Chemists in History (Part 3)

Chemistry: Alchemists - Biochemists

Historical Events


Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 201 - 295 of 295

  • 1903-02-26 Giulio Natta, Italian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)
  • 1903-03-04 William C. Boyd, American immunochemist (d. 1983)
  • 1903-03-24 Adolph F J Butenandt, German bio-chemist (Nobel 1939)
  • 1904-09-04 Julian W. Hill, American research chemist (developed nylon), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1996)
  • 1905-10-15 Charles P. Snow, English novelist (Death Under Sail, Strangers and Brothers) and physical chemist, born in Leicester, England (d. 1980)
  • 1906-01-11 Albert Hofmann, Swiss chemist (first synthesised LSD), born in Baden, Switzerland (d. 2008)
  • 1906-07-04 Vincent Joseph Schaefer, American chemist and meteorologist (cloud seeding), born in Schenectady, New York (d. 1993)
  • 1906-07-23 Vladimir Prelog, Croatian-Swiss organic chemist (Nobel 1975), born in Sarajevo, Austria-Hungary (d. 1998)
  • 1906-08-17 Hazel Bishop, American chemist and cosmetics manufacturer, born in Hoboken, New Jersey (d. 1998)
  • 1907-01-14 Derek Richter, British neuroscientist (learning & memory), born in bath, United Kingdom (d. 1995)
  • 1907-04-08 Maurice Stacey, British chemist who worked to synthesize vitamin C, born in Moreton, England (d. 1994)
  • 1907-10-02 Alexander Robertus Todd, British organic chemist (Nobel Prize 1957), born in Glasgow (d. 1997)
  • 1908-06-19 Ernst B. Chain, German-British chemist and bacteriologist (penicillin, Nobel 1945), born in Berlin (d. 1979)
  • 1908-08-23 Cornelis van Dis Sr., Dutch chemist and politician, born in Leiden, Netherlands
  • 1908-12-17 Willard Libby, American chemist who developed radiocarbon dating (Nobel 1960), born in Grand Valley, Colorado (d. 1980)
Nobel Prize Winning Chemist Archer John Porter Martin
Nobel Prize Winning Chemist
Archer John Porter Martin

Person of interestDorothy Hodgkin

1910-05-29 Dorothy Hodgkin, British chemist who developed protein crystallography, 3rd woman to win a Nobel Prize (1964), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1994)

  • 1910-06-16 Richard Maling Barrer, chemist
  • 1910-12-01 Louis Slotin, Canadian Physicist and Chemist (Manhattan Project, Los Alamos) who assembled the plutonium core for 'Trinity', the first detonated atomic device, born in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • 1910-12-13 Charles Alfred Coulson, British chemist (theoretical), born in Dudley, England (d. 1974)
  • 1911-04-08 Melvin Calvin, US chemist (photosynthesis, Nobel 1961)
  • 1911-10-24 Nathaniel Wyeth, American chemist and inventor (created PET plastic beverage bottle), born in Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania (d. 1990)
  • 1912-04-19 Glenn T. Seaborg, American chemist (AEC, Plutonium, Nobel 1951), born in Ishpeming, Michigan (d. 1999)
  • 1913-04-21 Choh Hao Li, bio-chemist professor, isolated growth hormones)
  • 1914-05-19 Max Perutz, Austrian-born molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (d. 2002)
  • 1914-10-28 Richard Laurence Millington Synge, British biochemist (Nobel 1952), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1994)
  • 1915-11-30 Henry Taube, chemist (Nobel 1983)
  • 1916-03-26 Christian B. Anfinsen, American chemist (cell physiology, Nobel 1972), born in Monessen, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • 1916-06-04 Robert F. Furchgott, American pharmacologist (Nobel 1998), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 2009)
  • 1917-04-10 Robert B. Woodward, American organic chemist (Nobel 1965), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1979)
  • 1917-06-01 William S. Knowles, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate, (d. 2012)
  • 1917-09-07 John Cornforth, Australian-British chemist (Nobel Prize 1975), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 2013)
  • 1918-06-08 John D. Roberts, American chemist, received American Institute of Chemists Gold Medal (2013), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2016)
  • 1918-09-08 Derek Barton, British organic chemist (Nobel 1969), born in Gravesend, Kent (d. 1998)
  • 1918-10-04 Kenichi Fukui, Japanese chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)
  • 1918-10-08 Jens Christian Skou, Danish scientist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1997), born in Lemvig, Denmark (d. 2018)
  • 1918-11-10 Ernst Fischer, German chemist (Nobel 1973), born in Munich, Germany (d. 2007)
  • 1919-06-18 Jerome Karle, American chemist (Nobel 1985) and Manhattan Project member, born in New York (d. 2013)
  • 1919-07-31 Primo Levi, Italian chemist and writer (Survival in Auschwitz), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1987)
  • 1919-08-07 John Hogan, American chemist (discovered methods of producing polypropylene), born in Lowes, Kentucky (d. 2012)
  • 1919-12-09 William Lipscomb, American chemist working in nuclear magnetic resonance, theoretical chemistry, boron chemistry, and biochemistry (Nobel 1976), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2011)

