On This Day

Communist History (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 302

  • 1944-12-03 The Greek Civil War breaks out in a newly-liberated Greece, between communists and royalists
  • 1945-01-14 In Greece, Communists and the British agree to a cease-fire in the struggle to control Athens (and with it Greece)
  • 1945-03-02 King Michael of Romania gives in to Communist government
  • 1945-03-12 Italy's Communist Party (CPI) calls for armed uprising in Italy
  • 1945-04-04 World War II: Soviet forces liberate Hungary from German occupation, establishing their own communist satellite state. This was celebrated as Liberation Day until 1989.
  • 1945-07-27 US Communist Party forms
  • 1945-08-08 USSR establishes a communist government in North Korea

Historic Event

1945-10-11 Chinese civil war begins between Kuomintang government led by Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong's Communist Party

  • 1946-02-01 Republic of Hungary proclaims Zoltán Tildy as its communist president
  • 1946-03-05 Hungarian Communists and Social Democrats co-found the Left Bloc.
  • 1946-05-17 KVP Labor/Communists win 1st post-WW2 Dutch parliamentary elections
  • 1946-11-10 Communists win many seats at French parliamentary election
  • 1947-02-01 Aleide de Gasperi forms Italian government of christian-dems & communists
  • 1947-02-17 Dutch RC bishops publish manifest against "godless communism"
  • 1947-03-07 The Kuomintang and Communist Party of China resume full-fledged Civil War.

Historic Event

1947-03-12 US President Harry Truman introduces Truman-doctrine to fight communism

Historic Event

1947-05-08 Polish resistance fighter Witold Pilecki, who had volunteered to be imprisoned in Auschwitz to gain information about the Holocaust, is arrested by Polish communist police

  • 1947-05-31 Communists seize power in Hungary
  • 1947-08-31 Hungarian communist party wins election
  • 1947-10-20 HUAC opens hearings into alleged Communist influence in Hollywood
  • 1947-11-17 The U.S. Screen Actors Guild implements an anti-Communist loyalty oath.
  • 1947-11-24 The US House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities finds "Hollywood 10" in contempt because of their refusal to reveal whether they were communists
  • 1947-11-25 The 1st systematic Hollywood blacklist is instituted, denying employment to American entertainment professionals due to alleged Communist ties or sympathies
  • 1947-12-30 King Michael of Romania, forced by Communists abdicates his throne, sending him into exlie
  • 1948-01-17 Trial of 11 US Communist party members begins in NYC
  • 1948-02-20 Czechoslovakia's non-communist minister resigns
  • 1948-02-25 Communists seize control of Czechoslovakian government and Klement Gottwald becomes premier
  • 1948-05-25 Polish war hero Witold Pilecki is executed by communist police after a show trial in Warsaw
  • 1948-06-07 Communist complete takeover of Czechoslovakia; President Bernes resigns
  • 1948-07-14 Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot near to the Italian Parliament in an assassination attempt
  • 1948-07-20 US Communist Party chairman William Forster arrested
  • 1948-08-03 FDR advisor Alger Hiss accused of being a "communist"
  • 1948-08-17 Alger Hiss denies ever being a Communist agent
  • 1948-09-01 Communist form North China People's Republic
  • 1948-09-18 Communist Madiun-uprising in Dutch Indies (Muso/Sjarifudin)
  • 1949-02-19 Mass arrests of communists in India

Excommunication

1949-07-13 Pope Pius XII excommunicates communist catholics

  • 1949-07-30 British warship HMS Amethyst escapes down Yangtze River, having been refused a safe passage by Chinese Communists after 3-month standoff
  • 1949-09-21 Chinese Communist leaders proclaim the People's Republic of China
  • 1949-10-14 14 US Communist Party leaders convicted of sedition
  • 1949-11-06 Greek civil war ends after 3 years with defeat of communist factions
  • 1949-11-30 Chinese Communists captured Chungking
  • 1950-01-06 Britain recognizes Communist government of China
  • 1950-02-07 Senator Joe McCarthy finds "communists" in US Department of State (equiv. Ministry of Foreign Affairs)

