Hindu History

Historical Events


Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1556-11-05 Second Battle of Panipat: Hindu Emperor of north India Hem Chandra Vikramaditya defeated by forces of Mughal Emperor Akbar, who captures and later beheads Hem Chandra

Mughal Emperor Akbar
Mughal Emperor
Akbar
  • 1565-01-25 Battle at Talikota India: Deccan sultanate destroy Vijayanagar's army and the last Hindu kingdom of Southern India
  • 1761-01-14 Third Battle of Panipat: In one of the largest battles of the century, the mostly Muslim Afghani Durrani Empire defeats the mostly Hindu Maratha Empire in Northern India. An estimated 60,000–70,000 were killed in the fighting and about 40,000 Maratha prisoners massacred afterwards.
  • 1900-05-29 25th Preakness: H Spencer aboard Hindus wins in 1:48.4
  • 1913-03-14 South African Supreme Court declares that marriages not celebrated according to Christian rites and/or not registered by the Registrar of Marriages, are invalid; all Muslim and Hindu marriages are therefore declared invalid
  • 1924-07-11 Muslim-Hindu rebellion in Delhi, India
  • 1926-04-02 Riots between Muslims & Hindus in Calcutta
  • 1939-04-13 The Hindustani Lal Sena (Indian Red Army) is formed and vows to engage in armed struggle against the British.
  • 1946-01-14 2 jetties collapse in Ganges, crushing 160 Hindu pilgrims
  • 1946-08-16 Direct Action Day: Widespread riots erupt in Calcutta between Muslims and Hindus over whether Pakistan should be a separate state, killing over 4,000 and leaving 100,000 homeless
  • 1947-09-07 Battles between Hindus & Muslims in New Delhi, India

MurderAssassination

1948-01-30 Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1955-05-05 Indian parliament accepts Hindu divorce
  • 1962-12-16 Nepal establishes its constitution and becomes a Constitutional Hindu Monarchy
  • 1964-01-10 Battles between Muslims & Hindus in Calcutta
  • 1964-01-13 Hindu-Muslim rioting breaks out in the Indian city of Calcutta - now Kolkata - resulting in the deaths of more than 100 people.

  • 1977-01-19 World's largest crowd gathering - the Hindu Kumbh Mela in India attracts a then record 15 million people
  • 1983-02-22 Hindus kill 3000 Muslims in Assam, India
  • 1986-03-28 Extremist Sikhs kill 13 Hindus in Ludhiana, India
  • 1986-07-25 Sikhs extremist kill 16 hindus in Muhktsar India

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987-09-16 Pope John Paul II's ends his Los Angeles tour with an interfaith meeting at Dodger Stadium with leaders of Judaism, Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1990-01-19 Turning point in the exodus of hundreds of thousands of Kashmiri Hindus from Indian-administrated Kashmir due to violence from Muslim militants
  • 1990-12-10 Hindu-Muslim rebellion in Hyderabad-Aligargh India, 140 die
  • 1992-12-06 300,000 hindus destroy mosque of Babri India, 4 die
  • 1995-09-21 The Hindu milk miracle occurs: statues of the Hindu God Ganesh begin drinking milk when spoonfuls were placed near their mouths
  • 1999-01-22 Australian missionary Graham Staines and his two sons are burned alive by radical Hindus while sleeping in their car in Eastern India
  • 2002-02-27 Godhra train burning, a Muslim mob kills 59 Hindu pilgrims returning from Ayodhya
  • 2002-05-02 Marad massacre of eight Hindus near Palakkad in Kerala
  • 2014-05-17 The center-right Hindu Nationalist Party, the BJP, wins landslide election victory in India
  • 2019-01-15 Beginning of humanity's largest gathering, the Kumbh Mela Hindu festival with 15 million people bathing at the joining of Ganges and Yamuna rivers, India. 120 million expected over next 49 days.
  • 2019-11-09 India’s Supreme Court rules in favor of Hindus over Muslims in dispute over who has right to holy site in city of Ayodhya

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2020-08-05 Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi lays the cornerstone for a new Hindu temple at Ayodhya Ram to replace a previous Muslim mosque

15th Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi
15th Prime Minister of India
Narendra Modi

Famous Birthdays

  • 1772-05-22 Ram Mohan Roy, Hindu reformer who helped found Brahmo Sabha, a social-religious reform movement, born in Radhanagar, British India (d. 1833)
  • 1824-02-12 Dayananda Sarasvati, Indian hindu leader, founder of Arya Samaj reform movement, born in Tantara, India (d. 1883)
  • 1836-02-18 Ramakrishna [Gadadhar Chatterji], Indian mystic and yogi (preached unity of religions), born in Kamarpukur, British India (d. 1886)
  • 1861-12-25 Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, Indian founder of Banaras Hindu University (d. 1946)
  • 1863-01-12 Swami Vivekananda, Indian Hindu spiritual leader and a key figure in the introduction of Yoga to the Western world, born in Kolkata, India (d. 1902)
  • 1879-12-30 Sri Ramana Maharshi, Hindu philosopher/yogi (Maharshi Research Inst)
  • 1894-05-20 Chandrashekarendra Saraswati, Indian Hindu sage, Jivanmukta (d. 1994)
  • 1906-07-23 Chandra Sekhar Azad, Indian revolutionary (Hindustan Socialist Republican Army), born in Bhavra, Central India Agency, British India (d. 1931)
  • 1914-01-31 Sri Daya Mata, Hindu religious figure
  • 1921-12-07 Pramukh Swami Maharaj, Indian Hindu spiritual leader (BAPS), born in Chansad, Gujarat (d. 2016)
  • 1932-04-10 Kishori Amonkar, Indian classical Hindustani singer, born in Bombay (d. 2017)
  • 1934-04-07 Swami Shantananda, Hindu Saint, Philosopher, Disciple of Swami Sivananda, Founder of Temple of Fine Arts
  • 1935-07-18 Jayendra Saraswathi, Hindu religious leader (69th Shankaracharya Guru), born in Irulneeki, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu (d. 2018)
  • 1981-04-12 Tulsi Gabbard, American politician (Rep (D) Hawaii 2013-) 1st American-Samoan and Hindu member of Congress, born in Leloaloa, American Samoa

Famous Deaths

  • 1833-09-27 Ram Mohan Roy, Hindu reformer who helped found Brahmo Sabha, a social-religious reform movement, dies at 61
  • 1902-07-04 Swami Vivekananda, Indian Hindu spiritual leader and a key figure in the introduction of Yoga to the Western world, dies while meditating at 39
  • 1931-02-27 Chandra Sekhar Azad, Indian revolutionary (Hindustan Socialist Republican Army), dies at 24

MurderMahatma Gandhi

1948-01-30 Mahatma Gandhi [Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi], Indian independence activist and spiritual leader, assassinated in New Delhi by Hindu extremists at 78

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1994-06-09 Dhirendra Bhramachari [Flying Swami], hindu leader, dies at 70
  • 1994-08-25 Ramdas Nayak, Indies hindu leader/politician, murdered at about 52
  • 2016-08-13 Pramukh Swami Maharaj, Indian Hindu spiritual leader (BAPS), dies at 94
  • 2017-04-03 Kishori Amonkar, Indian classical Hindustani singer, dies at 84
  • 2018-02-28 Jayendra Saraswathi, Hindu religious leader (69th Shankaracharya Guru), dies at 82