Today in Communist History (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 296

  • 1945-01-14 In Greece, Communists and the British agree to a cease-fire in the struggle to control Athens (and with it Greece)
  • 1945-03-02 King Michael of Romania gives in to Communist government
  • 1945-03-12 Italy's Communist Party (CPI) calls for armed uprising in Italy
  • 1945-04-04 World War II: Soviet forces liberate Hungary from German occupation, establishing their own communist satellite state. This was celebrated as Liberation Day until 1989.
  • 1945-07-27 US Communist Party forms
  • 1945-08-08 USSR establishes a communist government in North Korea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-10-11 Chinese civil war begins between Kuomintang government led by Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong's Communist Party

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1946-02-01 Republic of Hungary proclaims Zoltán Tildy as its communist president
  • 1946-03-05 Hungarian Communists and Social Democrats co-found the Left Bloc.
  • 1946-05-17 KVP Labor/Communists win 1st post-WW2 Dutch parliamentary elections
  • 1946-11-10 Communists win many seats at French parliamentary election
  • 1947-02-01 Aleide de Gasperi forms Italian government of christian-dems & communists
  • 1947-02-17 Dutch RC bishops publish manifest against "godless communism"
  • 1947-03-07 The Kuomintang and Communist Party of China resume full-fledged Civil War.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947-03-12 US President Harry Truman introduces Truman-doctrine to fight communism

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947-05-08 Polish resistance fighter Witold Pilecki, who had volunteered to be imprisoned in Auschwitz to gain information about the Holocaust, is arrested by Polish communist police

Polish Resistance Fighter Witold Pilecki
Polish Resistance Fighter
Witold Pilecki

  • 1947-05-31 Communists seize power in Hungary
  • 1947-08-31 Hungarian communist party wins election
  • 1947-10-20 HUAC opens hearings into alleged Communist influence in Hollywood
  • 1947-11-17 The U.S. Screen Actors Guild implements an anti-Communist loyalty oath.
  • 1947-11-24 The US House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities finds "Hollywood 10" in contempt because of their refusal to reveal whether they were communists
  • 1947-11-25 The 1st systematic Hollywood blacklist is instituted, denying employment to American entertainment professionals due to alleged Communist ties or sympathies
  • 1947-12-30 King Michael of Romania, forced by Communists abdicates his throne, sending him into exlie
  • 1948-01-17 Trial of 11 US Communist party members begins in NYC
  • 1948-02-20 Czechoslovakia's non-communist minister resigns
  • 1948-02-24 Communist Party seizes complete control of Czechoslovakia
  • 1948-02-25 Communists seize Czechoslovakia and C Gottwald becomes premier
  • 1948-05-25 Polish war hero Witold Pilecki is executed by communist police after a show trial in Warsaw
  • 1948-06-07 Communist complete takeover of Czechoslovakia; President Bernes resigns
  • 1948-07-14 Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot near to the Italian Parliament in an assassination attempt
  • 1948-07-20 US Communist Party chairman William Forster arrested
  • 1948-08-03 FDR advisor Alger Hiss accused of being a "communist"
  • 1948-08-17 Alger Hiss denies ever being a Communist agent
  • 1948-09-01 Communist form North China People's Republic
  • 1948-09-18 Communist Madiun-uprising in Dutch Indies (Muso/Sjarifudin)
  • 1949-02-19 Mass arrests of communists in India

BeatificationExcommunication

1949-07-13 Pope Pius XII excommunicates communist catholics

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • 1949-07-30 British warship HMS Amethyst escapes down Yangtze River, having been refused a safe passage by Chinese Communists after 3-month standoff
  • 1949-09-21 Chinese Communist leaders proclaim the People's Republic of China
  • 1949-10-14 14 US Communist Party leaders convicted of sedition
  • 1949-11-06 Greek civil war ends after 3 years with defeat of communist factions
  • 1949-11-30 Chinese Communists captured Chungking
  • 1950-01-06 Britain recognizes Communist government of China
  • 1950-02-07 Senator Joe McCarthy finds "communists" in US Department of State (equiv. Ministry of Foreign Affairs)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950-02-09 Senator Joseph McCarthy charges State Department infested with 205 communists

