Communist History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 302

Historic Publication

1848-02-21 Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish "The Communist Manifesto" in London

  • 1848-06-01 Revolutionary newspaper "Neue Rheinische Zeitung" founded by Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels and the Communist League in Cologne
  • 1912-05-05 Soviet Communist Party newspaper Pravda begins publishing (4/22 OS)
  • 1916-01-27 Communist party "Spartacus Letters" 1st published in Berlin
  • 1917-03-12 In the wake of the February Revolution, Communist Party members Joseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev and Matvei Muranov arrive in Petrograd (St Petersburg) and seize control of the Pravda newspaper
  • 1918-03-09 Russian Bolshevik Party becomes the Communist Party

Historic Event

1918-03-13 Leon Trotsky gains control of the Red Army

  • 1918-06-25 Baku-Turkish communist party forms
  • 1918-11-13 Stahlhelm forms (anti communist/Polish/French) in Magdenburg
  • 1918-11-17 Social Democratic Party becomes Communistc Party Holland: CPH
  • 1918-11-24 Béla Can forms Hungarian Communist Party
  • 1919-01-11 3 year old German communist party (Spartacus) crushed
  • 1919-03-02 1st congress of Communist International opens at the Kremlin
  • 1919-03-03 Communist Party in Germany announces a general strike

Historic Event

1919-03-23 8th Congress of the Russian Communist Party re-establishes a five-member Politburo which becomes the center of political power in the Soviet Union. Original members Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, Joseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev and Nikolai Krestinsky

  • 1919-08-04 Hungarian communist leader Béla Kun flees to Vienna after the Hungarian Soviet Republic is overthrown by the Romanian Army
  • 1919-08-31 John Reed forms American Communist Labor Party in Chicago
  • 1919-09-02 Communist Party of America organizes in Chicago
  • 1920-01-01 The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party.
  • 1920-01-02 Responding to global fear of communism caused by the Russian Revolution, US Attorney General Palmer authorizes raids across the country on unionists and socialists
  • 1920-03-23 Perserikatan Communist of India (PKI) political party forms

Historic Event

1920-05-05 US President Woodrow Wilson makes Communist Labor Party illegal

  • 1920-10-30 The Communist Party of Australia is founded in Sydney.
  • 1920-11-14 The Russian Bolshevik army occupies Sebastopol, ending anti-communist attempts to regain the government of Russia
  • 1920-12-07 USPD-KPD parties merge into Vereinigte Communist Party of Germany
  • 1920-12-29 Yugoslav government bans communist party

Historic Event

1921-01-21 Italian Communist Party founded at Livorno by Amadeo Bordiga and Antonio Gramsci

  • 1921-04-13 Foundation of the Spanish Communist Workers' Party.
  • 1921-07-01 The Communist Party of China is founded and Chen Duxiu elected its leader
  • 1921-07-23 Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao (among others) form Chinese Communist Party, with guidance from Soviet backed Communist International (Comintern) forms under guidance of Henk Sneevliet
  • 1921-07-30 The Communist Party of South Africa (CPSA) forms; the party changed its name to the South African Communist Party (SACP) in 1953, after it had been forced underground
  • 1921-09-03 KPB, Communist Party of Belgium forms
  • 1921-11-14 The Communist Party of Spain is founded
  • 1921-12-16 The Communist Party of South Africa (CPSA) calls for a united front in a pass burning campaign on Dingaan's Day

Appointment of Interest

1922-04-03 Joseph Stalin is appointed General Secretary of the Russian Communist Party by an ailing Vladimir Lenin

  • 1923-02-05 Mass arrests of socialists & communists in Italy
  • 1923-04-07 Workers Party of America (NYC) becomes official communist party
  • 1923-05-19 KPD (communist revolts) in German Ruhr cities occupied by Allies
  • 1923-10-10 Saxony gets Social Democratic & Communist coalition government
  • 1924-01-21 Vladimir Lenin's Testament is handed over to the Communist Party; it calls for changes to the Soviet governing structure and criticizes Joseph Stalin, Leon Trotsky and other members
  • 1924-03-01 Germany's prohibition of Communist Party KPD lifted
  • 1924-05-04 German Republic election: fascists & communists win
  • 1924-12-07 German election (Social Democrats win, Nazis & Communists lose)
  • 1925-01-20 The Soviet and Japan sign a convention resuming relations: Russia agrees to limit revolutionary activity of the Third Communist International, while Japan agrees to leave the Sakhalin
  • 1925-02-02 Belgian episcopacy rejects liberalism, communism & socialism
  • 1925-04-16 During the Communist St Nedelya Church assault in Sofia, Bulgaria, 150 are killed and 500 wounded

