Roman Catholic History (Part 3)

Historical Events

Events 201 - 300 of 390

  • 1688-12-23 King James II, the last Roman Catholic British monarch flees to France from William of Orange

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1690-07-01 Army of Protestant King William III defeats deposed Roman Catholic King James II in Battle of Boyne in Ireland

King of England William III
King of England
William III
  • 1690-07-12 Battle of Boyne: in Ireland, Protestant King William III defeats English Catholic King James II
  • 1697-06-02 August, Elector of Saxony becomes Catholic

CrownRoyal Coronation

1711-10-12 Charles VI is crowned Holy Roman Emperor in Frankfurt

Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles VI
  • 1724-10-15 Cornelis Steenoven is 1st archbishop of Old Catholic church in Utrecht, The Netherlands
  • 1732-02-26 1st mass celebrated in 1st American Catholic church, St Joseph's, Philadelphia
  • 1755-06-29 515 prominent Filipinos baptized as Catholic
  • 1755-06-30 Philippines close all non-catholic Chinese restaurants
  • 1780-06-02 Anti-Catholic demonstration attacks parliament in London
  • 1780-06-07 Anti-Catholic riot in London, hundreds die
  • 1781-10-19 Edit of Toleration issued by Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II, providing limited freedom of worship for non-Roman Catholic Christians
  • 1784-06-09 John Carroll appointed supervisor of US Catholic Missions
  • 1784-11-26 Catholic Apostolic Prefecture of the United States established
  • 1786-06-29 Alexander Macdonell and over five hundred Roman Catholic highlanders leave Scotland to settle in Glengarry County, Ontario.
  • 1789-01-23 Georgetown, 1st US Catholic college, founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789-11-06 Pope Pius VI appoints Father John Carroll as the first Catholic bishop in the United States

Pope Pius VI
Pope
Pius VI
  • 1790-07-12 French Revolution: The Civil Constitution of the Clergy is adopted, putting the Catholic Church in France under the control of the state
  • 1791-11-15 1st Catholic college in US, Georgetown, opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1792-09-02 September Massacres of the French Revolution: In Paris rampaging mobs slaughter 3 Roman Catholic bishops, more than two hundred priests, and prisoners believed to be royalist sympathizers.

Politician and Revolutionary Georges Danton
Politician and Revolutionary
Georges Danton
  • 1793-05-25 Father Stephen Theodore Badin is 1st US Roman Catholic priest ordained
  • 1798-03-04 Catholic women force to do penance for kindling sabbath fire for Jews

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1801-03-14 Henry Addington becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after his friend William Pitt the Younger resigns after being unable to persuade King George III of the need for Catholic Emancipation

British Prime Minister Henry Addington
British Prime Minister
Henry Addington
British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger
British Prime Minister
William Pitt the Younger
King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover George III
King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover
George III

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1808-04-08 Roman Catholic Diocese of Baltimore promoted to an archdiocese by Pope Pius VII, with the founding of the dioceses of New York, Philadelphia, Boston, and Bardstown (now Louisville)

Bishop of Imola and Pope Pius VII
Bishop of Imola and Pope
Pius VII

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1821-02-24 Agustín de Iturbide and Vicente Guerrero agree to the Plan of Iguala, stating that Mexico will become a constitutional monarchy, Roman Catholicism the official religion and that Peninsulares and Creoles will enjoy equal political and social rights

1st Emperor of Mexico Agustín de Iturbide
1st Emperor of Mexico
Agustín de Iturbide
Revolutionary General and President of Mexico Vicente Guerrero
Revolutionary General and President of Mexico
Vicente Guerrero
  • 1821-05-31 Cathedral of Assumption of Blessed Virgin Mary, 1st US Catholic cathedral, is dedicated in Baltimore
  • 1829-04-13 The Roman Catholic Relief Act passed by the British Parliament; it was the culmination of the process of Catholic Emancipation throughout the UK.
  • 1839-06-17 King of Hawaii Kamehameha III issues Edict of toleration which gives Roman Catholics freedom to worship in the Hawaiian Islands. The Hawaii Catholic Church and the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace is later established
  • 1843-03-07 1st Catholic governor in US, Edward Kavanagh of Maine, takes office
  • 1845-10-09 The eminent and controversial Anglican, John Henry Newman, is received into the Roman Catholic Church
  • 1850-09-24 Papal Bull issued, establishes Roman Catholic hierarchy in England
  • 1852-10-16 Dutch government recognize Catholics right to organize
  • 1853-03-04 Pope Pius IX recovers Catholic hierarchy in Netherlands
  • 1855-06-05 Anti-foreign anti-Roman Catholic Know-Nothing Party's 1st convention
  • 1864-02-21 1st US Catholic parish church for blacks dedicated, Baltimore
  • 1869-12-08 20th Roman Catholic ecumenical council, Vatican I, opens in Rome

