Mathematicians in History (Part 2)

Mathematics: Algebra - Statisticians

Historical Events


Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 499

  • 1701-01-28 Charles Marie de La Condamine, French mathematician and geographer (d. 1774)
  • 1701-05-14 William Emerson, English mathematician (d. 1782)
  • 1703-10-28 Antoine Deparcieux, French mathematician, born in Portes, Gard, France (d. 1768)
  • 1704-07-31 Gabriel Cramer, Swiss mathematician (paradox of Cramer), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1752)
  • 1704-10-09 Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician, born in Bratislava, Slovakia (d. 1777)

Person of interestLeonhard Euler

1707-04-15 Leonhard Euler, Swiss mathematician (Euler's Constant), born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1783)

Mathematician Leonhard Euler
Mathematician
Leonhard Euler
  • 1710-06-10 James Short, Scottish mathematician and manufacturer of telescopes, born in Edinburgh (d. 1768)
  • 1710-08-20 Thomas Simpson, English mathematician (rule of Simpson), born in Sutton Cheney, Leicestershire (d. 1761)
  • 1712-08-24 Cornelis Douwes, Dutch mathematician and astronomer, born in Terschelling, Netherlands (d. 1773)
  • 1713-05-03 Alexis Clairaut, French mathematician (Clairaut's theorem), born in Paris (d. 1765)
  • 1713-09-14 Johann Kies, German astronomer and mathematician, born in Tübingen, Germany (d. 1781)
  • 1714-11-25 Yoriyuki Arima, Japanese mathematician (approximated the value of pi and its square, pi^2) (d. 1783)

Person of interestJean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert

1717-11-16 Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert, French Enlightenment philosopher and mathematician (Encyclopédie), born in Paris (d. 1783)

Enlightenment Philosopher Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert
Enlightenment Philosopher
Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert
  • 1718-05-16 Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Italian mathematician (d. 1799)
  • 1719-01-23 John Landen, English mathematician, born in England, United Kingdom (d. 1790)
  • 1719-09-27 Abraham Gotthelf Kästner, German mathematician, born in Leipzig, Electorate of Saxony (d. 1800)
  • 1725-09-05 Jean-Étienne Montucla, French mathematician, born in Lyon, France (d. 1799)
  • 1730-03-31 Étienne Bézout, French mathematician (d. 1783)

Person of interestBenjamin Banneker

1731-11-09 Benjamin Banneker, African American mathematician and surveyor of Washington, D.C., born in Ellicott's Mills, Maryland (d. 1806

Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author Benjamin Banneker
Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author
Benjamin Banneker
  • 1732-04-08 David Rittenhouse, American astronomer, inventor, and mathematician, born in Paper Mill Run, Pennsylvania (d. 1796)
  • 1733-05-04 Jean-Charles de Borda, French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, and sailor, born in Dax, France (d. 1799)
  • 1736-01-25 Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Italian mathematician & astronomer (number theory, celestial mechanics), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1813)
  • 1736-09-16 Johann Nikolaus Tetens, German-Danish philosopher and mathematician, born in Tetenbüll, Duchy of Schleswig, Denmark (d. 1807)
  • 1737-08-14 Charles Hutton, English mathematician and surveyor, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England (d. 1823)

Person of interestMarquis de Condorcet

1743-09-17 Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet, French enlightenment philosopher (Condorcet Method) and mathematician, born in Ribemont, Picardy, France (d. 1794)

Enlightenment Philosopher Marquis de Condorcet
Enlightenment Philosopher
Marquis de Condorcet
  • 1745-06-08 Caspar Wessel, Danish-Norwegian mathematician, born in Vestby, Norway (d. 1818)
  • 1746-05-10 Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (d. 1818)
  • 1748-03-10 John Playfair, Scotland, clergyman/geologist/mathematician
  • 1749-03-23 Pierre-Simon, marquis de Laplace, French mathematician, astronomer and physicist (stability of the solar system), born in Beaumount-en-Auge, Normandy, France (d. 1827)

Person of interestJean Baptiste Joseph Delambre

1749-09-19 Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre, French mathematician and astronomer (The History of Astronomy), born in Amiens, France (d. 1822)

