# Mathematicians in History

**Mathematics:**
Algebra -
Statisticians

## Historical Events

- 0127-03-26 Greek astronomer and mathematician Ptolemy begins his observations of the heavens (until 141 AD)

### Event of **Interest**

1552-06-29 Italian physician and mathematician Girolamo Cardano arrives in Edinburgh, Scotland to treat John Hamilton, Archbishop of St Andrews for over two thousand gold crowns

- 1560-04-13 Giovanni, son of Italian mathematician Girolamo Cardano is executed for poisoning his wife, despite his father's efforts to save him

### Scientific **Discovery**

1594-01-29 Mathematician John Napier dedicates his "Plaine Discovery of the Whole Revelation of St. John" to King James VI, predicts end of the world in 1688 or 1700

### Event of **Interest**

1601-10-24 Johannes Kepler succeeds Tycho Brahe as imperial mathematician to Emperor Rudolph II

- 1609-07-26 English mathematician Thomas Harriot is the first person to draw a map of the Moon by looking through a telescope

### Event of **Interest**

1654-11-23 French mathematician, scientist, and religious philosopher Blaise Pascal experiences an intense, mystical vision that marks him for life.

### Event of **Interest**

1663-07-11 Oxford mathematician John Wallis gives a lecture on Euclid’s parallel postulate, first Western attempt to derive the parallel postulate as a theorem

- 1675-10-04 Dutch mathematician Christiaan Huygens patents the pocket watch

### Event of **Interest**

1675-11-11 German mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz demonstrates integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = f(x) function

### Historic **Expedition**

1736-04-20 French mathematician Pierre Louis Maupertuis begins Lapland expedition to measure latitude and shape of the earth, joined by fellow scientists Anders Celsius, Charles Etienne Louis Camus, Alexis Clairaut, and Pierre-Charles Le Monnier

### Event of **Interest**

1741-06-19 Russian mathematician Leonhard Euler leaves St. Petersburg for a position at the Berlin Academy, offered to him by Frederick the Great of Prussia

### Event of **Interest**

1772-04-09 Philosopher and mathematician Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert becomes permanent secretary of the French Academy of Sciences

### Event of **Interest**

1793-10-03 A warrant is issued for the arrest of French mathematician and philosopher Marquis de Condorcet forcing him into hiding

### Scientific **Discovery**

1796-03-30 Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician, discovers the construction of the heptadecagon

- 1796-04-08 Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician, proves the quadratic reciprocity law (the ability to determine the solvability of any quadratic equation in modular arithmetic)
- 1827-04-23 Irish mathematician and astronomer William Rowan Hamilton presents his Theory of Systems of Rays
- 1993-06-21 English mathematician Andrew Wiles proves last theorem of Fermat
- 2014-08-13 Iranian mathematician Maryam Mirzakhani is the first woman to win the Fields Medal in mathematics

### Event of **Interest**

2019-03-07 Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain shares her first Instagram post, a letter between mathematician Charles Babbage and Prince Albert

## Famous Birthdays

Birthdays **1 - 100** of **499**

- 0973-09-15 Al-Biruni, Iranian mathematician and polymath, born in Kath, Khwarezm, Afrighid dynasty (d. 1048)
- 1048-05-18 Omar Khayyám, Persian mathematician, poet and philosopher (d. 1131)
- 1201-02-18 Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, Persian philosopher, architect and mathematician (Tadhkirah fi ʿilm al-hay), born in Ṭūs, Khorāsān (d. 1274)
- 1423-05-30 Georg von Purbach, Austrian mathematician and astronomer (best known for his streamlined presentation of Ptolemaic astronomy in the Theoricae Novae Planetarum), born in Peuerbach, Austria (d. 1461)
- 1436-06-06 Regiomontanus [Johannes Müller von Königsberg], German mathematician and astronomer, prepares astronomical tables, born in Königsberg, Germany (d. 1476)
- 1452-12-10 Johannes Stöffler, German mathematician and astronomer, born in Blaubeuren, Germany (d. 1531)
- 1468-02-14 Johann Werner, German mathematician, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1522)

**Nicolaus Copernicus**

1473-02-19 Nicolaus Copernicus, Polish mathematician and astronomer who theorized that planets revolve around the sun (Heliocentric theory), born in Toruń, Royal Prussia, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1543)

