Islamic History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 255

  • 0610-08-10 In Islam, the traditional date of the Laylat al-Qadr, when Muhammad began to receive the Qur'an
  • 0622-07-16 Muslim Era begins - Muhammad begins flight from Mecca to Medina (Hijra)
  • 0622-09-20 Islamic Prophet Muhammed/Abu Bakr arrives in Jathrib (Medina)
  • 0624-03-13 Battle of Badr: Muhammad's Muslim forces win significant victory over Meccan army
  • 0636-08-20 Battle at Yarmuk: Muslims beat Byzantines [or August 15]
  • 0637-10-30 Antioch surrenders to the Muslim forces under Rashidun Caliphate after the Battle of Iron bridge
  • 0641-06-09 Arabic/Islamic army contrasts with the Hippo over Alexandria
  • 0644-11-03 Umar ibn al-Khattab, second Muslim caliph, is killed by a Persian slave in Medina
  • 0644-12-14 Uthman ibn Affan, companion of Muhammad, appointed 3rd Caliph of Islam
  • 0656-06-17 Ali ibn Abu Talib elected the 4th Caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate
  • 0657-07-26 Battle of Siffin during the first Muslim civil war between Ali ibn Abi Talib and Muawiyah I beside Euphrates River
  • 0694-11-09 Spanish King Egica accuses Jews of aiding Muslims/sentenced to slavery
  • 0711-04-30 Islamic conquest of Iberia: Moorish troops led by Tariq ibn-Ziyad land at Gibraltar to begin their invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (Al-Andalus)
  • 0711-07-19 Muslim forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad defeat the Visigoths led by their king Roderic
  • 0733-10-17 Battle at Tours (Poitiers): Charles Martel's Frankish and Burgundian forces beat those of al-Andalus under Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi halting Islamic influence (date disputed)
  • 0878-05-21 Syracuse is captured by the Muslim sultan of Sicily.

  • 0920-07-26 Rout of an alliance of Christian troops from Navarre and Léon against the Muslims at Pamplona
  • 0982-07-14 King Otto II and his Frankish army defeated in pitched battle with Muslim army of al-Qasim at Cape Colonna, Southern Italy
  • 1099-07-08 First Crusade: 15,000 starving Christian soldiers march in religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders look on
  • 1141-09-08 -9] Battle of Samarkand: Yelutashi defeats Islams

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1191-08-20 Crusader King Richard I kills 3,000 muslim prisoners in Akko

  • 1212-07-16 Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa; end of Muslim power in Spain
  • 1256-12-15 Hulagu Khan captures and destroys Hashshashin stronghold at Alamut, in present-day Iran, part of the Mongol offensive on Islamic southwest Asia
  • 1332-02-18 Amda Seyon I, Emperor of Ethiopia begins his campaigns in the southern Muslim provinces.
  • 1480-08-12 Battle of Otranto - Ottoman troops behead 800 Christians for refusing to convert to Islam

SpainCompletion of the Reconquista

1492-01-02 Muhammad XII, the last Emir of Granada, surrenders his city to Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabel I of Castile, ending both the Reconquista and centuries of Muslim rule in the Iberian peninsula
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The Surrender of Granada by Francisco Pradilla Ortiz: Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile accept the surrender of Granada
The Surrender of Granada by Francisco Pradilla Ortiz: Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile accept the surrender of Granada
  • 1502-02-12 Muslims in Granada forced to convert to Catholicism

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1510-05-30 Portuguese forces under Afonso de Albuquerque abandon Goa after its former ruler Yusuf Adil Shah, the Muslim King of Bijapur reconquers the city

Admiral and Duke of Goa Afonso de Albuquerque
Admiral and Duke of Goa
Afonso de Albuquerque
  • 1510-12-10 Muslim ruler of Goa, Yusuf Adil Shah and his Ottoman allies surrender to Portuguese forces led by Afonso de Albuquerque who puts the Muslim population to the sword
  • 1542-02-02 Portuguese under Christovão da Gama capture a Muslim-occupied hillfort in northern Ethiopia in the Battle of Baçente.
  • 1543-02-11 Battle at Wayna Daga: Ethiopian and Portuguese troops beat Muslim army
  • 1666-09-16 "Messiah" Sjabtai Tswi becomes Islamiet
  • 1705-12-26 Fateh Singh (6) and Zorawar Singh (7), sons of Guru Gobind Singh, are murdered by Wazir Khan for refusing to convert to Islam; they are now among the most hallowed martyrs in Sikhism
  • 1825-07-21 Java princess Dipo Negoro/Mangkubumi declare war on all non-islamics
  • 1827-10-01 The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination in Armenia
  • 1828-04-20 Frenchman René Caillié is the first non-Muslim to enter Timbuktu, returns to win 10,000 franc prize from Société de Géographie

