Medical Science in History

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

1527-06-24 Paracelsus publicly burns standard medical textbooks in Basle as a protest against the current teaching and practice of medicine

Physician and Alchemist Paracelsus
Physician and Alchemist
Paracelsus
  • 1582-12-15 Leidse university names Rembert Dodoens professor of botany and medicine
  • 1677-01-21 1st medical publication in America (pamphlet on smallpox), published in Boston
  • 1760-06-10 NY passes 1st effective law regulating practice of medicine
  • 1765-05-03 1st North American medical college opens in Philadelphia
  • 1768-06-21 1st medical diploma in America is granted to Dr John Archer from the College of Philadelphia
  • 1772-09-26 New Jersey passes bill requiring a license to practise medicine
  • 1818-04-14 US Medical Corps forms
  • 1847-05-05 American Medical Association organized (Philadelphia)
  • 1847-05-07 American Medical Association organizes (Philadelphia)
  • 1848-10-16 1st US homeopathic medical college opens in Pennsylvania
  • 1848-11-01 Classes begin at Boston Female Medical College, 1st US female medical college
  • 1848-11-23 Female Medical Educational Society forms in Boston

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1849-01-23 Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman in the US to earn a medical degree

  • 1850-03-11 Women's Medical College of Pennsylvania opens, 2nd female medical school in the US
  • 1863-03-19 Confederate cruiser SS Georgiana destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, and medicines then valued over $1,000,000. Wreck discovered exactly 102 years later by teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence.

  • 1863-10-26 International conference begins in Geneva aimed at improving medical conditions on battlefields - beginning of the Red Cross
  • 1864-03-01 Rebecca Lee in the US becomes 1st African American woman to receive a medical degree
  • 1867-07-17 1st US dental school, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1869-06-21 William James passes his medical examination

Father of American psychology William James
Father of American psychology
William James
  • 1873-02-20 University of California gets its first Medical School (UC/San Francisco)
  • 1876-11-07 Meharry Medical College forms at Central Tennesse College
  • 1880-07-16 Dr. Emily Stowe becomes the first woman licenced to practise medicine in Canada.
  • 1884-04-24 National Medical Association of Black physicians organizes in Atlanta
  • 1892-12-30 Dr Miles V Lynk, physician, publishes 1st Black medical journal

InventionScientific Discovery

1896-01-05 "Die Presse" newspaper (Germany) publicly announces Wilhelm Röntgen's discovery of X-rays and their potential for new methods of medical diagnoses in a front-page article

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Wilhelm Röntgen

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1904-12-10 Ivan Pavlov awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for work on the physiology of digestion, first Russian to win a Nobel Prize

Physiologist Ivan Pavlov
Physiologist
Ivan Pavlov
  • 1907-12-10 The worst night of the Brown Dog riots in London, when 1,000 medical students clash with 400 police officers over the existence of a memorial for animals who have been vivisected.
  • 1916-12-14 America's first board certified doctors are named by the American Board of Ophthalmology following an examination at the University of Tennessee Medical School in Memphis, Tennessee
  • 1920-08-20 Israel publishes its first medical journal "Ha-Refuah"

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1920-12-10 August Krogh is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the regulation mechanisms of capillaries in skeletal muscle

Zoophysiologist and Nobel Laureate August Krogh
Zoophysiologist and Nobel Laureate
August Krogh
  • 1924-10-24 Nobel prize for physiology or medicine awarded to Dutchman Willem Einthoven "for his discovery of the mechanism of the electrocardiogram"
  • 1929-02-19 Medical diathermy machine 1st used, Schenectady, NY

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1929-12-10 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine jointly awarded to Christiaan Eijkman and Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins for the discovery of vitamins

Physician and Nobel Laureate Christiaan Eijkman
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Christiaan Eijkman
  • 1936-12-24 1st radioactive isotope medicine administered in Berkeley, California
  • 1937-02-24 1st US group hospital-medical cooperative authorized, Washington, D.C.

