Physicians in History (Part 2)

Historical Events


Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 351

  • 1744-02-05 John Jeffries, colonial physician and meteorologist
  • 1744-05-03 Friedrich Wilhelm Weis, German physician and composer, born in Göttingen, Germany (d. 1826)
  • 1745-04-20 Philippe Pinel, French physician (the father of modern psychiatry), born in Jonquières, France (d. 1826)
  • 1745-12-24 Benjamin Rush, American physician & politician (signed the Declaration of Independence), born in Byberry, Philadelphia (d. 1813)
  • 1746-04-23 Félix Vicq-d'Azyr, French physician and anatomist (discover the theory of homology in biology), born in Valognes, Normandy, France (d. 1794)

Person of interestEdward Jenner

1749-05-17 Edward Jenner, English physician, father of immunology, pioneered smallpox vaccinations, born in Berkeley (d. 1823)

Physician and Scientist Edward Jenner
Physician and Scientist
Edward Jenner
  • 1749-11-03 Daniel Rutherford, Scottish chemist and physician (isolation of nitrogen in 1772), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1819)
  • 1754-03-04 Benjamin Waterhouse, physician co-founder of Harvard Medical School (smallpox vaccine pioneer), born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1846)
  • 1754-07-11 Thomas Bowdler, British physician and writer (Family Shakespeare), born in Ashley, Somerset, England (d. 1825)
  • 1755-04-10 Samuel Hahnemann, German physician, originator of homeopathy, born in Meissen, Dresden (d. 1843)
  • 1755-04-11 James Parkinson, English physician (First description of Parkinson's disease) and political activist, born in Shoreditch, London (d. 1824)
  • 1758-03-09 Franz Joseph Gall, German-French physician (phrenology), born in Tiefenbronn, Germany (d. 1828)
  • 1758-09-26 Cosme Argerich, Argentine physician and founder of the Medicine School of Buenos Aires, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1820)
  • 1758-10-11 Wilhelm Olbers, German astronomer and physician, discovered asteroids (Pallas & Vesta), born in Bremen, Germany (d. 1840)
  • 1761-10-27 Matthew Baillie, Scottish Physician (first systematic study of pathology in 1793), born in Shotts Manse, Lanarkshire (d. 1823)
  • 1768-11-30 Jędrzej Śniadecki, Polish writer, physician, chemist (creation of modern Polish terminology in the field of chemistry), born in Żnin, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1838)
  • 1771-11-11 Ephraim McDowell, American physician and surgeon (pioneered abdominal surgery), born in Rockbridge, Virginia (d. 1830)
  • 1773-06-13 Thomas Young, British physician and physicist (light interference), born in Milverton, Somerset, England (d. 1829)
  • 1776-12-31 Johann Spurzheim, German physician, born in Trier, Electorate of Trier, Germany (d. 1832)
  • 1780-01-10 Heinrich Lichtenstein, German physician & explorer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1857)
  • 1780-10-10 John Abercrombie, Scottish physician, born in Aberdeen (d. 1844)
  • 1781-02-17 René Laënnec, French physician who invented the stethoscope, born in Quimper, France (d. 1826)
  • 1785-04-09 Sibrandus Stratingh, Dutch physician and chemist (electric car), born in Adorp, Netherlands (d. 1841)
  • 1786-04-15 Walter Channing, American physician who was the first to use anesthesia during childbirth, born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1876)
  • 1786-09-18 Justinus Kerner, German physician and medical writer (first detailed description of botulism), born in Ludwigsburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1862)
  • 1789-01-03 Carl Gustav Carus, German physiologist & painter, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1869)
  • 1789-09-28 Richard Bright, English physician (Bright's Disease/nephritis), born in Bristol, England (d. 1858)
  • 1790-02-18 Marshall Hall, Basford Nottinghamshire, physician
