Jewish History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 621

  • 0539-10-29 BC King Cyrus "the Great" of Persia marches into Babylon, freeing Jewish captives and allowing them to return home
  • 0164-11-21 BC During Maccabbean revolt Judas Maccabaeus recaptures Jersusalem and rededicates the Second Temple, commemorated since as Jewish festival Hanukkah
  • 0065-06-08 Jews revolt against Rome, capturing fortress of Antonia in Jerusalem

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

0068-06-21 Roman General Vespasian conquers Jericho during the Great Jewish Revolt

Roman Emperor Vespasian
Roman Emperor
Vespasian

Event of interestEvent of Interest

0070-08-10 Second Temple in Jerusalem set on fire by Roman army under Titus during the capture of the city (approx)

Roman Emperor Titus
Roman Emperor
Titus
  • 0073-04-16 Masada, a Jewish fortress, falls to the Romans after several months of siege, ending the Jewish Revolt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

0335-10-21 Roman Emperor Constantine the Great rules that Jews are not allowed to purchase and circumcise Christian slaves

Roman Emperor Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Constantine the Great
  • 0415-10-17 Jewish autonomy in Palestine ended by the Romans and Raban Gamliel forced from office
  • 0418-03-10 Jews are excluded from public office in the Roman Empire
  • 0694-11-09 Spanish King Egica accuses Jews of aiding Muslims/sentenced to slavery
  • 1096-05-18 Crusaders massacre Jews of Worms
  • 1096-06-25 1st Crusade slaughter Jews of Werelinghofen Germany
  • 1099-07-16 Crusaders herd Jews of Jerusalem into a synagogue & set it afire
  • 1130-02-14 Jewish Cardinal Pietro Pierleone elected as anti-pope Anacletus II
  • 1147-03-26 Jewish community in Cologne fasts to commemorate anti-Jewish violence
  • 1165-10-12 Jewish rabbi and philosopher Moses ben Maimon (aka Maimonides or the Rambam) reaches Jerusalem

CrownRoyal Coronation

1189-09-03 Richard the Lionheart is crowned in Westminster. 30 Jews are massacred after the coronation - Richard ordered the perpetrators be executed

  • 1190-03-16 York Progrom: Jews living in York, England, besieged in Clifford's Tower and massacred or commit sucide rather than submit to baptism
  • 1190-03-17 Crusades complete massacre of Jews of York England
  • 1190-03-18 Crusaders kill 57 Jews in Bury St Edmunds, England
  • 1205-07-15 Pope Innocent III states Jews are doomed to perpetual servitudea and subjugation due to crucifixion of Jesus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1210-11-01 King John of England begins imprisoning Jews

King of England King John
King of England
King John
  • 1235-01-02 Emperor Joseph II orders Jews of Galicia Austria to adopt family names
  • 1241-05-25 1st attack on Jewish community of Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  • 1244-07-11 Khwarezmian Tatars sack Jerusalem, decimating the city's Christian population and driving out Jews
  • 1250-04-15 Pope Innoncent III refuses Jews of Cordova, Spain, request to build a synagogue
  • 1253-07-23 Jews are expelled from Vienne France by order of Pope Innocent IV
  • 1264-08-05 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Arnstadt Germany
  • 1264-09-08 The Statute of Kalisz, guaranteeing Jews safety and personal liberties and giving battei din jurisdiction over Jewish matters, is promulgated by Boleslaus the Pious, Duke of Greater Poland.
  • 1267-02-09 Synod of Breslau orders Jews of Silesia to wear special caps
  • 1267-05-10 Vienna's church orders all Jews to wear a distinctive garb
  • 1267-09-01 Rabbi Moses Ben Nachman establishes a Jewish community in Jerusalem
  • 1269-06-19 King Louis IX of France decrees all Jews must wear a yellow badge in public or be fined 10 livres of silver

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1275-05-23 King Edward I of England orders cessation of persecution of French Jews

King of England Edward I
King of England
Edward I
  • 1278-05-10 Jews of England imprisoned on charges of coining
  • 1278-11-17 680 Jews arrested (293 hanged) in England for counterfeiting coins

  • 1285-10-12 180 Jews refuse baptism in Munich Germany and are set on fire
  • 1288-04-24 Jews of Troyes France are accused of ritual murder
  • 1290-07-18 King Edward I orders expulsion of Jews from England, this edict will remain in place for 350 years
  • 1290-10-09 Last of 16,000 Jews expelled by King Edward I leave England
  • 1294-06-30 Jews are expelled from Berne, Switzerland
  • 1298-06-24 Rindfleisch Persecutions - Jews of Ifhauben, Austria massacred
  • 1298-06-25 Rindfleisch Persecutions, 250 Jews killed in Rothenburg, Germany
  • 1298-07-23 Rindfleisch ("Beef") Persecutions - Jewish community in Wurzburg Germany massacred
  • 1298-10-19 Rindfleisch-140 Jews of Heilbron Germany are murdered
  • 1306-07-22 King Phillip the Fair, orders expulsion of Jews out of France
  • 1321-08-21 160 Jews of Chincon France, burned at stake
  • 1322-06-24 Jews are expelled from France for 3rd time

