On This Day

Roman Catholic History (Part 3)

Historical Events

Events 201 - 300 of 402

  • 1654-06-06 Queen Christina of Sweden resigns and converts to Catholicism
  • 1670-02-14 Roman Catholic Emperor Leopold I chases Jews out of Vienna

Historic Event

1673-03-29 English King Charles II accepts Test Act: Roman Catholics excluded from public functions

  • 1678-11-30 Roman Catholics banned from English parliament
  • 1682-12-02 Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury flees to Amsterdam following the failure of his plots to prevent a Catholic succession should King Charles II die
  • 1685-06-11 James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, rebels against Catholic king James II
  • 1686-07-17 A meeting takes place at Lüneburg between several Protestant powers in order to discuss the formation of an 'evangelical' league of defense, called the 'Confederatio Militiae Evangelicae', against the Catholic League.
  • 1688-12-23 King James II, the last Roman Catholic British monarch flees to France from William of Orange

Victory in Battle

1690-07-01 Army of Protestant King William III defeats deposed Roman Catholic King James II in Battle of Boyne in Ireland

  • 1690-07-12 Battle of Boyne: in Ireland, Protestant King William III defeats English Catholic King James II
  • 1697-06-02 August, Elector of Saxony becomes Catholic

Royal Coronation

1711-10-12 Charles VI is crowned Holy Roman Emperor in Frankfurt

  • 1718-05-01 Spanish Catholic missionaries establish Mission San Antonio de Valero (now known as Alamo), the fist of several settlements in what is now San Antonio, Texas
  • 1724-10-15 Cornelis Steenoven is 1st archbishop of Old Catholic church in Utrecht, The Netherlands
  • 1732-02-26 1st mass celebrated in 1st American Catholic church, St Joseph's, Philadelphia
  • 1755-06-29 515 prominent Filipinos baptized as Catholic
  • 1755-06-30 Philippines close all non-catholic Chinese restaurants
  • 1780-06-02 Anti-Catholic demonstration attacks parliament in London
  • 1780-06-07 Anti-Catholic riot in London, hundreds die
  • 1781-10-19 Edict of Toleration issued by Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II, providing limited freedom of worship for non-Roman Catholic Christians
  • 1784-06-09 John Carroll appointed supervisor of US Catholic Missions
  • 1784-11-26 Catholic Apostolic Prefecture of the United States established
  • 1786-06-29 Alexander Macdonell and over five hundred Roman Catholic highlanders leave Scotland to settle in Glengarry County, Ontario
  • 1789-01-23 Georgetown, 1st US Catholic college, founded

Historic Event

1789-11-06 Pope Pius VI appoints Father John Carroll as the first Catholic bishop in the United States

  • 1790-07-12 French Revolution: The Civil Constitution of the Clergy is adopted, putting the Catholic Church in France under the control of the state
  • 1791-11-15 1st Catholic college in US, Georgetown, opens

French Revolution

1792-09-02 September Massacres of the French Revolution: In Paris rampaging mobs slaughter 3 Roman Catholic bishops, more than two hundred priests, and prisoners believed to be royalist sympathizers.

  • 1793-05-25 Father Stephen Theodore Badin is 1st US Roman Catholic priest ordained
  • 1798-03-04 Catholic women force to do penance for kindling sabbath fire for Jews

Election of Interest

1801-03-14 Henry Addington becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after his friend William Pitt the Younger resigns after being unable to persuade King George III of the need for Catholic Emancipation

Historic Event

1808-04-08 Roman Catholic Diocese of Baltimore promoted to an archdiocese by Pope Pius VII, with the founding of the dioceses of New York, Philadelphia, Boston, and Bardstown (now Louisville)

  • 1811-07-27 Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Spanish Catholic priest, and leader Mexican independence, defrocked and excommunicated by the church

Agreement of Interest

1821-02-24 Agustín de Iturbide and Vicente Guerrero agree to the Plan of Iguala, stating that Mexico will become a constitutional monarchy, Roman Catholicism the official religion and that Peninsulares and Creoles will enjoy equal political and social rights

