Astronomers in History

Historical Events

  • 1374-05-03 BC Solar eclipse (2m 07s) seen at Ugarit by Mesopotamian astronomers "On the day of the new moon, in the month of Hiyar, the Sun was put to shame, and went down in the daytime, with Mars in attendance."
  • 1054-07-04 Brightest known supernova SN 1054 (creates the Crab Nebula) 1st reported by Chinese astronomers
  • 1181-08-04 Supernova SN 1181 in the constellation Cassiopeia observed by Chinese and Japanese astronomers, lasting until August 6

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1500-11-05 -6th Nov astronomer Copernicus observes a lunar eclipse in Rome

Astronomer and Mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus
Astronomer and Mathematician
Nicolaus Copernicus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1571-05-16 German astronomer Johannes Kepler, by his own calculations, is conceived at 4:37 AM

Astronomer Johannes Kepler
Astronomer
Johannes Kepler
  • 1595-07-19 Astronomer Johannes Kepler has an epiphany and develops his theory of the geometrical basis of the universe while teaching in Graz

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1600-02-04 Astronomers Tycho Brahe and Johannes Kepler meet for the first time near Prague

Astronomer Tycho Brahe
Astronomer
Tycho Brahe
Astronomer Johannes Kepler
Astronomer
Johannes Kepler

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1610-01-08 Simon Marius. a German astronomer, independently discovers the first three moons of Jupiter one day after Galileo

Astronomer and Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer and Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • 1612-12-15 German Astronomer Simon Marius is 1st to observe Andromeda galaxy through a telescope
  • 1618-05-15 German astronomer Johannes Kepler discovers the third of his three planetary laws his "harmonics law"
  • 1620-08-07 Astronomer Johannes Kepler's mother arrested for witchcraft
  • 1633-02-13 Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for trial before Inquisition for professing belief that earth revolves around the Sun
  • 1642-08-13 Dutch astronomer Christiaan Huygens discovers Martian south polar cap
  • 1675-03-04 John Flamsteed appointed 1st Astronomer Royal of England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1682-09-04 English astronomer Edmond Halley observes the comet named after him

Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist Edmond Halley
Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist
Edmond Halley
  • 1690-12-23 English astronomer John Flamsteed observes Uranus without realizing it's undiscovered

  • 1720-02-10 Edmond Halley appointed as the second Astronomer Royal at the Greenwich Observatory

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1736-12-03 Astronomer Anders Celsius takes measurements that confirm Newton's theory that the earth was an ellipsoid rather than the previously accepted sphere

Astronomer Anders Celsius
Astronomer
Anders Celsius

InventionScientific Discovery

1744-12-31 English astronomer James Bradley announces discovery of Earth's nutation motion (wobble)

Astronomer James Bradley
Astronomer
James Bradley
  • 1747-02-14 Astronomer James Bradley presents his discovery of the wobbling motion of the Earth on its axis to the Royal Society, London
  • 1758-09-12 French astronomer Charles Messier mistakenly identifies the Crab Nebula so begins his Messier Catalogue
  • 1801-07-11 French astronomer Jean-Louis Pons discovers his 1st comet
  • 1804-09-01 Juno, one of the largest main belt asteroids discovered by German astronomer Karl Ludwig Harding.
  • 1827-04-23 Irish mathematician and astronomer William Rowan Hamilton presents his Theory of Systems of Rays
  • 1835-08-11 George B Airy begins 46-year reign as England's Astronomer Royal
  • 1839-09-09 English scientist and astronomer John Herschel takes 1st glass plate photograph
  • 1847-07-20 German astronomer Theodor discovers Comet Brorsen-Metcalf
  • 1862-01-31 Astronomer Alvan Graham Clark makes first observation of Sirius B (first known white dwarf star) in Cambridgeport, Massachusetts while testing his new telescope
  • 1868-08-18 French Astronomer Pierre Janssen discovers helium in solar spectrum during eclipse
  • 1880-09-30 American amateur astronomer Henry Draper takes the 1st ever photograph of the Orion Nebula

