# Mathematicians in History (Part 2)

**Mathematics:**
Algebra -
Statisticians

## Famous Birthdays

Birthdays **101 - 200** of **499**

- 1701-01-28 Charles Marie de La Condamine, French mathematician and geographer (d. 1774)
- 1701-05-14 William Emerson, English mathematician (d. 1782)
- 1703-10-28 Antoine Deparcieux, French mathematician, born in Portes, Gard, France (d. 1768)
- 1704-07-31 Gabriel Cramer, Swiss mathematician (paradox of Cramer), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1752)
- 1704-10-09 Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician, born in Bratislava, Slovakia (d. 1777)

**Leonhard Euler**

1707-04-15 Leonhard Euler, Swiss mathematician (Euler's Constant), born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1783)

- 1710-06-10 James Short, Scottish mathematician and manufacturer of telescopes, born in Edinburgh (d. 1768)
- 1710-08-20 Thomas Simpson, English mathematician (rule of Simpson), born in Sutton Cheney, Leicestershire (d. 1761)
- 1712-08-24 Cornelis Douwes, Dutch mathematician and astronomer, born in Terschelling, Netherlands (d. 1773)
- 1713-05-03 Alexis Clairaut, French mathematician (Clairaut's theorem), born in Paris (d. 1765)
- 1713-09-14 Johann Kies, German astronomer and mathematician, born in Tübingen, Germany (d. 1781)
- 1714-11-25 Yoriyuki Arima, Japanese mathematician (approximated the value of pi and its square, pi^2) (d. 1783)

**Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert**

1717-11-16 Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert, French Enlightenment philosopher and mathematician (Encyclopédie), born in Paris (d. 1783)

- 1718-05-16 Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Italian mathematician (d. 1799)
- 1719-01-23 John Landen, English mathematician, born in England, United Kingdom (d. 1790)
- 1719-09-27 Abraham Gotthelf Kästner, German mathematician, born in Leipzig, Electorate of Saxony (d. 1800)
- 1725-09-05 Jean-Étienne Montucla, French mathematician, born in Lyon, France (d. 1799)
- 1730-03-31 Étienne Bézout, French mathematician (d. 1783)

**Benjamin Banneker**

1731-11-09 Benjamin Banneker, African American mathematician and surveyor of Washington, D.C., born in Ellicott's Mills, Maryland (d. 1806

- 1732-04-08 David Rittenhouse, American astronomer, inventor, and mathematician, born in Paper Mill Run, Pennsylvania (d. 1796)
- 1733-05-04 Jean-Charles de Borda, French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, and sailor, born in Dax, France (d. 1799)
- 1736-01-25 Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Italian mathematician & astronomer (number theory, celestial mechanics), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1813)
- 1736-09-16 Johann Nikolaus Tetens, German-Danish philosopher and mathematician, born in Tetenbüll, Duchy of Schleswig, Denmark (d. 1807)
- 1737-08-14 Charles Hutton, English mathematician and surveyor, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England (d. 1823)

**Marquis de Condorcet**

1743-09-17 Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet, French enlightenment philosopher (Condorcet Method) and mathematician, born in Ribemont, Picardy, France (d. 1794)

- 1745-06-08 Caspar Wessel, Danish-Norwegian mathematician, born in Vestby, Norway (d. 1818)
- 1746-05-10 Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (d. 1818)
- 1748-03-10 John Playfair, Scotland, clergyman/geologist/mathematician
- 1749-03-23 Pierre-Simon, marquis de Laplace, French mathematician, astronomer and physicist (stability of the solar system), born in Beaumount-en-Auge, Normandy, France (d. 1827)

**Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre**

1749-09-19 Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre, French mathematician and astronomer (The History of Astronomy), born in Amiens, France (d. 1822)