Historic Event

1950-02-09 Senator Joseph McCarthy charges State Department infested with 205 communists

  • 1950-02-12 Senator Joe McCarthy claims to have list of 205 communist government employees
  • 1950-04-24 US President Harry Truman denies there are communists in the US government
  • 1950-07-17 Suppression of Communism Act comes into force in South Africa
  • 1950-08-18 Julien Lahaut, the chairman of the Communist Party of Belgium is assassinated by far-right elements.
  • 1950-08-27 General Foods blacklists Jean Muir of Aldrich Family for alleged communist sympathies
  • 1950-09-09 Mass arrests of communists in France
  • 1950-09-12 Belgian government dismisses all communist civil servants
  • 1950-11-16 US President Harry Truman proclaims emergency crisis caused by communist threat
  • 1950-12-16 US President Harry Truman proclaims state of emergency against "Communist imperialism"
  • 1951-01-06 Ganghwa massacre: Hundreds of South Korean communist sympathisers are slaughtered
  • 1951-01-30 Belgium refuses to allow communists to make speeches on radio
  • 1951-03-12 Communist troops driven out of Seoul

Historic Event

1951-05-27 Chinese Communists force Dalai Lama to surrender his army to Beijing

  • 1951-06-18 In South Africa, the Suppression of Communism Act commences
  • 1951-12-17 Dutch Communist Party members forbidden to be civil servants
  • 1952-07-22 Poland adopts Communist-imposed Constitution
  • 1952-10-05 19th congress of Communist Party meets in Moscow

Appointment of Interest

1953-09-14 Nikita Khrushchev appointed First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, succeeding Malenkov

Republican Party

1953-12-03 US President Dwight Eisenhower criticizes Wisconsin Senator Joe McCarthy for saying communists are in the Republican Party

  • 1953-12-09 General Electric announces all Communist employees will be fired

Historic Event

1954-01-01 Yugoslav parliament chairman and Vice President Milovan Djilas criticizes communism

  • 1954-08-11 Formal peace treaty ends over 7 yrs of fighting in Indochina between the French and the Communist Viet Minh
  • 1954-08-24 US President Eisenhower signs Communist Control Act, outlawing the Communist Party, at height of McCarthyism
  • 1954-09-08 SE Asia Treaty Org (SEATO) forms to stop communist spread in SE Asia
  • 1956-01-02 Poujadists/communists win French parliamentary elections
  • 1956-02-25 Nikita Khrushchev denounces Joseph Stalin at the 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
  • 1956-04-06 Polish communist Gomulka freed from prison
  • 1956-08-17 Federal Constitutional Court bans the Communist Party of Germany (KPD) in West Germany
  • 1956-11-05 Dutch Communist Party office of Felix Meritis seized
  • 1957-01-09 Dutch Newspaper Society expels communist daily paper "Truth"

Historic Event

1957-06-29 Malenkov, Molotov, Kaganowitsj and Sjepilov leave USSR communist party

  • 1958-03-20 Clandestine Burasi Bizim Radio (communist) begins transmitting
  • 1958-03-20 Greek Clandestine Radio (communist), Voice of Truth 1st transmission
  • 1958-03-27 Nikita Khrushchev becomes Soviet Premier as well as First Secretary of the Communist Party
  • 1958-12-09 Robert W. Welch Jr and 11 other men meet in Indianapolis to form the conservative and anti-Communist John Birch Society
  • 1959-04-13 Vatican edict forbids Roman Catholics from voting for communists
  • 1960-01-30 Dutch communist trade union EVC'58 disbands

Music History

1960-09-14 Dmitri Shostakovich becomes member of Communist Party of USSR

  • 1961-03-13 Elizabeth Gurley Finn (70) becomes President of US Communist Party
  • 1961-10-09 US members of communist party obliged to report themselves to police
  • 1961-10-18 Emergency crisis proclaimed in South Vietnam due to communist attack

Historic Event

1961-11-11 Molotov, Malenkov and Kaganovitsj expelled from USSR's communist party

