Today in Communist History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 293


Event of interestEvent of Interest

1848-02-21 Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish "The Communist Manifesto" in London

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • 1912-05-05 Soviet Communist Party newspaper Pravda begins publishing (4/22 OS)
  • 1916-01-27 Communist party "Spartacus Letters" 1st published in Berlin
  • 1917-03-12 In the wake of the February Revolution, Communist Party members Joseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev and Matvei Muranov arrive in Petrograd (St Petersburg) and seize control of the Pravda newspaper
  • 1918-03-09 Russian Bolshevik Party becomes the Communist Party

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918-03-13 Leon Trotsky gains control of the Red Army

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1918-06-25 Baku-Turkish communist party forms
  • 1918-11-13 Stahlhelm forms (anti communist/Polish/French) in Magdenburg
  • 1918-11-17 Social Democratic Party becomes Communistc Party Holland: CPH
  • 1918-11-24 Béla Can forms Hungarian Communist Party
  • 1919-01-11 3 year old German communist party (Spartacus) crushed
  • 1919-03-02 1st congress of Communist International opens at the Kremlin
  • 1919-03-03 Communist Party in Germany announces a general strike

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919-03-23 8th Congress of the Russian Communist Party re-establishes a five-member Politburo which becomes the center of political power in the Soviet Union. Original members Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, Joseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev and Nikolai Krestinsky

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1919-08-04 Hungarian communist leader Béla Kun flees to Vienna after the Hungarian Soviet Republic is overthrown by the Romanian Army
  • 1919-08-31 John Reed forms American Communist Labor Party in Chicago

  • 1919-09-02 Communist Party of America organizes in Chicago
  • 1920-01-01 The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party.
  • 1920-01-02 Responding to global fear of communism caused by the Russian Revolution, US Attorney General Palmer authorizes raids across the country on unionists and socialists
  • 1920-03-23 Perserikatan Communist of India (PKI) political party forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1920-05-05 US President Woodrow Wilson makes Communist Labor Party illegal

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1920-10-30 The Communist Party of Australia is founded in Sydney.
  • 1920-11-14 The Russian Bolshevik army occupies Sebastopol, ending anti-communist attempts to regain the government of Russia
  • 1920-12-07 USPD-KPD parties merge into Vereinigte Communist Party of Germany
  • 1920-12-29 Yugoslav government bans communist party

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921-01-21 Italian Communist Party founded at Livorno by Amadeo Bordiga and Antonio Gramsci

Marxist Theorist and Politician Antonio Gramsci
Marxist Theorist and Politician
Antonio Gramsci
  • 1921-04-13 Foundation of the Spanish Communist Workers' Party.
  • 1921-07-01 The Communist Party of China is founded and Chen Duxiu elected its leader
  • 1921-07-23 Chinese communist party forms under guidance of Henk Sneevliet
  • 1921-07-30 The Communist Party of South Africa (CPSA) forms; the party changed its name to the South African Communist Party (SACP) in 1953, after it had been forced underground
  • 1921-09-03 KPB, Communist Party of Belgium forms
  • 1921-11-14 The Communist Party of Spain is founded
  • 1921-12-16 The Communist Party of South Africa (CPSA) calls for a united front in a pass burning campaign on Dingaan's Day

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1922-04-03 Joseph Stalin is appointed General Secretary of the Russian Communist Party by an ailing Vladimir Lenin

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1923-02-05 Mass arrests of socialists & communists in Italy
  • 1923-04-07 Workers Party of America (NYC) becomes official communist party

  • 1923-05-19 KPD (communist revolts) in German Ruhr cities occupied by Allies
  • 1923-10-10 Saxony gets Social Democratic & Communist coalition government
  • 1924-01-21 Vladimir Lenin's Testament is handed over to the Communist Party; it calls for changes to the Soviet governing structure and criticizes Joseph Stalin, Leon Trotsky and other members
  • 1924-03-01 Germany's prohibition of Communist Party KPD lifted
  • 1924-05-04 German Republic election: fascists & communists win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924-10-08 British Labour government of Ramsay MacDonald falls to Conservatives

British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald
  • 1924-12-07 German election (Social Democrats win, Nazis & Communists lose)
  • 1925-01-20 The Soviet and Japan sign a convention resuming relations: Russia agrees to limit revolutionary activity of the Third Communist International, while Japan agrees to leave the Sakhalin
  • 1925-02-02 Belgian episcopacy rejects liberalism, communism & socialism
  • 1925-02-12 Estonia bans communist Party
  • 1925-04-16 During the Communist St Nedelya Church assault in Sofia, 150 are killed and 500 wounded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925-04-26 Artist Diego Rivera resigns from the Mexican Communist Party

