Physicists in History

Historical Events

  • 1820-09-25 French Physicist François Arago announces electromagnetism in his discovery that a copper wire between the poles of a voltaic cell could laterally attract iron filings to itself

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1895-11-08 German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen produces and detects electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as X-rays or Röntgen rays

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Wilhelm Röntgen

InventionScientific Discovery

1897-04-30 English physicist and head of the Cavendish laboratory J. J. Thomson announces his discovery of the electron in a lecture to the Royal Institution

Physicist J. J. Thomson
Physicist
J. J. Thomson
  • 1900-12-14 Birth of Quantum Physics: German Physicist Max Planck presents a theoretical derivation of his black-body radiation law

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1910-12-10 Dutch Physicist Johannes van der Waals wins the Nobel Prize for physics

Physicist/Nobel Laureate Johannes van der Waals
Physicist/Nobel Laureate
Johannes van der Waals

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1922-12-10 Danish physicist Niels Bohr awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics, for work on the structure of atoms, at a ceremony in Copehagen

Nobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels Bohr
Nobel Prize Winning Physicist
Niels Bohr

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1926-01-27 Physicist Erwin Schrödinger publishes his theory of wave mechanics and presents what becomes known as the Schrödinger equation in quantum mechanics

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Erwin Schrödinger
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Erwin Schrödinger

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932-12-05 German physicist Albert Einstein granted a visa to enter America

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein

InventionHistoric Invention

1934-07-04 Hungarian physicist Leo Szilard patents the chain-reaction design for the atomic bomb

Physicist and Inventor Leó Szilárd
Physicist and Inventor
Leó Szilárd

InventionHistoric Invention

1935-04-02 Scottish physicist Robert Watson-Watt receives a British patents for RADAR

Physicist and Radar Pioneer Robert Watson-Watt
Physicist and Radar Pioneer
Robert Watson-Watt
  • 1935-11-29 Physicist Erwin Schrödinger publishes his famous thought experiment "Schrödinger's cat", a paradox that illustrates the problem of the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics
  • 1936-12-10 Stockholm: physicist PBJ Debije receives Nobel prize for chemistry
  • 1940-07-15 Physicist Donald Kerst becomes the first person to accelerate electrons using electromagnetic induction, reaching energies of 2.3 MeV, when his betatron device (for particle acceleration) becomes operational in Urbana, Illinois
  • 1941-07-09 Dutch-American Physicist Abraham Pais is awarded his Ph.D. in Holland five days before a Nazi deadline banning Jews from receiving degrees
  • 1941-09-17 Famous meeting between Danish physicist Niels Bohr and German head of nuclear energy project Werner Heisenberg in Copenhagen to discuss nuclear weapons (date approximate)

USAManhattan Project

1945-01-15 The Manhattan Project's G-5 Group, headed by Physicist's Donald Kerst and Seth Neddermeyer, take their first betatron pictures of a nuclear implosion at the Los Alamos Laboratory

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'Calutron Girls' monitoring a mass spectrometer during the Manhattan Project. Gladys Owens, in the foreground, did not know what she was involved with until seeing this picture on a tour fifty years later.
'Calutron Girls' monitoring a mass spectrometer during the Manhattan Project. Gladys Owens, in the foreground, did not know what she was involved with until seeing this picture on a tour fifty years later.
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  • 1945-05-03 Allies arrest German physicist Werner Heisenberg

JapanNuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

1945-07-26 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva depart Kirtland Army Air Field to transport the plutonium core for the Fat Man bomb (bombing of Nagasaki) to the island of Tinian where the bomb is assembled

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Mushroom cloud over Nagasaki
Mushroom cloud over Nagasaki
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-07-28 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva arrive on the Pacific island of Tinian with the plutonium core used to assemble the Fat Man bomb used in the bombing of Nagasaki on August 9

Physicist Raemer Schreiber
Physicist
Raemer Schreiber
  • 1946-05-21 Physicist Louis Slotin is exposed to a lethal dose of radiation while preparing a plutonium core experiment at the Los Alamos lab, he dies 9 days later and the accident ends all hands-on nuclear assembly work at Los Alamos

