Surgeons in History

Historical Events

  • 1798-03-09 Dr George Balfour becomes 1st naval surgeon in the US navy
  • 1813-03-03 Office of Surgeon General of the US Army forms
  • 1840-08-18 American Society of Dental Surgeons founded (NY)
  • 1841-12-31 Alabama becomes 1st state to license dental surgeons
  • 1842-01-13 Dr. William Brydon, a surgeon in the British Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for (reputedly) being the sole survivor of an army of 16,500 when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad.
  • 1864-04-09 Union surgeon Mary Edwards Walker is captured by Confederate troops and arrested as a spy during US Civil War
  • 1865-11-11 Mary Edward Walker, the first US Army female surgeon, awarded Medal of Honor
  • 1902-02-21 Dr Harvey Cushing, 1st US brain surgeon, performs his 1st brain operation
  • 1912-11-25 American College of Surgeons incorporates in Springield, Illinois
  • 1939-07-19 Dr Roy P Scholz is 1st surgeon to use fiberglass sutures
  • 1957-07-12 US Surgeon General Leroy Burney connects smoking with lung cancer
  • 1964-01-11 First government report by US Surgeon General Luther Terry warning that smoking may be hazardous
  • 1969-04-04 Haskell Karp receives the 1st temporary artificial heart, implanted by surgeon Denton Cooley at Texas Heart Institute in Houston
  • 1988-05-16 US Surgeon General C Everett Koop reports nicotine as addictive as heroin
  • 1990-03-09 Dr Antonia Novello sworn-in as 1st Hispanic and female US Surgeon General
  • 1994-12-09 US Surgeon General Joycelyn Elders resigns after comments about masturbation
  • 1997-12-31 South African & US surgeons separate Zambian Siamese twins joined at the head
  • 2017-12-14 British surgeon Simon Bramhall admits to branding the liver of 2 patients with his initials

Famous Birthdays

  • 1560-06-25 Wilhelm Fabry, German surgeon (Father of German surgery), born in Hilden, Germany (d. 1634)
  • 1688-10-19 William Cheselden, English surgeon and anatomist (d. 1752)
  • 1697-02-24 Bernard S Albinus, [Weiss], German surgeon/anatomist
  • 1712-03-27 Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon, born in Lyon, France (d. 1779)
  • 1728-02-13 John Hunter, Scottish surgeon and founder of pathological anatomy in England, born in Long Calderwood, Scotland (d. 1793)
  • 1744-02-06 Pierre-Joseph Desault, French anatomist & surgeon, born in Vouhenans, France (d. 1795)
  • 1757-11-15 Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher, Danish surgeon, botanist and professor of anatomy (research work in malacology), born in Glückstadt, Holstein, Germany (d. 1830)
  • 1764-04-03 John Abernethy, English surgeon, born in London, England (d. 1831)
  • 1766-07-08 Dominique Jean Larrey, French surgeon (d. 1842)
  • 1771-11-11 Ephraim McDowell, American physician and surgeon (pioneered abdominal surgery), born in Rockbridge, Virginia (d. 1830)

Person of interestWilliam Beaumont

1785-11-21 William Beaumont, American surgeon and father of gastric physiology, born in Lebanon, Connecticut (d. 1853)

Person of interestKarl Ferdinand von Graefe

1787-03-08 Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, German surgeon who helped create modern plastic surgery, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1840)