  • 1821-05-31 Cathedral of Assumption of Blessed Virgin Mary, 1st US Catholic cathedral, is dedicated in Baltimore, designed by Benjamin Henry Latrobe
  • 1829-04-13 The Roman Catholic Relief Act passed by the British Parliament; it was the culmination of the process of Catholic Emancipation throughout the UK.
  • 1839-06-17 King of Hawaii Kamehameha III issues Edict of toleration which gives Roman Catholics freedom to worship in the Hawaiian Islands. The Hawaii Catholic Church and the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace is later established
  • 1843-03-07 1st Catholic governor in US, Edward Kavanagh of Maine, takes office
  • 1845-10-09 Eminent and controversial Anglican priest John Henry Newman leaves Anglican Curch of England and is received into the Roman Catholic Church
  • 1850-09-24 Papal Bull issued, establishes Roman Catholic hierarchy in England
  • 1852-10-16 Dutch government recognize Catholics right to organize
  • 1853-03-04 Pope Pius IX recovers Catholic hierarchy in Netherlands
  • 1855-06-05 Anti-foreign anti-Roman Catholic Know-Nothing Party's 1st convention
  • 1864-02-21 1st US Catholic parish church for black worshippers dedicated in Baltimore
  • 1869-12-08 20th Roman Catholic ecumenical council, Vatican I, opens in Rome
  • 1875-06-02 James Augustine Healey became 1st Black Catholic Bishop in US
  • 1882-03-29 Knights of Columbus chartered for Catholic men
  • 1883-12-26 The Harbour Grace Affray between Irish Catholics and Protestant Orangemen causes five deaths in Newfoundland.
  • 1887-03-03 American Protective Association forms (anti-Catholic) in Clinton Iowa
  • 1889-11-03 Chaplain Ariëns founds first Roman Catholic Workers group
  • 1891-12-19 1st Negro Catholic priest ordained in US, Charles Uncles, Baltimore
  • 1894-12-09 Roman Catholics win Parliamentary election in Belgium
  • 1895-08-30 Belgium begins compulsory Roman Catholic education

Beatification

1898-03-09 Peter of Tarantaise (Pope Innocent V) beatified as a saint in the Catholic Church by Pope Leo XIII 9 March 1898

  • 1901-04-15 Pope Leo XIII issues an allocution deploring hostile actions against the Roman Catholic Church throughout Europe
  • 1903-03-18 Following through on its attacks on Roman Catholic institutions, the French Government dissolves the Catholic religious orders

Historic Event

1904-04-24 President Loubet of France visits King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy and pointedly ignores the Pope, exacerbating relations between France and the Roman Catholic Church

  • 1904-05-21 France recalls its ambassador to the Vatican to protest the Pope's attempt to discipline two French bishops; this is yet another incident driving France and the Catholic Church apart
  • 1908-05-24 Belgium Catholic socialist/liberal parliamentary election

Beatification

1909-04-19 Joan of Arc receives beatification by the Roman Catholic Church

  • 1910-04-24 German Catholic youth movement Quickborn forms
  • 1915-09-22 Xavier University, 1st Black Catholic College in US, opens in NO LA
  • 1916-09-26 Bishop speak against Catholics in trade unions
  • 1918-09-04 Jhr Ch Ruys de Beerenbrouck becomes 1st Dutch Catholic premier
  • 1919-11-11 Pope Benedictus XV states Roman Catholics political and business views
  • 1923-10-17 Catholic University of Nijmegen Neth opens
  • 1923-11-30 Dutch Catholic minority government of Wilhelm Marx forms
  • 1925-04-23 Pastor LH Perquin forms Union of Catholic Dutch Radio (KRO)
  • 1925-11-24 1st radio-broadcast of Dutch KRO (Catholic Radio Broadcast)
  • 1926-04-12 Dutch Catholic Radio Broadcast (KRO) forms
  • 1930-09-20 Syro-Malankara Catholic Church is formed by Archbishop Mar Ivanios.
  • 1933-02-01 Dutch bishops forbid membership of non-catholic unions
  • 1933-02-12 German vice-chancellor von Papen demands Catholic aid for Nazis
  • 1933-02-16 Catholic newspaper Germania warns against Nazis and communists

Historic Event

1933-02-19 Prussian minister Goering bans all Catholic newspapers

  • 1933-07-05 German party Catholic Center disbands
  • 1933-12-08 French nun Bernadette Soubirous, who saw the vision of the Virgin Mary at Lourdes, is canonized by the Catholic Church
  • 1934-12-10 Saint-Adelbert cooperation formed by Catholic elite

Catholic Encyclical

1935-12-20 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Ad Catholici Sacerdotii

  • 1936-01-01 2nd Orange Bowl: Catholic University beats Mississippi, 20-19
  • 1936-01-23 Catholic People's Party (KVP) of Curacao forms

Historic Event

1941-01-25 Pope Pius XII elevates the Apostolic Vicariate of the Hawaiian Islands to the dignity of a diocese. It becomes the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu.