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1950-12-11 British Physicist Cecil Frank Powell awarded Nobel Prize in Physics for his study of nuclear processes and the discovery of the pion

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Cecil Frank Powell
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Cecil Frank Powell

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989-02-22 UK physicist Stephen Hawking calls the proposed missile defense system known as Star Wars a "deliberate fraud"

Physicist Stephen Hawking
Physicist
Stephen Hawking
  • 1994-04-26 Physicists announce first evidence of the top quark subatomic particle.
  • 1995-10-13 Nobel Peace Prize awarded jointly to Polish physicist Joseph Rotblat and the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, for their work to reduce and eliminate nuclear weapons
  • 2012-12-11 British physicist, Stephen Hawking, wins the $3 million Fundamental Physics Prize, the most lucrative academic prize in the world
  • 2015-08-24 Physicist Stephen Hawking presents a new theory on black holes at a lecture at the KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm
  • 2016-02-11 Discover of gravitational waves (through collision of two black holes) announced by physicists from the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (Ligo)
  • 2018-06-15 Physicist Stephen Hawking's ashes are interred in Westminster Abbey, London, between the remains of Isaac Newton and Charles Darwin

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 447

  • 1544-05-24 William Gilbert, English physician and physicist (researcher into magnetism), born in Colchester, England (d. 1603)

Person of interestGalileo Galilei

1564-02-15 Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer, physicist and engineer who has been called the father of science, born in Pisa, Duchy of Florence, Italy (d. 1642)

Astronomer and Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer and Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • 1567-01-04 Franciscus Aguilon, physicist/mathematician/jesuit/architect
  • 1571-01-21 John I Pontanus, physicist/historian (Amsterdam)
  • 1575-07-25 Christoph Scheiner, German astronomer and physicist, born in Markt Wald, Germany (d. 1650)
  • 1608-10-15 Evangelista Torricelli, Italian physicist (inventor of barometer), born in Rome, Papal States (d. 1647)
  • 1618-04-02 Francesco Maria Grimaldi, Italian mathematician and physicist (light defraction), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1663)

Person of interestBlaise Pascal

1623-06-19 Blaise Pascal, French mathematician, physicist and Christian philosopher (Pascal's Law, Pascal's Wager), born in Clermont-Ferrand, France (d. 1662)

Mathematician, Physicist and Philosopher Blaise Pascal
Mathematician, Physicist and Philosopher
Blaise Pascal
  • 1625-08-13 Rasmus Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician and physicist, born in Roskilde, Denmark (d. 1698)
  • 1627-01-25 Robert Boyle, Anglo-Irish natural philosopher & chemist, born in Lismore, Republic of Ireland (d. 1691)

Person of interestIsaac Newton

1642-12-25 Isaac Newton, English physicist, mathematician and astronomer (Gravity, Laws of Motion), born in Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, England (d. 1727)

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
  • 1647-08-22 Denis Papin, French physicist (Papiniaanse pot, steam machine), born in Blois, France (d. 1712)
  • 1653-03-25 Joseph Sauveur, French mathematician, physicist and sound engineer who coined the name acoustics for the study of sound from the ancient Greek word ακουστός, meaning "able to be heard", born in La Flèche, France (d. 1716)
  • 1655-09-19 Jan Luyts, Dutch physicist and mathematician, born in Hoorn, Netherlands (d. 1721)
  • 1663-08-31 Guillaume Amontons, French physicist, born in Paris (d. 1705)

Person of interestDaniel Gabriel Fahrenheit

1686-05-24 Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, Dutch-German-Polish physicist, inventor, and scientific instrument maker, who invented the thermometer and the Fahrenheit scale, born in Danzig, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1736)

