Women's Suffrage History

Historical Events

Historic Event

1867-05-20 British parliament rejects John Stuart Mills' proposals on women's suffrage

  • 1867-08-15 The Representation of the People Act (1867) extends suffrage in the UK
  • 1869-11-24 American Woman's Suffrage Association forms (Cleveland)
  • 1869-12-10 Women suffrage (right to vote) granted in Wyoming Territory (US 1st)
  • 1870-02-14 Esther Morris appointed US' first female in Justice of the Peace in South Pass City, Wyoming, after previous justice, R.S. Barr, resigned to protest passage of Wyoming Territory's women's suffrage amendment in 1869
  • 1872-06-18 Woman's Suffrage Convention held at Merchantile Liberty Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Historic Event

1872-11-18 Suffragette Susan B. Anthony is arrested by a U.S. Deputy Marshal and charged with illegally voting

  • 1878-01-10 US Senate proposes female suffrage
  • 1884-03-08 Susan B. Anthony addresses U.S. House Judiciary Committee arguing for an amendment to the U.S. Constitution granting women the right to vote, 16 years after legislators 1st introduced a federal women's suffrage amendment.
  • 1890-07-10 Wyoming becomes 44th state of US (1st with female suffrage)

Historic Event

1893-07-28 A petition organised by Kate Sheppard, demanding women's suffrage, is delivered to New Zealand's parliament; signed by over 25,000 women, a 5th of the adult European female population

  • 1893-11-07 US State Colorado accepts female suffrage
  • 1894-02-05 Female suffrage organization in Amsterdam forms
  • 1894-08-02 Dutch Society for Women Suffrage gets royal charter
  • 1895-11-05 US state Utah accepts female suffrage
  • 1902-01-12 Uddevalla Suffrage Association is formally dissolved
  • 1902-02-11 Police beat up universal suffrage demonstrators in Brussels
  • 1902-04-08 Demonstration organised by socialists in Belgium as people demand better education, living conditions, the right to strike and universal male suffrage result in a riot and some deaths
  • 1902-06-12 Australian parliament agrees to Commonwealth Franchise Act, granting female suffrage
  • 1903-12-09 Norwegian parliament votes unanimiously for female suffrage
  • 1905-05-08 Union of Unions organizes In Russia under the chairmanship of Paul Miliukov and joins liberal groups demanding parliamentary government and universal suffrage
  • 1906-03-07 Finnish Senate accepts universal suffrage, except for poor
  • 1907-01-26 In Austria, universal and direct suffrage (limited to males over 24) is introduced, a reform long demanded by the socialists and others
  • 1907-02-07 The Mud March, first large procession organized by the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS)
  • 1907-02-13 English suffragettes storm British Parliament & 60 women are arrested
  • 1907-05-14 Sweden adopts universal suffrage for elections to its lower house and proportional representation for both houses
  • 1907-06-14 Norway adopts female suffrage for middle class women only in parliamentary elections
  • 1910-09-18 25,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam for general male/female suffrage
  • 1910-11-06 SDAP/NVV initiate campaign for general males/female suffrage
  • 1911-04-30 Portugal approves female suffrage
  • 1912-11-05 Arizona, Kansas & Wisconsin vote for female suffrage

Woman Suffrage Procession

1913-03-03 Woman suffrage procession through Washington, D.C. organized by Alice Paul and Lucy Burns and led by Inez Milholland. Ida B. Wells marched with her Illinois delegation despite blacks being told to march in a separate section.

Historic Event

1913-04-03 British suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst sentenced to 3 years in jail

Historic Event

1913-06-04 English suffragette Emily Davison dies after throwing herself in front of King George V's horse Anmer during running of the Derby at Epsom

  • 1913-09-16 Thousands of women demonstrate for Dutch female suffrage
  • 1914-03-10 Suffragettes in London damage Rokeby's painting Venus of Velasquez
  • 1914-05-06 British House of Lords rejects women's suffrage
  • 1915-06-05 Denmark amends its constitution to allow women's suffrage

Women's Suffrage March on Fifth Ave, New York

1915-10-23 An estimated 25,000 supporters in a women's suffrage march on New York's Fifth Ave, led by Dr. Anna Shaw and Carrie Chapman Catt, founder of the League of Women Voters

  • 1916-04-08 Norway approves active & passive female suffrage
  • 1916-06-06 Voters in East Cleveland, Ohio approve women suffrage
  • 1916-10-17 Dutch women demonstrate for female suffrage

Historic Event

1916-10-22 US suffragette Inez Milholland collapses during a speech in Los Angeles (dies weeks later). Her last word's are to President Woodrow Wilson “Mr. President, how long must women wait for liberty?”