Painter Diego Rivera
Painter
Diego Rivera

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926-05-22 Chiang Kai-shek replaces communists in Guomindang China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1926-05-22 Dutch Communist Party expels David Wijnkoop
  • 1926-11-09 Italian Communist leader Antonio Gramsci is arrested in Rome
  • 1926-11-13 Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) uprising in Bantam, West Java
  • 1927-01-01 Communist uprising in West Java
  • 1927-03-19 Bloody battles between communists & nazis in Berlin
  • 1927-11-12 Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Soviet Communist Party, paving the way for Joseph Stalin to consolidate complete power
  • 1930-02-03 The Indochinese Communist Party of Vietnam is established
  • 1930-04-04 The Communist Party of Panama is founded
  • 1932-02-12 Communist Party of Holland forms Unemployed Combat Committees
  • 1932-10-09 Soviet leader Joseph Stalin expels Lev Kamenev and Grigory Zinoviev from the Communist Party after a power struggle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933-02-02 Hermann Goering bans Communist meetings/demonstrations in Germany

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1933-02-15 Karl Radek praises invincible force of German communist party
  • 1933-02-16 Catholic newspaper Germania warns against Nazis and communists
  • 1933-02-24 Final demonstration of German communist party in Berlin

Famous PhotoReichstag Fire

1933-02-27 The Reichstag, German parliament building, destroyed by fire; possibly set by the Nazis, who blame and execute Martin van der Lubbe, a Dutch Communist
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The Reichstag building in Berlin, housing the German Parliament, on fire during the night of February 27, 1933.
The Reichstag building in Berlin, housing the German Parliament, on fire during the night of February 27, 1933.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933-02-28 After the Reichstag Fire Decree, the German Communist Party (KPD) is essentially outlawed (though not formally banned) after the German government blames the Communists for burning down the Reichstag building

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1933-03-09 Bulgarian communists Dimitrov, Popov & Vassili arrested in Berlin
  • 1933-05-27 Austrian communist party banned
  • 1933-09-03 Yevgeniy Abalakov reaches the highest point of the Soviet Union - Communism Peak (7495 m)
  • 1933-09-25 5th "extermination campaign" against communists in Nanjing China
  • 1933-11-29 Japan begins persecution of communists
  • 1934-07-27 French socialist/communist party of People's Front forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935-10-20 Communist forces end their Long March at Yan'an, in Shaanxi, China, bringing Mao Zedong to prominence

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • 1935-12-04 1,200 at St Joseph's College (Philadelphia) enroll in anticommunism class
  • 1935-12-31 CPH becomes Dutch Communist Party
  • 1936-01-16 Spanish socialists, communists and anarchists form Unidad Popular

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936-08-24 FDR gives the FBI the authority to pursue fascists and communists

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1936-12-25 Belgian bishops condemn fascism & communism
  • 1937-03-19 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Divini redemptoris against communism
  • 1940-05-04 21 "not neutral" nazis & communists arrested in Netherlands
  • 1940-06-16 Communist government installed in Lithuania
  • 1940-07-20 Germany occupiers forbid Dutch Communist Party (CPN) in Netherlands
  • 1941-01-07 Chinese Kuomintang forces under orders from Chiang Kai-shek open fire on the surrounded Communist New Fourth Army at Maolin, Anhui Province, killing or capturing 7,000 troops
  • 1941-01-17 Chiang Kai-shek disbands the Communist New Fourth Army after the New Fourth Army incident at Maolin, Anhui Province between the nationalist and communist armies leaves many dead
  • 1941-01-20 Chinese Communist leaders re-organize the New Fourth Army in defiance of Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek's order for it to be disbanded
  • 1941-01-21 British communist newspaper "Daily Worker" banned
  • 1941-06-22 Various Communist and Socialist French Resistance movements merge to one group
  • 1941-07-04 Politburo of Yugoslav communist party reorganizes
  • 1941-11-08 The Albanian Communist Party is founded.
  • 1943-06-18 SS Police in Amsterdam sentence for 12 resistance fighter to death (Jewish, communists, homosexuality) at the census bureau
  • 1944-02-29 5 leaders of Indonesia Communist Party sentenced to death
  • 1944-04-02 Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party returns to Italy from the Soviet Union
  • 1944-04-04 De Gaulle forms new regime in exile, with communists
  • 1944-04-20 Dutch Communist Party resistance fighter John Postma sentence to death
  • 1944-05-08 33 communist resistance fighter sentenced to death
  • 1944-05-20 US Communist Party dissolves
  • 1944-09-09 Red Army supports coup in Bulgaria, instituting new Communist government (1946-1990) during the "National Uprising"
  • 1944-12-03 The Greek Civil War breaks out in a newly-liberated Greece, between communists and royalists
  • 1945-01-14 In Greece, Communists and the British agree to a cease-fire in the struggle to control Athens (and with it Greece)