Historic DiscoveryBlack Death

1348-07-06 Papal bull of Pope Clement VI issued during the Black Death stating Jews not to blame and urging their protection
Learn More >>

Medieval painting from 1353 showing the citizens of Tournai (today in Belgium) burying victims of the Black Death
Medieval painting from 1353 showing the citizens of Tournai (today in Belgium) burying victims of the Black Death
  • 1348-09-21 Jews in Zurich, Switzerland, are accused of poisoning wells
  • 1348-11-15 Rudolph of Oron claims Jews have confessed to poisoning wells
  • 1349-01-09 700 Jews of Basel Switzerland, burned alive in their houses
  • 1349-01-30 Jews of Freilsburg Germany are massacred
  • 1349-02-13 Jews are expelled from Burgdorf, Switzerland
  • 1349-02-22 Jews are expelled from Zurich, Switzerland
  • 1349-03-21 Between 100 and 3,000 Jews are killed in Black Death riots in Erfurt, Germany
  • 1349-03-22 Townspeople of Fulda, Germany massacre Jews, blaming them for the Black Death
  • 1349-04-30 Jewish community of Radolfzell, Germany, exterminated
  • 1349-05-28 60 Jews murdered in Breslau, Silesia
  • 1349-08-24 6,000 Jews, blamed for the Plague, are killed in Mainz
  • 1349-08-24 Jews of Cologne Germany set themselves on fire to avoid baptism
  • 1349-09-10 Jews who survived a massacre in Constance Germany are burned to death
  • 1349-09-29 People of Krems Austria accuse Jews of poisoning wells
  • 1349-11-01 Duke of Brabant orders execution of all Jews in Brussels, accusing them of poisoning the wells
  • 1349-11-29 Jews of Augsburg Germany massacred
  • 1349-12-05 500 Jews of Nuremberg massacred during Black Death riots
  • 1350-03-12 Orvieto city says it will behead & burn Jewish-Christian couples
  • 1355-05-07 1,200 Jews of Toledo, Spain killed by Count Henry of Trastamara
  • 1357-11-25 Charles IV issues letter of protection of Jews of Strasbourg Alsace
  • 1360-07-25 Jews are expelled from Breslau, Silesia
  • 1370-05-22 Jews are expelled and massacred in Brussels, Belgium
  • 1391-03-15 Anti-Semite monk in Seville, Spain stirs up people to attack Jews
  • 1391-06-04 Mob led by Ferrand Martinez surounds and sets fire to Jewish quarter of Seville Spain, surviving Jews sold into slavery
  • 1391-06-06 Inhabitants of Seville, Spain, massacre 5,000 Jews
  • 1391-08-05 Castilian sailors fire attack Jewish ghetto of Barcelona, 100's killed
  • 1391-08-24 Jews of Palma, Mallorca, massacred
  • 1394-09-17 Jews are expelled from France by order of King Charles VI
  • 1394-11-03 Jews are expelled from France by Charles VI
  • 1407-10-26 Mobs attack Jewish community of Kraków
  • 1420-05-23 Jews of Syria and Austria expelled
  • 1421-05-11 Jews are expelled from Styria Austria
  • 1421-05-23 Jews of Austria imprisoned & expelled

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1424-12-06 Don Alfonso V of Aragon grants Barcelona the right to exclude Jews

  • 1427-05-10 Jews are expelled from Bern, Switzerland
  • 1428-02-05 King Alfonso V, orders Sicily's Jews to attend conversion sermons
  • 1430-01-01 Jews of Sicily are no longer required to attend conversionist services
  • 1430-05-05 Jews are expelled from Speyer, Germany
  • 1430-10-03 Jews are expelled from Eger Bohemia
  • 1450-10-05 Jews are expelled from Lower Bavaria by order of Ludwig IX
  • 1451-09-21 Cardinal Nicholas of Cusa orders Jews of Holland to wear a badge
  • 1453-07-04 41 Jewish martyrs burned at stake at Breslau
  • 1454-08-22 Jews are expelled from Brunn Moravia by order of King Ladislaus
  • 1479-12-12 Jews are expelled from Schlettstadt Alsace by Emperor Frederick III
  • 1482-01-26 "Pentateuch" the Jewish Bible is 1st printed as a book in Bologna, Italy
  • 1490-03-23 1st dated edition of Maimonides "Mishneh Torah", a code of Jewish religious law is published
  • 1491-11-16 An auto de fe, held in the Brasero de la Dehesa outside of Ávila, concludes the case of the Holy Child of La Guardia with the public execution of several Jewish and converso suspects.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1492-03-31 Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon issue the Alhambra Decree which expels Jews from their kingdoms