Person of interestRosalind Franklin

1920-07-25 Rosalind Franklin, English chemist and co-discoverer of the structure of DNA, born in London (d. 1958)

Chemist and Molecular Biologist Rosalind Franklin
Chemist and Molecular Biologist
Rosalind Franklin
  • 1920-09-29 Peter D. Mitchell, English chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1920-12-06 George Porter, British chemist (Nobel 1967), born in Stainforth, South Yorkshire, England (d. 2002)
  • 1921-07-14 Geoffrey Wilkinson, chemist
  • 1922-07-25 John B. Goodenough, American scientist (lithium-ion battery), 2019 Novel Prize for Chemistry, born in Jena, Germany
  • 1923-03-09 Walter Kohn, Austrian-born American scientist (Nobel Prize Chemistry 1998), born in Vienna (d. 2016)

Person of interestCarl Djerassi

1923-10-29 Carl Djerassi, Austrian-born American chemist and father of the contraceptive pill, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2015)

Chemist Carl Djerassi
Chemist
Carl Djerassi
  • 1923-12-08 Rudolph Pariser, American chemist, born in Harbin, China
  • 1925-01-08 James Saunders, English playwright (Ark), born in Islington, London (d. 2004)
  • 1925-03-16 Luis E. Miramontes, Mexican chemist, co-inventor of the combined oral contraceptive pill (d. 2004)
  • 1925-08-17 John Howard Purnell, Welsh chemist (Royal Society of Chemistry), born in Rhondda, South Wales (d. 1996)
  • 1925-10-31 John Pople, English chemist (Nobel Prize 1998), born in Burnham-on-Sea, Somerset, England (d. 2004)
  • 1926-07-16 Irwin Rose, American biologist (Nobel Prize Chemistry 2004), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2015)
  • 1927-05-09 Manfred Eigen, German physicist/chemist (Nobel 1967)
  • 1927-06-28 F. Sherwood Rowland, American Nobel laureate in chemistry 1995, born in Delaware, Ohio (d. 2012)
  • 1928-07-12 Elias James Corey, American organic chemist (Nobel 1990), born in Methuen, Massachusetts
  • 1929-01-23 John Polanyi, Canadian chemist (Nobel 1986), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1930-02-27 Paul von Ragué Schleyer, American chemist
  • 1930-04-09 F. Albert Cotton, American chemist, born in Philadelphia Pennsylvania (d. 2007)
  • 1931-08-15 Richard F. Heck, American chemist who discovered the Heck Reaction (Nobel Prize 2010), born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 2015)
  • 1932-01-06 Stuart A. Rice, American chemist, born in NYC, New York
  • 1932-04-26 Michael Smith, English-Canadian biochemist (Nobel 1993- Site-directed mutagenesis), born in Blackpool, England (d. 2000)
  • 1932-06-18 Dudley R. Herschbach, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1933-08-14 Richard R. Ernst, Swiss physical chemist (Nobel 1991 -techniques for high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy), born in Winterthur, Switzerland
  • 1933-08-23 Manfred Donike, German cyclist and chemist drug test pioneer, born in Köttingen, Germany (d. 1995)
  • 1933-08-23 Robert Curl, American chemist (Nobel 1996), born in Alice, Texas
  • 1933-12-03 Paul J. Crutzen, Dutch chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1934-09-25 Struther Arnott, Scottish molecular biologist and chemist (cancer research), born in Larkhall, Lanarkshire (d. 2013)
  • 1935-02-16 Robin Clark, chemist (FRS)
  • 1936-01-22 Alan J. Heeger, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1936-08-20 Hideki Shirakawa, Japanese chemist (Nobel Prize 2000 - discovery and development of conductive polymers), born in Tokyo
  • 1936-10-10 Gerhard Ertl, German surface chemist (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2007), born in Stuttgart, Germany
  • 1936-11-19 Yuan T. Lee, Taiwanese-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1939-10-07 Harold Kroto, English chemist and Nobel laureate (1996), born in Wisbech (d. 2016)
  • 1941-01-07 John E. Walker, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1941-03-10 George Smith, American Chemist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 2018), born in Norwalk, Connecticut
  • 1941-04-28 K. Barry Sharpless, American chemist (Nobel 2001-developing the first chiral catalysts), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1942-02-27 Robert H. Grubbs, American chemist & Nobel Prize laureate, born in Marshall County, Kentucky
  • 1943-03-19 Mario Molina, Mexican chemist, 1995 Nobel Prize for Chemistry (CFC's effect on the ozone layer), born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 2020)