  • 1875-06-02 James Augustine Healey became 1st Black Catholic Bishop in US
  • 1882-03-29 Knights of Columbus chartered for Catholic men
  • 1883-12-26 The Harbour Grace Affray between Irish Catholics and Protestant Orangemen causes five deaths in Newfoundland.
  • 1887-03-03 American Protective Association forms (anti-Catholic) in Clinton Iowa
  • 1889-11-03 Chaplain Ariëns founds first Roman Catholic Workers group
  • 1891-12-19 1st Negro Catholic priest ordained in US, Charles Uncles, Baltimore
  • 1894-12-09 Roman Catholics win Parliamentary election in Belgium
  • 1895-08-30 Belgium begins compulsory Roman Catholic education

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901-04-15 Pope Leo XIII issues an allocution deploring hostile actions against the Roman Catholic Church throughout Europe

256th Pope Leo XIII
256th Pope
Leo XIII
  • 1903-03-18 Following through on its attacks on Roman Catholic institutions, the French Government dissolves the Catholic religious orders

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1904-04-24 President Loubet of France visits King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy and pointedly ignores the Pope, exacerbating relations between France and the Roman Catholic Church

King of Italy Victor Emmanuel III
King of Italy
Victor Emmanuel III
  • 1904-05-21 France recalls its ambassador to the Vatican to protest the Pope's attempt to discipline two French bishops; this is yet another incident driving France and the Catholic Church apart
  • 1908-05-24 Belgium Catholic socialist/liberal parliamentary election

BeatificationBeatification

1909-04-19 Joan of Arc receives beatification by the Roman Catholic Church

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • 1910-04-24 German Catholic youth movement Quickborn forms
  • 1915-09-22 Xavier University, 1st Black Catholic College in US, opens in NO LA
  • 1916-09-26 Bishop speak against Catholics in trade unions
  • 1918-09-04 Jhr Ch Ruys de Beerenbrouck becomes 1st Dutch Catholic premier
  • 1919-11-11 Pope Benedictus XV states Roman Catholics political and business views
  • 1923-10-17 Catholic University of Nijmegen Neth opens
  • 1923-11-30 Dutch Catholic minority government of Wilhelm Marx forms
  • 1925-04-23 Pastor LH Perquin forms Union of Catholic Dutch Radio (KRO)
  • 1925-11-24 1st radio-broadcast of Dutch KRO (Catholic Radio Broadcast)
  • 1926-04-12 Dutch Catholic Radio Broadcast (KRO) forms
  • 1930-09-20 Syro-Malankara Catholic Church is formed by Archbishop Mar Ivanios.
  • 1933-02-01 Dutch bishops forbid membership of non-catholic unions
  • 1933-02-12 German vice-chancellor von Papen demands Catholic aid for Nazis
  • 1933-02-16 Catholic newspaper Germania warns against Nazis and communists

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933-02-19 Prussian minister Goering bans all Catholic newspapers

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1933-07-05 German party Catholic Center disbands
  • 1933-12-08 French nun Bernadette Soubirous, who saw the vision of the Virgin Mary at Lourdes, is canonized by the Catholic Church
  • 1934-12-10 Saint-Adelbert cooperation formed by Catholic elite

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1935-12-20 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Ad Catholici Sacerdotii

259th Pope Pius XI
259th Pope
Pius XI
  • 1936-01-01 2nd Orange Bowl: Catholic University beats Mississippi, 20-19
  • 1936-01-23 Catholic People's Party (KVP) of Curacao forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941-01-25 Pope Pius XII elevates the Apostolic Vicariate of the Hawaiian Islands to the dignity of a diocese. It becomes the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu.

