Today in Trotskyist History

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908-10-03 Pravda newspaper founded by Leon Trotsky, Adolph Joffe, Matvey Skobelev and other Russian exiles in Vienna

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky

RussiaRed October

1917-11-07 The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic is proclaimed; first Council of People's Commissars is formed with Vladimir Lenin as leader and including Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin
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Protesters scatter in Petrograd shortly after Russian government troops opened fire
Protesters scatter in Petrograd shortly after Russian government troops opened fire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919-03-23 8th Congress of the Russian Communist Party re-establishes a five-member Politburo which becomes the center of political power in the Soviet Union. Original members Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, Joseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev and Nikolai Krestinsky

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1921-03-07 Red Army under Trotsky attack sailors of Kronstadt naval base
  • 1924-01-21 Vladimir Lenin's Testament is handed over to the Communist Party; it calls for changes to the Soviet governing structure and criticizes Joseph Stalin, Leon Trotsky and other members
  • 1925-01-06 Mikhail Frunze replaces Leon Trotsky as People's Commissioner of Military and Native Affairs (Minister of Defence) as Trotsky and Joseph Stalin battle for power in the aftermath of Vladimir Lenin's death
  • 1926-10-19 Russian Politburo throws out Leon Trotsky and his followers
  • 1926-11-19 Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Politburo in the Soviet Union
  • 1927-11-12 Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Soviet Communist Party, paving the way for Joseph Stalin to consolidate complete power
  • 1928-01-10 Soviet Union orders exile of Leon Trotsky
  • 1929-01-31 Leon Trotsky expelled from Russia to Turkey
  • 1936-08-19 Trial against Ljev Kamenev & Grigori Zinovjev because of "Trotskyism" opens in Moscow
  • 1960-05-06 Trotsky's murderer Jacques Mornard (Ramon Mercader) freed in Mexico
  • 1982-07-08 Senegalese Trotskyist political party LCT is legally recognized

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestLeon Trotsky

1879-11-07 Leon Trotsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, political theorist and founder of the Red Army [OS 26-10-1879], born in Yelizavetgrad, Russian Empire (d. 1940)

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1907-04-03 Isaac Deutscher, Polish-English historian (Stalin/Trotsky biography), born in Chrzanów, Poland (d. 1967)
  • 1911-08-24 Michel Pablo [Michalis N. Raptis], Chilean-Greek writer and Trotskyist revolutionary (Fourth International), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1996)
  • 1914-02-07 Jacques Mornard, [Ramon Mercader], murderer (Trotsky)
  • 1946-03-25 Daniel Bensaïd, French philosopher and a leader of the Trotskyist movement in France, born in Toulouse, France (d. 2010)

Famous Deaths


MurderLeon Trotsky

1940-08-21 Leon Trotsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, political theorist and founder of the Red Army, assassinated at 62 by an ice-pick wielding Ramón Mercader

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1967-08-19 Isaac Deutscher, Polish-English historian (Stalin/Trotsky biography), dies at 60
  • 1978-10-18 Jacques Mornard, [Ramon Mercader], murderer of Trotsky, dies at 64
  • 1996-02-17 Michel Pablo [Michalis N. Raptis], Chilean-Greek writer and Trotskyist revolutionary (Fourth International), dies at 84
  • 2006-07-20 Ted Grant, British Trotskyist (b. 1913)
  • 2010-01-12 Daniel Bensaïd, French philosopher and a leader of the Trotskyist movement in France, dies of cancer caused by the side effects of drugs used to treat AIDS at 63