  • 1937-07-05 117°F (47°C), Medicine Lake, Montana (state record)
  • 1938-04-12 1st US law requiring medical tests for marriage licenses (NY)
  • 1939-05-14 Lina Medina of Peru becomes the world's youngest confirmed mother in medical history at the age of five

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941-06-07 Chemists Archer John Porter Martin and Richard L. M. Synge give the first demonstration of partition chromatography (separation of mixtures) at a meeting of the Biochemical Society held at the National Institute for Medical Research, Hampstead

Nobel Prize Winning Chemist Archer John Porter Martin
Nobel Prize Winning Chemist
Archer John Porter Martin

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1947-12-10 American physiologists Joseph Erlanger and Herbert Gasser presented with Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in Stockholm (awarded 1944) , for research into nerve function

Physiologist Joseph Erlanger
Physiologist
Joseph Erlanger
  • 1948-12-03 1st US woman army officer not in medical corps sworn in
  • 1949-06-23 First twelve women graduate from Harvard Medical School
  • 1950-03-08 1st woman medical officer assigned to naval vessel (BR Walters)
  • 1954-05-24 Dr Peter Murray Marshall becomes 1st African American to head an American Medical Association unit (New York County)
  • 1954-06-13 Cornerstone of Albert Einstein College of Medicine laid in Bronx
  • 1957-06-27 The British Medical Research Council publishes a report suggesting a direct link between smoking and lung cancer.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961-02-01 British minister Enoch Powell makes medical insurance more expensive

British Politican Enoch Powell
British Politican
Enoch Powell

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961-12-23 Fidel Castro announces Cuba will release 1,113 prisoners from failed 1961 Bay of Pigs Invasion for $62M worth of food & medical supplies

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1962-10-18 James Watson (US), Francis Crick (UK) and Maurice Wilkins (UK) win the Nobel Prize for Medicine for their work in determining the structure of DNA

Molecular biologist Francis Crick
Molecular biologist
Francis Crick
Molecular Biologist James Watson
Molecular Biologist
James Watson

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1967-12-10 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine awarded to Ragnar Granit, Haldan Keffer Hartline and George Wald "for discoveries about the make-up of the eye

Scientist George Wald
Scientist
George Wald
  • 1974-06-01 The Heimlich maneuver for rescuing choking victims is published in the journal Emergency Medicine
  • 1978-06-28 Supreme Court orders Cal medical school to admit Allan Bakke a white man claiming reverse discrimination when application was rejected
  • 1978-09-11 The last known person dies of smallpox - medical photographer Janet Parker through infection in a laboratory, in Birmingham, England
  • 1979-10-11 Allan McLeod Cormack & Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield win Nobel Prize for medicine for developing CAT scan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979-10-22 Deposed Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi arrives in NYC for medical treatment

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980-06-12 Ronald Reagan says he will submit to periodic medical tests

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1981-06-18 The AIDS epidemic is formally recognized by medical professionals in San Francisco, California

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982-01-05 Star center Darryl Sittler leaves the Toronto Maple Leafs on medical advice because of mental depression; trade request was taking too long

NHL Legend Darryl Sittler
NHL Legend
Darryl Sittler
  • 1986-12-17 Mrs Davina Thompson makes medical history by having the 1st heart, lung & liver transplant at Papworth Hospital in Cambridge, England
  • 1996-04-23 US docuseries "Forensic Files" (Medical Detectives) premieres on TLC Network
  • 1997-06-04 UN Security renews its "oilforfood" initiative whereby Iraq may sell $2 billion worth of oil to buy food, medicine and other necessities to alleviate civilian suffering under the sanctions imposed when it invaded Kuwait in 1990
  • 1997-11-16 After nearly 18 years of incarceration, the People's Republic of China releases Wei Jingsheng, a pro-democracy dissident, from jail for medical reasons.

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1998-12-10 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine presented to Gertrude B. Elion, George H. Hitchings and James W. Black for development of new drugs

Biochemist and Drug Researcher Gertrude B. Elion
Biochemist and Drug Researcher
Gertrude B. Elion
  • 1999-01-14 Mel Lastman, Mayor of Toronto, calls in the Army to help with snow removal and emergency medical evacuations after major snowstorm hits the city

Appears on tv showTelevision Debut

2005-03-27 TV medical drama "Grey's Anatomy" created by Shonda Rhimes starring Ellen Pompeo and Sandra Oh debuts on ABC

TV Producer Shonda Rhimes
TV Producer
Shonda Rhimes
Actress Ellen Pompeo
Actress
Ellen Pompeo
  • 2005-06-06 The United States Supreme Court votes to ban medical marijuana in Gonzales v. Raich.
  • 2009-11-05 US Army Major Nidal Malik Hasan (US Army Medical Corps) killed 13 and wounded 43 at Fort Hood, Texas in the largest mass shooting ever at a US military installation.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2011-11-18 Former Filipino President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo is arrested and held at Veterans Memorial Medical Center in Quezon City under charges of electoral sabotage

14th President of the Philippines Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
14th President of the Philippines
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2011-12-11 Jeopardy! host Alex Trebek suffers a minor heart attack in his home and is admitted to Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Host of Jeopardy! Alex Trebek
Host of Jeopardy!
Alex Trebek