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • 1941-06-01 Germany bans all Catholic publications
  • 1942-08-02 250 Dutch Catholic Jews arrested, transported to Amersfoort camp
  • 1943-04-12 Dutch Catholic University Nijmegen closed
  • 1943-04-13 Catholic University Nijegen closes
  • 1944-12-20 Bishop forbids membership of non Catholic unions
  • 1945-03-15 Catholic University of Nijmegen reopens
  • 1945-12-22 Utrecht: Catholic People's party (KVP) established
  • 1946-11-01 Karol Wojtyla is ordained to Catholic priesthood

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946-11-06 Karol Wojtyla (future Pope John Paul II) holds his first Mass as newly ordained Catholic priest in Wawel Cathedral's crypt

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952-06-01 Catholic church puts Andre Gides "Labor" on the index

Writer André Gide
Writer
André Gide
  • 1954-05-30 Dutch bishops forbid membership to non-catholic sporting clubs
  • 1959-04-13 Vatican edict forbids Roman Catholics from voting for communists

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960-09-12 John F. Kennedy avers he does not speak for the Roman Catholic Church, and neither does the Church speak for him.

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy

Music ReleaseThe Twist Dance Craze

1962-01-26 Bishop Burke of Buffalo Catholic dioceses declares Chubby Checker's "The Twist" to be impure and bans it from all Catholic schools

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Young people in Berlin taking part in the Twist dance craze, 1964
Young people in Berlin taking part in the Twist dance craze, 1964
Learn More
  • 1962-03-27 Archbishop Rummel ends race segregation in New Orleans Catholic schools

BeatificationPapal Inauguration

1963-06-21 Cardinal Montini elected Pope Paul VI, 262nd head of Roman Catholic Church

Pope Paul VI
Pope
Paul VI
  • 1964-11-29 Roman Catholic Church in US replaces Latin with English
  • 1966-01-16 Harold R Perry becomes 2nd black Roman Catholic bishop in US
  • 1966-03-23 1st official meeting after 400 years of Catholic & Anglican Church
  • 1966-11-01 NFL awards a franchise to New Orleans; name "Saints" alludes to November 1, All Saints Day in Catholic faith
  • 1966-11-18 US Roman Catholic bishops ends rules against eating meat on Fridays

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968-11-22 Terence O'Neill, then Northern Ireland Prime Minister, announced a package of reform measures granting concessions to the Catholic minority, in response to protest movement

Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill
Northern Ireland Prime Minister
Terence O'Neill
  • 1969-03-30 Loyalists bomb water and electricity installations in Northern Ireland in the hope that the attacks would be blamed on the IRA and on elements of the civil rights movement, which was demanding an end to discrimination against Catholics
  • 1969-05-10 In an interview with the 'Belfast Telegraph' former Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill states: "if you give Roman Catholics a good job and a good house, they will live like Protestants, ... They will refuse to have 18 children"
  • 1969-06-15 The Campaign for Social Justice publish a second edition of 'Northern Ireland The Plain Truth' which set out the allegations of discrimination against Catholics by Unionists in the region

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969-07-13 North Ireland loyalist Ian Paisley addresses a crowd at Loughgall, County Antrim, and is reported to have said: "I am anti-Roman Catholic, but God being my judge, I love the poor dupes who are ground down under that system."

First Minister of Northern Ireland Ian Paisley
First Minister of Northern Ireland
Ian Paisley

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 201 - 208 of 208

  • 1942-04-15 Francis X. DiLorenzo, American Catholic prelate, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2017)
  • 1942-11-20 Paulos Faraj Rahho, Iraqi Chaldean Catholic bishop, born in Mosul, Iraq (d. 2008)
  • 1944-06-08 Marc Ouellet, Canadian Cardinal prelate of the Catholic Church, Archbishop of Quebec City, born in La Motte, Quebec, Canada
  • 1944-06-29 Seán Patrick O'Malley, American Roman Catholic bishop, born in Lakewood, Ohio
  • 1944-12-24 Oswald Gracias, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Bombay, born in Bombay Presidency
  • 1945-07-11 Patrick Joseph McGrath, Catholic bishop
  • 1949-08-06 Clarence Richard Silva, Catholic Bishop of Honolulu
  • 1950-10-02 Philip Wilson, Australian Catholic bishop, jailed for concealing sexual abuse, born in Cessnock, Australia