Mathematician and Astronomer Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
Mathematician and Astronomer
Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
  • 1750-04-24 Simon-Antoine-Jean Lhuillier, Swiss mathematician, born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1840)
  • 1752-09-18 Adrien-Marie Legendre, French mathematician (worked on elliptic integrals), born in Paris (d. 1833)
  • 1753-05-13 Lazare Carnot, French politician, engineer and mathematician known as the Organizer of Victory in the French Revolutionary Wars, born in Nolay, Côte-d'Or (d. 1823)
  • 1753-11-22 Dugald Stewart, Scottish philosopher and mathematician (Scottish common sense), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1828)
  • 1754-03-23 Baron Jurij Vega, Slovenian mathematician, physicist, and artillery officer (d. 1802)
  • 1755-04-27 Marc-Antoine Parseval, French mathematician (Parseval's theorem), born in Rosières-aux-Salines, France (d. 1836)
  • 1755-07-22 Gaspard de Prony, French mathematician (d. 1839)
  • 1756-08-29 Jan Śniadecki, Polish mathematician and astronomer, born in Żnin, Poland (d. 1830)
  • 1759-10-04 Louis François Antoine Arbogast, French mathematician (Du calcul des derivations), born in Mutzig, France (d. 1803)
  • 1760-07-08 Christian Kramp, French mathematician (d. 1826)
  • 1761-09-28 François Budan de Boislaurent, French mathematician, born in Limonade, Cap-Français, Saint-Domingue (d. 1840)
  • 1764-11-05 Pieter Nieuwland, Dutch scientist and mathematician (known as "Dutch Isaac Newton"), born in Diemermeer (d. 1794)
  • 1765-04-28 Sylvestre François Lacroix, French mathematician, born in Paris (d. 1843)
  • 1765-06-05 Johann Gottlieb Friedrich von Bohnenberger, German mathematician, born in Simmozheim (d. 1831)
  • 1765-09-22 Paolo Ruffini, Italian mathematician (d. 1822)
  • 1765-11-04 Pierre-Simon Girard, French mathematician and engineer (fluid mechanics), born in Caen, France (d. 1836)
  • 1765-12-22 Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathematician, born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1825)
  • 1768-03-21 Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Fourier, mathematician/Egyptologist
  • 1768-09-23 William Wallace, Scottish mathematician (Rights of Wallace)
  • 1771-06-19 Joseph Diez Gergonne, French mathematician, born in Nancy, France (d. 1859)
  • 1773-03-26 Nathaniel Bowditch, American mathematician, astronomer and author (Marine Sextant), born in Salem, Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1838)
  • 1775-02-09 Farkas/Wolfgang Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician (parallel axiom)

Person of interestSophie Germain

1776-04-01 Sophie Germain, French mathematician, born in Paris, France (d. 1831)

Mathematician Sophie Germain
Mathematician
Sophie Germain

Person of interestCarl Friedrich Gauss

1777-04-30 Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician considered one of the greatest of all time (Gaussian distribution, fundamental theorem of algebra), born in Brunswick, Germany (d. 1855)