  • 1875-12-30 Andrassy Note calls for Christian-Muslim religious freedoms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1887-07-04 Future founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, begins his studies at Sindh Madressatul Islam University in Karachi

Founder of Pakistan Mohammed Ali Jinnah
Founder of Pakistan
Mohammed Ali Jinnah
  • 1889-03-23 The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community established by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian, India
  • 1891-05-07 Battle in Bunyoro: Capt F Lugard stops Muslim rebellion, 300 killed
  • 1906-12-30 The All India Muslim League is founded in Dacca, East Bengal, British India Empire, later laid down the foundations of Pakistan
  • 1908-05-27 Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud-Din iss elected the first Khalifa of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.
  • 1913-03-14 South African Supreme Court declares that marriages not celebrated according to Christian rites and/or not registered by the Registrar of Marriages, are invalid; all Muslim and Hindu marriages are therefore declared invalid
  • 1916-06-17 1st national congress of Sarekat Islam at Bandoeng Java
  • 1924-07-11 Muslim-Hindu rebellion in Delhi, India
  • 1926-04-02 Riots between Muslims & Hindus in Calcutta

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930-11-22 Elijah Muhammad forms Nation of Islam in Detroit

Religious Leader Elijah Muhammad
Religious Leader
Elijah Muhammad
  • 1933-01-28 The name "Pakistan" is coined by Choudhry Rahmat Ali and gradually accepted by Muslims in the Indian sub-continent who use it to push for a separate Muslim homeland in South Asia
  • 1940-03-23 All-India-Muslim League calls for a Muslim homeland
  • 1940-03-23 The Lahore Resolution (Qarardad-e-Pakistan or the then Qarardad-e-Lahore) is put forward at the Annual General Convention of the All India Muslim League.
  • 1946-08-16 Direct Action Day: Widespread riots erupt in Calcutta between Muslims and Hindus over whether Pakistan should be a separate state, killing over 4,000 and leaving 100,000 homeless
  • 1947-08-15 India gains independence from Great Britain, remains a dominion until 1950
  • 1947-09-07 Battles between Hindus & Muslims in New Delhi, India
  • 1951-03-20 Indonesian army offensive against Darul Islam on Java
  • 1953-09-22 Islamic uprising in Atjeh, Indonesia
  • 1953-11-02 Pakistan becomes islamic republic
  • 1954-01-13 Military rule in Egypt; 318 Muslim Brotherhood members arrested
  • 1954-10-07 Hassan el Hodeiby, leader of the Muslim Brothership, arrested in Egypt
  • 1954-10-29 Colonel Nasser disbands Muslim Brotherhood
  • 1955-04-06 Yemen: failed coup by Abdullah Seif el-Islam
  • 1956-02-29 Islamic Republic forms in Pakistan
  • 1956-03-23 Pakistan proclaimed an Islamic republic in Commonwealth (National Day)
  • 1960-07-31 Elijah Muhammad, leader of Nation of Islam, calls for a black state
  • 1960-08-01 Islamabad declared as the federal capital of the Government of Pakistan.
  • 1961-03-27 Failed assassination attempt on King Saif al-Islam Achmad of Yemen
  • 1962-02-18 France & Algerian Muslims negotiate truce to end 7 year war
  • 1962-11-16 Kuwait adopts constitution (1st, Islamitic)
  • 1964-01-10 Battles between Muslims & Hindus in Calcutta
  • 1964-01-13 Hindu-Muslim rioting breaks out in the Indian city of Calcutta - now Kolkata - resulting in the deaths of more than 100 people.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964-03-06 Boxing legend Cassius Clay joins the Nation of Islam and changes his name to "Muhammad Ali", calling his former title a "slave name"

