Astronomers in History (Part 2)

Historical Events


Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 248

  • 1789-09-09 William Cranch Bond, American astronomer (codiscovered Hyperion), born in Falmouth, Maine (d. 1859)
  • 1791-09-23 Johann F Encke, German astronomer (Encke Comet)
  • 1792-03-07 John Herschel, William Herschel's son, English astronomer and photographer (invented the blueprint), born in Slough, England (d. 1871)
  • 1792-04-23 John Romney Robinson, Irish astronomer and physicist, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1882)
  • 1793-04-15 Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve, German-Russian astronomer, born in Altona, Hamburg (d. 1864)
  • 1794-03-05 Jacques Babinet, French physicist/mathematician/astronomer
  • 1794-05-29 Johann Heinrich von Mädler, German astronomer (published the most complete map of the Moon of the time, Mappa Selenographica, 4 vol. with Wilhelm Beer), born in Berlin (d. 1874)
  • 1795-12-08 Peter Andreas Hansen, Danish-German astronomer (Hansen hypothesis), born in Tønder, Schleswig, Denmark (d. 1874)
  • 1796-02-22 Adolphe Quetelet, Belgian astronomer, mathematician and sociologist (body mass index scale), born in Ghent, French Republic (d. 1874)
  • 1797-01-04 Wilhelm Beer, German amateur astronomer (constructed 1st Moon map)
  • 1799-06-18 William Lassell, British astronomer who discovered satellites of Uranus and Neptune, born in Bolton, England (d. 1880)
  • 1801-07-27 George Biddell Airy, English mathematician and 7th Astronomer Royal, born in Alnwick, Northumberland, England (d. 1892)
  • 1804-01-13 John Pringle Nichol, Scottish Astronomer and educator
  • 1804-03-08 Alvan Clark, American astronomer and maker of the Dearborn Observatory telescope, the largest telescope in the world at the time, born in Ashfield, Massachusetts (d. 1887)
  • 1805-08-04 William Rowan Hamilton, Irish astronomer and mathematician, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1865)
  • 1808-06-10 Friedrich Kaiser, Dutch astronomer (Kaiser compass-card), born in Amsterdam (d. 1872)
  • 1809-04-04 Benjamin Pierce, American mathematician and astronomer (Peirce's criterion for outliers), born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1880)
  • 1809-07-28 Ormsby McKnight Mitchel, American astronomer and Union Major General, born in Union County, Kentucky (d. 1862)
  • 1811-09-06 James Melville Gilliss, American astronomer and Founder of Naval Observatory in Washington, born in Georgetown, Washington (d. 1865)
  • 1812-06-09 Johann G Galle, German astronomer (discovered Neptune)
  • 1818-08-01 Maria Mitchell, 1st US woman astronomer (Vassar), born in Nantucket, Massachusetts (d. 1889)
  • 1819-01-03 Charles Piazzi Smyth, Astronomer Royal for Scotland (d. 1900)
  • 1819-06-05 John Couch Adams, English astronomer (co-discover Neptune), born in Laneast, Launceston, Cornwall (d. 1892)
  • 1823-06-21 Jean Chacornac, French astronomer, born in Lyon, France (d. 1873)
  • 1824-02-22 Pierre Janssen, French astronomer, discovered helium, born in Paris, France (d. 1907)
  • 1827-12-16 John A C Oudemans, Dutch geographer/astronomer
  • 1829-10-15 Asaph Hall, American astronomer who discovered satellites of Mars (Phobos & Deimos), born in Goshen, Connecticut (d. 1907)
  • 1832-07-10 Alvan Graham Clark, American telescope maker and astronomer (Sirius B), born in Fall River, Massachusetts (d. 1897)