Inventor and Physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
Inventor and Physicist
Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
  • 1688-09-26 Willem 's-Gravesande, Dutch mathematician and physicist, born in s-Hertogenbosch, Duchy of Brabant (d. 1742)
  • 1700-11-19 Jean-Antoine Nollet, French clergyman and physicist (discovery of osmosis), born in Pimprez, Kingdom of France (d. 1770)
  • 1704-10-09 Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician, born in Bratislava, Slovakia (d. 1777)
  • 1711-07-22 Georg Wilhelm Richmann, Russian physicist (d. 1753)
  • 1711-08-05 Johan Lulofs, Dutch physicist/philosopher/astronomer
  • 1711-10-31 Laura Bassi, Italian physicist and scholar, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1778)
  • 1716-10-03 Giovanni Battista Beccaria, Italian physicist, born in Mondovì, Piedmont, Italy (d. 1781)
  • 1718-07-31 John Canton, English physicist, born in Stroud, Gloucestershire, England (d. 1772)
  • 1724-12-13 Franz Aepinus, German physician and physicist, born in Rostock, Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (d. 1802)
  • 1728-04-16 Joseph Black, Scottish chemist and physicist known for his discoveries of magnesium, latent heat and carbon dioxide, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1799)
  • 1731-10-10 Henry Cavendish, England, physicist and chemist (discovered hydrogen), born in Nice (d. 1810)
  • 1732-09-06 Johan Wilcke, Swedish physicist, born in Wismar, Germany (d. 1796)
  • 1733-05-04 Jean-Charles de Borda, French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, and sailor, born in Dax, France (d. 1799)
  • 1736-06-14 Charles-Augustin de Coulomb, French physicist (formulated Coulomb's Law), born in Angoulême, France (d. 1806)
  • 1737-09-07 Luigi Galvani, Italian anatomist and physicist, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1798)
  • 1740-02-17 Horace B de Saussure, Swiss physicist/geologist
  • 1742-07-01 Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, German physicist and writer (types of Lichtenberg), born in Ober-Ramstadt, Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1799)

Person of interestAlessandro Volta

1745-02-18 Alessandro Volta, Italian physicist and inventor of the 1st battery, born in Como, Italy (d. 1827)

Physicist and Inventor Alessandro Volta
Physicist and Inventor
Alessandro Volta
  • 1749-03-23 Pierre-Simon, marquis de Laplace, French mathematician, astronomer and physicist (stability of the solar system), born in Beaumount-en-Auge, Normandy, France (d. 1827)
  • 1750-03-20 Martinus van Marum, Dutch chemist/physicist (Homo Diluvii Testus)
  • 1753-03-26 Benjamin Thompson, American physicist and inventor (Royal Institution of Great Britain), born in Woburn, Massachusetts (d. 1814)
  • 1753-04-28 Franz K Achard, German physicist and chemist, born in Berlin (d. 1821)
  • 1754-03-23 Baron Jurij Vega, Slovenian mathematician, physicist, and artillery officer (d. 1802)
  • 1756-11-30 Ernst Chladni, German physicist and musician (Estimating the speed of sound Chladni's law), born in Wittenberg, Electorate of Saxony (d. 1827)
  • 1761-12-11 Gian Domenico Romagnosi, Italian philosopher and physicist, born in Salsomaggiore Terme, Italy (d. 1835)
  • 1762-04-10 Giovanni Aldini, Italian physicist, born in Bologna (d. 1834)
  • 1766-08-06 William Hyde Wollaston, English chemist and physicist (famous for discovering the chemical elements palladium and rhodium), born in East Dereham, Norfolk, England (d. 1828)

Person of interestJohn Dalton

1766-09-06 John Dalton, English physicist and chemist who developed the atomic theory of matter and researched colour blindness, born in Eaglesfield, England (d. 1844)

Chemist, Physicist and Meteorologist John Dalton
Chemist, Physicist and Meteorologist
John Dalton
  • 1770-04-09 Thomas Johann Seebeck, German physicist (Seebeck effect), born in Tallinn, Estonia, Russian Empire (d. 1831)
  • 1771-06-03 Charles Bernard Desormes, Dijon, French Physicist and Chemist who determined the ratio of the specific heats of gases as well as the exact composition of carbon monoxide and carbon disulphide
  • 1773-06-13 Thomas Young, British physician and physicist (light interference), born in Milverton, Somerset, England (d. 1829)
  • 1774-04-21 Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist (Biot-Savart law), born in Paris (d. 1862)
  • 1775-01-20 André-Marie Ampère, French physicist (d. 1836)
  • 1775-07-23 Étienne-Louis Malus, French physicist (Polarization of light), born in Paris (d. 1812)
  • 1776-12-16 Johann Wilhelm Ritter, German physicist (d. 1810)
  • 1777-03-31 Charles Cagniard de la Tour, French physicist (d. 1859)