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Muhammad Ali
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Muhammad Ali

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964-03-08 Malcolm X resigns from the Nation of Islam

African American Activist Malcolm X
African American Activist
Malcolm X
  • 1965-01-21 Iranian premier Hassan Ali Mansur assassinated by 17-year-old Mohammad Bokharaei, a member of the Fadayan-e Islam
  • 1965-02-21 Rights activist Malcolm X is shot dead by Nation of Islam followers at Audubon Ballroom in New York City
  • 1965-10-08 Muslims in Jakarta set fire to PKI headquarters
  • 1965-12-06 Pakistan's Islamic Ideology Advisory Committee recommends that Islamic Studies be made a compulsory subject for Muslim students from primary to graduate level.
  • 1967-05-06 Zakir Husain elected 1st Muslim president of India
  • 1973-01-23 Jordan Air crash at Kano, Nigeria kills 176 Muslim pilgrims
  • 1974-01-12 Libya & Tunisia announces they are merging as "Islamic Arab Republic"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974-04-01 Ayatollah Khomeini calls for an Islamic Republic in Iran

Supreme Leader of Iran Ayatollah Khomeini
Supreme Leader of Iran
Ayatollah Khomeini
  • 1974-04-17 Muslim fundamentalists assault military academy in Heliopolis, Egypt
  • 1974-12-04 Dutch DC-8 charter crashes in Sri Lanka killing 191 Muslim pilgrims
  • 1977-03-09 Hanafi Muslims invade 3 buildings in Washington, D.C., siege ended Mar 11th
  • 1977-03-11 Hanafi Muslims hold 130 hostages in Washington, D.C.
  • 1977-04-01 Attempt for Muslim state in Chad fails
  • 1977-07-23 Washington jury convicts 12 Hanafi Muslims on hostage charges
  • 1978-07-06 Israeli jet fighters swooped over mostly Muslim West Beirut
  • 1979-01-20 1 million Iranians march in Tehran in a show of support for the exiled Ayatollah Khomeini, fundamentalist Muslim leader
  • 1979-02-14 In Kabul, Muslims kidnap the American ambassador to Afghanistan, Adolph Dubs who is later killed during a gunfight between his kidnappers and police
  • 1979-04-01 Iran proclaimed an Islamic Republic following fall of Shah
  • 1979-05-09 Iranian-Jewish businessman Habib Elghanian is the 1st Jew executed by the Islamic government firing squad in Tehran, prompting the mass exodus of the once 100,000-strong Jewish community of Iran
  • 1979-06-16 Muslim Brotherhood kills 62 sheiks in Aleppo Syria
  • 1979-11-21 Crowd at Islamabad, Pakistan attack US embassy, 1 dies
  • 1981-06-17 Battle between Muslims & Christians in Cairo, 14 killed
  • 1981-06-29 Bomb attack on headquarters of Islamic Party in Tehran, 72 killed
  • 1982-02-02 Government troops and Muslim fundamentalists battle in Hamah, Syria
  • 1983-02-22 Hindus kill 3000 Muslims in Assam, India
  • 1983-05-23 Radio Moscow announcer Vladimir Danchev praises Afghanistan Muslims standing up to Russia; he is removed from the air
  • 1984-02-06 Muslim militiamen take over West Beirut from Lebanese army
  • 1984-08-08 Nawal El Moutawakel of Morocco becomes the first female Olympic champion of a Muslim nation, and the first of her country in the 400m hurdles at the Los Angeles Olympics
  • 1985-06-14 Lebanese Shiite Muslim extremists hijacked TWA Flight 847