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestKarl Marx

1818-05-05 Karl Marx, German philosopher (Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital), born in Trier, Prussia (d. 1883)

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • 1820-11-28 Freidrich Engels, German social philosopher (Communism), born in Barmen, Germany (d. 1895)
  • 1857-07-05 Clara Zetkin, German feminist, Socialist, and Communist leader, born in Wiederau, Saxony (d. 1933)
  • 1869-09-20 Marcel Cachin, French politician and co-founder of the French Communist Party, born in Plourivo, Côtes d'Armor, France (d. 1958)
  • 1873-01-02 Anton Pannekoek, Dutch astronomer/marxist theorist (Communist Tactics)
  • 1875-11-07 Mikhail Kalinin, Soviet communist leader and statesman, born in Verkhnyaya Troitsa, Russia (d. 1946) [OS]
  • 1876-01-03 Wilhelm Pieck, co-founder German Communist Party/pres (1949-60)
  • 1881-02-25 William Foster, Mass, Communist Presidential candidate (1924,28,32)
  • 1881-10-05 Otto V. Kuusinen, Finnish politician (founder of the Finnish Communist Party), born in Laukaa, Finland (d. 1964)
  • 1883-07-10 Sam Wood, American communist fighter and director (For Whom the Bell Tolls), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1949)
  • 1884-12-28 Joseph Pholien, Belgian premier (1950-52)/communist hunter
  • 1886-03-05 Dong Biwu, High-ranking member of the Communist Party of China (d. 1975)
  • 1886-04-16 Ernst Thälmann, German communist presidential candidate, born in Hamburg, German Empire (d. 1944)
  • 1888-10-06 Li Ta-chao, co-founder with Mao Zedong (Chinese Communist Party)
  • 1890-01-04 Mosa Pijade, Yugoslavia, MP (communist)
  • 1890-03-03 Norman Bethune, Canadian doctor, communist and humanitarian (Spanish Civil War, Second Sino-Japanese War), born in Gravenhurst, Ontario (d. 1939)

Person of interestHo Chi Minh

1890-05-19 Ho Chi Minh [Nguyễn Sinh Cung], Vetnamese communist revolutionary and President of North Vietnam (1946-69), born in Nghệ An Province, French Indochina (d. 1969)

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh
  • 1890-06-25 Hans Marchwitza, German writer and communist, born in Scharley, Upper Silesia (d. 1965)
  • 1890-08-04 Erich Weinert, German communist writer, born in Magdeburg (d. 1953)
  • 1890-12-22 Harry Pollitt, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Great Britain, born in Droylsden, United Kingdom (d. 1960)
  • 1892-03-29 Jozsef Mindszenty József Pehm], Hungarian cardinal who opposed fascism and communism in Hungary, born in Csehimindszent, Hungary (d. 1975)

Person of interestJosip Broz Tito

1892-05-07 Josip Broz Tito, Yugoslav communist revolutionary and leader of Yugoslavia (1943-80), born in Kumrovec, Hrvatsko Zagorje, Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia (d. 1980)

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • 1893-02-13 Ana Pauker-Rabensohn, Romania, communist/foreign minister (1945-52)
  • 1893-03-26 Palmiro Togliatti, Italian politician and founder of the Communist Party of Italy, born in Genoa, Italy (d. 1964)

Person of interestMao Zedong

1893-12-26 Mao Zedong, Chinese revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party of China (1949-76), born in Shaoshan, Hunan (d. 1976)

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong

Person of interestNikita Khrushchev

1894-04-15 Nikita Khrushchev, First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1953-64), born in Kalinovka, Russia (d. 1971)