  • 1791-03-09 George Hayward, American surgeon, 1st to use ether (d. 1863)
  • 1791-06-30 Félix Savart, French surgeon and physicist (law of Biot & Savart), born in Mézières, France (d. 1841)
  • 1795-07-25 James Barry [Margaret Ann Bulkley], female disguised as a man, surgeon general (British army), born in County Cork, Ireland (d. 1865)
  • 1806-05-06 Chapin A. Harris, American dentist who founded the America Society of Dental Surgeons, born in Pompey, New York (d. 1860)
  • 1810-11-09 Bernhard von Langenbeck, German surgeon and founder of Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery, born in Padingbüttel, Germany (d. 1887)
  • 1813-01-15 James Marion Sims, American physician & surgical pioneer (vesicovaginal operation), born in Lancaster County, South Carolina (d. 1883)
  • 1814-01-11 James Paget, English surgeon (disease of Paget)
  • 1815-11-01 Crawford Williamson Long, American surgeon and pioneer (use of ether as an anesthetic in surgery), born in Danielsville, Georgia (d. 1878)
  • 1818-01-14 Zacharias Topelius, Finnish historical novelist (Surgeon's Stories), born in Nykarleby, Finland (d. 1898)
  • 1818-09-16 Francis Seymour Haden, English surgeon and etcher, born in London (d. 1910)
  • 1824-06-28 Paul Broca, French brain surgeon and anthropologist (located speech center), born in Sainte-Foy-la-Grande, France (d. 1880)
  • 1827-04-05 Joseph Lister, British surgeon (pioneer of antiseptic surgery), born in Upton House, West Ham, England (d. 1912)
  • 1828-07-23 Jonathan Hutchinson, English surgeon and scientist, born in Selby, Yorkshire, England (d. 1913)
  • 1829-04-15 Mary Harris Thompson, 1st American woman surgeon, born in Fort Ann, New York (d. 1895)
  • 1832-11-26 Mary Edwards Walker, American surgeon and women's rights leader and only woman to receive Medal of Honor (bravery during Civil War), born in Oswego, New York (d. 1919)
  • 1837-01-19 William Williams Keen, surgeon (brain)
  • 1838-04-12 John Shaw Billings, American librarian and surgeon, born in Allensville, Switzerland County, Indiana (d. 1913)
  • 1841-08-25 Emil Theodor Kocher, Swiss surgeon, Thyroid specialist (Nobel 1909), born in Bern, Switzerland (d. 1917)
  • 1845-05-01 [Robert] Lawson Tait, Scottish-born pioneering surgeon performed first salpingectomy for ectopic pregnancy, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1899)
  • 1851-04-13 Robert Abbe, American surgeon and radiologist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1928)
  • 1851-09-13 Walter Reed, U.S. Army physician and bacteriologist who proved mosquitoes transmit yellow fever, born in Belroi, Virginia (d. 1902)
  • 1852-02-26 John Harvey Kellogg, surgeon, inspired flaked cereal industry
  • 1854-10-03 William Crawford Gorgas, American physician and 22nd Surgeon-General of the U.S. Army (help cure yellow fever), born in Toulminville, Alabama (d. 1920)

Person of interestDaniel Williams

1858-01-18 Daniel Williams, American heart surgeon who performed the 1st open heart surgery, born in Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1931)

Heart surgeon Daniel Williams
Heart surgeon
Daniel Williams
  • 1861-06-29 William James Mayo, American surgeon and co-founder (Mayo Clinic in Minnesota), born in Le Sueur, Minnesota (d. 1939)
  • 1864-11-11 George Washington Crile, American surgeon (conducted the first direct blood transfusion and studied the effects of surgical shock), born in Chili, Ohio (d. 1943)
  • 1865-07-19 Charles Horace Mayo, American surgeon and co-founder (Mayo Clinic), born in Rochester, Minnesota (d. 1939)
  • 1865-08-15 Louisa Aldrich-Blake, British pioneering surgeon, born in Chingford, Essex (d. 1925)
  • 1869-04-08 Harvey Cushing, American neurosurgeon (blood pressure studies), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1939)
  • 1872-11-03 Wilfred Trotter, English surgeon who was a pioneer in neurosurgery, popularized the concept of herd instinct, and was an authority in cancers of the head and neck, born in Coleford, Gloucestershire, England (d. 1939)
  • 1873-06-28 Alexis Carrel, French surgeon, sociologist and biologist (Nobel 1912), born in Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon, France (d. 1944)
  • 1875-07-03 Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch, German Nazi surgeon, born in Barmen, German Empire (d. 1951)
  • 1891-01-26 Wilder Penfield, American-born Canadian neurosurgeon (d. 1976)
  • 1892-01-18 Paul Rostock, German surgeon, born in Kręcko, Poland (d. 1956)
  • 1898-07-28 Charles William Mayo, American surgeon and co-founder (Mayo Clinic), born in Rochester, Minnesota (d. 1968)

