Today in Marxist History

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

1842-10-15 Karl Marx becomes editor-in-chief of Rheinische Zeitung

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911-11-20 The funeral of Paul and Laura Lafargue (daughter of Karl Marx) in Paris is attended by Lenin; the two socialists died in a suicide pact in the belief that their political usefulness was at an end

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • 1933-02-07 Social-Dem meeting in Berlin "As thousands cheer" Marxism is dead

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933-02-10 Adolf Hitler proclaims end of Marxism

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1940-07-20 Nazi collaborator Rost of Tonningen appointed director of Marxist

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961-12-02 Fidel Castro declares he's a Marxist & will lead Cuba to Communism

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1970-01-03 Marxist government takes over in Congo

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1970-09-04 Marxist Salvador Allende wins a narrow plurality of votes in Chile's presidential election

Marxist and President of Chile Salvador Allende
Marxist and President of Chile
Salvador Allende
  • 1970-10-24 Marxist Salvador Allende elected President of Chile by the Chilean Congress
  • 1970-11-03 Marxist Salvador Allende inaugurated as President of Chile
  • 1974-12-28 Senegalese marxist group Reenu-Rew founds the political movement And-Jëf at a clandestine congress.
  • 1976-12-26 The Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist) is founded.
  • 1977-08-23 Marxist philosopher Rudolf Bahro imprisoned in German DR
  • 1979-09-20 The Punjab wing of the Unity Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India (Marxist-Leninist) formally splits and constitutes a parallel UCCRI(ML).

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1981-09-15 Pope John Paul II publishes encyclical "Laborem exercens" against capitalism/Marxism

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1991-05-21 Ethiopia's Marxist president (Mengistu Haile Mariam) resigns
  • 2003-11-18 The congress of the Communist Party of Indian Union (Marxist-Leninist) decides to merge the party into Kanu Sanyal's CPI(ML).
  • 2004-09-21 The Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) People's War and the Maoist Communist Centre of India merge to form the Communist Party of India (Maoist).
  • 2015-10-11 Nepal's parliament elects Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli, leader of the Nepal-Unified Marxist Leninist party, as Prime Minister

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestKarl Marx

1818-05-05 Karl Marx, German philosopher (Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital), born in Trier, Prussia (d. 1883)

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • 1850-01-06 Eduard "Ede" Bernstein, German Marxist (New Era)
  • 1854-10-16 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian marxist/socialist
  • 1859-02-13 Frank van de Goes, Dutch writer/marxist theorist

Person of interestVladimir Lenin

1870-04-22 Vladimir Lenin [Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov], Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader, born in Simbirsk, Russia (d. 1924)

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1871-03-05 Rosa Luxemburg, Polish-German Marxist revolutionary and founder of the Spartacus League, born in Zamość, Poland (d. 1919)
  • 1871-08-13 Karl Liebknecht, German Marxist revolutionary (Sparta Party), born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1919)
  • 1873-01-02 Anton Pannekoek, Dutch astronomer/marxist theorist (Communist Tactics)
  • 1875-11-23 Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, author and literary critic, born in Poltava, Russian Empire (d. 1933)

Person of interestLeon Trotsky

1879-11-07 Leon Trotsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, political theorist and founder of the Red Army [OS 26-10-1879], born in Yelizavetgrad, Russian Empire (d. 1940)

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky

Person of interestAntonio Gramsci

1891-01-23 Antonio Gramsci, Italian philosopher & Marxist theorist, born in Ales, Sardinia, Italy (d. 1937)

Marxist Theorist and Politician Antonio Gramsci
Marxist Theorist and Politician
Antonio Gramsci
  • 1897-06-11 Bruno Frei [Benedikt Freistadt], Austrian Marxist journalist, born in Bratislava (d. 1988)
  • 1897-11-12 Karl Marx, German composer/conductor
  • 1905-04-08 Hans Scherfig, Danish marxist/writer (Idealister, Frydenholm)

Person of interestSalvador Allende

1908-07-26 Salvador Allende, President of Chile (1970-73) and the 1st Marxist to become president of a Latin American country through an open election, born in Valparaíso, Chile (d. 1973)

Marxist and President of Chile Salvador Allende
Marxist and President of Chile
Salvador Allende
  • 1910-04-10 Paul Sweezy, American Marxist economist and editor (Monthly Review), born in NYC, New York (d. 2004)
  • 1917-06-09 Eric J. Hobsbawm, Alexandria, Sultanate of Egypt, Marxist historian (The Age of Revolution; Capital; and Empire), (d. 2012)
  • 1923-04-05 Ernest Mandel, Belgian philosopher and economist (Marxist), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1995)
  • 1927-06-28 Theo van Tijn, Dutch marxist/social-historian

