Islamic History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 278

  • 0610-08-10 In Islam, the traditional date of the Laylat al-Qadr, when Muhammad began to receive the Qur'an
  • 0622-07-16 Muslim Era begins - Muhammad begins flight from Mecca to Medina (Hijra)
  • 0622-09-20 Islamic Prophet Muhammed/Abu Bakr arrives in Jathrib (Medina)
  • 0624-03-13 Battle of Badr: Muhammad's Muslim forces win significant victory over Meccan army
  • 0634-09-19 Muslim forces led by Khalid ibn al-Walid capture Damascus, 1st major city of Eastern Roman Empire taken by the Rashidun Caliphate
  • 0636-08-15 Beginning of the five-day decisive Battle at Yarmuk: Muslim forces defeat the Byzantine army to take control of Syria for the first time
  • 0637-10-30 Antioch surrenders to the Muslim forces under Rashidun Caliphate after the Battle of Iron bridge
  • 0640-06-06 Arab Muslim army sent by Caliph Omar begins siege of Heliopolis, city succumbs mid to late July, paving way for Muslim conquest of Byzantine Egypt
  • 0641-06-09 Arabic-Islamic army conquers Romans at Alexandria, taking control of Egypt
  • 0644-11-03 Umar ibn al-Khattab, second Muslim caliph, is killed in Medina by Lu'lu, an enslaved Persian captive
  • 0644-12-14 Uthman ibn Affan, companion of Muhammad, appointed 3rd Caliph of Islam
  • 0656-06-17 Ali ibn Abu Talib elected the 4th Caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate
  • 0657-07-26 Battle of Siffin during the first Muslim civil war between Ali ibn Abi Talib and Muawiyah I beside Euphrates River
  • 0694-11-09 Spanish King Egica accuses Jews of aiding Muslims/sentenced to slavery
  • 0711-04-30 Islamic conquest of Iberia: Moorish troops led by Tariq ibn-Ziyad land at Gibraltar to begin their invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (Al-Andalus)
  • 0711-07-19 Muslim forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad defeat the Visigoths led by their king Roderic
  • 0721-06-09 Odo of Aquitaine defeats a Umayyad Muslim army at the Battle of Toulouse
  • 0878-05-21 Syracuse is captured by the Muslim sultan of Sicily
  • 0920-07-26 Rout of an alliance of Christian troops from Navarre and Léon against the Muslims at Pamplona
  • 0982-07-14 King Otto II and his Frankish army defeated in pitched battle with Muslim army of al-Qasim at Cape Colonna, Southern Italy
  • 1085-05-25 Alfonso VI of León and Castile captures the Muslim taifa of Toledo
  • 1099-07-08 First Crusade: 15,000 starving Christian soldiers march in religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders look on
  • 1141-09-08 -9] Battle of Samarkand: Yelutashi defeats Islams

Historic Event

1191-08-20 Crusader King Richard I kills 3,000 muslim prisoners in Akko

  • 1212-07-16 Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa [Battle of Al-Uqab]: combined Christian army defeats Almohad Muslim force in a turning point for Muslim power on Iberian peninsula
  • 1256-12-15 Hulagu Khan captures and destroys Hashshashin stronghold at Alamut, in present-day Iran, part of the Mongol offensive on Islamic southwest Asia

Abbasid-Era Baghdad

1258-02-13 Baghdad, then a city of 1 million, falls to the Mongols as the Abbasid Caliphate is destroyed, tens of thousands slaughtered, ending the Islamic Golden Age

  • 1332-02-18 Amda Seyon I, Emperor of Ethiopia begins his campaigns in the southern Muslim provinces.
  • 1480-08-12 Battle of Otranto - Ottoman troops behead 800 Christians for refusing to convert to Islam

Completion of the Reconquista

1492-01-02 Muhammad XII, the last Emir of Granada, surrenders his city to Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabel I of Castile, ending both the Reconquista and centuries of Muslim rule in the Iberian peninsula

  • 1502-02-12 Muslims in Granada forced to convert to Catholicism

Historic Event

1510-05-30 Portuguese forces under Afonso de Albuquerque abandon Goa after its former ruler Yusuf Adil Shah, the Muslim King of Bijapur reconquers the city

