Physicians in History

Historical Events


Historic PublicationDe humani corporis fabrica

1543-06-01 Flemish physician Andreas Vesalius publishes "De humani corporis fabrica (On the fabric of the human body in seven books)" a major step forward in understanding human anatomy [date is representative as exact date of publication unknown]

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Andreas Vesalius's
Andreas Vesalius's "De humani corporis fabrica" (1543), page 163
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  • 1550-04-02 Jewish physician Joseph Hacohen expelled from city of Genoa, all Jews soon after

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1552-06-29 Italian physician and mathematician Girolamo Cardano arrives in Edinburgh, Scotland to treat John Hamilton, Archbishop of St Andrews for over two thousand gold crowns

Mathematician Girolamo Cardano
Mathematician
Girolamo Cardano
  • 1558-03-05 Smoking tobacco introduced into Europe by Spanish physician Francisco Fernandes
  • 1570-01-04 Spanish viceroy Alva banishes Zutphen City's only physician, Joost Sweiter, "because he is a Jew"
  • 1667-06-15 1st fully documented human blood transfusion is performed by French physician, Dr. Jean-Baptiste Denys, when a small amount of sheep blood is transfused into a 15-year old boy, who survives the procedure
  • 1809-12-25 Physician Ephraim McDowell performs the first abdominal surgery in the U.S, an ovariotomy to remove a 22 lb ovarian tumor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1822-06-06 Alexis St. Martin shot in the stomach and treated by physician William Beaumont on Mackinac Island. Leads Beaumont to conduct digestion experiments through hole in St. Martin's stomach.

  • 1847-11-12 Sir James Young Simpson, a British physician, is the first to use chloroform as an anaesthetic.
  • 1850-07-14 1st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration by Florida physician John Gorrie

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1877-09-22 Rudolf Virchow delivers an anti-Darwinian speech to the Congress of German Naturalist and Physicians, Munich where he speaks against the teaching of the theory of evolution in schools

Anthropologist/Pathologist Rudolf Virchow
Anthropologist/Pathologist
Rudolf Virchow
  • 1878-09-25 British physician Dr. Charles Drysdale warns against the use of tobacco in a letter to The Times newspaper in one of the earliest public health announcements on the dangers of smoking
  • 1882-01-17 1st Dutch female physician Aletta Jacobs opens her office
  • 1884-04-24 National Medical Association of Black physicians organizes in Atlanta
  • 1892-12-30 Dr Miles V Lynk, physician, publishes 1st Black medical journal
  • 1905-11-23 Henry Watson Furness, an American physician from Indiana is named US minister to Haiti

  • 1910-06-13 William D Crum, a South Carolina physician, appointed US minister to Liberia

InventionHistoric Invention

1915-05-10 Canadian physician Cluny MacPherson first presents his gas mask invention to the British War Office

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919-07-06 Institute for Sexual Science opened in Berlin by physician Magnus Hirschfeld to establish study of sexual science

Physician and Gay Rights Advocate Magnus Hirschfeld
Physician and Gay Rights Advocate
Magnus Hirschfeld

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936-03-23 Physician Joseph G. Hamilton injects a leukemia patient with a sodium radioisotope, first intravenous injection of a human with a radioisotope

  • 1941-02-12 First injection of penicillin into a patient by British physician Charles Fletcher at Radcliffe Infirmary in Oxford, England
  • 1941-12-30 Nazis require Dutch physicians to join Nazi organization
  • 1943-03-17 Physician Willem J Kolff performs the world's first 'hemodialysis' using his artificial kidney machine, however the treatment is unsuccessful and the patient dies, in the Netherlands
  • 1943-03-25 97% of all Dutch physicians strike against Nazi registration
  • 1943-06-25 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Reichskommissar in the Netherlands, orders mass arrests of Dutch physicians

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-05-14 Physician Joseph G. Hamilton injects misdiagnosed cancer patient Albert Stevens (CAL-1) with 131 kBq (3.55 µCi) of plutonium without his knowledge. Stevens lives another 20 years, surviving the highest known accumulated radiation dose in any human