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1895-12-14 Paul Éluard, French communist and poet, born in Saint-Denis, France (d. 1952)
  • 1897-03-05 Set Persson, Swedish communist politician (d. 1960)
  • 1897-04-28 Ye Jianying, Chinese communist general and politician (Head of State of the People's Republic of China 1978-83), born in Jiaying, Guangdong, Qing Empire (d. 1986)
  • 1898-07-18 Herbert Marcuse, German-American communist philosopher (Eros & Civilization), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1979)
  • 1899-02-07 Arvid Pelshe, Latvian Communist leader, CPSU Politburo member
  • 1899-06-02 Tan Malaka, Indonesian philosopher and founder (Indonesian Communist), born in Limapuluh Koto, Dutch East Indies (d. 1949)
  • 1899-07-19 Paul de Groot, Dutch communist politician (CPN) and editor (The Truth), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1986)
  • 1900-04-28 Maurice Thorez, French politician and secretary-general (French Communist Party), born in Noyelles-Godault, Pas-de-Calais, France (d. 1964)
  • 1900-11-04 Lucreţiu Pătrăşcanu, Romanian communist activist and sociologist, born in Bacău, Romania (d. 1954)
  • 1901-08-26 Chen Yi, Chinese communist military commander and politician (d. 1972)
  • 1902-12-20 Sidney Hook, American philosopher (Paradoxes of Freedom), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1904-02-14 Hertha Kuusinen, Finnish communist
  • 1904-10-01 A.K. Gopalan, Indian communist leader (d. 1977)
  • 1905-02-06 Władysław Gomułka, Polish communist politician, born in Krosno, Poland (d. 1982)
  • 1905-06-13 Chen Yun, Chinese political leader during and after the Chinese Civil War, considered one of the Eight Elders of the Communist Party of China, born in Qingpu, Shanghai, China (d. 1995)
  • 1905-11-22 James Burnham, philosopher (Coming Defeat of Communism)
  • 1906-07-11 Herbert Wehner, German communist/anti-communist politician (SPD)
  • 1906-09-08 Andrei Kirilenko, Russian member of Central Committee of Communist Party, born in Alexeyevka, Voronezh Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1990)
  • 1907-05-15 Phillip Piratin, communist
  • 1907-12-05 Lin Biao, Chinese Communist Marshal during the Civil War and party leader, born in Huanggang, Hubei, Qing Empire (d. 1971)
  • 1908-03-02 Jan Brasser, Dutch resistance fighter (Witte Ko)/communist
  • 1908-07-12 Ernest Burnelle, Belgian politician (Communist Party of Belgium (PCB)), born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1968)
  • 1909-01-13 Marinus van der Lubbe, Dutch communist

Person of interestKwame Nkrumah

1909-09-21 Kwame Nkrumah, 1st Prime Minister of Ghana (1957-60) and 1st President of Ghana (1960-66), born in Nkroful, Gold Coast (Ghana) (d. 1972)

First President of Ghana Kwame Nkrumah
First President of Ghana
Kwame Nkrumah

Person of interestJoseph McCarthy

1909-11-14 Joseph McCarthy, American Senator (Rep - Wisconsin) who claimed communists infiltrated the US government, born in Grand Chute, Wisconsin (d. 1957)

US Senator Joseph McCarthy
US Senator
Joseph McCarthy
  • 1910-10-08 Gus Hall, American union organizer and head of the U.S. Communist Party, born in Cherry Township, Minnesota (d. 2000)
  • 1911-05-14 J Borremans, Belgian politician (communist)/MP
  • 1911-08-27 Patience Edney, British nurse and communist, born in Orpington, Kent, England (d. 1996)
  • 1911-09-07 Todor Zjivkov, Bulgaria communist leader of the People's Republic of Bulgaria (PRB), born in Pravets, Kingdom of Bulgaria (d. 1998)
  • 1911-09-16 Wilfred Burchett, Australian communist and writer (Catapult to Freedom), born in Clifton Hill, Melbourne (d. 1983)

Person of interestKonstantin Chernenko

1911-09-24 Konstantin Chernenko, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1984-85), born in Bolshaya Tes, Yeniseysk Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1985)

Soviet General Secretary Konstantin Chernenko
Soviet General Secretary
Konstantin Chernenko
  • 1911-12-24 Malcolm MacEwen, Scottish conservationist & communist activist, born in Inverness, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • 1912-09-27 Gerben Wagenaar, Dutch resistance fighter and communist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1993)
  • 1913-01-06 Edward Gierek, Polish communist politician, born in Porąbka, Poland (d. 2001)
  • 1913-09-12 Ben Polak, Dutch physician, communist and resistance fighter, born in Nijmegen, Netherlands (d. 1993)
  • 1913-11-10 Alvaro Cunhal, Portuguese politician and writer, born in Coimbra, Portugal (d. 2005)