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

2012-10-08 John B. Gurdon and Shinya Yamanaka win the 2012 Nobel Prize for Medicine for their work on reprogramming end stage cells to become pluripotent

Developmental biologist John B. Gurdon
Developmental biologist
John B. Gurdon
Physician Shinya Yamanaka
Physician
Shinya Yamanaka
  • 2013-10-07 James Rothman, Randy Schekman and  Thomas C. Südhof win the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their work on transport systems in cells
  • 2014-07-09 Spokesperson for Medical Aid for Palestinians claims that at least 7 children have been killed by Israeli air strikes
  • 2014-08-27 Medical charity Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) calls the international response to Ebola “irresponsible” and “slow and derisory”
  • 2014-10-06 John O'Keefe, May-Britt Moser and Edvard Moser win the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 2015-06-22 JAMA Internal Medical Journal announces obese Americans now outnumber those just overweight
  • 2015-08-14 Most extensive face transplant surgery ever performed on Patrick Hardison by Dr. Eduardo Rodriguez at New York University Langone Medical Center
  • 2015-10-05 Nobel prize for Medicine awarded to William C. Campbell, Satoshi Ōmura (Roundworm) and Youyou Tu (Malaria)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016-09-21 Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg and his wife Priscilla Chan pledge $3 billion to medical research to "cure, prevent or manage all diseases by the end of the century"

Facebook Founder Mark Zuckerberg
Facebook Founder
Mark Zuckerberg
  • 2016-10-03 Yoshinori Ohsumi from Japan wins Nobel Prize for Medicine for research into autophagy
  • 2017-08-10 Scientists study identifying nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) deficiency major cause of miscarriages and multiple birth defects published in "New England Journal of Medicine"
  • 2017-10-02 US scientists Jeffrey C. Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael Young awarded Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine for work on the body clock
  • 2017-11-07 Extreme smog in Delhi, India, leads Indian Medical Association to declare "a state of medical emergency"
  • 2018-08-02 Tokyo Medical University revealed to have been tampering with female entrance exams to ensure under 30% accepted, by Japanese newspaper "Yomiuri Shimbun"
  • 2018-10-01 Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology awarded to James Allison and Tasuku Honjo for cancer treatment innovations
  • 2018-10-03 259 people have died taking selfies since 2011 according to study in "Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care"
  • 2019-02-11 Artificial Intelligence system meant to assist diagnosis in the future, pitted against physicians in test to diagnose 600,000 patients in results published in "Nature Medicine", A.I. won, just
  • 2019-05-01 Two-time South African Olympic champion runner Caster Semenya loses appeal against proposed rules to limit her testosterone levels; medically reducing levels the only way to continue competition
  • 2019-05-30 Two new studies find eating processed foods leads to an early death and ill health published in "British Medical Journal"
  • 2019-10-07 Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology awarded to Peter Ratcliffe, William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza for discovering how cells sense oxygen
  • 2020-03-20 Smoke from Australian bushfires killed more people than the fires - 417 vs 33 according to new study published in "Medical Journal of Australia"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2020-04-01 US President Donald Trump says the US Strategic National Stockpile is almost depleted amid widespread shortages of medical equipment to fight Coronavirus COVID-19

45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump

Famous Birthdays

  • 1633-10-04 Bernardino Ramazzini, Italian physician (founder of occupational medicine), born in Carpi, duchy of Modena (d. 1714)
  • 1704-12-08 Anton de Haen, Austrian medical expert (Ratio Medendi), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1776)
  • 1715-11-13 Dorothea Erxleben, German first female medical doctor, born in Quedlinburg, Germany (d. 1762)
  • 1735-06-10 John Morgan, American physician-in-chief of Continental Army and co-founder of the Medical College at the University of Pennsylvania, the first medical school in Colonial America, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1789)
  • 1741-05-05 John Archer, American Congressman who received the 1st medical diploma issued on US continent (1768), born near Churchville, Maryland (d. 1810)
  • 1754-03-04 Benjamin Waterhouse, physician co-founder of Harvard Medical School (smallpox vaccine pioneer), born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1846)
  • 1758-09-26 Cosme Argerich, Argentine physician and founder of the Medicine School of Buenos Aires, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1820)
  • 1786-09-18 Justinus Kerner, German physician and medical writer (first detailed description of botulism), born in Ludwigsburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1862)
  • 1815-01-21 Horace Wells, dentist (pioneered use of medical anethesia)
  • 1815-08-04 Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich, Sulz am Neckar, German Physician and advocate of scientific medicine
  • 1818-07-01 Ignaz Semmelweis, Hungarian physician who discovered the cause of puerperal (childbed) fever and introduced antisepsis into medical practice, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1865)