  • 1793-11-10 Jared Kirtland, American physician, naturalist and reformed penitentiaries, born in Wallingford, Connecticut (d. 1877)
  • 1795-08-22 Abraham Capadose, Dutch physician and missionary, born in Amsterdam (d. 1874)
  • 1796-02-17 Philipp Franz von Siebold, German physician (d. 1866)
  • 1797-01-12 Gideon Brecher, Austrian physician (d. 1873)
  • 1799-04-22 Jean Léonard Marie Poiseuille, French physician and physiologist (blood pressure), born in Paris (d. 1869)
  • 1799-06-23 John Milton Bernhisel, American physician (d. 1881)
  • 1800-06-23 Karol Marcinkowski, Polish physician and social activist (d. 1846)
  • 1800-12-04 Emil Aarestrup, Danish physician and poet (Ritornellen), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1831)
  • 1801-11-10 Samuel Gridley Howe, United States physician, abolitionist, and advocate of education for the blind, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1876)
  • 1802-09-04 Marcus Whitman, American physician and missionary (Oregon Trail), born in Federal Hollow, New York (d. 1847)
  • 1804-02-19 Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky, German physician (d. 1878)
  • 1804-06-24 Willard Richards, American physician and religious leader, born in Hopkinton, Massachusetts (d. 1854)
  • 1805-06-21 Charles Thomas Jackson, American physician and geologist, born in Plymouth, Massachusetts (d. 1880)
  • 1805-12-10 Joseph Škoda, Bohemian physician, born in Pilsen, Kingdom of Bohemia (d. 1881)
  • 1806-04-29 Ernst Freiherr von Feuchtersleben, Austrian physician and philosopher, born in Vienna (d. 1849)
  • 1806-06-16 Edward Davy, English physician, chemist, and inventor (d. 1885)
  • 1806-12-09 Jean-Olivier Chénier, French Canadian physician and Patriote, born in Lachine, Canada (d. 1838)
  • 1807-10-22 Magnus Huss, Swedish physician who coined the word alcoholism and was the first to define it as a disease, born in Torps, Västernorrland county, Sweden (d. 1890)
  • 1809-01-01 John Pieter Heije, Dutch physician/writer/poet (Silver Fleet)
  • 1809-08-29 Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., American physician and author (Old Ironsides), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1894)
  • 1812-05-06 Martin Delany, African-American abolitionist and physician (1st African American major in US Army), born in Charles Town, Virginia (d. 1885)
  • 1813-01-15 James Marion Sims, American physician & surgical pioneer (vesicovaginal operation), born in Lancaster County, South Carolina (d. 1883)
  • 1813-01-31 Samuel Sarphati, Amsterdam, physician/pharmacist/social activist
  • 1814-01-14 Johannes Josephus Viotta, Dutch physician & composer, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1859)
  • 1814-11-25 Julius Robert von Mayer, German physician and physicist (first law of thermodynamics), born in Heilbronn, Württemberg (d. 1878)
  • 1815-08-04 Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich, Sulz am Neckar, German Physician and advocate of scientific medicine
  • 1816-12-29 Carl Ludwig, German physician and physiologist, born in Witzenhausen, Germany (d. 1895)
  • 1818-07-01 Ignaz Semmelweis, Hungarian physician who discovered the cause of puerperal (childbed) fever and introduced antisepsis into medical practice, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1865)
  • 1818-11-07 Emil du Bois-Reymond, German physiologist, co-discoverer of nerve action potential and founder of modern electrophysiology, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1896)
  • 1819-07-06 Ernst Wilhelm von Brücke, German physician and physiologist, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1892)
  • 1819-10-19 Joseph C Juglar, French physician/economist (Crises Commercial)

Person of interestElizabeth Blackwell

1821-02-03 Elizabeth Blackwell, English-American physician who was the first woman to receive a medical degree in the United States, born in Bristol, England (d. 1910)

