Astrophysicists in History

Famous Birthdays

  • 1819-08-09 Jonathan Homer Lane, American astrophysicist who mathematically analyzed the Sun as a gaseous body, born in Geneseo, New York (d. 1880)
  • 1882-12-28 Arthur Eddington, English astrophysicist, cosmologist and mathematician (stars), born in Kendal, Westmorland, England (d. 1944)
  • 1893-10-23 Ernest Julius Öpik, Kunda, Estonian Astronomer and Astrophysicist known for his studies of meteors and the structure and evolution of the cosmos
  • 1896-02-14 Edward Arthur Milne, English astrophysicist (kinematic relativity), born in Yorkshire, England (d. 1950)
  • 1900-05-10 Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, British-American astronomer and astrophysicist who proposed that stars are composed largely of hydrogen and are not glowing balls of molten rock, born in Wendover, England (d. 1979)
  • 1906-11-02 Bengt Edlén, Swedish Astrophysicist who specialized in spectroscopy and discovered the source of unidentified emission lines in solar spectrum, born in Gusum, Sweden (d. 2003)
  • 1910-10-19 Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, India, astrophysicist (Nobel 1983)
  • 1911-08-09 William Fowler, American astrophysicist (Nobel 1983), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • 1920-05-22 Thomas Gold, Austrian astrophysicist (proposed steady-state theory of universe), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2004)
  • 1927-06-10 Eugene Parker, American solar astrophysicist (Parker Space Probe named after him)
  • 1929-10-25 Roger John Tayler, British astrophysicist (author of The Origin of the Chemical Elements), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1997)
  • 1931-10-06 Riccardo Giacconi, Italian American astrophysicist, Nobel Prize for Physics 2002 for X-ray astronomy, born in Genoa, Italy (d. 2018)
  • 1932-07-13 Hubert Reeves, Canadian astrophysicist
  • 1935-04-05 Donald Lynden-Bell, British theoretical astrophysicist, born in Dover, Kent (d. 2018)
  • 1935-04-25 James Peebles, Canadian American astrophysicist (Ostriker–Peebles criterion), 2019 Nobel Prize for Physics, born in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • 1935-11-10 Igor Dmitriyevich Novikov, Russian astrophysicist and cosmologist, born in Moscow, Russian SFSR
  • 1936-02-12 Fang Lizhi, Chinese astrophysicist/dissident (Tiananmen Square, 1989), born in Beijing, China (d. 2012)
  • 1938-07-19 Jayant Narlikar, Indian astrophysicist (Hoyle–Narlikar theory), born in Maharashtra, India
  • 1939-11-22 Tom West, American astrophysicist
  • 1942-01-12 Michael Mayor, Swiss astrophysicist (discovered 1st exoplanet), 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics, born in Lausanne, Switzerland

Person of interestJocelyn Bell Burnell

1943-07-15 Jocelyn Bell Burnell, Irish astrophysicist (discovered radio pulsars), born in Lurgan, Northern Ireland

Astrophysicist Jocelyn Bell Burnell
Astrophysicist
Jocelyn Bell Burnell
  • 1953-02-23 Sallie L Baliunas, astrophysicist
  • 1954-05-28 George E Mahlberg, Astrophysicist, Mt Palomar/Mt Wilson CA (1974-78)
  • 1954-08-18 Umberto Guidoni, Italian astrophysicist and writer (STS 75), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1956-08-02 Fulvio Melia, Italian-American physicist/astrophysicist and author, born in Gorizia, Italy
  • 1958-10-05 Neil deGrasse Tyson, American astrophysicist, TV presenter and writer, born in New York City
  • 1965-03-29 Emilios T. Harlaftis, Greek astrophysicist, born in Kiato, Greece (d. 2005)

Famous Deaths

  • 1880-05-03 Jonathan Homer Lane, American astrophysicist who mathematically analyzed the Sun as a gaseous body, dies at 60
  • 1944-11-22 Arthur Eddington, English astrophysicist, cosmologist and mathematician (stars), dies at 61
  • 1950-09-21 Edward Arthur Milne, English astrophysicist (kinematic relativity), dies of a heart attack at 54
  • 1979-12-07 Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, British-American astronomer and astrophysicist who proposed that stars are composed largely of hydrogen and are not glowing balls of molten rock, dies at 79
  • 1985-09-10 Ernest Julius Öpik, Estonian astronomer and astrophysicist known for his studies of meteors and the structure and evolution of the cosmos, dies at 91
  • 1995-03-14 William Fowler, American astrophysicist (Nobel 1983), dies at 83
  • 1996-01-02 Thornton Page, American astrophysicist, dies at 82
  • 1996-08-12 Victor Ambartsumian, Russian astronomer (Stalin Prize 1946, 50), dies at 87
  • 1997-01-23 Roger John Tayler, British astrophysicist (author of The Origin of the Chemical Elements), dies at 67
  • 2003-02-10 Bengt Edlén, Swedish Astrophysicist who specialized in spectroscopy and discovered the source of unidentified emission lines in solar spectrum, dies at 86
  • 2004-06-22 Thomas Gold, Austrian astrophysicist (proposed steady-state theory of universe), dies from complications due to heart disease at 84
  • 2005-02-13 Emilios T. Harlaftis, Greek astrophysicist, dies at 40
  • 2005-08-17 John Bahcall, American astrophysicist (b. 1934)
  • 2012-04-06 Fang Lizhi, Chinese astrophysicist/dissident, dies at 76
  • 2018-12-09 Riccardo Giacconi, Italian American astrophysicist, Nobel Prize for Physics 2002 for X-ray astronomy, dies at 87