Mathematician, Astronomer and Physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss
Mathematician, Astronomer and Physicist
Carl Friedrich Gauss
  • 1780-03-27 August Leopold Crelle, German inventor and mathematician (1st Prussian Railway), born in Eichwerder, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1855)
  • 1780-12-26 Mary Fairfax Somerville, British mathematician (d. 1872)
  • 1781-06-21 Siméon-Denis Poisson, French mathematician and physicist (the Poisson distribution), born in Pithiviers, France (d. 1840)
  • 1781-10-05 Bernard Bolzano, Czech mathematician and philosopher, born in Prague, Bohemia (d. 1848)
  • 1783-12-19 Charles-Julien Brianchon, French mathematician (Brianchon's theorem)
  • 1786-02-02 Jacques Philippe Marie Binet, French mathematician (d. 1856)
  • 1786-07-24 Joseph Nicollet, French mathematician and explorer, born in Cluses, Savoy, France (d. 1843)
  • 1788-07-01 Jean-Victor Poncelet, French mathematician and engineer who was one of the founders of modern projective geometry, born in Metz, France (d. 1867)
  • 1789-03-16 Georg Ohm, German physicist and mathematician (Ohm's law), born in Erlangen, Bavaria (d. 1854)
  • 1789-08-21 Augustin-Louis Cauchy, French mathematician and physicist, born in Paris (d. 1857)
  • 1790-03-15 Ludwig Immanuel Magnus, German mathematician (d. 1861)
  • 1790-11-17 August Ferdinand Möbius, German mathematician (d. 1868)
  • 1791-04-09 George Peacock, English mathematician (algebraic theory), born in County Durham, England (d. 1858)
  • 1792-12-01 Lobachevsky, mathematician
  • 1793-11-15 Michel Chasles, French mathematician (geometry), born in Épernon, France (d. 1880)
  • 1794-03-05 Jacques Babinet, French physicist/mathematician/astronomer
  • 1794-04-12 Germinal Pierre Dandelin, Belgian mathematician (geometry), born in Paris (d. 1847)
  • 1796-02-22 Adolphe Quetelet, Belgian astronomer, mathematician and sociologist (body mass index scale), born in Ghent, French Republic (d. 1874)
  • 1796-06-01 Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, French mathematician (d. 1832)
  • 1796-06-14 Nikolai Brashman, Russian mathematician, born in Neu-Raußnitz, Austrian Empire (d. 1866)
  • 1798-04-17 Étienne Bobillier, French mathematician, born in Lons-le-Saunier, France (d. 1840)
  • 1798-09-11 Franz E. Neumann, German mineralogist, mathematician and physicist, born in Joachimsthal, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1895)
  • 1800-05-30 Karl Wilhelm Feuerbach, German mathematician (Position of Feuerbach), born in Jena, Saxe-Weimar, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1834)
  • 1801-06-16 Julius Plücker, German mathematician and physicist (d. 1868)
  • 1801-07-27 George Biddell Airy, English mathematician and 7th Astronomer Royal, born in Alnwick, Northumberland, England (d. 1892)
  • 1801-08-28 Antoine Cournot, French philosopher and mathematician (rule of Cournot), born in Gray, France (d. 1877)
  • 1801-09-24 Mikhail Ostrogradsky, Russian physicist and mathematician, born in Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1862)
  • 1802-08-05 Niels H Abel, Norwegian mathematician (Abel's Comparisons)
  • 1802-12-15 Janos Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician (non-Euclidean geometry), born in Kolozsvár, Hungary (d. 1860)
  • 1803-01-02 Gugliemo Libri [della Somaia], Ital/Fren mathematician/book collector
  • 1803-09-29 Charles-Francois Sturm, French mathematician (Sturm's Theorem)
  • 1804-10-28 Pierre François Verhulst, Belgian mathematician (logistic curve), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1849)
  • 1804-12-10 Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi, German mathematician, born in Potsdam, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1851)
  • 1804-12-16 Viktor Bunyakovsky, Russian mathematician (d. 1889)
  • 1805-08-04 William Rowan Hamilton, Irish astronomer and mathematician, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1865)
  • 1809-04-04 Benjamin Pierce, American mathematician and astronomer (Peirce's criterion for outliers), born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1880)
  • 1809-04-15 Hermann Grassmann, German linguist and mathematician, born in Stettin, Province of Pomerania, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1877)
  • 1810-01-29 Earnest E Kummer, German mathematician
  • 1811-09-19 Orson Pratt, American mathematician and religious leader, born in Hartford, New York (d. 1881)
  • 1811-10-25 Évariste Galois, French mathematician (Group theory), born in Bourg-la-Reine, France (d. 1832)
  • 1812-09-29 Adolph Gopel, German mathematician, born in Rostock
  • 1814-05-30 Eugène Charles Catalan, French-Belgian mathematician (worked on continued fractions, descriptive geometry, number theory and combinatorics), born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1894)
  • 1815-10-31 Karl Weierstrass, German mathematician (theory of functions), born in Ostenfelde, Germany (d. 1897)
  • 1815-11-02 George Boole, English mathematician (Boolean algebra), born in Lincoln, England (d. 1864)

Person of interestAda Lovelace

1815-12-10 Ada Lovelace, English mathematician considered the first computer programmer, born in London (d. 1852)

Mathematician and Computer Programmer Ada Lovelace
Mathematician and Computer Programmer
Ada Lovelace
  • 1817-02-22 Carl Wilhelm Borchardt, German mathematician (d. 1880)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths