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924-12-30 Astronomer Edwin Hubble formally announces existence of other galactic systems at meeting of the American Astronomical Society

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Astronomer
Edwin Hubble
  • 1930-02-18 US astronomer Clyde Tombaugh discovers Pluto
  • 1937-03-19 Astronomer Fritz Zwicky publishes his research on stellar explosion in which he coins the term "supernova" and hypothesizes that they were the origin of cosmic rays
  • 1951-07-02 Leidse astronomers discover radio signal out of Milky Way system
  • 1976-04-01 Jovian-Plutonian gravitational effect is first reported by the astronomer Patrick Moore.
  • 1987-01-06 Astronomers at University of California see 1st sight of birth of a galaxy
  • 1989-01-18 Astronomers discover pulsar in remnants of Supernova 1987A (LMC)
  • 1994-04-21 The first discoveries of extrasolar planets are announced by astronomer Alexander Wolszczan
  • 1994-11-03 Dutch & British astronomers find spiral nebula Dwingeloo 1
  • 2005-07-29 Astronomers announce their discovery of dwarf planet Eris
  • 2010-05-22 Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus' remains are reburied in Frombork Cathedral, Poland after a 200 year search for his tomb
  • 2016-08-24 Astronomers announce discovery of earth-like planet named Proxima b orbiting star Proxima Centauri
  • 2017-12-06 "Supermassive" most distant black hole discovery announced by astronomers in journal "Nature", 13 billion light-years away, 800 x bigger than the Sun
  • 2018-10-03 First exomoon, moon outside the solar system, discovered 8,000 years away (size of Neptune) by astronomers at Columbia University
  • 2018-11-14 Astronomers announce discovery of Super-Earth planet (3.2x bigger than Earth) orbiting red dwarf Barnard's star, 6 light years away
  • 2018-12-17 Astronomers identify furtherest object in the solar system as 2018 VG18 (nicknamed Farout), 120 x further from the sun than earth
  • 2019-01-10 Canadian astronomers report fast radio bursts (FRBs) of probable extragalactic origin, one repeating six times at the CHIME observatory, British Columbia
  • 2019-08-30 Second interstellar comet ever detected by Ukrainian amateur astronomer Gennady Borisov (later named 2I/Borisov)

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 244

  • 0903-12-07 Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi, Persian astronomer, born in Rey, Buyid Persia (d. 986)
  • 1423-05-30 Georg von Purbach, Austrian mathematician and astronomer (best known for his streamlined presentation of Ptolemaic astronomy in the Theoricae Novae Planetarum), born in Peuerbach, Austria (d. 1461)
  • 1436-06-06 Regiomontanus [Johannes Müller von Königsberg], German mathematician and astronomer, prepares astronomical tables, born in Königsberg, Germany (d. 1476)
  • 1452-12-10 Johannes Stöffler, German mathematician and astronomer, born in Blaubeuren, Germany (d. 1531)

Person of interestNicolaus Copernicus

1473-02-19 Nicolaus Copernicus, Polish mathematician and astronomer who theorized that planets revolve around the sun (Heliocentric theory), born in Toruń, Royal Prussia, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1543)

Astronomer and Mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus
Astronomer and Mathematician
Nicolaus Copernicus
  • 1477-01-16 Johannes Schöner, German polymath, astronomer and cartographer (Schöner globes), born in Karlstadt am Main, Lower Franconia, Bavaria (d. 1547)
  • 1495-04-16 Petrus Apianus [Peter Apian], German mathematician, astronomer and cartographer, born in Leisnig, Saxony (d. 1557)
  • 1508-12-09 Gemma Frisius [Jemme Reinerszoon], Frisian physician, mathematician and instrument maker (created globe), born in Dokkum, Friesland (d. 1555)
  • 1525-12-01 Tadeáš Hájek, Czech physician and astronomer (d. 1600)
  • 1529-04-03 Michael Neander, German mathematician and astronomer, born in Joachimsthal, Bohemia (d. 1581)