Person of interestCharles R. Drew

1904-06-03 Charles R. Drew, American physician and surgeon who pioneered blood plasma research and developed the blood bank concept, born in Washington, D. C. (d. 1950)

Surgeon and Medical Researcher Charles R. Drew
Surgeon and Medical Researcher
Charles R. Drew
  • 1908-07-16 Maurice Adams, British surgeon and rear admiral
  • 1908-09-07 Michael DeBakey, Lebanese-American cardiac surgeon and artificial heart pioneer, born in Lake Charles, Louisiana (d. 2008)
  • 1910-09-17 Vernon Thompson, thoracic surgeon
  • 1910-12-03 Robert Arthur Hughes, British missionary and surgeon who worked in India, born in Oswestry, England (d. 1996)
  • 1911-01-30 Sir Alexander Ogston, British surgeon (discovered Staphylococcus), born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1929)
  • 1911-04-03 Michael Woodruff, English surgeon and scientist (organ transplantation), born in Mill Hill, London (d. 2001)
  • 1911-09-15 Luther Terry, 9th Surgeon General of the United States (1961-65) warned against smoking, born in Red Level, Alabama (d. 1985)
  • 1914-05-10 Lord Smith, British surgeon
  • 1915-07-01 Joseph Ransohoff, American neurosurgeon and pioneer in the modern neurosurgery, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 2001)
  • 1916-08-02 Reginald Murley, British surgeon (President of the Royal College of Surgeons) (d. 1997)
  • 1916-09-16 Julius B. Richmond, 12th US Surgeon General (1977-81) created Head Start program, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2008)
  • 1916-10-05 Douglas Ranger, British surgeon, born in Furness, Lancashire (d. 1997)
  • 1916-10-14 C. Everett Koop, 13th US Surgeon General (1982-89), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1919-04-01 Joseph Murray, American surgeon, Nobel laureate, (d. 2012)
  • 1920-02-03 Henry Heimlich, Surgeon and inventor of the Heimlich maneuver, born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 2016)
  • 1920-08-22 Denton Cooley, American heart surgeon (1st artifical heart transplant), born in Houston, Texas (d. 2016)
  • 1920-09-23 Gerard W Taylor, South African/British surgeon
  • 1921-03-23 Ian Todd, pres (Royal College of Surgeons)
  • 1921-05-19 William H. Stewart, 10th US Surgeon General (1965-69), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2008)
  • 1921-05-20 John Harrison, British vice admiral/surgeon
  • 1922-08-20 Tetsuzo Akutsu, Japanese surgeon who built the first artificial heart, born in Japan (d. 2007)
  • 1922-11-08 Christiaan Barnard, South African cardiac surgeon (perform 1st heart transplant), born in Beaufort West, Union of South Africa (d. 2001)
  • 1923-02-09 Norman E Shumway, Mich, pioneer cardiac transplant surgeon
  • 1925-08-18 Pierre Grondin, French Canadian cardiac surgeon (d. 2006)
  • 1926-03-11 Thomas Starzl, American surgeon, performed 1st successful liver transplant, born in Le Mars, Iowa (d. 2017)
  • 1927-01-06 Jesse Leonard Steinfeld, 11th US Surgeon General (1969-73), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2014)
  • 1928-02-20 Donald Longmore, British cardiac surgeon
  • 1928-04-07 James White, UK, sci-fi author (Star Surgeon, Star Healer)
  • 1928-06-07 James Jude, American thoracic surgeon (developed CPR), born in Maple Lake, Minnesota (d. 2015)
  • 1929-01-30 Lucille Teasdale-Corti, Canadian surgeon & international aid worker, born in Montreal, Canada (d. 1996)
  • 1930-05-22 LaSalle Leffall Jr., American surgeon, medical educator, and 1st black president of the American Cancer Society (1978), and the American College of Surgeons (1995), born in Tallahassee, Florida (d. 2019)
  • 1932-12-10 Ross Taylor [Robert Murray Taylor], Scottish transplant surgeon who pioneered kidney transplantations in the U.K, born in Scotland (d. 2003)
  • 1933-08-13 Jocelyn Elders, 15th US Surgeon General (1993-94) 1st African American holder, born in Schaal, Arkansas
  • 1940-10-15 Peter C. Doherty, Australian immunologist and veterinary surgeon (Nobel 1996), born in Brisbane, Australia
  • 1941-03-02 David Satcher, Amdniral and 16th United States Surgeon General (1998-2001), born in Anniston, Alabama
  • 1943-12-19 William DeVries, American cardiothoracic surgeon (artificial heart), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1944-08-23 Antonia Novello, 14th US Surgeon General (1990-92) 1dt woman and Hispanic holder, born in Farjardo, Puerto Rico
  • 1946-02-16 J R Farndon, British consultant surgeon
  • 1949-11-22 Richard Carmona, 17th Surgeon General of the United States (2002-06), born in NYC, New York
  • 1950-11-07 Alexa Canady, 1st African-American female neurosurgeon and educator, born in Lansing, Michigan
  • 1951-09-18 Ben Carson, American neurosurgeon, Republican politician and US Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1956-10-26 Regina Benjamin, 18th US Surgeon General (2009-13), born in Mobile, Alabama
  • 1960-06-11 Mehmet Oz, Turkish-American surgeon and TV personality (The Dr. Oz Show), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1961-10-01 Robert Rey, Brazilian-American plastic surgeon and television personality
  • 1966-01-25 John Velyvis, American rower & surgeon (Olympics 1996), born in North Adams, Massachusetts
  • 1977-07-10 Vivek Murthy, Vice-Admiral and 19th US Surgeon General (2014-17), born in Hudderfield, UK

