Biochemists in History

Chemistry: Alchemists - Chemists

Famous Birthdays

  • 1854-11-03 Jokichi Takamine, Japanese-American biochemist who isolated adrenalin (epinephrine), which causes the body to respond to emergencies, the first pure hormone isolated from natural sources, born in Takaoka, Toyama, Japan (d. 1922)
  • 1861-06-20 Frederick Gowland Hopkins, British biochemist (Nobel Prize 1929), born in Eastbourne, England (d. 1947)
  • 1865-10-12 Arthur Harden, English biochemist (Nobel Prize 1929), born in Manchester, England (d. 1940)
  • 1873-02-15 Hans von Euler-Chelpin, German-born Swedish biochemist who investigated the fermentation of sugar and enzymes (Nobel 1929), born in Augsburg, Kingdom of Bavaria (d. 1964)
  • 1877-03-09 Emil Abderhalden, Swiss physiologist and biochemist, born in Oberuzwil, Switzerland (d. 1950)
  • 1879-03-20 Maud Menten, Canadian biochemist (d. 1960)
  • 1880-03-12 Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (d. 1952)
  • 1884-04-12 Otto Meyerhof, German psychologist and biochemist (Nobel 1922), born in Hannover, Germany (d. 1951)
  • 1884-07-03 Moses Leverock Crossley, Dutch bio-chemist, born in Saba, Dutch West Indies
  • 1887-04-04 William Cumming Rose, American biochemist who discovered threonine (an amino acid), born in Greenville, South Carolina (d. 1985)
  • 1891-07-05 John H. Northrop, American biochemist (crystallized enzymes (Nobel 1946)), born in Yonkers, New York (d. 1987)
  • 1892-11-20 James Collip, Canadian biochemist and physiologist (insulin), born in Belleville, Ontario (d. 1965)
  • 1893-09-16 Albert Szent-Györgyi, Hungarian biochemist (Vitamin C, Nobel 1937), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1986)
  • 1893-11-13 Edward A Doisy Sr, American bio-chemist (Vitamin K1, Nobel 1943), born in Hume, Illinois (d. 1986)
  • 1895-02-21 Carl Peter Henrik Dam Danish biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1976)
  • 1896-10-22 Charles Glen King, American biochemist and pioneer of nutrition research who isolated vitamin C, born in Entiat, Washington (d. 1988)
  • 1896-12-15 Carl Ferdinand Cori, Czech-American bio-chemist (Nobel 1947-discovery of how glycogen (animal starch) – a derivative of glucose – is broken down and resynthesized in the body, for use as a store and source of energy), born in Prague (d. 1984)
  • 1900-12-03 Richard Kuhn, Austrian-German biochemist (Nobel 1938-work on carotenoids and vitamins), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1967)
  • 1901-05-18 Vincent du Vigneaud, US biochemist
  • 1901-05-27 Conrad Elvehjem, American biochemist and nutrition scientist (discovered niacin), born in McFarland, Wisconsin (d. 1962)
  • 1903-03-24 Adolph F J Butenandt, German bio-chemist (Nobel 1939)
  • 1903-04-27 Hans Kosterlitz, German-British biochemist (endorphins), born in Berlin (d. 1996)
  • 1903-07-06 Axel Theorell, Swedish biochemist (Nobel 1955-discovering the oxidation enzyme and its effects), born in Linköping, Sweden (d. 1982)
  • 1904-08-16 Wendell Stanley, American biochemist, first to crystallize a virus (Nobel 1946), born in Ridgeville, Indiana (d. 1971)
  • 1904-10-03 Charles J. Pedersen, American biochemist (Nobel 1987), born in Pusan, Korea (d. 1989)
  • 1905-02-24 Eric Boyland, English biochemist (Cancer research), born in Manchester (d. 2002)
  • 1905-08-11 Erwin Chargaff, Austrian biochemist (d. 2002)
  • 1905-09-24 Severo Ochoa, Spanish-American physician and biochemist (Nobel 1959), born in Luarca, Asturias, Spain (d. 1993)
  • 1906-06-19 Ernst Boris Chain, German-born biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)
  • 1909-12-14 Edward L Tatum, American molecular geneticist and biochemist (Nobel Prize 1958), born in Boulder, Colorado (d. 1975)
  • 1910-02-09 Jacques Monod, French biochemist
  • 1910-05-12 Dorothy Crowfoot-Hodgkin, British biochemist (penicillin/B12/Nobel 1964), born in Cairo (d. 1994)
  • 1911-01-30 Sir Alexander Ogston, British surgeon (discovered Staphylococcus), born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1929)
  • 1911-06-25 William H. Stein, American biochemist (Nobel 1972), born in New York (d. 1980)
  • 1912-01-21 Konrad Bloch, German biochemist (studied cholesterol-Nobel 1964)
  • 1913-04-21 Choh Hao Li, bio-chemist professor, isolated growth hormones)
  • 1913-09-04 Stanford Moore, American biochemist (Nobel 1977), born in Chicago (d. 1982)
  • 1914-10-28 Richard Laurence Millington Synge, British biochemist (Nobel 1952), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1994)
  • 1916-01-10 Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist & Nobel laureate, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2004)
  • 1916-01-20 Walter Bartley, English biochemist, born in Brighton, London (d. 1994)
  • 1917-10-02 Christian de Duve, British cytologist and biochemist (Nobel 1974), born in Thames Ditton, Surrey (d. 2013)