- 1494-12-20 Oronce Finé, French mathematician & cartographer, born in Briançon, France (d. 1555)
- 1495-04-16 Petrus Apianus [Peter Apian], German mathematician, astronomer and cartographer, born in Leisnig, Saxony (d. 1552)

**Girolamo Cardano**

1501-09-24 Girolamo Cardano, Italian mathematician and astrologer (Ars Magna-1545), born in Pavia, Italy (d. 1576)

- 1508-12-09 Gemma Frisius [Jemme Reinerszoon], Frisian physician, mathematician and instrument maker (created globe), born in Dokkum, Friesland (d. 1555)
- 1511-10-22 Erasmus Reinhold, German mathematician (calculated planetary table), born in Saalfeld, Electorate of Saxony (d. 1553)
- 1522-02-02 Lodovico Ferrari, Italian mathematician (d. 1565)
- 1527-07-13 John Dee, English alchemist, astrologer and mathematician, born in London, England (d. 1609)
- 1529-04-03 Michael Neander, German mathematician and astronomer, born in Joachimsthal, Bohemia (d. 1581)
- 1531-09-14 Philipp Apianus [Bennewitz/Bienewitz], German mathematician and cartographer, born in Ingolstadt, Germany (d. 1589)
- 1539-03-25 Christopher Clavius, German mathematician (d. 1612)
- 1540-01-28 Ludolph van Ceulen, German mathematician (d. 1610)

**John Napier**

1550-02-01 John Napier, Scottish mathematician and inventor (logarithms), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1617)

- 1550-09-30 Michael Maestlin, German mathematician (d. 1631)
- 1552-02-28 Jost Bürgi [Jobst Bürg], Swiss clockmaker and mathematician, born in Lichtensteig, Switzerland (d. 1632)
- 1552-04-15 Pietro Cataldi, Italian mathematician, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1626)
- 1553-06-05 Bernardino Baldi, Italian mathematician and writer, born in Urbino, Marche, Italy (d. 1617)
- 1561-01-06 Thomas Fincke, Danish mathematician, born in Flensburg, Germany (d. 1656)
- 1561-08-24 Bartholomeus Pitiscus, German mathematician (Trigonometry), born in Zielona Góra, Poland (d. 1613)
- 1561-09-29 Adriaan van Roomen, Flemish mathematician, born in Leuven (d. 1615)
- 1563-10-17 Jodocus Hondius, Flemish mathematician/cartographer
- 1567-01-04 Franciscus Aguilon, physicist/mathematician/jesuit/architect
- 1571-12-09 Adrian Metius, Dutch astronomer and fort architect, born in Alkmaar, Netherlands (d. 1635)
- 1572-04-14 Adam Tanner, Austrian mathematician and philosopher, born in Innsbruck, Austria (d. 1632)
- 1574-03-05 William Oughtred, England, mathematician/inventor (slide rule)
- 1577-06-12 Paul Guldin, Swiss astronomer and mathematician (Guldinus theorem), born in Mels, Switzerland (d. 1643)
- 1580-08-19 Pierre Vernier, Ornans, French mathematician and inventor of the vernier caliper used for taking accurate measurements
- 1581-10-09 Claude Gaspard Bachet de Meziriac, French mathematician and poet, born in Bourg-en-Bresse, France (d. 1638)
- 1585-11-01 Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer, born in Kurzelów, Sandomierz Province, Poland (d. 1652)
- 1588-09-08 Marin Mersenne, French mathematician (Number of Mersenne), born in Oizé, Maine, France (d. 1648)
- 1589-02-07 Jacob de Witt, Dutch mayor (Dordrecht)/mathematician
- 1591-06-16 Joseph Solomon Delmedigo, Italian physician, mathematician, and music theorist (d. 1655)
- 1597-03-01 Jean-Charles de la Faille, Belgian mathematician (d. 1652)
- 1602-03-18 Jacques de Billy, French mathematician (d. 1679)
- 1602-08-10 Gilles de Roberval, French mathematician (d. 1675)
- 1605-09-28 Ismaël Bullialdus, French astronomer (Astronomia Philolaica) and mathematician, born in Loudun, Vienne, France (d. 1694)
- 1607-08-17 Pierre de Fermat, French mathematician who needed wider margins (Fermat's Last Theorem) [or 1608], born in Beaumont-de-Lomagne, France (d. 1665)
- 1608-01-28 Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, mathematician/astronomer, born in Naples, Italy
- 1608-02-05 Gaspar Schott, German mathematician (d. 1666)
- 1610-03-01 John Pell, English mathematician (d. 1685)
- 1612-02-06 Antoine Arnauld, French Roman Catholic theologian & philosopher & mathematician, born in Paris, France (d. 1694)
- 1612-06-23 André Tacquet, Belgian mathematician (d. 1660)
- 1616-10-20 Thomas Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian (d. 1680)