Deaths 101 - 200 of 482

  • 1748-01-01 Johann Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician, dies at 80
  • 1749-07-03 William Jones, Welsh mathematician (b. 1675)
  • 1749-09-10 Émilie du Châtelet, French mathematician and physicist (b. 1706)
  • 1750-12-01 Doppelmayr, mathematician
  • 1752-01-04 Gabriel Cramer, Swiss mathematician (paradox of Cramer), dies at 47
  • 1752-08-22 William Whiston, English Anglican priest and mathematician, dies at 84
  • 1754-04-15 Jacopo Riccati, Italian mathematician (Riccati equation), dies at 77
  • 1754-06-28 Martin Folkes, English antiquarian and mathematician, dies at 63
  • 1754-11-27 Abraham de Moivre, French mathematician (De Moivre's theorem), dies at 87
  • 1757-01-09 Louis Bertrand Castel, French mathematician, dies at 68
  • 1758-08-15 Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician (fotometrie), dies at 60
  • 1759-07-27 Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis, French mathematician and astronomer (Système de la nature), dies at 60
  • 1759-11-29 Nicolaus I Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (b. 1687)
  • 1761-04-17 Thomas Bayes, English mathematician
  • 1761-05-14 Thomas Simpson, English mathematician (rule of Simpson), dies at 50
  • 1761-09-19 Pieter Musschenbroek, Dutch mathematician and physician (Leydan jar), dies at 69
  • 1764-11-20 Christian Goldbach, German mathematician, dies
  • 1765-05-17 Alexis Clairaut, French mathematician (Clairaut's theorem), dies at 52
  • 1768-02-02 Robert Smith, English mathematician (b. 1689)
  • 1768-06-15 James Short, Scottish mathematician and manufacturer of telescopes, dies at 57
  • 1768-09-02 Antoine Deparcieux, French mathematician, dies at 64
  • 1768-10-01 Robert Simson, Scottish mathematician (Simson line), dies at 80
  • 1770-12-05 James Stirling, Scottish mathematician (Formula of Stirling), dies at 78
  • 1772-03-29 Emanuel Swedenborg, Swedish philosopher and mathematician (b. 1688)
  • 1773-07-07 Cornelis Douwes, Dutch mathematician and astronomer, dies at 60
  • 1774-02-04 Charles Marie de La Condamine, French mathematician and geographer (b. 1701)
  • 1777-09-25 Johann Heinrich Lambert, mathematician, dies at 49
  • 1777-10-05 Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician, dies at 72
  • 1781-07-29 Johann Kies, German astronomer and mathematician, dies at 73
  • 1782-03-17 Daniel Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician and physicist (10 time French award), dies at 82
  • 1782-05-20 William Emerson, British mathematician (b. 1701)

Person of interestLeonhard Euler

1783-09-18 Leonhard Euler, Swiss mathematician (Euler's Constant), dies of a brain hemorrhage at 76

Mathematician Leonhard Euler
Mathematician
Leonhard Euler
  • 1783-09-27 Étienne Bézout, French mathematician (b. 1730)

Person of interestJean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert

1783-10-29 Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert, French philosopher and mathematician (Encyclopédie), dies at 66

Enlightenment Philosopher Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert
Enlightenment Philosopher
Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert
  • 1783-11-23 Yoriyuki Arima, Japanese mathematician (approximated the value of pi and its square, pi^2), dies at 68
  • 1785-01-23 Matthew Stewart, Scottish mathematician (b. 1717)
  • 1785-06-02 Jean Paul de Gua de Malves, French mathematician (b. 1713)
  • 1790-01-15 John Landen, English mathematician (b. 1719)

MurderMarquis de Condorcet

1794-03-28 Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet, French enlightenment philosopher (Condorcet Method) and mathematician, is murdered or commits suicide in prison at 50

Enlightenment Philosopher Marquis de Condorcet
Enlightenment Philosopher
Marquis de Condorcet
  • 1794-03-29 Marie-J-A-N C Condorcet, mathematician (Theory of Comets), dies at 50
  • 1794-04-08 Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicholas-Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet, French mathematician and philosopher, dies in prison during the French Revolution at 50
  • 1794-11-14 Pieter Nieuwland, Dutch scientist and mathematician (known as "Dutch Isaac Newton"), dies at 30
  • 1796-01-01 Alexandre-Théophile Vandermonde, French mathematician, dies at 60
  • 1796-06-26 David Rittenhouse, American astronomer, inventor, and mathematician, dies at 64
  • 1799-02-19 Jean-Charles de Borda, French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, and sailor, dies at 65
  • 1799-12-18 Jean-Étienne Montucla, French mathematician, dies at 74
  • 1800-06-20 Abraham Gotthelf Kästner, German mathematician, dies at 80
  • 1802-09-26 Baron Jurij Vega, Slovenian mathematician and military officer (b. 1754)
  • 1803-04-18 Louis François Antoine Arbogast, French mathematician (Du calcul des derivations), dies at 43

Person of interestBenjamin Banneker

1806-10-09 Benjamin Banneker, African American astronomer, mathematician and surveyor of Washington, D.C., dies at 74

Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author Benjamin Banneker
Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author
Benjamin Banneker
  • 1807-08-15 Johann Nikolaus Tetens, German-Danish philosopher and mathematician, dies at 70
  • 1813-04-10 Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Italian mathematician and astronomer (number theory, celestial mechanics), dies at 77
  • 1818-03-25 Caspar Wessel, Danish-Norwegian mathematician, dies at 72
  • 1818-07-28 Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (b. 1746)
  • 1819-07-20 John Playfair, Scottish geologist/mathematician, dies
  • 1822-11-19 Johann Georg Tralles, German mathematician and physicist (b. 1763)
  • 1823-01-27 Charles Hutton, English mathematician and surveyor, dies at 85
  • 1823-08-02 Lazare Carnot, French politician, engineer and mathematician known as the Organizer of Victory in the French Revolutionary Wars, dies at 70
  • 1827-03-05 Pierre-Simon Laplace, French mathematician (b. 1749)
  • 1827-03-05 Pierre-Simon, marquis de Laplace, French mathematician, astronomer and physicist (stability of the solar system), dies at 77
  • 1828-06-11 Dugald Stewart, Scottish philosopher and mathematician (Scottish common sense), dies at 74
  • 1829-04-06 Niels H Able, Norwegian mathematician (infinite series), dies at 26
  • 1830-05-16 Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier, mathematician, dies
  • 1831-04-19 Johann Gottlieb Friedrich von Bohnenberger, German mathematician, dies at 65
  • 1832-05-31 Évariste Galois, French mathematician (Group theory), dies at 20
  • 1832-08-24 Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, French mathematician (b. 1796)
  • 1833-01-10 Adrien-Marie Legendre, French mathematician (worked on elliptic integrals), dies at 80
  • 1834-01-16 Jean Nicolas Pierre Hachette, French mathematician (b. 1769)
  • 1834-03-12 Karl Wilhelm Feuerbach, German mathematician (circle of Feuerbach), dies at 33
  • 1836-08-16 Marc-Antoine Parseval, French mathematician (Parseval's theorem), dies at 81
  • 1836-11-30 Pierre-Simon Girard, French mathematician and engineer (fluid mechanics), dies at 71
  • 1838-03-16 Nathaniel Bowditch, American mathematician, astronomer and author (Marine Sextant), dies at 64
  • 1839-07-29 Gaspard de Prony, French mathematician (b. 1755)
  • 1840-03-22 Étienne Bobillier, French mathematician, dies at 41
  • 1840-03-28 Simon-Antoine-Jean Lhuillier, Swiss mathematician, dies at 89
  • 1840-04-25 Siméon-Denis Poisson, French mathematician (Poisson distribution) and physicist, dies at 58
  • 1840-10-06 François Budan de Boislaurent, French mathematician, dies at 80
  • 1843-04-28 William Wallace, Scottish mathematician (rights of Wallace), dies at 74
  • 1843-05-24 Sylvestre François Lacroix, French mathematician, dies at 78
  • 1843-09-11 Joseph Nicollet, French mathematician and explorer, died at 57
  • 1847-06-07 Adolph Gopel, German mathematician, dies at 35
  • 1848-12-18 Bernard Bolzano, Bohemian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1781)
  • 1849-02-15 Pierre François Verhulst, Belgian mathematician (logistic curve), dies at 44
  • 1851-02-18 Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi, German mathematician, dies at 46
  • 1852-10-11 Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (number theory), dies at 29

Person of interestAda Lovelace

1852-11-27 Ada Lovelace, English mathematician and writer and daughter of poet Lord Byron, considered the first computer programmer, dies of uterine cancer at 36

Mathematician and Computer Programmer Ada Lovelace
Mathematician and Computer Programmer
Ada Lovelace
  • 1854-07-06 Georg Ohm, German physicist and mathematician (Ohm's law), dies at 65

Person of interestCarl Friedrich Gauss

1855-02-23 Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician considered one of the greatest of all time (Gaussian distribution, fundamental theorem of algebra), dies at 77

Mathematician, Astronomer and Physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss
Mathematician, Astronomer and Physicist
Carl Friedrich Gauss
  • 1855-10-06 August Leopold Crelle, German inventor and mathematician (1st Prussian Railway), dies at 75
  • 1855-12-15 Jacques Charles François Sturm, French mathematician (b. 1803)
  • 1856-05-12 Jacques Philippe Marie Binet, French mathematician (b. 1786)
  • 1856-11-20 Farkas/Wolfgang Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician, dies at 81
  • 1857-05-23 Augustin Louis Cauchy, French mathematician and physicist, dies at 67
  • 1858-11-08 George Peacock, English mathematician (algebraic theory), dies at 67
  • 1859-05-04 Joseph Diez Gergonne, French mathematician, dies at 87
  • 1859-05-05 Peter G L Dirichlet, German mathematician, dies at 53
  • 1859-12-05 Louis Poinsot, French mathematician and instrument maker, dies at 82
  • 1860-01-27 János Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician (non-Euclidean geometry), dies at 57

Famous Mathematicians