# Mathematicians in History (Part 4)

**Mathematics:**
Algebra -
Statisticians

## Famous Birthdays

Birthdays **301 - 400** of **499**

- 1882-01-21 Pavel Florensky, Russian mathematician (d. 1937)
- 1882-03-14 Waclaw Sierpinski, Polish mathematician (Sierpinski triangle), born in Warsaw, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1969)
- 1882-03-23 Emmy Noether, German mathematician (d. 1935)
- 1882-11-02 Leo Perutz, Austrian writer and mathematician, born in Prague (d. 1957)
- 1882-12-28 Arthur Eddington, English astrophysicist, cosmologist and mathematician (stars), born in Kendal, Westmorland, England (d. 1944)
- 1883-04-19 Richard von Mises, Austrian scientist and mathematician (probability theory), born in Lemberg, Austria-Hungary (d. 1953)
- 1883-09-15 Esteban Terradas i Illa, Spanish mathematician, scientist and engineer, born in Barcelona (d. 1950)
- 1883-12-09 Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician, born in Irkutsk, Russian Empire (d. 1950)
- 1884-03-21 George D Birkhoff, American mathematician (Aesthetic measure)
- 1885-10-11 Alfred Haar, Hungarian mathematician, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1933)
- 1885-11-09 Hermann Weyl, German mathematician and philosopher, born in Elmshom, Germany (d. 1955)
- 1885-11-09 Theodor Kaluza, German mathematician and physicist (Kaluza–Klein theory), born in Silesia, Germany (d. 1954)
- 1886-03-30 Stanislaw Lesniewski, Polish logician/mathematician
- 1887-05-23 Thoralf Skolem, Norwegian mathematician (d. 1963)
- 1887-12-13 George Pólya, Hungarian mathematician, born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1985)
- 1887-12-22 Srinivasa Ramanujan, Indian mathematician (number theory), born in Erode, British India (d. 1920)
- 1888-01-08 Richard Courant, German-American mathematician (d. 1972)
- 1888-06-12 Zygmunt Janiszewski, Polish mathematician, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1920)
- 1888-06-16 Peter Stoner, American mathematician and astronomer (d. 1980)
- 1888-09-19 James Waddell Alexander II, American mathematician and topologist, born in Sea Bright, New Jersey (d. 1971)
- 1889-03-04 Oscar Chisini, Italian mathematician (d. 1967)
- 1890-09-22 Ferdinand Gonseth, Swiss mathematician/philosopher
- 1891-04-22 Harold Jeffreys, English mathematician (Theory of Probability) and geophysicist, born in County Durham, England (d. 1989)
- 1891-09-14 Ivan Vinogradov, Russian mathematician (analytic number theory), born in Velikoluksky District, Russian Empire (d. 1983)
- 1892-10-28 Eduard Jan Dijksterhuis, Dutch historian of science (biography of Archimedes), born in Tilburg, Netherlands (d. 1965)
- 1893-02-02 Cornelius Lanczos, Hungarian mathematician, born in Székesfehérvár, Hungary (d. 1974)
- 1893-02-03 Gaston Julia, French mathematician (d. 1978)
- 1894-06-15 Nikolai Chebotaryov, Ukrainian mathematician (d. 1947)
- 1894-07-19 Aleksandr Yakovlevich Khinchin, Russian mathematician, born in Kondrovo, Kaluga Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1959)
- 1894-09-30 Dirk J Bush, Dutch-American mathematician (Concise History of Mathematics)
- 1894-11-26 Norbert Wiener, American mathematician (discovered cybernetics), born in Columbia, Missouri (d. 1964)
- 1895-12-05 Elbert Frank Cox, African-American mathematician (first African-American to receive PhD in Mathematics), born in Evansville, Indiana (d. 1969)
- 1896-01-31 Sofya Yanovskaya, Russian mathematician (d. 1966)
- 1896-02-02 Kazimierz Kuratowski, Polish mathematician and logician (d. 1980)
- 1896-05-07 Pavel Sergeevich Aleksandrov, Russian mathematician (topology), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1982)
- 1897-03-27 Douglas R. Hartree, English mathematician and physicist, born in Cambridge, England (d. 1958)
- 1898-02-03 Paul Urysohn, Russian mathematician
- 1898-08-25 Helmut Hasse, German mathematician, born in Kassel, Germany (d. 1979)
- 1898-11-07 Raphaël Salem, Greek mathematician, born in Saloniki, Ottoman Empire (d. 1963)
- 1899-03-13 John Van Vleck, American physicist, mathematician, and Nobel Laureate who pioneered the modern quantum mechanical theory of magnetism, born in Middletown, Connecticut (d. 1980)
- 1899-04-24 Oscar Zariski, Russian mathematician (algebraic geometry), born in Kobrin, Russian Empire (d. 1986)
- 1899-05-26 Otto E. Neugebauer, Austrian-American mathematician and historian, born in Innsbruck, Austria-Hungary (d. 1990)
- 1899-06-01 Edward Charles Titchmarsh, English mathematician (d. 1963)
- 1900-06-24 Wilhelm Cauer, German mathematician (d. 1945)
- 1900-11-19 Mikhail Lavrentyev, Russian hydrodynamicist and mathematician, born in Kazan, Russian Empire (d. 1980)
- 1900-12-17 Mary Cartwright, English mathematician, born in Aynho, United Kingdom (d. 1998)
- 1901-01-18 Ivan Petrovsky, Russian mathematician, born in Sevsk, Russia (d. 1973)