Human Medical Subject Albert Stevens
Human Medical Subject
Albert Stevens
Physician Joseph Gilbert Hamilton
Physician
Joseph Gilbert Hamilton
  • 1945-09-11 Physician Willem J Kolff performs the first successful kidney dialysis using his artificial kidney machine, the Netherlands
  • 1951-01-03 9 Jewish Kremlin physicians "exposed" as British/US agents
  • 1953-01-12 9 "Jewish" physicians arrested for "terrorist activities" in Moscow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961-01-26 1st woman personal physician to a US President - Janet G. Travell (to John F. Kennedy)

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1962-03-07 Ground-breaking report "Smoking and Health" published by the British Royal College of Physicians, first major report to warn of the dangers of smoking
  • 1985-10-12 Intl Physicians for Prevention of Nuclear War receives Nobel Prize
  • 1987-04-07 National Museum of Female Physicians opens in Washington, D.C.
  • 1989-04-23 CBS' premiere of fact based "The Littlest Victims", based on Newark, N.J. physician James Oleske as the first doctor to discover AIDS in children

Appears on tv showTelevision Debut

1989-09-19 "Doogie Howser, M.D.", starring Neil Patrick Harris as a teenage physician, debuts on ABC

  • 2017-12-07 Former US gymnastics physician Larry Nasser is sentenced to 60 years on child pornography charges
  • 2019-02-11 Artificial Intelligence system meant to assist diagnosis in the future, pitted against physicians in test to diagnose 600,000 patients in results published in "Nature Medicine", A.I. won, just

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 356

  • 0130-09-22 Claudius Galenus, Italian physician/scholar
  • 0865-08-28 Rhazes [Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn Zakariyyāʾ al-Rāzī], Persian physician, born in Ray, Persia (d. 925)
  • 1135-03-30 Moses Maimonedes, Jewish philosopher, jurist and physician, born in Córdoba (d. 1204)
  • 1440-02-13 Hartmann Schedel, German physician, humanist and historian, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1514)
  • 1463-10-29 Alessandro Achillini, Italian physician and philosopher, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1512)
  • 1484-04-23 Julius Caesar Scaliger, Italian-French physician and scholar (On the Subtlety of Things), born in Riva, Italy (d. 1558)
  • 1484-12-28 Joachim Vadianus [von Watt], Swiss physician/mayor of Sankt Gallen
  • 1486-09-14 Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim, German royal astrologer, physician and theologian, born in Cologne, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1535)

Person of interestParacelsus

1493-11-11 Paracelsus, Swiss physician and alchemist (Zinc, Laudanum), born in Einsiedeln, Switzerland (d. 1541)