- 1750-04-24 Simon-Antoine-Jean Lhuillier, Swiss mathematician, born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1840)
- 1752-09-18 Adrien-Marie Legendre, French mathematician (worked on elliptic integrals), born in Paris (d. 1833)
- 1753-05-13 Lazare Carnot, French politician, engineer and mathematician known as the Organizer of Victory in the French Revolutionary Wars, born in Nolay, Côte-d'Or (d. 1823)
- 1753-11-22 Dugald Stewart, Scottish philosopher and mathematician (Scottish common sense), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1828)
- 1754-03-23 Baron Jurij Vega, Slovenian mathematician, physicist, and artillery officer (d. 1802)
- 1755-04-27 Marc-Antoine Parseval, French mathematician (Parseval's theorem), born in Rosières-aux-Salines, France (d. 1836)
- 1755-07-22 Gaspard de Prony, French mathematician (d. 1839)
- 1756-08-29 Jan Śniadecki, Polish mathematician and astronomer, born in Żnin, Poland (d. 1830)
- 1759-10-04 Louis François Antoine Arbogast, French mathematician (Du calcul des derivations), born in Mutzig, France (d. 1803)
- 1760-07-08 Christian Kramp, French mathematician (d. 1826)
- 1761-09-28 François Budan de Boislaurent, French mathematician, born in Limonade, Cap-Français, Saint-Domingue (d. 1840)
- 1764-11-05 Pieter Nieuwland, Dutch scientist and mathematician (known as "Dutch Isaac Newton"), born in Diemermeer (d. 1794)
- 1765-04-28 Sylvestre François Lacroix, French mathematician, born in Paris (d. 1843)
- 1765-06-05 Johann Gottlieb Friedrich von Bohnenberger, German mathematician, born in Simmozheim (d. 1831)
- 1765-09-22 Paolo Ruffini, Italian mathematician (d. 1822)
- 1765-11-04 Pierre-Simon Girard, French mathematician and engineer (fluid mechanics), born in Caen, France (d. 1836)
- 1765-12-22 Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathematician, born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1825)
- 1768-03-21 Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Fourier, mathematician/Egyptologist
- 1768-09-23 William Wallace, Scottish mathematician (Rights of Wallace)
- 1771-06-19 Joseph Diez Gergonne, French mathematician, born in Nancy, France (d. 1859)
- 1773-03-26 Nathaniel Bowditch, American mathematician, astronomer and author (Marine Sextant), born in Salem, Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1838)
- 1775-02-09 Farkas/Wolfgang Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician (parallel axiom)

**Sophie Germain**

1776-04-01 Sophie Germain, French mathematician, born in Paris, France (d. 1831)

**Carl Friedrich Gauss**

1777-04-30 Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician considered one of the greatest of all time (Gaussian distribution, fundamental theorem of algebra), born in Brunswick, Germany (d. 1855)