Person of interestTycho Brahe

1546-12-14 Tycho Brahe, Danish astronomer (Golden nose), born in Knudstrup, Denmark (d. 1601)

Astronomer Tycho Brahe
Astronomer
Tycho Brahe
  • 1561-08-25 Philippe van Lansberge, Dutch astronomer, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1632)
  • 1562-10-04 Christian Sørensen Longomontanus, Danish astronomer, born in Lomborg, Jutland, Denmark (d. 1647)

Person of interestGalileo Galilei

1564-02-15 Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer, physicist and engineer who has been called the father of science, born in Pisa, Duchy of Florence, Italy (d. 1642)

Astronomer and Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer and Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • 1564-03-09 David Fabricius, German astronomer (discovered variable star), born in Esens, Germany (d. 1617)
  • 1565-11-10 Laurentius Paulinus Gothus, Swedish theologian and astronomer, born in Söderköping, Sweden (d. 1646)
  • 1571-12-09 Adrian Metius, Dutch astronomer and fort architect, born in Alkmaar, Netherlands (d. 1635)

Person of interestJohannes Kepler

1571-12-27 Johannes Kepler, German astronomer (discovered laws of planetary motion), born in Weil der Stadt, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1630)

Astronomer Johannes Kepler
Astronomer
Johannes Kepler
  • 1573-01-10 Simon Marius, German astronomer, born in Gunzenhausen, Germany (d. 1624)
  • 1575-07-25 Christoph Scheiner, German astronomer and physicist, born in Markt Wald, Germany (d. 1650)
  • 1577-06-12 Paul Guldin, Swiss astronomer and mathematician (Guldinus theorem), born in Mels, Switzerland (d. 1643)
  • 1580-06-06 Godefroy Wendelin, Flemish astronomer, the crater Vendelinus on the Moon is named after him, born in Herk-de-Stad, Belgium (d. 1667)
  • 1580-12-01 Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc, French astronomer (d. 1637)
  • 1585-11-01 Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer, born in Kurzelów, Sandomierz Province, Poland (d. 1652)
  • 1586-12-06 Niccolò Zucchi, Italian astronomer, born in Parma, Italy (d. 1670)
  • 1587-01-08 Johannes Fabricius, Danish astronomer (discovered sunspots), born in East Frisia, Germany (d. 1616)
  • 1592-05-01 Johann A Schall von Bell, German missionary and astronomer, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1666)
  • 1598-04-17 Giovanni Riccioli, Italian astronomer (Almagestum Novum), born in Ferrara, Italy (d. 1671)
  • 1605-09-28 Ismaël Bullialdus, French astronomer (Astronomia Philolaica) and mathematician, born in Loudun, Vienne, France (d. 1694)
  • 1608-01-28 Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, mathematician/astronomer, born in Naples, Italy
  • 1611-01-28 Johannes Hevelius, Danzig, astronomer (star cataloger)
  • 1620-07-21 Jean Picard, French astronomer, born in La Flèche, France (d. 1682)
  • 1622-01-28 Adrien Auzout, French astronomer (d. 1691)
  • 1623-08-23 Stanisław Lubieniecki, Polish astronomer, born in Raków, Kielce County, Poland (d. 1675)
  • 1625-06-08 Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Italian-French mathematician, astronomer and engineer who discovered four of Saturn's moons, born in Perinaldo, Republic of Genova (d. 1712)
  • 1629-04-14 Christiaan Huygens, Dutch mathematician, astronomer (discovered Saturn's rings) and scientist (dynamics), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1695)

Person of interestChristopher Wren

1632-10-20 Christopher Wren, English astronomer and architect (St. Paul's Cathedral), born in East Knoyle, Wiltshire (d. 1723)

Architect Christopher Wren
Architect
Christopher Wren

Person of interestJan Vermeer

1632-10-31 Jan Vermeer [Johannes Vermeer], Dutch painter (Girl with a Pearl Earring, The Astronomer), born in Delft, Netherlands (d. 1675)

