Today in Linguistic History

Historical Events

  • 1906-09-30 Real Academia Galega, Galician language biggest linguistic authority starts working in Havana.
  • 2003-03-02 The first International Symposium on Taiwan Sign Language Linguistics is held at Chung Cheng University.

Famous Birthdays

  • 1575-08-15 Bartol Kašić, Croatian writer and linguist, born in Pag, Croatia (d. 1650)
  • 1588-04-15 Claudius Salmasius [Claude Saumaise], French linguist, born in Semur-en-Auxois, France (d. 1653)
  • 1642-06-20 George Hickes, English linguist (Old German Philology), born in Newsham, Thirsk, Yorkshire (d. 1715)
  • 1644-07-12 Arnold Moonen, Dutch vicar and linguist (David's holy saint graduals), born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1711)
  • 1732-08-08 Johann C Adelung, German linguist/librarian
  • 1753-08-17 Josef Dobrovský, Czech linguist (d. 1828)
  • 1759-10-13 Ecco Epkema, Dutch classic linguist (Frisian, old-Frisian), born in Wirdum, Netherlands (d. 1832)
  • 1764-01-01 John Kinker, Dutch linguist/philosopher/poet (Minderjarige Zangster)
  • 1764-02-15 Jens I Baggesen, Danish writer/linguist (Danske V'rker)
  • 1774-06-23 Matthijs Siegenbeek, Dutch linguist (spelling)
  • 1774-09-17 Giuseppe Caspar Mezzofanti, Italian cardinal, linguist and hyperpolyglot (understood 70 languages), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1849)
  • 1780-08-21 Jernej Kopitar, Slovene philologist and linguist (Slovenian Grammar), born in Repnje, Slovenia (d. 1844)
  • 1787-11-22 Rasmus Rask, Danish linguist and philologist (Investigation of the Origin of the Old Norse or Icelandic Language), born in Braendekilde, Denmark (d. 1832)
  • 1805-10-23 John Russell Bartlett, American linguist (d. 1886)
  • 1809-04-15 Hermann Grassmann, German linguist and mathematician, born in Stettin, Province of Pomerania, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1877)
  • 1813-01-04 Louis L Bonaparte, English/French linguist/senator
  • 1813-08-05 Ivar A Aasen, Norwegian linguistic/poet
  • 1813-11-29 Franz von Miklosich, Slovenian linguist (d. 1891)
  • 1815-03-13 James Curtis Hepburn, American missionary and linguist, born in Milton, Pennsylvania (d. 1911)
  • 1820-04-16 Georg Curtius, German classical linguist, born in Lübeck, Germany (d. 1885)
  • 1820-11-09 Matthias de Vries, Dutch linguist (spelling), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1892)
  • 1827-03-08 Wilhelm Bleek, German linguist (Father of Bantu Philology), born in Berlin (d. 1875)
  • 1828-04-27 Gerben Colmjon, Frisian linguist and publisher, born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1884)
  • 1829-01-03 Konrad Duden, German linguist (Der grosse Duden)
  • 1830-07-17 Eelco Refer, linguist (Dictionary for the Dutch translator)
  • 1833-04-06 Johan H C Kern, Dutch linguist (Sanskrit, Old Javan)
  • 1838-02-16 Arnoldus Pannevis, South African ship's doctor/linguist
  • 1841-07-04 Edward Gailliard, Flemish linguist and archaeologist, born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1922)
  • 1843-07-29 Johannes Schmidt, German linguist (d. 1901)
  • 1852-02-16 William Scarborough, Macon Ga, linguist/author (Birds of Aristophanes)
  • 1857-01-02 Martha Carey Thomas, American educator, suffragist, linguist and second President of Bryn Mawr College, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1935)
  • 1857-11-26 Ferdinand de Saussure, Swiss linguist (Mémoire sur le système primitif des voyelles dans les langues indo-européennes), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1913)
  • 1858-07-09 Franz Boas, German-American anthropologist and linguist (Mind of Primitive Man), born in Minden, Westphalia, Prussia (d. 1942)
  • 1859-12-15 L. L. Zamenhof, Polish physician and linguist (Esperanto), born in Białystok, Poland, Russian Empire (d. 1917)