  • 1941-06-01 Germany bans all Catholic publications
  • 1942-08-02 250 Dutch Catholic Jews arrested, transported to Amersfoort camp
  • 1943-04-12 Dutch Catholic University Nijmegen closed
  • 1943-04-13 Catholic University Nijegen closes
  • 1944-12-20 Bishop forbids membership of non Catholic unions
  • 1945-03-15 Catholic University of Nijmegen reopens
  • 1945-12-22 Utrecht: Catholic People's party (KVP) established
  • 1946-11-01 Karol Wojtyla is ordained to Catholic priesthood

Historic Event

1946-11-06 Karol Wojtyla (future Pope John Paul II) holds his first Mass as newly ordained Catholic priest in Wawel Cathedral's crypt

Historic Event

1952-06-01 Catholic church puts Andre Gides "Labor" on the index

  • 1954-05-30 Dutch bishops forbid membership to non-catholic sporting clubs
  • 1959-04-13 Vatican edict forbids Roman Catholics from voting for communists
  • 1959-12-25 Bishop Karol Wojtyla (future Pope John Paul II) celebrates outdoor Mass at midnight of Christmas morning to demonstrate the need for a Catholic church in the community of Nowa Huta

Historic Event

1960-09-12 John F. Kennedy avers he does not speak for the Roman Catholic Church, and neither does the Church speak for him.

The Twist Dance Craze

1962-01-26 Bishop Burke of Buffalo Catholic dioceses declares Chubby Checker's "The Twist" to be impure and bans it from all Catholic schools

  • 1962-03-27 Archbishop Rummel ends race segregation in New Orleans Catholic schools

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 201 - 217 of 217

Pope Francis

1936-12-17 Pope Francis [Jorge Mario Bergoglio], Catholic Pope (2013-) 1st Jesuit pope, 1st from the Americas and 1st non-European pope since Syrian Gregory III in 741, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina

  • 1938-03-17 Keith O'Brien, Scottish Catholic archbishop (St Andrews & Edinburgh), born in Ballycastle, County Antrim, Northern Ireland
  • 1938-12-14 Leonardo Boff, Brazilian Catholic theologian (liberation theology) and writer, born in Concórdia, Santa Catarina, Brazil
  • 1939-04-27 Stanislaw Dziwisz, Polish prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, Archbishop of Kraków, born in Raba Wyżna, Poland
  • 1940-06-04 Ludwig Schwarz, Austrian Roman Catholic bishop of the Diocese of Linz, born in Most pri Bratislave, Slovakia
  • 1940-10-29 José Ulises Macías Salcedo, Catholic bishop, born in León, Guanajuato, Mexico

Frank Zappa

1940-12-21 Frank Zappa, American rock guitarist, composer, (Mothers of Invention - "Peaches en Regalia"; "Baby Snakes"), activist, and filmmaker (200 Motels), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1993)

  • 1941-06-08 George Pell, Australian Catholic Cardinal and treasurer of the Vatican, convicted, and then acquitted, of child sex abuse, born in Ballarat, Australia
  • 1942-04-15 Francis X. DiLorenzo, American Catholic prelate, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2017)
  • 1942-11-20 Paulos Faraj Rahho, Iraqi Chaldean Catholic bishop, born in Mosul, Iraq (d. 2008)
  • 1944-06-08 Marc Ouellet, Canadian Cardinal prelate of the Catholic Church, Archbishop of Quebec City, born in La Motte, Quebec, Canada
  • 1944-06-29 Seán Patrick O'Malley, American Roman Catholic bishop, born in Lakewood, Ohio
  • 1944-12-24 Oswald Gracias, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Bombay, born in Bombay Presidency
  • 1945-07-11 Patrick Joseph McGrath, Catholic bishop
  • 1949-08-06 Clarence Richard Silva, Catholic Bishop of Honolulu
  • 1950-10-02 Philip Wilson, Australian Catholic bishop, jailed for concealing sexual abuse, born in Cessnock, Australia
  • 2007-09-22 Albert Windsor, English son of Lord Nicholas Windsor, (1st royal child to be baptized a Catholic since 1688)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths

Deaths 201 - 248 of 248

  • 1991-03-25 Marcel Lefebvre, French Catholic prelate (b. 1905)
  • 1991-03-26 Frans Dohmen, union leader (Neth Catholic Mine Workers), dies at 81
  • 1991-11-12 Paul-Émile Léger, Canadian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and Archbishop (Montreal), dies at 87
  • 1992-05-08 Brian Moore, Northern Irish-Canadian writer (Catholics), dies of heart failure at 59
  • 1992-08-04 František Tomášek, 34th Archbishop of Prague and cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church in Bohemia, dies at 93

Frank Zappa

1993-12-04 Frank Zappa, American rock guitarist, composer, (Mothers of Invention - "Peaches en Regalia"; "Baby Snakes"), activist, and filmmaker (200 Motels), dies from prostate cancer at 52