Physician and Alchemist Paracelsus
Physician and Alchemist
Paracelsus
  • 1501-01-17 Leonhard Fuchs, German physician and botanist (Notable Commentaries on the History of Plants) for which the flowering plants and color Fuchsia is named after, born in Wemding, Bavaria (d. 1566)
  • 1508-12-09 Gemma Frisius [Jemme Reinerszoon], Frisian physician, mathematician and instrument maker (created globe), born in Dokkum, Friesland (d. 1555)
  • 1510-10-06 John Caius, English physician, born in Norwich, England (d. 1573)
  • 1511-07-01 Hadrianus Junius [Adriaen de Jonghe], Dutch physician, historian and humanist, born in Hoorn, Netherlands (d. 1575)
  • 1511-09-29 Michael Servetus, Spanish physician (Christianism Rostituta)
  • 1514-12-31 Andreas Vesalius [Andries van Wesel], Flemish physician and anatomist (De humani corporis fabrica), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1564)
  • 1516-03-26 Conrad Gessner, Swiss physician and naturalist, born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1565)
  • 1517-06-29 Rembert Dodoens [Rembert Van Joenckema], Flemish physician and botanist, born in Mechelen, Spanish Netherlands (d. 1585)
  • 1519-06-06 Andrea Cesalpino, Italian philosopher, physician and botanist, born in Arezzo, Italy (d. 1603)
  • 1524-09-07 Thomas Erastus, Swiss physician and theologist, born in Baden, Switzerland (d. 1583)
  • 1525-12-01 Tadeáš Hájek, Czech physician and astronomer (d. 1600)
  • 1530-09-30 Geronimo Mercuriali, Italian philologist and physician (d. 1606)
  • 1533-08-02 Theodor Zwinger, Swiss physician and scholar, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1588)
  • 1534-11-05 Joachim Camerarius, German botanist (horticulture catalog) and physician, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1598)
  • 1537-05-20 Hieronymus Fabricius Ab, Aquapend Italy, physician (De Formato Foetu)
  • 1541-04-08 Michele Mercati, Italian physician and gardener, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1593)
  • 1544-05-24 William Gilbert, English physician and physicist (researcher into magnetism), born in Colchester, England (d. 1603)
  • 1553-11-23 Prospero Alpini, Italian botanist/physician (De Medocoma Aegyptorum)
  • 1561-03-29 Santorio Sanctorius, Venetian physiologist and physician (invented thermometer), born in Venice (d. 1636)
  • 1567-02-12 Thomas Campion, English composer, poet and physician, born in London, England (d. 1620)
  • 1569-11-11 Martin Ruland the Younger, German physician and alchemist, born in Lauingen, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1611)
  • 1574-01-17 Robert Fludd, British physician, author, and mystical philosopher, baptized in Bearsted, Kent, England (d. 1637)
  • 1574-09-16 Samuel Coster, Dutch physician and playwright (Polyxena), born in Amsterdam (d. 1665)
  • 1578-04-01 William Harvey, English physician (discovered blood circulation), born in Folkestone, Kent (d. 1657)
  • 1579-07-13 Arthur Dee, English physician, born in Mortlake, London (d. 1651)
  • 1585-02-12 Caspar Bartholin the Elder, Danish physician, theologian, writer on anatomy, born in Malmö, Denmark (modern Sweden) (d. 1629)
  • 1585-11-01 Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer, born in Kurzelów, Sandomierz Province, Poland (d. 1652)
  • 1588-05-13 Ole Worm, Danish physician, born in Aarhus, Denmark–Norway (d. 1654)
  • 1591-06-16 Joseph Solomon Delmedigo, Italian physician, mathematician, and music theorist (d. 1655)
  • 1594-11-17 Johan van Beverwijck, Dutch physician/writer (Treasure of Health)
  • 1613-09-25 Claude Perrault, French Architect and Physician (east facade of the Louvre), born in Paris, France
  • 1616-10-20 Thomas Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian (d. 1680)
  • 1621-01-27 Thomas Willis, English physician (d. 1675)
  • 1624-09-10 Thomas Sydenham, English physician and author of "Observationes Medicae", born in Wynford Eagle, Dorset (d. 1689)
  • 1625-08-13 Rasmus Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician and physicist, born in Roskilde, Denmark (d. 1698)
  • 1628-03-10 Marcello Malpighi, Italian physician who founded the science of microscopic anatomy, born in Crevalcore, near Bologna, Papal States (d. 1694)
  • 1633-10-04 Bernardino Ramazzini, Italian physician (founder of occupational medicine), born in Carpi, duchy of Modena (d. 1714)
  • 1641-04-15 Robert Sibbald, Scottish physician, born in Edinburgh (d. 1722)
  • 1641-07-30 Regnier de Graaf, Dutch physician and anatomist, born in Schoonhoven, Netherlands (d. 1673)
  • 1650-11-28 Jan Palfijn, Flemish physician and inventor (obstetrical forceps), born in Kortrijk, Flanders (d. 1730)
  • 1651-01-20 Edward Tyson, British Physician and father of comparative anatomy (The Anatomy of a Pygmy, 1698)
  • 1651-09-16 Engelbert Kaempfer, German physician and traveler, born in Lemgo, Lippe, Germany (d. 1716)
  • 1652-05-14 Johann Philipp Fortsch, German composer, statesman and physician, born in Wertheim am Main (d. 1732)
  • 1652-12-09 Augustus Quirinus Rivinus, German physician and botanist, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1723)
  • 1652-12-25 Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician (d. 1713)
