Socialist History

Historical Events

  • 1873-02-27 Dutch socialist Samuel van Wooden demands law against child labor
  • 1877-12-26 Socialist Labor Party of North America holds 1st national convention
  • 1878-10-18 Anti-socialist laws are ratified in Germany

Historic Event

1878-10-21 German chancellor Otto von Bismarck delegates end of "Socialism"

Catholic Encyclical

1878-12-28 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Quod apostolici muneris (socialism)

  • 1884-12-30 William Morris, Eleanor Marx, and others establish the Socialist League, a revolutionary organization in the UK
  • 1888-03-25 Socialist leader Domela Nieuwenhuis elected to Dutch 2nd chamber
  • 1890-10-01 Germany's anti-socialist laws lapse
  • 1892-07-04 James Keir Hardie chosen 1st socialist in British Lower house
  • 1895-11-05 Edward, Prince of Wales, says "We are all Socialists nowadays"
  • 1900-03-06 After a meeting in Indianapolis, USA, a group forms the Social Democratic Party and nominates Eugene Debs as its candidate for President in the forthcoming election (becomes the Socialist Party in 1901)
  • 1900-03-25 US Socialist Party forms in Indianapolis
  • 1900-06-24 Dutch Social-Democratic Workers' party & Socialistenbond merge
  • 1902-04-08 Demonstration organised by socialists in Belgium as people demand better education, living conditions, the right to strike and universal male suffrage result in a riot and some deaths
  • 1902-04-15 Russian minister of interior and head of secret police, Sipyengin, is assassinated by the 'Terror Brigade' of the Socialist Revolutionaries
  • 1904-09-21 The general strike called by the Socialist Party that spread throughout Italy ends
  • 1907-01-26 In Austria, universal and direct suffrage (limited to males over 24) is introduced, a reform long demanded by the socialists and others
  • 1907-02-07 Conservative coalition take over Reichstag in Germany after rallying conservatives against the threat of a socialist government
  • 1908-05-24 Belgium Catholic socialist/liberal parliamentary election
  • 1909-02-28 1st National Woman's Day is observed in the United States. Organized by the Socialist Party of America in honor of the 1908 garment workers' strike in New York, where women protested against working conditions.
  • 1910-04-27 Belgian parliament rejects socialist motion for general voting rights
  • 1910-11-08 For the first time since 1894, the US elects a Democratic Congress, including the first socialist ever to sit in Congress, Victor L Berger of Milwaukee
  • 1911-03-04 Victor Berger (Wisc) becomes 1st socialist congressman in US

Historic Event

1911-11-20 The funeral of Paul and Laura Lafargue (daughter of Karl Marx) in Paris is attended by Lenin; the two socialists died in a suicide pact in the belief that their political usefulness was at an end

  • 1912-11-25 Socialist International rejects that world war is coming
  • 1914-01-01 Klaas ter Laan becomes The Netherlands 1st socialist mayor (Zaandam)
  • 1914-07-16 Socialist conference in Brussels (Kautsky, Trotski & Rosa Luxemburg)
  • 1914-07-25 Germany Socialist-Democrat Party declares: "No German blood for Austrian tyrant" in response to German support of Austria-Hungary

Historic Event

1914-11-15 Italian socialist Benito Mussolini founds newspaper Il Populo d'Italia

  • 1914-11-24 Benito Mussolini leaves Italy's socialist party
  • 1916-08-23 Military court of Berlin sentences socialist Karl Liebknecht to 4 years
  • 1917-07-21 Russian Revolution: Socialist Alexander Kerensky becomes Russian Prime Minister

Red October

1917-11-07 The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic is proclaimed; first Council of People's Commissars is formed with Vladimir Lenin as leader and including Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin

  • 1918-03-18 Socialist Youth AJC organizes in Amsterdam
  • 1918-06-30 Prominent US Socialist and Pacifist Eugene Debs is arrested on charges of denouncing the government, a violation of the Espionage Act of 1917
  • 1918-07-10 Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic forms
  • 1919-01-05 German Workers' Party forms, precursor to the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazi)
  • 1919-01-15 Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, two of the most prominent socialists in Germany, are tortured and murdered by the Freikorps
  • 1919-02-03 Socialist conference convenes (Berne, Switzerland)