Queen of Castile Isabella I of Castile
Queen of Castile
Isabella I of Castile
King of Aragon Ferdinand II of Aragon
King of Aragon
Ferdinand II of Aragon
  • 1492-04-30 Spain announces it will expel all Jews
  • 1492-10-24 24 Jews are burned at the stake in Mecklenburg, Germany
  • 1492-11-15 In La Guardia, Spain, 6 Jews & 5 Conversos are accused of ritual murder

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestEdward I

1239-06-17 Edward I, King of England (1272-1307) who subdued Wales, warred against Scotland and expelled Jews from England, born in London [or 18 June]

King of England Edward I
King of England
Edward I

Person of interestFerdinand II of Aragon

1452-03-10 ferdinand ii, king of Aragon (1479-1516), King of Naples (1504-16), born in Sada Palace, Sos, Aragon (d. 1516)

King of Aragon Ferdinand II of Aragon
King of Aragon
Ferdinand II of Aragon
  • 1626-08-01 Sabbatai Zevi, Montenegrin rabbi, kabbalist, and founder of the Jewish Sabbatean movement, born in Ottoman Empire (d. 1676)
  • 1698-08-27 Baal Shem Tov, Jewish mystical rabbi (founder of the Hasidic Judaism), born in Okopy Świętej Trójcy, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1760)
  • 1729-09-06 Moses Mendelssohn, German Jewish enlightenment philosopher (Haksalah), born in Dessau, Principality of Anhalt (d. 1786)
  • 1744-02-23 Mayer Amschel Rothschild, German Jewish banker and founder of the Rothschild banking dynasty, born in Frankfurt (d. 1812)
  • 1786-05-06 Ludwig Borne [Loeb Baruch], German-Jewish writer, born in Frankfurt (d. 1837)
  • 1794-08-10 Leopold Zunz, German Jewish scholar (Science of Judaism), born in Detmold (d. 1886)
  • 1800-08-22 Samuel David Luzzatto, Italian-Jewish scholar, born in Trieste, Italy (d. 1865)
  • 1808-06-20 Samson Raphael Hirsch, German Orthodox rabbi and intellectual founder of the Torah im Derech Eretz school of contemporary Orthodox Judaism, born in Hamburg, French Empire (d. 1888)
  • 1810-05-24 Abraham Geiger, German theologian and leader of Reform Judaism, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1874)
  • 1812-01-21 Moses Hess, Jewish socialist and nationalist, born in Bonn, Germany (d. 1875)
  • 1813-07-26 Isaac Baumann, Jewish pioneer and trader in Bloemfontein, South Africa, born in Kassel Hesse, Germany (d. 1881)
  • 1823-06-26 Frederick Bowen Jewson, Scottish composer, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1891)
  • 1836-01-02 Mendele Moykher Sforim, Jewish writer (d. 1917)
  • 1840-07-12 Abraham Goldfaden, Russian-born Jewish poet and playwright (Shulamis), born in Starokostiantyniv, Russian Empire (d. 1908)
  • 1847-12-07 Solomon Schechter, Moldavian-American Talmudic scholar and rabbi, born in Focşani, Moldavia (d. 1915)
  • 1849-09-03 Sarah Orne Jewett, American author (Country of the Pointed Firs), born in South Berwick, Maine (d. 1909)
  • 1859-10-09 Alfred Dreyfus, French Jewish artillery officer (Dreyfus Affair), born in Mulhouse, France (d. 1935)
  • 1860-12-21 Henrietta Szold, U.S. Jewish Zionist leader & founder of Hadassah, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1945)
  • 1864-02-14 Israel Zangwill, Jewish author (Children of The Ghetto) and Zionist leader, born in London (d. 1926)
  • 1864-04-21 Max Weber, German sociologist, economist and historian (Ancient Judaism), born in Erfurt, Province of Saxony, Prussia (d. 1920)
  • 1865-08-07 Micha Josef Berdyczewski, Jewish writer, born in Medzhybizh, Russian Empire (d. 1921)
  • 1873-01-09 Hayyim Nahman Bialik, Jewish poet, born in Radi, Volhynia, (d. 1934)
  • 1873-03-10 Jakob Wassermann, German novelist (My Life as German & Jew)
  • 1873-05-23 Leo Baeck, rabbi/president (World Union for Progressive Judaism)
  • 1874-10-14 Margarete Susman, German-Jewish writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1966)
  • 1874-12-27 Max Ettinger, Jewish-German composer (Jiddische Requiem), born in Lwow, Poland (d. 1951)
  • 1878-07-22 Janusz Korczak [Henryk Goldszmit], Polish-Jewish educator and pedagogue (ran an orphanage in the Warsaw Ghetto), born in Warsaw, Congress Poland (or in 1879, d. 1942)
  • 1879-07-07 Jacob Weinberg, Rusian-born Jewish composer, born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1956)
  • 1880-11-01 Sholem Asch, Polish-Jewish novelist and playwright (East River, Three Cities), born in Kutno, Poland (d. 1957)
  • 1881-12-31 Jacob Israël de Haan, Dutch poet/writer (Pipelines, Jewish Song), born in Holland, Netherlands (d. 1924)