Historic Event

1925-04-26 Artist Diego Rivera resigns from the Mexican Communist Party

Historic Event

1926-05-22 Chiang Kai-shek replaces communists in Guomindang China

  • 1926-05-22 Dutch Communist Party expels David Wijnkoop
  • 1926-11-09 Italian Communist leader Antonio Gramsci is arrested in Rome
  • 1926-11-13 Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) uprising in Bantam, West Java
  • 1927-01-01 Communist uprising in West Java
  • 1927-03-19 Bloody battles between communists & Nazis in Berlin
  • 1927-11-12 Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Soviet Communist Party, paving the way for Joseph Stalin to consolidate complete power
  • 1930-02-03 The Indochinese Communist Party of Vietnam is established
  • 1930-04-04 The Communist Party of Panama is founded
  • 1932-02-12 Communist Party of Holland forms Unemployed Combat Committees
  • 1932-10-09 Soviet leader Joseph Stalin expels Lev Kamenev and Grigory Zinoviev from the Communist Party after a power struggle

Historic Event

1933-02-02 Hermann Goering bans Communist meetings/demonstrations in Germany

  • 1933-02-15 Karl Radek praises invincible force of German communist party
  • 1933-02-16 Catholic newspaper Germania warns against Nazis and communists
  • 1933-02-24 Final demonstration of German communist party in Berlin

Reichstag Fire

1933-02-27 The Reichstag, German parliament building, destroyed by fire; possibly set by the Nazis, who blame and execute Martin van der Lubbe, a Dutch Communist

Historic Event

1933-02-28 After the Reichstag Fire Decree, the German Communist Party (KPD) is essentially outlawed (though not formally banned) after the German government blames the Communists for burning down the Reichstag building

  • 1933-03-09 Bulgarian communists Georgi Dimitrov, Blagoy Popov & Vasil Tanev arrested in Berlin, Germany, on charges of complicity in the Reichstag fire; all were acquitted
  • 1933-05-27 Austrian communist party banned
  • 1933-09-03 Yevgeniy Abalakov reaches the highest point of the Soviet Union - Communism Peak (7495 m)
  • 1933-09-25 5th "extermination campaign" begins against communists in Nanjing and Jiangxi province, China
  • 1933-11-04 Bulgarian communist Georgi Dimitrov defends himself and the ideology of communism against Hermann Goering and his Nazi accusers on charges of setting the Reichstag on fire
  • 1933-11-29 Japan begins persecution of communists
  • 1933-12-23 Dutch communist Marinus van der Lubbe sentenced to death for setting the German Reichstag on fire

Music History

1934-01-24 Dmitri Shostakovich's opera "Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District" is performed in Moscow; roundly criticized by the Communist Party, it was banned in the Soviet Union until 1961

  • 1934-07-27 French socialist/communist party of People's Front forms

Historic Event

1935-10-20 Communist forces end their Long March at Yan'an, in Shaanxi, China, bringing Mao Zedong to prominence

  • 1935-12-04 1,200 at St Joseph's College (Philadelphia) enroll in anticommunism class
  • 1935-12-31 CPH becomes Dutch Communist Party
  • 1936-01-16 Spanish socialists, communists and anarchists form Unidad Popular

Historic Event

1936-08-24 FDR gives the FBI the authority to pursue fascists and communists

  • 1936-12-25 Belgian bishops condemn fascism & communism

Catholic Encyclical

1937-03-19 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Divini redemptoris against communism

  • 1940-05-04 21 "not neutral" Nazis & communists arrested in Netherlands
  • 1940-06-16 Communist government installed in Lithuania
  • 1940-07-20 Germany occupiers forbid Dutch Communist Party (CPN) in Netherlands
  • 1941-01-07 Chinese Kuomintang forces under orders from Chiang Kai-shek open fire on the surrounded Communist New Fourth Army at Maolin, Anhui Province, killing or capturing 7,000 troops
  • 1941-01-17 Chiang Kai-shek disbands the Communist New Fourth Army after the New Fourth Army incident at Maolin, Anhui Province between the nationalist and communist armies leaves many dead
  • 1941-01-20 Chinese Communist leaders re-organize the New Fourth Army in defiance of Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek's order for it to be disbanded
  • 1941-01-21 British communist newspaper "Daily Worker" banned
  • 1941-06-22 Various Communist and Socialist French Resistance movements merge to one group
  • 1941-07-04 Politburo of Yugoslav communist party reorganizes
  • 1941-11-08 The Albanian Communist Party is founded
  • 1943-04-01 Jan Dieters, Dutch politician and resistance fighter who was the head of the Communist Party of the Netherlands, is arrested by the Nazis
  • 1944-02-29 5 leaders of Indonesia Communist Party sentenced to death

