Today in Socialist History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 122

  • 1873-02-27 Dutch socialist Samuel van Wooden demands law against child labor
  • 1877-12-26 Socialist Labor Party of North America holds 1st national convention

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1878-10-21 German republic chancellor Bismarck delegates end of "Socialism"

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • 1878-12-28 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Quod apostolici muneris (socialism)
  • 1884-12-30 William Morris, Eleanor Marx, and others establish the Socialist League, a revolutionary organization in the UK
  • 1888-03-25 Socialist leader Domela Nieuwenhuis elected to Dutch 2nd chamber
  • 1892-07-04 James Keir Hardie chosen 1st socialist in British Lower house
  • 1895-11-05 Edward, Prince of Wales, says "We are all Socialists nowadays"
  • 1900-03-06 After a meeting in Indianapolis, USA, a group forms the Social Democratic Party and nominates Eugene Debs as its candidate for President in the forthcoming election (becomes the Socialist Party in 1901)
  • 1900-03-25 US Socialist Party forms in Indianapolis
  • 1900-06-24 Dutch Social-Democratic Workers' party & Socialistenbond merge
  • 1902-04-08 Demonstration organised by socialists in Belgium as people demand better education, living conditions, the right to strike and universal male suffrage result in a riot and some deaths
  • 1902-04-15 Russian minister of interior and head of secret police, Sipyengin, is assassinated by the 'Terror Brigade' of the Socialist Revolutionaries
  • 1904-09-21 The general strike called by the Socialist Party that spread throughout Italy ends today
  • 1907-01-26 In Austria, universal and direct suffrage (limited to males over 24) is introduced, a reform long demanded by the socialists and others
  • 1907-02-07 Conservative coalition take over Reichstag in Germany after rallying conservatives against the threat of a socialist government
  • 1908-05-24 Belgium Catholic socialist/liberal parliamentary election
  • 1909-02-28 1st National Woman's Day is observed in the United States. Organized by the Socialist Party of America in honor of the 1908 garment workers' strike in New York, where women protested against working conditions.
  • 1910-04-27 Belgian parliament rejects socialist motion for general voting rights
  • 1910-11-08 For the first time since 1894, the US elects a Democratic Congress, including the first socialist ever to sit in Congress, Victor L Berger of Milwaukee
  • 1911-03-04 Victor Berger (Wisc) becomes 1st socialist congressman in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911-11-20 The funeral of Paul and Laura Lafargue (daughter of Karl Marx) in Paris is attended by Lenin; the two socialists died in a suicide pact in the belief that their political usefulness was at an end

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1912-11-25 Socialist International rejects that world war is coming
  • 1914-01-01 Klaas ter Laan becomes The Netherland's 1st socialist mayor (Zaandam)
  • 1914-07-16 Socialist conference in Brussels (Kautsky, Trotski & Rosa Luxemburg)
  • 1914-07-25 Germany Socialist-Democrat Party declares: "No German blood for Austrian tyrant" in response to German support of Austria-Hungary
  • 1914-11-15 Italian socialist Benito Mussolini founds newspaper Il Populo d'Italia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914-11-24 Benito Mussolini leaves Italy's socialist party

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1916-08-23 Military court of Berlin sentences socialist Karl Liebknecht to 4 years
  • 1917-07-21 Russian Revolution: Socialist Alexander Kerensky becomes Russian Prime Minister
  • 1918-03-18 Socialist Youth AJC organizes in Amsterdam
  • 1918-06-30 Prominent US Socialist and Pacifist Eugene Debs is arrested on charges of denouncing the government, a violation of the Espionage Act of 1917
  • 1918-07-10 Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic forms
  • 1919-01-05 National Socialist Party (Nazi) forms as German Farmers' Party
  • 1919-01-15 Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, two of the most prominent socialists in Germany, are tortured and murdered by the Freikorps
  • 1919-02-03 Socialist conference convenes (Berne, Switzerland)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919-05-01 "L'Ordine Nuovo" Italian socialist weekly newspaper established in Turin by Antonio Gramsci, Angelo Tasca and Palmiro Togliatti

