# Mathematicians in History (Part 3)

**Mathematics:**
Algebra -
Statisticians

## Famous Birthdays

Birthdays **201 - 300** of **499**

- 1819-08-13 George Gabriel Stokes, Irish physicist and mathematician (spectroscope), born in Skreen, County Sligo, Ireland (d. 1903)
- 1819-12-22 Pierre Ossian Bonnet, French mathematician, born in Montpellier, France (d. 1892)
- 1820-11-23 Isaac Todhunter, British mathematician (d. 1884)
- 1821-03-15 Eduard Heine, German mathematician (d. 1881)
- 1821-05-16 Pafnuty Chebyshev, Russian mathematician (d. 1894)
- 1822-03-04 Jules Antoine Lissajous, French mathematician (d. 1880)
- 1822-12-24 Charles Hermite, French mathematician (proof that e is transcendental), born in Dieuze, France (d. 1901)
- 1823-04-16 Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (number theory), born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1852)
- 1823-12-07 Leopold Kronecker, German mathematician (Tensor of Kronecker), born in Liegnitz, Province of Silesia, Prussia (d. 1891)
- 1826-09-17 Berhard Riemann, German mathematician (zeta-function), born in Breselenz, Hanover (d. 1866)
- 1827-01-21 Ivan Mikheevich Pervushin, Russian mathematician (d. 1900)
- 1830-12-07 Luigi Cremona, Italian mathematician (grafostatica), born in Pavia, Italy (d. 1903)
- 1831-10-06 Richard Dedekind, German mathematician (Nature & Meaning of Numbers), born in Braunschweig, Germany (d. 1916)
- 1832-05-07 Carl Neumann, German mathematician and physicist (Neumann-functions), born in Königsberg, Prussia (d. 1925)
- 1832-05-14 Rudolf Lipschitz, German mathematician (d. 1903)
- 1834-08-04 John Venn, English mathematician (Venn Diagram), born in Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire, England (d. 1923)
- 1835-03-12 Simon Newcomb, American scientist/mathematician/astronomer
- 1835-11-16 Eugenio Beltrami, Italian mathematician (non-Euclidean geometry), born in Cremona, Lombardy, Austrian Empire (d. 1900)
- 1836-08-11 Cato M. Guldberg, Norwegian mathematician and chemist (law of mass action), born in Christiania, Norway (d. 1902)
- 1837-09-14 Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician, born in Georgia, Russian Empire (d. 1903)
- 1838-01-05 Camille Jordan, French mathematician, born in Lyon, France (d. 1922)
- 1840-07-01 Robert Stawell Ball, Irish mathematician and astronomer (Ball Screw), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1913)
- 1841-11-20 Victor D'Hondt, Belgian mathematician, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1901)
- 1841-11-25 Ernst Schröder, German mathematician (algebraic logic), born in Mannheim, Baden, Germany (d. 1902)
- 1842-02-02 Yulian Vasilievich Sokhotski, Russian mathematician (d. 1927)
- 1842-04-04 Edouard Lucas, French mathematician (Lucas sequences), born in Amiens, France (d. 1891)
- 1842-08-16 Jakob Rosanes, German mathematician (algebraic geometry and invariant theory), born in Brody, Ukraine (d. 1922)
- 1842-10-01 Charles Cros, French inventor and poet (Le Hareng Saur), born in Fabrezan, France (d. 1888)
- 1842-12-17 Marius Sophus Lie, Norwegian mathematician (continous groups)
- 1843-09-27 Gaston Tarry, French mathematician, born in Villefranche de Rouergue, Aveyron, France (d. 1913)
- 1845-03-03 Georg Cantor, German mathematician (discover transfinite numbers)
- 1845-11-14 Ulisse Dini, Italian mathematician and politician (Fondamenti per la teorica delle funzioni di variabili reali), born in Pisa, Grand Duchy of Tuscany (d. 1918)
- 1847-05-10 Wilhelm Killing, German mathematician (d. 1923)
- 1848-11-08 Gottlob Frege, German mathematician and logician (Begriffsschrift), born in Wismar, Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, German Confederation (d. 1925)
- 1849-02-22 Nikolay Yakovlevich Sonin, Russian mathematician (d. 1915)
- 1849-04-25 Felix Klein, German mathematician (Evanston Colloquium), born in Düsseldorf, Germany (d. 1925)
- 1849-10-26 Ferdinand Georg Frobenius, German mathematician (Frobenius–Stickelberger formulae), born in Charlotteburg, Berlin, Germany (d. 1917)
- 1850-01-15 Sofia Kovalevskaya, Russian mathematician, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1891)
- 1850-04-13 Arthur Matthew Weld Downing, British mathematician and astronomer, born in County Carlow, Ireland (d. 1917)
- 1850-06-27 Jørgen Pedersen Gram, Danish mathematician (Gram–Schmidt process), born in Duchy of Schleswig, Denmark (d. 1919)
- 1851-07-24 Friedrich Schottky, German mathematician (Schottky's theorem), born in Breslau, Germany (d. 1935)
