Today in Marxist History

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

1842-10-15 Karl Marx becomes editor-in-chief of Rheinische Zeitung

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911-11-20 The funeral of Paul and Laura Lafargue (daughter of Karl Marx) in Paris is attended by Lenin; the two socialists died in a suicide pact in the belief that their political usefulness was at an end

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1933-02-07 Social-Dem meeting in Berlin "As thousands cheer" Marxism is dead

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933-02-10 Hitler proclaims end of Marxism

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1940-07-20 Nazi collaborator Rost of Tonningen appointed director of Marxist

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961-12-02 Fidel Castro declares he's a Marxist & will lead Cuba to Communism

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1970-01-03 Marxist government takes over in Congo
  • 1974-12-28 Senegalese marxist group Reenu-Rew founds the political movement And-Jëf at a clandestine congress.
  • 1976-12-26 The Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist) is founded.
  • 1977-08-23 Marxist philosopher Rudolf Bahro imprisoned in German DR
  • 1979-09-20 The Punjab wing of the Unity Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India (Marxist-Leninist) formally splits and constitutes a parallel UCCRI(ML).

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981-09-15 Pope John Paul II publishes encyclical "Laborem exercens" against capitalism/Marxism

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1991-05-21 Ethiopia's Marxist president (Mengistu Haile Mariam) resigns
  • 2003-11-18 The congress of the Communist Party of Indian Union (Marxist-Leninist) decides to merge the party into Kanu Sanyal's CPI(ML).
  • 2004-09-21 The Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) People's War and the Maoist Communist Centre of India merge to form the Communist Party of India (Maoist).
  • 2015-10-11 Nepal's parliament elects Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli, leader of the Nepal-Unified Marxist Leninist party, as Prime Minister

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1818-05-05 Karl Marx, German philosopher (Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital), born in Trier, Prussia (d. 1883)

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • 1850-01-06 Eduard "Ede" Bernstein, German marxist (New Era)
  • 1854-10-16 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian marxist/socialist
  • 1859-02-13 Frank van de Goes, Dutch writer/marxist theorist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1870-04-22 Vladimir Lenin [Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov], Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader, born in Simbirsk, Russia (d. 1924)

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1871-08-13 Karl Liebknecht, German revolutionary marxist (Sparta Party)
  • 1873-01-02 Anton Pannekoek, Dutch astronomer/marxist theorist (Communist Tactics)
  • 1875-11-23 Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, author and literary critic, born in Poltava, Russian Empire (d. 1933)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1879-11-07 Leon Trotsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, political theorist and founder of the Red Army [OS 26-10-1879], born in Yelizavetgrad, Russian Empire (d. 1940)

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1891-01-23 Antonio Gramsci, Italian philosopher and marxist theorist, born in Ales, Sardinia, Italy (d. 1937)

Marxist Theorist and Politician Antonio Gramsci
Marxist Theorist and Politician
Antonio Gramsci
  • 1897-06-11 Bruno Frei [Benedikt Freistadt], Austrian Marxist journalist, born in Bratislava (d. 1988)
  • 1897-11-12 Karl Marx, German composer/conductor
  • 1905-04-08 Hans Scherfig, Danish marxist/writer (Idealister, Frydenholm)
  • 1917-06-09 Eric J. Hobsbawm, Alexandria, Sultanate of Egypt, Marxist historian (The Age of Revolution; Capital; and Empire), (d. 2012)
  • 1927-06-28 Theo van Tijn, Dutch marxist/social-historian

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1928-06-14 Ernesto "Che" Guevara, Argentine Marxist revolutionary (Cuban Revolution), author and physician, born in Rosario, Argentina (d. 1967)

Argentine Revolutionary Che Guevara
Argentine Revolutionary
Che Guevara
  • 1934-09-26 Raphael Samuel, British Marxist historian, born in London (d. 1996)

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

1843-06-19 Philosopher Karl Marx (25) weds Jenny von Westphalen in Germany

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx

HeartWedding of Interest

1955-09-18 Argentine Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara (27) weds Peruvian economist Hilda Gadea (34) in Mexico

Argentine Revolutionary Che Guevara
Argentine Revolutionary
Che Guevara

Famous Deaths


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1883-03-14 Karl Marx, German philosopher (Communist Manifesto), dies at 64

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • 1895-08-05 Friedrich English, German textile manufacturer/marxist, dies
  • 1919-01-15 Karl Liebknecht, Marxist revolutionary, murdered at 47
  • 1919-01-15 Rosa Luxemburg, Polish-German Marxist revolutionary and founder of the Spartacus League, murdered by the Freikorps at 47
  • 1932-12-18 Eduard "Ede" Bernstein, German marxist/revisionist, dies at 82
  • 1933-12-26 Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, author and literary critic, dies at 58

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1937-04-27 Antonio Gramsci, Italian philosopher/marxist theorist, dies at 46

Marxist Theorist and Politician Antonio Gramsci
Marxist Theorist and Politician
Antonio Gramsci
  • 1938-10-18 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian marxist/socialist, dies
  • 1939-06-05 Frank Van de Goes, writer/marxist theorist, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1940-08-21 Leon Trotsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, political theorist and founder of the Red Army, assassinated at 62 by an ice-pick wielding Ramón Mercader

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1952-11-21 Henriette Roland Holst-de Schalk, marxist author, dies at 82
  • 1960-04-03 Anton Pannekoek, Dutch astronomer/marxist theorist, dies at 87
  • 1960-04-28 Anton Pancake, astronomer/marxist theorist, dies at 87

BattleExecution

1967-10-09 Ernesto "Che" Guevara, Argentine Marxist revolutionary and physician, executed in Bolivia at 39

Argentine Revolutionary Che Guevara
Argentine Revolutionary
Che Guevara
  • 1971-05-07 Willem Banning, Dutch theologist/sociologist (Karl Marx), dies at 83

MurderAssassination

1978-05-09 Aldo Moro, Five times Prime Minister of Italy, assassinated by the Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization Red Brigades at 61

Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro
Italian Prime Minister
Aldo Moro
  • 1985-05-08 Karl Marx, German composer/conductor, dies at 87
  • 1988-05-21 Bruno Frei [Benedikt Freistadt], Austrian Marxist journalist, dies at 91
  • 1992-08-21 Theo van Tijn, Marxist/social-historian, dies at 65
  • 1993-03-12 Wang Zhen, marxist/vice-premier of China (1988), dies
  • 1993-05-05 Balak Brahmachari, [Marxist Godman], Indies guru, dies at 73
  • 1996-12-09 Raphael Samuel, British Marxist historian, dies at 61
  • 2012-10-01 Eric J. Hobsbawm, British Marxist historian, dies from pneumonia at 95