  • 1510-12-10 Muslim ruler of Goa, Yusuf Adil Shah and his Ottoman allies surrender to Portuguese forces led by Afonso de Albuquerque who puts the Muslim population to the sword
  • 1542-02-02 Portuguese under Christovão da Gama capture a Muslim-occupied hillfort in northern Ethiopia in the Battle of Baçente.
  • 1543-02-11 Battle at Wayna Daga: Ethiopian and Portuguese troops beat Muslim army
  • 1666-09-16 "Messiah" Sjabtai Tswi becomes Islamiet
  • 1705-12-26 Fateh Singh (6) and Zorawar Singh (7), sons of Guru Gobind Singh, are murdered by Wazir Khan for refusing to convert to Islam; they are now among the most hallowed martyrs in Sikhism
  • 1761-01-14 Third Battle of Panipat: In one of the largest battles of the century, the mostly Muslim Afghani Durrani Empire defeats the mostly Hindu Maratha Empire in Northern India. An estimated 60,000–70,000 were killed in the fighting and about 40,000 Maratha prisoners massacred afterwards.
  • 1825-07-21 Java princess Dipo Negoro/Mangkubumi declare war on all non-islamics
  • 1827-10-01 The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination in Armenia
  • 1828-04-20 Frenchman René Caillié is the first non-Muslim to enter Timbuktu, returns to win 10,000 franc prize from Société de Géographie
  • 1875-12-30 Andrassy Note calls for Christian-Muslim religious freedoms

Historic Event

1887-07-04 Future founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, begins his studies at Sindh Madressatul Islam University in Karachi

  • 1891-05-07 Battle in Bunyoro: Capt F Lugard stops Muslim rebellion, 300 killed
  • 1906-12-30 The All India Muslim League is founded in Dacca, East Bengal, British India Empire, later laid down the foundations of Pakistan
  • 1908-05-27 Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud-Din iss elected the first Khalifa of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.
  • 1913-03-14 South African Supreme Court declares that marriages not celebrated according to Christian rites and/or not registered by the Registrar of Marriages, are invalid; all Muslim and Hindu marriages are therefore declared invalid
  • 1916-06-17 1st national congress of Sarekat Islam at Bandoeng Java
  • 1924-07-11 Muslim-Hindu rebellion in Delhi, India
  • 1926-04-02 Riots between Muslims & Hindus in Calcutta

Historic Event

1930-11-22 Elijah Muhammad forms Nation of Islam in Detroit

  • 1933-01-28 The name "Pakistan" is coined by Choudhry Rahmat Ali and gradually accepted by Muslims in the Indian sub-continent who use it to push for a separate Muslim homeland in South Asia
  • 1940-03-23 The Lahore Resolution (Qarardad-e-Lahore), calling for independent Muslim state(s), is adopted by the All-India Muslim League
  • 1946-08-16 Direct Action Day: Widespread riots erupt in Calcutta between Muslims and Hindus over whether Pakistan should be a separate state, killing over 4,000 and leaving 100,000 homeless
  • 1947-08-15 India gains independence from Great Britain, remains a dominion until 1950
  • 1947-09-07 Battles between Hindus & Muslims in New Delhi, India
  • 1951-03-20 Indonesian army offensive against Darul Islam on Java
  • 1953-09-22 Islamic uprising in Atjeh, Indonesia
  • 1953-11-02 Pakistan becomes islamic republic
  • 1954-01-13 Military rule in Egypt; 318 Muslim Brotherhood members arrested
  • 1954-10-07 Hassan el Hodeiby, leader of the Muslim Brothership, arrested in Egypt

Historic Event

1954-10-29 Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser disbands the Muslim Brotherhood

  • 1955-04-06 Yemen: failed coup by Abdullah Seif el-Islam
  • 1956-02-29 Islamic Republic forms in Pakistan
  • 1956-03-23 Pakistan proclaimed an Islamic republic in Commonwealth (National Day)
  • 1960-07-31 Elijah Muhammad, leader of Nation of Islam, calls for a black state
  • 1960-08-01 Islamabad declared as the federal capital of the Government of Pakistan.
  • 1961-03-27 Failed assassination attempt on King Saif al-Islam Achmad of Yemen
  • 1962-02-18 France & Algerian Muslims negotiate truce to end 7 year war
  • 1962-11-16 Kuwait adopts constitution (1st, Islamitic)
  • 1964-01-10 Battles between Muslims & Hindus in Calcutta
  • 1964-01-13 Hindu-Muslim rioting breaks out in the Indian city of Calcutta - now Kolkata - resulting in the deaths of more than 100 people.