Person of interestJiang Qing

1914-03-19 Jiang Qing [Madame Mao], Chinese communist and wife of Mao Zedong, born in Zhucheng, Shandong, China (d. 1991)

Chinese Communist & Wife of Mao Zedong Jiang Qing
Chinese Communist & Wife of Mao Zedong
Jiang Qing

Person of interestYuri Andropov

1914-06-15 Yuri Andropov, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1982-84) and KGB Chief (1967-82), born in Nagutskaya, Stavropol Region, Russian Empire (d. 1984)

Soviet General Secretary Yuri Andropov
Soviet General Secretary
Yuri Andropov
  • 1915-06-02 Alexandru Nicolschi, Russian communist (d. 1992)

Person of interestEthel Rosenberg

1915-09-25 Ethel Rosenberg, American communist, born in New York City, New York (d. 1953)

Soviet Spy Ethel Rosenberg
Soviet Spy
Ethel Rosenberg
  • 1916-01-07 Elena Ceausescu, wife of Romania's Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu (d. 1989)
  • 1916-04-04 Nikola Ljubičić, President of the Presidency of Serbia (1982-84) and Communist politician, born in Karan, Užice, Kingdom of Serbia (d. 2005)
  • 1918-01-07 Alessadro Natta, Italian political leader (Communist Party)

Person of interestNicolae Ceausescu

1918-01-26 Nicolae Ceausescu, Communist dictator of Romania (1967-89), born in Scornicești, Romania (d. 1989)

Dictator of Romania Nicolae Ceausescu
Dictator of Romania
Nicolae Ceausescu
  • 1918-03-17 Józef Franczak, Polish soldier and anti-communist resistance fighter who was the last cursed soldiers, born in Kozice Górne, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1963)
  • 1918-07-09 Rowley Israel Arenstein, South African attorney and communist
  • 1920-03-05 José Aboulker, Jewish Communist
  • 1920-06-07 Georges Marchais, French political leader (French Communist Party), born in La Hoguette, France (d. 1997)
  • 1920-09-16 Hannie Schaft, Dutch communist resistance fighter known as the "Girl with red hair", born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • 1920-12-10 Stanko Todorov, Bulgarian communist politician, Prime Minister of Bulgaria (1971-81), born in Klenovik (d. 1996)

Person of interestHua Guofeng

1921-02-16 Hua Guofeng, Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (1976-81) and Premier of the People's Republic of China (1976-80), born in Jiaocheng County, Shanxi (d. 2008)

Paramount Leader of China Hua Guofeng
Paramount Leader of China
Hua Guofeng

Person of interestAlexander Dubček

1921-11-27 Alexander Dubček, Czechoslovak politician who headed the Czech Communist Party and was deposed after a Soviet invasion, born in Uhrovec, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia)

Leader of Czechoslovakia Alexander Dubček
Leader of Czechoslovakia
Alexander Dubček
  • 1922-02-10 Árpád Göncz, Hungarian politician, 1st post-communist President (1990-2000), born in Budapest (d. 2015)
  • 1922-05-15 Enrico Berlinguer, Italian communist/Secretary-General (CPI) [or May 25]
  • 1923-07-30 Dipa Nusantara Aidit, Indonesian communist leader of PKI (1951-65), born in Belitung Island, Dutch East Indies (d. 1965)
  • 1924-02-06 Paolo Volponi, Italian communist & author (Road to Rome), born in Urbino, Italy (d. 1994)
  • 1924-06-17 Henk Hoekstra, Dutch politician (Dutch Communist Party), born in Amsterdam (d. 2009)

Person of interestJiang Zemin

1926-08-17 Jiang Zemin, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (1989-2002) and President of the People's Republic of China (1993-2003), born in Yangzhou, Jiangsu

Paramount Leader of China Jiang Zemin
Paramount Leader of China
Jiang Zemin
  • 1929-07-25 Somnath Chatterjee, Indian communist leader, born in Tezpur, India
  • 1929-08-21 Ahmed "Kathy" Kathrada, South African anti-apartheid activist and politician, born in Schweizer-Reneke (d. 2017)
  • 1930-08-01 Károly Grósz, Hungarian communist politician, born in Miskolc, Hungary (d. 1996)

Person of interestMikhail Gorbachev

1931-03-02 Mikhail Gorbachev, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1985-91), born in Stavropol, Russia

Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet General Secretary
Mikhail Gorbachev
  • 1931-04-22 Henk Gortzak [Hendricus Gortzak], Dutch carpenter and politician (CPN/PSP), born in Amsterdam (d. 1989)
  • 1931-07-27 Khieu Samphan, Cambodian communist politician, born in Rumduol, Svay Rieng, French Protectorate of Cambodia
  • 1935-07-25 Lars Werner, Swedish communist leader, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2013)
  • 1937-03-19 Egon Krenz, former East German folitician and last communist leader of East Germany (1989), born in Kolberg, Nazi Germany
  • 1938-02-07 S. Ramachandran Pillai, Indian communist leader
  • 1939-02-08 José Maria Sison, Filipino communist
  • 1942-06-28 "Chris" Martin Thembisile Hani, Secretary-General (South African Communist Party), born in Cofimvaba, Transkei, South Africa (d. 1993)

Person of interestHu Jintao

1942-12-21 Hu Jintao, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (2002-12) and President of the People's Republic of China (2003-13), born in Taizhou, Jiangsu

Paramount Leader of China Hu Jintao
Paramount Leader of China
Hu Jintao
  • 1945-05-05 Jiří Svoboda, Czech director and politician (2nd Chairman of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia), born in Kladno, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia
  • 1948-04-27 Amrit Kumar Bohara, Nepalese politician, leader of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)
  • 1949-03-01 Zoia Ceauşescu, Romanian mathematician and daughter of Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu
  • 1951-09-04 Nicu Ceaușescu, youngest child of Romanian Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu and considered the President's heir apparent, born in Scornicești, Romania

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

1926-10-18 Communist revolutionary leader Ho Chi Minh (36) weds midwife Zeng Xueming (21) in Guangzhou

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh

LoveWedding of Interest

1934-02-24 High-ranking member of British intelligence Kim Philby (22) weds communist Litzi Friedmann in Vienna, Austria


Famous Deaths


Person of interestKarl Marx

1883-03-14 Karl Marx, German philosopher (Communist Manifesto), dies at 64

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • 1895-08-05 Freidrich Engels, German social philosopher (Communism), dies at 74
  • 1933-06-20 Clara Zetkin, German feminist, Socialist, and Communist leader, dies at 75
  • 1934-01-10 Marinus van der Lubbe, Dutch communist, beheaded in Berlin at 24
  • 1939-11-12 Norman Bethune, Canadian doctor, communist and humanitarian (Spanish Civil War, Second Sino-Japanese War), dies of blood poisoning from a cut on his finger from operating on a wounded soldier at 49
  • 1940-01-05 Tina Modotti, Italian artist and activist, dies at 45
  • 1942-07-23 Nikola J Vaptsarov, Bulgaria poet/communist, executed at 32
  • 1942-10-16 12, Dutch Communist Party-resistance fighter/3 NVV-hostages, executed
  • 1943-11-27 Ivo Lola Ribar, Croatian communist and partisan (b. 1916)
  • 1944-08-28 Ernst Thälmann, German communist presidential candidate, dies at 58
  • 1945-04-17 Hannie Schaft, Dutch communist resistance fighter known as the "Girl with red hair", executed at 24

Person of interestBenito Mussolini

1945-04-28 Benito Mussolini [Il Duce], Fascist Italian dictator (1922-43), shot by communist partisans at 61

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1948-05-06 43 communist rebels, executed in Athens

BattleWitold Pilecki

1948-05-25 Witold Pilecki, Polish WWII resistance fighter (volunteered to go to Auschwitz, Witold's Report), executed by communist secret police after a show trial at age 47

Polish Resistance Fighter Witold Pilecki
Polish Resistance Fighter
Witold Pilecki
  • 1949-02-14 Yusuf Salman Yusuf, Iraqi-Assyrian communist leader (b. 1901)
  • 1949-02-21 Tan Malaka, Indonesian philosopher and founder (Indonesian Communist), executed at 49
  • 1949-09-22 Sam Wood, American communist fighter and director (For Whom the Bell Tolls), dies at 66
  • 1949-12-16 Traitsjo Kostov, Bulgarian communist vice-premier, executed
  • 1950-08-18 Julien Lahaut, chairman Belgian Communist Party, murdered
  • 1952-11-18 Paul Éluard, French communist and poet, dies at 56
  • 1953-04-20 Erich Weinert, German communist writer, dies at 62
  • 1954-04-17 Lucreţiu Pătrăşcanu, Romanian communist activist and sociologist, dies at 53
  • 1957-03-16 Mosa Pijade, Yugoslavian MP (communist), dies at 67

Person of interestJoseph McCarthy

1957-05-02 Joseph McCarthy, American Senator (Rep - Wisconsin) who claimed communists infiltrated the US government, dies at 48