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

1941-11-05 Writer and veterinary surgeon James Herriot (25) weds Joan Catherine Danbury

Novelist James Herriot
Novelist
James Herriot

LoveWedding of Interest

1943-10-20 British Children's writer Enid Blyton marries 2nd husband surgeon Kenneth Fraser Darrell Waters at City of Westminster registry office, London

Children's writer Enid Blyton
Children's writer
Enid Blyton
  • 1985-06-22 "Dallas" actress Victoria Principal (35) weds plastic surgeon Harry Glassman (43) in Dallas
  • 1997-10-11 "Charlie's Angels" actress Jaclyn Smith (52) weds Chicago heart surgeon Bradley Allen (43) at United Westwood Methodist Church
  • 2001-09-01 "The Accidental Tourist" actress Geena Davis (45) weds Iranian American plastic surgeon Dr. Reza Jarrahy
  • 2002-11-09 Eighties pop princess Sheena Easton (43) weds Beverly Hills plastic surgeon John Minoli (44) at Las Vegas City Hall

LoveWedding of Interest

2003-05-04 One of the best cricketer Rahul Dravid (30) weds surgeon Vijeta Pendharkar in Bangladore, India

Cricketer Rahul Dravid
Cricketer
Rahul Dravid
  • 2005-04-19 "Extra" co-host Dayna Devon (35) weds plastic surgeon Dr. Brent Moelleken at the Hans Fahden Winery in Calistoga, California
  • 2014-09-14 Actress Elisabetta Canalis (36) weds orthopedic surgeon Brian Perri in Sardinia, Italy

Famous Divorces

  • 2006-05-06 "Dallas" actress Victoria Principal (56) divorces plastic surgeon Harry Glassman (63) due to irreconcilable differences after nearly 21 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

  • 1599-11-07 Gasparo Tagliacozzi, Italian surgeon (b. 1546)
  • 1634-02-15 Wilhelm Fabry, German surgeon (Father of German surgery), dies at 73
  • 1740-07-06 Claudius Amyand, French-born British surgeon who performed first appendectomy, dies at about 80
  • 1770-09-09 Bernard S Albinus, [Weiss], German surgeon/anatomist, dies at 73
  • 1779-01-03 Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon, dies at 66
  • 1788-12-22 Percivall Pott, English physician and surgeon (b. 1714)
  • 1793-10-16 John Hunter, Scottish surgeon and founder of pathological anatomy in England, dies at 65
  • 1830-12-09 Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher, Danish surgeon, botanist and professor of anatomy (research work in malacology), dies at 73
  • 1831-04-20 John Abernethy, English surgeon, dies at 67