- 1901-08-15 Pyotr Sergeyevich Novikov, Russian mathematician (group theory), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1975)
- 1901-09-28 Friedrichs, mathematician
- 1902-01-14 Alfred Tarski, Polish-American logician & mathematician, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1983)
- 1902-02-13 Karl Menger, Austria-American mathematician (theory of dimension)
- 1902-09-23 Su Buqing, Chinese mathematician and educator (d. 2003)
- 1902-10-31 Abraham Wald, Hungarian mathematician (field of statistical sequential analysis), born in Cluj-Napoca, Austria-Hungary (d. 1950)
- 1902-11-17 Eugene Paul Wigner, mathematician/physicist (A Bomb, Nobel 1963)
- 1903-02-04 Alexander Oppenheim, mathematician
- 1903-04-25 Andrey Nikolayevich Kolmogorov, Russian mathematician (theory of probability), born in Tambov, Russia (d. 1987)
- 1903-05-15 Maria Reiche, German-born mathematician and archaeologist (d. 1998)
- 1903-06-14 Alonzo Church, American Mathematician whose work provided foundation for computer science, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1995)
- 1903-12-07 Danilo Blanuša, Croatian mathematician, born in Osijek, Austria-Hungary (d. 1987)
- 1903-12-28 John von Neumann, mathematician and astronomer (Bocher Award 1938), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1957)
- 1904-01-20 Renato Caccioppoli, Italian mathematician, born in Campania, Italy (d. 1959)
- 1904-04-20 George Stibitz, American mathematician and scientist, born in York, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
- 1904-07-08 Henri Cartan, French mathematician, born in Nancy (d. 2008)
- 1904-09-24 Owen Saunders, English mathematician and mechanical engineer, born in Streatham, London (d. 1993)
- 1904-11-11 J. H. C. Whitehead, British mathematician (one of the founders of homotopy theory), born in Madras, India (d. 1960)
- 1905-01-01 Stanisław Mazur, Lemberg, Western Ukraine, Polish mathematician (d. 1981)
- 1905-01-02 Lev Schnirelmann, Gomel, Russian Empire, mathematician (d. 1938)
- 1905-02-01 Ernst Carl Gerlach Stueckelberg, Basel Switzerland, eminent mathematician and physicist
- 1905-02-03 Arne Beurling, American mathematician (d. 1986)
- 1905-09-17 Hans Freudenthal, German-Dutch mathematician and director (OW&OC), born in Luckenwalde, Brandenburg (d. 1990)
- 1906-04-28 Kurt Gödel, Austrian-American mathematician (Gödel's incompleteness theorems), born in Brünn, Austria-Hungary (d. 1978)
- 1906-05-06 André Weil, French mathematician (foundational work in number theory and algebraic geometry), born in Paris (d. 1998)
- 1906-06-06 Max August Zorn, German mathematician (lemma of Zorn), born in Krefeld, Rhenish Prussia, Germany (d. 1993)
- 1906-06-13 Bruno de Finetti, Italian probabilist statistician and actuary, born in Innsbruck, Austria-Hungary (d. 1985)
- 1906-06-17 Thomas Cowling, British mathematician and astronomer, born in Walthamstow, Essex (d. 1990)
- 1906-07-07 William Feller, Croatian mathematician (d. 1970)
- 1906-10-24 Alexander Gelfond, Russian mathematician, born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1968)
- 1908-01-18 Jacob Bronowski, Polish-born British mathematician and science writer best known as the presenter of the BBC television series, The Ascent of Man, born in Łódź, Poland (d. 1974)
- 1908-01-19 Aleksandr Gennadievich Kurosh, Russian mathematician (d. 1971)
- 1908-02-12 Jacques Herbrand, French logician and mathematician (d. 1931)
- 1908-07-07 Evert W Beth, Dutch mathematician/philosopher
- 1908-09-03 Lev Pontryagin, Russian mathematician, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1988)
- 1908-10-06 Sergei Lvovich Sobolev, Russian mathematician (d. 1989)
- 1909-01-05 Stephen Cole Kleene, American mathematician (Regular Expressions), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1994)
- 1909-04-13 Stanislaw Ulam, Polish mathematician, born in Lemberg, Austria-Hungary (d. 1984)
- 1909-08-04 Saunders Mac Lane, American mathematician (co-founded category theory), born in Taftville, Connecticut (d. 2005)
- 1909-08-21 Nikolay Bogolyubov, Russian mathematician, born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia (d. 1992)
- 1909-11-27 Anatoly Maltsev, Russian mathematician (decidability of various algebraic groups), born in Moscow (d. 1967)
- 1910-03-30 Józef Marcinkiewicz, mathematician (d. 1940)
- 1910-04-22 Norman Steenrod, American mathematician (algebraic topology), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 1971)
- 1910-11-20 Willem Jacob van Stockum, Dutch physicist and mathematician, born in Hattem, Netherlands (d. 1944)
- 1911-05-22 Anatol Rapoport, Ukrainian-American mathematician and biologist (game theory), born in Lozova, Kharkov Governorate, Russia (d. 2007)
- 1911-11-02 Raphael M. Robinson, American mathematician, born in National City, California (d. 1995)
- 1912-01-01 Boris Vladimirovich Gnedenko, Russian mathematician (d. 1995)