**John Wallis**

1616-12-03 John Wallis, English mathematician and cryptographer who introduced ∞ as a symbol for infinity, born in Ashford, England (d. 1703)

- 1618-04-02 Francesco Maria Grimaldi, Italian mathematician and physicist (light defraction), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1663)
- 1619-12-17 Prince Rupert of the Rhine, German soldier, Commander in the English Civil War and first Governor of the Hudson's Bay Company, born in Prague (d. 1682)
- 1622-04-05 Vincenzo Viviani, Italian mathematician (Viviani's theorem), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1703)

**Blaise Pascal**

1623-06-19 Blaise Pascal, French mathematician, physicist and Christian philosopher (Pascal's Law, Pascal's Wager), born in Clermont-Ferrand, France (d. 1662)

- 1625-06-08 Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Italian-French mathematician, astronomer and engineer who discovered four of Saturn's moons, born in Perinaldo, Republic of Genova (d. 1712)
- 1625-08-13 Rasmus Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician and physicist, born in Roskilde, Denmark (d. 1698)
- 1628-04-23 Johan van Waveren Hudde, Dutch mathematician (Concerning Reduction of Equations) and Mayor of Amsterdam (1672-1703), born in Amsterdam (d. 1704)
- 1629-04-14 Christiaan Huygens, Dutch mathematician, astronomer (discovered Saturn's rings) and scientist (dynamics), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1695)
- 1640-03-18 Philippe de la Hire, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1719)
- 1640-04-01 Georg Mohr, Danish mathematician (d. 1697)
- 1640-06-15 Bernard Lamy, French mathematician (d. 1715)

**Isaac Newton**

1642-12-25 Isaac Newton, English physicist, mathematician and astronomer (Gravity, Laws of Motion), born in Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, England (d. 1727)

**Elena Cornaro Piscopia**

1646-06-05 Elena Cornaro Piscopia, Italian mathematician and the 1st woman to receive an academic degree from a university, born in Venice, Italy (d. 1684)

**Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz**

1646-07-01 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, German mathematician and philosopher (differential and integral calculus), born in Leipzig, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1716)

- 1651-04-10 Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, German mathematician (Tschirnhaus transformation), born in Kieslingswalde, Margraviate Upper Lusatia, Saxony (d. 1708)
- 1652-04-21 Michel Rolle, French mathematician (Rolle's theorem), born in Ambert, Basse-Auvergne (d. 1719)
- 1653-03-25 Joseph Sauveur, French mathematician, physicist and sound engineer who coined the name acoustics for the study of sound from the ancient Greek word ακουστός, meaning "able to be heard", born in La Flèche, France (d. 1716)
- 1654-12-27 Jacob Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician known for his contributions to calculus, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1705)
- 1655-01-06 Jakob Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1705)
- 1655-09-19 Jan Luyts, Dutch physicist and mathematician, born in Hoorn, Netherlands (d. 1721)

**Edmond Halley**

1656-11-08 Edmond Halley, English mathematician and astronomer (Halley's comet), born in Haggerston, Middlesex (d. 1742) [OS 29 Oct]