Person of interestChe Guevara

1928-06-14 Ernesto "Che" Guevara, Argentine Marxist revolutionary (Cuban Revolution), author and physician, born in Rosario, Argentina (d. 1967)

Argentine Revolutionary Che Guevara
Argentine Revolutionary
Che Guevara
  • 1934-09-26 Raphael Samuel, British Marxist historian, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1938-01-11 Arthur Scargill, British Marxist & trade unionist (National Union of Mineworkers), born in Barnsley, United Kingdom
  • 1948-04-27 Amrit Kumar Bohara, Nepalese politician, leader of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)
  • 1952-06-27 Madan Kumar Bhandari, Nepalese politician (Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)), born in Taplejung, Nepal (d. 1993)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

1843-06-19 Philosopher Karl Marx (25) weds Jenny von Westphalen in Germany

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx

LoveWedding of Interest

1955-09-18 Argentine Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara (27) weds Peruvian economist Hilda Gadea (34) in Mexico

Argentine Revolutionary Che Guevara
Argentine Revolutionary
Che Guevara

Famous Deaths


Person of interestKarl Marx

1883-03-14 Karl Marx, German philosopher (Communist Manifesto), dies at 64

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • 1895-08-05 Friedrich English, German textile manufacturer/marxist, dies
  • 1919-01-15 Karl Liebknecht, German Marxist revolutionary (Sparta Party), murdered at 47
  • 1919-01-15 Rosa Luxemburg, Polish-German Marxist revolutionary and founder of the Spartacus League, murdered by the Freikorps at 47
  • 1932-12-18 Eduard "Ede" Bernstein, German marxist/revisionist, dies at 82
  • 1933-12-26 Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, author and literary critic, dies at 58

Person of interestAntonio Gramsci

1937-04-27 Antonio Gramsci, Italian philosopher, dies at 46

Marxist Theorist and Politician Antonio Gramsci
Marxist Theorist and Politician
Antonio Gramsci
  • 1938-10-18 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian marxist/socialist, dies
  • 1939-06-05 Frank Van de Goes, writer/marxist theorist, dies

MurderLeon Trotsky

1940-08-21 Leon Trotsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, political theorist and founder of the Red Army, assassinated at 62 by an ice-pick wielding Ramón Mercader

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1952-11-21 Henriette Roland Holst-de Schalk, marxist author, dies at 82
  • 1960-04-03 Anton Pannekoek, Dutch astronomer/marxist theorist, dies at 87
  • 1960-04-28 Anton Pannekoek, Dutch astronomer & philosopher, dies at 87

BattleChe Guevara

1967-10-09 Ernesto "Che" Guevara, Argentine Marxist revolutionary and physician, executed in Bolivia at 39

Argentine Revolutionary Che Guevara
Argentine Revolutionary
Che Guevara
  • 1971-05-07 Willem Banning, Dutch theologist/sociologist (Karl Marx), dies at 83

Person of interestSalvador Allende

1973-09-11 Salvador Allende, President of Chile (1970-73) and the 1st Marxist to become president of a Latin American country through an open election, commits suspected suicide by shooting himself during a military coup at 65

Marxist and President of Chile Salvador Allende
Marxist and President of Chile
Salvador Allende

MurderAldo Moro

1978-05-09 Aldo Moro, Five times Prime Minister of Italy, assassinated by the Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization Red Brigades at 61

Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro
Italian Prime Minister
Aldo Moro
  • 1985-05-08 Karl Marx, German composer/conductor, dies at 87
  • 1988-05-21 Bruno Frei [Benedikt Freistadt], Austrian Marxist journalist, dies at 91
  • 1992-08-21 Theo van Tijn, Marxist/social-historian, dies at 65
  • 1993-03-12 Wang Zhen, marxist/vice-premier of China (1988), dies
  • 1993-05-05 Balak Brahmachari, [Marxist Godman], Indies guru, dies at 73
  • 1993-05-16 Madan Kumar Bhandari, Nepalese politician (Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)), dies at 41
  • 1994-07-20 Ernest Mandel, Belgian philosopher and economist (Marxist), dies at 72
  • 1996-12-09 Raphael Samuel, British Marxist historian, dies at 61
  • 2004-02-27 Paul Sweezy, American Marxist economist and editor (Monthly Review), dies at 93
  • 2012-10-01 Eric J. Hobsbawm, British Marxist historian, dies from pneumonia at 95