US Senator Joseph McCarthy
US Senator
Joseph McCarthy
  • 1950-02-12 Senator Joe McCarthy claims to have list of 205 communist government employees
  • 1950-04-24 US President Harry Truman denies there are communists in the US government
  • 1950-07-17 Suppression of Communism Act comes into force in South Africa
  • 1950-08-18 Julien Lahaut, the chairman of the Communist Party of Belgium is assassinated by far-right elements.
  • 1950-08-27 General Foods blacklists Jean Muir of Aldrich Family for alleged communist sympathies
  • 1950-09-09 Mass arrests of communists in France
  • 1950-09-12 Belgian government dismisses all communist civil servants
  • 1950-11-16 US President Harry Truman proclaims emergency crisis caused by communist threat
  • 1950-12-16 US President Harry Truman proclaims state of emergency against "Communist imperialism"
  • 1951-01-06 Ganghwa massacre: Hundreds of South Korean communist sympathisers are slaughtered
  • 1951-01-30 Belgium refuses to allow communists to make speeches on radio
  • 1951-03-12 Communist troops driven out of Seoul

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951-05-27 Chinese Communists force Dalai Lama to surrender his army to Beijing

14th Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso
14th Dalai Lama
Tenzin Gyatso
  • 1951-06-18 In South Africa, the Suppression of Communism Act commences
  • 1951-12-17 Dutch Communist Party members forbidden to be civil servants
  • 1952-07-22 Poland adopts Communist-imposed Constitution
  • 1952-10-05 19th congress of Communist Party meets in Moscow
  • 1953-07-13 Battle of the Kumsong River begins - last major battle of the Korean war

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953-09-14 Nikita Khrushchev appointed First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, succeeding Malenkov

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet Leader Georgy Malenkov
Soviet Leader
Georgy Malenkov

<b>Republican</b> PartyRepublican Party

1953-12-03 Eisenhower criticizes McCarthy for saying communists are in the Republican Party

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1953-12-09 General Electric announces all Communist employees will be fired

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954-01-01 Yugoslav parliament chairman and Vice President Milovan Djilas criticizes communism

Politician and Writer Milovan Djilas
Politician and Writer
Milovan Djilas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954-04-13 Robert Oppenheimer accused of being a communist

Physicist and Father of the Atomic Bomb Robert Oppenheimer
Physicist and Father of the Atomic Bomb
Robert Oppenheimer
  • 1954-08-11 Formal peace treaty ends over 7 yrs of fighting in Indochina between the French and the Communist Viet Minh
  • 1954-08-24 US President Eisenhower signs Communist Control Act, outlawing the Communist Party, at height of McCarthyism
  • 1954-09-08 SE Asia Treaty Org (SEATO) forms to stop communist spread in SE Asia
  • 1956-01-02 Poujadists/communists win French parliamentary elections
  • 1956-02-25 Nikita Khrushchev denounces Joseph Stalin at the 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
  • 1956-04-06 Polish communist Gomulka freed from prison
  • 1956-08-17 Federal Constitutional Court bans the Communist Party of Germany (KPD) in West Germany
  • 1956-11-05 Dutch Communist Party office of Felix Meritis seized
  • 1957-01-09 Dutch Newspaper Society expels communist daily paper "Truth"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957-06-29 Malenkov, Molotov, Kaganowitsj and Sjepilov leave USSR communist party

Soviet Leader Georgy Malenkov
Soviet Leader
Georgy Malenkov
Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov
  • 1958-03-20 Clandestine Burasi Bizim Radio (communist) begins transmitting
  • 1958-03-20 Greek Clandestine Radio (communist), Voice of Truth 1st transmission
  • 1958-03-27 Nikita Khrushchev becomes Soviet Premier as well as First Secretary of the Communist Party
  • 1958-12-09 Robert W. Welch Jr and 11 other men meet in Indianapolis to form the conservative and anti-Communist John Birch Society
  • 1959-04-13 Vatican edict forbids Roman Catholics from voting for communists
  • 1960-01-30 Dutch communist trade union EVC'58 disbands
  • 1961-03-13 Elizabeth Gurley Finn (70) becomes President of US Communist Party
  • 1961-10-09 US members of communist party obliged to report themselves to police
  • 1961-10-18 Emergency crisis proclaimed in South Vietnam due to communist attack