  • 1653-01-07 Bernhard Albinus, German court-physician (Frederick of Prussia)
  • 1654-01-20 Michiel de Swaen, South Netherland physician/poet
  • 1654-01-22 Richard Blackmore, English physician and writer (d. 1729)
  • 1654-08-10 Bernard Nieuwentyt, Dutch physician/theologist
  • 1660-02-19 Friedrich Hoffmann, German physician and chemist (d. 1742)
  • 1660-04-16 Hans Sloane, Irish physician, naturalist and collector (provided foundation of the British Museum), born in Killyleagh, Ulster, Ireland (d. 1753)
  • 1664-01-04 Lars Roberg, Swedish physician (d. 1742)
  • 1665-02-12 Rudolph Jakob Camerarius, German botanist and physician (sexuality of plants), born in Tübingen, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1721)
  • 1668-12-31 Hermannus Boerhaave, Dutch botanist & physician, born in Voorhout, Netherlands (d. 1738)
  • 1672-02-13 Étienne François Geoffroy, French physician and chemist (1718 affinity table), born in Paris (d. 1731)
  • 1673-08-11 Richard Mead, physician, born in London, England
  • 1684-03-19 Jean Astruc, French physician and scholar (d. 1766)
  • 1686-02-10 Johann F Gronovius, Dutch physician/botany
  • 1687-11-07 William Stukeley, English physician and archaeologist (pioneered investigation of Stonehenge and Avebury), born in Holbeach, Lincolnshire (d. 1765)
  • 1692-03-14 Pieter Musschenbroek, Dutch mathematician and physician (Leyden jar)
  • 1694-06-04 Francois Quesnay, French personal physician of Louis XIV, born in Méré, Versailles, France (d. 1774)
  • 1695-11-10 John Bevis, English physician and astronomer (discovered Crab Nebula), born in Old Sarum, Wiltshire (d. 1771)
  • 1700-05-07 Gerard van Swieten, Dutch-Austrian physician (Austrian Empress Maria Theresa's personal physician), born in Leiden, Netherlaands (d. 1772)
  • 1704-10-09 Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician, born in Bratislava, Slovakia (d. 1777)
  • 1707-04-26 Johannes Burman, Dutch botanist, plant author and physician, born in Amsterdam (d. 1779)
  • 1710-04-15 William Cullen, Scottish physician and chemist, born in Hamilton, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1790)
  • 1710-07-21 Paul Möhring, German physician and scientist, born in Jever, Germany (d. 1792)
  • 1712-03-08 John Fothergill, English physician, born in Wensleydale, England (d. 1780)
  • 1712-10-12 William Shippen, American physician and delegate to the Continental Congress, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1801)
  • 1714-01-06 Percivall Pott, English physician, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1788)
  • 1715-04-03 William Watson, English physician and scientist, born in London (d. 1787)
  • 1715-09-22 Jean-Étienne Guettard, French physician and scientist (d. 1786)
  • 1716-12-25 Johann Jakob Reiske, German scholar and physician (d. 1774)
  • 1718-05-23 William Hunter, Scottish anatomist and physician, born in East Kilbride, South Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1783)
  • 1721-02-24 John McKinly, Ulster Ireland, American physician
  • 1721-11-09 Mark Akenside, English poet and physician, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England (d. 1770)
  • 1722-08-11 Richard Brocklesby, English physician (d. 1797)
  • 1722-11-19 Leopold Auenbrugger, Austrian physician (invented percussion as a diagnostic technique), born in Graz, Duchy of Styria (d. 1809)
  • 1724-04-12 Lyman Hall, American physician and signer (Declaration of Independence), born in Wallingford, Connecticut (d. 1790)
  • 1724-12-13 Franz Aepinus, German physician and physicist, born in Rostock, Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (d. 1802)
  • 1724-12-24 Johann Conrad Ammann, Swiss physician & instructor of non-verbal deaf persons, born in Schaffhausen, Netherlands (d. 1811)
  • 1728-12-08 Johann Georg von Zimmermann, Swiss philosophical author and physician, born in Brugg, Aargau, Switzerland (d. 1795)
  • 1729-11-21 Josiah Bartlett, American physician and statesman (signed US Declaration of Independence), born in Amesbury, Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1795)
  • 1730-11-16 Gualtherus van Doeveren, Zealand-Flanders physician, born in Philippine, Zealand, Netherlands (d. 1783)
  • 1730-12-08 Jan Ingenhousz, Dutch-English physiologist (discovering photosynthesis) and personal physician of Maria Theresa, born in Breda, Staats-Brabant, Dutch Republic (d. 1799)
  • 1730-12-25 Philip Mazzei, Italian physician and friend of Thomas Jefferson (d. 1816)
  • 1731-02-25 Simon Stijl, Frisian physician/writer
  • 1731-12-12 Erasmus Darwin, influential English physician, poet, philosopher, and botanist (grandfather of Charles Darwin), born in Newark-on-Trent, England (d. 1807)
  • 1734-05-23 Franz Anton Mesmer, Austrian physician and hypnotist (Mesmerism), born in Iznang, Germany (d. 1815)
  • 1735-06-10 John Morgan, American physician-in-chief of Continental Army and co-founder of the Medical College at the University of Pennsylvania, the first medical school in Colonial America, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1789)
  • 1738-05-09 John Wolcot, English satirist (Peter Pindar), baptized in Dodbrooke, Kingsbridge, Devon (d. 1819)