  • 1834-08-22 Samuel Pierpont Langley, American astronomer and pioneer aviator, born in Roxbury, Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1906)
  • 1835-03-12 Simon Newcomb, American scientist/mathematician/astronomer
  • 1835-03-14 Giovanni Schiaparelli, Italian astronomer (discovered canals of Mars), born in Savigliano, Italy (d. 1910)
  • 1837-03-07 Henry Draper, American astronomer (Moon, Orion Nebula), born in Prince Edward County, Virginia (d. 1882)
  • 1838-03-03 George William Hill, US astronomer (calculated Moon's orbit)
  • 1838-12-12 Sherburne Wesley Burnham, American astronomer (binary stars), born in Thetford, Vermont (d. 1921)
  • 1840-07-01 Robert Stawell Ball, Irish mathematician and astronomer (Ball Screw), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1913)
  • 1842-02-26 Camille Flammarion, French astronomer, Mars researcher and popularizer of astronomy, born in Montigny-le-Roi, Haute-Marne, France (d. 1925)
  • 1845-01-13 Félix Tisserand, French Astronomer (d. 1896)
  • 1846-04-28 Johann Oskar Backlund, Swedish-Russian astronomer (planets/asteroids), born in Länghem, Sweden (d. 1916)
  • 1846-06-19 Antonio Abetti, Italian astronomer, born in San Pietro di Gorizia (d. 1928)
  • 1846-07-19 Charles Edward Pickering, American astronomer and pioneered American spectroscopist, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1919)
  • 1847-08-23 Sarah Frances Whiting, American physicist and astronomer, born in Wyoming, New York (d. 1927)
  • 1848-02-14 Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer, born in Chalon-sur-Saône, France (d. 1934)
  • 1850-04-13 Arthur Matthew Weld Downing, British mathematician and astronomer, born in County Carlow, Ireland (d. 1917)
  • 1851-01-19 Johannes C Kapteyn, Dutch astronomer
  • 1851-04-06 Guillaume Bigourdan, French astronomer (d. 1932)
  • 1852-02-13 Johan L E Dreyer, Danish astronomer (New gen catalogue of nebulae)
  • 1854-04-29 Henri Poincaré, French mathematician (Poincaré conjecture), born in Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France (d. 1912)
  • 1855-03-13 Percival "Percy" Lowell, American astronomer (predicted discovery of Pluto), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1916)
  • 1857-05-15 Williamina Fleming, Scottish-born astronomer (d. 1911)
  • 1857-09-10 James Edward Keeler, American astronomer (rings of Saturn), born in La Salle, Illinois (d. 1900)
  • 1857-12-16 E. E. [Edward Emerson] Barnard, American astronomer (Jupiter's 5th satellite), born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 1923)
  • 1858-02-15 William Pickering, astronomer (9th & 10th moons of Saturn), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1938)
  • 1861-11-10 Robert T. A. Innes, Scottish astronomer (Proxima Centauri), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1933)
  • 1862-04-11 William Wallace Campbell, American astronomer and Director of Lick Observatory, born in Hancock County, Ohio (d. 1938)
  • 1863-06-21 Max Wolf, German astronomer, pioneer in the field of astrophotography, born in Heidelberg, Germany (d. 1932)
  • 1864-05-29 A H Borgesius, Dutch amateur astronomer
  • 1864-12-31 Robert G Aitken, American astronomer (Binary Stars), born in Jackson, California (d. 1951)
  • 1865-01-05 Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer, born in Bogotá, Colombia (d. 1920)
  • 1865-11-17 John S Plaskett, Canadian astronomer (Plaskett's twins)
  • 1866-03-21 Antonia Caetana de Paiva Pereira Maury, astronomer