Person of interestGertrude B. Elion

1918-01-23 Gertrude B. Elion, American biochemist and drug researcher who developed groundbreaking leukemia and herpes drug treatments (Nobel 1988), born in NYC, New York (d. 1999)

Biochemist and Drug Researcher Gertrude B. Elion
Biochemist and Drug Researcher
Gertrude B. Elion
  • 1918-03-03 Arthur Kornberg, US biochemist (Nobel 1959)
  • 1918-07-31 Paul D. Boyer, American biochemist and Nobel Prize Laureate for research on the "enzymatic mechanism underlying the biosynthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)" (1997), born in Provo, Utah (d. 2018)
  • 1918-08-13 Frederick Sanger, British biochemist (Sanger sequencing, Nobel Prize 1958, 1980), born in Rendcomb, Gloucestershire, England (d. 2013)
  • 1919-04-22 Donald J. Cram, American biochemist (development and use of molecules with structure-specific interactions of high selectivity - Nobel 1987), born in Chester, Vermont (d. 2001)
  • 1919-11-22 Wilfred Norman Aldridge, biochemist/toxicologist
  • 1922-01-09 Har Gobind Khorana, Indian-American biochemist (Nobel 1968), born in Raipur, Punjab, British India (d. 2011)
  • 1922-01-28 Robert W Holley, American biochemist, worked with RNA (Nobel '68)
  • 1922-06-09 Fernand Seguin, Canadian biochemist - Radio and TV animator (d. 1988)
  • 1924-09-11 Rudolf Vrba, Slovak-Jewish biochemist and Holocaust survivor, born in Topoľčany, Czechoslovakia (d. 2006)
  • 1925-06-23 Oliver Smithies, British biochemist (2007 Noble Prize for gene targeting), born in Halifax (d. 2017)
  • 1926-03-22 Julius Marmur, biochemist/geneticist
  • 1926-06-30 Paul Berg, American biochemist (development of recombinant DNA techniques, Nobel Chemistry 1980), born in NYC, New York
  • 1926-07-16 Philip Randle, British biochemist (Randle cycle), born in Nuneaton, Warwickshire (d. 2006)
  • 1926-08-11 Aaron Klug, Biochemist (Nobel prize for Chemistry 1982), born in Lithuanian (d. 2018)
  • 1927-04-10 Marshall Warren Nirenberg, Jewish-American biochemist and geneticist (Nobel 1968), born in NYC, New York (d. 2010)
  • 1927-10-08 César Milstein, Argentine biochemist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1984), born in Bahía Blanca, Argentina (d. 2002)
  • 1928-08-14 Laurens van Deenen, Dutch biochemist, born in Maastricht, Germany (d. 1994)
  • 1929-07-01 Gerald Edelman, American biochemist (Nobel 1972), born in Ozone Park, New York (d. 2014)
  • 1932-04-26 Michael Smith, English-Canadian biochemist (Nobel 1993- Site-directed mutagenesis), born in Blackpool, England (d. 2000)
  • 1934-05-21 Bengt I. Samuelsson, Swedish biochemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1935-11-10 Bernard Babior, American physician and biochemist, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2004)
  • 1937-02-20 Robert Huber, biochemist (Nobel 1988), born in Munich. Germany
  • 1937-12-31 Avram Hershko, Hungarian-born Israeli biochemist and Nobel laureate in Chemistry, born in Karcag, Hungary
  • 1940-04-18 Joseph L. Goldstein, American biochemist and physician (Nobel-1985), born in Kingstree, South Carolina
  • 1940-08-23 Thomas A. Steitz, American Biochemist (2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for ribosome discoveries), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 2018)
  • 1943-02-19 Tim Hunt, British biochemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1943-09-06 Richard J. Roberts, English biochemist and molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, born in Derby, England
  • 1944-08-22 Henk Veldhoen, Dutch politician (PvdA), born in Heinenoord, Netherlands (d. 1996)
  • 1947-04-24 Roger D. Kornberg, American biochemist (Nobel 2006), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1948-02-25 G B Warren, British biochemist
  • 1950-11-03 James Rothman, American Biochemist and Nobel Laureate (2013) for work on vesicle trafficking, born in Haverhill, Massachusetts
  • 1951-04-14 Gregory "Greg" Winter, British biochemist (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2018) known for the therapeutic use of antibodies, born in Leicester, England
  • 1952-01-18 Michael Behe, American biochemist & advocate of intelligent design, born in Altoona, Pennsylvania
  • 1958-09-25 Eamonn Healy, Irish professor of chemistry, organic chemistry, and biochemistry at St. Edward's University in Austin, Texas, born in Newcastle West, Ireland