Marxist Theorist and Politician Antonio Gramsci
Marxist Theorist and Politician
Antonio Gramsci
  • 1920-01-02 Responding to global fear of communism caused by the Russian Revolution, US Attorney General Palmer authorizes raids across the country on unionists and socialists
  • 1920-01-07 Five duly elected Socialist assemblymen are denied by the New York State Assembly
  • 1921-02-27 The International Working Union of Socialist Parties is founded in Vienna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921-07-29 Adolf Hitler becomes leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1922-08-01 In Italy, the socialist 'Alianza del Lavoro' declare a national strike which collapses immediately and fascist forces destroy union and socialist headquarters
  • 1922-11-30 Hitler speaks to 50,000 national-socialists in Munich
  • 1922-12-20 14 republics form Union of Soviet Socialistic Republics (USSR)
  • 1923-01-01 Union of Socialist Soviet Republics established
  • 1923-02-05 Mass arrests of socialists & communists in Italy
  • 1923-05-01 Hitler and Ernst Rohm attempt to break up socialist May Day demonstrates, inviting Nazis from as far away as Nuremberg to take part in the violence
  • 1923-05-04 Bloody street battles between nazis, socialist & police in Vienna
  • 1923-05-26 Socialist Workers Youth International forms in Hamburg
  • 1923-07-06 The Central Executive Committee accepts the Treaty of Union, signed in Moscow in December 1922, and the Russian Empire becomes the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  • 1924-04-11 Socialists win Danish parliamentary elections

  • 1924-05-30 Socialist Matteotti falls in Italian parliament by fascists
  • 1925-02-02 Belgian episcopacy rejects liberalism, communism & socialism
  • 1925-03-02 Dutch Socialists demand drastic disarmament
  • 1925-08-18 Cardinal Mercier warns Belgians against socialism/liberalism
  • 1925-11-05 Mussolini disbands Italian socialist parties
  • 1929-02-03 Revolutionary Socialist Party forms in Amsterdam
  • 1931-03-20 Bishop Schreiber warns against national-socialism in Berlin
  • 1932-11-09 Riots between conservative and socialist supporters in Switzerland kill 12 and injure 60.
  • 1933-05-17 Vidkun Quisling and Johan Bernhard Hjort form Nasjonal Samling, the national-socialist party of Norway
  • 1934-02-13 Austrian Dollfuss government bans socialist party
  • 1934-03-29 Bank of Travail in Belgium, socialist workers' movement bankrupt
  • 1934-07-27 French socialist/communist party of People's Front forms
  • 1935-03-03 Dutch Revolutionary Socialist Worker's party (RSAP), forms
  • 1935-06-30 The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its first congress.
  • 1935-11-24 The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its second congress.
  • 1936-01-16 Spanish socialists, communists and anarchists form Unidad Popular
  • 1941-06-22 Various Communist and Socialist French Resistance movements merge to one group.

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1943-07-08 Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging (Dutch National Socialist Movement) leader Anton Mussert meets with Heinrich Himmler

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1945-11-29 Yugoslavian Socialist Republic proclaimed
  • 1946-02-01 Trygve Lie, a Norwegian socialist, becomes 1st Secretary General of the United Nations
  • 1946-03-13 Paul-Henri Spaak (Belgium Socialist Party) forms Belgian government - shortest Belgian government (ends 31 March)
  • 1946-04-21 Socialistic Einheitspartei Germany forms in East Germany
  • 1946-06-18 Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia, a Socialist calls for a Direct Action Day against the Portuguese in Goa. A road is named after this date in Panjim
  • 1947-03-19 Belgian government of Paul-Henri Spaak (Belgium Socialist Party) forms
  • 1948-01-29 Pakistan Socialist Party is founded
  • 1948-08-06 Willem Drees forms Socialist government (KVP/Social Democratics/CHU/Liberal) in the Netherlands
  • 1948-10-06 The 1948 Ashgabat earthquake kills 100,000 in the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic
  • 1953-01-06 The first Asian Socialist Conference opens in Burma
  • 1954-05-01 Bishops publish Mandement (member socialist org forbidden)
  • 1957-01-26 Dutch Pacifist Socialist Party forms
  • 1963-04-07 Yugoslavia proclaimed a Socialistic republic
  • 1964-09-15 Final edition of socialist British newspaper "Daily Herald"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968-03-21 Portuguese socialist Mário Soares banished to Sao Tomé

