Nuclear Physicists in History

Historical Events

  • 1950-02-03 Nuclear physicist Klaus Fuchs arrested on spying charges

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970-11-04 Russian nuclear physicist Andrei Sakharov forms Human Rights Committee

Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident Andrei Sakharov
Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident
Andrei Sakharov

Famous Birthdays

  • 1898-08-20 Leopold Infeld, Polish nuclear physicist (Whom the God's Love), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1968)

Person of interestEnrico Fermi

1901-09-29 Enrico Fermi, Italian-American nuclear physicist, gone fission, fermium (Nobel 1938), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1954)

Father of the Atomic Bomb Enrico Fermi
Father of the Atomic Bomb
Enrico Fermi
  • 1903-01-12 Igor Kurchatov, Russian nuclear physicist, born in Sim, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia (d. 1960)
  • 1904-03-04 George Gamow, nuclear physicist/cosmologist/writer (1, 2, 3...
  • 1904-03-11 Cornelis Jan Bakker, Dutch/US nuclear physicist
  • 1905-10-23 Felix Bloch, Swiss/US nuclear physicist (Nobel 1952)
  • 1906-06-28 Maria Goeppert-Mayer, American-German atomic physicist (Nobel 1963), born in Kattowitz, German Empire (d. 1972)
  • 1906-07-23 Wolfgang Gentner, German nuclear physicist, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1980)
  • 1906-12-10 Walter Zinn, Canadian-American nuclear physicist (invented the breeder reactor), born in Kitchener, Ontario (d. 2000)
  • 1907-05-18 Robley Evans, American nuclear physicist, born in University Place, Nebraska (d. 1996)
  • 1911-01-26 Polykarp Kusch, American nuclear physicist: Nobel 1955
  • 1911-11-29 Klaus E J Fuchs, Rüsselsheim Germany, German/British atomic physicist/spy
  • 1913-08-22 Bruno Pontecorvo, Italian nuclear physicist, born in Marina di Pisa, Italy (d. 1993)

Person of interestRobert Hofstadter

1915-02-05 Robert Hofstadter, American atomic physicist and Nobel laureate (electron scattering in atomic nuclei), born in NYC, New York (d. 1990)

  • 1917-04-23 Jacob Kistemaker, Dutch nuclear physicist (ultra centrifuge), born in Kolhorn, Netherlands (d. 2010)

Person of interestAndrei Sakharov

1921-05-21 Andrei Sakharov, Russian nuclear physicist and an activist for disarmament, peace and human rights (1975 Nobel), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1989)

Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident Andrei Sakharov
Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident
Andrei Sakharov
  • 1922-03-26 Oscar Sala, Italian-born Brazilian nuclear physicist, born in Milan, Italy (d. 2010)
  • 1930-11-22 John P. Schiffer, American nuclear physicist, born in Budapest
  • 1931-09-29 James Cronin, nuclear physicist (Physics Nobel Prize 1980), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2016)
  • 1948-10-14 Engin Arık, Turkish nuclear physicist, born in Istanbul (d. 2007)
  • 1950-07-11 Pervez Hoodbhoy, Pakistani nuclear physicist

Famous Deaths


Person of interestEnrico Fermi

1954-11-28 Enrico Fermi, Italian-American nuclear physicist (Nobel 1938), dies of stomach cancer at 53

Father of the Atomic Bomb Enrico Fermi
Father of the Atomic Bomb
Enrico Fermi
  • 1958-08-14 Frederic Joliot-Curie, French nuclear physicist (Nobel 1936), dies
  • 1960-02-07 Igor V Kurtshatov, Russian nuclear physicist, dies at 57
  • 1960-04-23 Cornelis Jan Bakkerr, Dutch/US nuclear physicist, dies
  • 1967-01-16 Robert J Van De Graaff, US nuclear physicist, dies at 65
  • 1972-02-20 Maria Goeppert-Mayer, American-German atomic physicist (Nobel 1963), dies at 65
  • 1980-09-04 Wolfgang Gentner, German nuclear physicist, dies at 74
  • 1988-01-11 Isidor Isaac Rabi, nuclear physicist (Nobel Prize-1944), dies at 89

Person of interestRobert Hofstadter

1990-11-17 Robert Hofstadter, American atomic physicist and Nobel laureate (electron scattering in atomic nuclei), dies at 75

  • 1993-09-24 Bruno Pontecorvo, Italian nuclear physicist, dies at 80
  • 1996-01-07 Robley D Evans, nuclear physicist, dies at 88
  • 2000-02-14 Walter Zinn, Canadian-American nuclear physicist (invented the breeder reactor), dies at 93
  • 2007-11-30 Engin Arık, Turkish nuclear physicist, dies at 59
  • 2010-01-02 Oscar Sala, Italian-born Brazilian nuclear physicist, dies at 87
  • 2010-05-28 Jacob Kistemaker, Dutch nuclear physicist (ultra centrifuge), dies at 93
  • 2016-08-25 James Cronin, American nuclear physicist (Physics Nobel Prize 1980), dies at 84