Person of interestElizabeth Blackwell

1821-02-03 Elizabeth Blackwell, English-American physician who was the first woman to receive a medical degree in the United States, born in Bristol, England (d. 1910)

  • 1827-04-08 Ramón Emeterio Betances, Puerto Rican politician, medical doctor and diplomat, born in Cabo Rojo, Puerto Rico (d. 1898)
  • 1831-05-01 Emily Stowe, Canadian suffragist and first woman licensed to practise medicine in Canada, born in Norwich Township, Oxford County, Ontario (d. 1903)
  • 1833-10-17 Paul Bert, French Zoologist, Physiologist and pioneer of aerospace medicine whose study of the effects of air pressure on the body, such as altitude sickness and 'the bends', made possible space and ocean exploration, born in Auxerre, Burgundy (d. 1886)
  • 1840-01-21 Sophia Louisa Jex-Blake, Hastings, English Physician and feminist who was one of the first female medical students at a British university

Person of interestCamillo Golgi

1843-07-07 Camillo Golgi, Italian physician and medical researcher (Nobel Prize in Medicine-1906), born in Corteno, Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia, Austrian Empire (d. 1926)

Physician and Nobel Laureate Camillo Golgi
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Camillo Golgi
  • 1844-10-03 Patrick Manson, Scottish physician and parasitologist (Father of tropical medicine), born in Oldmeldrum, Aberdeenshire, Scotland (d. 1922)
  • 1845-06-18 Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, French physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1922)
  • 1851-09-16 Emilia Pardo Bazán, Spanish countess and writer (Pascual López: Autobiography of a Medical Student), born in La Coruña, Spain (d. 1921)
  • 1852-05-01 Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish histologist (central nervous system) and neuroscientist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1906), born in Petilla de Aragón, Navarre, Spain (d. 1934)
  • 1857-09-08 Ida Henrietta Hyde, American physiologist who invented the micro-electrode and the first woman allowed to do research at Harvard Medical School and to be elected to the American Physiology Society, born in Davenport, Iowa (d. 1945)

Person of interestChristiaan Eijkman

1858-08-11 Christiaan Eijkman, Dutch physician and bacteriologist (Nobel Prize in Medicine-1929), born in Nijkerk, Netherlands (d. 1930)

Physician and Nobel Laureate Christiaan Eijkman
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Christiaan Eijkman
  • 1860-05-21 Willem Einthoven, Dutch physiologist and inventor of the electrocardiodiogram (Nobel Prize in Medicine 1924), born in Semarang, Dutch East Indies (d. 1927)
  • 1865-02-28 Wilfred Grenfell, British medical missionary to Newfoundland and Labrador, born in Neston, England (d. 1940)
  • 1866-09-21 Charles Nicolle, French bacteriologist (Nobel Prize in Medicine 1928), born in Rouen, France (d. 1936)
  • 1869-06-27 Hans Spemann, German embryologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1935), born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1941)
  • 1878-08-28 George Whipple, American physician and biomedical researcher (Nobel-1934), born in Ashland, New Hampshire (d. 1976)
  • 1881-02-19 Evert Gorter, founder of Dutch medical child care
  • 1885-06-08 Karl Genzken, Nazi physician, Chief of the Medical Office of the Waffen-SS, born in Preetz, German Empire (d. 1957)
  • 1887-04-13 Gordon S. Fahrni, Canadian physician and President of the Canadian Medical Association, born in Gladstone, Manitoba (d. 1995)

Person of interestFrederick Banting

1891-11-14 Frederick Banting, Canadian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, born in Alliston, Ontario (d. 1941)