President of Portugal Mário Soares
President of Portugal
Mário Soares
  • 1968-04-06 94.5% of East German voters approve new socialist constitution
  • 1968-04-08 New socialist constitution of East Germany takes effect
  • 1968-11-10 Portuguese socialist Mário Soares freed
  • 1970-04-20 Bruno Kreisky becomes 1st socialist chancellor of Austria
  • 1970-06-22 Irish socialist, republican and Member of Parliament, Bernadette Devlin, loses her appeal against a 6-month prison sentence imposed for taking part in riots in Derry
  • 1972-04-19 Hungary revises its constitution to declare itself a socialist state
  • 1974-10-10 The Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) and its political wing the Irish Republican Socialist Party (IRSP) founded at the Spa Hotel in the village of Lucan near Dublin
  • 1974-12-08 Irish Republican Socialist Party forms
  • 1974-12-20 Ethiopia becomes socialist one-party state
  • 1975-04-25 Mário Soares' Socialist Party wins Portugal's first free election since 1925
  • 1975-04-26 Mário Soaress' Socialist Party wins 1st free election in Portugal


1976-09-21 Orlando Letelier is assassinated in Washington, D.C. He was a member of the Chilean socialist government of Salvador Allende, overthrown in 1973 by Augusto Pinochet.

General and Dictator Augusto Pinochet
General and Dictator
Augusto Pinochet

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1976-11-26 Willy Brandt elected chairman of Socialist International

Chancellor of West Germany Willy Brandt
Chancellor of West Germany
Willy Brandt
  • 1977-03-03 Libyan Socialist Arabs People's Republic forms
  • 1977-03-20 Communists and socialists win French municipal elections
  • 1981-06-21 Socialists/communists win French parliamentary election