**Alan Turing**

1912-06-23 Alan Turing, British mathematician and computer scientist pioneer (Turing Machine), born in London (d. 1954)

- 1912-08-04 Aleksandr Danilovich Aleksandrov, Russian mathematician, physicist, philosopher, and mountaineer, born in Volyn, Ryazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1999)
- 1913-03-26 Paul Erdős, Hungarian mathematician, born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1996)
- 1914-03-19 Leonidas Alaoglu, Greek-Canadian mathematician (d. 1981)
- 1914-06-29 Christos Papakyriakopoulos, Greek mathematician, born in Chalandri, Athens, Greece (d. 1976)
- 1914-09-05 Nicanor Parra, Chilean poet, mathematician, and physicist (Defense of Violeta Parra), born in San Fabián de Alico, Chile (d. 2018)

## Famous Deaths

Deaths **301 - 400** of **482**

- 1941-07-04 Antoni Łomnicki, Polish mathematician (b. 1881)
- 1941-07-26 Henri Lebesgue, French mathematician (Lebesgue integration), dies at 66
- 1941-09-29 Friedrich Angel, German mathematician (group theory), dies at 79
- 1941-12-11 Charles Émile Picard, French mathematician, died at 85
- 1942-01-26 Felix Hausdorff, German mathematician (Hausdorff space), dies at 73
- 1943-02-14 David Hilbert, German mathematician (Hilbert spaces, invariant theory, axiomatization of geometry, dies at 81
- 1944-06-10 Willem Jacob van Stockum, Dutch physicist and mathematician, dies at 33
- 1944-07-17 William James Sidis, American mathematician and child prodigy, dies from a cerebral hemorrhage at 46
- 1944-11-12 George D Birkhoff, American mathematician (Aesthetic measure), dies at 60
- 1944-11-22 Arthur Eddington, English astrophysicist, cosmologist and mathematician (stars), dies at 61
- 1945-07-12 Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (b. 1871)
- 1945-10-26 Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician, dies at 82
- 1946-04-28 Louis Bachelier, French mathematician, dies at 76
- 1946-09-16 James Hopwood Jeans, English physicist, mathematician and astronomer (The Mysterious Universe), dies at 69
- 1947-10-02 Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1878)
- 1947-12-01 G. H. Hardy, English mathematician (Hardy–Weinberg principle, A Mathematician's Apology), dies at 70
- 1950-01-28 Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician, dies at 66
- 1950-02-02 Constantin Carathéodory, Greek mathematician (b. 1873)
- 1950-05-09 Esteban Terradas i Illa, Catalan mathematician, scientist and engineer, dies at 66
- 1950-12-13 Abraham Wald, Hungarian mathematician (field of statistical sequential analysis), dies at 48
- 1951-05-06 Élie Cartan, French mathematician (b. 1869)
- 1952-04-27 Guido Castelnuovo, Italian mathematician, dies at 86
- 1952-06-27 Max Dehn, German mathematician (Dehn’s lemma), dies at 73
- 1953-07-14 Richard von Mises, Austrian scientist and mathematician (probability theory), dies at 70
- 1954-01-19 Theodor Kaluza, German mathematician and physicist (Kaluza-Klein theory), dies at 68