Historic Event

1944-04-02 Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party returns to Italy from the Soviet Union

Historic Event

1944-04-04 French General Charles de Gaulle forms new regime in exile, with communists

  • 1944-04-20 Dutch Communist Party resistance fighter John Postma sentence to death
  • 1944-05-08 33 communist resistance fighter sentenced to death
  • 1944-05-20 US Communist Party dissolves
  • 1944-09-09 Red Army supports coup in Bulgaria, instituting new Communist government (1946-1990) during the "National Uprising"

Famous Birthdays

Karl MarxKarl Marx (1818-1883)

1818-05-05 German philosopher (Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital), born in Trier, Prussia

Friedrich EngelsFriedrich Engels (1820-1895)

1820-11-28 German social philosopher and revolutionary socialist who co-authored "The Communist Manifesto" with Karl Marx, born in Barmen, Kingdom of Prussia

  • 1857-07-05 Clara Zetkin, German feminist, Socialist, and Communist leader, born in Wiederau, Saxony (d. 1933)
  • 1867-09-25 Yevgeny Miller [Eugen Ludwig Müller], Baltic German general and a leader of the anticommunist White Army during and after the Russian Civil War, born in Dünaburg, Vitebsk Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1939)
  • 1869-09-20 Marcel Cachin, French politician and co-founder of the French Communist Party, born in Plourivo, Côtes d'Armor, France (d. 1958)
  • 1873-01-02 Anton Pannekoek, Dutch astronomer/marxist theorist (Communist Tactics)
  • 1875-11-07 Mikhail Kalinin, Soviet communist leader and statesman, born in Verkhnyaya Troitsa, Russia (d. 1946) [OS]
  • 1876-01-03 Wilhelm Pieck, co-founder German Communist Party/pres (1949-60)
  • 1881-02-25 William Z. Foster, American labor organizer and Communist Presidential candidate (1924, 1928 and 1932), born in Taunton, Massachusetts (d. 1961)
  • 1881-10-05 Otto V. Kuusinen, Finnish politician (founder of the Finnish Communist Party), born in Laukaa, Finland (d. 1964)
  • 1883-07-10 Sam Wood, American communist fighter and director (For Whom the Bell Tolls), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1949)
  • 1883-10-22 Adolph Joffe, Russian Communist revolutionary and writer (Brest-Litovsk), born in Simferopol, Russian Empire (d. 1927)
  • 1884-12-28 Joseph Pholien, Belgian premier (1950-52)/communist hunter
  • 1886-01-10 Roman von Ungern-Sternberg 'the mad Baron', Baltic-German baron and anti-communist Russian general, born in Graz, Austria-Hungary (d. 1921)
  • 1886-03-05 Dong Biwu, High-ranking member of the Communist Party of China (d. 1975)
  • 1886-04-16 Ernst Thälmann, German communist presidential candidate, born in Hamburg, German Empire (d. 1944)
  • 1889-10-29 Li Dazhao [Ta-chao], Chinese intellectual, revolutionary and co-founder of the Chinese Communist Party with Chen Duxiu, born in Laoting, Zhili Province (now Hebei), Qing dynasty of China (d. 1927)
  • 1890-01-04 Mosa Pijade, Yugoslavia, MP (communist)
  • 1890-03-03 Norman Bethune, Canadian doctor, communist and humanitarian (Spanish Civil War, Second Sino-Japanese War), born in Gravenhurst, Ontario (d. 1939)

Ho Chi MinhHo Chi Minh (1890-1969)

1890-05-19 Vietnamese communist revolutionary and President of North Vietnam (1946-69), born in Nghệ An Province, French Indochina

  • 1890-06-25 Hans Marchwitza, German writer and communist, born in Scharley, Upper Silesia (d. 1965)
  • 1890-08-04 Erich Weinert, German communist writer, born in Magdeburg (d. 1953)
  • 1890-12-22 Harry Pollitt, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Great Britain, born in Droylsden, United Kingdom (d. 1960)
  • 1892-03-29 Jozsef Mindszenty József Pehm], Hungarian cardinal who opposed fascism and communism in Hungary, born in Csehimindszent, Hungary (d. 1975)

Josip Broz TitoJosip Broz Tito (1892-1980)

1892-05-07 Yugoslav communist revolutionary and leader of Yugoslavia (1943-80), born in Kumrovec, Hrvatsko Zagorje, Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia

  • 1893-02-13 Ana Pauker-Rabensohn, Romania, communist/foreign minister (1945-52)

