Biology in History

Biology: Biologists

Historical Events


Book releaseHistoric Publication

1859-11-24 English naturalist Charles Darwin publishes "On the Origin of Species" radically changing the view of evolution and laying the foundation for evolutionary biology

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1954-06-07 1st microbiology laboratory dedicated (New Brunswick NJ)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979-09-21 Stephen Jay Gould and Richard Lewontin publish influential paper (cited more than 4,000 times) "The Spandrels of San Marco and the panglossian paradigm", introducing idea of "spandrels" into evolutionary biology

Paleontologist and Evolutionary Biologist Stephen Jay Gould
Paleontologist and Evolutionary Biologist
Stephen Jay Gould
  • 2013-07-27 First Przewalski’s horse (whose wild populations were believed extinct in 1969) is born via artificial insemination at the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute as part of a worldwide effort to rebuild the wild herds
  • 2016-04-11 Updated "Tree of Life" published in "Nature Microbiology" by scientists from Berkeley University in California
  • 2016-09-08 Giraffe DNA study published in "Current Biology" reveals there are 4 species not just 1, as previously assumed

Historic DiscoveryBrainless Jellyfish that Sleeps

2017-09-21 Discovery of the first brainless animal that sleeps, the jellyfish Cassiopea, research published in "Current Biology" by Caltech scientists
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The Cassiopea jellyfish spends most of its life resting upside down while underwater
The Cassiopea jellyfish spends most of its life resting upside down while underwater
  • 2018-02-16 More than 100,00 orangutans killed in Borneo since 1999 according to study published in "Current Biology"
  • 2019-05-16 New DNA research showing bedbugs are older than humans - 115 million years old and outlived dinosaurs, published in "Current Biology"

Famous Birthdays

  • 1746-04-23 Félix Vicq-d'Azyr, French physician and anatomist (discover the theory of homology in biology), born in Valognes, Normandy, France (d. 1794)
  • 1875-06-20 Othenio Able, Austrian artist, fossil creator and founder of paleobiology, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1946)
  • 1900-11-08 Albert F. Frey-Wyssling, Swiss botanist and pioneer of submicroscopic morphology and the discipline of molecular biology, born in Küsnacht, Switzerland (d. 1988)

Famous Deaths

  • 1794-06-20 Félix Vicq-d'Azyr, French physician and anatomist (discover the theory of homology in biology), dies at 46
  • 1946-07-04 Othenio Able, Austrian artist, fossil creator and founder of paleobiology, dies at 71
  • 1973-08-16 Selman Waksman, Ukrainian-American microbiologist (Nobel 1951-ingenious, systematic and successful studies of the soil microbes that led to the discovery of streptomycin), dies at 85