  • 1895-10-30 Gerhard Domagk, German bacteriologist (Nobel Prize 1939 in Physiology or Medicine - first commercially available antibiotic and marketed under the brand name Prontosil), born in Lagow, Brandenburg (d. 1964)
  • 1901-05-07 Lowell T. Coggeshall, American medical scientist and US Secretary of HEW (1956-58), born in Saratoga, Indiana (d. 1987)
  • 1903-11-11 Charles Bruce Perry, Professor of Medicine (Bristol University) (d. 1996)
  • 1905-03-27 John Fleming (Jack) Brock, South African nutritional scientist, physician and a professor in the Department of Medicine at the University of Cape Town, born in Port Elizabeth, South Africa (d. 1983)
  • 1908-10-01 Doug Young, Canadian NHL defenceman (Stanley Cup 1936-37, Detroit Red Wings captain), born in Medicine Hat, Alberta (d. 1990)
  • 1910-04-22 Eric Scowen, English physician and Professor of Medicine (University of London, 1961-75), born in West Ham, London (d. 2001)
  • 1910-05-29 Agnes Beatrice Read, medical social worker (d. 1996)
  • 1910-06-16 Lord Richardson, president (General Medical Council)
  • 1911-05-05 Philip Manson-Bahr, English zoologist and specialist in tropical medicine, born in Wavertree, Liverpool, England (d. 1996)
  • 1911-12-06 Alfred James Broomhall, British Protestant Christian medical missionary to China, born in Shandong, China (d. 1994)
  • 1913-05-29 Douglas Black, Scottish physician and medical scientist (played a key role in the development of the National Health Service), born in Delting, Shetland (d. 2002)
  • 1913-10-27 Joseph Medicine Crow, Native American chief and historian, born near Lodge Grass, Montana (d. 2013)
  • 1913-11-27 Frances Swem Anderson, American technologist (nuclear medicine), born in Grand Rapids, Michigan (d. 2019)
  • 1914-02-22 Renato Dulbecco, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate

Person of interestJonas Salk

1914-10-28 Jonas Salk, American medical scientist (created the polio vaccine), born in NYC, New York (d. 1995)

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • 1915-04-02 Antony Dornhorst, British physician and Professor of Medicine, born in Woodford, Essex, England (d. 2003)
  • 1917-11-23 Hugh Joseph Charles James L'Etang, medical writer
  • 1918-10-23 James Daly, American actor (Medical Center, Planet of the Apes), born in Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin (d. 1978)
  • 1919-12-02 Michael Geoffrey Corcos, medical researcher
  • 1920-01-09 Hakim Mohammed Said, Pakistani scholar & medical researcher, born in New Delhi, India (d. 1998)
  • 1920-03-15 E. Donnall Thomas, American physician, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1920-03-28 Lord Butterfield [John Butterfield], British medical researcher, clinician and administrator, born in Stechford, Birmingham (d. 2000)
  • 1920-08-01 Henrietta Lacks [Loretta Pleasant], African-American tobacco farmer whose cancer cells are the source of the HeLa cell line, extensively used in medical research since the 1950s (1st immortalised cell line), born in Roanoke, Virginia (d. 1951)
  • 1921-07-19 Rosalyn Yalow, American medical physicist (Nobel 1977), born in NYC, New York (d. 2011)
  • 1921-08-08 Vulimiri Ramalingaswami, Indian medical scientist (d. 2001)
  • 1923-07-05 Arno Motulsky, German-born founder of medical genetics, known as the "father of pharmacogenomics," born in Fischhausen, East Prussia, Weimar Germany (d. 2018)
  • 1923-09-09 Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, American virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1923-11-05 Ian Munro, British medical journalist, humanitarian and cricketer, born in Bradford, England (d. 1997)
  • 1924-07-26 John Kilgour, British physician and director of prison medical services (Home Office), born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 2008)
  • 1925-01-28 Henry Harris, British professor of medicine
  • 1925-09-24 Autar Singh Paintal, Indian medical scientist, born in Mogok, Myanmar (d. 2004)
  • 1925-11-16 Michel Jouvet, French neuroscientist and medical researcher who discovered the region of the brain that controls rapid eye movement (REM sleep), born in Lons-le-Saunier, Jura, France (d. 2017)
  • 1926-07-09 Mathilde Krim, American medical researcher and founding chairman of amfAR (Foundation for AIDS Research), born in Como, Italy (d. 2018)
  • 1926-09-17 Donald Acheson, Irish physician and Chief Medical Officer for England (1983-90), born in Belfast, Northern Ireland (d. 2010)
  • 1927-10-08 César Milstein, Argentine biochemist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1984), born in Bahía Blanca, Argentina (d. 2002)
  • 1928-01-31 Eric Ash, rector (Imperial College of Science, Technology & Medicine)
  • 1928-05-26 Jack Kevorkian, American pathologist and right-to-die activist, born in Pontiac, Michigan (d. 2011)
  • 1929-06-03 Werner Arber, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate
  • 1930-05-22 LaSalle Leffall Jr., American surgeon, medical educator, and 1st black president of the American Cancer Society (1978), and the American College of Surgeons (1995), born in Tallahassee, Florida (d. 2019)
  • 1931-01-11 Ed Hall, American actor (Mannis, baby... I'm Back!, Medical Center), born in Roxbury, Massachusetts
  • 1931-05-04 Thomas Stuttaford, British doctor and medical columnist (The Times), born in Norfolk, England
  • 1931-08-01 Monty Losowsky, British physician and medical educator, born in London
  • 1932-03-30 A J Zuckerman, Dean (Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine)
  • 1932-05-09 David Plastow, CEO (Medical Research Council)