Person of interestKarl Ferdinand von Graefe

1840-07-04 Karl Ferdinand von Graefe, German surgeon who helped create modern plastic surgery dies at 53

  • 1841-03-16 Félix Savart, French surgeon and physicist (Law of Biot & Savart), dies at 49
  • 1842-07-25 Dominique Jean Larrey, French surgeon (b. 1766)
  • 1860-03-25 James Braid, Scottish surgeon (b. 1795)
  • 1860-09-29 Chapin A. Harris, American dentist who founded the America Society of Dental Surgeons, dies at 54
  • 1862-12-20 Robert Knox Scottish surgeon, anatomist and zoologist
  • 1865-07-25 James Barry [Margaret Ann Bulkley], British military surgeon and the 1st woman in Great Britain to become a qualified medical doctor, dies at 66 or 67
  • 1880-07-09 Paul Broca, French brain surgeon and anthropologist (located speech center), dies at 56
  • 1887-09-29 Bernhard von Langenbeck, German surgeon and founder of Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery, dies at 76
  • 1895-05-21 Mary Harris Thompson, 1st American woman surgeon, dies at 66
  • 1899-06-13 [Robert] Lawson Tait, Scottish-born pioneering surgeon performed first salpingectomy for ectopic pregnancy, dies at 54
  • 1899-12-30 James Paget, English surgeon (disease of Paget), dies at 85
  • 1908-02-23 Johannes Friedrich August von Esmarch, German surgeon (b. 1823)
  • 1910-06-01 Francis Seymour Haden, English surgeon and etcher, dies at 91
  • 1912-02-10 Joseph Lister, British surgeon (pioneer of antiseptic surgery), dies at 84
  • 1913-03-11 John Shaw Billings, American librarian & surgeon, dies at 74
  • 1913-06-13 Jonathan Hutchinson, English surgeon and scientist, dies at 84
  • 1917-07-27 Emil Theodor Kocher, Swiss surgeon, Thyroid specialist (Nobel 1909), dies at 75
  • 1919-02-21 Mary Edwards Walker, American surgeon and feminist, only woman awarded Medal of Honor (US Civil War), dies at 86
  • 1920-03-26 William Chester Minor, American surgeon and contributor to the Oxford English Dictionary (b. 1834)
  • 1920-07-03 William Crawford Gorgas, American physician and 22nd Surgeon-General of the U.S. Army (help cure yellow fever), dies at 65
  • 1925-12-28 Louisa Aldrich-Blake, British pioneering surgeon, dies of cancer at 65
  • 1928-03-07 Robert Abbe, American surgeon and radiologist, dies at 76

Person of interestDaniel Williams

1931-08-04 Daniel Williams, American heart surgeon who performed the 1st open heart surgery, dies at 73

Heart surgeon Daniel Williams
Heart surgeon
Daniel Williams
  • 1939-05-26 Charles Horace Mayo, American surgeon and co-founder (Mayo Clinic), dies at 74
  • 1939-07-28 William James Mayo, American surgeon and co-founder (Mayo Clinic in Minnesota), dies at 78
  • 1939-10-07 Harvey Cushing, American neurosurgeon (blood pressure studies), dies at 70
  • 1939-11-25 Wilfred Trotter, English surgeon who was a pioneer in neurosurgery, popularized the concept of herd instinct, and was an authority in cancers of the head and neck, dies at 67
  • 1943-01-07 George Washington Crile, American surgeon (conducted the first direct blood transfusion and studied the effects of surgical shock), dies at 78
  • 1944-11-05 Alexis Carrel, French surgeon, sociologist and biologist (Nobel 1912), dies at 71
  • 1945-05-02 Ludwig Stumpfegger, German SS doctor and Hitler's personal surgeon commits suicide at 34

Person of interestCharles R. Drew

1950-04-01 Charles R. Drew, American physician and surgeon who pioneered blood plasma research and developed the blood bank concept, dies in a car crash at 45

