On This Day

Communist History (Part 3)

Historical Events

Events 201 - 300 of 302

  • 1966-07-16 Number of banned persons in South Africa totals 936; the individuals are banned under various laws, most prominently the Suppression of Communism and Riotous Assembly Acts

Historic Event

1968-01-05 Alexander Dubček succeeds Antonín Novotný as communist party leader of Czechoslovakia

  • 1968-02-26 Clandestine Radio Voice of Iraqi People (Communist) final transmission
  • 1968-03-10 North Vietnamese and communist Laotion troops overrun a secret US radar facility, Lima Site 85, on a Laos mountaintop
  • 1968-06-30 East German Communist Party leader Walter Ulbricht receives "Order of October Revolution"
  • 1969-01-02 Once influential daily sports newspaper, 'Soviet Sport' declares Czech super-star distance runner Emil Zatopek a "public enemy" after he supports democratic wing of the Communist Party at start of the Prague Spring
  • 1969-03-29 Communist New People's Army founded in the Philippines
  • 1969-04-17 Alexander Dubček forced to resign as first secretary of Czechoslovakia's Communist Party
  • 1969-04-24 Marshall Lin Biao named Mao's designated successor as the sole Vice Chairman of the Communist Party of China
  • 1969-06-05 International communist conference begins in Moscow
  • 1970-01-19 UCLA fires Angela Davis for being a communist
  • 1970-11-16 South Vietnamese Vice President Nguyen Cao Ky defends operations in Cambodia because communist forces could overrun South Vietnam "within 24 hours" if troops operating there were withdrawn
  • 1970-12-20 Edward Gierek succeeds Wladyslaw Gomulka as Poland's communist party leader

Historic Event

1971-04-05 Sri Lanka's communist Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP) launches insurrection against the United Front government of Sirimavo Bandaranaike

  • 1971-05-03 Erich Honecker succeeds Walter Ulbricht as East German communist party leader
  • 1971-10-25 United Nations votes to expel the Chinese Nationalist ruled Taiwan and admit the Communist People's Republic of China
  • 1972-03-05 Greek composer Mikis Theodorakis leaves communist party
  • 1972-04-10 20 days after he was kidnapped in Buenos Aires, Oberdan Sallustro is executed by communist guerrillas
  • 1972-09-28 Japan & Communist China agree to re-establish diplomatic relations

Historic Event

1973-06-25 Russian communist party leader Leonid Brezhnev visits France

  • 1974-03-26 Romanian communist party names party leader Ceausescu president
  • 1975-06-16 Italy's Communist party PCI, wins
  • 1975-08-23 Communists take over Laos
  • 1975-12-03 Laos falls to communist forces; Lao People's Democratic Rep proclaimed
  • 1976-06-21 Italian General Election; Enrico Berlinguer's Communist party win their greatest-ever share of the vote (34.4%)

Historic Event

1976-10-07 Hua Guofeng succeeds Mao as Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China

Historic Event

1976-10-12 Hua Guo-feng succeeds Mao Zedong as chairman of Communist Party

Historic Event

1976-12-02 Communist revolutionary Fidel Castro becomes President of Cuba, replacing Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado

  • 1976-12-26 The Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist) is founded.
  • 1977-03-20 Communists and socialists win French municipal elections
  • 1977-04-09 Communist party in Spain allowed legally after 40 years
  • 1978-10-01 The Voltaic Revolutionary Communist Party is founded.
  • 1979-09-16 The families of Peter Strelzyk and Gunter Wetzel arrive in West Germany from Communist East Germany in a hot air balloon
  • 1979-09-20 The Punjab wing of the Unity Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India (Marxist-Leninist) formally splits and constitutes a parallel UCCRI(ML).
  • 1979-11-08 The Chilean Communist Party (Proletarian Action) is formed.
  • 1979-12-25 Soviet forces invade Afghanistan to prop up the Communist government, beginning a disastrous and failed ten-year war
  • 1980-08-31 The Gdańsk Agreement is signed, allowing Polish citizens to bring democratic changes within the communist political structure
  • 1981-06-21 Socialists and communists win French parliamentary election
  • 1981-06-23 French government of Mauroy forms, with 4 communists

Historic Event

1981-06-29 Hu Yaobang succeeds Hua Guofeng as Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China

  • 1981-06-30 China's Communist Party condemns late Mao Zedong's policy
  • 1981-07-18 Polish communist party selects ex-party leader Edward Gierek
  • 1981-12-13 Poland's authoritarian communist government declares martial law and arrests Solidarity activists in a failed attempt to crush the opposition
  • 1982-02-19 Hanneke Jagersma installed as Neth's 1st Communist mayor
  • 1982-09-06 Dutch Internal minister Mr M Red assigns BVD to spy on communists
  • 1982-10-28 Spain's socialists win/communists lose elections

Historic Event

1984-05-28 George Soros founds the Soros Foundation Budapest to help countries free themselves from communism

  • 1985-05-01 "Communist" bomb attack kills 2 firemen in Brussels
  • 1986-06-29 Moses Mayekiso, former General Secretary of Metal and Allied Workers Union (MAWU) and member of South African Communist Party (SACP), detained for a second time, spends months in solitary confinement

Historic Event

1986-12-16 Revolt in Kazakhstan against Communist party, known as Zheltoksan, which becomes the first sign of ethnic strife during Gorbachev's tenure