Historic Event

1919-05-01 "L'Ordine Nuovo" Italian socialist weekly newspaper established in Turin by Antonio Gramsci, Angelo Tasca and Palmiro Togliatti

  • 1920-01-02 Responding to global fear of communism caused by the Russian Revolution, US Attorney General Palmer authorizes raids across the country on unionists and socialists
  • 1920-01-07 Five duly elected Socialist assemblymen are denied by the New York State Assembly
  • 1921-02-27 The International Working Union of Socialist Parties is founded in Vienna

Historic Event

1921-07-29 Adolf Hitler becomes leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party

  • 1922-08-01 In Italy, the socialist 'Alianza del Lavoro' declare a national strike which collapses immediately and fascist forces destroy union and socialist headquarters
  • 1922-11-30 Adolf Hitler speaks to 50,000 national-socialists in Munich, Germany
  • 1922-12-20 14 republics form Union of Soviet Socialistic Republics (USSR)
  • 1923-01-01 Union of Socialist Soviet Republics established
  • 1923-02-05 Mass arrests of socialists & communists in Italy
  • 1923-05-01 Adolf Hitler and Ernst Rohm attempt to break up socialist May Day demonstrates, inviting Nazis from as far away as Nuremberg to take part in the violence
  • 1923-05-04 Bloody street battles between Nazis, socialist & police in Vienna
  • 1923-05-26 Socialist Workers Youth International forms in Hamburg
  • 1924-04-11 Socialists win Danish parliamentary elections
  • 1924-05-30 Socialist Matteotti falls in Italian parliament by fascists
  • 1924-06-11 Koos Vorrink elected President of Arbeiders Jeugd Organisatie (AJC) Socialist Youth Movement
  • 1925-02-02 Belgian episcopacy rejects liberalism, communism & socialism
  • 1925-03-02 Dutch Socialists demand drastic disarmament
  • 1925-08-18 Cardinal Mercier warns Belgians against socialism/liberalism
  • 1925-11-05 Mussolini disbands Italian socialist parties
  • 1929-02-03 Revolutionary Socialist Party forms in Amsterdam
  • 1931-03-20 Bishop Schreiber warns against national-socialism in Berlin
  • 1932-11-09 Riots between conservative and socialist supporters in Switzerland kill 12 and injure 60.

Historic Event

1933-05-17 Vidkun Quisling and Johan Bernhard Hjort form Nasjonal Samling, the national-socialist party of Norway

  • 1934-02-13 Austrian Dollfuss government bans socialist party
  • 1934-03-29 Bank of Travail in Belgium, socialist workers' movement bankrupt
  • 1934-07-27 French socialist/communist party of People's Front forms
  • 1935-03-03 Dutch Revolutionary Socialist Worker's party (RSAP), forms
  • 1935-06-30 The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its first congress
  • 1935-11-24 The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its second congress.
  • 1936-01-16 Spanish socialists, communists and anarchists form Unidad Popular
  • 1937-06-21 French People's Popular Front government of Socialist Léon Blum falls
  • 1941-06-22 Various Communist and Socialist French Resistance movements merge to one group

Meeting of Interest

1943-07-08 Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging (Dutch National Socialist Movement) leader Anton Mussert meets with Heinrich Himmler

  • 1945-11-29 Yugoslavian Socialist Republic proclaimed
  • 1946-02-01 Norwegian politician Trygve Lie becomes 1st Secretary General of the United Nations
  • 1946-03-13 Paul-Henri Spaak (Belgium Socialist Party) forms Belgian government - shortest Belgian government (ends 31 March)
  • 1946-04-16 Dutch Special Court of Justice sentences Frederik Müller, Socialist mayor of Rotterdam, to 10 years in jail for his wartime support of Germany
  • 1946-04-21 Socialistic Einheitspartei Germany forms in East Germany
  • 1946-06-18 Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia, a Socialist calls for a Direct Action Day against the Portuguese in Goa. A road is named after this date in Panjim
  • 1947-03-19 Belgian government of Paul-Henri Spaak (Belgium Socialist Party) forms
  • 1948-01-29 Pakistan Socialist Party is founded
  • 1948-08-06 Willem Drees forms Socialist government (KVP/Social Democratics/CHU/Liberal) in the Netherlands
  • 1953-01-06 The first Asian Socialist Conference opens in Burma
  • 1954-05-01 Bishops publish Mandement (member socialist org forbidden)
  • 1957-01-26 Dutch Pacifist Socialist Party forms
  • 1963-04-07 Yugoslavia proclaimed a Socialistic republic
  • 1964-09-15 Final edition of socialist British newspaper "Daily Herald"
  • 1967-01-29 The Arusha Declaration written by Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere is issued, clarifying Tanzania's path towards Ujamaa (African socialism)