Sports History

1964-03-06 Boxing legend Cassius Clay joins the Nation of Islam and changes his name to "Muhammad Ali", calling his former title a "slave name"

  • 1965-01-21 Iranian premier Hassan Ali Mansur assassinated by 17-year-old Mohammad Bokharaei, a member of the Fadayan-e Islam
  • 1965-02-21 Rights activist Malcolm X is shot dead by Nation of Islam followers at Audubon Ballroom in New York City
  • 1965-10-08 Muslims in Jakarta set fire to PKI headquarters
  • 1965-12-06 Pakistan's Islamic Ideology Advisory Committee recommends that Islamic Studies be made a compulsory subject for Muslim students from primary to graduate level.
  • 1967-05-06 Zakir Husain elected 1st Muslim President of India
  • 1973-01-23 Jordan Air crash at Kano, Nigeria kills 176 Muslim pilgrims
  • 1974-01-12 Libya & Tunisia announces they are merging as "Islamic Arab Republic"

Historic Event

1974-04-01 Ayatollah Khomeini calls for an Islamic Republic in Iran

  • 1974-04-17 Muslim fundamentalists assault military academy in Heliopolis, Egypt
  • 1974-12-04 Dutch DC-8 charter crashes in Sri Lanka killing 191 Muslim pilgrims
  • 1977-03-09 Hanafi Muslims invade 3 buildings in Washington, D.C., siege ended Mar 11th
  • 1977-03-11 Hanafi Muslims hold 130 hostages in Washington, D.C.
  • 1977-04-01 Attempt for Muslim state in Chad fails
  • 1977-07-23 Washington jury convicts 12 Hanafi Muslims on hostage charges

Music History

1977-12-23 British singer-songwriter Cat Stevens formally converts to Islam, taking the name Yusuf Islam

  • 1978-07-06 Israeli jet fighters swooped over mostly Muslim West Beirut
  • 1979-01-20 1 million Iranians march in Tehran in a show of support for the exiled Ayatollah Khomeini, fundamentalist Muslim leader
  • 1979-02-14 In Kabul, Muslims kidnap the American ambassador to Afghanistan, Adolph Dubs who is later killed during a gunfight between his kidnappers and police
  • 1979-04-01 Iran proclaimed an Islamic Republic following fall of Shah
  • 1979-05-09 Iranian-Jewish businessman Habib Elghanian is the 1st Jew executed by the Islamic government firing squad in Tehran, prompting the mass exodus of the once 100,000-strong Jewish community of Iran
  • 1979-06-16 Muslim Brotherhood kills 62 sheiks in Aleppo, Syria
  • 1979-11-20 Islamic extremists led by Juhayman al-Otaybi occupy the Grand Mosque of Mecca, declare the arrival of the Mahdi (the "redeemer of Islam") in the form of Mohammed Abdullah al-Qahtani and call for the overthrow of the House of Saud. Siege lasts two weeks with 100s killed and sets Saudi Arabia on an ultra-conservative path. [1]
  • 1979-11-21 Crowd at Islamabad, Pakistan attack US embassy, 1 dies
  • 1981-06-17 Battle between Muslims & Christians in Cairo, 14 killed
  • 1981-06-29 Bomb attack on headquarters of Islamic Party in Tehran, 72 killed
  • 1982-02-02 Government troops and Muslim fundamentalists battle in Hamah, Syria