- 1780-03-27 August Leopold Crelle, German inventor and mathematician (1st Prussian Railway), born in Eichwerder, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1855)
- 1780-12-26 Mary Fairfax Somerville, British mathematician (d. 1872)
- 1781-06-21 Siméon-Denis Poisson, French mathematician and physicist (the Poisson distribution), born in Pithiviers, France (d. 1840)
- 1781-10-05 Bernard Bolzano, Czech mathematician and philosopher, born in Prague, Bohemia (d. 1848)
- 1783-12-19 Charles-Julien Brianchon, French mathematician (Brianchon's theorem)
- 1786-02-02 Jacques Philippe Marie Binet, French mathematician (d. 1856)
- 1786-07-24 Joseph Nicollet, French mathematician and explorer, born in Cluses, Savoy, France (d. 1843)
- 1788-07-01 Jean-Victor Poncelet, French mathematician and engineer who was one of the founders of modern projective geometry, born in Metz, France (d. 1867)
- 1789-03-16 Georg Ohm, German physicist and mathematician (Ohm's law), born in Erlangen, Bavaria (d. 1854)
- 1789-08-21 Augustin-Louis Cauchy, French mathematician and physicist, born in Paris (d. 1857)
- 1790-03-15 Ludwig Immanuel Magnus, German mathematician (d. 1861)
- 1790-11-17 August Ferdinand Möbius, German mathematician (d. 1868)
- 1791-04-09 George Peacock, English mathematician (algebraic theory), born in County Durham, England (d. 1858)
- 1792-12-01 Lobachevsky, mathematician
- 1793-11-15 Michel Chasles, French mathematician (geometry), born in Épernon, France (d. 1880)
- 1794-03-05 Jacques Babinet, French physicist/mathematician/astronomer
- 1794-04-12 Germinal Pierre Dandelin, Belgian mathematician (geometry), born in Paris (d. 1847)
- 1796-02-22 Adolphe Quetelet, Belgian astronomer, mathematician and sociologist (body mass index scale), born in Ghent, French Republic (d. 1874)
- 1796-06-01 Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, French mathematician (d. 1832)
- 1796-06-14 Nikolai Brashman, Russian mathematician, born in Neu-Raußnitz, Austrian Empire (d. 1866)
- 1798-04-17 Étienne Bobillier, French mathematician, born in Lons-le-Saunier, France (d. 1840)
- 1798-09-11 Franz E. Neumann, German mineralogist, mathematician and physicist, born in Joachimsthal, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1895)
- 1800-05-30 Karl Wilhelm Feuerbach, German mathematician (Position of Feuerbach), born in Jena, Saxe-Weimar, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1834)
- 1801-06-16 Julius Plücker, German mathematician and physicist (d. 1868)
- 1801-07-27 George Biddell Airy, English mathematician and 7th Astronomer Royal, born in Alnwick, Northumberland, England (d. 1892)
- 1801-08-28 Antoine Cournot, French philosopher and mathematician (rule of Cournot), born in Gray, France (d. 1877)
- 1801-09-24 Mikhail Ostrogradsky, Russian physicist and mathematician, born in Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1862)
- 1802-08-05 Niels H Abel, Norwegian mathematician (Abel's Comparisons)
- 1802-12-15 Janos Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician (non-Euclidean geometry), born in Kolozsvár, Hungary (d. 1860)
- 1803-01-02 Gugliemo Libri [della Somaia], Ital/Fren mathematician/book collector
- 1803-09-29 Charles-Francois Sturm, French mathematician (Sturm's Theorem)
- 1804-10-28 Pierre François Verhulst, Belgian mathematician (logistic curve), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1849)
- 1804-12-10 Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi, German mathematician, born in Potsdam, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1851)
- 1804-12-16 Viktor Bunyakovsky, Russian mathematician (d. 1889)
- 1805-08-04 William Rowan Hamilton, Irish astronomer and mathematician, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1865)
- 1809-04-04 Benjamin Pierce, American mathematician and astronomer (Peirce's criterion for outliers), born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1880)
- 1809-04-15 Hermann Grassmann, German linguist and mathematician, born in Stettin, Province of Pomerania, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1877)
- 1810-01-29 Earnest E Kummer, German mathematician
- 1811-09-19 Orson Pratt, American mathematician and religious leader, born in Hartford, New York (d. 1881)
- 1811-10-25 Évariste Galois, French mathematician (Group theory), born in Bourg-la-Reine, France (d. 1832)
- 1812-09-29 Adolph Gopel, German mathematician, born in Rostock
- 1814-05-30 Eugène Charles Catalan, French-Belgian mathematician (worked on continued fractions, descriptive geometry, number theory and combinatorics), born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1894)
- 1815-10-31 Karl Weierstrass, German mathematician (theory of functions), born in Ostenfelde, Germany (d. 1897)
- 1815-11-02 George Boole, English mathematician (Boolean algebra), born in Lincoln, England (d. 1864)

**Ada Lovelace**

1815-12-10 Ada Lovelace, English mathematician considered the first computer programmer, born in London (d. 1852)