Palmiro TogliattiPalmiro Togliatti (1893-1964)

1893-03-26 Italian politician and General Secretary of the Communist Party of Italy (1926-34, 1938-64), born in Genoa, Italy

Mao ZedongMao Zedong (1893-1976)

1893-12-26 Chinese revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party of China (1949-76), born in Shaoshan, Hunan

Nikita KhrushchevNikita Khrushchev (1894-1971)

1894-04-15 First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1953-64), born in Kalinovka, Russia

  • 1895-12-14 Paul Éluard, French communist and poet, born in Saint-Denis, France (d. 1952)
  • 1896-03-22 He Long, Chinese Communist revolutionary, marshal of the People's Liberation Army, born in Sangzhi, Hunan, China (d. 1969)
  • 1896-11-23 Klement Gottwald, Czech communist politician, Premier and President of Czechoslovakia (1946-53), born in Vyškov, Austria-Hungary (d. 1953)
  • 1897-03-05 Set Persson, Swedish communist politician, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1960)
  • 1897-04-28 Ye Jianying, Chinese communist general and politician (Head of State of the People's Republic of China 1978-83), born in Jiaying, Guangdong, Qing Empire (d. 1986)
  • 1898-07-18 Herbert Marcuse, German-American communist philosopher (Eros & Civilization), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1979)
  • 1899-02-07 Arvid Pelshe, Latvian Communist leader, CPSU Politburo member
  • 1899-06-02 Tan Malaka, Indonesian philosopher and founder (Indonesian Communist), born in Limapuluh Koto, Dutch East Indies (d. 1949)
  • 1899-07-19 Paul de Groot, Dutch communist politician (CPN) and editor (The Truth), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1986)
  • 1900-04-28 Maurice Thorez, French politician and secretary-general (French Communist Party), born in Noyelles-Godault, Pas-de-Calais, France (d. 1964)
  • 1900-11-04 Lucreţiu Pătrăşcanu, Romanian communist activist and sociologist, born in Bacău, Romania (d. 1954)
  • 1901-01-31 Jan Dieters, Dutch politician and resistance fighter who was the head of the Communist Party of the Netherlands, born in Slochteren (d. 1943)
  • 1901-08-26 Chen Yi, Chinese communist military commander and politician (d. 1972)
  • 1901-11-08 Gheorge Gheorghiu-Dej, Romanian communist politician (President of the State Council 1961-65), born in Bârlad, Romania (d. 1965)
  • 1904-02-14 Hertha Kuusinen, Finnish communist
  • 1904-10-01 A.K. Gopalan, Indian communist leader (d. 1977)
  • 1905-02-06 Władysław Gomułka, Polish communist politician, born in Krosno, Poland (d. 1982)
  • 1905-06-13 Chen Yun, Chinese political leader during and after the Chinese Civil War, considered one of the Eight Elders of the Communist Party of China, born in Qingpu, Shanghai, China (d. 1995)
  • 1905-11-22 James Burnham, American philosopher, political theorist and Trotskyist (The Managerial Revolution, Coming Defeat of Communism), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1987)
  • 1906-07-11 Herbert Wehner, German communist/anti-communist politician (SPD)
  • 1906-09-08 Andrei Kirilenko, Russian member of Central Committee of Communist Party, born in Alexeyevka, Voronezh Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1990)
  • 1907-05-15 Phillip Piratin, communist
  • 1907-12-05 Lin Biao, Chinese Communist Marshal during the Civil War and party leader, born in Huanggang, Hubei, Qing Empire (d. 1971)
  • 1908-03-02 Jan Brasser, Dutch resistance fighter (Witte Ko)/communist
  • 1908-07-12 Ernest Burnelle, Belgian politician (Communist Party of Belgium (PCB)), born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1968)

Enver HoxhaEnver Hoxha (1908-1985)

1908-10-16 Albanian post-war communist leader and dictator of Albania (1944-85), born in Gjirokastër, Albania

  • 1909-01-13 Marinus van der Lubbe, Dutch communist

Joseph McCarthyJoseph McCarthy (1909-1957)

1909-11-14 American Senator (Rep - Wisconsin) who claimed communists infiltrated the US government, born in Grand Chute, Wisconsin