Famous Birthdays

  • 0570-04-22 Muhammad, Arabic prophet and founder of Islam (Quran), born in Mecca, Hejaz, Arabia (d. 632 AD) (approximate dates)
  • 0570-04-26 Muhammed, founder of Islam, according to the Shi'a sect. Other sources suggest April 20. Observed according to the Islamic lunar calendar
  • 0645-07-23 Yazid I [Yazīd ibn Mu‘āwiya Lanatullah], second Umayyad caliph (680–683) (d. 683)
  • 0702-04-20 Jafar al-Sadiq, Muslim scholar and scientist, born in Medina, Umayyad Empire (d. 765)
  • 0810-07-19 Imam Bukhari [Muḥammad al-Bukhari], Islamic scholar and compiler of Hadith (Sahih al-Bukhari), born in Bukhara, Greater Khorāsān (now in Uzbekistan) (d. 870)
  • 0812-04-12 Muhammad at-Taqi, Muslim Shia Imam, born in Medina, Abbasid Empire (d. 835)
  • 0846-12-06 Hasan al-Askari, 11th Imam of Twelver Shia Islam, born in Medina, Abbasid Empire (d. 874)
  • 0994-11-07 Muhammad ibn Hazm, Andalusian historian, jurist and author of Islamic Spain, born in Córdoba, Caliphate of Córdoba (d. 1064)
  • 1075-03-18 Abu al-Qasim Mahmud ibn Umar al-Zamakhshari, Muslim scholar of Persian origin, born in Zamakhshar, Khwarezmia (d. 1144)
  • 1165-07-28 Ibn al-'Arabi, Muslim mystic and philosopher (The Meccan Revelations), born in Murcia, Spain (d. 1240)
  • 1263-01-22 Ibn Taymiya, Islamic scholar (d. 1328)
  • 1675-07-14 Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French soldier who served the Ottoman Empire and converted to Islam (d. 1747)
  • 1817-10-17 Syed Ahmad Khan, Indian Muslim leader, born in Delhi, Mughal Empire
  • 1835-02-13 Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (d. 1908)
  • 1837-01-02 Mily Balakirev, Russian pianist and composer (Islamej, Tamara), born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia (d. 1910)
  • 1872-04-14 Abdullah Yusuf Ali, British-Indian Islamic scholar and translator (translated Qu'ran into English), born in Bombay, British India (d. 1953)

Mohammed Ali Jinnah

1876-12-25 Muhammad Ali Jinnah [Mahomedali Jinnahbhai], Founder of Pakistan who led the All-India Muslim League (1913-47) until he achieved his dream of Pakistan and became its 1st Governor-General (1947-48), born in Karachi, Bombay Presidency, British India (d. 1948)

Aga Khan III

1877-11-02 Aga Khan III, Shia Imam who was one of the founders of the All-India Muslim League and later President of the League of Nations (1937-38), born in Karachi, British India (d. 1957)

  • 1885-02-14 Syed Zafarul Hasan, Indian-Pakistani Prominent Muslim philosopher (d. 1949)
  • 1885-09-18 Muslim Magomayev, Azerbaijani-Soviet composer, born in Grozny, Chechen Republic, Russia (d. 1937)
  • 1894-07-19 Khawaja Nazimuddin, 2nd Prime Minister of Pakistan and President of Pakistan Muslim League, born in Dacca, Bengal, British India (d. 1964)

Elijah Muhammad

1896-10-07 Elijah Muhammad [Elijah Robert Poole], American religious leader (Nation of Islam), born in Sandersville, Georgia (d. 1975)

  • 1897-11-16 Choudhary Rehmat Ali, Pakistani nationalist (one of the earliest proponents of the creation of the state of Pakistan and recognized as the creator of the name “Pakistan” for a separate Muslim, homeland in South Asia and is known as the founder of the Pakistan National Movement), born in Garhshankar, Punjab, British India (d. 1951)
  • 1899-05-25 Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bengali poet, musician, revolutionary and philosopher, born in Asansol, Burdwan, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1976)
  • 1899-07-18 Willem Kernkamp, Dutch minister of Colonies (Islam & Woman), born in Edam, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • 1899-11-19 Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei, Iranian influential Shia Islamic scholar, born in Khoy, West Azerbaijan Province, Iran (d. 1992)
  • 1906-10-14 Hassan al-Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood, born in Mahmoudiyah, Beheira, Egypt (d. 1949)
  • 1910-06-04 Jacques Berque, French Islamic scholar, born in Frenda, Algeria (d. 1995)
  • 1914-06-11 Jack Mann, British fighter pilot and hostage, kidnapped by Islamists in Lebanon in May 1989, born in Northampton, England (d. 1995)
  • 1920-04-05 Rafiq Zakaria, Indian politician and Islamic religious cleric, born in Nala Sopara, British India (d. 2005)

Malcolm X

1925-05-19 Malcolm X [Little], African American human rights activist and Muslim minister, born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 1965)

  • 1926-09-09 Yusuf al-Qaradawi, prominent Egypt Muslim cleric
  • 1933-01-17 Aga Khan, religious leader (Muslims)

