Marxist History

Historical Events

Historic Event

1842-10-15 Karl Marx becomes editor-in-chief of Rheinische Zeitung

  • 1848-02-21 Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish "The Communist Manifesto" in London
  • 1848-06-01 Revolutionary newspaper "Neue Rheinische Zeitung" founded by Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels and the Communist League in Cologne
  • 1867-09-14 Karl Marx publishes "Das Kapital" Volume 1, his theory of the Capitalist system and how it is doomed to destroy itself
  • 1867-10-01 Karl Marx publishes "Das Kapital" in Berlin, a description of the capitalist system, its instability and tendency to self-destruction
  • 1872-09-10 Karl Marx speaks in Amsterdam
  • 1909-02-12 Netherlands' SDAP suspends Marxist Tribune group (Gorter & Wijnkoop)

Historic Event

1911-11-20 The funeral of Paul and Laura Lafargue (daughter of Karl Marx) in Paris is attended by Lenin; the two socialists died in a suicide pact in the belief that their political usefulness was at an end

  • 1933-02-07 Social-Dem meeting in Berlin "As thousands cheer" Marxism is dead

Historic Event

1933-02-10 Adolf Hitler proclaims end of Marxism

  • 1940-07-20 Nazi collaborator Rost of Tonningen appointed director of Marxist

Historic Event

1961-12-02 Fidel Castro declares he's a Marxist & will lead Cuba to Communism

  • 1970-01-03 Marxist government takes over in Congo

Election of Interest

1970-09-04 Marxist Salvador Allende wins a narrow plurality of votes in Chile's presidential election

  • 1970-10-24 Marxist Salvador Allende elected President of Chile by the Chilean Congress
  • 1970-11-03 Marxist Salvador Allende inaugurated as President of Chile
  • 1973-09-11 Chilean President Salvador Allende, the 1st elected Marxist president of a South America country, is deposed in a military coup led by general Augusto Pinochet
  • 1974-12-28 Senegalese marxist group Reenu-Rew founds the political movement And-Jëf at a clandestine congress.
  • 1976-12-26 The Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist) is founded.
  • 1977-08-23 Marxist philosopher Rudolf Bahro imprisoned in German DR
  • 1979-09-20 The Punjab wing of the Unity Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India (Marxist-Leninist) formally splits and constitutes a parallel UCCRI(ML).

Catholic Encyclical

1981-09-15 Pope John Paul II publishes encyclical "Laborem exercens" against capitalism/Marxism

  • 1991-05-21 Ethiopia's Marxist president (Mengistu Haile Mariam) resigns
  • 2003-11-18 The congress of the Communist Party of Indian Union (Marxist-Leninist) decides to merge the party into Kanu Sanyal's CPI(ML).
  • 2004-09-21 The Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) People's War and the Maoist Communist Centre of India merge to form the Communist Party of India (Maoist).
  • 2015-10-11 Nepal's parliament elects Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli, leader of the Nepal-Unified Marxist Leninist party, as Prime Minister

Famous Birthdays

Karl Marx

1818-05-05 Karl Marx, German philosopher (Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital), born in Trier, Prussia (d. 1883)

Friedrich Engels

1820-11-28 Friedrich Engels, German social philosopher and revolutionary socialist who co-authored "The Communist Manifesto" with Karl Marx, born in Barmen, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1895)

  • 1850-01-06 Eduard "Ede" Bernstein, German Marxist (New Era)
  • 1854-10-16 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian marxist/socialist
  • 1859-02-13 Frank van de Goes, Dutch writer/marxist theorist

Vladimir Lenin

1870-04-22 Vladimir Lenin [Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov], Russian Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader (1917-24), born in Simbirsk, Russia (d. 1924)

  • 1871-03-05 Rosa Luxemburg, Polish-German Marxist revolutionary and founder of the Spartacus League, born in Zamość, Poland (d. 1919)
  • 1871-08-13 Karl Liebknecht, German Marxist revolutionary (Sparta Party), born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1919)
  • 1873-01-02 Anton Pannekoek, Dutch astronomer/marxist theorist (Communist Tactics)
  • 1873-01-15 Max Adler, Austria jurist & social philosopher (Austromarxism), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1937)
  • 1875-11-23 Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, author and literary critic, born in Poltava, Russian Empire (d. 1933)

Leon Trotsky

1879-11-07 Leon Trotsky, Ukrainian-Russian Marxist revolutionary, political theorist and founder of the Red Army [OS 26-10-1879], born in Yanovka, Ukraine, Russian Empire (d. 1940)

Antonio Gramsci

1891-01-23 Antonio Gramsci, Italian philosopher & Marxist theorist, born in Ales, Sardinia, Italy (d. 1937)