Historic Event

1968-03-21 Portuguese socialist Mário Soares banished to Sao Tomé, having been arrested by secret police under dictator António de Oliveira Salazar

  • 1968-04-06 94.5% of East German voters approve new socialist constitution
  • 1968-04-08 New socialist constitution of East Germany takes effect
  • 1968-11-10 Portuguese socialist Mário Soares released from banishment in Sao Tomé under new regieme of Marcello Caetano
  • 1970-04-20 Bruno Kreisky becomes 1st socialist chancellor of Austria
  • 1970-06-22 Irish socialist, republican and Member of Parliament, Bernadette Devlin, loses her appeal against a 6-month prison sentence imposed for taking part in riots in Derry
  • 1972-04-19 Hungary revises its constitution to declare itself a socialist state

Historic Event

1972-06-17 Chilean President Salvador Allende forms a new socialist government

  • 1974-10-10 The Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) and its political wing the Irish Republican Socialist Party (IRSP) founded at the Spa Hotel in the village of Lucan near Dublin
  • 1974-12-08 Irish Republican Socialist Party forms
  • 1974-12-20 Ethiopia becomes socialist one-party state
  • 1975-04-25 Mário Soares' Socialist Party wins Portugal's first free election since 1925 following the Carnation Revolution of 1974

Famous Birthdays

  • 1760-11-23 Gracchus Babeuf, French utopian socialist (Tribun du Peuple)
  • 1771-05-14 Robert Owen, Welsh factory owner and utopian socialist, born in Newtown, Wales (d. 1858)
  • 1772-04-07 F M Charles Fourier, French socialist
  • 1805-08-29 Frederick Maurice, English theologian of the Church of England (Christian Socialism), and author, born in Normanston, Suffolk, England (d. 1872)
  • 1809-01-15 Pierre Joseph Proudhon, French politician & philosopher ("father of anarchism"), born in Besançon, France (d. 1865)
  • 1812-01-21 Moses Hess, Jewish socialist and nationalist, born in Bonn, Germany (d. 1875)

Friedrich Engels

1820-11-28 Friedrich Engels, German social philosopher and revolutionary socialist who co-authored "The Communist Manifesto" with Karl Marx, born in Barmen, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1895)

  • 1825-04-11 Ferdinand Lassalle, French socialist and political activist (Allgemeiner), born in Breslau, Prussia (d. 1864)
  • 1826-03-29 Wilhelm Liebknecht, German socialist (Social Democratic Party), born in Giessen, Germany (d. 1900)
  • 1828-09-28 Friedrich Albert Lange, German philosopher and socialist (Neo-Kantianism), born in Wald, Solingen, Germany (d. 1875)
  • 1834-03-24 William Morris, England, designer/craftsman/poet/socialist
  • 1838-06-24 Gustav von Schmoller, German economist (Lectern Socialism), born in Heilbronn, Germany (d. 1917)

Georges Clémenceau

1841-09-28 Georges Clémenceau, Prime Minister of France (Radical-Socialist Party: 1906-09, 1917-20) who defended Dreyfuss, born in Mouilleron-en-Pareds, France (d. 1929)