  • 1821-08-31 Hermann von Helmholtz, German physician and physicist, born in Potsdam, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1894)
  • 1822-01-07 Lucius C M Bakker, Frisian physician/author (Goethe)
  • 1822-02-22 Adolf Kuszmaul, German physician (stomach pump, Kuszmaul disease)
  • 1822-10-15 Alfred Meissner, Austrian poet (Ziska), born in Teplice, Czech Republic (d. 1885)
  • 1823-08-18 Willem J F Nuyens, Dutch physician, historian
  • 1823-11-22 Nathan Kimball, American physician, politician, postmaster, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Fredericksburg, Indiana (d. 1898)
  • 1824-03-05 Elisha Harris, American physician/found American Public Health Assoc
  • 1824-03-29 Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician, born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1899)
  • 1824-05-08 William Walker, American physician and president of Nicaragua (1856-57), born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 1860)
  • 1824-06-02 Samuel Wilks, British Physician and founding father of clinical science, born in London, England
  • 1826-07-21 James Gillpatrick Blunt, American physician, abolitionist, and Major General (Union Army), born in Trenton, Maine (d. 1881)
  • 1828-08-28 William Alexander Hammond, American military physician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Annapolis, Maryland (d. 1900)
  • 1829-02-15 Silas Weir Mitchell, American physician (discovered causalgia, erythromelalgia) and author (Roland Blake, Hugh Wynne), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1914)
  • 1829-09-06 Marie Zakrzewska, Polish physician, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1831-03-07 John Bratton [Old Reliable], American physician and Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Winnsboro, South Carolina (d. 1898)
  • 1831-05-01 Emily Stowe, Canadian suffragist and first woman licensed to practise medicine in Canada, born in Norwich Township, Oxford County, Ontario (d. 1903)
  • 1833-12-20 Samuel Mudd, American physician (imprisoned for conspiring with John Wilkes Booth), born in Charles Country, Maryland (d. 1883)
  • 1834-02-06 Edwin Klebs, German physician & bacteriologist (bacterial theory of infection, diphtheria bacillus), born in Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1913)
  • 1834-02-23 Gustav Hermann Nachtigal, German physician/colonizer/consul in Tunis
  • 1835-01-05 Hendrik van Rijgersma, Dutch naturalist & physician, born in Lemmer, Netherlands (d. 1877)
  • 1835-05-21 František Chvostek, Moravian physician (d. 1884)
  • 1835-10-01 Ádám Politzer, Hungarian-Austrian physician, born in Albertirsa, Pest, Hungary (d. 1920)
  • 1835-10-11 Hunter McGuire, American physician and Med Director (Confederate Army), born in Winchester, Virginia (d. 1900)
  • 1836-06-09 Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, 1st qualified woman physician in Britain, first woman mayor (Aldeburgh), born in London (d. 1917)
  • 1840-01-21 Sophia Louisa Jex-Blake, Hastings, English Physician and feminist who was one of the first female medical students at a British university
  • 1842-05-07 Isla van Diest, Belgian physician, 1st female doctor and 1st female university graduate in Belgium, born in Louvain, Belgiun (d. 1916)

Person of interestCamillo Golgi

1843-07-07 Camillo Golgi, Italian physician and medical researcher (Nobel Prize in Medicine-1906), born in Corteno, Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia, Austrian Empire (d. 1926)