- 1954-03-05 Julian Coolidge, American mathematician (Study-Segre school), dies at 80

**Alan Turing**

1954-06-07 Alan Turing, British mathematician and computer scientist pioneer (Turing Machine), commits suicide at 41 (b. 1912)

- 1955-12-09 Hermann Weyl, German mathematician and philosopher, dies at 70
- 1956-01-30 Gerrit Mannoury, Dutch mathematician and philosopher, dies at 88
- 1956-02-03 Émile Borel, French mathematician (b. 1871)
- 1956-03-24 Edmund Taylor Whittaker, British mathematician (applied mathematics and the theory of special functions), dies at 82
- 1957-02-08 John von Neumann, mathematician and astronomer (Bocher Award 1938), dies at 53
- 1957-08-25 Leo Perutz, Austrian writer and mathematician, dies at 74
- 1958-02-12 Douglas R. Hartree, English mathematician and physicist, dies at 60
- 1959-05-08 Renato Caccioppoli, Italian mathematician/pianist, suicide at 55
- 1959-10-15 Lipót Fejér, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1880)
- 1959-11-18 Aleksandr Yakovlevich Khinchin, Russian mathematician, dies at 65
- 1960-05-08 J. H. C. Whitehead, British mathematician (one of the founders of homotopy theory), dies at 55
- 1960-08-10 Oswald Veblin, mathematician
- 1961-04-04 Simion Stoilow, Romanian mathematician (b. 1873)
- 1962-03-02 Charles Jean de la Vallée-Poussin, Belgian mathematician (Prime number theorem), dies at 95
- 1962-10-02 Boris Y. Bukreev, Russian mathematician (b. 1859)
- 1963-06-20 Raphaël Salem, Greek mathematician, dies at 64
- 1963-10-17 Jacques Hadamard, French mathematician (proved the prime number theorem), dies at 97
- 1964-03-18 Norbert Wiener, American mathematician (discovered cybernetics), dies at 69
- 1964-04-14 Tatyana Afanasyeva, Russian-Dutch mathematician and physicist (fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics), dies at 87
- 1965-02-13 William Heard Kilpatrick, American mathematician and philosopher, dies at 93
- 1965-05-18 Eduard Jan Dijksterhuis, Dutch historian of science (biography of Archimedes), dies at 72
- 1966-09-10 Emil Gumbel, German mathematician and pacifist (b. 1891)
- 1966-10-24 Sofya Yanovskaya, Russian mathematician (b. 1896)
- 1966-12-02 Luitzen [Bertus] Brouwers, Dutch mathematician, dies at 85
- 1967-03-04 Michel Plancherel, Swiss mathematician (b. 1885)
- 1967-05-22 Josip Plemelj, Slovenian mathematician, dies at 93
- 1967-06-07 Anatoly Maltsev, Russian mathematician (decidability of various algebraic groups), dies at 57
- 1968-10-06 Phyllis Nicolson, British mathematician (Crank-Nicolson method), dies at 51
- 1968-11-07 Alexander Gelfond, Russian mathematician, dies at 62
- 1969-10-21 Waclaw Sierpinski, Polish mathematician (Sierpinski triangle), dies at 87
- 1969-11-28 Elbert Frank Cox, African-American mathematician (first African-American to receive PhD in Mathematics), dies at 73
- 1970-01-14 William Feller, Croatian mathematician (b. 1906)
- 1970-02-01 Alfréd Rényi, Hungarian mathematician, dies at 48