- 1665-08-21 Giacomo F. Maraldi, French-Italian astronomer and mathematician, born in Perinaldo, Italy (d. 1729)
- 1666-09-16 Antoine Parent, French mathematician, born in Paris (d. 1716)
- 1667-04-29 John Arbuthnot, Scottish mathematician and writer (Scriblerus Club), born in Inverbervie, Scotland (d. 1735)
- 1667-05-26 Abraham de Moivre, French mathematician (De Moivre's theorem), born in Vitry-sur-Seine, France (d. 1754)
- 1667-07-27 Jean Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1748)
- 1667-09-05 Giovanni Gerolamo Saccheri, Italian mathematician, born in Sanremo, Italy (d. 1733)
- 1667-12-09 William Whiston, English Anglican priest and mathematician, born in Norton, Leicestershire, England (d. 1752)
- 1671-07-14 Jacques D'Allonville, French astronomer and mathematician (d. 1732)
- 1671-10-01 Luigi Guido Grandi, Italian mathematician and monk, born in Cremona, Italy (d. 1742)
- 1671-12-01 John Keill, Scottish mathematician, born in Edinburgh, Scotland, (d. 1721)
- 1675-05-29 Humphry Ditton, English mathematician, born in Salisbury, England (d. 1715)
- 1676-05-28 Jacopo Riccati, Italian mathematician (Riccati equation), born in Venice, Venetian Republic (d. 1754)
- 1682-04-16 John Hadley, English mathematician and inventor (octant), born in Bloomsbury, London (d. 1744)
- 1682-07-10 Roger Cotes, English mathematician (Newton–Cotes formulas), born in Burbage, Leicestershire, England (d. 1716)
- 1684-01-14 Johann Matthias Hase, German mathematician & astronomer, born in Augsburg, Germany (d. 1742)
- 1685-08-18 Brook Taylor, English mathematician, discoverer of Taylor's Theorem, born in Edmonton, Middlesex, England (d. 1731)
- 1687-10-14 Robert Simson, Scottish mathematician (Simson line), born in West Kilbride, Ayrshire, Scotland (d. 1768)
- 1687-10-21 Nicolaus I Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (d. 1759)
- 1688-09-26 Willem 's-Gravesande, Dutch mathematician and physicist, born in s-Hertogenbosch, Duchy of Brabant (d. 1742)
- 1688-11-15 Louis Bertrand Castel, French mathematician, born in Montpellier, France (d. 1757)
- 1690-03-18 Christian Goldbach, German mathematician (Goldbach position)
- 1690-10-29 Martin Folkes, English antiquarian and mathematician, born in Westminster, London (d. 1754)
- 1692-03-14 Pieter Musschenbroek, Dutch mathematician and physician (Leyden jar)
- 1692-05-01 James Stirling, Scottish mathematician (Formula of Stirling), born in this month in Stirlingshire, Scotland (d. 1770)
- 1695-02-06 Nicolaus II Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician, born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1726)
- 1698-02-16 Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician (heliometer)
- 1698-09-28 Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis, French mathematician and astronomer (Système de la nature), born in Saint-Malo, France (d. 1759)
- 1700-01-29 Daniel Bernoulli, mathematician (10 time French award), born in Basel, Switzerland

## Famous Weddings

### Wedding of **Interest**

1835-07-08 Mathematician Ada Lovelace [Ada Byron] (19) weds Earl of Lovelace, William King (30)

### Wedding of **Interest**

1940-12-03 Nobel Prize winning author Albert Camus (27) weds pianist and mathematician Francine Faure (25) in Lyon, France

## Famous Deaths

Deaths **1 - 100** of **482**

- 0485-04-17 Proclus, Greek mathematician, dies in Athens [or Apr 14]
- 0901-02-18 Thabit ibn Qurra, Arab astronomer and mathematician, founder of Statics (b. 826)
- 1123-12-04 Omar Khayyám, Persian poet, astronomer, mathematician, and philosopher (b. 1048)
- 1274-06-26 Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, Persian philosopher, architect and mathematician (Tadhkirah fi ʿilm al-hay) dies at 73
- 1429-06-22 Ghiyath al-Kashi, Persian astronomer and mathematician (b. 1380)
- 1461-04-08 Georg von Purbach, Austrian mathematician and astronomer (best known for his streamlined presentation of Ptolemaic astronomy in the Theoricae Novae Planetarum), dies at 37
- 1464-08-17 Nikolaus von Cusa, German theologist/mathematician/philosopher, dies
- 1476-07-06 Regiomontanus [Johannes Müller von Königsberg], German mathematician and astronomer, prepares astronomic tables, dies at 40
- 1505-10-21 Paul Scriptoris, German mathematician
- 1531-02-16 Johannes Stöffler, German mathematician and astronomer, dies at 78

**Nicolaus Copernicus**

1543-05-24 Nicolaus Copernicus, Polish mathematician and astronomer who theorized that planets revolve around the sun (Heliocentric theory), dies at 70