- 1852-04-12 Ferdinand von Lindemann, German mathematician (Proving π ["pi"] is a transcendental number), born in Hanover, German Confederation (now Germany) (d. 1939)
- 1853-01-12 Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro, Italian mathematician (tensor analysis)
- 1853-12-22 Yevgraf Fyodorov, Russian mathematician, born in Orensburg, Russia (d. 1919)
- 1854-04-29 Henri Poincaré, French mathematician (Poincaré conjecture), born in Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France (d. 1912)
- 1856-06-14 Andrey Markov, Russian mathematician (Markov Chain), born in Ryazan, Russian Empire (d. 1922)
- 1856-07-24 Charles Émile Picard, French mathematician, born in Paris (d. 1941)
- 1856-08-30 Carle David Tolmé Runge, German mathematician and physicist, born in Bremen, Germany (d. 1927)
- 1856-12-29 Thomas J Stieltjes, Dutch mathematician (Stieltjes integral), born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1894)
- 1857-04-10 Henry Ernest Dudeney, English mathematician and puzzle maker, born in Mayfield, East Sussex, England (d. 1930)
- 1857-06-06 Aleksandr Lyapunov, Russian mathematician (Lyapunov exponent), born in Yaroslavl, Russian Empire (d. 1918)
- 1858-06-23 William Ernst Johnson, mathematician, born in Cambridge, England
- 1858-08-27 Giuseppe Peano, Italian mathematician and glottologist, born in Spinetta, Piedmont, Italy (d. 1932)
- 1859-03-26 Adolf Hurwitz, German mathematician (Riemann–Hurwitz formula), born in Hildesheim, Germany (d. 1919)
- 1859-05-08 Johan Jensen, Danish mathematician (d. 1925)
- 1860-05-03 Vito Volterra, Italian mathematician and physicist, born in Ancona, Italy (d. 1940)
- 1860-06-08 Alicia Boole Stott, Irish mathematician, born in Cork, Ireland (d. 1940)
- 1861-02-15 Alfred North Whitehead, British mathematician and philosopher (Adventures of Ideas), born in Ramsgate, England (d. 1947)
- 1861-12-26 Friedrich Engel, German mathematician (group theory)
- 1862-01-23 David Hilbert, German mathematician (Hilbert spaces, invariant theory, axiomatization of geometry), born in Königsberg, East Prussia (d. 1943)
- 1863-04-17 Augustus Edward Hough Love, English mathematician (theory of elasticity), born in Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, England (d. 1940)
- 1863-05-14 John Charles Fields, Canadian mathematician and founder of the Fields Medal, born in Hamilton, Ontario (d. 1932)
- 1863-08-15 Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician, born in Alatyrsky District, Russia (d. 1945)
- 1863-12-05 Paul Painlevé, French Prime Minister (1917, 1925), born in Paris (d. 1933)
- 1864-01-09 Vladimir Steklov, Russian mathematician (d. 1926)
- 1864-06-22 Hermann Minkowski, German mathematician
- 1864-06-29 Ashutosh Mukherjee, Bengali educator, jurist, barrister and mathematician described as the "Banglar Bagh" (Tiger of Bengal), born in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1924)
- 1865-07-15 Wilhelm Wirtinger, Austrian mathematician (d. 1945)
- 1865-08-14 Guido Castelnuovo, Italian mathematician, born in Venice (d. 1952)
- 1865-12-08 Jacques Hadamard, French mathematician (proved the prime number theorem), born in Versailles, France (d. 1963)
- 1866-08-14 Charles Jean de la Vallée-Poussin, Belgian mathematician (Prime number theorem), born in Leuven, Belgium (d. 1962)
- 1867-05-17 Gerrit Mannoury, Dutch mathematician and philosopher, born in Wormerveer, Netherlands (d. 1956)
- 1868-03-15 Grace Chisholm Young, English mathematician (d. 1944)
- 1868-04-28 Georgy Voronoy, Russian mathematician (Voronoi diagram), born in Zhuravki, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1908)
- 1868-08-07 Ladislaus Bortkiewicz, Russian mathematician (Poisson distribution) and economist, born in Saint Petersburg, Imperial Russia (d. 1931)
- 1868-11-08 Felix Hausdorff, German mathematician (Hausdorff space), born in Breslau, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1942)
- 1869-12-22 Dmitri Egorov, Russian-Soviet mathematician, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1931)
- 1870-03-11 Louis Bachelier, French mathematician (d. 1946)
- 1870-06-18 Edouard Le Roy, French philosopher and mathematician
- 1871-01-07 Émile Borel, French mathematician and politician (d. 1956)
- 1871-03-04 Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (d. 1945)
- 1871-11-20 William Heard Kilpatrick, American mathematician and philosopher, born in White Plains, Georgia (d. 1965)