Person of interestHans Christian Ørsted

1777-08-14 Hans Christian Ørsted, Danish physicist and chemist (View of Chemical Law), born in Rudkøbing, Denmark (d. 1851)

Physicist, Chemist Hans Christian Ørsted
Physicist, Chemist
Hans Christian Ørsted
  • 1778-12-06 Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, French physicist and chemist, born in Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat, Kingdom of France (d. 1850)
  • 1781-06-21 Siméon-Denis Poisson, French mathematician and physicist (the Poisson distribution), born in Pithiviers, France (d. 1840)
  • 1781-12-11 David Brewster, Scottish physicist and inventor (kaleidoscope), born in Jedburgh, Roxburghshire, Scotland (d. 1868)
  • 1785-02-10 Claude-Louis Navier, French engineer and physicist who specialized in mechanics (Navier–Stokes equations), born in Dijon, France (d. 1836)
  • 1785-02-12 Pierre Louis Dulong, French physicist (d. 1838)
  • 1785-02-22 Jean Charles Athanase Peltier, Ham, French Physicist (Peltier effect 1834)
  • 1786-02-28 François Arago, French astronomer, physicist and politician, born in Estagel, France (d. 1853)
  • 1786-03-25 Giovanni Battista Amici, Italian astronomer, physicist and botanist, born in Modena (d. 1863)
  • 1787-03-06 Joseph von Fraunhofer, German physicist (studied Sun's spectrum)
  • 1788-03-07 Antoine César Becquerel, French physicist who pioneered the study of electric and luminescent phenomena, born in Châtillon-Coligny, France (d. 1878)
  • 1788-05-10 Augustin-Jean Fresnel, optics pioneer/physicist
  • 1789-03-16 Georg Ohm, German physicist and mathematician (Ohm's law), born in Erlangen, Bavaria (d. 1854)
  • 1789-08-21 Augustin-Louis Cauchy, French mathematician and physicist, born in Paris (d. 1857)
  • 1791-06-30 Félix Savart, French surgeon and physicist (law of Biot & Savart), born in Mézières, France (d. 1841)
  • 1792-04-23 John Romney Robinson, Irish astronomer and physicist, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1882)
  • 1794-03-05 Jacques Babinet, French physicist/mathematician/astronomer
  • 1796-12-29 Johann Christian Poggendorff, German physicist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1877)
  • 1798-04-11 Macedonio Melloni, Italian physicist (radiant light), born in Parma, Italy (d. 1854)
  • 1798-09-11 Franz E. Neumann, German mineralogist, mathematician and physicist, born in Joachimsthal, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1895)
  • 1799-02-26 Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (d. 1864)
  • 1800-01-11 Ányos Jedlik, Hungarian physicist (d. 1895)
  • 1801-04-19 Gustav Fechner, German philosopher and physicist (Weber–Fechner law), born in Żarki Wielkie, Poland (d. 1887)
  • 1801-06-16 Julius Plücker, German mathematician and physicist (d. 1868)
  • 1801-09-24 Mikhail Ostrogradsky, Russian physicist and mathematician, born in Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1862)
  • 1801-10-14 Joseph Plateau, Belgian physicist (Plateau's Law), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1883)
  • 1802-02-06 Charles Wheatstone, English scientist & inventor, born in Barnwood, United Kingdom (d. 1875)
  • 1803-10-06 Heinrich Wilhelm Dove, Prussian physicist and meteorologist, born in Legnica, Poland (d. 1879)

Person of interestChristian Doppler

1803-11-29 Christian Doppler, Austrian physicist (Doppler effect), born in Salzburg, Austria (d. 1853)