- 1552-04-21 Petrus Apianus [Peter Apian], German mathematician, astronomer and cartographer, dies at 57
- 1553-02-19 Erasmus Reinhold, German mathematician (calculated planetary table), dies at 41
- 1555-05-25 Gemma Frisius [Jemme Reinerszoon], Frisian physician, mathematician and instrument maker (created globe), dies at 46
- 1555-08-08 Oronce Finé, French mathematician (b. 1494)
- 1557-12-13 Niccolo Tartaglia, Italian mathematician, dies
- 1559-03-30 Adam Ries, German mathematician (b. 1492)
- 1564-10-18 Johannes Acronius Frisius, German physician and mathematician (b. 1520)
- 1565-10-05 Lodovico Ferrari, Italian mathematician (b. 1522)
- 1567-04-19 Michael Stifel, German theologist/mathematician, dies at about 79

**Girolamo Cardano**

1576-09-21 Girolamo Cardano, Italian mathematician, dies at 74

- 1576-12-04 Rheticus, mathematician, dies
- 1578-08-11 Pedro Nunes [Nonius], Port mathematician/astronomer (nonius), dies
- 1581-10-23 Michael Neander, German mathematician and astronomer, dies at 52
- 1589-11-14 Philipp Apianus [Bennewitz/Bienewitz], German mathematician and geographer, dies at 58
- 1603-12-13 François Viète, French mathematician dies in Paris (b. 1540)
- 1610-12-31 Ludolph van Ceulen, German mathematician (b. 1540)
- 1612-02-17 Jodocus Hondius, Flemish cartoonist and mathematician, dies at 48
- 1615-05-04 Adriaan van Roomen, Flemish mathematician (b. 1561)
- 1617-03-20 Franciscus Aguilon, physicist/theologist/mathematician, dies at 50

**John Napier**

1617-04-04 John Napier, Scottish mathematician and inventor (logarithms), dies from effects of gout at 67

- 1617-10-10 Bernardino Baldi, Italian mathematician and writer, dies at 64
- 1626-02-11 Pietro Cataldi, Italian mathematician, dies at 77
- 1626-04-11 Marin Getaldić, Croatian mathematician (b. 1568)
- 1626-10-30 Willebrord Snellius (also Snell and Snel van Royen), Dutch astronomer/mathematician, dies at about 46
- 1626-12-10 Edmund Gunter, English mathematician (b. 1581)
- 1630-01-26 Henry Briggs, English mathematician (b. 1556)
- 1631-10-20 Michael Maestlin, German astronomer and mathematician (b. 1550)
- 1632-01-31 Joost Bürgi, Swiss clockmaker and mathematician (b. 1552)
- 1632-05-25 Adam Tanner, Austrian mathematician and philosopher, dies at 60
- 1635-09-06 Adrian Metius, Dutch astronomer and fort architect, dies at 63
- 1637-09-14 Pierre Vernier, French mathematician and inventor of the vernier caliper used for taking accurate measurements, dies at 57
- 1638-02-28 Claude Gaspard Bachet de Meziriac, French mathematician and poet, dies at 56
- 1643-11-03 Paul Guldin, Swiss astronomer and mathematician (Guldinus theorem), dies at 66
- 1648-09-01 Marin Mersenne, French mathematician (Number of Mersenne), dies at 59
- 1652-10-08 John Greaves, English mathematician (b. 1602)
- 1652-11-04 Jean-Charles de la Faille, Flemish mathematician (b. 1597)
- 1652-11-21 Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer, dies at 67
- 1655-10-16 Joseph Solomon Delmedigo, Italian physician, mathematician, and music theorist (b. 1591)
- 1656-04-24 Thomas Fincke, Danish mathematician and physicist (b. 1561)
- 1660-05-29 Frans van Schooten, Dutch mathematician (b. 1615)
- 1660-06-30 William Oughtred, English mathematician (b. 1575)
- 1660-12-22 André Tacquet, Flemish mathematician (b. 1612)

**Blaise Pascal**

1662-08-19 Blaise Pascal, French mathematician, physicist and Christian philosopher (Pascal's Law, Pascal's Wager), dies of a stomach tumor at 39