Person of interestJohn B. Gurdon

1933-10-02 John B. Gurdon, English developmental biologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2012), born in Dippenhall, Hampshire

Developmental biologist John B. Gurdon
Developmental biologist
John B. Gurdon
  • 1934-03-11 George Stamatoyannopoulos, Greece, medical genetics researcher
  • 1937-06-11 Chad Everett [Raymon Lee Cramton], American actor (Medical Center, Airplane II), born in South Bend, Indiana (d. 2012)
  • 1938-03-07 David Baltimore, American biologist (1975 Nobel laureate in Physiology or Medicine), born in New York City
  • 1938-07-28 George Cummings, rocker (Dr Hook & Medicine Show)
  • 1939-09-06 Susumu Tonegawa, Japanese molecular biologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1987), born in Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan
  • 1940-02-04 Theodore "Ted" Stanley, American anesthesiologist and medical entrepreneur (created the fentanyl lollipop), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1941-04-13 Michael Stuart Brown, American geneticist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1985), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1941-10-24 William H. Dobelle, American biomedical engineer (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2013 nominee), born in Massachusetts (d. 2004)
  • 1942-01-27 Tasuku Honjo, Japanese immunologist (Nobel Prize for medicine 2018), born in Kyoto, Japan
  • 1942-03-27 Sir John E. Sulston, British molecular biologist, co-recipient of 2002 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (roundworm genome sequencing), born in Fulmer, Buckinghamshire (d. 2018)
  • 1942-05-28 Stanley B. Prusiner, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1942-08-08 Jay David, rocker (Dr Hook & Medicine Show)
  • 1943-09-06 Richard J. Roberts, English biochemist and molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, born in Derby, England
  • 1943-10-12 Jeffrey MacDonald, American medical doctor convicted of murdering his wife and two daughters, born in Queens, New York City
  • 1945-07-06 Rik Elswit, American rocker (Dr Hook & Medicine Show-In the Right Place), born in California
  • 1947-09-28 Peter Hope-Evans, British singer and harmonicaist (Medicine Head), born in Brecon, Powys, Wales
  • 1948-08-07 James Allison, American immunologist (Noble Prize for Medicine 2018), born in Alice, Texas
  • 1948-08-22 Rob Buckman, British broadcaster and actor (Pink Medicine Show), born in London
  • 1950-11-06 Ernest Thompson, actor (Sierra, Westside Medical), born in Bellows Fall, Vermont
  • 1951-09-30 Barry Marshall, Australian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1951-11-09 Hetty de Boer-Jongkind, Dutch medical astrologist and founder (Vakvereniging Medical Astrology), born in Amsterdam (d. 1993)
  • 1953-01-29 Hwang Woo-Suk, South Korean biomedical scientist
  • 1954-06-07 Louise Erdrich, American author (Love Medicine, The Bingo Palace), born in Little Falls, Minnesota

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

1845-01-02 Explorer and medical missionary David Livingstone (31) weds Mary Moffat

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone

LoveWedding of Interest

1939-06-09 Medical researcher Jonas Salk (24) weds social worker Donna Lindsay

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • 1970-06-29 Medical researcher Jonas Salk (55) weds painter and author Françoise Gilot (48) in Paris