**Bertrand Russell**

1872-05-18 Bertrand Russell, English mathematician and philosopher (Nobel 1950), born in Trellech, England (d. 1970)

- 1873-03-29 Tullio Levi-Civita, Italian mathematician (Tensor calculus), born in Padua, Italy (d. 1941)
- 1873-09-28 Julian Coolidge, American mathematician (Study-Segre school), born in Brookline, Massachusetts (d. 1954)
- 1873-10-24 Edmund Taylor Whittaker, Southport, Lancashire, U.K., British mathematician (applied mathematics and the theory of special functions)
- 1873-12-11 Josip Plemelj, Slovenian mathematician, born in Bled, Austria-Hungary (d. 1967)
- 1875-06-28 Henri Lebesgue, French mathematician (Lebesgue integration), born in Beauvais, Oise, France (d. 1941)
- 1876-07-20 Otto Blumenthal, German mathematician (d. 1944)
- 1876-11-19 Tatyana Afanasyeva, Russian-Dutch mathematician and physicist (fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics), born in Kiev, Ukraine (d. 1964)
- 1877-02-07 G. H. Hardy, English mathematician (Hardy–Weinberg principle, A Mathematician's Apology), born in Cranleigh, England (d. 1947)
- 1877-09-11 James Hopwood Jeans, English physicist, mathematician and astronomer (The Mysterious Universe), born in Southport, Lancashire (d. 1946)
- 1878-02-28 Pierre Fatou, French mathematician (d. 1929)
- 1878-11-13 Max Dehn, German mathematician (Dehn’s lemma), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1952)
- 1878-12-21 Jan Łukasiewicz, Polish logician and philosopher, born in Lviv, Ukraine (d. 1956)
- 1879-09-27 Hans Hahn, Austrian mathematician, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1934)
- 1880-02-09 Lipót Fejér, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1959)
- 1880-02-22 Frigyes Riesz, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1956)
- 1881-01-17 Antoni Łomnicki, Polish mathematician (d. 1941)
- 1881-02-27 Luitzen [Bertus] Brouwers, Dutch mathematician

## Famous Deaths

Deaths **201 - 300** of **482**

- 1862-01-01 Mikhail Ostrogradsky, Russian physicist & mathematician, dies at 60
- 1862-03-01 Peter Barlow, English mathematician, dies at 85
- 1864-12-08 George Boole, English mathematician (Boolean algebra), dies at 49
- 1866-05-13 Nikolai Brashman, Russian mathematician, dies at 69
- 1866-07-20 Berhard Riemann, German mathematician (zeta-function), dies at 39
- 1867-12-22 Jean-Victor Poncelet, French mathematician and engineer who was one of the founders of modern projective geometry, dies at 79
- 1868-05-22 Julius Plucker, German mathematician/physicist (formula of P), dies
- 1868-09-26 August Ferdinand Möbius, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1790)
- 1869-09-28 Guglielmo Libri, Italian mathematician, dies at 66
- 1871-03-18 Augustus De Morgan, Indian-born British mathematician and logician (b. 1806)

**Charles Babbage**

1871-10-18 Charles Babbage, English mathematician/inventor (calculator), dies of renal failure at 79