  • 1804-02-12 Heinrich Lenz, German physicist (d. 1865)
  • 1804-10-24 Wilhelm Eduard Weber, German physicist, born in Wittenberg, Germany (d. 1891)
  • 1810-07-21 Henri V. Regnault, French physicist and chemist, born in Aachen (d. 1878)
  • 1811-06-21 Carlo Matteucci, Italian physicist and neurophysiologist (bioelectricity), born in Forlì, Papal States (d. 1868)
  • 1811-07-11 William Robert Grove, Welsh physicist and inventor of the first fuel cell, born in Swansea, Wales (d. 1896)
  • 1813-12-19 Thomas Andrews, Irish chemist and physicist (ozone), born in Belfast (d. 1885)
  • 1814-08-13 Anders Jonas Ångström, Swedish physicist (Spectroscopy), born in Lögdö, Medelpad, Sweden (d. 1874)
  • 1814-11-25 Julius Robert von Mayer, German physician and physicist (first law of thermodynamics), born in Heilbronn, Württemberg (d. 1878)
  • 1818-12-24 James Prescott Joule, English physicist (the law of conservation of energy), born in Salford, United Kingdom (d. 1889)
  • 1819-08-13 George Gabriel Stokes, Irish physicist and mathematician (spectroscope), born in Skreen, County Sligo, Ireland (d. 1903)
  • 1819-09-17 Leon Foucault, French physicist whose pendulum proved that the Earth rotates, born in Paris (d. 1868)
  • 1819-09-23 Hippolyte Fizeau, French physicist (d. 1896)
  • 1820-03-24 Edmond Becquerel, French physicist who studied the solar spectrum, magnetism, electricity and optics (photovoltaic effect), born in Paris, France (d. 1891)
  • 1820-07-05 William John Macquorn Rankine, Scottish mechanical engineer and physicist, born in Edinburgh (d. 1872)
  • 1820-08-02 John Tyndall, Irish physicist who demonstrated why the sky is blue and proved that the Earth's atmosphere has a greenhouse effect, born in Leighlinbridge, County Carlow, Ireland (d. 1893)
  • 1821-08-31 Hermann von Helmholtz, German physician and physicist, born in Potsdam, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1894)
  • 1822-01-02 Rudolph J E Clausius, German physicist (thermodynamics)
  • 1824-03-12 Gustav Kirchhoff, German physicist (spectroscopy, coined "black body" radiation), born in Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1887)

Person of interestWilliam Thomson

1824-06-26 William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, Irish-Scottish mathematical physicist (Kelvin Scale) and engineer (transatlantic telegraph), born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1907)

Mathematical Physicist and Engineer William Thomson
Mathematical Physicist and Engineer
William Thomson

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

1794-09-22 Physicist Alessandro Volta (49) weds Teresa Peregrini

Physicist and Inventor Alessandro Volta
Physicist and Inventor
Alessandro Volta

LoveWedding of Interest

1865-09-27 Physicist Johannes van der Waals (27) weds Anna Magdalena Smit (18)

Physicist/Nobel Laureate Johannes van der Waals
Physicist/Nobel Laureate
Johannes van der Waals

LoveWedding of Interest

1872-01-19 Physicist Wilhelm Röntgen (26) weds Anna Bertha Ludwig in Apeldoorn, Netherlands

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Wilhelm Röntgen

LoveWedding of Interest

1890-01-02 Physicist J. J. Thomson (33) weds Rose Elisabeth Paget

Physicist J. J. Thomson
Physicist
J. J. Thomson

LoveWedding of Interest

1895-07-26 Physicist and chemist Maria Skłodowska (27) weds physicist Pierre Curie (36) in Sceaux, France

Physicist Marie Curie
Physicist
Marie Curie

LoveWedding of Interest

1902-04-10 Physicist Robert A. Millikan (34) weds Greta Blanchard

LoveWedding of Interest

1912-08-01 Physicist Niels Bohr (26) weds Margrethe Norlund at a civil ceremony in Slagelse, Denmark

Nobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels Bohr
Nobel Prize Winning Physicist
Niels Bohr

LoveWedding of Interest

1920-04-06 Physicist Erwin Schrödinger (32) weds Annemarie Bertel

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Erwin Schrödinger
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Erwin Schrödinger

LoveWedding of Interest

1925-08-11 Physicist James Chadwick (33) weds Aileen Stewart-Brown

Physicist James Chadwick
Physicist
James Chadwick

LoveWedding of Interest

1926-10-04 Chemist Irene Joliot-Curie (29) weds physicist Frédéric Joliot (26) in Paris, France