Famous Deaths

  • 1677-07-09 Angelus Silesius [Johann Scheffer], German medical/mystic poet, dies
  • 1714-11-05 Bernardino Ramazzini, Italian physician (founder of occupational medicine), dies at 81
  • 1738-09-23 Hermannus Boerhaave, medical/botanist, dies at 69
  • 1776-05-13 Anton de Haen, Austrian medical expert (Ratio Medendi), dies at 71
  • 1789-10-15 John Morgan, American physician-in-chief of Continental Army and co-founder of the Medical College at the University of Pennsylvania, the first medical school in Colonial America, dies at 54
  • 1804-05-24 Simon Style, Fries medical/writer, dies at 73
  • 1810-09-28 John Archer, American Congressman who received the 1st medical diploma issued on US continent (1768), dies at 69
  • 1820-02-14 Cosme Argerich, Argentine physician and founder of the Medicine School of Buenos Aires, dies at 61
  • 1846-10-02 Benjamin Waterhouse, American physician co-founder of Harvard Medical School and smallpox vaccine pioneer, dies at 92
  • 1862-02-21 Justinus Kerner, German physician and medical writer (first detailed description of botulism), dies at 75
  • 1865-07-25 James Barry [Margaret Ann Bulkley], British military surgeon and the 1st woman in Great Britain to become a qualified medical doctor, dies at 66 or 67
  • 1865-08-13 Ignaz Semmelweis, Hungarian physician who discovered the cause of puerperal (childbed) fever and introduced antisepsis into medical practice, dies at 47
  • 1877-09-25 Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich, German Physician and advocate of scientific medicine, dies at 62
  • 1883-01-10 Dr Samuel A. Mudd, American medical doctor (b. 1833)
  • 1883-05-17 Lydia Estes Pinklham, patent-medicine manufacturer, dies
  • 1886-11-11 Paul Bert, Auxerre, French Zoologist, Physiologist and pioneer of aerospace medicine whose study of the effects of air pressure on the body made possible space and ocean exploration, dies of dysentery at 53
  • 1898-09-16 Ramón Emeterio Betances, Puerto Rican politician, medical doctor and diplomat, dies at 71
  • 1903-04-30 Emily Stowe, Canadian suffragist and first woman licensed to practise medicine in Canada, dies at 71
  • 1904-07-23 John Simon, British pathologist, public health officer, and 1st Chief Medical Officer (1855-76), dies at 87

Person of interestElizabeth Blackwell

1910-05-31 Elizabeth Blackwell, English-American physician who was the first woman to receive a medical degree in the United States, dies at 89

  • 1921-05-12 Emilia Pardo Bazán, Spanish countess and writer (Pascual López: Autobiography of a Medical Student), dies at 68
  • 1922-04-09 Patrick Manson, Scottish physician and parasitologist (Father of tropical medicine), dies at 77
  • 1922-05-18 Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, French physician (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine), dies at 76

Person of interestCamillo Golgi

1926-01-21 Camillo Golgi, Italian physician and medical researcher (Nobel Prize in Medicine-1906), dies at 81

Physician and Nobel Laureate Camillo Golgi
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Camillo Golgi
  • 1927-09-29 Willem Einthoven, Dutch physiologist and inventor of the electrocardiodiogram (Nobel Prize in Medicine 1924), dies at 67

Person of interestChristiaan Eijkman

1930-11-05 Christiaan Eijkman, Dutch physician and bacteriologist (Nobel Prize in Medicine 1929), dies at 72

Physician and Nobel Laureate Christiaan Eijkman
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Christiaan Eijkman
  • 1932-09-16 Ronald Ross, British pathologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, dies at 75
  • 1934-10-17 Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish histologist (central nervous system) and neuroscientist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1906), dies at 82
  • 1936-02-28 Charles Nicolle, French bacteriologist (Nobel Prize in Medicine 1928), dies at 69
  • 1940-10-09 Wilfred Grenfell, British medical missionary to Newfoundland and Labrador, dies at 75

Person of interestFrederick Banting

1941-02-21 Frederick Banting, Canadian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, dies in a plane crash at 49

  • 1941-09-09 Hans Spemann, German embryologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1935), dies at 72
  • 1945-08-22 Ida Henrietta Hyde, American physiologist who invented the micro-electrode and the first woman allowed to do research at Harvard Medical School and to be elected to the American Physiology Society, dies at 87
  • 1951-10-04 Henrietta Lacks [Loretta Pleasant], African-American tobacco farmer whose cancer cells are the source of the HeLa cell line, extensively used in medical research since the 1950s (1st immortalised cell line), dies of cervical cancer at 31
  • 1951-10-06 Otto Fritz Meyerhof, German-born physician and biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1884)
  • 1957-10-10 Karl Genzken, Nazi physician, Chief of the Medical Office of the Waffen-SS, dies at 72
  • 1961-06-17 Jeff Chandler [Ira Grossel], American actor (Broken Arrow), dies as a result of medical malpractice at 42
  • 1961-12-25 Otto Loewi, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1873)
  • 1964-04-24 Gerhard Domagk, German bacteriologist (Nobel Prize 1939 in Physiology or Medicine - first commercially available antibiotic and marketed under the brand name Prontosil), dies at 68

Person of interestAlbert Stevens

1966-01-09 Albert Stevens, an American patient in secret medical trials who survived the highest known radiation dose in a human, dies of heart disease at 79