Famous Birthdays

  • 0570-04-22 Muhammad, Arabic prophet and founder of Islam (Quran), born in Mecca, Hejaz, Arabia (d. 632 AD) (approximate dates)
  • 0570-04-26 Muhammed, founder of Islam, according to the Shi'a sect. Other sources suggest April 20. Observed according to the Islamic lunar calendar
  • 0645-07-23 Yazid I [Yazīd ibn Mu‘āwiya Lanatullah], second Umayyad caliph (680–683) (d. 683)
  • 0702-04-20 Jafar al-Sadiq, Muslim scholar and scientist, born in Medina, Umayyad Empire (d. 765)
  • 0810-07-19 Imam Bukhari, Islamic scholar and compiler of Hadith, born in Bukhara, Khorasan (modern day Iran) (d. 870)
  • 0812-04-12 Muhammad at-Taqi, Muslim Shia Imam, born in Medina, Abbasid Empire (d. 835)
  • 0846-12-06 Hasan al-Askari, 11th Imam of Twelver Shia Islam, born in Medina, Abbasid Empire (d. 874)
  • 0994-11-07 Muhammad ibn Hazm, Andalusian historian, jurist and author of Islamic Spain, born in Córdoba, Caliphate of Córdoba (d. 1064)
  • 1075-03-18 Abu al-Qasim Mahmud ibn Umar al-Zamakhshari, Muslim scholar of Persian origin, born in Zamakhshar, Khwarezmia (d. 1144)
  • 1165-07-28 Ibn al-'Arabi, Muslim mystic/philosopher
  • 1263-01-22 Ibn Taymiya, Islamic scholar (d. 1328)

Person of interestIbn Khaldūn

1332-05-27 Ibn Khaldūn, North African Islamic scholar, philosopher and historian (Muqaddimah), born in Tunis (d. 1406)

Islamic Scholar, Philosopher and Historian Ibn Khaldūn
Islamic Scholar, Philosopher and Historian
Ibn Khaldūn
  • 1817-10-17 Syed Ahmad Khan, Indian Muslim leader, born in Delhi, Mughal Empire
  • 1835-02-13 Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (d. 1908)
  • 1837-01-02 Mily Balakirev, Russian pianist and composer (Islamej, Tamara), born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia (d. 1910)
  • 1872-04-14 Abdullah Yusuf Ali, British-Indian Islamic scholar and translator (translated Qu'ran into English), born in Bombay, British India (d. 1953)

Person of interestMohammed Ali Jinnah

1876-12-25 Muhammad Ali Jinnah [Mahomedali Jinnahbhai], Founder of Pakistan who led the All-India Muslim League (1913-47) until he achieved his dream of Pakistan and became its 1st Governor-General (1947-48), born in Karachi, Bombay Presidency, British India (d. 1948)

Founder of Pakistan Mohammed Ali Jinnah
Founder of Pakistan
Mohammed Ali Jinnah

Person of interestAga Khan III

1877-11-02 Aga Khan III, Shia Imam who was one of the founders of the All-India Muslim League and later President of the League of Nations (1937-38), born in Karachi, British India (d. 1957)

48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III
48th Shia Imam
Aga Khan III
  • 1885-02-14 Syed Zafarul Hasan, Indian-Pakistani Prominent Muslim philosopher (d. 1949)
  • 1885-09-18 Muslim Magomayev, Azerbaijani-Soviet composer, born in Grozny, Chechen Republic, Russia (d. 1937)
  • 1894-07-19 Khawaja Nazimuddin, 2nd Prime Minister of Pakistan and President of Pakistan Muslim League, born in Dacca, Bengal, British India (d. 1965)

Person of interestElijah Muhammad

1896-10-07 Elijah Muhammad [Elijah Robert Poole], American religious leader (Nation of Islam), born in Sandersville, Georgia (d. 1975)

Religious Leader Elijah Muhammad
Religious Leader
Elijah Muhammad
  • 1899-05-25 Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bengali poet, musician, revolutionary and philosopher, born in Asansol, Burdwan, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1976)
  • 1899-07-18 Willem Kernkamp, Dutch minister of Colonies (Islam & Woman), born in Edam, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • 1899-11-19 Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei, Iranian influential Shia Islamic scholar, born in Khoy, West Azerbaijan Province, Iran (d. 1992)
  • 1906-10-14 Hassan al-Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood, born in Mahmoudiyah, Beheira, Egypt (d. 1949)
  • 1910-06-04 Jacques Berque, French Islamic scholar, born in Frenda, Algeria (d. 1995)
  • 1914-06-11 Jack Mann, British fighter pilot and hostage, kidnapped by Islamists in Lebanon in May 1989, born in Northampton, England (d. 1995)
  • 1920-04-05 Rafiq Zakaria, Indian politician and Islamic religious cleric, born in Nala Sopara, British India (d. 2005)

