Astronomers in History (Part 3)

Historical Events


Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 201 - 248 of 248

  • 1898-12-21 Ira S. Bowen, American physicist & astronomer (Mt Wilson/Palomar), born in Seneca Falls, New York (d. 1973)
  • 1900-04-28 Jan Hendrik Oort, Dutch astronomer (hypothesized "Oort Cloud"), born in Franeker, Friesland (d. 1992)
  • 1900-05-05 Mervyn A. Ellison, British astronomer (spectrohelioscope), born in Fethard-on-Sea, County Wexford, Ireland (d. 1963)
  • 1900-05-10 Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, British-American astronomer and astrophysicist who proposed that stars are composed largely of hydrogen and are not glowing balls of molten rock, born in Wendover, England (d. 1979)
  • 1903-12-28 John von Neumann, mathematician and astronomer (Bocher Award 1938), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1957)
  • 1904-06-26 Frank Scott Hogg, Canadian astronomer, born in Preston, Ontario (d. 1951)
  • 1904-12-28 Clabon W Allen, Australian/British astronomer
  • 1905-12-07 Gerard Kuiper, Dutch-American astronomer (moons of Uranus, Neptune), born in Tuitjenhorn, Netherlands (d. 1973)
  • 1906-02-04 Clyde William Tombaugh, American astronomer (discovered Pluto)
  • 1906-03-20 Pavel P Parenago, Russian astronomer
  • 1906-04-28 Bart [Bartholomeus Jan] Bok, Dutch-American astronomer (Milky Way), born in Hoorn, Netherlands (d. 1983)
  • 1906-06-17 Thomas Cowling, British mathematician and astronomer, born in Walthamstow, Essex (d. 1990)
  • 1906-11-05 Fred Lawrence Whipple, American astronomer (dirty-snowball theory), born in Red Oak, Iowa (d. 2004)
  • 1907-03-12 Dorrit Hoffleit, American astronomer (d. 2007)
  • 1907-08-21 Roy K. Marshall, American astronomer and TV scientist (Nature of Things)
  • 1908-09-18 Victor Ambartsumian, Russian astronomer (Stalin Prize 1946, 50), born in Tiflis, Russian Empire (d. 1996)
  • 1909-07-20 Jean Focas, Greco-French astronomer (d. 1969)
  • 1911-12-22 Grote Reber, American radio astronomer (1st parabolic radio telescope), born in Wheaton, Illinois (d. 2002)
  • 1912-03-06 Madge Adam, astronomer
  • 1912-05-31 Martin Schwarzschild, US astronomer (evolution)
  • 1912-08-11 Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs, German astronomer (d. 1954)
  • 1913-08-31 Sir Bernard Lovell, English radio astronomer, founded Jodrell Bank Observatory, born in Oldland Common, Bristol (d. 2012)
  • 1918-04-25 Gérard de Vaucouleurs, French astronomer, born in Paris (d. 1995)
  • 1918-08-12 Margaret Burbidge, British-American astronomer & educator, born in Davenport, England
  • 1918-09-27 Martin Ryle, Britain, radio astronomer/astronomer royal (1972-82)
  • 1918-11-19 Hendrik Christoffel Van de Hulst, Dutch astronomer (correctly predicted the existence of the 21 cm hyper-fine line of neutral atomic hydrogen in interstellar space), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 2000)
  • 1921-04-29 Cornelis de Jager, Dutch astronomer (Sun), born in Den Burg, Texel, Netherlands
  • 1923-03-04 Patrick Moore, England, astronomer/writer (A-Z of Astronomy), (d. 2012)
  • 1923-04-25 Francis Graham-Smith, British astronomer, 13th Astronomer Royal (1982-90)
  • 1924-05-11 Antony Hewish, radio astronomer
  • 1924-11-12 Audouin Dollfus, French Astronomer (discovered Janus, a moon of Saturn), born in Paris, France
  • 1928-04-20 Gerald S. Hawkins, English-American astronomer (archaeoastronomy), born in Great Yarmouth, England (d. 2003)
  • 1928-07-23 Vera Rubin, American astronomer who discovered dark matter, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2016)
  • 1929-10-07 Harold Zirin, American astronomer, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2012)
  • 1929-12-28 Maarten Schmidt, Neth/US astronomer (quasars)
  • 1934-11-09 Carl Sagan, American astronomer, author, professor (Cosmos, Broca's Brain), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1996)
  • 1935-04-05 Donald Lynden-Bell, British theoretical astrophysicist, born in Dover, Kent (d. 2018)
  • 1936-01-10 Robert Woodrow Wilson, American physicist & radio astronomer (1978 Nobel laureate), born in Houston, Texas
  • 1939-01-20 Nalin Chandra Wickramasinghe, Sri Lankan-born British mathematician & astronomer, born in Colombo, Sri Lanka
  • 1941-05-18 M S Longair, astronomer

Person of interestJocelyn Bell Burnell

1943-07-15 Jocelyn Bell Burnell, Irish astrophysicist (discovered radio pulsars), born in Lurgan, Northern Ireland

Astrophysicist Jocelyn Bell Burnell
Astrophysicist
Jocelyn Bell Burnell
  • 1948-02-20 A C Fabian, astronomer
  • 1949-06-02 Heather Couper, British astronomer and presenter (The Sky at Night), born in Wallesey, England (d. 2020)
  • 1958-03-07 Alan Hale, American astronomer (Comet Hale–Bopp), born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1960-10-28 Landon Curt Noll, Astronomer, Cryptographer and Mathematician: youngest to hold the world record for the largest known prime 3 times
  • 1965-06-16 Andrea M. Ghez, American astronomer (2020 Nobel Prize for Physics for work on black holes), born in New York City
  • 1966-02-23 Didier Queloz, Swiss astronomer (discovered 1st exoplanet), 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics, born in Switzerland
  • 1973-07-26 Lenka Kotková [Šarounová], Czech astronomer and discoverer of minor planets, born in Dobřichovice, Czechoslovakia