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths

Deaths 201 - 238 of 238

  • 1996-05-06 Leo Joseph Suenens, Belgian prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, dies at 91
  • 1996-05-30 Leon-Etienne Duval, French prelate and cardinal of the Catholic Church in Algeria, dies at 92
  • 1997-01-31 John Joseph Scanlan, Irish Catholic prelate (b. 1930)
  • 1997-02-21 Michael Hollings, British Catholic priest/crusader, dies at 75
  • 1997-10-05 Andrew Keir, Scottish character actor (Rob Roy, Absolution, Blood Hunt, Catholics), dies at 71
  • 1999-01-11 Brian Moore, Irish novelist (Catholics, Doctor's Wife), dies at 77
  • 1999-08-27 Hélder Câmara, Brazilian Roman Catholic archbishop (b. 1909)
  • 1999-10-07 Rev. Bruce Ritter, American Catholic priest and controversial founder of charity New York City based Covenant House, dies of cancer at 72
  • 2000-05-03 John Joseph Cardinal O'Connor, Catholic Archbishop of New York (b. 1920)
  • 2000-08-23 John Anthony Kaiser, Roman Catholic priest (b. 1932)
  • 2002-12-06 Philip Berrigan, American peace activist and Roman Catholic priest, dies at 79
  • 2003-03-24 Hans Hermann Groër, Austrian Catholic archbishop (b. 1919)
  • 2003-08-23 John Geoghan, American Catholic priest (b. 1935)
  • 2003-12-12 Joseph Anthony Ferrario, American Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu (1982-1993), dies at 77
  • 2004-03-13 Franz König, Austrian Catholic Archbishop of Vienna (b. 1905)
  • 2004-07-19 Reverend Francis Marzen, American Catholic prelate (b. 1924)
  • 2004-10-24 James Cardinal Hickey, American Catholic archbishop (b. 1920)
  • 2005-02-03 Corrado Cardinal Bafile, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1903)

Person of interestJohn Paul II

2005-04-02 Pope Saint John Paul II [Karol Wojtyla], Polish Roman Catholic Pope, dies of heart failure at 84

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 2005-06-21 Jaime Cardinal Sin, Filipino Catholic Archbishop of Manila (b. 1928)
  • 2006-09-29 Louis-Albert Cardinal Vachon, French Canadian Catholic archbishop of Quebec (b. 1912)
  • 2007-01-28 Father Robert Drinan, Roman Catholic Priest and American politician (b. 1920)
  • 2008-03-14 Chiara Lubich, Italian Catholic activist and leader and foundress of the Focolare (b. 1920)
  • 2008-04-19 Alfonso López Trujillo, Colombian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, dies at 72
  • 2008-08-08 Joseph Gelineau, French Catholic Jesuit priest and composer, dies at 87
  • 2008-12-12 Avery Dulles, Roman Catholic Cardinal, heologian (b. 1918)
  • 2009-01-20 Stéphanos II Ghattas, Patriarch Emeritus of Alexandria for the Coptic Catholic Church (b. 1920)
  • 2009-11-04 Hubertus Brandenburg, Roman Catholic Bishop of Stockholm (b. 1923)
  • 2009-12-23 Edward Schillebeeckx, Belgian Roman Catholic theologian (b. 1914)
  • 2010-03-04 Hilario Chávez Joya, Mexican Roman Catholic prelate (b. 1928)
  • 2010-06-10 Metropolitan Basil Schott, Archbishop of the Byzantine Catholic Archeparchy of Pittsburgh (b. 1939)
  • 2012-07-09 Eugênio de Araújo Sales, Brazilian Roman Catholic cardinal, dies at 91
  • 2016-03-27 Mother Angelica, Catholic American Franciscan nun, dies at 92
  • 2017-03-12 Luigi Barbarito, Italian prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, dies at 94
  • 2017-12-20 Bernard Francis Law, Disgraced American cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church (1982-2002), dies at 86
  • 2018-03-07 Jacques Clemens, Dutch Catholic priest, dies at 108
  • 2019-01-09 Joseph Howze, American Roman Catholic bishop, 1st African American Bishop to be appointed in 20th century, dies at 95
  • 2020-01-21 Morgan Wootten, American Basketball Hall of Fame coach (46 seasons DeMatha Catholic HS, Hyattsville, Maryland; National C'ships 1962, 65, 68, 78, 84), dies at 88

Famous Popes