  • 1850-03-26 Edward Bellamy, American author (Looking Backward) and socialist, born in Chicopee, Massachusetts (d. 1898)
  • 1853-09-13 Sophia Perovskaya, Soviet icon, aristocrat, and socialist revolutionary (Narodnaya Volya), who helped orchestrate the successful assassination of Alexander II of Russia, born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1881)
  • 1854-10-16 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian marxist/socialist
  • 1855-01-03 Hubert Bland, English socialist (d. 1914)
  • 1855-11-05 Eugene V. Debs, American labor leader and Socialist presidential candidate, born in Terre Haute, Indiana (d. 1926)
  • 1856-07-06 Edward Anseele, Belgian socialist politician, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1938)
  • 1857-07-05 Clara Zetkin, German feminist, Socialist, and Communist leader, born in Wiederau, Saxony (d. 1933)
  • 1858-04-07 Adrien H Gerhard, Dutch socialist politician (SDAP)
  • 1859-09-03 Jean Jaurès, French socialist (L'Humanité, Les Preuves), born in Castres, Second French Empire (d. 1914)
  • 1863-09-18 Hermann Kutter, Swiss Protestant theologian (founder of Christian Socialism in Switzerland), born in Bern, Switzerland (d. 1931)
  • 1863-09-29 Hugo Haase, German socialist politician (SPD, USPD) and co-chair of the Council of the People's Deputies (1918-19), born in Allenstein, East Prussia (d. 1919)
  • 1864-11-26 Herman Gorter, Dutch socialist and poet (May, Tiny Hero's Poem), born in Wormerveer, Netherlands (d. 1927)
  • 1865-07-02 Lily Braun, German feminist and socialist writer (Im Schatten Titanen), born in Halberstadt, Saxony, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1916)
  • 1866-01-25 Emile Vandervelde, President (1900–1918) of the International Socialist Bureau and Minister of 3 Belgian governments (d. 1938)
  • 1868-06-05 James Connolly, Irish socialist (founder of the Irish Socialist Republican Party), born in Cowgate, Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1916)
  • 1870-04-07 Gustav Landauer, German socialist
  • 1871-03-05 Rosa Luxemburg, Polish-German Marxist revolutionary and founder of the Spartacus League, born in Zamość, Poland (d. 1919)
  • 1871-07-08 Kornelis ter Laan, 1st Dutch socialist mayor (Zaandam)
  • 1873-01-15 Max Adler, Austria jurist & social philosopher (Austromarxism), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1937)
  • 1876-01-12 Jack London, American writer/socialist (Call of the Wild), born in San Francisco (d. 1916)
  • 1876-03-11 David Wijnkoop, Dutch revolutionary socialist, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1941)
  • 1877-02-26 Carel Steven Adama van Scheltema, Dutch socialist poet, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1924)
  • 1877-06-05 Johan W. Albarda, 1st Dutch socialist minister (1939-45)
  • 1878-06-17 Albert Thomas, French socialist politician (Minister of Armament WW1), born in Champigny-sur-Marne (d. 1932)
  • 1878-08-13 Salomon "Sam" de Wolff, Dutch zionist and socialist theorist, born in Sneek, Netherlands (d. 1960)
  • 1879-05-10 Symon Petliura, Ukrainian socialist leader (pogroms), born in Poltava, Ukraine, Russian Empire (d. 1926)
  • 1879-07-01 Leon Jouhaux, French socialist and co-founder UN's ILO (Nobel 1951), born in Paris (d. 1954)
  • 1879-07-09 Friedrich Adler, Austrian socialist politician, revolutionary and murderer of premier Storgkh, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1960)
  • 1879-11-17 Gerardus H. de Haas, Dutch socialist vicar
  • 1881-03-12 Daniel Webster Hoan, Wisc (Mayor-Socialist-Milwaukee)
  • 1883-06-21 Feodor Gladkov, Russian socialist writer (Cement), born in Bolshaya Chernavka, Saratov Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1958)
  • 1884-11-20 Norman Thomas, American socialist, pacifist and presidential candidate (1928-48), born in Marion Ohio (d. 1968)
  • 1884-12-06 Rose Schneiderman, American socialist, feminist, trade union leader and secretary of labor for New York State (1937-44), born in Sawin, Poland (d. 1972)
  • 1885-05-22 Giacomo Matteotti, Italian Socialist Party leader, born in Fratta Polesine, Italy (d. 1924)

Inez Milholland

1886-08-06 Inez Milholland, American suffragist (National Woman's Party), labor lawyer and socialist, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1916)

