Chemistry History

Historical Events


Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1902-12-10 German organic chemist Emil Fischer is award the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his work on sugar and purine syntheses

Chemist and Nobel Laureate Emil Fischer
Chemist and Nobel Laureate
Emil Fischer

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1906-12-10 Frenchman Henri Moissan is presented with the Nobel prize for Chemistry for isolating Fluoride

Chemist and Nobel Laureate Henri Moissan
Chemist and Nobel Laureate
Henri Moissan
  • 1915-11-12 Theodore W Richards is 1st American to win Nobel Prize in chemistry

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1922-11-09 Frederick Soddy wins the 1921 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (announced in 1922 due to a technicality)

Nobel Laureate Chemist Frederick Soddy
Nobel Laureate Chemist
Frederick Soddy
  • 1922-12-10 Nobel prizes awarded to Niels Bohr (Physics), Francis William Aston (Chemistry) and Fridtjof Nansen (Peace)

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1930-12-10 German chemist Hans Fischer is awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his work on haemin

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Hans Fischer
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Hans Fischer
  • 1934-11-15 Nobel for chemistry awarded to Harold C Urey (deuterium)

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1935-12-10 Nobel Prize for Chemistry awarded to Irene Joliot-Curie (daughter of Marie Curie) and her husband Frédéric Joliot for the discovery of artificial radioactivity

Physicist/Chemist Irene Joliot-Curie
Physicist/Chemist
Irene Joliot-Curie
  • 1936-12-10 Stockholm: physicist PBJ Debije receives Nobel prize for chemistry

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1954-12-10 Linus Pauling wins Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Chemist & Peace Activist Linus Pauling
Chemist & Peace Activist
Linus Pauling

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1960-12-10 Willard Libby wins the Nobel prize in Chemistry for his work developing carbon-14 dating (radiocarbon dating).

Chemist Willard Libby
Chemist
Willard Libby

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1963-12-10 Karl Ziegler and Giulio Natta receive the 1963 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their work on the technology of high polymers

Chemist/Nobel Laureate Karl Ziegler
Chemist/Nobel Laureate
Karl Ziegler

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1964-12-10 Dorothy Hodgkin is the first British woman to be awarded the Nobel prize in Chemistry for work on penicillin and vitamin B12

  • 1965-10-21 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Robert B Woodward
  • 1966-12-10 Nobel for chemistry awarded to Robert S. Mulliken
  • 1968-10-30 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Lars Onsager (thermodynamics)

  • 1974-10-15 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Paul J Flory (macro molecules)
  • 1976-10-18 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to American William Lipscomb
  • 1984-10-17 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Bruce Merrifield
  • 1985-10-16 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Herbert Hauptman & Jerome Karle
  • 1988-10-19 3 Americans win Nobel in physics; 3 W Germans win chemistry Nobel
  • 1993-10-13 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Kary Mullis & Michael Smith
  • 1997-10-15 Nobel Prize for Chemistry awarded to Jens Christain Skou, Paul D. Boyer and John E. Walker for their work on enzymes in the body

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

2003-10-08 Peter Agre and Roderick MacKinnon win the 2003 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for discoveries concerning channels in cell membranes

Molecular biologist Peter Agre
Molecular biologist
Peter Agre

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

2012-10-10 Robert Lefkowitz and Brian Kobilka win the 2012 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for work on G protein-coupled receptors