Physician and Nobel Laureate Camillo Golgi
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Camillo Golgi
  • 1844-10-03 Patrick Manson, Scottish physician and parasitologist (Father of tropical medicine), born in Oldmeldrum, Aberdeenshire, Scotland (d. 1922)
  • 1845-06-18 Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, French physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1922)
  • 1848-07-19 Cornelis Adrianus Pekelharing, Dutch physician, born in Zaandam, Netherlands(d. 1922)
  • 1849-07-12 William Osler, Canadian physician and author (circulatory system), born in Bond Head, Province of Canada (1919)
  • 1849-09-28 Dudley Allen Sargent, American physician and educator (Harvard U gymnasium), born in Belfast, Maine (d. 1924)
  • 1850-02-20 Nérée Beauchemin, Canadian physician and poet (d. 1931)
  • 1851-09-13 Walter Reed, U.S. Army physician and bacteriologist who proved mosquitoes transmit yellow fever, born in Belroi, Virginia (d. 1902)
  • 1853-09-16 Albrecht Kossel, German physician (Nobel 1910), born in Rostock, Germany (d. 1927)
  • 1853-12-17 Émile Roux, French physician (d. 1933)
  • 1854-02-09 Aletta [Henriette] Jacobs, 1st Dutch female physician
  • 1854-03-14 Paul Ehrlich, German bacteriologist and physician (Chemotherapy, Nobel Prize 1908), Strehlen, Lower Silesia, German Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1915)
  • 1854-03-15 Emil Adolf von Behring, German physician; Nobel laureate (d. 1917)
  • 1854-07-04 Victor Babeş, Romanian physician and bacteriologist, born in Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1926)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths

Deaths 101 - 200 of 323

  • 1788-12-22 Percivall Pott, English physician and surgeon (b. 1714)
  • 1789-10-15 John Morgan, American physician-in-chief of Continental Army and co-founder of the Medical College at the University of Pennsylvania, the first medical school in Colonial America, dies at 54
  • 1790-02-05 William Cullen, Scottish physician and chemist, dies at 79
  • 1790-10-19 Lyman Hall, American physician and signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 66
  • 1792-10-28 Paul Möhring, German physician and scientist, died at 82
  • 1793-03-26 John Mudge, English physician (telescope mirrors) (b. 1721)
  • 1794-06-20 Félix Vicq-d'Azyr, French physician and anatomist (discover the theory of homology in biology), dies at 46
  • 1795-05-19 Josiah Bartlett, American physician and statesman (signed US Declaration of Independence), dies at 65
  • 1795-10-07 Johann Georg von Zimmermann, Swiss philosophical author and physician, dies at 66
  • 1796-08-31 John McKinly, American physician and President of Delaware, dies at 75
  • 1797-12-11 Richard Brocklesby, English physician (b. 1722)
  • 1801-05-17 William Heberden, English physician (b. 1710)
  • 1801-11-04 William Shippen, American physician and delegate to the Continental Congress, dies at 89
  • 1802-04-18 Erasmus Darwin, English physician writer & botanist (grandfather of Charles Darwin), dies at 70
  • 1802-08-10 Franz Aepinus, German physician and physicist, dies at 77
  • 1803-06-24 Matthew Thornton, Irish/American physician/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 88
  • 1809-05-17 Leopold Auenbrugger, Austrian physician (invented percussion as a diagnostic technique), dies at 86
  • 1811-10-11 Johann Conrad Ammann, Swiss physician and naturalist (b. 1724)
  • 1813-04-19 Benjamin Rush, physician/abolotionist (signed US Declaration of Independence), dies at 67
  • 1814-03-26 Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, French physician and freemason who proposed and became the namesake of the guillotine, dies of natural causes at 75
  • 1815-03-05 Franz Anton Mesmer, Austrian physician and hypnotist (Mesmerism), dies at 80
  • 1816-03-19 Philip Mazzei, Italian physician (b. 1730)
  • 1819-11-15 Daniel Rutherford, Scottish chemist and physician (isolation of nitrogen in 1772), dies at 70
  • 1820-02-14 Cosme Argerich, Argentine physician and founder of the Medicine School of Buenos Aires, dies at 61

Person of interestEdward Jenner

1823-01-26 Edward Jenner, English physician, father of immunology, pioneered smallpox vaccinations, dies at 73