  • 1910-10-08 Gus Hall, American union organizer and head of the U.S. Communist Party, born in Cherry Township, Minnesota (d. 2000)
  • 1911-02-13 Jean Muir, American actress (Fugitive in the Sky, The Aldrich Family) and the 1st performer to be blacklisted for being an alleged communist sympathizer, born in Suffern, New York (d. 1996)
  • 1911-05-14 J Borremans, Belgian politician (communist)/MP
  • 1911-08-27 Patience Edney, British nurse and communist, born in Orpington, Kent, England (d. 1996)
  • 1911-09-07 Todor Zhivkov, Bulgaria communist leader of the People's Republic of Bulgaria (PRB), 1954-89, born in Pravets, Kingdom of Bulgaria (d. 1998)
  • 1911-09-16 Wilfred Burchett, Australian communist and writer (Catapult to Freedom), born in Clifton Hill, Melbourne (d. 1983)

Konstantin ChernenkoKonstantin Chernenko (1911-1985)

1911-09-24 General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1984-85), born in Bolshaya Tes, Yeniseysk Governorate, Russian Empire

  • 1911-12-24 Malcolm MacEwen, Scottish conservationist & communist activist, born in Inverness, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • 1912-09-27 Gerben Wagenaar, Dutch resistance fighter and communist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1993)
  • 1913-01-06 Edward Gierek, Polish communist politician, born in Porąbka, Poland (d. 2001)
  • 1913-09-12 Ben Polak, Dutch physician, communist and resistance fighter, born in Nijmegen, Netherlands (d. 1993)

Jiang QingJiang Qing (1914-1991)

1914-03-19 Chinese communist and wife of Mao Zedong, born in Zhucheng, Shandong, China

Yuri AndropovYuri Andropov (1914-1984)

1914-06-15 General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1982-84) and KGB Chief (1967-82), born in Nagutskaya, Stavropol Region, Russian Empire

  • 1915-06-02 Alexandru Nicolschi, Russian communist (d. 1992)

Ethel RosenbergEthel Rosenberg (1915-1953)

1915-09-25 American communist, born in New York City, New York

Hu YaobangHu Yaobang (1915-1989)

1915-11-20 Chinese communist official and General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (1982-87), born in Liuyang, Hunan, Republic of China

  • 1916-01-07 Elena Ceausescu, wife of Romania's Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu (d. 1989)
  • 1916-04-04 Nikola Ljubičić, President of the Presidency of Serbia (1982-84) and Communist politician, born in Karan, Užice, Kingdom of Serbia (d. 2005)
  • 1916-08-26 Allan Merson, English historian and communist, born in Monkseaton, England (d. 1995)
  • 1918-01-07 Alessadro Natta, Italian political leader (Communist Party)

Nicolae CeausescuNicolae Ceausescu (1918-1989)

1918-01-26 Communist dictator of Romania (1967-89), born in Scornicești, Romania

  • 1918-03-17 Józef Franczak, Polish soldier and anti-communist resistance fighter who was the last cursed soldiers, born in Kozice Górne, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1963)
  • 1918-07-09 Rowley Israel Arenstein, South African attorney and communist
  • 1919-04-17 Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado, Cuban communist politician and 14th President of Cuba (1959-76), born in Cienfuegos, Cuba (d. 1983)
  • 1920-03-05 José Aboulker, Jewish Communist
  • 1920-06-07 Georges Marchais, French political leader (French Communist Party), born in La Hoguette, France (d. 1997)
  • 1920-09-16 Hannie Schaft, Dutch communist resistance fighter known as the "Girl with red hair", born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • 1920-12-10 Stanko Todorov, Bulgarian communist politician, Prime Minister of Bulgaria (1971-81), born in Klenovik (d. 1996)

Hua GuofengHua Guofeng (1921-2008)

1921-02-16 Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (1976-81) and Premier of the People's Republic of China (1976-80), born in Jiaocheng County, Shanxi

Alexander DubčekAlexander Dubček (1921-1992)

1921-11-27 Slovak politician who headed the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia and was deposed after the Soviet invasion, born in Uhrovec, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia)

  • 1922-02-10 Árpád Göncz, Hungarian politician, 1st post-communist President (1990-2000), born in Budapest (d. 2015)
  • 1922-05-15 Enrico Berlinguer, Italian communist/Secretary-General (CPI) [or May 25]
  • 1923-07-30 Dipa Nusantara Aidit, Indonesian communist leader of PKI (1951-65), born in Belitung Island, Dutch East Indies (d. 1965)
  • 1924-02-06 Paolo Volponi, Italian communist & author (Road to Rome), born in Urbino, Italy (d. 1994)
  • 1924-06-17 Henk Hoekstra, Dutch politician (Dutch Communist Party), born in Amsterdam (d. 2009)

Jiang ZeminJiang Zemin (1926-2022)

1926-08-17 General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (1989-2002) and President of the People's Republic of China (1993-2003), born in Yangzhou, Jiangsu