- 1663-12-28 Francesco Maria Grimaldi, Italian mathematician and physicist (light defraction), dies at 45
- 1665-01-12 Pierre de Fermat, French mathematician (Fermat therorem), dies at 63
- 1667-09-28 Jacobus Golius, Dutch mathematician and Arabic translator, dies at 71
- 1675-10-27 Gilles de Roberval, French mathematician (b. 1602)
- 1677-05-04 Isaac Barrow, English mathematician (b. 1630)
- 1679-01-14 Jacques de Billy, French mathematician (b. 1602)
- 1679-11-30 Pieter van Schooten, Dutch mathematician/fort architect, dies at 45
- 1680-12-04 Thomas Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian (b. 1616)
- 1684-04-05 William Brouncker, English mathematician (Brouncker's formula) and the 1st President of the Royal Society, dies at around 64

**Elena Cornaro Piscopia**

1684-07-26 Elena Cornaro Piscopia, Italian mathematician and the 1st woman to receive an academic degree from a university, dies of tuberculosis at 38

- 1685-12-12 John Pell, English mathematician (b. 1610)
- 1689-01-06 Seth Ward, English mathematician and astronomer (b. 1617)
- 1694-09-28 Gabriel Mouton, French abbot and mathematician, dies at about 76
- 1694-11-25 Ismael Bullialdus, French astronomer (Astronomia Philolaica) and mathematician, dies at 89
- 1695-07-08 Christiaan Huygens, Dutch mathematician, astronomer (discovered Saturn's rings) and scientist (dynamics), dies at 66
- 1697-01-26 Georg Mohr, Danish mathematician (b. 1640)
- 1698-11-04 Rasmus Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician and physicist, dies at 73
- 1703-09-22 Vincenzo Viviani, Italian mathematician (Viviani's theorem), dies at 81

**John Wallis**

1703-10-28 John Wallis, English mathematician and cryptographer who introduced ∞ as a symbol for infinity, dies at 86

- 1704-02-02 Guillaume F A de l'Hospital, French mathematician, dies at about 62
- 1704-04-12 Johan van Waveren Hudde, Dutch mathematician (Concerning Reduction of Equations) and Mayor of Amsterdam (1672-1703), dies at 76
- 1705-08-16 Jacob Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician known for his contributions to calculus, dies at 50
- 1708-10-11 Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, German mathematician (Tschirnhaus transformation), dies at 57
- 1708-10-24 Kowa Seki, Japanese mathematician
- 1712-09-11 Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Italian-French mathematician, astronomer and engineer who discovered four of Saturn's moons, dies at 87
- 1715-10-15 Humphry Ditton, English mathematician, dies at 40
- 1716-06-05 Roger Cotes, English mathematician (Newton-Cates formulas), dies at 33
- 1716-07-09 Joseph Sauveur, French mathematician, physicist and sound engineer who coined the name acoustics for the study of sound from the ancient Greek word ακουστός, meaning "able to be heard", dies at 63
- 1716-09-26 Antoine Parent, French mathematician, dies at 50

**Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz**

1716-11-14 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, German philosopher and mathematician (differential and integral calculus), dies at 70

- 1717-04-03 Jacques Ozanam, French mathematician (b. 1640)
- 1719-04-21 Philippe de la Hire, French mathematician and historian (b. 1640)
- 1719-11-08 Michel Rolle, French mathematician (Rolle's theorem), dies at 67
- 1721-03-12 Jan Luyts, Dutch physicist and mathematician, dies at 65
- 1722-12-23 Pierre Varignon, French mathematician (b. 1654)
- 1726-07-31 Nicolaus II Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (b. 1695)
- 1729-12-01 Giacomo F. Maraldi, French-Italian astronomer and mathematician, dies at 64
- 1731-12-29 Brook Taylor, English mathematician, discoverer of Taylor's Theorem, dies at 46
- 1735-02-27 John Arbuthnot, Scottish mathematician and writer (Scriblerus Club), dies at 67
- 1737-02-03 Tommaso Ceva, Italian Mathematician (b. 1648)
- 1737-12-29 Joseph Saurin, French mathematician (b. 1659)
- 1739-04-19 Nicholas Saunderson, mathematician, dies

**Edmond Halley**

1742-01-14 Edmond Halley, English mathematician and astronomer (Halley's comet), dies at 85 [NS=Jan 25]

- 1742-02-28 Willem 's-Gravesande, Dutch mathematician and physicist, dies at 53
- 1742-07-04 Luigi Guido Grandi, Italian mathematician and monk, dies at 70
- 1744-02-14 John Hadley, English mathematician and inventor (octant), dies at 61