Louis Farrakhan

1933-05-11 Louis Farrakhan [Louis Eugene Wolcott], American religious leader (Nation of Islam, Million Man March), born in New York City

  • 1933-07-02 Kalim Siddiqui, islamic campaigner
  • 1934-12-31 Akram Awan, Islamic scholar & spiritual leader, born in Chakwal, Pakistan (d. 2017)
  • 1935-02-04 Wallis Mathias, Pakistan cricket batsman (21 Tests; first non-Muslim to play for Pakistan), born in Karachi, Pakistan (d. 1994)
  • 1936-12-13 Karim Aga Khan, Imam of Nizari-Ismaili Shia Islam, born in Geneva, Switzerland
  • 1938-01-30 Islam Karimov, President of Uzbekistan (1991-2016), born in Samarkand (d. 2016)
  • 1938-08-17 Abu Bakar Bashir, Indonesian Muslim cleric, born in Jombang, Dutch East Indies
  • 1939-12-29 Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, Maldivian politician & Islamic scholar, born in Malé, Maldives
  • 1941-11-25 Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi, Indian Muslim Sufi, author, spiritual leader (d. 2001)
  • 1942-07-21 Alun Davies, Welsh touring and session guitarist (Cat Stevens/Yusuf Islam), born in Wales

Shirin Ebadi

1947-06-21 Shirin Ebadi, Iranian lawyer, human rights activist and 1st Iranian Muslim woman to receive a Nobel Peace Prize (2003), born in Hamadan, Iran

  • 1948-01-12 Khalid Abdul Muhammed, American Nation of Islam spokesman, born in Houston, Texas (d. 2001)

Cat Stevens

1948-07-21 Cat Stevens [Steven Demetre Georgiou; Yusuf Islam], British singer-songwriter ("Peace Train"; "Moonshadow"), born in Marleybone, London, England

  • 1951-02-19 Shaykh-ul-Islam Dr Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri (Db), Pakistani Islamic Sufi Scholar
  • 1951-08-08 Mohamed Morsi, Egyptian politician, President of Egypt (2012-13), leader of the Muslim Brotherhood, born in El Adwah, Egypt (d. 2019)

Benazir Bhutto

1953-06-21 Benazir Bhutto, 12th Prime Minister of Pakistan and 1st female leader of a Muslim nation, born in Karachi, Pakistan (d. 2007)

Osama bin Laden

1957-03-10 Osama bin Laden, Islamic militant and founder of al-Qaeda, born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (d. 2011)

  • 1957-03-11 Qasem Soleimani, Iranian major general of the Quds Force of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, born in Kerman, Iran (d. 2020)
  • 1962-08-26 Tariq Ramadan, Islamic scholar, born in Geneva, Switzerland
  • 1965-01-06 Muhammed al-Ahari, American Muslim writer
  • 1970-10-08 Sadiq Khan, British politician and 1st Muslim Mayor of London, born in London, England

Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi

1971-07-28 Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, Leader of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), born in Samarra, Iraq (d. 2019)

  • 1976-07-24 Rashida Tlaib, American politician (Rep-D-Michigan 2018-), one of the first Muslim women elected to US House, born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1976-11-27 Tyrone Sutton, American pop and R&B singer (Perfect Gentlemen - “Ohh La La (I Can’t Get Over You)”) and Muslim chaplain, born in Massachussetts
  • 1981-10-04 Ilhan Omar, Somali American politician (Rep-D-Minnesota 2018-) one of first Muslim women elected to US House, born in Mogadishu, Somalia
  • 1984-05-04 Manjural Islam, Bangladeshi test cricket player, born in Khulna, Bangladesh (d. 2007)

Famous Weddings

Malala Yousafzai

2021-11-09 Nobel Peace Prize winner Malala Yousafzai ties the knot with Asser Malik in an Islamic Nikkah ceremony in Birmingham, England