Person of interestA. E. Douglass

1867-07-05 A. E. Douglass, American astronomer and inventor of dendrochronology (tree-ring dating), born in Windsor, Vermont (d. 1962)

Archaeologist and Astronomer A. E. Douglass
Archaeologist and Astronomer
A. E. Douglass
  • 1867-07-28 Charles Dillon Perrine, American-born astronomer working in Argentina, born in Steubenville, Ohio (d. 1951)
  • 1868-06-29 George Ellery Hale, American astronomer (discovery of magnetic fields in sunspot), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1938)
  • 1868-07-04 Henrietta Swan Leavitt, American astronomer (period-luminosity relation), born in Lancaster, Massachusetts (d. 1921)
  • 1871-01-12 Paul Guthnick, German astronomer
  • 1871-05-11 Frank Schlesinger, American astronomer (d. 1943)
  • 1872-05-31 Charles Greeley Abbot, American astronomer (Solar Constant), born in Wilton, New Hampshire (d. 1973)
  • 1873-01-02 Anton Pannekoek, Dutch astronomer/marxist theorist (Communist Tactics)
  • 1873-10-08 Ejnar Hertzsprung, Danish astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell diagram), born in Frederiksberg, Denmark (d. 1967)
  • 1873-10-09 Karl Schwarzschild, German astronomer (Schwarzschild effect), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1916)
  • 1875-11-11 Vesto Slipher, American astronomer who provided the first evidence to support the expanding-universe theory, born in Mulberry, Indiana (d. 1969)
  • 1876-12-20 Walter Sydney Adams, American astronomer, born in Antioch, Turkey
  • 1877-09-11 James Hopwood Jeans, English physicist, mathematician and astronomer (The Mysterious Universe), born in Southport, Lancashire (d. 1946)
  • 1877-10-25 Henry Norris Russell, American astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell diagram), born in Oyster Bay, New York (d. 1957)
  • 1879-05-28 Milutin Milanković, Serbian astronomer and geophysicist (linked long-term changes in climate to astronomical factors affecting the amount of solar energy received at Earth’s surface), born in Dalj, Austria-Hungary (d. 1958)
  • 1879-06-07 Joan Voûte, Dutch astronomer, born in Madioen, Java (d. 1963)
  • 1880-07-21 Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Slovak politician, French general and astronomer (d. 1919)
  • 1882-10-05 Giorgio Abetti, Italian astronomer (Solar physics), born in Padua, Italy (d. 1982)
  • 1884-01-28 Lucien H d'Azambuja, French astronomer (chromosome of sun)
  • 1884-03-31 Adriaan van Maanen, Dutch-American astronomer (d. 1946)
  • 1885-05-29 Erwin Finlay-Freundlich, British astronomer (theory of relativity), born in Biebrich, Germany (d. 1964)
  • 1885-11-02 Harlow Shapley, American astronomer (Sun's position in galaxy), born in Nashville, Missouri (d. 1972)
  • 1888-06-16 Peter Stoner, American mathematician and astronomer (d. 1980)
  • 1888-09-08 Louis Zimmer, Flemish astronomer and clock maker (Jubelklok/Wonder Clock), born in Lier, Belgium (d. 1970)
  • 1888-12-06 Will Hay [William Thomson Hay], British comedian, actor and amateur astronomer, born in County Durham, England (d. 1949)
  • 1889-06-20 John S. Paraskevopoulos, Greek-South African astronomer, born in Piraeus, Greece (d. 1951)

Person of interestEdwin Hubble

1889-11-20 Edwin Hubble, American astronomer (discoverer of galaxies, red shift), born in Marshfield, Missouri (d. 1953)

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Astronomer
Edwin Hubble
  • 1890-03-29 Harold Spencer Jones, English astronomer and 10th astronomer royal of England whose work led to a more accurate determination of the distance between the Earth and the Sun, born in London (d. 1960)
  • 1890-04-06 Andre L Danjon, French astronomer
  • 1891-04-22 Harold Jeffreys, English mathematician (Theory of Probability) and geophysicist, born in County Durham, England (d. 1989)
  • 1891-11-12 Seth Barnes Nicholson, American astronomer who discovered four satellites of Jupiter, born in Springfield, Illinois
  • 1893-02-12 Marcel Minnaert, Dutch astronomer, born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1970)
  • 1893-05-24 Walter Baade, German-American astronomer (Andromeda), born in Schröttinghausen, German Empire (d. 1960)
  • 1893-08-15 Leslie Comrie, New Zealand astronomer and computing pioneer, born in Pukekohe, New Zealand (d. 1950)
  • 1893-10-23 Ernest Julius Öpik, Kunda, Estonian Astronomer and Astrophysicist known for his studies of meteors and the structure and evolution of the cosmos
  • 1894-07-17 Georges Lemaître, Belgian Catholic Priest, astronomer and physics professor, who initially proposed the universe expansion and big-bang theories, born in Charleroi, Belgium (d. 1966)
  • 1895-11-26 Bertil Lindblad, Swedish astronomer (Milky Way system), born in Örebro, Sweden (d. 1965)
  • 1897-02-27 Bernard F Lyot, French astronomer (Lyot filter)
  • 1897-11-22 Paul Oswald Ahnert, German astronomer, born in Chemnitz, Kingdom of Saxony (d. 1989)
  • 1898-02-14 Fritz Zwicky, Swiss astronomer (supernova, dark matter), born in Varna, Bulgaria (d. 1974)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths

Deaths 101 - 200 of 248

  • 1830-01-14 Johann Georg Repsold, German instrument maker and astronomer, dies at 59
  • 1831-10-14 Jean-Louis Pons, French astronomer (b. 1761)
  • 1832-03-30 Stephen Groombridge, English Astronomer, dies at 77
  • 1832-09-02 Franz Xaver, Baron Von Zach, Austrian astronomer, dies at 78
  • 1838-03-16 Nathaniel Bowditch, American mathematician, astronomer and author (Marine Sextant), dies at 64
  • 1840-03-02 Wilhelm Olbers, German astronomer and physician who discovered asteroids (Pallas & Vesta), dies at 81
  • 1844-08-30 Francis Baily, English astronomer and describer of "Baily's Beads" during solar eclipse, dies at 70
  • 1845-10-18 Jean-Dominique, comte de Cassini, French astronomer, dies at 97
  • 1846-03-17 Friedrich W Bessel, German astronomer (Bessel Functions), dies at 61
  • 1848-01-09 Caroline Herschel, German-born pioneering female astronomer (comet 35P/Herschel-Rigolle), dies at 97
  • 1850-03-27 Wilhelm Bear, German banker/astronomer (Moon Map), dies at 53
  • 1853-10-02 François Arago, French astronomer, physicist (chromosome) and politician, dies at 67
  • 1859-01-29 William Cranch Bond, American astronomer (codiscovered Hyperion), dies at 69
  • 1859-09-19 John Pringle Nichol, Scottish Astronomer and educator, dies at 55
  • 1860-01-27 Thomas Brisbane, British soldier, administrator and astronomer, dies at 86
  • 1862-02-03 Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist (Biot-Savart law), dies at 87
  • 1862-10-30 Ormsby McKnight Mitchel, American astronomer and Union Major General, dies at 53
  • 1863-04-10 Giovanni B Amia, Italian astronomer/physicist/botanist, dies at 77
  • 1864-11-23 Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve, German-Russian astronomer, dies at 71
  • 1865-08-26 Johann F Encke, German astronomer (Comet Encke), dies at 73
  • 1868-09-26 August Ferdinand Möbius, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1790)
  • 1871-05-12 John F. W. Herschel, British astronomer (Catalogue of Nebulae), dies at 79
  • 1872-07-28 Friedrich Kaiser, Dutch astronomer (Kaiser-Compass), dies at 64
  • 1872-10-21 Jacques Babinet, French physicist/mathematician/astronomer, dies at 78
  • 1873-09-23 Jean Chacornac, French astronomer, dies at 50
  • 1874-02-17 Adolphe Quetelet, Belgian astronomer, mathematician and sociologist (body mass index scale), dies at 77
  • 1874-03-14 Johann Heinrich von Mädler, German astronomer (published the most complete map of the Moon of the time, Mappa Selenographica, 4 vol. with Wilhelm Beer), dies at 79
  • 1874-03-28 Peter Andreas Hansen, Danish-German astronomer (Hansen hypothesis), dies at 78
  • 1880-05-03 Jonathan Homer Lane, American astrophysicist who mathematically analyzed the Sun as a gaseous body, dies at 60
  • 1880-10-04 William Lassell, British astronomer who discovered satellites of Uranus and Neptune, dies at 81
  • 1880-10-06 Benjamin Pierce, American mathematician and astronomer (Peirce's criterion for outliers), dies at 71
  • 1882-02-28 John Romney Robinson, Irish astronomer and physicist, dies at 89
  • 1882-11-20 Henry Draper, American amateur astronomer (photos of the Moon, Orion Nebula), dies of pleurisy at 45
  • 1883-05-26 Edward Sabine, Irish astronomer (b. 1788)
  • 1887-08-19 Alvan Clark, American astronomer and maker of the Dearborn Observatory telescope, the largest telescope in the world at the time, dies at 83
  • 1889-04-19 Warren De La Rue, astronomer/chemist, dies
  • 1889-06-28 Maria Mitchell, 1st US woman astronomer (Vassar), dies at 70
  • 1892-01-02 George Biddell Airy, English mathematician and 7th Astronomer Royal, dies at 90
  • 1892-01-21 John Couch Adams, English astronomer (co-discover Neptune), dies at 72
  • 1896-10-20 Félix Tisserand, French Astronomer, dies at 51
  • 1897-06-09 Alvan Graham Clark, American telescope maker and astronomer (Sirius B), dies 3 weeks after 1st use of Yerkes 40" lens at 64
  • 1900-08-12 James Edward Keeler, American astronomer (rings of Saturn), dies at 42
  • 1906-02-27 Samuel Pierpont Langley, American astronomer and pioneer aviator, dies at 71
  • 1906-12-14 Jean Abraham Chrétien Oudemans, Dutch geographer & astronomer, dies at 78
  • 1907-11-22 Asaph Hall, American astronomer who discovered satellites of Mars (Phobos & Deimos), dies at 78
  • 1910-03-26 Auguste Charlois, French astronomer (b. 1864)
  • 1910-07-04 Giovanni Schiaparelli, Italian astronomer (discovered canals of Mars), dies at 75
  • 1911-05-21 Williamina Fleming, Scottish-born astronomer (b. 1857)
  • 1913-11-25 Robert Stawell Ball, Irish mathematician and astronomer (Ball Screw), dies at 73
  • 1914-04-16 George William Hill, American astronomer (moon orbit), considered to be the greatest master of celestial mechanics of his time, dies at 76
  • 1916-05-11 Karl Schwarzschild, German astronomer (Schwarzschild effect), dies at 42
  • 1916-08-29 Johann Oskar Backlund, Swedish-Russian astronomer (planets/asteroids), dies at 64