Physician and Scientist Edward Jenner
Physician and Scientist
Edward Jenner
  • 1823-09-23 Matthew Baillie, Scottish Physician (first systematic study of pathology in 1793), dies at 61
  • 1824-12-21 James Parkinson, English physician (First description of Parkinson's disease) and political activist, dies at 69
  • 1825-02-24 Thomas Bowdler, British physician and writer (Family Shakespeare), dies at 70
  • 1826-07-26 Friedrich Wilhelm Weis, German physician and composer, dies at 82
  • 1826-08-13 René Laënnec, French physician who invented the stethoscope, dies of tuberculosis at 46
  • 1826-10-25 Philippe Pinel, French physician (the father of modern psychiatry), dies at 81
  • 1827-04-02 Ludwig Heinrich Bojanus, German physician and naturalist (b. 1776)
  • 1828-08-22 Franz Joseph Gall, German-French physician (phrenology), dies at 70
  • 1829-05-10 Thomas Young, British physician and physicist (light interference), dies at 55
  • 1830-03-02 Samuel Thomas von Sömmering, German physician (b. 1755)
  • 1830-06-25 Ephraim McDowell, American physician and surgeon (pioneered abdominal surgery), dies at 58
  • 1831-07-21 Emil Aarestrup, Danish physician and poet (Ritornellen), dies at 55
  • 1838-04-03 Francesco Antommarchi, Napoleon's physician on St Helena, dies at 57
  • 1838-05-12 Jędrzej Śniadecki, Polish writer, physician, chemist (creation of modern Polish terminology in the field of chemistry), dies at 69
  • 1838-12-14 Jean-Olivier Chénier, French Canadian physician & Patriote, dies during Battle of Saint-Eustache at 32
  • 1840-03-02 Wilhelm Olbers, German astronomer and physician who discovered asteroids (Pallas & Vesta), dies at 81
  • 1843-07-02 Samuel Hahnemann, German physician, originator of homeopathy, dies at 88
  • 1844-11-14 John Abercrombie, Scottish physician, dies at 64
  • 1846-10-02 Benjamin Waterhouse, American physician co-founder of Harvard Medical School and smallpox vaccine pioneer, dies at 92
  • 1846-11-06 Karol Marcinkowski, Polish physician and activist (b. 1800)
  • 1847-11-29 Marcus Whitman, American physician and missionary (Oregon Trail), dies at 45
  • 1849-09-03 Ernst Freiherr von Feuchtersleben, Austrian physician and philosopher, dies at 43
  • 1850-04-09 William Prout, physician/chemist, dies
  • 1854-03-11 Willard Richards, American physician and religious leader, dies at 49
  • 1855-06-16 John Gorrie, American scientist and inventor (cold-air process of refrigeration), dies at 51
  • 1858-12-16 Richard Bright, English physician (Bright's disease/nephritis), dies at 69
  • 1860-06-29 Thomas Addison, English physician (A-Biermer Disease), dies at 67
  • 1862-02-21 Justinus Kerner, German physician and medical writer (first detailed description of botulism), dies at 75
  • 1865-08-13 Ignaz Semmelweis, Hungarian physician who discovered the cause of puerperal (childbed) fever and introduced antisepsis into medical practice, dies at 47
  • 1866-06-23 Samuel Sarphati, Amsterdam physician/social activist, dies at 53
  • 1867-12-06 Jean Pierre Flourens, French physiologist, dies at 73
  • 1869-12-26 Jean Léonard Marie Poiseuille, French physician and physiologist (blood pressure), dies at 72
Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • 1873-05-14 Gideon Brecher, Austrian physician and writer (b. 1797)
  • 1874-12-16 Abraham Capadose, Dutch physician and missionary, dies at 79
  • 1876-01-09 Samuel Gridley Howe, United States physician, abolitionist, and an advocate of education for the blind, dies at 74
  • 1876-02-24 Jan Pieter Heije, Dutch physician/writer/poet, dies at 67
  • 1876-07-27 Walter Channing, American physician who was the first to use anesthesia during childbirth, dies at 90
  • 1877-09-25 Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich, German Physician and advocate of scientific medicine, dies at 62
  • 1877-12-10 Jared Kirtland, American physician, naturalist and reformed penitentiaries, dies at 84
  • 1878-03-20 Julius Robert von Mayer, German physician and physicist (first law of thermodynamics), dies at 63
  • 1878-06-16 Crawford Williamson Long, American surgeon and pioneer (use of ether as an anesthetic in surgery), dies at 62
  • 1878-07-23 Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky, Bohemian physician (b. 1804)
  • 1880-08-05 Ferdinand Ritter von Hebra, Austrian physician (b. 1816)
  • 1880-08-28 Charles Thomas Jackson, American physician and geologist, dies at 75
  • 1881-06-13 Joseph Škoda, Bohemian physician, dies at 75
  • 1884-11-16 František Chvostek, Moravian physician (b. 1835)
  • 1885-01-24 Martin Delany, African-American abolitionist and physician (1st African American major in US Army), dies at 72
  • 1894-09-08 Hermann von Helmholtz, German physician and physicist, dies at 73
  • 1894-10-07 Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., American physician and author (Old Ironsides), dies at 85
  • 1894-12-08 Willem JF Nuyens, Dutch physician/RC historian, dies at 71
  • 1896-12-26 Emil du Bois-Reymond, German physiologist, co-discoverer of nerve action potential and founder of modern electrophysiology, dies at 78
  • 1897-03-27 Andreas Anagnostakis, Greek physician (b. 1826)
  • 1899-05-01 Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician, dies at 75
  • 1902-11-23 Walter Reed, U.S. Army physician and bacteriologist who proved mosquitoes transmit yellow fever, dies at 51
  • 1903-04-30 Emily Stowe, Canadian suffragist and first woman licensed to practise medicine in Canada, dies at 71
  • 1904-09-24 Niels Ryberg Finsen, Danish physician and phototherapist (Nobel 1903), dies at 43
  • 1904-09-29 Niels Ryberg Finnen, Danish physician (Nobel 1903), dies
  • 1905-02-28 Joseph C Juglar, French physician/economist, dies at 85