Famous Deaths

  • 0624-03-13 Abu Sufjan becomes Quraish chief and leader of Mecca after loss at Battle of Badr against Muslim forces
  • 0632-06-08 Mohammad, Arabic prophet and founder of Islam (Quran), dies of suspected fever at around 62 (approximate date)
  • 0634-08-22 Abd Allah Abu Bekr, Arabic merchant/1st kalief of Islam, dies
  • 0644-11-07 Umar ibn al-Khattāb, Second caliph of Islam, dies of injuries after assassination attempt 4 days earlier
  • 0644-12-08 Omar I, 2nd Caliph of Islam (634-44), oversaw conquest of Persia and Egypt), murdered at 59 or 60
  • 0656-06-17 Osman ibn Affan, 3rd kalief of Islam (644-56) murdered
  • 0664-01-06 Amr ibn al-A'as, Arab general who led the Muslim conquest of Egypt, dies at about 90
  • 0743-02-06 Hisham ibn 'Abd al-Malik, 10th Umayyad caliph (724-43), dies at about 52
  • 0765-12-04 Jafar al-Sadiq, Muslim scholar and scientist, dies at 63
  • 0786-09-24 Al-Hadi, Arabic kalief of Islam (185-86), dies
  • 0813-09-25 al-Amin, Arabic kalief of Islam (809-813), murdered
  • 0820-01-20 Muslim jurist Abu Abdallah M ibn Idris al-Sjafi'i, dies
  • 0835-11-27 Muhammad at-Taqi, Muslim Shia Imam, dies at 24
  • 0855-07-31 Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Muslim Jurisprudent (b. 780)
  • 0870-09-01 Imam Bukhari [Muḥammad al-Bukhari], Islamic scholar and compiler of Hadith (Sahih al-Bukhari), dies at 60
  • 0874-01-01 Hasan al-Askari, 11th Imam of Twelver Shia Islam, dies at 27
  • 0923-02-16 Abu Dja'far Mohammed Djarir al-Tabari, islamic historian, dies at 83
  • 1030-04-30 Mohammud van Ghazna, Turkish mayor (G'widen)/Islamic ruler, dies
  • 1064-08-15 Muhammad ibn Hazm, Andalusian historian, jurist and author of Islamic Spain, dies at 69
  • 1240-11-16 Ibn al-'Arabi, Muslim mystic and philosopher (The Meccan Revelations), dies at 75
  • 1898-03-27 Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Indian Muslim intellectual and one of the founding fathers of Pakistan dies at 80
  • 1900-06-02 Samori Ture, Muslim leader of the Wassoulou Empire (1878-98), dies in captivity at 69 or 70
  • 1910-05-29 Mily Balakirev, Russian pianist and composer (Islamej; Tamara), dies at 73
  • 1920-12-16 Ma Yuanzhang, Chinese Muslim rebel and Sufi master, crushed to death during the 1920 Haiyuan earthquake at an unknown age
  • 1931-09-18 Hazrat Babajan, a Baloch Muslim saint (b. c. 1806)
  • 1937-07-28 Muslim Magomayev, Azerbaijani-Soviet composer, dies at 51

Mohammed Ali Jinnah

1948-09-11 Muhammad Ali Jinnah [Mahomedali Jinnahbhai], Founder of Pakistan who led the All-India Muslim League (1913-47) until he achieved his dream of Pakistan and became its 1st Governor-General (1947-48), dies of tuberculous at 71

  • 1949-02-12 Hassan al Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood, dies at 42
  • 1949-06-19 Syed Zafarul Hasan, Indian-Pakistani Prominent Muslim philosopher, dies at 64
  • 1951-02-12 Choudhary Rehmat Ali, Pakistani nationalist (one of the earliest proponents of the creation of the state of Pakistan and recognized as the creator of the name “Pakistan” for a separate Muslim, homeland in South Asia and is known as the founder of the Pakistan National Movement), dies at 53
  • 1953-12-10 Abdullah Yusuf Ali, British-Indian Islamic scholar and translator (translated Qu'ran into English), dies at 81
  • 1955-04-16 Abdullah Seif el-Islam, brother of Yemenite king Ahmed, beheaded
  • 1956-07-18 Willem Kernkamp, Dutch minister of Colonies (Islam & Woman), dies at 57
  • 1962-09-16 Saif al-Islam Achmad, monarch of Yemen, dies at about 71
  • 1964-10-22 Khawaja Nazimuddin, 2nd Prime Minister of Pakistan and President of Pakistan Muslim League, dies at 70

AssassinationMalcolm X

1965-02-21 Malcolm X [Little], African American human rights activist and Muslim minister, assassinated in New York City at 39

Elijah Muhammad

1975-02-25 Elijah Muhammad [Elijah Robert Poole], American religious leader (Nation of Islam), dies of heart failure at 77