  • 1929-07-25 Somnath Chatterjee, Indian communist leader, born in Tezpur, India
  • 1930-08-01 Károly Grósz, Hungarian communist politician, born in Miskolc, Hungary (d. 1996)
  • 1930-10-05 Rahmon Nabiyev, Tajik politician (First Secretary of The Communist Party, 1982-85; President of Tadzjikistan, 1991-92), born in Leninabad, Tajik SSR (now Khujand, Tajikistan) (d. 1992)

Mikhail GorbachevMikhail Gorbachev (1931-2022)

1931-03-02 General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1985-91), born in Stavropol, Russia [1]

  • 1931-07-27 Khieu Samphan, Cambodian communist politician, born in Rumduol, Svay Rieng, French Protectorate of Cambodia
  • 1935-07-25 Lars Werner, Swedish communist leader, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2013)
  • 1937-03-19 Egon Krenz, former East German folitician and last communist leader of East Germany (1989), born in Kolberg, Nazi Germany

Famous Weddings

Ho Chi Minh

1926-10-18 Communist revolutionary leader Ho Chi Minh (36) weds midwife Zeng Xueming (21) in Guangzhou

Kim Philby

1934-02-24 High-ranking member of British intelligence Kim Philby (22) weds communist Litzi Friedmann in Vienna, Austria


Famous Deaths

Karl MarxKarl Marx (1818-1883)

1883-03-14 German philosopher (Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital), dies at 64

Friedrich EngelsFriedrich Engels (1820-1895)

1895-08-05 German social philosopher and revolutionary socialist who co-authored "The Communist Manifesto" with Karl Marx, dies of throat cancer at 74

  • 1921-09-15 Roman von Ungern-Sternberg 'the mad Baron', Baltic-German baron and anti-communist Russian general, executed by the Russian Red Army at 35
  • 1927-08-28 Li Dazhao [Ta-chao], Chinese intellectual, revolutionary and co-founder of the Chinese Communist Party with Chen Duxiu, executed as a political prisoner at 37
  • 1927-11-17 Adolph Joffe, Russian Communist revolutionary and writer (Brest-Litovsk), commits suicide at 44
  • 1933-06-20 Clara Zetkin, German feminist, Socialist, and Communist leader, dies at 75
  • 1934-01-10 Marinus van der Lubbe, Dutch communist, beheaded in Berlin at 24
  • 1939-05-11 Yevgeny Miller [Eugen Ludwig Müller], Baltic German general and a leader of the anticommunist White Army during and after the Russian Civil War, executed at 71 after being kidnapped in Paris by Soviet intelligence and taken to Moscow where he was tortured and eventually shot
  • 1939-11-12 Norman Bethune, Canadian doctor, communist and humanitarian (Spanish Civil War, Second Sino-Japanese War), dies of blood poisoning from a cut on his finger from operating on a wounded soldier at 49
  • 1942-04-13 Henk Sneevliet, Dutch Communist and resistance leader during WWII, executed by the Nazis at 58
  • 1942-07-23 Nikola Vaptsarov, Bulgarian poet, communist and revolutionary, executed by firing squad at 32
  • 1942-10-16 12, Dutch Communist Party-resistance fighter/3 NVV-hostages, executed
  • 1943-10-09 Jan Dieters, Dutch politician and resistance fighter who was the head of the Communist Party of the Netherlands, executed at 42
  • 1943-11-27 Ivo Lola Ribar, Croatian communist and partisan, killed by a German bomb at 27
  • 1944-08-28 Ernst Thälmann, German communist presidential candidate, dies at 58
  • 1945-04-17 Hannie Schaft, Dutch communist resistance fighter known as the "Girl with red hair", executed at 24

Benito MussoliniBenito Mussolini (1883-1945)

1945-04-28 Fascist Italian dictator (1922-43), shot by communist partisans at 61

  • 1948-05-06 43 communist rebels, executed in Athens

Witold PileckiWitold Pilecki (1901-1948)

1948-05-25 Polish WWII resistance fighter (volunteered to go to Auschwitz, Witold's Report), executed by communist secret police after a show trial at age 47

  • 1949-02-14 Yusuf Salman Yusuf, Iraqi-Assyrian communist leader (b. 1901)
  • 1949-02-21 Tan Malaka, Indonesian philosopher and founder (Indonesian Communist), executed at 49
  • 1949-09-22 Sam Wood, American communist fighter and director (For Whom the Bell Tolls), dies at 66
  • 1949-12-16 Traitsjo Kostov, Bulgarian communist vice-premier, executed by the state at 52
  • 1950-08-18 Julien Lahaut, chairman Belgian Communist Party, murdered
  • 1952-11-18 Paul Éluard, French communist and poet, dies at 56
  • 1953-03-14 Klement Gottwald, Czech Communist politician, Premier and President of Czechoslovakia, dies at 56
  • 1953-04-20 Erich Weinert, German communist writer, dies at 62
  • 1954-04-17 Lucreţiu Pătrăşcanu, Romanian communist activist and sociologist, dies at 53
  • 1957-03-16 Mosa Pijade, Yugoslavian MP (communist), dies at 67

