Today in Feminist History

Historical Events

  • 1792-04-01 Gronings feminist Etta Palm demands women's right to divorce

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1793-11-03 French playwright, journalist and feminist Olympe de Gouges is guillotined

Playwright and Revolutionary Olympe de Gouges
Playwright and Revolutionary
Olympe de Gouges
  • 1881-02-13 The feminist newspaper La Citoyenne is first published in Paris by activist Hubertine Auclert
  • 1897-12-09 Activist Marguerite Durand founds the feminist daily newspaper, La Fronde in Paris.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919-12-21 J. Edgar Hoover deports anarchists/feminist Emma Goldman to Russia

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1963-02-19 "The Feminine Mystique" by Betty Friedan, widely credited as the start of second-wave feminism, is published

MurderAssassination Attempt

1968-06-03 American radical feminist Valerie Solanas attempts to assassinate Andy Warhol by shooting him three times. She is later diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia and pleads guilty to "reckless assault with intent to harm", serving a 3 year sentence.

Pop Artist Andy Warhol
Pop Artist
Andy Warhol
  • 1970-01-23 Member of Dutch feminist group Dolle Mina burn their bras in Amsterdam

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1972-07-01 Feminist magazine "Ms" founded by Gloria Steinem publishes its first issue with Wonder Woman on the cover

Journalist Gloria Steinem
Journalist
Gloria Steinem
  • 1975-05-14 Cult feminist film "Jeanne Dielman, 23 Quai du Commerce, 1080 Bruxelles" written and directed by Chantal Ackerman and starring Delphine Seyrig premieres at Cannes
  • 1993-12-17 Muslims in Bangladesh call for the murder of feminist Taslima Nasrin
  • 1994-07-29 200,000 Muslims demand the death of feminist writer Taslima Nasrin in Bangladesh
  • 2017-12-13 Online dictionery Merriam-Webster's most searched word of the year is Feminism

Famous Birthdays

  • 1651-11-12 Juana Ines de La Cruz, Mexican poet/nun/feminist (Primero Sueno)
  • 1689-05-15 Mary Wortley Montagu, English essayist, feminist, eccentric (baptism 26 May)

Person of interestOlympe de Gouges

1748-05-07 Olympe de Gouges [Marie Gouze], French playwright and revolutionary (Declaration of the Rights of Woman and of the Female Citizen), born in Montauban, France (d. 1793)

Playwright and Revolutionary Olympe de Gouges
Playwright and Revolutionary
Olympe de Gouges

Person of interestMary Wollstonecraft

1759-04-27 Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, English writer and feminist (A Vindication of the Rights of Woman), mother of Mary Shelley, born in London (d. 1797)

Author and Women's Rights Advocate Mary Wollstonecraft
Author and Women's Rights Advocate
Mary Wollstonecraft
  • 1793-01-03 Lucretia Coffin Mott, American teacher/minister/abolitionist/feminist

Person of interestSojourner Truth

1797-11-18 Sojourner Truth [Isabella Baumfree], African-American abolitionist and feminist, born in Swartekill, New York (d. 1883) [birth date is approximate]

Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate
Sojourner Truth
  • 1802-06-12 Harriet Martineau, British controversial journalist, political economist, abolitionist and life-long feminist, born in Norwich, Norfolk, England (d. 1876)
  • 1810-05-23 Margaret Fuller [Ossoli], American feminist and journalist (NY Tribune), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1850)
  • 1819-03-26 Louise Otto-Peters, German suffragist, women's rights movement activist and author (The Wandering Star), born in Meissen, Germany (d. 1895)
  • 1833-03-26 Betsy Perk [Christina Elizabeth], Dutch journalist, writer and pioneer of the Dutch women's movement, born in Delft, Netherlands (d. 1906)
  • 1833-08-03 Auguste Schmidt, German teacher and feminist, born in Breslau, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1836-04-24 Jeltje de Bosch Kemper, Dutch feminist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1916)
  • 1836-10-04 Juliette Adam, French author (Salon/Nouvelle Revue) and feminist, born in Verberie, Oise, France (d. 1936)
  • 1837-04-21 Fredrik Bajer, Danish politician, feminist and pacifist politician (Nobel 1908), born in Næstved, Denmark (d. 1922)