Person of interestPercival Lowell

1916-11-12 Percival Lowell, American astronomer (predicted discovery of Pluto) and founder of Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona, dies of a stroke at 61

Astronomer Percival Lowell
Astronomer
Percival Lowell
  • 1917-12-08 Arthur Matthew Weld Downing, British mathematician and astronomer, dies at 67
  • 1919-02-03 Charles Edward Pickering, American astronomer and pioneered American spectroscopist, dies at 72
  • 1919-05-04 Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Slovak politician, French general and astronomer (b. 1880)
  • 1920-03-11 Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer (b. 1865)
  • 1921-03-11 Sherburne Wesley Burnham, American astronomer (binary stars), dies at 83
  • 1921-12-12 Henrietta Swan Leavitt, American astronomer (period-luminosity relation), dies at 53
  • 1922-06-18 John Kapteyn, Dutch astronomer (studied the Milky Way), dies at 71
  • 1922-06-19 Johannes C Kapteyn, Dutch astronomer, dies at 71
  • 1923-02-06 E. E. [Edward Emerson] Barnard, American astronomer (5th moon Jupiter), dies at 65
  • 1925-06-07 Camille Flammarion, French astronomer, Mars researcher and popularizer of astronomy, dies at 83
  • 1926-09-14 Johan LE Dreyer, Danish astronomer (Catalog of Nebulae), dies at 74
  • 1927-09-12 Sarah Frances Whiting, American physicist and astronomer, dies at 80
  • 1928-02-20 Antonio Abetti, Italian astronomer, dies at 81
  • 1932-02-28 Guillaume Bigourdan, French astronomer (b. 1851)
  • 1934-07-08 Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer, dies at 1934
  • 1935-05-25 Sir Frank Watson Dyson, English astronomer, dies at 71
  • 1936-12-31 William FA Ellison, Irish clergyman/astronomer, dies at 72
  • 1938-01-17 William Pickering, American astronomer (predicted Pluto), dies at 79
  • 1938-02-21 George Ellery Hale, American astronomer (discovery of magnetic fields in sunspot), dies at 69
  • 1938-06-14 William Wallace Campbell, American astronomer and Director of Lick Observatory, dies at 76