Painter Jan Vermeer
Painter
Jan Vermeer
  • 1633-06-01 Geminiano Montanari, Italian astronomer (d. 1687)
  • 1640-03-18 Philippe de la Hire, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1719)

Person of interestIsaac Newton

1642-12-25 Isaac Newton, English physicist, mathematician and astronomer (Gravity, Laws of Motion), born in Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, England (d. 1727)

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
  • 1644-09-25 Ole Rømer, Danish astronomer, born in Aarhus, Denmark (d. 1710)
  • 1646-08-19 John Flamsteed, English astronomer and first Astronomer Royal, born in Denby, England (d. 1719)
  • 1655-09-19 Jan Luyts, Dutch physicist and mathematician, born in Hoorn, Netherlands (d. 1721)

Person of interestEdmond Halley

1656-11-08 Edmond Halley, English mathematician and astronomer (Halley's comet), born in Haggerston, Middlesex (d. 1742) [OS 29 Oct]

Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist Edmond Halley
Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist
Edmond Halley
  • 1659-06-03 David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (d. 1708)
  • 1665-08-21 Giacomo F. Maraldi, French-Italian astronomer and mathematician, born in Perinaldo, Italy (d. 1729)
  • 1671-07-14 Jacques D'Allonville, French astronomer and mathematician (d. 1732)
  • 1677-02-18 Jacques Cassini, French astronomer (rings of Saturn)
  • 1679-05-14 Peder [Nielsen] Horrebow, Danish astronomer
  • 1684-01-14 Johann Matthias Hase, German mathematician & astronomer, born in Augsburg, Germany (d. 1742)
  • 1688-04-04 Joseph-Nicolas Delisle, French astronomer and cartographer, born in Paris (d. 1768)
  • 1695-11-10 John Bevis, English physician and astronomer (discovered Crab Nebula), born in Old Sarum, Wiltshire (d. 1771)
  • 1698-09-28 Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis, French mathematician and astronomer (Système de la nature), born in Saint-Malo, France (d. 1759)
  • 1700-11-28 Nathaniel Bliss, English 4th Astronomer Royal (1762-64), born in Bisley, Gloucestershire, England (d. 1764)

Person of interestAnders Celsius

1701-11-27 Anders Celsius, Swedish astronomer (proposed the Celsius temperature scale), born in Uppsala, Sweden (d. 1744)

Astronomer Anders Celsius
Astronomer
Anders Celsius
  • 1703-11-25 Jean-François Séguier, French astronomer and botanist, born in Nîmes, France (d. 1784)
  • 1704-02-28 Louis Godin, French astronomer (d. 1760)
  • 1710-04-25 James Ferguson, Scottish astronomer, born in Banffshire, Scotland (d. 1776)
  • 1711-05-18 Ruggiero G Boscovich, [Rudzer J Boskovic], Italian astronomer
  • 1711-08-05 Johan Lulofs, Dutch physicist/philosopher/astronomer
  • 1712-08-24 Cornelis Douwes, Dutch mathematician and astronomer, born in Terschelling, Netherlands (d. 1773)
  • 1712-11-24 Willem Bachiene, theologist/geographer/astronomer (Ecclesiastical)
  • 1713-03-15 Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, French astronomer who mapped the stars of the Southern Hemisphere, born in Rumigny, France (d. 1762)
  • 1713-09-14 Johann Kies, German astronomer and mathematician, born in Tübingen, Germany (d. 1781)
  • 1714-06-17 César-François Cassini de Thury, French astronomer (geodesic labor), born in Thury-sous-Clermont, Oise, France (d. 1784)
  • 1714-12-19 John Winthrop, American astronomer (d. 1779)
  • 1715-11-23 Pierre Charles Le Monnier, French astronomer (d. 1799)
  • 1717-09-22 Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin, Swedish astronomer (d. 1783)
  • 1719-08-20 Christian Mayer, Czech Catholic priest and astronomer, born in Modřice, Moravia (d. 1783)
  • 1720-05-15 Maximilian Hell, Slovakian astronomer (d. 1792)
  • 1723-06-11 Johann Georg Palitzsch, German astronomer, 1st saw Halley's comet on return, born in Prohlis, Dresden, Germany (d. 1788)
  • 1725-09-12 Guillaume Le Gentil, French astronomer, born in Coutances, France (d. 1792)
  • 1730-06-26 Charles Messier, French astronomer (cataloguer of "M objects"), born in Badonviller, Lorraine, France (d. 1817)
  • 1732-04-08 David Rittenhouse, American astronomer, inventor, and mathematician, born in Paper Mill Run, Pennsylvania (d. 1796)
  • 1733-07-27 Jeremiah Dixon, English surveyor and astronomer, born in Cockfield, County Durham, England (d. 1779)
  • 1736-01-25 Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Italian mathematician & astronomer (number theory, celestial mechanics), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1813)
  • 1736-09-15 Jean-Sylvain Bailly, French astronomer noted for his computation of an orbit for Halley’s Comet (1759) and author of History of Ancient Astronomy from Its Origin to the Establishment of the School of Alexandria, born in Paris (d. 1793)