Person of interestVictoria Woodhull

1838-09-23 Victoria Woodhull, American civil rights activist (1872 presidential candidate, woman's suffrage movement), born in Homer, Ohio (d. 1927)

Civil Rights Activist Victoria Woodhull
Civil Rights Activist
Victoria Woodhull
  • 1839-09-25 Mina Kruseman, Dutch writer and feminist, born in Velp, Netherlands (d. 1922)
  • 1840-01-21 Sophia Louisa Jex-Blake, Hastings, English Physician and feminist who was one of the first female medical students at a British university
  • 1842-05-07 Isla van Diest, Belgian physician, 1st female doctor and 1st female university graduate in Belgium, born in Louvain, Belgiun (d. 1916)
  • 1847-09-30 Wilhelmina E Drucker, [Lensing], Dutch feminist
  • 1848-04-09 Helene Lange, German feminist (honoured with the Grand Prussian State Medal), born in Oldenburg, Germany (d. 1930)
  • 1849-12-11 Ellen Key, Swedish author and feminist (Courageous Woman), born in Gladhammar Parish, Västervik Municipality, Sweden (d. 1926)
  • 1857-07-05 Clara Zetkin, German feminist, Socialist, and Communist leader, born in Wiederau, Saxony (d. 1933)
  • 1860-07-03 Charlotte Perkins Gilman, American feminist, writer and lecturer for social reform, born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1935)

Person of interestJane Addams

1860-09-06 Jane Addams, American pacifist, social worker and feminist (Nobel 1931), born in Cedarville, Illinois (d. 1935)

Social Worker and Nobel Laureate Jane Addams
Social Worker and Nobel Laureate
Jane Addams
  • 1864-01-24 Marguerite Durand, French feminist leader (d. 1936)
  • 1865-07-02 Lily Braun, German feminist and socialist writer (Im Schatten Titanen), born in Halberstadt, Saxony, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1916)
  • 1867-01-08 Emily Green Balch, American sociologist/feminist/pacifist (Nobel 1946)
  • 1868-09-09 Mary Austin, Ill, feminist/nature writer (Land of Little Rain)
  • 1869-11-13 Helene Stöcker, German feminist, pacifist and publicist, born in Elberfeld, Germany (d. 1943)
  • 1869-11-13 Ariadna Tyrkova-Williams, Russian writer and feminist, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1962)
  • 1871-05-18 Franiska [Franny] zu Reventlow, German writer and feminist, born in Husum, Germany (d. 1918)
  • 1875-11-08 Qiu Jin, Chinese revolutionary, feminist, and writer considered a national heroine in China, born in Shanyin, Shaoxing, Qing Dynasty (d. 1907)
  • 1876-08-14 Sibilla Aleramo [Rina Faccio], Italian feminist and poet (Una Donna), born in Alessandria, Italy (d. 1960)

Person of interestNancy Astor

1879-05-19 Nancy Astor, American born British politician, 1st female MP in UK House of Commons, born in Danville, Virginia (d. 1964)

1st Female MP in the United Kingdom Nancy Astor
1st Female MP in the United Kingdom
Nancy Astor

Person of interestMargaret Sanger

1879-09-14 Margaret Sanger, American nurse, birth control proponent and feminist, born in Corning, New York (d. 1966)

  • 1882-05-05 Sylvia Pankhurst, English feminist and suffragette, born in Old Trafford, Manchester, England (d. 1960)
  • 1884-06-17 Christine Bakker-van Bosse, Dutch feminist and pacifist, born in Batavia (d. 1973)
  • 1884-12-06 Rose Schneiderman, American socialist, feminist, trade union leader and secretary of labor for New York State (1937-44), born in Sawin, Poland (d. 1972)
  • 1885-08-17 Clara [G Meijer-]Wichmann, German anarchists/feminist (Wife & society)
  • 1892-02-22 Edna St Vincent Millay, poet/dramatist/feminist (Harp Weaver-Pulitzer Prize), born in Rockland, Maine (d. 1950)