Joseph McCarthyJoseph McCarthy (1909-1957)

1957-05-02 American Senator (Rep - Wisconsin) who claimed communists infiltrated the US government, dies of acute hepatitis, exacerbated by chronic alcohol abuse at 48

  • 1958-02-12 Marcel Cachin, French politician and co-founder of the French Communist Party, dies at 88
  • 1960-06-27 Harry Pollitt, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Great Britain dies at 69
  • 1960-07-15 Set Persson, Swedish communist politician, dies at 63
  • 1961-09-01 William Z. Foster, American labor organizer and US Communist Party president (1945-57), dies at 80
  • 1963-10-21 Józef Franczak, Polish soldier and anti-communist resistance fighter who was the last cursed soldiers, dies in a firefight with 35 functionaries of a ZOMO (paramilitary riot police) at 45
  • 1964-05-17 Otto V. Kuusinen, Finnish politician (founder of the Finnish Communist Party), dies at 82
  • 1964-07-11 Maurice Thorez, French politician and secretary-general (French Communist Party), dies at 64

Palmiro TogliattiPalmiro Togliatti (1893-1964)

1964-08-21 Italian politician and General Secretary of the Communist Party of Italy (1926-34, 1938-64), dies of a cerebral hemorrhage at 71

  • 1965-01-17 Hans Marchwitza, German writer and communist, dies at 75
  • 1965-02-19 Gheorge Gheorghiu-Dej, Romanian communist politician (President of the State Council 1961-65), dies at 63
  • 1965-04-03 Ernst Kirchweger, Austrian communist and resistance fighter (born 1897 or 1898)
  • 1965-10-22 Dipa Nusantara Aidit, Indonesian communist leader of PKI (1951-65), murdered at 42
  • 1968-01-04 Joseph Pholien, Belgian PM (1950-52) communist fighter, dies at 83
  • 1968-02-08 J Borremans, Belgian politician (Communist), dies at 56
  • 1968-08-06 Ernest Burnelle, Belgian politician (Communist Party of Belgium (PCB)), dies at 60
  • 1969-02-25 Jan Zajic, Czech student, who died setting himself alight to protest the Communist takeover at 18

Ho Chi MinhHo Chi Minh (1890-1969)

1969-09-02 Vietnamese communist revolutionary and President of North Vietnam (1946-69), dies of heart failure at 79

  • 1970-03-29 Anna Louise Strong, American communist journalist (b. 1885)
  • 1971-09-13 Lin Biao, Chinese Communist Marshal during the Civil War and party leader, dies in a plane crash at 63, possibly while fleeing from a botched coup against Mao
  • 1973-06-27 Earl Browder, leader US Communist Party (1930-45), dies at 82
  • 1974-03-19 Hertha Kuusinen, Finnish communist/daughter of Otto K, dies at 70
  • 1975-05-06 József Mindszenty [József Pehm], Hungarian cardinal who opposed fascism and communism in Hungary, dies at 83
  • 1977-03-22 A.K. Gopalan, Indian Communist leader (b. 1904)
  • 1979-07-29 Herbert Marcuse, German-American communist philosopher (Eros & Civilization), dies at 81
  • 1979-09-16 Nur Mohammed Taraki, Communist president of Afghanistan (1978-79), murdered by order from his successor, Hafizullah Amin, at 62

Josip Broz TitoJosip Broz Tito (1892-1980)

1980-05-04 Yugoslav communist revolutionary and leader of Yugoslavia (1943-80), dies at 87

  • 1983-06-23 Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado, Cuban communist politician and 14th President of Cuba (1959-76), commits suicide by shooting himself at 64
  • 1983-09-27 Wilfred Burchett, Australian communist and writer (Catapult to Freedom), dies at 72

Yuri AndropovYuri Andropov (1914-1984)

1984-02-09 General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1982-84) and KGB Chief (1967-82), dies of total renal failure at 69

  • 1984-02-15 Leamon Hunt, American Director General of Multinational Force and Observers (international peacekeepers) in Sinai, assassinated Red Brigade communists in Rome, at 56
  • 1984-06-11 Enrico Berlinguer, Italian National Secreatary of Italian Communist Party (PCI), dies at 62