Person of interestAnnie Jump Cannon

1941-04-13 Annie Jump Cannon, American astronomer (Henry Draper catalogues), dies at 77

Astronomer Annie Jump Cannon
Astronomer
Annie Jump Cannon
  • 1941-05-27 AH Borgesius, tutor/experimentator/amateur astronomer, dies at 76
  • 1941-10-17 John S Plaskett, Canadian astronomer (Plaskett's twins), dies
  • 1944-02-10 Eugène Michel Antoniadi, Greek astronomer, a crater on Mars and the Antoniadi crater on the Moon were named in his honor (b. 1870)
  • 1946-01-26 Adriaan van Maanen, Dutch-American astronomer (b. 1884)
  • 1946-09-16 James Hopwood Jeans, English physicist, mathematician and astronomer (The Mysterious Universe), dies at 69
  • 1947-09-06 Paul Guthnick, German astronomer, dies at 76
  • 1949-04-18 Will Hay [William Thomson Hay], British comedian, actor and amateur astronomer, dies from a stroke at 60
  • 1950-12-11 Leslie Comrie, New Zealand astronomer and computing pioneer, dies at 57
  • 1951-03-15 John S. Paraskevopoulos, Greek-born astronomer (b. 1889)
  • 1951-06-21 Charles Dillon Perrine, American-born astronomer, dies at 83
  • 1951-10-29 Robert G Aitken, US astronomer (New General Catalogue), dies at 86
  • 1952-04-02 Bernard F Lyot, Fren astronomer (chronograph, Lyot-filter), dies at 55

Person of interestEdwin Hubble

1953-09-28 Edwin Hubble, American astronomer, first to announce existence of other galaxies, dies at 63

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Astronomer
Edwin Hubble
  • 1954-03-09 Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs, German astronomer (b. 1912)
  • 1956-05-11 Walter S Adams, American astronomer & director of Mount Wilson, dies at 79
  • 1957-02-08 John von Neumann, mathematician and astronomer (Bocher Award 1938), dies at 53
  • 1957-02-18 Henry Norris Russell, American astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell diagram), dies at 79
  • 1958-12-12 Milutin Milanković, Serbian astronomer and geophysicist (linked long-term changes in climate to astronomical factors affecting the amount of solar energy received at Earth’s surface), dies at 79
  • 1960-04-03 Anton Pannekoek, Dutch astronomer/marxist theorist, dies at 87
  • 1960-04-28 Anton Pannekoek, Dutch astronomer & philosopher, dies at 87
  • 1960-06-25 Walter Baade, German-American astronomer (Andromeda), dies at 67
  • 1960-11-03 Harold Spencer Jones, English astronomer and 10th astronomer royal of England whose work led to a more accurate determination of the distance between the Earth and the Sun, dies at 70

Person of interestA. E. Douglass

1962-03-20 A. E. Douglass, American astronomer and inventor of dendrochronology (tree-ring dating) dies at 94

Archaeologist and Astronomer A. E. Douglass
Archaeologist and Astronomer
A. E. Douglass
  • 1963-04-06 Otto Struve, Russian-born astronomer (b. 1897)
  • 1963-07-02 Seth Barnes Nicholson, American astronomer who discovered four satellites of Jupiter, dies at 71
  • 1963-08-20 Joan Voûte, Dutch astronomer, dies at 84

Famous Astronomers