- 1872-10-21 Jacques Babinet, French physicist/mathematician/astronomer, dies at 78
- 1872-11-07 Alfred Clebsch, German mathematician (b. 1833)
- 1874-02-17 Adolphe Quetelet, Belgian astronomer, mathematician and sociologist (body mass index scale), dies at 77
- 1877-03-31 Antoine Cournot, French philosopher and mathematician (rule of Cournot), dies at 75
- 1877-09-26 Hermann Grassmann, German linguist and mathematician, dies at 68
- 1878-07-07 Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician (b. 1847)
- 1880-10-06 Benjamin Pierce, American mathematician and astronomer (Peirce's criterion for outliers), dies at 71
- 1880-12-12 Michel Chasles, French mathematician (geometry), dies at 83
- 1881-10-03 Orson Pratt, American mathematician and religious leader, dies at 70
- 1882-09-08 Joseph Liouville, French mathematician (surface of Liouville), dies
- 1884-03-01 Isaac Todhunter, English mathematician, dies at 63
- 1888-08-09 Charles Cros, French inventor and poet (Le Hareng Saur), dies at 45
- 1889-12-12 Viktor Bunyakovsky, Russian mathematician (b. 1804)
- 1891-02-10 Sofia Kovalevskaya, Russian mathematician (b. 1850)
- 1891-09-18 William Ferrel, American mathematician (b. 1817)
- 1891-10-03 Edouard Lucas, French mathematician (Lucas sequences), dies at 49
- 1891-12-29 Leopold Kronecker, German mathematician (Tensor of Kronecker), dies at 68
- 1892-01-02 George Biddell Airy, English mathematician and 7th Astronomer Royal, dies at 90
- 1892-06-22 Pierre Ossian Bonnet, French mathematician (b. 1819)
- 1892-08-11 Enrico Betti, Italian mathematician (b. 1813)
- 1893-01-07 Jožef Stefan, Slovenian physicist and mathematician (b. 1835)
- 1893-05-14 Earnest E Kummer, German mathematician (surface of Kummer), dies at 83
- 1894-02-14 Eugène Charles Catalan, French-Belgian mathematician (worked on continued fractions, descriptive geometry, number theory and combinatorics), dies at 79
- 1894-12-08 Pafnuty Chebyshev, Russian mathematician (b. 1821)
- 1894-12-31 Thomas J Stieltjes, mathematician (Stieltjes-integral), dies at 38
- 1895-01-26 Arthur Cayley, mathematician, dies
- 1895-05-23 Franz E. Neumann, German mineralogist, mathematician and physicist, dies at 96
- 1897-02-19 Karl Weierstrass, German mathematician (theory of functions), dies at 81
- 1899-02-18 M Sophus Lie, Norwegian mathematician, dies at 56
- 1900-02-18 Eugenio Beltrami, Italian mathematician (non-Euclidean geometry), dies at 64
- 1900-06-29 Ivan Mikheevich Pervushin, Russian mathematician (b. 1900)
- 1901-01-14 Charles Hermite, French mathematician (proof that e is transcendental), dies at 78
- 1901-02-21 George Francis FitzGerald, Irish mathematician (b. 1851)
- 1901-05-30 Victor D'Hondt, Belgian mathematician, dies at 60
- 1902-01-14 Cato M. Guldberg, Norwegian mathematician and chemist (law of mass action), dies at 65
- 1902-06-16 Ernst Schröder, German mathematician (algebraic logic), dies at 60
- 1903-02-01 George Gabriel Stokes, Irish physicist & mathematician (spectroscope), dies at 83
- 1903-06-10 Luigi Cremona, Italian mathematician (grafostatica), dies at 72
- 1903-06-11 Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician, dies at 65
- 1903-10-07 Rudolf Lipschitz, German mathematician (b. 1832)
- 1908-11-20 Georgy Voronoy, Russian mathematician (Voronoi diagram), dies at 40
- 1909-01-12 Hermann Minkowski, German mathematician (b. 1864)
- 1912-07-17 Henri Poincaré, French mathematician (Poincaré conjecture), dies at 58
- 1913-06-21 Gaston Tarry, French mathematician, dies at 69
- 1913-11-25 Robert Stawell Ball, Irish mathematician and astronomer (Ball Screw), dies at 73