## Famous Deaths

Deaths **101 - 200** of **482**

- 1748-01-01 Johann Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician, dies at 80
- 1749-07-03 William Jones, Welsh mathematician (b. 1675)
- 1749-09-10 Émilie du Châtelet, French mathematician and physicist (b. 1706)
- 1750-12-01 Doppelmayr, mathematician
- 1752-01-04 Gabriel Cramer, Swiss mathematician (paradox of Cramer), dies at 47
- 1752-08-22 William Whiston, English Anglican priest and mathematician, dies at 84
- 1754-04-15 Jacopo Riccati, Italian mathematician (Riccati equation), dies at 77
- 1754-06-28 Martin Folkes, English antiquarian and mathematician, dies at 63
- 1754-11-27 Abraham de Moivre, French mathematician (De Moivre's theorem), dies at 87
- 1757-01-09 Louis Bertrand Castel, French mathematician, dies at 68
- 1758-08-15 Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician (fotometrie), dies at 60
- 1759-07-27 Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis, French mathematician and astronomer (Système de la nature), dies at 60
- 1759-11-29 Nicolaus I Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (b. 1687)
- 1761-04-17 Thomas Bayes, English mathematician
- 1761-05-14 Thomas Simpson, English mathematician (rule of Simpson), dies at 50
- 1761-09-19 Pieter Musschenbroek, Dutch mathematician and physician (Leydan jar), dies at 69
- 1764-11-20 Christian Goldbach, German mathematician, dies
- 1765-05-17 Alexis Clairaut, French mathematician (Clairaut's theorem), dies at 52
- 1768-02-02 Robert Smith, English mathematician (b. 1689)
- 1768-06-15 James Short, Scottish mathematician and manufacturer of telescopes, dies at 57
- 1768-09-02 Antoine Deparcieux, French mathematician, dies at 64
- 1768-10-01 Robert Simson, Scottish mathematician (Simson line), dies at 80
- 1770-12-05 James Stirling, Scottish mathematician (Formula of Stirling), dies at 78
- 1772-03-29 Emanuel Swedenborg, Swedish philosopher and mathematician (b. 1688)
- 1773-07-07 Cornelis Douwes, Dutch mathematician and astronomer, dies at 60
- 1774-02-04 Charles Marie de La Condamine, French mathematician and geographer (b. 1701)
- 1777-09-25 Johann Heinrich Lambert, mathematician, dies at 49
- 1777-10-05 Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician, dies at 72
- 1781-07-29 Johann Kies, German astronomer and mathematician, dies at 73
- 1782-03-17 Daniel Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician and physicist (10 time French award), dies at 82
- 1782-05-20 William Emerson, British mathematician (b. 1701)

**Leonhard Euler**

1783-09-18 Leonhard Euler, Swiss mathematician (Euler's Constant), dies of a brain hemorrhage at 76

- 1783-09-27 Étienne Bézout, French mathematician (b. 1730)

**Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert**

1783-10-29 Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert, French philosopher and mathematician (Encyclopédie), dies at 66

- 1783-11-23 Yoriyuki Arima, Japanese mathematician (approximated the value of pi and its square, pi^2), dies at 68
- 1785-01-23 Matthew Stewart, Scottish mathematician (b. 1717)
- 1785-06-02 Jean Paul de Gua de Malves, French mathematician (b. 1713)
- 1790-01-15 John Landen, English mathematician (b. 1719)

**Marquis de Condorcet**

1794-03-28 Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet, French enlightenment philosopher (Condorcet Method) and mathematician, is murdered or commits suicide in prison at 50

- 1794-03-29 Marie-J-A-N C Condorcet, mathematician (Theory of Comets), dies at 50
- 1794-04-08 Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicholas-Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet, French mathematician and philosopher, dies in prison during the French Revolution at 50
- 1794-11-14 Pieter Nieuwland, Dutch scientist and mathematician (known as "Dutch Isaac Newton"), dies at 30
- 1796-01-01 Alexandre-Théophile Vandermonde, French mathematician, dies at 60
- 1796-06-26 David Rittenhouse, American astronomer, inventor, and mathematician, dies at 64
- 1799-02-19 Jean-Charles de Borda, French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, and sailor, dies at 65
- 1799-12-18 Jean-Étienne Montucla, French mathematician, dies at 74
- 1800-06-20 Abraham Gotthelf Kästner, German mathematician, dies at 80
- 1802-09-26 Baron Jurij Vega, Slovenian mathematician and military officer (b. 1754)
- 1803-04-18 Louis François Antoine Arbogast, French mathematician (Du calcul des derivations), dies at 43

**Benjamin Banneker**

1806-10-09 Benjamin Banneker, African American astronomer, mathematician and surveyor of Washington, D.C., dies at 74

- 1807-08-15 Johann Nikolaus Tetens, German-Danish philosopher and mathematician, dies at 70
- 1813-04-10 Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Italian mathematician and astronomer (number theory, celestial mechanics), dies at 77
- 1818-03-25 Caspar Wessel, Danish-Norwegian mathematician, dies at 72
- 1818-07-28 Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (b. 1746)
- 1819-07-20 John Playfair, Scottish geologist/mathematician, dies

**Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre**

1822-08-19 Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre, French mathematician and astronomer, dies at 72