Physicist and Chemist Irene Joliot-Curie
Physicist and Chemist
Irene Joliot-Curie

LoveWedding of Interest

1928-07-19 Physicist Enrico Fermi (26) weds writer Laura Capon in Rome, Italy

Father of the Atomic Bomb Enrico Fermi
Father of the Atomic Bomb
Enrico Fermi

LoveWedding of Interest

1936-02-02 Physicist Emilio G. Segrè (31) weds jewish woman Elfriede Spiro at the Great Synagogue of Rome in Italy

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Emilio G. Segrè
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Emilio G. Segrè

LoveWedding of Interest

1938-07-18 Physicist and Nobel laureate John Bardeen (30) weds Jane Maxwell

Physicist and Electrical Engineer John Bardeen
Physicist and Electrical Engineer
John Bardeen

LoveWedding of Interest

1942-05-09 Physicist Robert Hofstadter (27) weds Nancy Givan

LoveWedding of Interest

1955-11-23 Physicist William Shockley (45) weds psychiatric nurse Emmy Lanning

Physicist William Shockley
Physicist
William Shockley

LoveWedding of Interest

1982-07-24 Physicist and astronaut Sally Ride (31) weds astronaut Steven Hawley (30) in Salina, Kansas

1st American Woman in Space Sally Ride
1st American Woman in Space
Sally Ride

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 417

  • 1603-11-30 William Gilbert, English physician and physicist (researcher into magnetism), dies probably of the plague at 59
  • 1617-03-20 Franciscus Aguilon, physicist/theologist/mathematician, dies at 50
  • 1633-11-07 Cornelis Drebbel, physicist/chemist/inventor (builder of the first submarine), dies
  • 1639-10-07 John I Pontanus, physicist/historian (Amsterdam), dies at 68

Person of interestGalileo Galilei

1642-01-08 Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer, physicist and engineer who has been called the father of science, dies at 77

Astronomer and Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer and Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • 1647-10-25 Evangelista Torricelli, Italian physicist (inventor of barometer), dies at 39
  • 1650-07-18 Christoph Scheiner, German astronomer and physicist, dies at 74
  • 1656-04-24 Thomas Fincke, Danish mathematician and physicist (b. 1561)

Person of interestBlaise Pascal

1662-08-19 Blaise Pascal, French mathematician, physicist and Christian philosopher (Pascal's Law, Pascal's Wager), dies of a stomach tumor at 39

Mathematician, Physicist and Philosopher Blaise Pascal
Mathematician, Physicist and Philosopher
Blaise Pascal
  • 1663-12-28 Francesco Maria Grimaldi, Italian mathematician and physicist (light defraction), dies at 45
  • 1679-12-31 Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, Italian physiologist and physicist (b. 1608)
  • 1684-05-12 Edme Mariotte, French physicist and priest
  • 1698-11-04 Rasmus Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician and physicist, dies at 73
  • 1705-10-11 Guillaume Amontons, French physicist, dies at 42
  • 1716-07-09 Joseph Sauveur, French mathematician, physicist and sound engineer who coined the name acoustics for the study of sound from the ancient Greek word ακουστός, meaning "able to be heard", dies at 63
  • 1721-03-12 Jan Luyts, Dutch physicist and mathematician, dies at 65

Person of interestIsaac Newton

1727-03-31 Isaac Newton, English physicist and astronomer (Principia), dies in London at 84

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton

Person of interestDaniel Gabriel Fahrenheit

1736-09-16 Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, Dutch-German-Polish physicist, inventor and scientific instrument maker, who invented the thermometer and the Fahrenheit scale, dies at 50