Surgeon and Medical Researcher Charles R. Drew
Surgeon and Medical Researcher
Charles R. Drew
  • 1951-07-02 Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch, German Nazi surgeon, dies at 75
  • 1955-12-13 Egas Moniz, Portuguese psychiatrist and neurosurgeon, Nobel laureate (b. 1874)
  • 1957-02-05 Sami Ibrahim Haddad, Lebanese surgeon (b. 1890)
  • 1960-04-14 Archibald McIndoe, plastic surgeon, dies
  • 1968-05-23 James Burke, American actor (Ellery Queen, Army Surgeon), dies at 81
  • 1968-07-28 Charles William Mayo, American surgeon (Mayo Clinic), dies in a car accident at 70
  • 1976-04-05 Wilder Penfield, Canadian surgeon (b. 1891)
  • 1976-05-01 T.R.M. Howard, civil rights leader, entrepreneur, surgeon (b. 1908)
  • 1985-03-29 Luther Terry, 9th Surgeon General of the United States, dies at 73
  • 1994-07-16 M Vink, surgeon (1st Dutch kidney transplant), dies at 78
  • 1995-01-03 Gerard W Taylor, South African/British surgeon, dies at 74
  • 1996-06-01 Robert Arthur Hughes, missionary/surgeon, dies at 85
  • 1997-11-04 H Richard Hornberger, surgeon (inspired M*A*S*H), dies at 73
  • 1997-12-22 Douglas Ranger, British surgeon, dies at 81
  • 2001-01-30 Joseph Ransohoff, American neurosurgeon and pioneer in the modern neurosurgery, dies at 85
  • 2001-03-10 Michael Woodruff, English surgeon and scientist (organ transplantation), dies at 89
  • 2001-09-02 Christiaan Barnard, South African cardiac surgeon (perform 1st heart transplant), dies from a severe asthma attack at 78
  • 2003-10-24 Ross Taylor [Robert Murray Taylor], Scottish transplant surgeon who pioneered kidney transplantations in the U.K., dies from cancer of the stomach at 70
  • 2004-12-26 Jonathan Drummond-Webb, South African pediatric heart surgeon (b. 1959)
  • 2005-03-27 Wilfred Bigelow, Canadian heart surgeon (b. 1913)
  • 2006-01-17 Pierre Grondin, French Canadian cardiac surgeon (b. 1925)
  • 2006-03-08 Brian Barratt-Boyes, New Zealand heart surgeon (b. 1924)
  • 2007-08-09 Tetsuzo Akutsu, Japanese surgeon who built the first artificial heart, dies at 84
  • 2008-01-14 Judah Folkman, Surgeon that developed Angiogenesis (b. 1933)
  • 2008-04-23 William H. Stewart, 10th US Surgeon General (1965-69), dies at 86
  • 2008-07-11 Michael DeBakey, Lebanese-American cardiac surgeon and artificial heart pioneer, dies at 99
  • 2008-07-27 Julius B. Richmond, 12th US Surgeon General (1977-81) created Head Start program, dies at 91
  • 2010-09-27 Balaji Sadasivan, Singaporean politician and neurosurgeon (b. 1955)
  • 2012-11-26 Joseph Murray, English plastic surgeon, dies from a hemorrhagic stroke at 93
  • 2013-02-25 C Everett Koop, American pediatric surgeon, health administrator and 13th US Surgeon General (1982-89), dies at 96
  • 2014-08-05 Jesse Leonard Steinfeld, 11th US Surgeon General (1969-73), dies at 87
  • 2015-07-28 James Jude, American thoracic surgeon (developed CPR), dies at 87
  • 2016-11-18 Denton Cooley, American heart surgeon (1st artifical heart transplant), dies at 96
  • 2016-12-17 Henry Heimlich, American surgeon and inventor of the Heimlich maneuver, dies at 96
  • 2017-03-04 Thomas Starzl, American surgeon, performed 1st successful liver transplant, dies at 90
  • 2019-05-25 LaSalle Leffall Jr., American surgeon, medical educator, and 1st black president of the American Cancer Society (1978), and the American College of Surgeons (1995), dies at 89