Person of interestWilliam Herschel

1738-11-15 William Herschel, German-British astronomer (discovered Uranus), born in Hanover, Brunswick-Lüneburg, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1822)

Astronomer William Herschel
Astronomer
William Herschel
  • 1746-07-16 Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian astronomer (found 1st asteroid-Ceres), born in Ponte in Valtellina, Italy (d. 1826)
  • 1748-06-30 Jean-Dominique, comte de Cassini, French astronomer, born in Paris (d. 1845)
  • 1749-03-23 Pierre-Simon, marquis de Laplace, French mathematician, astronomer and physicist (stability of the solar system), born in Beaumount-en-Auge, Normandy, France (d. 1827)

Person of interestJean Baptiste Joseph Delambre

1749-09-19 Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre, French mathematician and astronomer (The History of Astronomy), born in Amiens, France (d. 1822)

Mathematician/Astronomer Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
Mathematician/Astronomer
Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
  • 1750-03-16 Caroline Herschel, German astronomer, (comet 35P/Herschel-Rigollet), born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1848)
  • 1754-06-04 Franz Xaver, Baron Von Zach, Austrian astronomer, born in Pest, Hungary (d. 1832)
  • 1755-01-07 Stephen Groombridge, Goudhurst Kent, English Astronomer (Catalogue of Circumpolar Stars)
  • 1756-08-29 Jan Śniadecki, Polish mathematician and astronomer, born in Żnin, Poland (d. 1830)
  • 1758-10-11 Wilhelm Olbers, German astronomer and physician, discovered asteroids (Pallas & Vesta), born in Bremen, Germany (d. 1840)
  • 1761-12-24 Jean-Louis Pons, French astronomer (greatest visual comet discoverer of all time), born in Peyre, Hautes-Alpes (d. 1831)
  • 1764-09-17 John Goodricke, English deaf astronomer (first to notice that some variable stars were periodic), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1786)
  • 1770-09-19 Johann Georg Repsold, German instrument maker and astronomer, born in Wremen, Wurster Nordseeküste, Germany (d. 1830)
  • 1773-03-26 Nathaniel Bowditch, American mathematician, astronomer and author (Marine Sextant), born in Salem, Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1838)
  • 1773-07-23 Thomas Brisbane, British soldier, administrator and astronomer, born in Ayrshire, Scotland (d. 1860)
  • 1774-04-21 Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist (Biot-Savart law), born in Paris (d. 1862)
  • 1774-04-28 Francis Baily, English astronomer and describer of "Baily's Beads" during solar eclipse, born in Newbury, Berkshire, England (d. 1844)
  • 1784-07-22 Friedrich W Bessel, German astronomer (star parallax, Bessel Function)
  • 1786-02-28 François Arago, French astronomer, physicist and politician, born in Estagel, France (d. 1853)
  • 1786-03-25 Giovanni B Amia, Italian astronomer/physicist/botanist
  • 1789-09-09 William Cranch Bond, American astronomer (codiscovered Hyperion), born in Falmouth, Maine (d. 1859)
  • 1791-09-23 Johann F Encke, German astronomer (Encke Comet)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