Person of interestElizabeth Blackwell

1910-05-31 Elizabeth Blackwell, English-American physician who was the first woman to receive a medical degree in the United States, dies at 89

  • 1911-11-08 Samuel Wilks, British Physician and founding father of clinical science, dies at 87
  • 1912-01-07 Sophia Louisa Jex-Blake, English Physician and Feminist, dies at 71
  • 1913-10-23 Edwin Klebs, German physician and bacteriologist (bacterial theory of infection, diphtheria bacillus), dies at 79
  • 1914-01-04 Silas Weir Mitchell, American physician (discovered causalgia, erythromelalgia) and author (Roland Blake, Hugh Wynne), dies at 84
  • 1915-02-25 George Mimot, physician (Nobel-1934), dies
  • 1915-08-20 Paul Ehrlich, German bacteriologist and physician (Chemotherapy, Nobel Prize 1908), dies in 61
  • 1916-01-16 Arnold Aletrino, Dut physician-criminologist (From Death), dies at 57
  • 1916-02-06 Anne C A I van Diest, Belgian physician/feminist, dies at 73
  • 1916-07-16 Victor Horsley, English physician and neuroscientist, dies while serving in Iraq in WWI at 59
  • 1916-07-30 Albert Neisser, German physician who discovered the bacteria that cause gonorrhea and leprosy, dies of septicemia at 61
  • 1917-02-11 Oswaldo Cruz, Brazilian physician (b. 1872)
  • 1917-04-14 L. L. Zamenhof, Polish physician and linguist (Esperanto), dies at 57
  • 1917-12-17 Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, 1st qualified woman physician in Britain, first woman mayor (Aldeburgh), dies at 81

Person of interestJohn McCrae

1918-01-28 John McCrae, Canadian poet/physician/soldier, dies of pneumonia at 45

World War I Soldier & Poet John McCrae
World War I Soldier & Poet
John McCrae
  • 1918-07-17 Eugene Botkin, Russian court physician of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 53

Famous Physicians