  • 1889-09-25 G. D. H. Cole, English political theorist and socialist, born in Cambridge, England (d. 1959)
  • 1891-02-09 Pietro Nenni, Italian socialist/minister of foreign affairs (1946-47)
  • 1891-05-07 Harry McShane, Scottish socialist (d. 1988)
  • 1891-06-07 Koos [Jacobus Jan] Vorrink, Dutch politician and socialist (SDAP/AJC/PvdA), born in Vlaardingen, Zuid, Holland, Netherlands (d. 1955)
  • 1895-05-02 Alfred Kurella, German author and functionary of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany in East Germany, born in Brieg, Silesia (d. 1975)
  • 1895-05-06 Fidél Pálffy, Hungarian National socialist (leading supporter of Nazism in Hungary), born in Szentgyörgy, Austria-Hungary (d. 1946)
  • 1896-12-21 Carl Romme, Dutch catholic foreman/KVP-min Socialist Business, born in Oirschot, Netherlands (d. 1980)
  • 1897-08-05 Aksel Larsen, Danish politician, founder of the Socialist People's Party, born in Brændekilde, Denmark (d. 1972)
  • 1897-10-03 Louis Aragon, French poet and writer (Les Lettres françaises, Pour un réalisme socialiste), born in Paris, France (d. 1982)
  • 1906-07-23 Chandra Sekhar Azad, Indian revolutionary (Hindustan Socialist Republican Army), born in Bhavra, Central India Agency, British India (d. 1931)
  • 1907-11-03 Jim Hepburn, British tap-dancer and socialist, born in London, England (d. 1995)
  • 1910-09-14 Gaston Defferre, French Socialist politician, born in Marsillargues, France (d. 1986)
  • 1913-07-14 Fritz Erler, German socialist politician (SDP), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1967)
  • 1917-12-06 Kamal Jumblatt, Lebanese politician and founder of the Progressive Socialist Party, born in Moukhtara, Chouf, Mutasarrifate of Mount Lebanon, Ottoman Empire (d. 1977)
  • 1921-01-14 Murray Bookchin, American libertarian socialist, born in NYC, New York (d. 2006)
  • 1922-11-18 Viktor Afanasyev, Soviet politician and editor (Pravda), born in Aktamysh, Tatar A.S.S.R., Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic (d. 1994)
  • 1923-03-23 Abderrahim Bouabid, Moroccan politician (Socialist Union of Popular Forces) and an opponent of French Imperialism and King Hassan II, born in Salé, Morocco (d. 1992)
  • 1925-08-08 Jack Stoddart, designer/socialist
  • 1925-09-30 Gwyn A. Williams, Welsh historian and socialist, born in Dowlais, Wales (d. 1995)
  • 1928-02-24 Michael Harrington, socialist/author (Fragments of Century), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1928-11-20 Aleksey Batalov, Russian actor named a People's Artist of the USSR (1976) and a Hero of Socialist Labour (1989), born in Vladimir, Soviet Union (d. 2017)
  • 1930-08-04 John Gorman, printer and socialist historian, born in Stratford, East London (d. 1996)
  • 1934-02-24 Bettino Craxi, Italy's 1st socialist premier (1983-87)
  • 1934-12-24 Stjepan Mesić, president of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Secretary General of Non-Aligned Movement and president of Croatia.
  • 1938-01-11 Michael Fenn, docker/socialist
  • 1938-08-20 Alain Vivien, French Socialist Party politician (MILS, French Mission Interministérielle pour la Lutte contre les Sectes Chairman 1998-2002), born in Melun, France
  • 1939-09-18 Jorge Sampaio, 18th President of Portugal (Socialist Party: 1996-2006), born in Lisbon, Portugal
  • 1944-09-11 Freddy Thielemans, Belgian socialist politician (Mayor of Brussels), born in Laeken, Belgium
  • 1950-03-27 Petros Efthymiou, Greek politician (Panhellenic Socialist Movement), born in Larissa, Thessaly
  • 1952-10-08 Jan Marijnissen, Dutch politician (Leader of the Socialist Party), born in Oss, Netherlands
  • 1953-09-22 Ségolène Royal, French politician (Socialist party), 1st Frenchwoman to be nominated for the Presidency by a major party, born in Dakar, French West Africa