  • 1994-08-29 Jean-Marie Vincent, Haitian Catholic priest, shot dead
  • 1996-02-08 Derek Worlock, English Roman Catholic Archbishop Liverpool, dies at 76
  • 1996-05-06 Leo Joseph Suenens, Belgian Roman Catholic cardinal (Second Vatican Council), dies at 91
  • 1996-05-30 Leon-Etienne Duval, French prelate and cardinal of the Catholic Church in Algeria, dies at 92
  • 1996-07-19 Lawrence Jenco, American Roman Catholic priest who was held hostage in Beirut, Lebanon, dies at 61
  • 1997-01-31 John Joseph Scanlan, Irish Catholic prelate (b. 1930)
  • 1997-02-21 Michael Hollings, British Catholic priest/crusader, dies at 75
  • 1997-10-05 Andrew Keir, Scottish character actor (Rob Roy, Absolution, Blood Hunt, Catholics), dies at 71
  • 1999-01-11 Brian Moore, Irish novelist (Catholics, Doctor's Wife), dies at 77
  • 1999-08-27 Hélder Câmara, Brazilian Roman Catholic archbishop (b. 1909)
  • 1999-10-07 Rev. Bruce Ritter, American Catholic priest and controversial founder of charity New York City based Covenant House, dies of cancer at 72
  • 2000-05-03 John Joseph Cardinal O'Connor, Catholic Archbishop of New York (b. 1920)
  • 2000-08-23 John Anthony Kaiser, Roman Catholic priest (b. 1932)
  • 2002-12-06 Philip Berrigan, American peace activist and Roman Catholic priest, dies at 79
  • 2003-03-24 Hans Hermann Groër, Austrian Catholic archbishop (b. 1919)
  • 2003-08-23 John Geoghan, American Catholic priest (b. 1935)
  • 2003-12-12 Joseph Anthony Ferrario, American Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu (1982-1993), dies at 77
  • 2004-03-13 Franz König, Austrian Catholic Archbishop of Vienna (b. 1905)
  • 2004-07-19 Reverend Francis Marzen, American Catholic prelate (b. 1924)
  • 2004-10-24 James Cardinal Hickey, American Catholic archbishop (b. 1920)
  • 2005-02-03 Corrado Cardinal Bafile, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1903)

John Paul II

2005-04-02 Pope Saint John Paul II [Karol Wojtyla], Polish Roman Catholic Pope, dies of heart failure at 84

  • 2005-06-21 Jaime Cardinal Sin, Filipino Catholic Archbishop of Manila (b. 1928)
  • 2006-09-29 Louis-Albert Cardinal Vachon, French Canadian Catholic archbishop of Quebec (b. 1912)
  • 2007-01-28 Father Robert Drinan, Roman Catholic Priest and American politician (b. 1920)
  • 2008-03-14 Chiara Lubich, Italian Catholic activist and leader and foundress of the Focolare (b. 1920)
  • 2008-04-19 Alfonso López Trujillo, Colombian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, dies at 72
  • 2008-08-08 Joseph Gelineau, French Catholic Jesuit priest and composer, dies at 87
  • 2008-12-12 Avery Dulles, American clergyman, Roman Catholic cardinal, theologian, and educator, dies at 90
  • 2009-01-20 Stéphanos II Ghattas, Patriarch Emeritus of Alexandria for the Coptic Catholic Church (b. 1920)
  • 2009-11-04 Hubertus Brandenburg, Roman Catholic Bishop of Stockholm (b. 1923)
  • 2009-12-23 Edward Schillebeeckx, Belgian Roman Catholic theologian (b. 1914)
  • 2010-03-04 Hilario Chávez Joya, Mexican Roman Catholic prelate (b. 1928)
  • 2010-06-10 Metropolitan Basil Schott, Archbishop of the Byzantine Catholic Archeparchy of Pittsburgh (b. 1939)
  • 2012-07-09 Eugênio de Araújo Sales, Brazilian Roman Catholic cardinal, dies at 91
  • 2016-03-27 Mother Angelica, Catholic American Franciscan nun, dies at 92
  • 2017-03-12 Luigi Barbarito, Italian prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, dies at 94
  • 2017-12-20 Bernard Francis Law, Disgraced American cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church (1982-2002), dies at 86
  • 2018-03-07 Jacques Clemens, Dutch Catholic priest, dies at 108
  • 2019-01-09 Joseph Howze, American Roman Catholic bishop, 1st African American Bishop to be appointed in 20th century, dies at 95
  • 2020-01-21 Morgan Wootten, American Basketball Hall of Fame coach (46 seasons DeMatha Catholic HS, Hyattsville, Maryland; National C'ships 1962, 65, 68, 78, 84), dies at 88
  • 2021-09-29 Dom Alexandre José Maria dos Santos, Mozambican Roman Catholic Cardinal, Mozambique's 1st black priest, dies at 97 [1]

Famous Popes