Person of interestSamuel Goldwyn

1882-08-17 Samuel Goldwyn [Shmuel Gelbfisz], Jewish Polish American movie producer (MGM), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1974)

Hollywood Mogul Samuel Goldwyn
Hollywood Mogul
Samuel Goldwyn
  • 1882-12-31 David Cohen, Dutch historian and chairman of the Jewish Council, born in Deventer, Holland (d. 1967)
  • 1885-03-22 Aryeh Levin [Reb Aryeh], Orthodox Jewish rabbi (d. 1969)
  • 1887-04-05 Hedwig Kohn, Jewish physics pioneer, born in Breslau, Province of Silesia (Poland) (d. 1964)
  • 1887-05-16 Jakob van Hoddis [Hans Davidsohn], German Jewish poet (d. 1942?)
  • 1890-03-16 Solomon Mikhoels, Soviet actor and chairman of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee (d. 1948)
  • 1890-09-16 Ernst Deutsch [Dorian], Jewish-Austrian actor (Moon is Down, 3rd Man), born in Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1969)
  • 1892-09-24 Sam de Vries, Flemish actor (Wandering Jew), born in Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands (d. 1943)
  • 1893-09-17 Abel Herzberg, Russian-Dutch Jewish lawyer and writer (Persecution of Jews), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1989)
  • 1894-11-20 Carl Mayer, Austrian-Jewish actor (Dreaming Lips, Ariane, Sunrise), born in Graz, Austria (d. 1944)
  • 1895-12-27 Sig Arno [Siegfried Aron], German-Jewish actor (Holiday in Havana, My Friend Irma), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1975)

Person of interestLouis Buchalter

1897-02-06 Louis Buchalter, Jewish-American mobster (Murder, Inc.), born in NYC, New York (d. 1944)