1597-04-27 Astronomer Johannes Kepler marries widow Barbara Müller

Astronomer Johannes Kepler
Astronomer
Johannes Kepler

LoveWedding of Interest

1924-02-26 Astronomer Edwin Hubble (34) weds Grace Burke in Pasadena, California

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Astronomer
Edwin Hubble

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 248

  • 0030-04-07 Jesus Christ is crucified, according to astronomer Schaefer
  • 0033-04-03 Christ, crucified (according to astronomer Humphreys & Waddington)
  • 0883-03-08 Albumasar, [Ahmad Aboe M Gafar al-Balkhi], Arabic astronomer, dies
  • 0901-02-18 Thabit ibn Qurra, Arab astronomer and mathematician, founder of Statics (b. 826)
  • 0986-05-25 Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi, Persian astronomer, dies at 83
  • 1123-12-04 Omar Khayyám, Persian poet, astronomer, mathematician, and philosopher (b. 1048)
  • 1429-06-22 Ghiyath al-Kashi, Persian astronomer and mathematician (b. 1380)
  • 1449-10-27 Ulugh Beg, a USSR astronomer, dies at 56
  • 1461-04-08 Georg von Purbach, Austrian mathematician and astronomer (best known for his streamlined presentation of Ptolemaic astronomy in the Theoricae Novae Planetarum), dies at 37
  • 1476-07-06 Regiomontanus [Johannes Müller von Königsberg], German mathematician and astronomer, prepares astronomic tables, dies at 40
  • 1531-02-16 Johannes Stöffler, German mathematician and astronomer, dies at 78
  • 1542-12-28 Albert Pigge, [Pighius], Dutch theologist/astronomer, dies at about 52

Person of interestNicolaus Copernicus

1543-05-24 Nicolaus Copernicus, Polish mathematician and astronomer who theorized that planets revolve around the sun (Heliocentric theory), dies at 70

Astronomer and Mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus
Astronomer and Mathematician
Nicolaus Copernicus
  • 1547-01-16 Johannes Schöner, German polymath, astronomer and cartographer (Schöner globes), dies at 70
  • 1552-04-21 Petrus Apianus [Peter Apian], German mathematician, astronomer and cartographer, dies at 50
  • 1555-05-25 Gemma Frisius [Jemme Reinerszoon], Frisian physician, mathematician and instrument maker (created globe), dies at 46
  • 1578-08-11 Pedro Nunes, [Nonius], Port mathematician/astronomer (nonius), dies
  • 1581-10-23 Michael Neander, German mathematician and astronomer, dies at 52
  • 1595-08-24 Thomas Digges, English astronomer (Universe Infinite), dies
  • 1596-09-13 Pieter D Keyzer/Keyser, astronomer/navigator (Java)

Person of interestTycho Brahe

1601-10-24 Tycho Brahe, Danish astronomer, dies in Prague at 54

Astronomer Tycho Brahe
Astronomer
Tycho Brahe
  • 1617-05-07 David Fabricius, German astronomer (discovered variable star), dies at 53
  • 1621-07-02 Thomas Harriot, English astronomer (1st person to draw map of the Moon with a telescope), dies at 61 or 62
  • 1624-12-26 Simon Marius, astronomer, dies in Bavaria at 54
  • 1625-03-07 Johann Bayer, German astronomer (b. 1572)
  • 1626-10-30 Willebrord Snellius (also Snell and Snel van Royen), Dutch astronomer/mathematician, dies at about 46