Famous Deaths

  • 1940-06-17 Arthur Harden, English biochemist (Nobel Prize 1929), dies at 74
  • 1947-05-16 Frederick Gowland Hopkins, British biochemist (Nobel Prize 1929), dies at 85
  • 1949-05-20 Randolph West, American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (b. 1890)
  • 1950-08-05 Emil Abderhalden, Swiss physiologist and biochemist, dies at 73
  • 1951-10-06 Otto Fritz Meyerhof, German-born physician and biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1884)
  • 1951-10-06 Otto Meyerhof, German psychologist and biochemist (Nobel 1922), dies at 67
  • 1952-02-10 Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (b. 1880)
  • 1952-11-09 Chaim Weizmann, Israeli statesman and Zionist leader (1st President of Israel 1949-52), dies at 77
  • 1960-07-26 Maud Menten, Canadian biochemist (b. 1879)
  • 1962-07-27 Conrad Elvehjem, American biochemist and nutrition scientist (discovered niacin), dies at 61
  • 1964-11-06 Hans von Euler-Chelpin, German-born Swedish biochemist who investigated the fermentation of sugar and enzymes (Nobel 1929), dies at 91
  • 1965-06-19 James Collip, Canadian biochemist and physiologist (insulin), dies at 72
  • 1970-08-01 Otto Heinrich Warburg, German physician (Nobel-1931), dies at 86
  • 1975-11-05 Edward L Tatum, American molecular geneticist and biochemist (Nobel Prize 1958), dies of heart failure at 65
  • 1976-04-17 Henrik Dam, Danish biochemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1895)
  • 1976-05-31 Jacques Monod, French biochemist, dies
  • 1980-02-02 William H. Stein, American biochemist (Nobel 1972), dies at 68
  • 1980-04-21 Aleksandr Oparin, Russian biochemist (b. 1894)
  • 1982-08-15 Axel Theorell, Swedish biochemist (Nobel 1955-discovering the oxidation enzyme and its effects), dies at 79
  • 1982-08-23 Stanford Moore, American biochemist (Nobel 1977), dies at 68
  • 1984-10-20 Carl Ferdinand Cori, Czech-American bio-chemist (Nobel 1947-discovery of how glycogen (animal starch) – a derivative of glucose – is broken down and resynthesized in the body, for use as a store and source of energy), dies at 87
  • 1985-09-25 William Cumming Rose, American biochemist who discovered threonine (an amino acid), dies at 98
  • 1986-10-22 Albert Szent-Györgyi, Hungarian biochemist (Vitamin C, Nobel 1937), dies at 93
  • 1986-10-23 Edward A Doisy Sr, American bio-chemist (Vitamin K1, Nobel 1943), dies at 92
  • 1987-05-27 John H. Northrop, American biochemist (crystallized enzymes (Nobel 1946)), dies at 95
  • 1987-11-28 Choh Hao Li, bio-chemist prof (isolated growth hormones), dies at 74
  • 1988-01-23 Charles Glen King, American biochemist and pioneer of nutrition research who isolated vitamin C, dies at 91
  • 1989-10-26 Charles J. Pedersen, American biochemist (Nobel 1987), dies at 85
  • 1991-02-11 Robert W. Holley, American biochemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1922)
  • 1991-08-23 Florence B Seibert, bio-chemist (TB), dies at 93
  • 1993-11-01 Severo Ochoa, Spanish-American physician and biochemist (Nobel 1959), dies at 88
  • 1994-07-29 Dorothy Crowfoot-Hodgkin, British biochemist (B-12, Nobel 1964), dies at 78
  • 1994-08-19 Walter Bartley, biochemist, dies at 78
  • 1994-09-04 Laurens van Deenen, Dutch biochemist, dies at 66
  • 1995-01-18 Adolph F J Butenandt, German bio-chemist (Nobel 1939), dies at 91
  • 1996-02-15 Bruno Ferenc Straub, Hungarian biochemist and statesman, dies at 82
  • 1996-05-20 Julius Marmur, biochemist/geneticist, dies at 70
  • 1996-06-29 Alexander George Ogston, biochemist, dies at 85
  • 1996-10-26 Hans Kosterlitz, German-British biochemist (endorphins), dies at 93
  • 1997-05-22 A. D. Hershey, American biologist, worked with bacteriophages (Nobel 1969), dies at 88