  • 1916-11-05 Second Chamber accept initial impetus to general males/female suffrage

Historic Event

1917-01-10 Suffragettes the "Silent Sentinels" first protest outside The White House, in Washington led by Alice Paul and the National Woman's Party

  • 1917-10-20 US suffragette Alice Paul begins a 7 month jail sentence for peacefully picketing in support of the women's Suffrage (right to vote) Amendment at the White House in Washington, D.C.
  • 1917-10-27 20,000 women march in a suffrage parade in New York, US
  • 1919-06-04 US Congress passes the Women's Suffrage Bill, the 19th Amendment
  • 1919-07-10 Dutch parliament approves women's right to vote
  • 1919-09-18 Dutch second chamber accepts female suffrage
  • 1920-02-08 Swiss men vote against women's suffrage

American Women Demand Their Rights

1920-08-18 State Representative Harry T. Burn (24) casts deciding vote in Tennessee's and thus America's ratification of the 19th Amendment to the constitution allowing women's suffrage, after reading a letter from his mother

  • 1921-06-11 Brazil adopts women's suffrage
  • 1922-12-29 Revised Netherlands Law proclaims suffrage
  • 1923-04-19 New Egyptian law allows suffrage for men, except soldiers
  • 1925-03-02 Japan's House of Representatives recognizes male suffrage

Historic Event

1928-05-12 Benito Mussolini announces moves to end women's suffrage in a speech to the Senate in Italy

  • 1929-12-06 Turkey introduces female suffrage
  • 1931-10-01 Spanish Cortes accept general female suffrage
  • 1937-04-30 The Philippines holds a plebiscite for Filipino women on whether they should be extended the right to suffrage; over 90% would vote in the affirmative
  • 1944-10-05 Suffrage is extended to women in France

Historic Event

1947-05-03 Japan's post-war constitution goes into effect, granting universal suffrage, stripping Emperor Hirohito of all but symbolic power and outlawing Japan's right to make war

  • 1951-09-20 Swiss males votes against female suffrage
  • 1952-04-09 Hugo Ballivian's government is overthrown by the Bolivian National Revolution, starting a period of agrarian reform, universal suffrage and the nationalisation of tin mines
  • 1953-11-18 Anti-Revolutionary Party (ARP) accept female suffrage
  • 1956-02-27 Female suffrage granted in Egypt
  • 1966-06-26 Kanton Bazel leads female suffrage in Switzerland
  • 1966-11-20 Men in Zurich vote against female suffrage
  • 1969-04-23 The Unionist Parliamentary Party votes by 28 to 22 to introduce universal adult suffrage in local government elections in Northern Ireland; the demand for 'one man, one vote' had been one of the most powerful slogans of the civil rights movement
  • 1969-09-14 Male voters of Swiss Canton Schaffhausen reject female suffrage
  • 1971-02-07 Switzerland votes for national women's suffrage in a referendum
  • 1978-10-10 US Congress approves dollar coin honoring women's suffrage campaigner Susan B. Anthony
  • 1979-08-10 Ecuador adopts its 17th constitution, extending citizenship and suffrage to all Ecuadorians over 18
  • 2005-05-16 Kuwait permits women's suffrage in a 35-23 National Assembly vote
  • 2005-12-04 Tens of thousands of people in Hong Kong protest for democracy and call on the Government to allow universal and equal suffrage

Famous Birthdays

  • 1811-11-29 Wendell Phillips, American abolitionist, women's suffrage advocate and prison reformer, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1884)
  • 1818-08-13 Lucy Stone, American abolitionist (US Woman's Suffrage Association), born in West Brookefield, Massachusetts (d. 1893)
  • 1820-01-20 Anne Clough, English suffragette, promoted higher education for women, first principal of New College, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1892)

Susan B. AnthonySusan B. Anthony (1820-1906)

1820-02-15 American social reformer and women's suffrage movement leader, born in Adams, Massachusetts

  • 1821-12-19 Mary Ashton Livermore, American reformer/women's suffrage leader
  • 1838-08-17 Laura de Force Gordon, California lawyer, a prominent suffragette, and 1st woman to run a daily newspaper in the US (Stockton Daily Leader, 1874), born in North East, Pennsylvania (d. 1907)