Person of interestJohannes Kepler

1630-11-15 Johannes Kepler, German astronomer (discovered laws of planetary motion), dies at 58

Astronomer Johannes Kepler
Astronomer
Johannes Kepler
  • 1631-10-20 Michael Maestlin, German astronomer and mathematician (b. 1550)
  • 1632-12-08 Philippe van Lansberge, Dutch astronomer, dies at 71
  • 1635-09-06 Adrian Metius, Dutch astronomer and fort architect, dies at 63
  • 1637-06-24 Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc, French astronomer (b. 1580)

Person of interestGalileo Galilei

1642-01-08 Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer, physicist and engineer who has been called the father of science, dies at 77

Astronomer and Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer and Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • 1643-11-03 Paul Guldin, Swiss astronomer and mathematician (Guldinus theorem), dies at 66
  • 1643-11-03 John Bainbridge, English astronomer (b. 1582)
  • 1646-11-29 Laurentius Paulinus Gothus, Swedish theologian and astronomer, dies at 81
  • 1647-10-08 Christian Sørensen Longomontanus, Danish astronomer, dies at 85
  • 1650-07-18 Christoph Scheiner, German astronomer and physicist, dies at 74
  • 1652-11-21 Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer, dies at 67
  • 1664-08-24 Maria Cunitz, Silesian astronomer (bc. 1610)
  • 1666-08-15 Johann A Schall von Bell, German missionary and astronomer, dies at 75
  • 1667-10-24 Godefroy Wendelin, Flemish astronomer, the crater Vendelinus on the Moon is named after him, dies at 87
  • 1670-05-21 Niccolò Zucchi, Italian astronomer, dies at 83
  • 1671-06-25 Giovanni Riccioli, Italian astronomer (Almagestum Novum), dies at 73
  • 1675-05-18 Stanisław Lubieniecki, Polish astronomer, dies at 51
  • 1682-07-12 Jean Picard, French astronomer, dies at 61
  • 1687-01-28 Johannes Hevelius, astronomer (star cataloger), dies on 76th birthday
  • 1687-10-13 Geminiano Montanari, Italian astronomer (b. 1633)
  • 1689-01-06 Seth Ward, English mathematician and astronomer (b. 1617)
  • 1691-05-23 Adrien Auzout, French astronomer (b. 1622)
  • 1694-11-25 Ismael Bullialdus, French astronomer (Astronomia Philolaica) and mathematician, dies at 89
  • 1695-07-08 Christiaan Huygens, Dutch mathematician, astronomer (discovered Saturn's rings) and scientist (dynamics), dies at 66
  • 1708-10-10 David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (b. 1659)
  • 1710-09-19 Ole Rømer, Danish astronomer, dies at 65
  • 1712-09-11 Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Italian-French mathematician, astronomer and engineer who discovered four of Saturn's moons, dies at 87
  • 1712-09-14 Jean [Giovanni] D Cassini, Italian/French astronomer, dies
  • 1719-12-31 John Flamsteed, 1st Astronomer Royal, dies at 73

Person of interestChristopher Wren

1723-02-25 Christopher Wren, English astronomer and architect (St. Paul's Cathedral), dies at 90

Architect Christopher Wren
Architect
Christopher Wren

Person of interestIsaac Newton

1727-03-31 Isaac Newton, English physicist/astronomer, dies in London at 84

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
  • 1729-12-01 Giacomo F. Maraldi, French-Italian astronomer and mathematician, dies at 64
  • 1736-02-07 Stephen Gray, English astronomer and scientist (b. 1666)

Person of interestEdmond Halley

1742-01-14 Edmond Halley, English mathematician and astronomer (Halley's comet), dies at 85 [NS=Jan 25]

Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist Edmond Halley
Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist
Edmond Halley

Person of interestAnders Celsius

1744-04-25 Anders Celsius, Swedish astronomer (proposed the Celsius temperature scale), dies at 42