Person of interestGertrude B. Elion

1999-02-21 Gertrude B. Elion, American biochemist and drug researcher who developed groundbreaking leukemia and herpes drug treatments (Nobel 1988), dies at 81

Biochemist and Drug Researcher Gertrude B. Elion
Biochemist and Drug Researcher
Gertrude B. Elion
  • 1999-04-10 Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat, German-born biochemist (b. 1910)
  • 2000-10-04 Michael Smith, English-Canadian biochemist (Nobel 1993- Site-directed mutagenesis), dies at 68
  • 2000-10-15 Konrad Emil Bloch, German-born biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1912)
  • 2001-06-17 Donald J. Cram, American biochemist (development and use of molecules with structure-specific interactions of high selectivity - Nobel 1987), dies at 82
  • 2002-03-24 César Milstein, Argentine biochemist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1984), dies at 74
  • 2002-05-31 Eric Boyland, English biochemist (cancer research), dies at 97
  • 2002-06-20 Erwin Chargaff, Austrian biochemist (b. 1905)
  • 2004-06-29 Bernard Babior, American physician and biochemist, dies at 68
  • 2004-08-15 Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1916)
  • 2004-12-29 Julius Axelrod, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1912)
  • 2006-09-26 Philip Randle, British biochemist (Randle cycle), dies at 80
  • 2010-01-15 Marshall Warren Nirenberg, Jewish-American biochemist and geneticist (Nobel 1968), dies at 82
  • 2011-11-09 Har Gobind Khorana, Indian-American biochemist (Nobel 1968), dies at 89
  • 2013-05-04 Christian de Duve, British cytologist and biochemist (Nobel 1974), dies from euthanasia at 95
  • 2013-11-19 Frederick Sanger, British biochemist (Sanger sequencing, Nobel Prize 1958, 1980), dies at 95
  • 2014-05-17 Gerald Edelman, American biochemist (Nobel 1972), dies from natural causes at 84
  • 2017-01-10 Oliver Smithies, British biochemist (2007 Noble Prize for gene targeting), dies at 91
  • 2018-06-02 Paul D. Boyer, American biochemist and Nobel Prize Laureate for research on the "enzymatic mechanism underlying the biosynthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)" (1997), dies at 99
  • 2018-10-09 Thomas A. Steitz, American Biochemist (2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for ribosome discoveries), dies at 78
  • 2018-11-20 Aaron Klug, Lithuanian born British biochemist (Nobel prize for Chemistry 1982), dies at 92