Victoria WoodhullVictoria Woodhull (1838-1927)

1838-09-23 American civil rights activist (1872 presidential candidate, woman's suffrage movement), born in Homer, Ohio

  • 1847-02-14 Anna Howard Shaw, American suffragette, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England (d. 1919)

Kate SheppardKate Sheppard (1847-1934)

1847-03-10 New Zealand suffragette and the most prominent member of New Zealand's women's suffrage movement, born in Liverpool, England

  • 1847-10-08 Rose Scott, Australian social reformer and suffragette, born in Glendon, New South Wales, Australia (d. 1925)
  • 1853-01-17 Alva Belmont, American socialite & suffragette (d. 1933)

Emmeline PankhurstEmmeline Pankhurst (1858-1928)

1858-07-15 British suffragette who formed the Women's Social & Political Union (1903), born in Moss Side, Manchester

  • 1859-01-09 Carrie Chapman Catt, American women's suffrage leader and founder (League of Women Voters), born in Ripon, Wisconsin (d. 1947)
  • 1872-10-11 Emily Davison, English suffragette who died when hit by King George's horse at Epsom Derby, born in Greenwich, England (d. 1913)
  • 1882-05-05 Sylvia Pankhurst, English feminist and suffragette, born in Old Trafford, Manchester, England (d. 1960)
  • 1887-07-29 Komako Kimura, Japanese suffragette, actress and editor (d. 1980)
  • 1889-04-18 Jessie Street, Australian suffragette and aboriginal rights fighter, born in Ranchi, Bihar, Bengal Presidency, British Raj (d. 1970)

Eva PerónEva Perón (1919-1952)

1919-05-07 Argentine First Lady (1946-52) actress, suffragette, unionist and humanitarian who was inspiration for A.L. Webber's musical "Evita", born in Los Toldos, Argentina


Famous Weddings

Kate Sheppard

1871-07-21 Suffragette Kate Sheppard (24) weds general merchant Walter Allen Sheppard in Christchurch, New Zealand

William Jennings Bryan

1884-10-01 American politician William Jennings Bryan (24) weds writer and future suffragette Mary Elizabeth Baird (23)

  • 1925-08-25 Suffragette Kate Sheppard (78) weds printer and author William Sidney Lovell-Smith (72) in Christchurch, New Zealand

Famous Deaths

  • 1892-02-27 Anne Clough, English suffragette, promoted higher education for women, first principal of New College, dies at 72
  • 1893-10-18 Lucy Stone, American abolitionist (US Woman's Suffrage Association), dies at 75

Susan B. AnthonySusan B. Anthony (1820-1906)

1906-03-13 American social reformer and women's suffrage movement leader, dies of pneumonia at 86

  • 1907-04-05 Laura de Force Gordon, California lawyer, a prominent suffragette, and 1st woman to run a daily newspaper in the US (Stockton Daily Leader, 1874), dies at 68
  • 1913-06-08 Emily Davison, English suffragette, dies after being hit by King George's horse at Epsom Derby 2 days earlier, at 40
  • 1919-07-02 Anna Howard Shaw, American suffragette, dies at 72

Victoria WoodhullVictoria Woodhull (1838-1927)

1927-06-09 American civil rights activist (1872 presidential candidate, woman's suffrage movement), dies at 88

Emmeline PankhurstEmmeline Pankhurst (1858-1928)

1928-06-14 British suffragette who formed the Women's Social & Political Union (1903), dies at 69

Kate SheppardKate Sheppard (1847-1934)

1934-07-13 New Zealand suffragette and the most prominent member of New Zealand's women's suffrage movement, dies at 87

  • 1947-03-09 Carrie Chapman Catt, American women's suffrage leader, dies at 88

Eva PerónEva Perón (1919-1952)

1952-07-26 Argentine First Lady (1946-52) actress, suffragette, unionist and humanitarian who was inspiration for A.L. Webber's musical "Evita", dies of cancer at 33

  • 1958-02-13 Dame Christabel Pankhurst, a leading suffragette (English) "Queen of the mob" (b.1880)
  • 1960-09-27 Sylvia Pankhurst, English feminist and suffragette, dies at 78
  • 1970-07-02 Jessie Street, Australian suffragette and aboriginal rights fighter, dies at 81
  • 1980-07-10 Komako Kimura, Japanese suffragette, actress and editor, dies at 92