Astronomer Anders Celsius
Astronomer
Anders Celsius
  • 1748-05-12 Thomas Lowndes, English astronomer (b. 1692)
  • 1756-04-16 Jacques Cassini, French astronomer, dies at 79
  • 1759-07-27 Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis, French mathematician and astronomer (Système de la nature), dies at 60
  • 1760-09-11 Louis Godin, French astronomer (b. 1704)
  • 1762-02-20 Tobias Mayer, German astronomer, dies at 38
  • 1762-03-21 Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, French astronomer (b. 1713)

Person of interestJames Bradley

1762-07-13 James Bradley, English astronomer, 3rd Royal, discovered Earth's nutation motion, dies at 69

Astronomer James Bradley
Astronomer
James Bradley
  • 1764-03-17 George Parker, English astronomer, dies
  • 1764-04-14 Peder [Nielsen] Horrebow, Danish astronomer, dies at 84
  • 1764-09-02 Nathaniel Bliss, English 4th Astronomer Royal (1762-64), dies at 63
  • 1768-11-04 Johan Lulofs, Dutch physicist, philosopher and astronomer, dies at 57
  • 1771-11-06 John Bevis, English physician and astronomer (discovered Crab Nebula), dies at 75
  • 1773-07-07 Cornelis Douwes, Dutch mathematician and astronomer, dies at 60
  • 1776-11-17 James Ferguson, Scottish astronomer, dies at 66
  • 1779-01-22 Jeremiah Dixon, English surveyor and astronomer, dies at 45
  • 1779-05-03 John Winthrop, American astronomer (b. 1714)
  • 1781-07-29 Johann Kies, German astronomer and mathematician, dies at 73
  • 1783-04-16 Christian Mayer, Czech Catholic priest and astronomer, dies at 63
  • 1783-08-06 Willem Bachiene, vicar/theologist/geography/astronomer, dies at 70
  • 1783-12-13 Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin, Swedish astronomer (b. 1717)
  • 1784-09-04 César-François Cassini de Thury, French astronomer (geodesic labor), dies at 70
  • 1786-04-20 John Goodricke, English deaf astronomer (first to notice that some variable stars were periodic), dies at 21
  • 1787-02-12 Ruggiero Boscovich, Italian physicist/astronomer/philosopher, dies at 75
  • 1788-02-21 Johann Georg Palitzsch, German astronomer, 1st saw Halley's comet on return, dies at 64
  • 1792-04-14 Maximilian Hell, Slovakian astronomer (b. 1720)
  • 1792-10-22 Guillaume Le Gentil, French astronomer, dies at 67
  • 1793-11-12 Jean-Sylvain Bailly, French astronomer noted for his computation of an orbit for Halley’s Comet (1759) and author of History of Ancient Astronomy from Its Origin to the Establishment of the School of Alexandria, dies at 57
  • 1796-06-26 David Rittenhouse, American astronomer, inventor, and mathematician, dies at 64
  • 1799-05-31 Pierre Lemonnier, French astronomer (b. 1715)

Person of interestBenjamin Banneker

1806-10-09 Benjamin Banneker, African American astronomer, mathematician and surveyor of Washington, D.C., dies at 74

Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author Benjamin Banneker
Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author
Benjamin Banneker
  • 1807-04-04 Joseph Jerome Le Francais de Lalande, French astronomer, dies a 74
  • 1811-02-09 Nevil Maskelyne, 5th Astronomer Royal of England (1765-1811), dies
  • 1813-04-10 Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Italian mathematician and astronomer (number theory, celestial mechanics), dies at 77
  • 1817-04-12 Charles Messier, French astronomer (cataloguer of "M objects"), dies at 86

Person of interestWilliam Herschel

1822-08-25 William Herschel, German-British astronomer (discovered Uranus), dies at 83

Astronomer William Herschel
Astronomer
William Herschel
  • 1826-07-22 Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian astronomer (found 1st asteroid-Ceres), dies at 80
  • 1830-01-14 Johann Georg Repsold, German instrument maker and astronomer, dies at 59