Famous Weddings

  • 1843-04-23 Samuel Gridley Howe, American physician and educator, marries Julia Ward, American poet and author

LoveWedding of Interest

1901-05-25 Anton Chekhov (41), Russian physician, dramatist and author marries actress Olga Knipper (31)

Author and Playwright Anton Chekhov
Author and Playwright
Anton Chekhov

LoveWedding of Interest

1924-06-04 Physician Frederick Banting (32) weds Marion Robertson

  • 2000-11-24 Actor, screenwriter and director Jon Favreau (34) weds physician Joya Tillem (30) in Sonoma, California
  • 2013-06-28 Writer Josh Kilmer-Purcell (43) weds physician Brent Ridge in Sharon Springs, New York

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 328

  • 1198-12-10 Averroes, Arab physician and philosopher (b. 1126)
  • 1204-12-13 Maimonides [Moses Ben Maimon], Sephardic Jewish philosopher, astronomer and physician (Mishneh Torah), dies in Cairo at 69
  • 1482-05-15 Paolo Toscanelli, Italian physician & mapmaker, dies
  • 1512-08-02 Alessandro Achillini, Italian physician and philosopher, dies at 48
  • 1514-11-28 Hartmann Skull, German physician/historian (Skull's Liederbuch), dies
  • 1524-12-20 Thomas Linacre, English scholar and physician
  • 1529-04-19 John Cuspinianus [Spiessheimer], German physician, dies at about 55
  • 1535-02-18 Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim, German royal astrologer, physician and theologian, dies at 48
  • 1539-07-05 Antonio M Zaccaria, Italian physician/saint, dies

Person of interestParacelsus

1541-09-24 Paracelsus, Swiss physician and alchemist (Zinc, Laudanum), dies at 47