Person of interestMalcolm X

1925-05-19 Malcolm X [Little], African American human rights activist and Muslim minister, born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 1965)

African American Activist Malcolm X
African American Activist
Malcolm X
  • 1926-09-09 Yusuf al-Qaradawi, prominent Egypt Muslim cleric
  • 1933-01-17 Aga Khan, religious leader (Muslims)

Person of interestLouis Farrakhan

1933-05-11 Louis Farrakhan [Louis Eugene Wolcott], American religious leader (Nation of Islam, Million Man March), born in New York City

Religious Leader Louis Farrakhan
Religious Leader
Louis Farrakhan
  • 1933-07-02 Kalim Siddiqui, islamic campaigner
  • 1934-12-31 Akram Awan, Islamic scholar & spiritual leader, born in Chakwal, Pakistan (d. 2017)
  • 1935-02-04 Wallis Mathias, cricketer (1st non-Muslim to play for Pakistan)
  • 1936-12-13 Karim Aga Khan, Imam of Nizari-Ismaili Shia Islam, born in Geneva, Switzerland
  • 1938-01-30 Islam Karimov, President of Uzbekistan (1991-2016), born in Samarkand (d. 2016)
  • 1938-08-17 Abu Bakar Bashir, Indonesian Muslim cleric
  • 1939-12-29 Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, Maldivian politician & Islamic scholar, born in Malé, Maldives
  • 1941-11-25 Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi, Indian Muslim Sufi, author, spiritual leader (d. 2001)

Person of interestShirin Ebadi

1947-06-21 Shirin Ebadi, Iranian lawyer, human rights activist and 1st Iranian Muslim woman to receive a Nobel Peace Prize (2003), born in Hamadan, Iran

Lawyer and human rights activist Shirin Ebadi
Lawyer and human rights activist
Shirin Ebadi
  • 1948-01-12 Khalid Abdul Muhammed, American Nation of Islam spokesman, born in Houston, Texas (d. 2001)

Person of interestCat Stevens

1948-07-21 Cat Stevens [Steven Demetre Georgiou; Yusaf Islam], rock vocalist (Peace Train), born in London, England

Singer and songwriter Cat Stevens
Singer and songwriter
Cat Stevens
  • 1951-02-19 Shaykh-ul-Islam Dr Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri (Db), Pakistani Islamic Sufi Scholar
  • 1951-08-08 Mohamed Morsi, Egyptian politician, President of Egypt (2012-13), leader of the Muslim Brotherhood, born in El Adwah, Egypt (d. 2019)

Person of interestBenazir Bhutto

1953-06-21 Benazir Bhutto, 12th Prime Minister of Pakistan and 1st female leader of a Muslim nation, born in Karachi, Pakistan (d. 2007)

Pakistani Politican Benazir Bhutto
Pakistani Politican
Benazir Bhutto

Person of interestOsama bin Laden

1957-03-10 Osama bin Laden, Islamic militant and founder of al-Qaeda, born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (d. 2011)

Islamic Militant and Terrorist Osama bin Laden
Islamic Militant and Terrorist
Osama bin Laden
  • 1957-03-11 Qasem Soleimani, Iranian major general of the Quds Force of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, born in Kerman, Iran (d. 2020)
  • 1962-08-26 Tariq Ramadan, Islamic scholar, born in Geneva, Switzerland
  • 1965-01-06 Muhammed al-Ahari, American Muslim writer
  • 1970-10-08 Sadiq Khan, British politician and 1st Muslim Mayor of London, born in London

Person of interestAbu Bakr al-Baghdadi

1971-07-28 Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, Leader of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), born in Samarra, Iraq (d.2019

Leader of Islamic State Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
Leader of Islamic State
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
  • 1976-07-24 Rashida Tlaib, American politician (Rep-D-Michigan 2018-), one of the first Muslim women elected to US House, born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1976-11-27 Tyrone Sutton, American singer (Perfect gentlemen) and Muslim chaplain
  • 1981-10-04 Ilhan Omar, Somali American politician (Rep-D-Minnesota 2018-) one of first Muslim women elected to US House, born in Mogadishu, Somalia
  • 1984-05-04 Manjural Islam, Bangladeshi test cricket player, born in Khulna, Bangladesh (d. 2007)