Person of interestSimone de Beauvoir

1908-01-09 Simone de Beauvoir, French author & feminist (The Mandarins, The Second Sex), born in Paris, France (d. 1986)

  • 1920-07-24 Bella Abzug "Battling Bella", American politician, feminist and activist (Rep-D-NY, 1970-74), born in New York City (d. 1998)

Person of interestBetty Friedan

1921-02-04 Betty Friedan, American feminist and writer (The Feminine Mystique), born in Peoria, Illinois (d. 2006)

  • 1924-06-18 Liesbeth den Uyl-van Vessem, Dutch feminist and wife of Prime Minister Joop den Uyl, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1990)
  • 1926-08-24 Nancy Spero, American feminist artist, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2009)
  • 1928-10-16 Mary Daly, American feminist
  • 1929-05-16 Adrienne Rich, feminist writer (Diamond Cutters), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2012)
  • 1931-09-22 Fay Weldon, British feminist
  • 1931-10-27 Nawal el-Saadawi, Egyptian feminist writer and activist, born in Kafr Tahla, Egypt
  • 1933-08-27 Joke Smit, Dutch feminist
  • 1934-02-18 Audre Lorde, American writer, feminist and activist (Black Unicorn), born in NYC, New York (d. 1992)

Person of interestGloria Steinem

1934-03-25 Gloria Steinem, American feminist and publisher (Ms Magazine), born in Toledo, Ohio

Journalist Gloria Steinem
Journalist
Gloria Steinem
  • 1934-09-14 Kate Millett, American feminist and author (Sexual Politics), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 2017)
  • 1935-02-15 Susan Brownmiller, feminist author (Against Our Wills), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1936-04-09 Valerie Solanas, American radical feminist and author of SCUM Manifesto who attempted to assassinate Andy Warhol in 1968, born in Ventnor City, New Jersey (d. 1988)
  • 1938-11-09 Ti-Grace Atkinson, American feminist author, born in Baton Rouge, Louisiana
  • 1939-01-29 Germaine Greer, Australian feminist/author (Female Eunich), born in Melbourne, Victoria
  • 1939-06-30 Eleanor Smeal, American cofounder of the Feminist Majority Foundation and president (National Organization for Women), born in Ashtabula, Ohio
  • 1940-08-14 Judith Kazantzis, English poet and feminist, born in Oxford, England (d. 2018)
  • 1941-07-03 Gloria Allred, American feminist and civil rights attorney, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1941-12-14 Ellen Willis, American journalist and feminist, born in NYC, New York (d. 2006)
  • 1945-03-10 Elizabeth Brumfiel, [Elizabeth Stern], American feminist archaeologist, former president of the American Anthropological Association
  • 1945-08-02 Jewell Jackson McCabe, American feminist and social and political activist who led the National Coalition of 100 Black Women movement in the 1970s, born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1945-10-19 Patricia Ireland, feminist/president (National Organization of Women)
  • 1946-07-28 Fahmida Riaz, Pakistani writer and feminist, born in Meerut, India
  • 1946-09-26 Andrea Dworkin, American radical feminist (Pornography: Men Possessing Women), born in Camden, New Jersey (d. 2005)
  • 1947-05-14 Karin Struck, German feminist writer, born in Groß Kiesow
  • 1950-06-06 Chantal Akerman, Belgian feminist filmmaker (Jeanne Dielman, 23 Quai du Commerce, 1080 Bruxelles), born in Brussels, Belgium
  • 1952-09-25 Bell Hooks [Gloria Jean Watkins], American author, feminist, scholar and social activist, born in Hopkinsville, Kentucky
  • 1954-01-25 Kim Gandy, American feminist, born in Bossier City, Louisiana
  • 1962-11-12 Naomi Wolf, American author and feminist
  • 1974-10-17 Ariel Levy, American feminist writer