S

Famous Deaths

  • 1797-05-27 Francois-Noal "Gracchus" Babeuf, French utopian socialist, dies at 36
  • 1837-10-09 Charles Fourier, French utopian socialist (Harmony universal), dies
  • 1864-08-31 Ferdinand Lassalle, French socialist and political activist (Allgemeiner), dies at 39
  • 1875-11-21 Friedrich Albert Lange, German philosopher and socialist (Neo-Kantianism), dies at 67
  • 1881-04-15 Sophia Perovskaya, Soviet icon, aristocrat, and socialist revolutionary (Narodnaya Volya), who helped orchestrate the successful assassination of Tsar Alexander II of Russia, executed by hanging at 27

Friedrich Engels

1895-08-05 Friedrich Engels, German social philosopher and revolutionary socialist who co-authored "The Communist Manifesto" with Karl Marx, dies of throat cancer at 74

  • 1898-05-22 Edward Bellamy, American author (Looking Backward) and socialist, dies of tuberculosis at 48
  • 1900-08-06 Wilhelm Liebknecht, German socialist (Social Democratic Party), dies at 74
  • 1902-04-08 Dmitry Sipyagain, Russian Minister of Interior/headed Secret Service, assassinated by a Socialist-Revolutionary at 49
  • 1914-07-30 Jean Jaurès, leading socialist, assassinated in Paris
  • 1914-07-31 A J Jean Jaurès, French socialist (L'Humanité/Les Preuves), murdered=
  • 1916-05-12 James Connolly, Irish socialist (founder of the Irish Socialist Republican Party), dies at 47
  • 1916-08-09 Lily Braun, German feminist and socialist writer (Im Schatten Titanen), dies at 51

Inez Milholland

1916-11-25 Inez Milholland, American suffragist (National Woman's Party), labor lawyer and socialist, dies at 30 after suffering from pernicious anemia

  • 1917-06-27 Gustav von Schmoller, German economist (Lectern Socialism), dies at 79
  • 1918-01-02 Sybe Kornelis Bakker, Dutch Christian socialist & reformed preacher, dies at 42
  • 1919-05-02 Gustav Landauer, German socialist, dies
  • 1919-11-07 Hugo Haase, German socialist politician (SPD, USPD) and co-chair of the Council of the People's Deputies (1918-19), shot and killed in the Reichstag at 56
  • 1919-11-18 Ferdinand Domela Newenhouse, anarchist (free socialist), dies
  • 1920-02-12 Jean Allemane, French socialist/communard (allemanisten), dies at 77
  • 1924-05-06 Carel S Adama van Scheltema, poet/writer (socialism), dies at 47
  • 1924-06-10 Giacomo Matteotti, Italian Socialist Party leader, assassinated by fascists at 39
  • 1926-05-25 Symon Petliura, Ukrainian socialist leader (pogroms), assassinated in Paris at 47 by Sholom Schwartzbard
  • 1926-10-20 Eugene V. Debs, American labor leader and Socialist presidential candidate, dies at 70
  • 1927-09-15 Herman Gorter, Dutch socialist and poet (May, Tiny Hero's Poem), dies at 62

Georges Clémenceau

1929-11-24 Georges Clémenceau, Prime Minister of France (Radical-Socialist Party: 1906-09, 1917-20) who defended Dreyfuss, dies at 88