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961-11-11 Molotov, Malenkov and Kaganovitsj expelled from USSR's communist party

Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Leader Georgy Malenkov
Soviet Leader
Georgy Malenkov

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961-12-02 Fidel Castro declares he's a Marxist & will lead Cuba to Communism

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1962-03-06 US promise Thailand assistance against communist aggression
  • 1962-07-19 Hungarian communist party expels Rákosi & Gero
  • 1962-10-08 Spiegel scandal: Der Spiegel publishes article "Bedingt abwehrbereit" ("Conditionally prepared for defense") about NATO manoeuver called "Fallex 62", uncovering sorry state of West German army. Magazine soon accused of treason.
  • 1963-02-08 1st transmission of Clandestine Voice of Iraqi People (Communist)
  • 1964-08-26 Italian Communist Party selects Luigi Longo as chairman

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1964-10-14 Premier Nikita Khrushchev replaced by Leonid Brezhnev as General Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party

Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet General Secretary
Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1965-03-22 Nicolae Ceausescu is elected General Secretary of the Romanian Communist Party

Dictator of Romania Nicolae Ceausescu
Dictator of Romania
Nicolae Ceausescu
  • 1965-05-24 Supreme Court declares federal law allowing post office to intercept communist propaganda is unconstitutional
  • 1965-07-03 Harold Strachan, member of the Communist Party of South Africa and Umkhonto we Sizwe, the armed wing of the African National Congress, is served with a restriction order in terms of the Suppression of Communism Act
  • 1965-10-20 Mass arrests of communists in Indonesia

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestHu Jintao

1942-12-21 Hu Jintao, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (2002-12) and President of the People's Republic of China (2003-13), born in Taizhou, Jiangsu

Paramount Leader of China Hu Jintao
Paramount Leader of China
Hu Jintao
  • 1945-05-05 Jiří Svoboda, Czech director and politician (2nd Chairman of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia), born in Kladno, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia
  • 1945-11-05 Aleka Papariga, Greek politician (General Secretary of Communist Party of Greece 1991-2013), born in Athens, Greece
  • 1948-04-27 Amrit Kumar Bohara, Nepalese politician, leader of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)
  • 1949-03-01 Zoia Ceauşescu, Romanian mathematician and daughter of Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu
  • 1951-09-04 Nicu Ceaușescu, youngest child of Romanian Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu and considered the President's heir apparent, born in Scornicești, Romania
  • 1952-06-27 Madan Kumar Bhandari, Nepalese politician (Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)), born in Taplejung, Nepal (d. 1993)
  • 1953-03-17 Filemon Lagman, Filipino communist revolutionary (d. 2001)

Person of interestXi Jinping

1953-06-15 Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (2012-) and President of the People's Republic of China (2013-), born in Beijing

Paramount Leader of China Xi Jinping
Paramount Leader of China
Xi Jinping

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths

  • 2005-10-30 Shamsher Singh Sheri, Indian communist leader (b. 1942)
  • 2006-11-20 Zoia Ceauşescu, Romanian mathematician and daughter of Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu, dies of lung cancer at 57

Person of interestHua Guofeng

2008-08-20 Hua Guofeng, Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (1976-81) and Premier of the People's Republic of China (1976-80), dies at 87

Paramount Leader of China Hua Guofeng
Paramount Leader of China
Hua Guofeng
  • 2010-07-21 Luis Corvalán, Chilean communist leader (b. 1916)
  • 2011-01-08 Vang Pao, charismatic Laotian general who commanded a secret army of his mountain people in a long, losing campaign against Communist insurgents, dies at 81
  • 2011-10-07 Ramiz Alia, the former communist leader and first president of the Albanian pluralist (b. 1925)
  • 2013-01-11 Lars Werner, Swedish communist leader, dies at 77
  • 2015-10-06 Árpád Göncz, Hungarian politician, 1st post-communist President (1990-2000), dies at 93