US Senator Joseph McCarthy
US Senator
Joseph McCarthy
  • 1958-02-12 Marcel Cachin, French politician and co-founder of the French Communist Party, dies at 88
  • 1960-06-27 Harry Pollitt, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Great Britain dies at 69
  • 1960-07-15 Set Persson, Swedish communist politician (b. 1897)
  • 1961-09-01 William S Foster, chairman (US Communist Party, 1945-57), dies at 80
  • 1963-10-21 Józef Franczak, Polish soldier and anti-communist resistance fighter who was the last cursed soldiers, dies in a firefight with 35 functionaries of a ZOMO (paramilitary riot police) at 45
  • 1964-05-17 Otto V. Kuusinen, Finnish politician (founder of the Finnish Communist Party), dies at 82
  • 1964-07-11 Maurice Thorez, French politician and secretary-general (French Communist Party), dies at 64
  • 1964-08-21 Palmiro Togliatti, Italian politician and founder of the Communist Party of Italy, dies of a cerebral hemorrhage at 71
  • 1965-01-17 Hans Marchwitza, German writer and communist, dies at 75
  • 1965-04-03 Ernst Kirchweger, Austrian communist and resistance fighter (born 1897 or 1898)
  • 1965-10-22 Dipa Nusantara Aidit, Indonesian communist leader of PKI (1951-65), murdered at 42
  • 1968-01-04 Joseph Pholien, Belgian PM (1950-52) communist fighter, dies at 83
  • 1968-02-08 J Borremans, Belgian politician (Communist), dies at 56
  • 1968-08-06 Ernest Burnelle, Belgian politician (Communist Party of Belgium (PCB)), dies at 60

Person of interestHo Chi Minh

1969-09-02 Ho Chi Minh [Nguyễn Sinh Cung], Vietnamese communist revolutionary and President of North Vietnam (1946-69), dies at 79 of heart failure

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh
  • 1970-03-29 Anna Louise Strong, American communist journalist (b. 1885)
  • 1971-09-13 Lin Biao, Chinese Communist Marshal during the Civil War and party leader, dies in a plane crash at 63, possibly while fleeing from a botched coup against Mao
  • 1973-06-27 Earl Browder, leader US Communist Party (1930-45), dies at 82
  • 1974-03-19 Hertha Kuusinen, Finnish communist/daughter of Otto K, dies at 70
  • 1975-05-06 József Mindszenty [József Pehm], Hungarian cardinal who opposed fascism and communism in Hungary, dies at 83
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • 1977-03-22 A.K. Gopalan, Indian Communist leader (b. 1904)
  • 1979-07-29 Herbert Marcuse, German-American communist philosopher (Eros & Civilization), dies at 81

Person of interestJosip Broz Tito

1980-05-04 Josip Broz Tito, Yugoslav communist revolutionary and leader of Yugoslavia (1943-80), dies at 87

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • 1983-09-27 Wilfred Burchett, Australian communist and writer (Catapult to Freedom), dies at 72

Person of interestYuri Andropov

1984-02-09 Yuri Andropov, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1982-84) and KGB Chief (1967-82), dies of total renal failure at 69

Soviet General Secretary Yuri Andropov
Soviet General Secretary
Yuri Andropov
  • 1984-02-15 Leamon Hunt, American director-General in Sinai, killed by communists
  • 1984-06-11 Enrico Berlinguer, Italian National Secreatary of Italian Communist Party (PCI) , dies at 62

Person of interestKonstantin Chernenko

1985-03-10 Konstantin Chernenko, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1984-85), dies of Emphysema at 73

Soviet General Secretary Konstantin Chernenko
Soviet General Secretary
Konstantin Chernenko
  • 1986-08-03 Paul de Groot, Dutch communist politician (CPN) and editor (The Truth), dies at 87
  • 1986-10-22 Ye Jianying, Chinese communist general and politician (Head of State of the People's Republic of China 1978-83), dies at 89
  • 1987-07-28 James Burnham, philosopher (Coming Defeat of Communism), dies at 81
  • 1987-12-27 Rewi Alley, New Zealand writer (Americans in China, dies at 90
  • 1989-05-03 Edward Ochab, Polish Communist politician (b. 1906)
  • 1989-12-25 Elena Ceausescu, wife of Romania's Communist dictator Nicolae, executed at 73
Dictator of Romania Nicolae Ceausescu
Dictator of Romania
Nicolae Ceausescu
  • 1990-01-19 Herbert Wehner, German ex-communist/chairman (1958-73), dies at 83
  • 1990-05-12 Andrei Kirilenko, Russian member of Central Committee of Communist Party, dies at 83
  • 1992-05-25 Viktor Grishin, hardline soviet communist, dies at 78, dies