Famous Weddings

  • 1816-12-30 English Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley (24) marries 2nd wife writer "Frankenstein" Mary Godwin (19) and daughter of early feminist writer Mary Wollstonecraft

LoveWedding of Interest

2000-09-03 American feminist and journalist Gloria Steinem (66) weds environmentalist David Bale (59) in Adair County, Oklahoma

Journalist Gloria Steinem
Journalist
Gloria Steinem

Famous Deaths


BattleOlympe de Gouges

1793-11-03 Olympe de Gouges [Marie Gouze], French playwright and revolutionary (Declaration of the Rights of Woman and of the Female Citizen), executed by guillotine at 45

Playwright and Revolutionary Olympe de Gouges
Playwright and Revolutionary
Olympe de Gouges

Person of interestMary Wollstonecraft

1797-09-10 Mary Wollstonecraft, English author and feminist (A Vindication of the Rights of Woman), mother of Mary Shelley, dies of septicaemia at 38

Author and Women's Rights Advocate Mary Wollstonecraft
Author and Women's Rights Advocate
Mary Wollstonecraft
  • 1850-07-19 Margaret Fuller [Ossoli], American feminist, activist and journalist (Women in the Nineteenth Century), dies in a shipwreck at 40
  • 1876-06-27 Harriet Martineau, British controversial journalist, political economist, abolitionist and life-long feminist, dies at 74
  • 1893-10-18 Lucy Stone, American abolitionist (US Woman's Suffrage Association), dies at 75
  • 1895-03-06 Camilla Collett, Norwegian writer and feminist (b. 1813)
  • 1902-06-10 Auguste Schmidt, German teacher and feminist, dies at 68
  • 1906-03-30 Betsy Perk [Christina Elizabeth], Dutch journalist, writer and pioneer of the Dutch women's movement, dies at 73
  • 1907-07-15 Qiu Jin, Chinese revolutionary, feminist, and writer considered a national heroine in China, executed after a failed uprising at 32
  • 1909-05-05 Pauline Staegeman, German feminist, dies
  • 1911-01-02 Kanno Sugako, Japanese anarcho-feminist, hanged for her role in the plot to assassinate Emperor Meiji at 29
  • 1912-01-07 Sophia Louisa Jex-Blake, English Physician and Feminist, dies at 71
  • 1916-02-06 Anne C A I van Diest, Belgian physician/feminist, dies at 73
  • 1916-02-16 Jeltje de Bosch Kemper, Dutch feminist, dies at 79
  • 1916-08-09 Lily Braun, German feminist and socialist writer (Im Schatten Titanen), dies at 51
  • 1919-02-21 Mary Edwards Walker, American surgeon and feminist, only woman awarded Medal of Honor (US Civil War), dies at 86
  • 1922-01-22 Fredrik Bajer, Danish politician, feminist and pacifist politician (Nobel 1908), dies at 84
  • 1922-02-15 Clara [G Meijer-]Wichmann, German/Dutch anarchist/feminist, dies at 36
  • 1922-08-02 Mina Kruseman, Dutch author and feminist, dies at 82
  • 1925-12-05 Wilhelmina E Drucker, [Lensing], Dutch feminist, dies at 78
  • 1926-04-25 Ellen Key, Swedish author and feminist (Courageous Woman), dies at 76

Person of interestEmmeline Pankhurst

1928-06-14 Emmeline Pankhurst, British suffragette who formed the Women's Social & Political Union (1903), dies at 69

Suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst
Suffragette
Emmeline Pankhurst
  • 1929-08-10 Aletta Henriette Jacobs, 1st Dutch female doctor and feminist, dies at 75
  • 1930-05-13 Helene Lange, German feminist (honoured with the Grand Prussian State Medal), dies at 82
  • 1933-06-20 Clara Zetkin, German feminist, Socialist, and Communist leader, dies at 75
  • 1935-08-17 Charlotte Perkins Gilman, American feminist, writer and lecturer for social reform, dies at 75
  • 1936-03-16 Marguerite Durand, French journalist and feminist (b. 1864)
  • 1936-08-22 Juliette Adam, French author (Salon/Nouvelle Revue) and feminist, dies at 99
  • 1940-05-14 Emma Goldman, American anarchist and author (Living My Life), dies at 70
  • 1950-10-19 Edna St Vincent Millay, American poet/dramatist/feminist (Harp Weaver-Pulitzer Prize), dies at 58
  • 1953-06-16 Margaret Bondfield, English politician and 1st British female cabinet minister (Labour), dies at 80
  • 1960-01-13 Sibilla Aleramo [Rina Faccio], Italian feminist and poet (Una Donna), dies at 83
  • 1960-09-27 Sylvia Pankhurst, English feminist and suffragette, dies at 78
  • 1962-01-12 Ariadna Tyrkova-Williams, Russian writer and feminist, dies at 92
  • 1964-01-09 Halide Edib Adevar/Salih, Turkish feminist (Handan), dies at about 80

Person of interestNancy Astor

1964-05-02 Nancy Astor, American born British politician, 1st female MP in UK House of Commons, dies at 84

1st Female MP in the United Kingdom Nancy Astor
1st Female MP in the United Kingdom
Nancy Astor

Person of interestMargaret Sanger

1966-09-06 Margaret Sanger, US feminist and birth control pioneer, dies at 86

  • 1972-08-11 Rose Schneiderman, American socialist, feminist, trade union leader and secretary of labor for New York State (1937-44), dies at 90
  • 1973-06-08 Christine Bakker-van Bosse, Dutch feminist and pacifist, dies at 88
  • 1981-09-19 Joke Kool-Smit, Dutch feminist, dies
  • 1981-12-26 Amber Reeves, feminist writer (b. 1887)

Person of interestSimone de Beauvoir

1986-04-14 Simone de Beauvoir, French author and feminist (The Mandarins, The Second Sex, She Came to Stay), dies of pneumonia at 78

  • 1988-04-25 Valerie Solanas, American radical feminist and author of SCUM Manifesto who attempted to assassinate Andy Warhol in 1968, dies of pneumonia at 52
  • 1990-09-30 Liesbeth de Uyl-of Vessem, feminist/wife of Joop du, dies
  • 1992-11-17 Audre Lorde, American writer, feminist and activist (Black Unicorn), dies of cancer at 58
  • 1995-02-15 Nabila Diahnine, Algerian architect/feminist, murdered at 33
  • 1997-10-28 Toni Carabillo, writer (Feminist Chronicles), dies of lymphoma at 71
  • 1998-03-31 Bella Abzug "Battling Bella", American politician, feminist and activist (Rep-D-NY, 1970-74), dies at 77
  • 2005-04-09 Andrea Dworkin, American radical feminist (Pornography: Men Possessing Women ), dies of heart failure at 58
  • 2005-08-03 Françoise d'Eaubonne, French feminist (b. 1920)

Person of interestBetty Friedan

2006-02-04 Betty Friedan, American writer and feminist (The Feminine Mystique), dies of congestive heart failure at 85

  • 2006-08-01 Iris Marion Young, American feminist and political scientist (b. 1949)
  • 2006-11-09 Ellen Willis, American journalist and feminist, dies at 64
  • 2009-10-18 Nancy Spero, American feminist artist, dies at 83
  • 2010-01-03 Mary Daly, American theologian and feminist scholar (b. 1928)
  • 2010-03-20 Liz Carpenter, American feminist writer (b. 1920)
  • 2012-01-01 Elizabeth Brumfiel, American feminist archaeologist, dies of cancer at 66
  • 2012-03-27 Adrienne Rich, American feminist poet/essayist, dies from complications of rheumatoid arthritis at 82
  • 2018-09-18 Judith Kazantzis, English poet and feminist, dies at 78