  • 1976-08-29 Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bengali poet, musician, revolutionary and philosopher, dies at 77
  • 1979-02-16 Mehdi Rahimi, Iranian general and military governor of Tehran under the Shah of Iran, executed by a firing squad during the Islamic Revolution at around 57
  • 1985-01-18 Mahmoud Taha, Sudanese Muslim leader, hanged at 76
  • 1992-08-08 Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei, Iranian influential Shia Islamic scholar, dies at 92
  • 1994-04-25 Talaat Yassin Hamman, militant Muslim leader, shot dead at 32
  • 1994-09-01 Wallis Mathias, Pakistan cricket batsman (21 Tests; first non-Muslim to play for Pakistan), dies at 59
  • 1994-09-23 Ali Kouider Benyahia [sheik Boualem], Alg Muslim leader, shot at 26
  • 1994-09-23 Cherif Gousmi [kalief Abu Abdallah Ahmed], Alger Muslim leader, shot
  • 1995-07-04 Jacques Berque, French Islamic scholar, dies at 85
  • 1995-11-12 Jack Mann, British fighter pilot and hostage, kidnapped by Islamists in Lebanon in May 1989, dies at 81
  • 1996-04-18 Kalim Siddiqui, Pakistani-British writer & Islamic activist, dies at 62
  • 1998-06-25 Lounès Matoub, Kabylian singer-songwriter, guitar and mandole player, and Berber rights activist,, assassinated by the Armed Islamic Group (GIA) at 42
  • 2000-05-18 Maulana Yousuf Ludhianvi, Muslim scholar, dies at 68
  • 2001-02-17 Khalid Abdul Muhammed, American Nation of Islam spokesman (b. 1948)
  • 2001-11-25 Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi, Muslim Sufi, author, spiritual leader (b. 1941)
  • 2003-09-30 Yusuf Bey, Black Muslim leader (b. 1935)
  • 2005-05-12 Martin Lings, English Islamic scholar (b. 1909)
  • 2005-07-09 Rafiq Zakaria, Indian politician and Islamic religious cleric, dies at 86
  • 2005-08-08 Ahmed Deedat, Islamic scholar (b. 1918)
  • 2006-01-19 Aoun Al-Sharif Qasim, Sudanese writer and Islamic scholar (b. 1933)
  • 2006-10-24 William Montgomery Watt, Islamic studies scholar, orientalist and historian (b. 1909)
  • 2007-02-01 Ahmad Abu Laban, Danish Muslim leader, dies at 60
  • 2007-03-16 Manjural Islam, Bangladeshi test cricketer, dies at 22

AssassinationBenazir Bhutto

2007-12-27 Benazir Bhutto, 12th Prime Minister of Pakistan and 1st female leader of a Muslim nation, assassinated in Rawalpindi by a suicide bomber at 54

  • 2009-06-13 Fathi Yakan, Lebanese leader and Muslim cleric (b. 1933)
  • 2009-09-17 Noordin Mohammad Top, Malaysian Islamist terrorist (b. 1968)
  • 2010-07-04 Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah, Iraqi-born Lebanese Shiite Muslim cleric and Hezbollah mentor (b. 1935)

Osama bin Laden

2011-05-02 Osama bin Laden, Islamic militant and founder of al-Qaeda, shot and killed in Abbottabad, Pakistan by navy seals during Operation Neptune Spear at 54

  • 2013-05-22 Fusilier Lee Rigby, British Army soldier, murdered near the Royal Artillery Barracks in London by two Islamic terrorists, Michael Adebolajo and Michael Adebowale
  • 2014-07-25 Salah Abu Hassanein, leader of Islamic Jihad's military wing, dies in Israeli airstrike
  • 2016-09-02 Islam Karimov, President of Uzbekistan (1991-2016), dies at 78
  • 2018-05-07 Isyaku Rabiu, Nigerian businessman and Islamic scholar, dies at 92
  • 2019-06-17 Mohamed Morsi, Egyptian politician, President of Egypt (2012-13), leader of the Muslim Brotherhood, dies at 67

Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi

2019-10-26 Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, Leader of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), detonates a suicide vest after being cornered by US special forces and dies at 48

  • 2020-01-03 Qasem Soleimani, Iranian major general of the Quds Force of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, killed at 62 in a US drone strike outside Baghdad airport, Iraq