  • 1931-02-27 Chandra Sekhar Azad, Indian revolutionary (Hindustan Socialist Republican Army), dies at 24
  • 1931-03-31 Hermann Kutter, Swiss Protestant theologian (founder of Christian Socialism in Switzerland), dies at 67
  • 1932-05-07 Albert Thomas, French socialist politician (Minister of Armament WW1), dies at 53
  • 1933-06-20 Clara Zetkin, German feminist, Socialist, and Communist leader, dies at 75
  • 1937-06-28 Max Adler, Austrian socialist theorist, dies at 64
  • 1938-02-18 Edward Anseele, Belgian socialist politician, dies at 81
  • 1938-10-18 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian Marxist/socialist, dies at 83
  • 1938-12-27 Emile Vandervelde, President (1900–1918) of the International Socialist Bureau and Minister of 3 Belgian governments dies at 72
  • 1941-05-07 David Wijnkoop, Dutch revolutionary socialist, dies
  • 1941-07-26 Marx Dormoy, French socialist, killed by a time bomb
  • 1942-10-22 Sybren Tulip, Dutch National Socialist Party (NSB) member, and Superintendent of Police in Amsterdam (1941-42), dies of rheumatic fever at 53
  • 1943-04-24 Gerardus H de Hare, socialist vicar, dies at 63
  • 1943-05-11 Szmul Zygielbojm, Jewish-Polish socialist politician (Bund) and activist, commits suicide to protest Allied indifference to the Holocaust during WWII at 48
  • 1945-06-06 Meinoud M Rost van Tonningen, Dutch Nazi collaborator (National Socialist Movement (1937-41), commits suicide at 51
  • 1946-03-02 Fidél Pálffy, Hungarian National socialist (leading supporter of Nazism in Hungary), dies at 50
  • 1946-05-07 Anton Mussert, Dutch fascist and leader of the Nationalist Socialist Movement, executed for high treason at 51
  • 1947-10-13 Sydney Webb, English socialist and economist (founded London School of Economics) and husband of Beatrice Webb, dies at 88
  • 1954-04-28 Léon Jouhaux, French socialist & co-founder UN's ILO (Nobel Peace Prize 1951), dies at 74
  • 1955-07-19 Koos [Jacobus Jan] Vorrink, Dutch politician and socialist (SDAP/AJC/PvdA), dies at 64
  • 1959-01-14 G. D. H. Cole, English political theorist and socialist, dies at 69
  • 1960-01-02 Friedrich Adler, Austrian socialist politician & revolutionary (assassinated Count von Storgkh), dies at 80
  • 1960-10-12 Inejiro Asanuma, Leader of the Japanese Socialist Party, murdered at 61
  • 1960-11-24 Salomon "Sam" de Wolff, Dutch zionist and socialist theorist, dies at 82
  • 1962-11-20 Jasper McLevy, American politician (Socialist mayor of Bridgeport, Connecticut, 1933-57), dies at 84
  • 1963-03-06 Kornelis ter Laan, 1st Dutch socialist mayor (Zaandam), dies at 91
  • 1965-10-29 Mehdi Am Barka, Moroccan socialist leader, murdered in Paris
  • 1967-10-12 Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia, Indian Socialist politician, dies at 57
  • 1968-12-19 Norman Thomas, American socialist, pacifist and presidential candidate (1928-48), dies at 84
  • 1972-08-11 Rose Schneiderman, American socialist, feminist, trade union leader and secretary of labor for New York State (1937-44), dies at 90
  • 1974-09-11 Víctor Olea Alegría, Chilean Socialist Party member
  • 1975-06-12 Alfred Kurella, German author and functionary of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany in East Germany, dies at 80
  • 1976-07-30 Emil Solomon "Solly" Sachs, South African socialist, dies in London
  • 1977-03-16 Kamal Jumblatt, Lebanese politician and founder of the Progressive Socialist Party, assassinated by unknown gunmen at 59
  • 1980-01-01 Pietro Nenni, Italian politician (Socialists), dies at 88
  • 1982-12-24 Louis Aragon, French poet and writer (Les Lettres françaises, Pour un réalisme socialiste), dies at 85
  • 1986-05-07 Gaston Defferre, French Socialist politician, dies at 75
  • 1991-09-08 Jan J Lipski, chairman (Polish Socialist Party)/writer, dies
  • 1992-01-08 Abderrahim Bouabid, Moroccan politician (Socialist Union of Popular Forces) and an opponent of French Imperialism and King Hassan II, dies at 69
  • 1995-08-29 Jack Stoddart, designer/socialist, dies at 70
  • 1995-11-16 Gwyn A. Williams, Welsh historian and socialist, dies at 70
  • 1995-12-15 Jim [James Geoffrey Cutcliffe] Hepburn, English tap-dancer and socialist, dies at 88
  • 1996-07-28 Mickey Fenn, docker/socialist, dies at 58
  • 1996-10-02 Frida Knight, English Communist activist and author, dies at 85
  • 1996-10-31 John Gorman, printer and socialist historian, dies at 66
  • 2006-07-30 Murray Bookchin, American libertarian socialist (b. 1921)
  • 2017-06-15 Aleksey Batalov, Russian actor named a People's Artist of the USSR (1976) and a Hero of Socialist Labour (1989), dies at 88