**Bertrand Russell**

1970-02-02 Bertrand Russell, English mathematician and philosopher (Nobel 1950), dies at 97

- 1970-09-14 Rudolph Carnap, German philosopher and mathematician, dies at 79
- 1971-06-03 Heinz Hopf, German mathematician (b. 1894)
- 1971-09-23 James Waddell Alexander II, American mathematician and topologist, dies at 83
- 1971-10-14 Norman Steenrod, American mathematician (algebraic topology), dies at 61
- 1971-12-15 Paul Pierre Lévy, French mathematician (b. 1886)
- 1972-01-27 Richard Courant, German-American mathematician, dies at 84
- 1972-09-27 S. R. Ranganathan, Indian mathematician (b. 1892)
- 1973-01-15 Ivan Petrovsky, Russian mathematician (b. 1901)
- 1974-06-25 Cornelius Lanczos, Hungarian mathematician, dies at 81
- 1974-08-22 Jacob Bronowski, Polish-born British mathematician and science writer best known as the presenter of the BBC television series, The Ascent of Man, dies of a heart attack at 66
- 1975-01-09 Pyotr Sergeyevich Novikov, Russian mathematician (group theory), dies at 73
- 1976-06-29 Christos Papakyriakopoulos, Greek mathematician, dies at 62
- 1977-09-18 Paul Bernays, Swiss mathematician (b. 1888)
- 1978-01-14 Kurt Gödel, Austrian-American mathematician (Gödel's incompleteness theorems), dies at 71
- 1978-03-19 Gaston Julia, French mathematician (b. 1893)
- 1980-03-21 Peter Stoner, American mathematician, astronomer and Christian apologist, dies at 92
- 1980-05-28 Rolf Nevanlinna, Finnish mathematician (b. 1895)
- 1980-07-14 Felix Berezin, Russian physicist and mathematician (Berezin integral), dies at 49
- 1980-07-17 Boris Delaunay, Russian mathematician (b. 1890)
- 1980-10-15 Mikhail Lavrentyev, Russian hydrodynamicist and mathematician, dies at 79
- 1980-10-27 John Van Vleck, American physicist, mathematician, and Nobel Laureate who pioneered the modern quantum mechanical theory of magnetism, dies at 81
- 1982-09-01 Haskell Curry, American mathematician (b. 1900)
- 1982-11-16 Pavel Sergeevich Aleksandrov, Russian Mathematician (topology), dies at 86
- 1983-03-20 Ivan Vinogradov, Russian mathematician (analytic number theory), dies at 91
- 1983-12-01 Mirsky, mathematician, dies
- 1984-05-13 Stanislaw Ulam, Polish mathematician, dies at 75
- 1984-12-03 Vladimir Abramovich Rokhlin, Russian mathematician (b. 1919)
- 1985-07-30 Julia Hall Bowman Robinson, American mathematician (b. 1919)
- 1986-07-04 Oscar Zariski, Russian mathematician (algebraic geometry), dies at 87
- 1986-10-05 James H. Wilkinson, English mathematician (b. 1919)
- 1986-10-06 Alexander Kronrod, Russian mathematician (b. 1921)
- 1986-11-04 Kurt Hirsch, German mathematician (b. 1906)
- 1987-08-08 Danilo Blanuša, Croatian mathematician, dies at 83
- 1987-10-20 Andrey Nikolayevich Kolmogorov, Russian mathematician (theory of probability), dies at 84
- 1988-01-24 Werner Fenchel, German mathematician (b. 1905)
- 1988-05-03 Lev Pontryagin, Russian mathematician, dies at 79
- 1989-01-03 Sergei Lvovich Sobolev, Russian mathematician (b. 1909)
- 1989-03-18 Harold Jeffreys, English mathematician (Theory of Probability) and geophysicist, dies at 97
- 1990-06-16 Thomas Cowling, British mathematician and astronomer, dies at 83