Historic Event

1961-12-02 Fidel Castro declares he's a Marxist & will lead Cuba to Communism

  • 1962-03-06 US promise Thailand assistance against communist aggression
  • 1962-07-19 Hungarian communist party expels Rákosi & Gero
  • 1963-02-08 1st transmission of Clandestine Voice of Iraqi People (Communist)
  • 1964-08-26 Italian Communist Party selects Luigi Longo as chairman

Appointment of Interest

1964-10-14 Premier Nikita Khrushchev replaced by Leonid Brezhnev as General Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party

Election of Interest

1965-03-22 Nicolae Ceausescu is elected General Secretary of the Romanian Communist Party

  • 1965-05-24 Supreme Court declares federal law allowing post office to intercept communist propaganda is unconstitutional
  • 1965-07-03 Harold Strachan, member of the Communist Party of South Africa and Umkhonto we Sizwe, the armed wing of the African National Congress, is served with a restriction order in terms of the Suppression of Communism Act
  • 1965-10-20 Mass arrests of communists in Indonesia

Historic Event

1966-01-12 LBJ says US should stay in South Vietnam until communist aggression ends


Famous Birthdays

  • 1938-02-07 S. Ramachandran Pillai, Indian communist leader
  • 1939-02-08 José Maria Sison, Filipino communist
  • 1942-06-28 (Martin) "Chris" Hani, South African politician (Secretary-General of South African Communist Party, 1991-93), born in Cofimvaba, Transkei, South Africa (d. 1993)

Hu Jintao

1942-12-21 Hu Jintao, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (2002-12) and President of the People's Republic of China (2003-13), born in Taizhou, Jiangsu

  • 1945-05-05 Jiří Svoboda, Czech director and politician (2nd Chairman of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia), born in Kladno, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia
  • 1945-11-05 Aleka Papariga, Greek politician (General Secretary of Communist Party of Greece 1991-2013), born in Athens, Greece
  • 1948-04-27 Amrit Kumar Bohara, Nepalese politician, leader of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)
  • 1949-03-01 Zoia Ceauşescu, Romanian mathematician and daughter of Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu
  • 1951-09-04 Nicu Ceaușescu, youngest child of Romanian Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu and considered the President's heir apparent, born in Scornicești, Romania
  • 1952-06-27 Madan Kumar Bhandari, Nepalese politician (Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)), born in Taplejung, Nepal (d. 1993)
  • 1953-03-17 Filemon Lagman, Filipino communist revolutionary (d. 2001)

Xi Jinping

1953-06-15 Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (2012-) and President of the People's Republic of China (2013-), born in Beijing


Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths

  • 1998-08-05 Todor Zjivkov, Bulgaria communist leader of the People's Republic of Bulgaria (PRB), dies at 86
  • 2000-10-13 Gus Hall, American union organizer and head of the U.S. Communist Party, dies at 90
  • 2001-02-06 Filemon Lagman, Filipino Communist revolutionary (b. 1953)
  • 2005-01-19 Bill Andersen, New Zealand communist and trade union leader (b. 1924)
  • 2005-04-13 Nikola Ljubičić, President of the Presidency of Serbia (1982-84) & Communist politician, dies at 89
  • 2005-05-22 Charilaos Florakis, Greek politician, long-time General Secretary of the Communist Party of Greece (b. 1914)
  • 2005-10-30 Shamsher Singh Sheri, Indian communist leader (b. 1942)
  • 2006-11-20 Zoia Ceauşescu, Romanian mathematician and daughter of Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu, dies of lung cancer at 57

Hua Guofeng

2008-08-20 Hua Guofeng, Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (1976-81) and Premier of the People's Republic of China (1976-80), dies at 87

  • 2010-07-21 Luis Corvalán, Chilean communist leader (b. 1916)
  • 2011-01-08 Vang Pao, charismatic Laotian general who commanded a secret army of his mountain people in a long, losing campaign against Communist insurgents, dies at 81
  • 2011-10-07 Ramiz Alia, the former communist leader and first president of the Albanian pluralist (b. 1925)
  • 2013-01-11 Lars Werner, Swedish communist leader, dies at 77
  • 2015-10-06 Árpád Göncz, Hungarian politician, 1st post-communist President (1990-2000), dies at 93

Famous Revolutionaries