  • 1897-06-11 Bruno Frei [Benedikt Freistadt], Austrian Marxist journalist, born in Bratislava (d. 1988)
  • 1897-11-12 Karl Marx, German composer and conductor
  • 1905-04-08 Hans Scherfig, Danish marxist/writer (Idealister, Frydenholm)

Salvador Allende

1908-07-26 Salvador Allende, President of Chile (1970-73) and the 1st Marxist to become president of a Latin American country through an open election, born in Valparaíso, Chile (d. 1973)

  • 1910-04-10 Paul Sweezy, American Marxist economist and editor (Monthly Review), born in NYC, New York (d. 2004)
  • 1917-06-09 Eric J. Hobsbawm, Marxist historian (The Age of Revolution; Capital; and Empire), born in Alexandria, Sultanate of Egypt, (d. 2012)
  • 1923-04-05 Ernest Mandel, Belgian philosopher and economist (Marxist), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1995)
  • 1927-06-28 Theo van Tijn, Dutch marxist/social-historian

Che Guevara

1928-06-14 Ernesto "Che" Guevara, Argentine Marxist revolutionary (Cuban Revolution), author and physician, born in Rosario, Argentina (d. 1967)

  • 1934-09-26 Raphael Samuel, British Marxist historian, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1938-01-11 Arthur Scargill, British Marxist & trade unionist (National Union of Mineworkers), born in Barnsley, United Kingdom
  • 1948-04-27 Amrit Kumar Bohara, Nepalese politician, leader of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)
  • 1952-06-27 Madan Kumar Bhandari, Nepalese politician (Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)), born in Taplejung, Nepal (d. 1993)

Famous Weddings

Karl Marx

1843-06-19 Philosopher Karl Marx (25) weds Jenny von Westphalen in Germany

Che Guevara

1955-09-18 Argentine Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara (27) weds Peruvian economist Hilda Gadea (34) in Mexico


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Famous Deaths

Friedrich Engels

1895-08-05 Friedrich Engels, German social philosopher and revolutionary socialist who co-authored "The Communist Manifesto" with Karl Marx, dies of throat cancer at 74

  • 1919-01-15 Karl Liebknecht, German Marxist revolutionary (Sparta Party), murdered at 47
  • 1919-01-15 Rosa Luxemburg, Polish-German Marxist revolutionary and founder of the Spartacus League, murdered by the Freikorps at 47
  • 1932-12-18 Eduard "Ede" Bernstein, German marxist and revisionist, dies at 82
  • 1933-12-26 Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, author and literary critic, dies at 58
  • 1938-10-18 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian Marxist/socialist, dies at 83
  • 1939-06-05 Frank Van de Goes, Dutch writer and Marxist theorist, dies at 80

AssassinationLeon Trotsky

1940-08-21 Leon Trotsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, political theorist and founder of the Red Army, assassinated at 62 by an ice-pick wielding Ramón Mercader

  • 1952-11-21 Henriette Roland Holst-de Schalk, marxist author, dies at 82
  • 1960-04-03 Anton Pannekoek, Dutch astronomer/marxist theorist, dies at 87

ExecutionChe Guevara

1967-10-09 Ernesto "Che" Guevara, Argentine Marxist revolutionary and physician, executed in Bolivia at 39

  • 1971-05-07 Willem Banning, Dutch theologist/sociologist (Karl Marx), dies at 83

Salvador Allende

1973-09-11 Salvador Allende, President of Chile (1970-73) and the 1st Marxist to become president of a Latin American country through an open election, commits suspected suicide by shooting himself during a military coup at 65

AssassinationAldo Moro

1978-05-09 Aldo Moro, Five times Prime Minister of Italy, assassinated by the Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization Red Brigades at 61

  • 1985-05-08 Karl Marx, German composer and conductor, dies at 87
  • 1988-05-21 Bruno Frei [Benedikt Freistadt], Austrian Marxist journalist, dies at 91
  • 1992-08-21 Theo van Tijn, Marxist/social-historian, dies at 65
  • 1993-03-12 Wang Zhen, marxist/vice-premier of China (1988), dies
  • 1993-05-05 Balak Brahmachari [Marxist Godman], Indies guru, dies at 73
  • 1993-05-16 Madan Kumar Bhandari, Nepalese politician (Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)), dies at 41
  • 1995-07-20 Ernest Mandel, Belgian philosopher and economist (Marxist), dies at 72
  • 1996-12-09 Raphael Samuel, British Marxist historian, dies at 61
  • 2004-02-27 Paul Sweezy, American Marxist economist and editor (Monthly Review), dies at 93
  • 2012-10-01 Eric J. Hobsbawm, British Marxist historian, dies from pneumonia at 95