- 1822-11-19 Johann Georg Tralles, German mathematician and physicist (b. 1763)
- 1823-01-27 Charles Hutton, English mathematician and surveyor, dies at 85
- 1823-08-02 Lazare Carnot, French politician, engineer and mathematician known as the Organizer of Victory in the French Revolutionary Wars, dies at 70
- 1827-03-05 Pierre-Simon Laplace, French mathematician (b. 1749)
- 1827-03-05 Pierre-Simon, marquis de Laplace, French mathematician, astronomer and physicist (stability of the solar system), dies at 77
- 1828-06-11 Dugald Stewart, Scottish philosopher and mathematician (Scottish common sense), dies at 74
- 1829-04-06 Niels H Able, Norwegian mathematician (infinite series), dies at 26
- 1830-05-16 Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier, mathematician, dies
- 1831-04-19 Johann Gottlieb Friedrich von Bohnenberger, German mathematician, dies at 65

**Sophie Germain**

1831-06-27 Sophie Germain, French mathematician, dies at 55

- 1832-05-31 Évariste Galois, French mathematician (Group theory), dies at 20
- 1832-08-24 Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, French mathematician (b. 1796)
- 1833-01-10 Adrien-Marie Legendre, French mathematician (worked on elliptic integrals), dies at 80
- 1834-01-16 Jean Nicolas Pierre Hachette, French mathematician (b. 1769)
- 1834-03-12 Karl Wilhelm Feuerbach, German mathematician (circle of Feuerbach), dies at 33
- 1836-08-16 Marc-Antoine Parseval, French mathematician (Parseval's theorem), dies at 81
- 1836-11-30 Pierre-Simon Girard, French mathematician and engineer (fluid mechanics), dies at 71
- 1838-03-16 Nathaniel Bowditch, American mathematician, astronomer and author (Marine Sextant), dies at 64
- 1839-07-29 Gaspard de Prony, French mathematician (b. 1755)
- 1840-03-22 Étienne Bobillier, French mathematician, dies at 41
- 1840-03-28 Simon-Antoine-Jean Lhuillier, Swiss mathematician, dies at 89
- 1840-04-25 Siméon-Denis Poisson, French mathematician (Poisson distribution) and physicist, dies at 58
- 1840-10-06 François Budan de Boislaurent, French mathematician, dies at 80
- 1843-04-28 William Wallace, Scottish mathematician (rights of Wallace), dies at 74
- 1843-05-24 Sylvestre François Lacroix, French mathematician, dies at 78
- 1843-09-11 Joseph Nicollet, French mathematician and explorer, died at 57
- 1847-06-07 Adolph Gopel, German mathematician, dies at 35
- 1848-12-18 Bernard Bolzano, Bohemian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1781)
- 1849-02-15 Pierre François Verhulst, Belgian mathematician (logistic curve), dies at 44
- 1851-02-18 Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi, German mathematician, dies at 46
- 1852-10-11 Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (number theory), dies at 29

**Ada Lovelace**

1852-11-27 Ada Lovelace, English mathematician and writer and daughter of poet Lord Byron, considered the first computer programmer, dies of uterine cancer at 36

- 1854-07-06 Georg Ohm, German physicist and mathematician (Ohm's law), dies at 65

**Carl Friedrich Gauss**

1855-02-23 Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician considered one of the greatest of all time (Gaussian distribution, fundamental theorem of algebra), dies at 77

- 1855-10-06 August Leopold Crelle, German inventor and mathematician (1st Prussian Railway), dies at 75
- 1855-12-15 Jacques Charles François Sturm, French mathematician (b. 1803)
- 1856-05-12 Jacques Philippe Marie Binet, French mathematician (b. 1786)
- 1856-11-20 Farkas/Wolfgang Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician, dies at 81
- 1857-05-23 Augustin Louis Cauchy, French mathematician and physicist, dies at 67
- 1858-11-08 George Peacock, English mathematician (algebraic theory), dies at 67
- 1859-05-04 Joseph Diez Gergonne, French mathematician, dies at 87
- 1859-05-05 Peter G L Dirichlet, German mathematician, dies at 53
- 1859-12-05 Louis Poinsot, French mathematician and instrument maker, dies at 82
- 1860-01-27 János Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician (non-Euclidean geometry), dies at 57