Person of interestRobert Lefkowitz

1943-04-15 Robert Lefkowitz, American physician (Nobel Prize for Chemistry), born in NYC, New York

Physician-scientist Robert Lefkowitz
Physician-scientist
Robert Lefkowitz
  • 1943-09-30 Johann Deisenhofer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1944-12-28 Kary Mullis, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1945-01-04 Richard R. Schrock, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1946-02-26 Ahmed Zewail, Egyptian-American chemist & Nobel laureate (1999), born in Damanhur, Egypt (d. 2016)
  • 1947-08-15 Manley Lanier "Sonny" Carter Jr, American chemist and NASA astronaut (STS 33), born in Macon, Georgia (d. 1991)
  • 1947-12-08 Thomas R. Cech, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1948-01-30 Akira Yoshino, Japanese chemist (lithium-ion battery), 2019 Nobel Prize for Chemistry, born in Suita, Japan
  • 1948-07-18 Hartmut Michel, German chemist (Nobel 1988 - determination of the structure of certain proteins that are essential for photosynthesis), born in Ludwigsburg, Germany
  • 1949-08-24 Anna Lee Fisher [Tingle], American chemist, emergency physician and astronaut (STS 51-A), born in St Albans, New York
  • 1952-02-01 Roger Y. Tsien, American chemist (Nobel Prize 2008), born in NYC, New York (d. 2016)

Person of interestBrian Kobilka

1955-05-30 Brian Kobilka, American Nobel Prize winning chemistry professor (G protein-coupled receptors), born in Little Falls, Minnesota

Professor Brian Kobilka
Professor
Brian Kobilka
  • 1956-07-25 Frances Arnold, American Chemist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 2018), born in Edgewood, Pennsylvania
  • 1958-09-25 Eamonn Healy, Irish professor of chemistry, organic chemistry, and biochemistry at St. Edward's University in Austin, Texas, born in Newcastle West, Ireland

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths

Deaths 201 - 259 of 259

  • 1986-09-25 Nikolay Nikolayevich Semyonov, Russian Chemist and Nobel Prize winner, dies at 90
  • 1986-10-22 Albert Szent-Györgyi, Hungarian biochemist (Vitamin C, Nobel 1937), dies at 93
  • 1986-10-23 Edward A Doisy Sr, American bio-chemist (Vitamin K1, Nobel 1943), dies at 92
  • 1986-10-31 Robert S. Mulliken, American chemist and physicist (Nobel 1966), dies at 90
  • 1987-04-11 Primo Levi, Italian chemist and writer (Survival in Auschwitz), dies at 67
  • 1987-11-28 Choh Hao Li, bio-chemist prof (isolated growth hormones), dies at 74
  • 1988-12-04 Osman Achmatowicz, Polish chemist, dies at 89
  • 1990-07-06 Nathaniel Wyeth, American chemist and inventor (created PET plastic beverage bottle), dies at 78
  • 1991-04-05 Manley Lanier "Sonny" Carter Jr, American chemist and NASA astronaut (STS 33), dies at 43
  • 1991-08-23 Florence B Seibert, bio-chemist (TB), dies at 93
  • 1991-09-09 Edwin M. McMillan, American physicist and discoverer of plutonium (Nobel 1951), dies at 83
  • 1993-07-25 Vincent Joseph Schaefer, American chemist and meteorologist (cloud seeding), dies at 87

Person of interestDorothy Hodgkin

1994-07-29 Dorothy Hodgkin, British chemist who developed protein crystallography, 3rd woman to win a Nobel Prize (1964), dies of a stroke at 84