Physician and Alchemist Paracelsus
Physician and Alchemist
Paracelsus
  • 1551-04-06 Joachim Vadianus, Swiss physician/mayor of Sankt Gallen, dies at 66
  • 1553-08-08 Girolamo Fracastoro, Italian physician (b. 1478)
  • 1553-10-27 Michael Servetus, Spanish physician, burns at stake for heresy
  • 1555-05-25 Gemma Frisius [Jemme Reinerszoon], Frisian physician, mathematician and instrument maker (created globe), dies at 46
  • 1558-04-26 Jean Fernel, French physician (coined the term "physiology"), dies at 61
  • 1558-10-21 Julius Caesar Scaliger, Italian-French physician and scholar (On the Subtlety of Things), dies at 74
  • 1564-10-02 Andreas Vesalius [Andries van Wesel], Flemish physician and anatomist (De humani corporis fabrica), dies after being shipwrecked at 49
  • 1564-10-18 Johannes Acronius Frisius, German physician and mathematician (b. 1520)
  • 1565-12-13 Conrad Gessner, Swiss physician and naturalist, dies at 49
  • 1566-05-04 Luca Ghini, Italian physician and botanist (b. 1490)
  • 1566-05-10 Leonhard Fuchs, German physician and botanist (Notable Commentaries on the History of Plants) for which the flowering plants and color Fuchsia is named after, dies at 65
  • 1573-07-29 John Caius, English physician, dies at 62
  • 1575-06-16 Hadrianus Junius [Adriaen de Jonghe], Dutch physician, historian and humanist, dies at 63
  • 1583-12-31 Thomas Erastus, Swiss physician and theologist, dies at 59
  • 1585-03-10 Rembert Dodoens [Rembert Van Joenckema], Flemish physician and botanist, dies at 67
  • 1588-02-24 Johann Weyer, Dutch physician and occultist
  • 1588-03-10 Theodor Zwinger, Swiss physician and scholar, dies at 54
  • 1588-03-17 Petrus Dathenus, Flemish minister/physician (Psalms of David), dies
  • 1590-12-20 Ambroise Paré, French physician (b. 1510)
  • 1593-06-25 Michele Mercati, Italian physician and gardener (Vatican Botanical Garden), dies at 52
  • 1596-09-15 Leonhard Rauwolf, German physician and botanist (b. 1535 or 1540)
  • 1597-03-10 Petrus Forestus, Dutch physician (Willem of Orange), dies
  • 1598-10-11 Joachim Camerarius, German botanist (horticulture catalog) and physician, dies at 63
  • 1600-09-01 Tadeáš Hájek, Czech physician (b. 1525)
  • 1603-02-23 Andrea Cesalpino, Italian philosopher, physician and botanist, dies at 83
  • 1603-11-30 William Gilbert, English physician and physicist (researcher into magnetism), dies probably of the plague at 59
  • 1606-11-13 Geronimo Mercuriali, Italian philologist and physician (b. 1530)
  • 1611-04-23 Martin Ruland the Younger, German physician and alchemist, dies at 41
  • 1617-02-06 Prosper Alpinus/Prospero Alpini, Italian physician/botanist, dies at 63
  • 1619-03-01 Thomas Campion, English physician, composer, poet (Poemata), dies at 53
  • 1629-07-13 Caspar Bartholin the Elder, Danish physician, theologian, writer on anatomy, dies at 44
  • 1636-02-22 Santorio Sanctorius, Venetian physiologist and physician (invented thermometer), dies at 74
  • 1647-01-19 Johan van Beverwijck, physician (Treas of Ongesontheyt), dies at 52
  • 1652-11-21 Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer, dies at 67
  • 1654-01-10 Nicholas Culpeper, English botanist, herbalist, physician, and astrologer (b. 1616)
  • 1654-08-31 Ole Worm, Danish physician, dies at 66
  • 1655-10-16 Joseph Solomon Delmedigo, Italian physician, mathematician, and music theorist (b. 1591)
  • 1657-06-03 William Harvey, English physician (discovered blood circulation), dies at 79
  • 1673-08-17 Regnier de Graaf, Dutch physician and anatomist, dies of possible suicide at 32
  • 1675-11-11 Thomas Willis, English Physician (epidemiology, anatomy of the brain and nervous system), dies at 54
  • 1680-12-04 Thomas Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian (b. 1616)
  • 1682-03-14 Jacob I van Ruysdael, physician/landscape painter, dies at about 53
  • 1688-10-09 Claude Perrault, French Architect and Physician, dies at 75