- 1915-01-28 Nikolay Umov, Russian physicist and mathematician known for discovering the Umov-Poynting vector and Umov effect, dies at 68
- 1916-02-12 Richard Dedekind, German mathematician (Nature & Meaning of Numbers), dies at 84
- 1916-04-29 Jørgen Pedersen Gram, Danish mathematician (Gram-Schmidt process), dies at 65
- 1917-08-03 Ferdinand Georg Frobenius, German mathematician (Frobenius–Stickelberger formulae), dies at 67
- 1917-12-08 Arthur Matthew Weld Downing, British mathematician and astronomer, dies at 67
- 1918-01-06 Georg F L P Cantor, German mathematician: collection, dies at 72
- 1918-10-28 Ulisse Dini, Italian mathematician and politician (Fondamenti per la teorica delle funzioni di variabili reali), dies at 72
- 1918-11-03 Aleksandr Lyapunov, Russian mathematician (Lyapunov exponent), dies at 61
- 1919-05-21 Yevgraf Fyodorov, Russian mathematician (b. 1853)
- 1919-11-18 Adolf Hurwitz, German mathematician (Riemann–Hurwitz formula), dies at 60
- 1920-01-03 Zygmunt Janiszewski, Polish mathematician, dies at 31
- 1920-04-26 Srinivasa Ramanujan, Indian mathematician (number theory), dies of illness at 32
- 1922-01-06 Jakob Rosanes, German mathematician (algebraic geometry and invariant theory), dies at 79
- 1922-07-20 Andrey Markov, Russian mathematician (Markov Chain), dies at 66
- 1923-02-11 Wilhelm Killing, German mathematician (b. 1847)
- 1923-04-04 John Venn, English mathematician (Venn Diagram), dies at 88
- 1924-05-25 Ashutosh Mukherjee, Bengali educator, jurist, barrister and mathematician described as the "Banglar Bagh" (Tiger of Bengal), dies abruptly at 59
- 1924-08-17 Pavel S "Paul" Urysohn, Russian mathematician, drowns at 26
- 1925-03-27 Carl Neumann, German mathematician and physicist (Neumann-functions), dies at 92
- 1925-06-22 Felix Klein, German mathematician (Evanstan Colloquium), dies at 76
- 1925-07-26 Gottlob Frege, German mathematician and logician (Begriffsschrift), dies at 76
- 1927-01-03 Carle David Tolmé Runge, German mathematician and physicist, dies at 70
- 1927-03-05 Franz Mertens, German mathematician (b. 1840)
- 1927-07-07 Gösta Mittag-Leffler, Swedish mathematician (b. 1846)
- 1927-12-14 Julian Sochocki, Russian-Polish mathematician, dies at 85
- 1928-09-29 Steinitz, mathematician, dies
- 1929-03-27 Samuil Shatunovsky, Ukrainian mathematician, dies at 70
- 1929-08-10 Pierre Fatou, French mathematician (b. 1878)
- 1930-04-24 Henry Ernest Dudeney, English mathematician and puzzle maker, dies at 73
- 1931-01-14 William Ernst Johnson, British mathematician, dies
- 1931-07-15 Ladislaus Bortkiewicz, Russian mathematician 9Poisson distribution) and economist (b. 1868)
- 1931-09-10 Dmitri Egorov, Russian mathematician (b. 1869)
- 1932-04-20 Giuseppe Peano, Italian mathematician and glottologist, dies at 73
- 1932-08-09 John Charles Fields, Canadian mathematician and founder of the Fields Medal, dies after a three-month illness at 69
- 1933-03-16 Alfred Haar, Hungarian mathematician, dies at 47
- 1933-10-29 Paul Painlevé, French Prime Minister (1917, 1925), dies at 69
- 1934-07-24 Hans Hahn, Austrian mathematician, dies at 54
- 1935-04-14 Amalie Emmy Noether, German mathematician (b. 1882)
- 1935-08-12 Friedrich Schottky, German mathematician (Schottky's theorem), dies at 84
- 1938-09-24 Lev Schnirelmann, Russian mathematician (b. 1900)
- 1939-03-06 Ferdinand von Lindemann, German mathematician (Proving π is a transcendental number), dies at 86
- 1939-09-29 Dickstein, mathematician, dies
- 1940-10-11 Vito Volterra, Italian mathematician and physicist, dies at 80
- 1940-12-17 Alicia Boole Stott, Irish mathematician, dies at 80