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths

Deaths 201 - 248 of 248

  • 1963-09-12 Mervyn A. Ellison, British astronomer (spectrohelioscope), dies at 63
  • 1964-07-24 Erwin Finlay-Freundlich, British astronomer (theory of relativity), dies at 79
  • 1965-06-26 Bertil Lindblad, Swedish astronomer (Milky Way system), dies at 69
  • 1966-06-20 Georges Lemaître, Belgian Catholic Priest, astronomer and physics professor, who initially proposed the universe expansion and big-bang theories, dies at 71
  • 1967-04-21 Andre L Danjon, French astronomer, dies at 77
  • 1967-10-21 Ejnar Hertzsprung, Danish astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell diagram), dies at 94
  • 1969-01-03 Jean Focas, Greco-French astronomer (b. 1909)
  • 1969-11-08 Vesto Slipher, American astronomer who provided the first evidence to support the expanding-universe theory, dies at 93
  • 1970-07-18 Lucien H d'Azambuja, Fren astronomer (chromosphere of Sun), dies at 86
  • 1970-12-12 Louis Zimmer, Flemish astronomer and clock maker (Jubelklok, Wonder Clock), dies at 82
  • 1972-10-20 Harlow Shapley, American astronomer (Sun's position in galaxy), dies at 86
  • 1973-02-06 Ira S Bowen, US physicist/astronomer (Mt Wilson/Palomar), dies at 74
  • 1973-12-17 Charles Greeley Abbot, American astronomer (Solar Constant), dies at 101
  • 1973-12-23 Gerard Kuiper, Dutch-American astronomer after whom the Kuiper belt is named, dies at 68
  • 1974-02-08 Fritz Zwicky, Swiss astronomer (supernova, dark matter), dies at 75
  • 1979-12-07 Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, British-American astronomer and astrophysicist who proposed that stars are composed largely of hydrogen and are not glowing balls of molten rock, dies at 79
  • 1980-03-21 Peter Stoner, American mathematician, astronomer and Christian apologist, dies at 92
  • 1982-08-24 Giorgio Abetti, Italian astronomer (Solar physics), dies at 99
  • 1983-08-05 Bart [Bartholomeus Jan] Bok, Dutch-American astronomer (Milky Way), dies at 77
  • 1984-10-14 Martin Ryle, English radio astronomer, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics (b. 1918)
  • 1985-09-10 Ernest Julius Öpik, Estonian astronomer and astrophysicist known for his studies of meteors and the structure and evolution of the cosmos, dies at 91
  • 1989-02-27 Paul Oswald Ahnert, German astronomer, dies at 91
  • 1990-06-16 Thomas Cowling, British mathematician and astronomer, dies at 83
  • 1990-08-26 Minoru Honda, Japanese astronomer (b. 1913)
  • 1992-02-21 Franc Holden, British astronomer (Binary Stars), dies
  • 1992-09-21 Hans Rosenberg, astronomer/alderman of Utrecht, dies
  • 1992-11-05 Jan Hendrik Oort, Dutch astronomer (hypothesized "Oort Cloud"), dies at 92
  • 1995-10-07 Gérard de Vaucouleurs, French astronomer, dies at 77
  • 1996-08-12 Victor Ambartsumian, Russian astronomer (Stalin Prize 1946, 50), dies at 87
  • 1996-12-20 Carl Sagan, American scientist, astronomer, author, (Contact), dies at 62
  • 1997-07-18 Eugene M. Shoemaker, American planetary scientist and geologist (Shoemaker-Levy comet), dies at 69
  • 2000-07-31 Hendrik Christoffel Van de Hulst, Dutch astronomer (correctly predicted the existence of the 21 cm hyper-fine line of neutral atomic hydrogen in interstellar space), dies at 81
  • 2001-08-20 Sir Fred Hoyle, English astronomer and sci-fi writer (b. 1915)
  • 2002-01-16 Robert Hanbury Brown, British-Australian astronomer and physicist (b. 1916)
  • 2002-09-05 David Todd Wilkinson, American astronomer, author of the first study of the Cosmic microwave background radiation (b. 1935)
  • 2003-05-26 Gerald S. Hawkins, English-American astronomer (archaeoastronomy), dies at 75
  • 2004-05-26 Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh, Russian astronomer (b. 1931)
  • 2004-08-30 Fred Lawrence Whipple, American astronomer (dirty-snowball theory), dies at 97
  • 2007-04-16 Frank Bateson, New Zealand astronomer (b. 1909)
  • 2010-10-01 Audouin Dollfus, French Astronomer (discovered Janus, a moon of Saturn), dies at 85
  • 2010-11-13 Allan Sandage, American astronomer (b. 1926)
  • 2010-11-18 Brian G. Marsden, British astronomer (b. 1937)
  • 2011-03-04 Alenush Terian, Iranian astronomer and physicist (b. 1920)
  • 2012-01-03 Harold Zirin, American astronomer, dies at 82
  • 2012-08-06 Sir Bernard Lovell, English radio astronomer, dies at 98
  • 2012-12-09 Sir Patrick Moore, English amateur astronomer and author, dies from an infection at 89
  • 2016-12-24 Vera Rubin, American astronomer who discovered dark matter, dies at 88
  • 2020-02-19 Heather Couper, British astronomer and presenter (The Sky at Night), dies at 70

Famous Astronomers