On This Day

Christian History

Historical Events

  • 0001-01-01 Origin of the Christian Era
  • 0180-07-17 6 inhabitants of Carthage, North Africa executed for being Christians. Earliest record of Christianity in this part of the world.

Roman Empire

0303-02-23 Roman Emperor Diocletian begins his policy of persecuting Christians, razing the church at Nicomedia

  • 0303-02-24 1st official Roman edict for persecution of Christians issued by Emperor Diocletian
  • 0311-04-30 Roman Emperor Galerius issues Edict of Toleration, ending persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire
  • 0451-05-26 The Battle of Avarayr between Armenian rebels and the Sassanid Empire takes place. The Armenians are defeated militarily but are guaranteed freedom to openly practice Christianity.
  • 0743-03-01 The Roman Council at Estinnes decrees that Christian slaves may not be owned by Jews, fearing that the slaves may convert to Judaism
  • 0920-07-26 Rout of an alliance of Christian troops from Navarre and Léon against the Muslims at Pamplona
  • 0966-04-14 Christianisation of Poland - Polish ruler Mieszko I and his court baptized
  • 1219-02-18 Jerusalem re-taken by the Christian Crusader kingdom in a peace treaty between Holy Roman Emperor Frederik II and Egyptian ruler Al-Kamil
  • 1248-11-23 Conquest of Seville by Christian troops under King Ferdinand III of Castile after the city capitulates
  • 1480-08-12 Battle of Otranto - Ottoman troops behead 800 Christians for refusing to convert to Islam
  • 1535-07-22 Christians captured in Tunis in uprising against Admiral Barbarossa
  • 1593-06-22 Battle of Sisak: Allied Christian troops defeat the Turks

26 Martyrs of Japan Executed

1596-10-19 Spanish galleon San Felipe is shipwrecked in Urado on the Japanese island of Shikoku en route from Manila to Acapulco. Incident leads to the crucifixion of 26 Christians who become known as the Twenty-Six Martyrs of Japan.

  • 1597-02-05 A group of early Japanese Christians, known as the 26 Martyrs, are killed by the new government of Japan for being seen as a threat to Japanese society
  • 1649-04-21 Maryland Toleration Act passed in the American colony, allowing freedom of worship for Christians but sentencing to death anyone who rejected the divinity of Jesus
  • 1781-10-19 Edict of Toleration issued by Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II, providing limited freedom of worship for non-Roman Catholic Christians

French Revolution

1793-10-05 French Revolution: Christianity is disestablished in France.

  • 1794-02-26 Christiansborg Castle, Copenhagen burns down
  • 1817-03-25 Tsar Alexander I recommends formation of Society of Israeli Christians
  • 1886-06-03 24 Christians burn to death in Namgongo, Uganda
  • 1894-08-16 Indian chiefs from the Sioux & Onondaga tribes met to urge their people to renounce Christianity & return to their old Indian faith
  • 1900-01-27 Foreign diplomats in Peking, China, write formal notes of protest demanding that the Chinese Government stop the Boxes and other groups leading attacks on Westerners and Christians.
  • 1900-05-17 In China, three villages within 100 miles of Peking are burned by Boxers and 60 Chinese Christians killed
  • 1900-06-22 In China, practically the whole foreign community in Peking, including many Chinese Christians, retreat to British compounds
  • 1921-06-19 Turks and Christians of Palestine sign a friendship treaty against Jews
  • 1945-04-08 Dutch Nazi occupiers executed, Nazi general Christiansen flees Netherlands
  • 1948-08-12 Court of justice sentences General Friedrich Christiansen, commander of the German Wehrmacht in the Netherlands, to 12 years imprisonment
  • 1951-10-14 Det Lion Jack Christiansen returns 2 punts for touchdowns vs LA Rams
  • 1951-12-19 Nazi General Christiansen leaves Netherlands
  • 1981-06-17 Battle between Muslims & Christians in Cairo, 14 killed
  • 1988-10-13 Shroud of Turin, revered by many Christians as Christ's burial cloth, is shown by carbon-dating tests to be a fake from the Middle Ages
  • 1999-01-03 Israel detains, and later expels, 14 members of Concerned Christians.
  • 2004-05-02 Yelwa massacre of more than 630 nomad Muslims by Christians in Nigeria
  • 2010-01-07 Muslim gunmen in Egypt kill nine people after opening fire on a crowd of Coptic Christians

Historic Event

2016-02-18 Pope Francis questions US Presidential hopeful Donald Trump's Christianity over his call to build a wall on the Mexican border

Famous Birthdays

  • 0354-11-13 Augustine of Hippo, North African Christian theologian and philosopher, born in Thagaste, Numidia (d. 430)
  • 1555-12-27 Johann Arndt, German Lutheran theologian and author of books on devotional Christianity, born in Edderitz, Anhalt-Köthen, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1621)
  • 1700-02-23 Wilhelmus Schortinghuis, Dutch theologist (Profound Christianity)
  • 1701-06-22 Nikolaj Eigtved, Danish architect (Christiansborg Castle)

