Hindu History

Historical Events


Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1556-11-05 Second Battle of Panipat: Hindu Emperor of north India Hem Chandra Vikramaditya defeated by forces of Mughal Emperor Akbar, who captures and later beheads Hem Chandra

Mughal Emperor Akbar
Mughal Emperor
Akbar
  • 1565-01-25 Battle at Talikota India: Deccan sultanate destroy Vijayanagar's army and the last Hindu kingdom of Southern India
  • 1900-05-29 25th Preakness: H Spencer aboard Hindus wins in 1:48.4
  • 1913-03-14 South African Supreme Court declares that marriages not celebrated according to Christian rites and/or not registered by the Registrar of Marriages, are invalid; all Muslim and Hindu marriages are therefore declared invalid
  • 1924-07-11 Muslim-Hindu rebellion in Delhi, India
  • 1926-04-02 Riots between Muslims & Hindus in Calcutta
  • 1939-04-13 The Hindustani Lal Sena (Indian Red Army) is formed and vows to engage in armed struggle against the British.
  • 1946-01-14 2 jetties collapse in Ganges-160 Hindu pilgrims are crushed
  • 1946-08-16 Direct Action Day: Widespread riots erupt in Calcutta between Muslims and Hindus over whether Pakistan should be a separate state, killing over 4,000 and leaving 100,000 homeless
  • 1947-09-07 Battles between Hindus & Muslims in New Delhi, India

MurderAssassination

1948-01-30 Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1955-05-05 Indian parliament accepts Hindu divorce
  • 1962-12-16 Nepal establishes its constitution and becomes a Constitutional Hindu Monarchy
  • 1964-01-10 Battles between Muslims & Hindus in Calcutta
  • 1964-01-13 Hindu-Muslim rioting breaks out in the Indian city of Calcutta - now Kolkata - resulting in the deaths of more than 100 people.
  • 1977-01-19 World's largest crowd gathering - the Hindu Kumbh Mela in India attracts a then record 15 million people
  • 1983-02-22 Hindus kill 3000 Muslims in Assam, India
  • 1986-03-28 Extremist Sikhs kill 13 Hindus in Ludhiana, India
  • 1986-07-25 Sikhs extremist kill 16 hindus in Muhktsar India

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987-09-16 Pope John Paul II's ends his Los Angeles tour with an interfaith meeting at Dodger Stadium with leaders of Judaism, Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1990-12-10 Hindu-Muslim rebellion in Hyderabad-Aligargh India, 140 die
  • 1992-12-06 300,000 hindus destroy mosque of Babri India, 4 die
  • 1995-09-21 The Hindu milk miracle occurs: statues of the Hindu God Ganesh begin drinking milk when spoonfuls were placed near their mouths
  • 1999-01-22 Australian missionary Graham Staines and his two sons are burned alive by radical Hindus while sleeping in their car in Eastern India
  • 2002-02-27 Godhra train burning, a Muslim mob kills 59 Hindu pilgrims returning from Ayodhya
  • 2002-05-02 Marad massacre of eight Hindus near Palakkad in Kerala
  • 2014-05-17 The center-right Hindu Nationalist Party, the BJP, wins landslide election victory in India
  • 2019-01-15 Beginning of humanity's largest gathering, the Kumbh Mela Hindu festival with 15 million people bathing at the joining of Ganges and Yamuna rivers, India. 120 million expected over next 49 days.

Famous Birthdays

  • 1772-05-22 Ram Mohan Roy, Hindu reformer (founded Brahmo Sabha), born in Radhanagar, British India (d. 1833)
  • 1824-02-12 Arya Samaj Maha Rishi Dayanand Sarsvati, Indian hindu leader
  • 1836-02-18 Ramakrishna [Gadadhar Chatterji], Indian mystic and yogi (preached unity of religions), born in Kamarpukur, British India (d. 1886)

Person of interestRabindranath Tagore

1861-05-07 Rabindranath Tagore, Indian philosopher, poet, writer (Nobel Prize for Literature 1913), born in Calcutta, British India (d. 1941)

  • 1861-12-25 Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, Indian founder of Banaras Hindu University (d. 1946)
  • 1863-01-12 Swami Vivekananda, Indian Hindu spiritual leader and a key figure in the introduction of Yoga to the Western world, born in Kolkata, India (d. 1902)
  • 1879-12-30 Sri Ramana Maharshi, Hindu philosopher/yogi (Maharshi Research Inst)
  • 1894-05-20 Chandrashekarendra Saraswati, Indian Hindu sage, Jivanmukta (d. 1994)
  • 1906-07-23 Chandra Sekhar Azad, Indian revolutionary (Hindustan Socialist Republican Army), born in Bhavra, Central India Agency, British India (d. 1931)
  • 1914-01-31 Sri Daya Mata, Hindu religious figure
  • 1921-12-07 Pramukh Swami Maharaj, Indian Hindu spiritual leader (BAPS), born in Chansad, Gujarat (d. 2016)
  • 1932-04-10 Kishori Amonkar, Indian classical Hindustani singer, born in Bombay (d. 2017)
  • 1934-04-07 Swami Shantananda, Hindu Saint, Philosopher, Disciple of Swami Sivananda, Founder of Temple of Fine Arts
  • 1935-07-18 Jayendra Saraswathi, Hindu religious leader (69th Shankaracharya Guru), born in Irulneeki, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu (d. 2018)
  • 1981-04-12 Tulsi Gabbard, American politician (Rep (D) Hawaii 2013-) 1st American-Samoan and Hindu member of Congress, born in Leloaloa, American Samoa

Famous Deaths

  • 1883-09-27 Ram Mohan Roy, Hindu reformer (founded Brahmo Sabha), dies at 61
  • 1902-07-04 Swami Vivekananda, Indian Hindu spiritual leader and a key figure in the introduction of Yoga to the Western world, dies while meditating at 39
  • 1920-08-01 Bal Gangadhar Tilak, early Indian nationalist leader, dies at 64
  • 1931-02-27 Chandra Sekhar Azad, Indian revolutionary (Hindustan Socialist Republican Army), dies at 24

MurderMahatma Gandhi

1948-01-30 Mahatma Gandhi [Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi], Indian independence activist and spiritual leader, assassinated in New Delhi by Hindu extremists at 78

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1994-06-09 Dhirendra Bhramachari, [Flying Swami], hindu leader, dies at 70
  • 1994-08-25 Ramdas Nayak, Indies hindu leader/politician, murdered at about 52
  • 2016-08-13 Pramukh Swami Maharaj, Indian Hindu spiritual leader (BAPS), dies at 94
  • 2017-04-03 Kishori Amonkar, Indian classical Hindustani singer, dies at 84
  • 2018-02-28 Jayendra Saraswathi, Hindu religious leader (69th Shankaracharya Guru), dies at 82