  • 1995-01-18 Adolph F J Butenandt, German bio-chemist (Nobel 1939), dies at 91
  • 1995-08-21 Manfred Donike, German cyclist and chemist drug test pioneer, dies at 61
  • 1996-01-10 Alexander Robertus, organic chemist, dies at 88
  • 1996-01-12 John Howard Purnell, Welsh chemist (Royal Society of Chemistry), dies at 70
  • 1996-01-27 Julian W. Hill, American research chemist (developed nylon), dies at 91
  • 1996-08-01 Tadeusz Reichstein, Polish/Swiss chemist (Nobel 1950), dies at 99
  • 1996-09-12 Richard Maling Barrer, chemist, dies at 86
  • 1996-09-26 Geoffrey Wilkinson, chemist, dies at 75
  • 1997-01-10 Alexander R. Todd, British chemist (Nobel Prize 1957), dies at 89
  • 1998-01-07 Vladimir Prelog, Croatian-Swiss organic chemist (Nobel 1975), dies at 91
  • 1998-01-09 Kenichi Fukui, Japanese Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1981) dies at 79
  • 1998-03-16 Derek Harold Richard Barton, British chemist, Nobel laureate, dies at 79
  • 1998-03-16 Derek Barton, British organic chemist (Nobel 1969), dies at 79
  • 1999-02-25 Glenn T. Seaborg, American chemist (AEC, Plutonium, Nobel 1951), dies at 86
  • 1999-03-03 Gerhard Herzberg, German-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
  • 2001-10-07 Roger Gaudry, French Canadian chemist, businessman and corporate director (b. 1913)
  • 2002-08-31 George Porter, British chemist (Nobel 1967), dies at 81
  • 2003-05-10 Milan Vukcevich, Yugoslavian chemist and a grandmaster of chess problem composition, dies at 66
  • 2003-05-28 Ilya Prigogine, Russian-born physicist and chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (b. 1917)
  • 2004-03-15 John Pople, English chemist (Nobel Prize 1998), dies at 78
  • 2004-09-13 Luis E. Miramontes, Mexican chemist, co-inventor of the combined oral contraceptive pill (b. 1925)
  • 2004-12-19 Herbert C. Brown, English-born American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1912)
  • 2005-10-28 Richard Smalley, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1943)
  • 2005-11-16 Henry Taube, Canadian-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)
  • 2007-02-20 F. Albert Cotton, American chemist, dies at 76
  • 2007-03-27 Paul Lauterbur, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1929)
  • 2008-04-29 Albert Hofmann, Swiss chemist (first synthesised LSD), dies at 102
  • 2009-05-19 Robert F. Furchgott, American pharmacologist (Nobel 1998), dies at 92
  • 2010-12-10 John Bennett Fenn, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1917)
  • 2011-10-23 Herbert A. Hauptman, American Mathematician whose models for determining the chemical crystal structures vital for life revolutionized chemistry, dies at 94
  • 2012-02-19 John Hogan, American research chemist, dies at 92
  • 2012-03-10 F. Sherwood Rowland, American Nobel laureate in chemistry 1995, dies from Parkinson's disease at 84
  • 2012-06-13 William S. Knowles, American chemist and Nobel laureate, dies from complications from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis at 95
  • 2013-04-20 Struther Arnott, Scottish molecular biologist and chemist (cancer research), dies at 78
  • 2013-06-06 Jerome Karle, American chemist and Nobel Laureate, dies at 94
  • 2013-12-08 John Cornforth, Australian-British chemist (Nobel Prize 1975), dies at 96

Person of interestCarl Djerassi

2015-01-30 Carl Djerassi, Austrian-born American chemist and father of the contraceptive pill, dies at 91

Chemist Carl Djerassi
Chemist
Carl Djerassi
  • 2015-06-02 Irwin Rose, American biologist (Nobel Prize Chemistry 2004), dies at 88
  • 2015-10-09 Richard F. Heck, American chemist who discovered the Heck Reaction (Nobel Prize 2010), dies at 84
  • 2016-04-19 Walter Kohn, Austrian-born American scientist (Nobel Prize Chemistry 1998), dies at 93
  • 2016-05-07 Harold Kroto, English chemist, (Nobel Prize laureate 1996), dies at 76
  • 2016-08-02 Ahmed Zewail, Egyptian-American chemist, (Nobel Prize 1999), dies at 70
  • 2016-08-24 Roger Y. Tsien, American chemist (Nobel Prize 2008), dies at 64
  • 2016-10-29 John D. Roberts, American chemist, received American Institute of Chemists Gold Medal (2013), dies at 98
  • 2018-05-28 Jens Christian Skou, Danish scientist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1997), dies at 99

Famous Chemists