gridley Howe, United States physician, abolitionist, and advocate of education for the blind, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1876)
  • 1802-02-11 Lydia Maria Child, American author, journalist and abolitionist (Juvenile Miscellany), born in Medford, Massachusetts (d. 1880)
  • 1802-06-12 Harriet Martineau, British controversial journalist, political economist, abolitionist and life-long feminist, born in Norwich, Norfolk, England (d. 1876)
  • 1802-11-09 Elijah Parish Lovejoy, American newspaper publisher and abolitionist, born in Albion, Maine (d. 1837)
  • 1804-07-22 Victor Schoelcher, French writer (abolitionism), born in Paris (d. 1893)
  • 1805-02-20 Angelina Grimke, reformer/abolitionist/politician/lawyer

Person of interestWilliam Lloyd Garrison

1805-12-10 William Lloyd Garrison, American abolitionist, and publisher ("The Liberator"), born in Newburyport, Massachusetts (d. 1879)

Abolitionist and Social Reformer William Lloyd Garrison
Abolitionist and Social Reformer
William Lloyd Garrison
  • 1808-07-10 Solomon Northup, American abolitionist and author (12 Years a Slave), born in Minerva, New York (or 10 Jul 1807) (d. 1863)
  • 1810-02-01 Charles Lenox Remond, African-American orator and abolitionist, born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1873)
  • 1812-03-22 Stephen Pearl Andrews, American abolitionist (d. 1886)
  • 1813-04-18 James McCune Smith, African-American doctor and abolitionist, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1865)
  • 1813-11-13 John Wolcott Phelps, American abolitionist, author and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Guilford County, Vermont (d. 1885)
  • 1815-12-23 Henry Highland Garnet, American minister, abolitionist and diplomat, born in Maryland
  • 1817-10-17 Samuel Ringgold Ward, Maryland, minister/abolitionist (Fugitive Negro)

Person of interestFrederick Douglass

1818-02-14 Frederick Douglass, African-American abolitionist, lecturer and editor who was also an escaped slave (exact birth year unknown), born in Talbot County, Maryland (d. 1895)

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
  • 1818-08-13 Lucy Stone, American abolitionist (US Woman's Suffrage Association), born in West Brookefield, Massachusetts (d. 1893)
  • 1819-02-22 James Russell Lowell, poet/critic/diplomat/abolitionist
  • 1823-06-08 Robert Morris, 1st successful African American lawyer in the US and Abolitionist, born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1882)
  • 1826-06-06 Sarah Parker Remond, African-American abolitionist, born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1894)
  • 1826-07-21 James Gillpatrick Blunt, American physician, abolitionist, and Major General (Union Army), born in Trenton, Maine (d. 1881)
  • 1828-12-08 Clinton Bowen Fisk, American abolitionist, Brevet Major General (Union Army), helped establish 1st free public schools in the South, born in York, New York (d. 1890)
  • 1831-05-28 Eliza Ann Gardner, African-American abolitionist and religious leader, born in NYC, New York (d. 1922)
  • 1832-03-17 Moncure Daniel Conway, US abolitionist (Life of Thomas Paine)
  • 1835-03-15 John Henrie Kagi, American abolitionist (d. 1859)
  • 1965-01-12 Biram Dah Abeid, Mauritanian politician & slavery abolitionist advocate, born in Rosso, Trarza

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

1797-05-30 Abolitionist William Wilberforce (37) weds Barbara Spooner (25) at St Swithins Church in Walcot, Bath

Abolitionist William Wilberforce
Abolitionist
William Wilberforce

LoveWedding of Interest

1834-09-04 American abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison (28) weds Helen Eliza Benson (22), in Boston, Massachusetts

Abolitionist and Social Reformer William Lloyd Garrison
Abolitionist and Social Reformer
William Lloyd Garrison

LoveWedding of Interest

1840-05-01 Women's rights activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton (24) weds fellow abolitionist Henry Brewster Stanton (34)

Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Women's Rights Activist
Elizabeth Cady Stanton

LoveWedding of Interest

1864-09-08 Business magnate John D. Rockefeller (25) weds abolitionist Laura Spelman (24)

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller

LoveWedding of Interest

1869-03-18 US Abolitionist Harriet Tubman marries civil war veteran Nelson Davis in Auburn NY

Abolitionist Harriet Tubman
Abolitionist
Harriet Tubman

LoveWedding of Interest

1884-01-24 Abolitionist Frederick Douglass marries his second wife suffragist Helen Pitts

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass

Famous Deaths

  • 1772-10-07 John Woolman, American Quaker preacher and abolitionist, dies of smallpox at 51

Person of interestJohn Laurens

1782-08-27 John Laurens, American soldier, diplomat and abolitionist, killed in battle at 27

Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist John Laurens
Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist
John Laurens
  • 1813-07-06 Granville Sharp, English abolitionist, dies at 77
  • 1818-02-13 Absalom Jones, African-American abolitionist and clergyman, dies at 71
  • 1830-06-28 David Walker, African-American abolitionist (Appeal to Colored Citizens), dies at 33
  • 1837-11-07 Elijah Parish Lovejoy, American newspaper publisher and abolitionist, murdered at 34
  • 1846-09-26 Thomas Clarkson, English abolitionist (Negro Emancipation), dies at 86

BattleJohn Brown

1859-12-02 John Brown, American abolitionist and revolutionary (Harpers Ferry), hanged at 59

Abolitionist John Brown
Abolitionist
John Brown
  • 1865-11-17 James McCune Smith, African-American doctor and abolitionist, dies at 52
  • 1876-01-09 Samuel Gridley Howe, United States physician, abolitionist, and an advocate of education for the blind, dies at 74
  • 1876-06-27 Harriet Martineau, British controversial journalist, political economist, abolitionist and life-long feminist, dies at 74

Person of interestWilliam Lloyd Garrison

1879-05-24 William Lloyd Garrison, American abolitionist, and publisher ("The Liberator"), dies at 73

Abolitionist and Social Reformer William Lloyd Garrison
Abolitionist and Social Reformer
William Lloyd Garrison
  • 1880-11-11 Lucretia Mott, American Quaker, abolitionist and women's right activist (1st Woman's Rights Convention), dies at 87
  • 1882-12-12 Robert Morris, 1st successful African American lawyer and abolitionist, dies at 59
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate
Sojourner Truth
  • 1885-01-24 Martin Delany, African-American abolitionist and physician (1st African American major in US Army), dies at 72
  • 1893-10-18 Lucy Stone, American abolitionist (US Woman's Suffrage Association), dies at 75
  • 1893-12-26 Victor SchÅ“lcher, French abolitionist writer, dies at 89
  • 1894-12-13 Sarah Parker Remond, African-American abolitionist, dies at 68

Person of interestFrederick Douglass

1895-02-20 Frederick Douglass, African-American abolitionist, lecturer and editor who was also an escaped slave, dies of a heart attack at 77

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
  • 1898-10-12 Calvin Fairbank, American abolitionist minister (b. 1816)

Person of interestHarriet Tubman

1913-03-10 Harriet Tubman [Araminta Ross], American abolitionist, former slave and humanitarian (Underground Railroad), dies at about 91

Abolitionist Harriet Tubman
Abolitionist
Harriet Tubman
  • 1922-01-04 Eliza Ann Gardner, African-American abolitionist and religious leader, dies at 90

Famous Abolitionists