  • 1897-07-10 Karl Plagge, German officer and Nazi Party member who during World War II used his position as a staff officer in the German Army to employ and protect some 1,240 Jews, born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1957)
  • 1899-01-22 Guido Kisch, Czech/German/American historian (Jews in medieval Germany)
  • 1899-03-23 Dora Gerson, German-Jewish actress, cabaret singer, and Holocaust victim (Caravan of Death), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1943)
  • 1899-06-21 Pavel Haas, Czech Jewish composer killed during the Holocaust, born in Brno, Czech Republic (d. 1944)
  • 1900-05-05 Charles Jewtraw, American 500m speed skater (Olympic gold 1924), born in Clinton County, New York (d. 1996)
  • 1901-12-01 Ilona Feher, Hungarian-Jewish violinist (d. 1988)
  • 1902-02-06 Louis Nizer, Jewish-American lawyer (defended blacklisted stars in '50s, Catspaw), born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1994)
  • 1902-04-14 Menachem Mendel Schneerson, Russian-American rabbi (head of Lubavitcher Jews), born in Nikolaev, Kherson Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1994)
  • 1902-05-06 Harry Golden, Jewish-American journalist and writer (Only in America), born in Mikulintsy, Ukraine (d. 1981)
  • 1902-05-20 Hans Sahl, German American anti-Nazi Jewish writer, born in Dresden (d. 1993)
  • 1902-07-12 Günther Anders, German Jewish philosopher, born in Breslau, German Empire (d. 1992)
  • 1902-12-17 Albert Drach, Austrian-Jewish writer, born in Vienna (d. 1995)
  • 1903-03-25 Nahum Norbert Glatzer, Jewish-American scholar (d. 1990)
  • 1903-12-13 Yevgeny Petrov [Yevgeny Petrovich Kataev], Soviet writer, born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1942)
  • 1905-07-23 Erich Itor Kahn, German composer of Jewish descent, born in Rimbach, Odenwald (d. 1956)
  • 1905-12-24 Anna "Ans" van Dike ("the Young"), Jewish nazi collaborator, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1948)
  • 1906-03-20 Abraham Beame, (Mayor-D-NYC), NYC's 1st Jewish mayor
  • 1907-01-11 Abraham Joshua Heschel, Jewish American rabbi and theologian (d. 1972), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1907-08-15 Paul Vincze, Jewish-Hungarian designer of coins and medal, born in Galgagyörk, Hungary (d. 1994)
  • 1907-08-29 Joseph Wechsberg, Jewish-Czech writer (Looking For a Bluebird), born in Ostrava, Moravia, Czechoslovakia (d. 1983)
  • 1908-06-12 Max Tailleur, Dutch adjudant to Prince Bernhard and Jewish humorist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1990)
  • 1908-07-14 Chaim Raphael, English Jewish scholar and novelist, born in Middlesbrough (d. 1994)
  • 1908-12-31 Simon Wiesenthal, Jewish-Austrian holocaust survivor & Nazi hunter (Wiesenthal Center), born in Buchach, Ukraine (d. 2005)
  • 1909-02-14 A. Moses Klein, Canadian poet (Hath Not a Jew...), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1909-05-11 René Bousquet, French Vichy-police chief (deported Jews), born in Montauban, Tarn-et-Garonne (d. 1993)
  • 1910-03-27 Rudi Ball, German-Jewish ice hockey star (Olympic bronze 1932), born in Berlin (d. 1975)
  • 1911-05-15 Leo Fuchs, Polish-born Jewish American actor (The Six Million Dollar Man, Avalon), born in Lemberg, Galicia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1994)
  • 1912-08-04 Raoul Wallenberg, Swedish diplomat in WW II (saved 10,000s of Jews), born in Lidingö Municipality, Sweden (d. 1947)
  • 1912-11-28 Heinz Galinski, President (Central council for Jews in Germany), born in Marienburg, West Prussia, Germany (d. 1992)
  • 1913-09-21 Ulrich Ernst Simon, German-Jewish Anglican theologian, born in Berlin (d. 1997)
  • 1915-08-03 Sal Santen, Dutch writer (You Are Jewish People), born in Amsterdam (d. 1998)
  • 1915-12-13 Yitzhak Zuckerman [Itzhak Zuckerman], Vilnius, Lithuania, Jewish resistance hero in World War II and one of the few survivors of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
  • 1917-04-16 Charlotte Salomon, German-Jewish artist, born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1917-05-01 Ahron Soloveichik, Orthodox Jewish rabbi, born in Khislavichi, Russia (d. 2001)

Person of interestMordecai Anielewicz

1919-05-08 Mordecai Anielewicz, Jewish commander of Warsaw ghetto uprising, born in Wyszków, Second Polish Republic (d. 1943)

Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Mordecai Anielewicz
Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
Mordecai Anielewicz
  • 1919-11-25 Chaim Pearl, Jewish rabbi and scholar, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1995)
  • 1920-03-05 José Aboulker, Jewish Communist
  • 1921-06-09 Arthur Hertzberg, American Jewish scholar (d. 2006)
  • 1922-05-15 Selma Engel [Saartje Wijnberg], Dutch born Jew, the first to tell of Nazi Sobibor extermination camp, born in Groningen, the Netherlands (d. 2018)
  • 1924-07-16 Bess Myerson, 1st Jewish Miss America (1945), born in The Bronx, New York (d. 2014)
  • 1924-09-11 Rudolf Vrba, Slovak-Jewish biochemist and Holocaust survivor, born in Topoľčany, Czechoslovakia (d. 2006)
  • 1926-06-08 Anatol Vieru, Romanian-Jewish composer, born in Iasi, Romania (d. 1998)
  • 1928-01-09 Judith Krantz, Jewish-American novelist (Scruples, Princess Daisy, Dazzle), born in NYC, New York
  • 1931-05-16 Hana Brady, Jewish Czech Holocaust victim (Hanna's Suitcase), born in Prague (d. 1944)
  • 1932-06-04 Maurice Shadbolt, New Zealand writer (Season of the Jew), born in Auckland, New Zealand (d. 2004)
  • 1932-08-01 Meir Kahane, American founder of the Jewish Defense League, born Brooklyn, New York (d. 1990)
  • 1933-05-24 Aharon Lichtenstein, Orthodox Jewish rabbi, born in Paris (d. 2015)
  • 1933-09-28 Madeleine M Kunin, Switzerland (Gov-D-Vt), 1st Jewish gov of Vermont
  • 1934-08-16 Ed van Thijn, (Jewish) Dutch foreign min/mayor (Amsterdam, 1983-94)
  • 1936-01-11 Eve Hesse, German born Jewish-American sculptor. , born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1940-09-28 George Greenstein, author (Secret of a Jewish Baker)
  • 1940-11-06 Ruth Messinger, Manhattan Borough President and President of the American Jewish World Service, born in NYC, New York
  • 1944-11-01 Richard "Kinky" Friedman, American country rocker (Ride 'em Jewboy), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1946-07-27 Toktar Ongarbajewitch Aubakirov, Kazakhstan, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-13)
  • 1948-11-10 Mário Viegas, Portuguese actor (The Jew, Divine Comedy, Funeral of Patrao), born in Santarém, Portugal (d. 1996)
  • 1951-04-16 Mordechai Ben David, American Jewish singer, born in Brooklyn, New York