Physician-scientist Robert Lefkowitz
Physician-scientist
Robert Lefkowitz
Professor Brian Kobilka
Professor
Brian Kobilka
  • 2013-10-09 Martin Karplus, Michael Levitt and Arieh Warshel win the 2013 Nobel Prize in chemistry for their work on multiscale models for complex chemical systems
  • 2014-10-08 Eric Betzig, Stefan Hell and William Moerner win the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy
  • 2015-10-07 Nobel prize in Chemistry awarded to Tomas Lindahl (Sweden), Paul Modrich (US) and Aziz Sancar (Turkey) for work on cells DNA repair
  • 2017-10-04 Nobel Prize for Chemistry awarded to Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank and Richard Henderson for their work on cryo-electron microscopy
  • 2018-10-03 Nobel Prize for Chemistry awarded to Frances H. Arnold, George P. Smith and Sir Gregory P. Winter for discoveries in enzyme research
  • 2018-10-03 Nobel Prize for Chemistry awarded to Frances Arnold, Gregory Winter and George Smith for their use of evolution to produce new enzymes and antibodies
  • 2019-10-09 Nobel Prize for Chemistry awarded to John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino for development of lithium-ion batteries, Goodenough oldest-ever winner at 97

Famous Birthdays

  • 1743-08-26 Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, father of modern chemistry (identified oxygen and hydrogen), born in Paris, France (d. 1794)
  • 1803-05-12 Justus von Liebig, German agricultural and biological chemist who is considered the founder of organic chemistry, born in Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1873)
  • 1805-12-21 Thomas Graham, British chemist and father of colloid chemistry (d. 1869)
  • 1817-10-30 Hermann Kopp, German chemist (Jahresbericht of Chemistry), born in Hanau, Hesse-Kassel, Germany (d. 1892)
  • 1833-01-07 Henry Enfield Roscoe, English Chemist (vanadium and photochemistry), born in London, England
  • 1860-03-31 Isidor Traube, Hildesheim Hanover, German Chemist (founded capillary chemistry, research on liquids)
  • 1870-06-21 Clara Immerwahr, German chemist, first woman to be awarded a doctorate in chemistry in Germany, born in Polkendorf, Silesia Province, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1915)

Person of interestHans Fischer

1881-07-27 Hans Fischer, German organic chemist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1930), born in Hoechst, Germany (d. 1945)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Hans Fischer
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Hans Fischer
  • 1881-11-16 Joel H. Hildebrand, American chemist and educator (research led to new treatments for divers with the 'bends' through the use of helium and oxygen breathing mixtures), born in Camden, New Jersey (d. 1983)
  • 1881-12-31 Colin G Fink, American chemist (electro chemistry), born in Hoboken, New Jersey
  • 1887-11-19 James B. Sumner, American chemist (Nobel 1946 - discovered that enzymes can be crystallized), born in Canton, Massachusetts (d. 1955)
  • 1894-06-20 Lloyd Hall, African-American chemist and pioneer in food chemistry (science of food preservation), born in Elgin, Illinois (d. 1971)

Person of interestIrene Joliot-Curie

1897-09-12 Irene Joliot-Curie, French physicist, (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1935), born in Paris, France (d. 1956), daughter of Marie Curie

Physicist/Chemist Irene Joliot-Curie
Physicist/Chemist
Irene Joliot-Curie
  • 1897-11-09 Ronald G W Norrish, British chemist (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1967), born in Cambridge, England (d. 1978)
  • 1914-05-19 Max Perutz, Austrian-born molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (d. 2002)
  • 1918-10-08 Jens Christian Skou, Danish scientist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1997), born in Lemvig, Denmark (d. 2018)
  • 1922-07-25 John B. Goodenough, American scientist (lithium-ion battery), 2019 Novel Prize for Chemistry, born in Jena, Germany
  • 1923-03-09 Walter Kohn, Austrian-born American scientist (Nobel Prize Chemistry 1998), born in Vienna (d. 2016)
  • 1925-08-17 John Howard Purnell, Welsh chemist (Royal Society of Chemistry), born in Rhondda, South Wales (d. 1996)
  • 1926-06-30 Paul Berg, American biochemist (development of recombinant DNA techniques, Nobel Chemistry 1980), born in NYC, New York
  • 1926-07-16 Irwin Rose, American biologist (Nobel Prize Chemistry 2004), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2015)
  • 1926-08-11 Aaron Klug, Biochemist (Nobel prize for Chemistry 1982), born in Lithuanian (d. 2018)
  • 1927-06-28 F. Sherwood Rowland, American Nobel laureate in chemistry 1995, born in Delaware, Ohio (d. 2012)
  • 1936-10-10 Gerhard Ertl, German surface chemist (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2007), born in Stuttgart, Germany
  • 1937-12-31 Avram Hershko, Hungarian-born Israeli biochemist and Nobel laureate in Chemistry, born in Karcag, Hungary
  • 1940-08-23 Thomas A. Steitz, American Biochemist (2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for ribosome discoveries), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 2018)
  • 1941-03-10 George Smith, American Chemist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 2018), born in Norwalk, Connecticut