Person of interestAlexander Dubček

1992-11-07 Alexander Dubček, Czechoslovak politician who headed the Czech Communist Party and was deposed after a Soviet invasion, dies at 70 from injuries sustained in a car crash

Leader of Czechoslovakia Alexander Dubček
Leader of Czechoslovakia
Alexander Dubček
  • 1993-02-08 N. Shanmugathasan, Sri Lankan communist leader
  • 1993-04-10 Chris Hani, Secretary-General South Africian Communist Party, assassinated at 50
  • 1993-05-16 Madan Kumar Bhandari, Nepalese politician (Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)), dies at 41
  • 1993-07-11 Deng Yingchao, high ranking communist China official, dies at 88
  • 1993-07-24 Ben Polak, Dutch physician, communist and resistance fighter, dies at 79
  • 1993-09-01 Gerben Wagenaar, Dutch resistance fighter and communist, dies at 80
  • 1993-11-14 Sanzo Nosaka, co-founder of Japanese Communist Party (1922), dies
  • 1994-07-04 Tawfik Ziad, Palestinian communist/Israeli MP/mayor of Nazareth, dies
  • 1994-08-23 Paolo Volponi, Italian communist/author (Machina Mondiale), dies at 70
  • 1994-10-22 Fabio Grobart, founder (Cuban Communist Party), dies
  • 1995-04-10 Chen Yun, Chinese political leader during and after the Chinese Civil War, considered one of the Eight Elders of the Communist Party of China, dies at 89
  • 1995-12-10 Phillip Piratin, communist, dies at 88
  • 1996-01-07 Károly Grósz, Hungarian communist politician, dies at 65
  • 1996-09-25 Nicu Ceaușescu, youngest child of Romanian Communist Dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu and considered the President's heir apparent, dies of cirrhosis at 45
  • 1996-11-06 Patience Edney, British nurse and communist, dies at 85
  • 1996-12-17 Stanko Todorov, Bulgarian communist politician, Prime Minister of Bulgaria (1971-81), dies at 76

Person of interestDeng Xiaoping

1997-02-19 Deng Xiaoping, Chinese revolutionary and paramount leader of China (1978-92), dies of a lung infection and Parkinson's disease at 92

Paramount Leader of China Deng Xiaoping
Paramount Leader of China
Deng Xiaoping
  • 1997-04-15 Zdenek Mlynar, Czech politician (secretary of the Czechoslovak communist party, 1968–70), dies at 66
  • 1997-11-16 Georges Marchais, French political leader (French Communist Party), dies at 77
  • 1998-08-05 Todor Zjivkov, Bulgaria communist leader of the People's Republic of Bulgaria (PRB), dies at 86
  • 2000-10-13 Gus Hall, American union organizer and head of the U.S. Communist Party, dies at 90
  • 2001-02-06 Filemon Lagman, Filipino Communist revolutionary (b. 1953)
  • 2005-01-19 Bill Andersen, New Zealand communist and trade union leader (b. 1924)
  • 2005-04-13 Nikola Ljubičić, President of the Presidency of Serbia (1982-84) & Communist politician, dies at 89
  • 2005-05-22 Charilaos Florakis, Greek politician, long-time General Secretary of the Communist Party of Greece (b. 1914)
  • 2005-10-30 Shamsher Singh Sheri, Indian communist leader (b. 1942)
  • 2006-11-20 Zoia Ceauşescu, Romanian mathematician and daughter of Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu, dies of lung cancer at 57

Person of interestHua Guofeng

2008-08-20 Hua Guofeng, Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (1976-81) and Premier of the People's Republic of China (1976-80), dies at 87

Paramount Leader of China Hua Guofeng
Paramount Leader of China
Hua Guofeng
  • 2010-07-21 Luis Corvalán, Chilean communist leader (b. 1916)
  • 2011-01-08 Vang Pao, charismatic Laotian general who commanded a secret army of his mountain people in a long, losing campaign against Communist insurgents, dies at 81
  • 2011-10-07 Ramiz Alia, the former communist leader and first president of the Albanian pluralist (b. 1925)
  • 2013-01-11 Lars Werner, Swedish communist leader, dies at 77
  • 2015-10-06 Árpád Göncz, Hungarian politician, 1st post-communist President (1990-2000), dies at 93