Famous Weddings

  • 1860-11-11 1st Jewish wedding in Buenos Aires Argentina

LoveWedding of Interest

1936-02-02 Physicist Emilio G. Segrè (31) weds jewish woman Elfriede Spiro at the Great Synagogue of Rome in Italy

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Emilio G. Segrè
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Emilio G. Segrè

LoveWedding of Interest

1938-06-25 Economist Milton Friedman (25) weds Rose Friedman at the Jewish Seminary in New York City

Economist Milton Friedman
Economist
Milton Friedman
  • 1977-12-21 American Jewish playwright and screenwriter "Glengarry Glen Ross" David Mamet marries 1st wife actress Lindsay Crouse
  • 1991-09-22 American Jewish playwright and screenwriter David Mamet marries 2nd wife, English actress Rebecca Pidgeon
  • 2000-06-28 Business magnate Ron Perelman (69) weds actress Ellen Barkin (46) in a traditional Jewish ceremony at an upper East Side synagogue
  • 2003-06-28 Colombian American actor John Leguizamo (42) weds estate planner Justine Maurer (35) on a Catholic-Jewish ceremony in New York
  • 2012-04-08 American actress and television host Ricki Lake (42) weds jewerly designer Christian Evans in a secret ceremony at Southern California

Famous Deaths

  • 1105-07-13 Rashi, [Rabbi Shlomo Yitzaki], Jewish intellectual, dies
  • 1138-01-25 Anacletus II, [Pietro Pierleone], Jewish anti-pope (1130-38), dies
  • 1189-09-03 Jacob of Orleans, Rabbi, killed in anti Jewish riot in London England
  • 1204-12-13 Maimonides, Jewish philosopher/talmudic scholar, dies in Cairo at 69
  • 1291-03-05 Sa'ad al'Da'ulah, Jewish grand vizier of Persia, assassinated
  • 1553-09-04 Cornelia da Nomatalcino, monk converted to Judaism, burned at stake
  • 1572-07-25 Isaac Luria, Jewish mystic (considered the founder of Kabbalah), dies at around 38 years of age
  • 1583-02-09 Jeseph Sanalbo, Jewish convert in Rome, burned at stake
  • 1596-12-08 Luis de Carabajal, 1st Jewish author in America, executed in Mexico
  • 1609-08-22 Maharal of Prague, Jewish mystic and philosopher (b. 1525)
  • 1619-08-15 Miriam Bella, head of Jewish community of Kraków, dies
  • 1632-12-20 Nicolas Antoine, French cath pastor who converted to Judaism, executed
  • 1675-08-16 Bogdan Chmilnicki, cosack leader/murderer of 300,000 Jews, dies
  • 1676-09-17 Sabbatai Zevi, Montenegrin rabbi, kabbalist, and founder of the Jewish Sabbatean movement, dies at 49
  • 1738-07-15 Alexander Voznitsyn, Rus Naval officer converted to Judaism, executed
  • 1738-07-15 Baruch Leibov, converted Russian Naval officer to Judaism, executed
  • 1776-07-01 Francis Salvador, 1st Jew to die in American Revolutionary War
  • 1786-01-04 Mozes Mendelssohn, German Jewish enlightenment philosopher (Haksalah), dies at 56
  • 1812-09-19 Mayer Amschel Rothschild, German Jewish banker and founder of the Rothschild banking dynasty, dies at 68
  • 1837-02-12 Ludwig Borne [Loeb Baruch], German-Jewish writer, dies at 50
  • 1865-09-30 Samuel David Luzzatto, Italian-Jewish scholar, dies at 65
  • 1874-10-23 Abraham Geiger, German theologian and leader of Reform Judaism, dies at 64
  • 1881-07-19 Isaac Baumann, Jewish pioneer and trader in Bloemfontein, South Africa, dies at 67
  • 1886-03-18 Leopold Zunz, German Jewish scholar (Science of Judaism), dies at 91
  • 1886-10-10 David L Yule, 1st Jewish US senator, dies
  • 1888-12-31 Samson Raphael Hirsch, German Orthodox rabbi and intellectual founder of the Torah im Derech Eretz school of contemporary Orthodox Judaism, dies at 80
  • 1891-05-26 Frederick Bowen Jewson, Scottish composer, dies at 67
  • 1908-01-09 Abraham Goldfaden, Russian-born Jewish poet and playwright (Shulamis), dies at 67
  • 1909-06-24 Sarah Orne Jewett, American author (Country of the Pointed Firs), dies at 59
  • 1915-08-15 Albert Siegfried Bettelheim, Jew convicted of murder, lynched
  • 1920-06-14 Max Weber, German sociologist, economist and historian (Ancient Judaism), dies at 56
  • 1934-07-04 Hayyim Nahman Bialik, Jewish poet, dies at 61
  • 1935-07-12 Alfred Dreyfus, French Jewish artillery officer (Dreyfus Affair), dies at 75
  • 1939-02-16 Jura Soyfer, Austrian political journalist and cabaret writer, dies at Buchenwald concentration camp at 26
  • 1940-12-05 Mordechai Frizis, Jewish Greek military officer (b. 1893)
  • 1941-08-31 Marian Zwetajewa, writer, dies
  • 1942-04-30 Jakob van Hoddis [[Hans Davidsohn]], German Jewish poet, transported to German concentration camp at 54 (actual date of death unknown)
  • 1942-08-07 Janusz Korczak [Henryk Goldszmit], Polish-Jewish educator and pedagogue (ran an orphanage in the Warsaw Ghetto), is gassed at Treblinka extermination camp along with the residents of his orphanage at 64
  • 1943-02-14 Dora Gerson, German-Jewish actress, cabaret singer, and Holocaust victim (Caravan of Death), dies in Auschwitz concentration camp at 43