Person of interestRobert Lefkowitz

1943-04-15 Robert Lefkowitz, American physician (Nobel Prize for Chemistry), born in NYC, New York

Physician-scientist Robert Lefkowitz
Physician-scientist
Robert Lefkowitz
  • 1948-01-30 Akira Yoshino, Japanese chemist (lithium-ion battery), 2019 Nobel Prize for Chemistry, born in Suita, Japan
  • 1951-04-14 Gregory "Greg" Winter, British biochemist (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2018) known for the therapeutic use of antibodies, born in Leicester, England

Person of interestBrian Kobilka

1955-05-30 Brian Kobilka, American Nobel Prize winning chemistry professor (G protein-coupled receptors), born in Little Falls, Minnesota

Professor Brian Kobilka
Professor
Brian Kobilka
  • 1956-07-25 Frances Arnold, American Chemist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 2018), born in Edgewood, Pennsylvania
  • 1958-09-25 Eamonn Healy, Irish professor of chemistry, organic chemistry, and biochemistry at St. Edward's University in Austin, Texas, born in Newcastle West, Ireland

Famous Deaths

  • 1794-05-08 Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, father of modern chemistry (identified oxygen and hydrogen), guillotined at 50
  • 1873-04-18 Justus von Liebig, German agricultural & biological chemist who is considered the founder of organic chemistry, dies at 69
  • 1915-05-02 Clara Immerwahr, German chemist, first woman to be awarded a doctorate in chemistry in Germany, dies at 44
  • 1943-10-27 Isidor Traube, German Chemist (founded capillary chemistry, research on liquids), dies at 83

Person of interestHans Fischer

1945-03-31 Hans Fischer, German organic chemist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1930), commits suicide at 63

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Hans Fischer
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Hans Fischer
  • 1950-08-05 Emil Abderhalden, Swiss physiologist and biochemist, dies at 73
  • 1953-09-16 Colin G Fink, US chemist (electro-chemistry), dies
  • 1971-01-02 Lloyd Hall, African-American chemist & pioneer in food chemistry (science of food preservation), dies at 76
  • 1996-01-12 John Howard Purnell, Welsh chemist (Royal Society of Chemistry), dies at 70
  • 1998-01-09 Kenichi Fukui, Japanese Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1981) dies at 79
  • 2003-05-28 Ilya Prigogine, Russian-born physicist and chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (b. 1917)
  • 2011-10-23 Herbert A. Hauptman, American Mathematician whose models for determining the chemical crystal structures vital for life revolutionized chemistry, dies at 94
  • 2012-03-10 F. Sherwood Rowland, American Nobel laureate in chemistry 1995, dies from Parkinson's disease at 84
  • 2015-06-02 Irwin Rose, American biologist (Nobel Prize Chemistry 2004), dies at 88
  • 2016-04-19 Walter Kohn, Austrian-born American scientist (Nobel Prize Chemistry 1998), dies at 93
  • 2018-05-28 Jens Christian Skou, Danish scientist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1997), dies at 99
  • 2018-10-09 Thomas A. Steitz, American Biochemist (2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for ribosome discoveries), dies at 78
  • 2018-11-20 Aaron Klug, Lithuanian born British biochemist (Nobel prize for Chemistry 1982), dies at 92