  • 1987-01-17 General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party Hu Yaobang is forced to resign, amid demonstrations for greater democracy

Historic Event

1988-01-16 Czech dissident Václav Havel is arrested in Prague for taking part in demonstrations against the communist government

  • 1988-09-26 Polish communist party picks propaganda chief Rakowski as new PM
  • 1989-02-25 1st independent blue-collar labor union in Communist Hungary forms

Appointment of Interest

1989-06-24 Jiang Zemin appointed the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China

  • 1989-08-19 Tadeusz Mazowiecki, elected 1st non-communist president of Poland
  • 1989-10-18 Hungary revises its constitution after the fall of its Communist regime
  • 1989-10-23 Hungary proclaims itself a republic & declares communist rule ended
  • 1989-11-11 Romanian students protest in Bucharest before the Communist Party congress, shouting "we want reforms", in a sign of the revolution to come
  • 1989-11-17 Student demonstration in Prague put down by riot police, leading to an uprising (the Velvet Revolution) that will topple the communist government on Dec. 29
  • 1989-11-24 Communist Party resigns in Czechoslovakia
  • 1989-12-01 East Germany drops communist monopoly from its constitution

Historic Event

1989-12-22 After 23 years of dictatorial rule, Romania ousts Communist dictator Nicolae Ceausescu

  • 1989-12-25 Show trial of Romanian Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu and his wife Elena on charges of genocide and personal enrichment. The couple are found guilty and executed by firing squad the same day.
  • 1990-01-12 Romania bans Communist party (1st Warsaw Pact member to do so)
  • 1990-02-07 USSR Communist party agrees to allow opposition political parties
  • 1990-03-18 1st free elections in East Germany, Conservatives beat Communists
  • 1990-04-28 Last issue of Dutch communist daily De Waarheid (The Truth)

Historic Event

1990-07-12 Boris Yeltsin quits the Soviet Communist Party

  • 1990-07-29 South Africa Communist Party begins 1st legal conference
  • 1991-06-04 1st post WW II non-communist government in Albania
  • 1991-08-19 Conservative members of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union attempt to depose Mikhail Gorbachev in a coup d'état
  • 1991-08-21 Conservative coup in the Soviet Union is crushed by popular resistance led by Boris Yeltsin in three days
  • 1991-08-24 Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as head of USSR Communist Party
  • 1991-08-29 USSR suspends Communist Party activities
  • 1991-11-06 Russian President Boris Yeltsin outlaws the Communist Party
  • 1991-12-31 CPN, Communist Party of Netherland, last day of existence
  • 1992-04-06 A general strike is declared by communist groups in Nepal.
  • 1992-07-13 The Tripartite Alliance, consisting of the African National Congress, South African Communist Party and Congress of South African Trade Union, outlines a mass action plan for August
  • 1993-04-28 Carlo Ciampi forms Italian government with ex-communists
  • 1994-11-15 Nepal Communist party Dutch Communist Party-UML wins election
  • 1994-11-30 Man Mohan Adhikary sworn in as 1st communist premier of Nepal
  • 1994-12-18 Socialist Party (ex-communist) wins Bulgaria parliamentary election
  • 2000-12-19 The Leninist Guerrilla Units wing of the Communist Labour Party of Turkey/Leninist attack a Nationalist Movement Party office in Istanbul, killing one person and injuring three.
  • 2001-01-23 The Chinese Communist Party stages a self-immolation in Tiananmen Square to frame Falun Gong and escalate the persecution.
  • 2002-11-04 Chinese authorities arrest cyber-dissident He Depu for signing pro-democracy letter to the 16th Communist Party Congress

Historic Event

2002-11-15 Hu Jintao becomes the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China

  • 2003-07-07 The United Communist Party of Armenia is formed
  • 2003-11-18 The congress of the Communist Party of Indian Union (Marxist-Leninist) decides to merge the party into Kanu Sanyal's CPI(ML).
  • 2004-05-16 Day of Mourning at Bykivnia forest, just outside of Kyiv, Ukraine where during 1930s and early 1940s communist bolsheviks executed over 100,000 Ukrainian civilians
  • 2004-09-21 The Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) People's War and the Maoist Communist Centre of India merge to form the Communist Party of India (Maoist).
  • 2005-11-29 The new Croatian Communist Party (KPH) is founded in Vukovar.
  • 2006-05-10 Giogio Napolitano is elected President of Italy, first former communist to become President
  • 2011-04-19 Fidel Castro resigns his position of First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba after 45 years of holding the title [1]

Conference of Interest

2017-10-18 19th Chinese Communist Party congress opens in Beijing with President Xi Jinping delivering 3hr 23min speech heralding “new era”

  • 2019-06-04 Biggest protests in Prague since the fall of communism by tens of thousands against Prime Minister Andrej Babis' use of EU subsidies
  • 2019-06-23 Biggest protests in Prague since the fall of communism against Czech Prime Minister Andrej Babis, with estimated 250,000 in Letna Plain park
  • 2019-10-01 China celebrates 70th anniversary of Communism with military parade of 15,000 soldiers in Beijing

Historic Event

2021-04-16 Raúl Castro confirms he is resigning as Cuban Communist Party leader, ending his family's six decade leadership of Cuba

  • 2021-04-19 Cuba's Communist party announces Miguel Díaz-Canel will replace Raúl Castro as party leader, after the latter steps down

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