Person of interestMordecai Anielewicz

1943-05-08 Mordecai Anielewicz, Jewish commander of the Warsaw ghetto uprising, suspected to have committed suicide at 24 rather than surrender to Nazi troops that had surrounded his command bunker

Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Mordecai Anielewicz
Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
Mordecai Anielewicz
  • 1943-05-11 Szmul Zygielbojm, Jewish-Polish socialist politician (Bund) and activist, commits suicide to protest Allied indifference to the Holocaust during WWII at 48
  • 1943-06-01 Wilfrid B. Israel, Jewish activist
  • 1943-08-01 Ismar Elbogen, German/US learned/rabbi (Jewish Lexicon), dies at 68
  • 1943-10-10 Charlotte Salomon, German-Jewish artist gassed at Auschwitz aged 26
  • 1944-07-01 Carl Mayer, Austrian-Jewish actor (Dreaming Lips, Ariane, Sunrise), dies of cancer at 49
  • 1944-09-02 Bella Rosenfeld, Jewish Belarrusian writer, subject of Marc Chagall's paintings and his 1st wife, dies at 48
  • 1944-10-17 Pavel Haas, Czech Jewish composer, murdered at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp at 45 (b. 1899)
  • 1944-10-23 Hana Brady, Jewish Czech Holocaust victim (Hanna's Suitcase), dies at 13
  • 1944-11-06 Hannah Senesh, Jewish poetess, executed by Nazis in Budapest

Person of interestAnne Frank

1945-03-12 Anne Frank, Dutch Diarist and Jewish victim of the Nazi Holocaust (Diary of Anne Frank), dies of typhus in the Belsen concentration camp at 15

