Biochemists in History

Chemistry: Alchemists - Chemists

Famous Birthdays

  • 1854-11-03 Jokichi Takamine, Takaoka Toyama, Japanese-American Biochemist who isolated adrenalin (epinephrine), which causes the body to respond to emergencies, the first pure hormone isolated from natural sources
  • 1873-02-15 Hans von Euler-Chelpin, German-born Swedish biochemist who investigated the fermentation of sugar and enzymes (Nobel 1929), born in Augsburg, Kingdom of Bavaria (d. 1964)
  • 1877-03-09 Emil Abderhalden, Swiss physiologist/bio-chemist
  • 1879-03-20 Maud Menten, Canadian biochemist (d. 1960)
  • 1880-03-12 Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (d. 1952)
  • 1883-07-03 Moses Leverock Crossley, US bio-chemist
  • 1884-04-12 Otto Meyerhof, German psychologist/biochemist (Nobel-1922)
  • 1887-04-04 William Cumming Rose, Greenville South Carolina, American Biochemist who discovered threonine (an amino acid)
  • 1891-07-05 John Northrop, American biochemist, crystallized enzymes (Nobel 1946)
  • 1892-11-20 James B Collip, Canadian biochemist/physiologist (insulin)
  • 1893-09-16 Albert Szent-Gyorgyi, Hungarian biochemist (Vitamin C, Nobel 1937)
  • 1893-11-13 Edward A Doisy Sr, American bio-chemist (Vitamin K1, Nobel 1943), born in Hume, Illinois (d. 1986)
  • 1895-02-21 Carl Peter Henrik Dam Danish biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1976)
  • 1896-10-22 Charles Glenn King, biochemist (discovered vitamin C)
  • 1896-12-15 Carl Ferdinand Cori, US bio-chemist
  • 1900-12-03 Richard Kuhn, Austrian biochemist, worked with vitamins (Nobel 1938)
  • 1901-05-18 Vincent du Vigneaud, US biochemist
  • 1901-05-27 Conrad Elvehjem, McFarland, Wisconsin, USA, American biochemist and nutrition scientist (discovered niacin)
  • 1903-03-24 Adolph F J Butenandt, German bio-chemist (Nobel 1939)
  • 1903-04-27 Hans Walter Kosterliz, biochemist
  • 1903-07-06 Axel Theorell, Swedish biochemist, studied enzymes (Nobel 1955)
  • 1904-08-16 Wendell Stanley, American biochemist, first to crystallize a virus (Nobel 1946), born in Ridgeville, Indiana (d. 1971)
  • 1904-10-03 Charles Pedersen, UK, biochemist (Nobel 1987)
  • 1905-02-24 Eric Boyland, English biochemist (Cancer research), born in Manchester (d. 2002)
  • 1905-08-11 Erwin Chargaff, Austrian biochemist (d. 2002)
  • 1906-06-19 Ernst Boris Chain, German-born biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)
  • 1910-02-09 Jacques Monod, French biochemist
  • 1910-05-12 Dorothy Crowfoot-Hodgkin, British biochemist (penicillin/B12/Nobel 1964), born in Cairo (d. 1994)
  • 1911-01-30 Alexander George Ogston, biochemist
  • 1911-06-25 William H Stein, US biochemist (Nobel 1972)
  • 1912-01-21 Konrad Bloch, German biochemist (studied cholesterol-Nobel 1964)
  • 1913-04-21 Choh Hao Li, bio-chemist professor, isolated growth hormones)
  • 1913-09-04 Stanford Moore, US biochemist (Nobel 1977)
  • 1914-10-28 Richard Lawrence Millington Synge, British bio-chemist (Nobel 1952)
  • 1916-01-10 Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1916-01-20 Walter Bartley, biochemist
  • 1917-10-02 Christian de Duve, Thames Ditton, Surrey, cytologist and biochemist (Nobel, 1974), (d. 2013)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1918-01-23 Gertrude B. Elion, American biochemist and drug researcher who developed groundbreaking leukemia and herpes drug treatments (Nobel 1988), born in NYC, New York (d. 1999)