Inventor and Physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
Inventor and Physicist
Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
  • 1742-02-28 Willem 's-Gravesande, Dutch mathematician and physicist, dies at 53
  • 1749-09-10 Émilie du Châtelet, French mathematician and physicist (b. 1706)
  • 1753-08-06 Georg Wilhelm Richmann, Russian physicist (struck by lightning) (b. 1711)
  • 1768-11-04 Johan Lulofs, Dutch physicist, philosopher and astronomer, dies at 57
  • 1770-04-25 Jean-Antoine Nollet, French clergyman and physicist (discovery of osmosis), dies at 69
  • 1772-03-22 John Canton, English physicist, dies at 53
  • 1777-10-05 Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician, dies at 72
  • 1778-02-20 Laura Bassi, Italian physicist and scholar, dies at 66
  • 1781-05-27 Giovanni Battista Beccaria, Italian physicist, dies at 64
  • 1782-03-17 Daniel Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician and physicist (10 time French award), dies at 82
  • 1787-02-12 Ruggiero Boscovich, Italian physicist, astronomer and philosopher, dies at 75
  • 1795-05-20 Ignác Martinovics, Hungarian physicist/revolutionary, beheaded
  • 1796-04-18 Johan Wilcke, Swedish physicist, dies at 63
  • 1798-12-04 Luigi Galvani, Italian anatomist and physicist, dies at 61
  • 1799-01-22 Horace B de Saussure, Swiss physicist/geologist/alpinist, dies at 58
  • 1799-02-19 Jean-Charles de Borda, French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, and sailor, dies at 65
  • 1799-02-24 Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, German physicist and writer (types of Lichtenberg), dies at 56
  • 1799-12-06 Joseph Black, Scottish chemist and physicist known for his discoveries of magnesium, latent heat and carbon dioxide, dies at 71
  • 1802-08-10 Franz Aepinus, German physician and physicist, dies at 77
  • 1806-08-23 Charles Augustin de Coulomb, Fren physicist (coulometrie), dies at 70
  • 1810-02-24 Henry Cavendish, British physicist and chemist (discovery of hydrogen), dies at 78
  • 1812-02-24 Étienne-Louis Malus, French physicist (Polarization of light), dies at 36
  • 1814-08-21 Benjamin Thompson, American physicist and inventor (Royal Institution of Great Britain), dies at 61
  • 1821-04-20 Franz Karl Achard, German physicist and chemist, dies at 67
  • 1822-11-19 Johann Georg Tralles, German mathematician and physicist (b. 1763)
  • 1826-06-07 Joseph von Fraunhofer, German physicist (b. 1787)

Person of interestAlessandro Volta

1827-03-05 Alessandro Volta, Italian physicist and inventor of the 1st battery, dies at 82

Physicist and Inventor Alessandro Volta
Physicist and Inventor
Alessandro Volta
  • 1827-03-05 Pierre-Simon, marquis de Laplace, French mathematician, astronomer and physicist (stability of the solar system), dies at 77
  • 1827-04-03 Ernst Chladni, German physicist and musician (Estimating the speed of sound Chladni's law), dies at 70
  • 1827-07-14 Augustin-Jean Fresnel, French physicist (b. 1788)
  • 1828-12-22 William Hyde Wollaston, English chemist and physicist (famous for discovering the chemical elements palladium and rhodium), dies at 62
  • 1829-05-10 Thomas Young, British physician and physicist (light interference), dies at 55
  • 1831-12-10 Thomas Johann Seebeck, German physicist (Seebeck effect), dies at 61
  • 1834-01-17 Giovanni Aldini, Italian physicist, dies at 71
  • 1835-06-08 Gian Domenico Romagnosi, Italian physicist (b. 1761)
  • 1836-06-10 André-Marie Ampère, French physicist (b. 1775)
  • 1836-08-21 Claude-Louis Navier, French engineer and physicist who specialized in mechanics (Navier–Stokes equations), dies at 51
  • 1837-12-26 Martinus van Marum, chemist/physicist (giant salamander), dies at 87
  • 1840-04-25 Siméon-Denis Poisson, French mathematician (Poisson distribution) and physicist, dies at 58
  • 1841-03-16 Félix Savart, French surgeon and physicist (Law of Biot & Savart), dies at 49

Person of interestJohn Dalton

1844-07-27 John Dalton, English physicist and chemist who developed the atomic theory of matter and researched colour blindness, dies at 77