Famous Birthdays

  • 1760-11-23 Gracchus Babeuf, French utopian socialist (Tribun du Peuple)
  • 1771-05-14 Robert Owen, England, factory owner/socialist
  • 1772-04-07 F M Charles Fourier, French socialist
  • 1809-01-15 Pierre Joseph Proudhon, French politician (libertarian socialist)
  • 1812-06-21 Moses Hess, Jewish socialist and nationalist (d. 1875)
  • 1828-09-28 Friedrich A Lange, Prussia, philosopher/socialist (Neo-Kantianism)
  • 1834-03-24 William Morris, England, designer/craftsman/poet/socialist
  • 1838-06-24 Gustav von Schmoller, German economist (Lectern Socialism)
  • 1847-11-02 Georges Sorel, French philosopher and theorist of Sorelianism, born in Cherbourg, France (d. 1922)
  • 1854-10-16 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian marxist/socialist
  • 1855-01-03 Hubert Bland, English socialist (d. 1914)
  • 1855-11-05 Eugene V. Debs, Terre Haute, Indiana, American labor leader and Socialist presidential candidate (d. 1926)
  • 1858-04-07 Adrien H Gerhard, Dutch socialist politician (SDAP)
  • 1859-09-03 AAJ Jean Jaurès, French socialist (L'Humanité, Les Preuves)
  • 1863-09-13 Arthur Henderson, Britain, socialist/disarmament worker (Nobel 1934)
  • 1864-11-26 Herman Gorter, Dutch socialist/poet (May, Tiny Hero's Poem)
  • 1865-07-02 Lili Braun, Prussia, feminist/socialist writer (Im Schatten Titanen)
  • 1866-01-25 Emile Vandervelde, President (1900–1918) of the International Socialist Bureau and Minister of 3 Belgian governments (d. 1938)
  • 1868-06-05 James Connolly, Irish socialist (d. 1916)
  • 1870-04-07 Gustav Landauer, German socialist
  • 1871-03-05 Rosa Luxemburg, Polish-German Marxist revolutionary and founder of the Spartacus League, born in Zamość, Poland (d. 1919)
  • 1871-07-08 Kornelis ter Laan, 1st Dutch socialist mayor (Zaandam)
  • 1873-01-15 Max Adler, Austria sociologist/socialist theorist
  • 1876-01-12 Jack London, American writer/socialist (Call of the Wild), born in San Francisco (d. 1916)
  • 1876-03-11 David Wijnkoop, Dutch revolutionary socialist
  • 1877-02-26 Carel S Adama van Scheltema, Dutch poet/writer (socialism)
  • 1877-06-05 Johan W Albarda, 1st Dutch socialist minister (1939-45)
  • 1878-06-17 Albert Thomas, French socialist politician (Minister of Armament WW1), born in Champigny-sur-Marne (d. 1932)
  • 1878-08-13 Salomon "Sam" de Wolff, Dutch zionist/socialist theorist
  • 1879-07-01 Leon Jouhaux, French socialist/co-founder UN's ILO (Nobel 1951)
  • 1879-11-17 Gerardus H de Haas, socialist vicar
  • 1881-03-12 Daniel Webster Hoan, Wisc (Mayor-Socialist-Milwaukee)
  • 1883-06-21 Feodor Gladkov, Russian socialist writer (Cement) (d. 1958)
  • 1884-11-20 Norman Thomas, American socialist, pacifist and presidential candidate (1928-48), born in Marion Ohio (d. 1968)
  • 1884-12-06 Rose Schneiderman, American socialist, feminist, trade union leader and secretary of labor for New York State (1937-44), born in Sawin, Poland (d. 1972)
  • 1889-09-25 George Douglas Howard Cole, socialist/novelist
  • 1891-02-09 Pietro Nenni, Italian socialist/minister of foreign affairs (1946-47)
  • 1891-05-07 Harry McShane, Scottish socialist (d. 1988)
  • 1896-12-21 Carl Romme, Dutch catholic foreman/KVP-min Socialist Business
  • 1905-12-31 Guy Mollet, Prime Minister of France (1956-57), born in Flers, France (d. 1975)
  • 1907-11-03 James Geoffrey Cutcliffe Hepburn, tap-dancer/socialist
  • 1910-11-11 Frideswide Frances Emma Knight, musician/socialist
  • 1911-04-08 Douglas Hyde, socialist/Christian
  • 1916-06-26 Paul Derrick, co-operator/Christian socialist
  • 1921-01-14 Murray Bookchin, American libertarian socialist (d. 2006)
  • 1925-08-08 Jack Stoddart, designer/socialist
  • 1925-09-30 Gwyn A Williams, historian/socialist
  • 1928-02-24 Michael Harrington, socialist/author (Fragments of Century), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1930-08-04 John Gorman, printer and socialist historian, born in Stratford, East London (d. 1996)
  • 1934-02-24 Bettino Craxi, Italy's 1st socialist premier (1983-87)
  • 1934-12-24 Stjepan Mesić, president of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Secretary General of Non-Aligned Movement and president of Croatia.
  • 1935-06-06 Misha Mengelberg, Dutch jazz pianist and composer (Reconstruction), born in Kiev, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (d. 2017)
  • 1938-01-11 Michael Fenn, docker/socialist
  • 1938-01-11 Arthur Scargill, Socialist Labour Party (UK) leader

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1954-08-12 François Hollande, 24th President of France (Socialist: 2012-), born in Rouen, France