Famous Deaths

  • 0624-03-13 Abu Sufjan becomes Quraish chief and leader of Mecca after loss at Battle of Badr against Muslim forces
  • 0632-06-08 Mohammad, Arabic prophet and founder of Islam (Quran), dies of suspected fever at around 62 (approximate date)
  • 0634-08-22 Abd Allah Abu Bekr, Arabic merchant/1st kalief of Islam, dies
  • 0644-11-07 Umar ibn al-Khattāb, Second caliph of Islam dies of injuries after assassination attempt 4 days earlier
  • 0644-12-08 Omar I, 2nd Caliph of Islam, murdered
  • 0656-06-17 Osman ibn Affan, 3rd kalief of Islam (644-56) murdered
  • 0743-02-06 Hisham ibn 'Abd al-Malik, 10th Muslim caliph, dies at about 52
  • 0765-12-04 Jafar al-Sadiq, Muslim scholar and scientist, dies at 63
  • 0786-09-24 Al-Hadi, Arabic kalief of Islam (185-86), dies
  • 0813-09-25 al-Amin, Arabic kalief of Islam (809-813), murdered
  • 0820-01-20 Muslim jurist Abu Abdallah M ibn Idris al-Sjafi'i, dies
  • 0835-11-27 Muhammad at-Taqi, Muslim Shia Imam, dies at 24
  • 0855-07-31 Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Muslim Jurisprudent (b. 780)
  • 0870-09-01 Imam Bukhari, Islamic scholar and compiler of Hadith, dies at 60
  • 0874-01-01 Hasan al-Askari, 11th Imam of Twelver Shia Islam, dies at 27
  • 0923-02-16 Abu Dja'far Mohammed Djarir al-Tabari, islamic historian, dies at 83
  • 1030-04-30 Mohammud van Ghazna, Turkish mayor (G'widen)/Islamic ruler, dies
  • 1064-08-15 Muhammad ibn Hazm, Andalusian historian, jurist and author of Islamic Spain, dies at 69

Person of interestIbn Khaldūn

1406-03-19 Ibn Khaldūn, North African Islamic scholar, philosopher and historian (Muqaddimah), dies at 73

Islamic Scholar, Philosopher and Historian Ibn Khaldūn
Islamic Scholar, Philosopher and Historian
Ibn Khaldūn
  • 1898-03-27 Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Indian Muslim intellectual and one of the founding fathers of Pakistan dies at 80
  • 1910-05-29 Mily Balakirev, Russian pianist and composer (Islamej, Tamara), dies at 73
  • 1920-12-16 Ma, the Benovelent, Chinese muslim rebel (holy war), dies
  • 1931-09-18 Hazrat Babajan, a Baloch Muslim saint (b. c. 1806)
  • 1937-07-28 Muslim Magomayev, Azerbaijani-Soviet composer, dies at 51

Person of interestMohammed Ali Jinnah

1948-09-11 Muhammad Ali Jinnah [Mahomedali Jinnahbhai], Founder of Pakistan who led the All-India Muslim League (1913-47) until he achieved his dream of Pakistan and became its 1st Governor-General (1947-48), dies of tuberculous at 71

Founder of Pakistan Mohammed Ali Jinnah
Founder of Pakistan
Mohammed Ali Jinnah
  • 1949-02-12 Hassan al Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood, dies at 42
  • 1949-06-19 Syed Zafarul Hasan, Indian-Pakistani Prominent Muslim philosopher, dies at 64
  • 1953-12-10 Abdullah Yusuf Ali, British-Indian Islamic scholar and translator (translated Qu'ran into English), dies at 81
  • 1955-04-16 Abdullah Seif el-Islam, brother of Yemenite king Ahmed, beheaded
  • 1956-07-18 Willem Kernkamp, Dutch minister of Colonies (Islam & Woman), dies at 57
  • 1962-09-16 Saif al-Islam Achmad, monarch of Yemen, dies at about 71
  • 1964-10-22 Khawaja Nazimuddin, 2nd Prime Minister of Pakistan and President of Pakistan Muslim League, dies at 70