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • 1945-05-05 Peter Van Pels, Jewish Refugee (b. 1926)
  • 1947-02-05 Ganzefles, Dutch nazi spy/Jews hunter, executed
  • 1947-07-17 Raoul Wallenberg, Swedish diplomat in WW II (saved thousands of Jews), dies at 34
  • 1948-01-14 Anna "Ans" van Dike, Dutch Jewish Nazi-collaborator, executed at 42
  • 1950-01-08 Joseph Issac Shneerson, Jewish Lubavitch Chabal leader, dies
  • 1951-07-19 Max Ettinger, Jewish-German composer (Jiddische Requiem), dies at 77
  • 1952-08-21 Isaac Sadeh, leader of Jewish commando forces, dies
  • 1956-03-05 Erich Itor Kahn, German composer of Jewish descent, dies at 50
  • 1956-11-02 Jacob Weinberg, Russian-born Jewish composer, dies at 77
  • 1956-11-02 Leo Baeck, President of World Union for Progressive Judaism, dies at 83
  • 1957-06-19 Karl Plagge, German officer and Nazi Party member who during World War II used his position as a staff officer in the German Army to employ and protect some 1,240 Jews, dies at 59
  • 1957-07-10 Sholem Asch, Polish-Jewish novelist and playwright (East River, Three Cities), dies at 77
  • 1964-03-26 Hedwig Kohn, Prussian-born Jewish physics pioneer, dies at 77
  • 1966-01-16 Margarete Susman, German-Jewish writer, dies at 91
  • 1967-09-03 David Cohen, historian and chairman of the Jewish Council, dies at 84
  • 1968-12-01 Dario Moreno, Turkish-Jewish singer (b. 1921)
  • 1969-03-22 Ernst Deutsch [Dorian], Jewish-Austrian actor (3rd Man, Golem), dies at 78
  • 1969-03-28 Aryeh Levin [Reb Aryeh], Orthodox Jewish rabbi, dies at 84
  • 1970-02-17 Shmuel Yosef Agnon, Jewish writer (Nobel Prize for Literature 1966), dies at 81
  • 1970-05-29 Eve Hesse, German born Jewish American sculptor dies of a brain tumour aged 34
  • 1971-06-30 Herbert Biberman, Jewish American screenwriter and film director (b. 1900)
  • 1972-12-23 Abraham Joshua Heschel, Polish-born Jewish American rabbi and theologian dies in New York aged 65
  • 1975-08-17 Sig Arno [Siegfried Aron], German-Jewish actor (Holiday in Havana, My Friend Irma), dies at 80
  • 1981-01-01 Hephzibah Menuhin, American-Australian concert pianist, dies at 60
  • 1981-06-17 Yitzhak Zuckerman [Itzhak Zuckerman], Jewish resistance hero in World War II and one of the few survivors of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, dies at 65
  • 1981-10-02 Harry Golden, Jewish-American journalist and writer (Only in America), dies at 79
  • 1983-11-08 Mordecai Kaplan, Rabbi, founded Reconstructionist Judaism (b. 1881)
  • 1984-07-17 J Delos Jewkes, singer/actor (Stars & Stripes Forever), dies at 89
  • 1989-05-19 Abel Herzberg, Russian-Dutch Jewish lawyer (Eichmann in Jerusalem), dies at 95
  • 1989-10-03 Joseph Wybran, Belgian physician/Jews foreman, murdered
  • 1990-02-27 Nahum Norbert Glatzer, Jewish-American scholar (b. 1903)
  • 1990-10-05 Meir Kahane, American founder of the Jewish Defense League, assassinated at 58
  • 1990-10-12 Max Tailleur, Dutch adjudant to Prince Bernhard and Jewish humorist, dies at 81
  • 1992-06-30 Nico Booken, director (Jewish Labor Social), dies
  • 1992-07-03 Marc Tannenbaum, rabbi (only Jew to attend Vatican II), dies at 66
  • 1992-07-19 Heinz Galinski, President (Central council for Jews in Germany), dies at 79
  • 1992-08-15 Giorgio Perlasca, Italian anti-fascist (saved 5,200 Jews), dies
  • 1992-12-17 Günther Anders, German Jewish philosopher, dies at 90
  • 1993-04-27 Hans Sahl, German-American anti-Nazi Jewish writer (Tie Exil im Exil), dies at 90
  • 1993-06-08 René Bousquet, French Vichy-police chief (deported Jews), dies at 84
  • 1994-03-05 Paul Vincze, Jewish-Hungarian designer of coins and medal, dies at 86
  • 1994-06-12 Menachem Mendel Schneerson, Russian-American rabbi (head of Lubavitcher Jews), dies at 92
  • 1994-10-10 Chaim Raphael, English Jewish scholar and writer, dies at 86
  • 1994-12-31 Leo Fuchs, Polish-born Jewish American actor (The Six Million Dollar Man, Avalon), dies at 83
  • 1995-03-08 Ota Adler, Czech-British fur trader and founder (Jewish Aid Trust), dies at 83
  • 1995-03-27 Albert Drach, Austrian-Jewish writer, dies at 92

MurderYitzhak Rabin

1995-11-04 Yitzhak Rabin, Prime Minister of Israel (1974-77 and 1992-95) and 1994 Nobel Peace Prize winner, assassinated by Jewish extremist Yigal Amir at 73

5th Prime Minister of Israel Yitzhak Rabin
5th Prime Minister of Israel
Yitzhak Rabin
  • 1996-01-26 Charles Jewtraw, American 500m speed skater (Olympic gold 1924), dies at 95
  • 1996-04-01 Mário Viegas, Portuguese actor (The Jew, Divine Comedy, Funeral of Patrao), dies at 47
  • 1997-07-31 Ulrich Ernst Simon, German-Jewish Anglican theologian, dies at 63