Biochemist and Drug Researcher Gertrude B. Elion
Biochemist and Drug Researcher
Gertrude B. Elion
  • 1918-03-03 Arthur Kornberg, US biochemist (Nobel 1959)
  • 1918-08-13 Frederick Sanger, British biochemist (Sanger sequencing, Nobel Prize 1958, 1980), born in Rendcomb, Gloucestershire, England (d. 2013)
  • 1919-04-22 Donald Cram, American biochemist (Nobel 1987)
  • 1919-11-22 Wilfred Norman Aldridge, biochemist/toxicologist
  • 1922-01-09 Har G Khorana, India/Canada bio-chemist (Nobel 1968)
  • 1922-01-28 Robert W Holley, American biochemist, worked with RNA (Nobel '68)
  • 1922-06-09 Fernand Seguin, Canadian biochemist - Radio and TV animator (d. 1988)
  • 1925-06-23 Oliver Smithies, British biochemist (2007 Noble Prize for gene targeting), born in Halifax (d. 2017)
  • 1926-03-22 Julius Marmur, biochemist/geneticist
  • 1926-07-16 Philip Randle, biochemist
  • 1926-08-11 Aaron Klug, OM/PRS/biochemist
  • 1928-08-14 Laurens van Deenen, Dutch biochemist, born in Maastricht, Germany
  • 1929-07-01 Gerald M Edelman, US biochemist (Nobel 1972), born in Ozone Park, NY, (d. 2014)
  • 1934-05-21 Bengt I. Samuelsson, Swedish biochemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1935-11-10 Bernard Babior, American biochemist
  • 1937-02-20 Robert Huber, biochemist (Nobel 1988), born in Munich. Germany
  • 1937-12-31 Avram Hershko, Hungarian-born Israeli biochemist and Nobel laureate in Chemistry, born in Karcag, Hungary
  • 1943-02-19 Tim Hunt, British biochemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1943-09-06 Richard J. Roberts, English biochemist and molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, born in Derby, England
  • 1944-08-22 Henk Veldhoen, Dutch politician (PvdA), born in Heinenoord, Netherlands (d. 1996)
  • 1948-02-25 G B Warren, British biochemist
  • 1950-11-03 James Rothman, American Biochemist and Nobel Laureate (2013) for work on vesicle trafficking, born in Haverhill, Massachusetts

Famous Deaths

  • 1947-05-16 Frederick Hopkins, English biochemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1861)
  • 1949-05-20 Randolph West, American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (b. 1890)
  • 1950-08-05 Emil Abderhalden, Swiss physiologist/bio-chemistry, dies at 73
  • 1951-10-06 Otto Fritz Meyerhof, German-born physician and biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1884)
  • 1952-02-10 Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (b. 1880)
  • 1952-11-09 Chaim Weizmann, bio-chemist/1st president Israel, dies at 77
  • 1960-07-26 Maud Menten, Canadian biochemist (b. 1879)
  • 1962-07-27 Conrad Elvehjem, American biochemist and nutrition scientist (discovered niacin), dies at 61
  • 1964-11-06 Hans von Euler-Chelpin, German-born Swedish biochemist who investigated the fermentation of sugar and enzymes (Nobel 1929), dies at 91
  • 1965-06-19 James B Collip, Canadian bio-chemist (insulin), dies at 72
  • 1970-08-01 Otto Heinrich Warburg, German physician (Nobel-1931), dies at 86
  • 1976-04-17 Henrik Dam, Danish biochemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1895)
  • 1976-05-31 Jacques Monod, French biochemist, dies
  • 1980-02-02 William H Stein, US biochemist (Nobel 1972), dies at 68
  • 1980-04-21 Aleksandr Oparin, Russian biochemist (b. 1894)
  • 1982-08-23 Stanford Moore, US biochemist (Nobel 1977), dies
  • 1984-10-20 Carl Ferdinand Cori, Austrian-born biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1896)
  • 1985-09-25 William Cumming Rose, American Biochemist, dies at 98
  • 1986-10-22 Albert Szent-Gyorgyi, bio-chemist (Vitamin C, Nobel 1937), dies at 93
  • 1987-11-28 Choh Hao Li, bio-chemist prof (isolated growth hormones), dies at 74
  • 1988-01-24 Charles Glenn King, biochemist (discovered vitamin C), dies at 91
  • 1991-02-11 Robert W. Holley, American biochemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1922)
  • 1991-08-23 Florence B Seibert, bio-chemist (TB), dies at 93
  • 1994-07-29 Dorothy Crowfoot-Hodgkin, British biochemist (B-12, Nobel 1964), dies at 78
  • 1994-08-19 Walter Bartley, biochemist, dies at 78
  • 1994-09-04 Laurens van Deenen, Dutch biochemist, dies at 66
  • 1995-01-18 Adolph F J Butenandt, German bio-chemist (Nobel 1939), dies at 91
  • 1996-05-20 Julius Marmur, biochemist/geneticist, dies at 70
  • 1996-06-29 Alexander George Ogston, biochemist, dies at 85
  • 1996-10-26 Hans Walter Kosterliz, biochemist, dies at 93
  • 1997-05-22 Alfred Hershey, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1908)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1999-02-21 Gertrude B. Elion, American biochemist and drug researcher who developed groundbreaking leukemia and herpes drug treatments (Nobel 1988), dies at 81

Biochemist and Drug Researcher Gertrude B. Elion
Biochemist and Drug Researcher
Gertrude B. Elion
  • 1999-04-10 Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat, German-born biochemist (b. 1910)
  • 2000-10-15 Konrad Emil Bloch, German-born biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1912)
  • 2002-05-31 Eric Boyland, English biochemist (cancer research), dies at 97
  • 2002-06-20 Erwin Chargaff, Austrian biochemist (b. 1905)
  • 2004-06-29 Bernard Babior, American biochemist (b. 1935)
  • 2004-08-15 Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1916)
  • 2004-12-29 Julius Axelrod, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1912)
  • 2013-05-04 Christian de Duve, British cytologist and biochemist, dies from euthanasia at 95
  • 2017-01-10 Oliver Smithies, British biochemist (2007 Noble Prize for gene targeting), dies at 91