MurderMalcolm X

1965-02-21 Malcolm X [Little], African American human rights activist and Muslim minister, assassinated in New York City at 39

African American Activist Malcolm X
African American Activist
Malcolm X

Person of interestElijah Muhammad

1975-02-25 Elijah Muhammad [Elijah Robert Poole], American religious leader (Nation of Islam), dies of heart failure at 77

Religious Leader Elijah Muhammad
Religious Leader
Elijah Muhammad
  • 1976-08-29 Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bengali poet, musician, revolutionary and philosopher, dies at 77
  • 1981-06-28 Ayatollah Mohammad Beheshti, Iran Islamic Rep Party founder, bombed
  • 1985-01-18 Mahmoud Taha, Sudanese Muslim leader, hanged at 76
  • 1994-04-25 Talaat Yassin Hamman, militant Muslim leader, shot dead at 32
  • 1994-09-23 Ali Kouider Benyahia, [sheik Boualem], Alg Muslim leader, shot at 26
  • 1994-09-23 Cherif Gousmi, [kalief Abu Abdallah Ahmed], Alger Muslim leader, shot
  • 1995-07-04 Jacques Berque, French Islamic scholar, dies at 85
  • 1995-11-12 Jack Mann, British fighter pilot and hostage, kidnapped by Islamists in Lebanon in May 1989, dies at 81
  • 1996-04-18 Kalim Siddiqui, Pakistani-British writer & Islamic activist, dies at 62
  • 2000-05-18 Maulana Yousuf Ludhianvi, Muslim scholar, dies at 68
  • 2001-02-17 Khalid Abdul Muhammed, American Nation of Islam spokesman (b. 1948)
  • 2001-11-25 Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi, Muslim Sufi, author, spiritual leader (b. 1941)
  • 2003-09-30 Yusuf Bey, Black Muslim leader (b. 1935)
  • 2005-05-12 Martin Lings, English Islamic scholar (b. 1909)
  • 2005-07-09 Rafiq Zakaria, Indian politician and Islamic religious cleric, dies at 86
  • 2005-08-08 Ahmed Deedat, Islamic scholar (b. 1918)
  • 2006-01-19 Aoun Al-Sharif Qasim, Sudanese writer and Islamic scholar (b. 1933)
  • 2006-10-24 William Montgomery Watt, Islamic studies scholar, orientalist and historian (b. 1909)
  • 2007-02-01 Ahmad Abu Laban, Danish Muslim leader (b. 1946)
  • 2007-03-16 Manjural Islam, Bangladeshi test cricketer, dies at 22

MurderBenazir Bhutto

2007-12-27 Benazir Bhutto, 12th Prime Minister of Pakistan and 1st female leader of a Muslim nation, assassinated in Rawalpindi by a suicide bomber at 54

Pakistani Politican Benazir Bhutto
Pakistani Politican
Benazir Bhutto
  • 2009-06-13 Fathi Yakan, Lebanese leader and Muslim cleric (b. 1933)
  • 2009-09-17 Noordin Mohammad Top, Malaysian Islamist terrorist (b. 1968)
  • 2010-07-04 Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah, Iraqi-born Lebanese Shiite Muslim cleric and Hezbollah mentor (b. 1935)

Person of interestOsama bin Laden

2011-05-02 Osama bin Laden, Islamic militant and founder of al-Qaeda, shot and killed in Abbottabad, Pakistan by navy seals during Operation Neptune Spear at 54

Islamic Militant and Terrorist Osama bin Laden
Islamic Militant and Terrorist
Osama bin Laden
  • 2013-05-22 Fusilier Lee Rigby, British Army soldier, murdered near the Royal Artillery Barracks in London by two Islamic terrorists, Michael Adebolajo and Michael Adebowale
  • 2014-07-25 Salah Abu Hassanein, leader of Islamic Jihad's military wing, dies in Israeli airstrike
  • 2016-09-02 Islam Karimov, President of Uzbekistan (1991-2016), dies at 78
  • 2018-05-07 Isyaku Rabiu, Nigerian businessman and Islamic scholar, dies at 92
  • 2019-06-17 Mohamed Morsi, Egyptian politician, President of Egypt (2012-13), leader of the Muslim Brotherhood, dies at 67