French President François Hollande
French President
François Hollande

Famous Deaths

  • 1797-05-27 Francois-Noal "Gracchus" Babeuf, French utopian socialist, dies at 36
  • 1837-10-09 Charles Fourier, French utopian socialist (Harmony universal), dies
  • 1875-11-21 Friedrich A Lange, philosopher/socialist (Neo-Kantianism), dies at 67
  • 1898-05-22 Edward Bellamy, American author/socialist, dies of tuberculosis at 48
  • 1900-08-06 Wilhelm Liebknecht, German journalist/socialist, dies at 74
  • 1914-07-30 Jean Jaurès, leading socialist, assassinated in Paris
  • 1914-07-31 A J Jean Jaurès, French socialist (L'Humanité/Les Preuves), murdered=
  • 1916-05-12 James Connolly, Irish socialist (b. 1868)
  • 1918-01-02 Sijbe K Bakker, vicar/theologist (Christian-Socialism), dies at 42
  • 1919-05-02 Gustav Landauer, German socialist, dies
  • 1919-11-18 Ferdinand Domela Newenhouse, anarchist (free socialist), dies
  • 1920-02-12 Jean Allemane, French socialist/communard (allemanisten), dies at 77
  • 1924-05-06 Carel S Adama van Scheltema, poet/writer (socialism), dies at 47
  • 1924-06-10 Giacomo Matteotti, Italian socialist deputy, assassinated by fascists
  • 1926-10-20 Eugene V. Debs, American labor leader and Socialist presidential candidate (b. 1855)
  • 1927-09-15 Herman Gorter, socialist/poet (Mai, Pan), dies at 62
  • 1932-05-07 Albert Thomas, French socialist politician (Minister of Armament WW1), dies at 53
  • 1937-06-28 Max Adler, Austrian socialist theorist, dies at 64
  • 1938-10-18 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian marxist/socialist, dies
  • 1938-12-27 Emile Vandervelde, President (1900–1918) of the International Socialist Bureau and Minister of 3 Belgian governments dies at 72
  • 1941-05-07 David Wijnkoop, revolutionary socialist, dies
  • 1941-07-26 Marx Dormoy, French socialist, killed by a time bomb
  • 1943-04-24 Gerardus H de Hare, socialist vicar, dies at 63
  • 1946-03-02 Fidél Pálffy, Hungarian National socialist (b. 1895)
  • 1947-10-13 Sydney Webb, English socialist and economist (founded London School of Economics) and husband of Beatrice Webb, dies at 88
  • 1953-10-18 Douwe Kalma, Fries literature/christian-socialist, dies at 57
  • 1960-10-12 Inejiro Asanuma, leader Japanese Socialist Party, murdered at 61
  • 1960-11-24 Salomon "Sam" de Wolff, zionist/socialist theorist, dies at 82
  • 1962-11-20 Jasper McLevy, socialist mayor of Bridgeport Ct, dies
  • 1963-03-06 Kornelis ter Laan, 1st Dutch socialist mayor (Zaandam), dies at 91
  • 1965-10-29 Mehdi Am Barka, Moroccan socialist leader, murdered in Paris
  • 1967-10-12 Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia, Indian Socialist politician, dies at 57
  • 1968-12-19 Norman Thomas, American socialist, pacifist and presidential candidate (1928-48), dies at 84
  • 1972-08-11 Rose Schneiderman, American socialist, feminist, trade union leader and secretary of labor for New York State (1937-44), dies at 90
  • 1974-09-11 Víctor Olea Alegría, Chilean Socialist Party member
  • 1976-07-30 Emil Solomon "Solly" Sachs, South African socialist, dies in London
  • 1980-01-01 Pietro Nenni, Italian politician (Socialists), dies at 88
  • 1991-09-08 Jan J Lipski, chairman (Polish Socialist Party)/writer, dies
  • 1995-08-29 Jack Stoddart, designer/socialist, dies at 70
  • 1995-11-16 Gwyn A Williams, historian/socialist, dies at 70
  • 1995-12-15 James Geoffrey Cutcliffe Hepburn, tap-dancer/socialist, dies at 88
  • 1996-07-28 Mickey Fenn, docker/socialist, dies at 58
  • 1996-09-19 Douglas Hyde, socialist/Christian, dies at 85
  • 1996-10-02 Frideswide Frances Emma Knight, musician/socialist, dies at 85
  • 1996-10-31 John Gorman, printer and socialist historian, dies at 66
  • 1996-11-30 Paul Derrick, co-operator/Christian socialist, dies at 80
  • 2006-07-30 Murray Bookchin, American libertarian socialist (b. 1921)