Human Medical Subject Albert Stevens
Human Medical Subject
Albert Stevens
  • 1972-05-04 Edward Calvin Kendall, American chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1886)
  • 1978-07-03 James Daly, American actor (Medical Center, Planet of the Apes), dies of heart failure at 59
  • 1978-09-11 Janet Parker, English medical photographer, the last person to die of smallpox, dies at 40
  • 1983-07-03 John Fleming (Jack) Brock, South African nutritional scientist, physician and a professor in the Department of Medicine at the University of Cape Town, dies at 78
  • 1985-09-08 John Franklin Enders, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1887)
  • 1987-10-02 Peter Medawar, British biologist (1960 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for discovery of acquired immunological tolerance"), dies at 72
  • 1987-11-11 Lowell T. Coggeshall, American medical scientist and US Secretary of HEW (1956-58), dies at 86
  • 1993-10-25 Philip P. Cohen, American medical researcher, dies at 85
  • 1993-12-04 Hetty de Boer-Jongkind, Dutch medical astrologist and founder (Vakvereniging Medical Astrology), dies at 42
  • 1994-05-11 Alfred James Broomhall, British Protestant Christian medical missionary to China, dies at 82
  • 1995-11-03 Gordon S. Fahrni, Canadian physician and President of the Canadian Medical Association, dies at 108
  • 1996-03-12 Charles Bruce Perry, Professor of Medicine (Bristol University), dies at 92
  • 1996-08-15 Agnes Beatrice Read, medical social worker, dies at 86
  • 1996-11-25 Hugh Joseph Charles James L'Etang, medical writer, dies at 79
  • 1996-12-12 Michael Geoffrey Corcos, medical researcher, dies at 77
  • 1996-12-31 Philip Manson-Bahr, English zoologist and specialist in tropical medicine, dies at 85
  • 1997-01-22 Ian Munro, British medical journalist, humanitarian and cricketer, dies at 73
  • 2000-10-15 Konrad Emil Bloch, German-born biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1912)
  • 2001-06-05 Pedro Laín Entralgo, Spanish writer, medical and humanist
  • 2002-01-11 Struan Sutherland, Australian medical researcher (b. 1936)
  • 2002-03-24 César Milstein, Argentine biochemist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1984), dies at 74
  • 2002-09-13 Douglas Black, Scottish physician and medical scientist (played a key role in the development of the National Health Service), dies at 89
  • 2003-04-20 Bernard Katz, German-born Australian biophysicist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1970), dies at 82
  • 2004-07-21 Edward B. Lewis, American geneticist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (b. 1918)
  • 2004-10-05 William H. Dobelle, American biomedical engineer (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2013 nominee), dies at 62
  • 2004-12-21 Autar Singh Paintal, Indian medical scientist, dies at 79
  • 2004-12-29 Julius Axelrod, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1912)
  • 2007-01-01 Roland Levinsky, South African medical scientist, dies at 63
  • 2007-12-20 Nataline Sarkisyan, American medical patient (b. 1990)
  • 2008-05-29 Dianne Odell, American medical figure (b. 1947)
  • 2008-05-30 Lorenzo Odone, American medical figure (b. 1978)
  • 2009-02-11 Willem J Kolff, Dutch-American Physician and Biomedical Engineer (artificial kidney, hemodialysis), dies at 97
  • 2010-01-10 Donald Acheson, Irish physician and Chief Medical Officer for England (1983-90), dies at 83
  • 2010-03-22 James W. Black, Scottish Nobel Prize-winning doctor and medical research scientist (b. 1924)
  • 2011-05-30 Rosalyn Yalow, American medical physicist (Nobel 1977), dies at 89
  • 2012-07-24 Chad Everett [Raymon Lee Cramton], American actor (Medical Center, Airplane II), dies from lung cancer at 75
  • 2016-04-03 Joseph Medicine Crow, Native American chief and historian, dies at 102
  • 2017-08-03 Theodore "Ted" Stanley, American anesthesiologist and medical entrepreneur (created the fentanyl lollipop), dies at 77
  • 2017-10-03 Michel Jouvet, French neuroscientist and medical researcher who discovered the region of the brain that controls rapid eye movement (REM sleep), dies at 91
  • 2018-01-15 Mathilde Krim, American medical researcher and founding chairman of amfAR (Foundation for AIDS Research), dies at 91
  • 2018-02-17 Arno Motulsky, German-born founder of medical genetics, known as the "father of pharmacogenomics," dies at 94
  • 2018-03-06 Sir John E. Sulston, British molecular biologist, co-recipient of 2002 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (roundworm genome sequencing), dies of stomach cancer at 75
  • 2019-04-11 Frances Swem Anderson, American technologist (nuclear medicine), dies at 105
  • 2019-05-25 LaSalle Leffall Jr., American surgeon, medical educator, and 1st black president of the American Cancer Society (1978), and the American College of Surgeons (1995), dies at 89