John Wesley

1703-06-28 John Wesley, English Christian theologian and co-founder of the Methodist movement, born in Epworth, England (d. 1791)

  • 1743-07-03 Sophia Magdalena of Denmark, Queen consort of Sweden, born in Christiansborg Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1813)

Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling

1775-01-27 Friedrich von Schelling, German philosopher (Views on Christianity), born in Leonberg, Württemberg, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1854)

  • 1810-10-23 William Leidesdorff, Mixed-race early Californian businessman, born in Christiansted, Virgin Islands, Danish West Indies (d. 1848)
  • 1824-12-17 Thomas Starr King, NY, Unitarian clergyman (Christianity & Humanity)
  • 1861-07-03 Peter Jackson, Australian heavyweight boxer (International Boxing Hall of Fame), born in Christiansted, US Virgin Islands (d. 1901)
  • 1871-04-01 F. Melius Christiansen, Norwegian-American violinist, and choral conductor (St. Olaf Choir, 1912-44), born in Eidsvold, Norway (d. 1955)
  • 1877-08-11 Adolph M. Christianson, justice of the North Dakota Supreme Court (d. 1954)
  • 1879-03-15 Gerrit J Heering, Dutch theologist (Fall of Christianity)
  • 1879-12-12 Friedrich Christiansen, German nazi commander Wehrmacht Netherland, born in Wyk auf Föhr, Province of Schleswig-Holstein, German Empire (d. 1972)
  • 1886-01-24 Henry King, Christiansburg Virginia, American film director (d. 1982)
  • 1891-04-07 Ole Kirk Christiansen, Danish inventor (founded LEGO), born in Filskov, Denmark (d. 1958)
  • 1920-07-08 Godtfred Kirk Christiansen, Danish toy manufacturer (Lego Group) (d. 1995)
  • 1923-08-03 Shenouda III of Alexandria, Pope of the Coptic Christianity, born in Abnub, Asyut Governorate, Egypt (d. 2012)
  • 1928-12-20 Jack Christiansen, American football player and coach (Lions), born in Sublette, Kansas
  • 1932-05-28 Henning Christiansen, Danish experimental composer, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 2008)
  • 1955-07-21 Henry Preistman, British rock keyboardist, songwriter, and vocalist (Christians - "Harvest For The World"), born in Kingston upon Hull, England
  • 1956-07-08 Russell Christian, British rock keyboardist, and vocalist (The Christians - "Harvest For The World"), born in Liverpool, England
  • 1967-04-19 Dorothy "Dar" Williams, American singer-songwriter ("You're Aging Well"; "When I Was A Boy"; The Christians and The Pagans"), born in Mount Kisco, New York
  • 1969-09-21 Jason Christiansen, pitcher (Pittsburgh Pirates), born in Omaha, Nebraska

Tim Duncan

1976-04-25 Tim Duncan, American NBA forward (San Antonio Spurs), born in Christiansted, U.S. Virgin Islands

Famous Deaths

  • 0068-04-25 Saint Mark, the first Pope of Alexandria and the founder of Christianity in Africa
  • 0290-10-01 [Christian] Bacchus, roman soldier/martyred saint, killed
  • 0290-10-07 [Christian] Sergius, Roman soldier and martyred saint, decapitated
  • 0311-05-05 Galerius, Emperor of Rome (305-311) ended persecution of Christianity in the East, dies of disease
  • 0420-09-30 Saint Jerome, Christian theologian, translator of the Vulgate Bible (from Greek to Latin), dies at about 73
  • 0616-02-24 King Ethelbert of Kent, 1st English king to convert to Christianity
  • 0660-12-01 Eligius [Eloy], French patron saint of horses, goldsmiths and metalworkers who as bishop of Tournay-Noyon spent 20 years converting the pagan population of Flanders to Christianity, dies at around 72
  • 0672-02-02 Chad of Mercia, Ango-Saxon saint credited with introducing Christianity to the Mercian kingdom, dies at about 38
  • 0907-05-02 Boris I, King of Bulgaria (852-889), saw Bulgaria converted to Christianity
  • 1621-05-11 Johann Arndt, German Lutheran theologian and author of books on devotional Christianity, dies at 65
  • 1864-03-04 Thomas Starr King, American Unitarian clergyman and lecturer who advocated for California to remain in the Union (Christianity & Humanity), dies of an illness at 39
  • 1954-02-11 Adolph M. Christianson, justice of the North Dakota Supreme Court (b. 1877)
  • 1955-06-01 F Melius Christiansen, composer, dies at 84
  • 1958-03-11 Ole Kirk Christiansen, Danish inventor (founded LEGO), dies of a heart attack at 66
  • 1972-12-02 Friedrich Christian Christiansen, German Luftwaffe general, dies
  • 1991-10-02 Jan H Christianse, political chairman (CDA), dies
  • 1995-07-13 Godtfred Kirk Christiansen, Danish toy manufacturer (Lego Group)

Famous Popes