  • 1689-12-29 Thomas Sydenham, English physician and author of "Observationes Medicae", dies at 65
  • 1694-11-30 Marcello Malpighi, Italian physician who founded the science of microscopic anatomy, dies at 66
  • 1697-03-01 Francesco Redi, Italian physician, dies at 71
  • 1698-11-04 Rasmus Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician and physicist, dies at 73
  • 1700-12-01 Willem ten Rhijne, Dutch physician in Batavia, dies at about 53
  • 1704-10-03 Jean-Baptiste Denys, French physician who performed the 1st human blood transfusion, a xenotransfusion, dies at about 61
  • 1707-05-03 Michiel de Swaen, South Netherlands physician/poet, dies at 53
  • 1708-08-01 Edward Tyson, British Physician and father of comparative anatomy (The Anatomy of a Pygmy, 1698), dies at 57
  • 1712-02-02 Martin Lister, English naturalist and physician
  • 1713-10-20 Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician (b. 1652)
  • 1714-11-05 Bernardino Ramazzini, Italian physician (founder of occupational medicine), dies at 81
  • 1716-11-02 Engelbert Kaempfer, German physician and traveler, dies at 65
  • 1718-05-30 Bernard Nieuwentyt, physician/theologist, dies at 63
  • 1721-09-11 Rudolph J Camerarius, German physician (sexuality plans), dies
  • 1723-12-20 Augustus Quirinus Rivinus, German physician and botanist, dies at 71
  • 1728-04-25 John Woodward, geologist/physician, dies
  • 1728-07-26 John Friend, physician/politician, dies
  • 1729-10-09 Richard Blackmore, English physician and writer (b. 1654)
  • 1730-04-21 Jan Palfijn, Flemish physician/inventor (forceps), dies at 79
  • 1731-01-06 Étienne François Geoffroy, French physician and chemist (1718 affinity table), dies at 58
  • 1734-02-01 John Floyer, English physician & writer, dies at 84
  • 1734-05-24 Georg Ernst Stahl, German physician and chemist (b. 1660)
  • 1735-02-27 John Arbuthnot, Scottish mathematician and writer (Scriblerus Club), dies at 67
  • 1742-04-02 James Douglas, Scottish physician and anatomist (b. 1675)
  • 1742-05-21 Lars Roberg, Swedish physician (b. 1664)
  • 1742-11-12 Friedrich Hoffmann, German physician and chemist (b. 1660)
  • 1753-01-11 Hans Sloane, Irish physician, naturalist and collector (providing the foundation of the British Museum), dies at 92
  • 1754-02-16 Richard Mead, physician, dies
  • 1761-09-19 Pieter Musschenbroek, Dutch mathematician and physician (Leydan jar), dies at 69
  • 1762-07-10 Johann F Gronovius, physician/botany, dies at 76
  • 1765-03-03 William Stukeley, English physician and archaeologist (pioneered investigation of Stonehenge and Avebury), dies at 77
  • 1766-05-05 Jean Astruc, French physician and scholar (b. 1684)
  • 1770-06-23 Mark Akenside, English poet and physician, dies at 48
  • 1771-11-06 John Bevis, English physician and astronomer (discovered Crab Nebula), dies at 75
  • 1772-04-28 Johann Friedrich Struensee, German physician of Christian VII of Denmark, dies at 34
  • 1772-06-18 Gerard van Swieten, Dutch-Austrian physician (Austrian Empress Maria Theresa's personal physician), dies at 72
  • 1774-08-14 Johann Jakob Reiske, German physician (b. 1716)
  • 1774-12-16 Francois Quesnay, French personal physician of Louis XIV, dies at 80
  • 1775-06-17 Joseph Warren, American physician and soldier, dies at 34
  • 1777-10-05 Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician, dies at 72
  • 1779-02-20 Johannes Burman, Dutch botanist, plant author and physician, dies at 71
  • 1779-12-08 Nathan Alcock, English physician (b. 1707)
  • 1780-12-26 John Fothergill, English physician, dies at 68
  • 1783-03-30 William Hunter, Scottish anatomist and physician, dies at 64
  • 1783-12-31 Gualtherus van Doeveren, Zealand-Flanders physician, dies at 53
  • 1786-01-07 Jean-Étienne Guettard, French physician and scientist (b. 1715)
  • 1787-05-10 William Watson, English physician and scientist, dies at 72

Famous Physicians