Chemist, Physicist and Meteorologist John Dalton
Chemist, Physicist and Meteorologist
John Dalton
  • 1845-10-27 Jean Charles Athanase Peltier, French Physicist (Peltier effect 1834), dies at 60
  • 1850-05-09 Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, French physicist & chemist, dies at 71

Person of interestHans Christian Ørsted

1851-03-09 Hans Christian Oersted, Danish physicist, dies at 73

Physicist, Chemist Hans Christian Ørsted
Physicist, Chemist
Hans Christian Ørsted
  • 1853-10-02 François Arago, French astronomer, physicist (chromosome) and politician, dies at 67
  • 1854-07-06 Georg Ohm, German physicist and mathematician (Ohm's law), dies at 65
  • 1854-08-11 Macedonio Melloni, Italian physicist (radiant light), dies at 56
  • 1856-05-06 William Hamilton, metaphysicist, dies
  • 1857-05-23 Augustin Louis Cauchy, French mathematician and physicist, dies at 67
  • 1859-07-05 Charles Cagniard de la Tour, French physicist (b. 1777)
  • 1862-01-01 Mikhail Ostrogradsky, Russian physicist & mathematician, dies at 60
  • 1862-02-03 Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist (Biot-Savart law), dies at 87
  • 1862-08-30 Charles Bernard Desormes, French Physicist and Chemist (carbon monoxide and carbon disulphide compositions), dies at 91
  • 1863-04-10 Giovanni B Amia, Italian astronomer/physicist/botanist, dies at 77
  • 1864-01-28 Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (b. 1799)
  • 1865-02-10 Heinrich Lenz, German physicist (b. 1804)
  • 1868-02-10 David Brewster, Scottish physicist and inventor (kaleidoscope), dies at 86
  • 1868-02-11 Leon Foucault, French physicist whose pendulum proved that the Earth rotates, dies at 48
  • 1868-05-22 Julius Plucker, German mathematician/physicist (formula of P), dies
  • 1868-06-25 Carlo Matteucci, Italian physicist and neurophysiologist (bioelectricity), dies at 57
  • 1870-04-04 Heinrich Gustav Magnus, German chemist and physicist (b. 1802)
  • 1872-10-21 Jacques Babinet, French physicist/mathematician/astronomer, dies at 78
  • 1872-12-24 William John Macquorn Rankine, Scottish mechanical engineer and physicist, dies at 52
  • 1873-03-29 Francesco Zantedeschi, Italian physicist (b. 1797)
  • 1874-01-14 Johann Philipp Reis, German Physicist and Inventor, dies of lung disease at 40
  • 1874-06-21 Anders Jonas Ångström, Swedish physicist (Spectroscopy), dies at 59
  • 1875-08-31 Oskar Peschel, German geographer (Physicist Erdkunde), dies at 49
  • 1877-01-24 Johann Christian Poggendorff, German physicist (b. 1796)
  • 1877-09-26 Hermann Grassmann, German linguist and mathematician, dies at 68
  • 1878-01-18 Antoine César Becquerel, French physicist who pioneered the study of electric and luminescent phenomena, dies at 89
  • 1878-01-19 Henri V. Regnault, French physicist and chemist, dies at 67
  • 1878-03-20 Julius Robert von Mayer, German physician and physicist (first law of thermodynamics), dies at 63
  • 1879-04-04 Heinrich Wilhelm Dove, Prussian physicist and meteorologist, dies at 75

Person of interestJames Clerk Maxwell

1879-11-05 James Clerk Maxwell, Scottish physicist (speed of light), dies of abdominal cancer at 48

  • 1882-02-28 John Romney Robinson, Irish astronomer and physicist, dies at 89
  • 1883-09-15 Joseph Plateau, Belgian physicist (Plateau's Law), dies at 81
  • 1883-11-18 Wilhelm Siemens, German/British physicist (steam engine), dies
  • 1885-11-26 Thomas Andrews, Irish chemist and physicist (ozone), dies at 71
  • 1887-10-17 Gustav Kirchhoff, German physicist (spectroscopy, coined "black body" radiation), dies at 63
  • 1887-11-18 Gustav Fechner, German psychologist and physicist (Weber–Fechner law), dies at 86
  • 1888-04-16 Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist and chemist, dies at 42

Famous Physicists