Konstantin ChernenkoKonstantin Chernenko (1911-1985)

1985-03-10 General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1984-85), dies of Emphysema at 73

Enver HoxhaEnver Hoxha (1908-1985)

1985-04-11 Albanian post-war communist leader and dictator of Albania (1944-85), dies at 76

  • 1986-08-03 Paul de Groot, Dutch communist politician (CPN) and editor (The Truth), dies at 87
  • 1986-10-22 Ye Jianying, Chinese communist general and politician (Head of State of the People's Republic of China 1978-83), dies at 89
  • 1987-07-28 James Burnham, American philosopher, political theorist and Trotskyist (The Managerial Revolution, Coming Defeat of Communism), dies at 81

Hu YaobangHu Yaobang (1915-1989)

1989-04-15 Chinese communist official and General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (1982-87), dies of a heart attack at 73

  • 1989-05-03 Edward Ochab, Polish Communist politician (b. 1906)
  • 1989-12-25 Elena Ceausescu, wife of Romania's Communist dictator Nicolae, executed at 73

Nicolae CeausescuNicolae Ceausescu (1918-1989)

1989-12-25 Communist dictator of Romania (1967-89), executed at 71

  • 1990-01-19 Herbert Wehner, German politician (Member of the Bundestag, 1949-83; chairman of the SPD, 1969-83), dies of complications from Binswanger's disease at 83
  • 1990-05-12 Andrei Kirilenko, Russian member of Central Committee of Communist Party, dies at 83

Jiang QingJiang Qing (1914-1991)

1991-05-14 Chinese communist and wife of Mao Zedong, commits suicide at 77

  • 1991-08-10 Josef Lipski, Polish Senator, anti-Communist dissident, and human rights advocate, dies of heart disease at 65
  • 1992-05-25 Viktor Grishin, Soviet communist hardliner, dies at 78

Alexander DubčekAlexander Dubček (1921-1992)

1992-11-07 Slovak politician who headed the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia and was deposed after the Soviet invasion, dies at 70 from injuries sustained in a car crash

  • 1993-02-08 N. Shanmugathasan, Sri Lankan communist leader
  • 1993-04-10 (Martin) "Chris" Hani, South African politician (Secretary-General of South African Communist Party, 1991-93), assassinated at 50
  • 1993-04-11 Rahmon Nabiyev, Tajik politician (First Secretary of The Communist Party, 1982-85; President of Tadzjikistan, 1991-92), dies at 63
  • 1993-05-16 Madan Kumar Bhandari, Nepalese politician (Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)), dies at 41
  • 1993-07-11 Deng Yingchao, high ranking communist China official, dies at 88
  • 1993-07-24 Ben Polak, Dutch physician, communist and resistance fighter, dies at 79
  • 1993-09-01 Gerben Wagenaar, Dutch resistance fighter and communist, dies at 80
  • 1993-11-14 Sanzo Nosaka, co-founder of Japanese Communist Party (1922), dies
  • 1994-07-04 Tawfik Ziad, Palestinian communist/Israeli MP/mayor of Nazareth, dies
  • 1994-08-23 Paolo Volponi, Italian communist/author (Machina Mondiale), dies at 70
  • 1994-10-22 Fabio Grobart, founder (Cuban Communist Party), dies
  • 1995-04-10 Chen Yun, Chinese political leader during and after the Chinese Civil War, considered one of the Eight Elders of the Communist Party of China, dies at 89
  • 1995-12-10 Phillip Piratin, communist, dies at 88
  • 1996-01-07 Károly Grósz, Hungarian communist politician, dies at 65
  • 1996-05-11 Malcolm MacEwen, Scottish conservationist & communist activist, dies at 84
  • 1996-07-23 Jean Muir, American actress (Fugitive in the Sky, The Aldrich Family) and the 1st performer to be blacklisted for being an alleged communist sympathizer, dies at 85 [1]
  • 1996-09-25 Nicu Ceaușescu, youngest child of Romanian Communist Dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu and considered the President's heir apparent, dies of cirrhosis at 45
  • 1996-10-02 Frida Knight, English Communist activist and author, dies at 85
  • 1996-11-06 Patience Edney, British nurse and communist, dies at 85
  • 1996-12-17 Stanko Todorov, Bulgarian communist politician, Prime Minister of Bulgaria (1971-81), dies at 76
  • 1997-04-15 Zdenek Mlynar, Czech politician (secretary of the Czechoslovak communist party, 1968–70), dies at 66
  • 1997-11-16 Georges Marchais, French political leader (French Communist Party), dies at 77