  • 1860-07-16 Otto Jespersen, Danish linguist, born in Randers, Denmark (d. 1943)
  • 1863-03-11 Wobbe de Vries, Dutch linguist
  • 1863-05-05 Frederik August Stoett, Dutch linguist (Dutch Proverbs), born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1936)
  • 1863-09-06 Rodolfo Lenz, German-Chilian linguist (El Papiamento), born in Halle, Saxony (d. 1938)
  • 1865-02-04 Charles Bally, Swiss linguist (Le langage et la vie)
  • 1865-09-15 Nicolaus Adriani, Dutch linguist (Middle-Celebes languages), born in Oud-Loosdrecht, North Holland, Netherlands (d. 1926)
  • 1865-10-18 Arie de Jong, Dutch linguist (d. 1957)
  • 1865-12-19 Hermann Hirt, Magdeburg Prussia, linguist (Indo-European Grammar)
  • 1868-02-16 Wilhelm Schmidt, German anthropologist/linguist (Anthropos)
  • 1869-01-18 Willem De Vreese, Flemish linguist/biblographer
  • 1869-12-19 Eduard Hermann, Coburg Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, German linguist (Homer)
  • 1873-10-22 Gustaf John Ramstedt, Finland-Swedish linguist and diplomat, born in Ekenäs, Finland (d. 1950)
  • 1873-11-22 Matteo Giulio Bartoli, Italian linguist, born in Labin, Croatia (d. 1946)
  • 1876-08-15 Aleksandar Belic, Serbian linguist, born in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 1960)
  • 1879-05-06 Bedřich Hrozný, Czech orientalist and linguist (development of Hittitology), born in Lysá nad Labem, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1952)
  • 1879-07-03 Alfred Korzybski, Polish-American scientist and philosopher, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1950)
  • 1881-06-01 Charles Kay Ogden, English writer and linguist (d. 1957)
  • 1882-01-12 Jakob Jud, Swiss linguist/etymologist
  • 1884-01-26 Edward Sapir, German linguist/antropologist (indians)
  • 1887-02-24 Mary Ellen Chase, US linguistic/author (White Gate)
  • 1887-04-01 Leonard Bloomfield, US linguist
  • 1890-02-11 Jan de Vries, Dutch scholar of Germanic linguistics and Germanic mythology, born in Amsterdam (d. 1964)
  • 1891-08-02 Viktor Maksimovich Zhirmunsky, Russian literary historian and linguist, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1971)
  • 1892-05-16 Coenraad B van Haeringen, linguist/etymologist (Dutch Dictionary)
  • 1894-04-20 Martinus Nijhoff, Dutch poet and linguistic (spelling), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1953)
  • 1896-10-11 Roman Jakobson, Russian-American linguist and Slavic scholar (Fundamentals of Language), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1982)
  • 1897-04-24 Benjamin Lee Whorf, American linguist (the relation of language to thinking and cognition), born in Winthrop, Massachusetts (d. 1941)
  • 1898-03-14 Arnold Chikobava, Georgian linguist (d. 1985)
  • 1899-02-25 Leo J Weisgerber, German linguist
  • 1903-04-09 Willem Pee, Belgian linguist, born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1986)
  • 1905-08-20 Jean Gebser, German-born author, linguist, and poet, born in Poznań, Poland (d. 1973)
  • 1906-10-30 Alexander Gode, German-American linguist, born in Bremen, Imperial Germany (d. 1970)
  • 1908-02-11 Sutan Takdir Alishahbana, Indonesian linguistic/author/novelist
  • 1908-06-30 Charles Camproux, French linguistic and author (Bestiari), born in Marseilles, France (d. 1994)
  • 1909-06-01 Hans Vogt, Norwegian linguist (d. 1986)
  • 1909-10-23 Zellig S. Harris, Russian-American linguist, born in Balta, Russia (d. 1992)
  • 1912-09-23 Ghulam Mustafa Khan, Pakistani researcher, critic and linguist (d. 2005)
  • 1913-07-25 John Cairncross, British civil servant and spy (5th man - Cambridge Five), born in Lesmahagow, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1995)
  • 1913-09-07 Oswald Szemerényi, Hungarian linguist, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1914-06-03 Eugene Fuller, polymath/linguist
  • 1915-05-28 Joseph Greenberg, American linguist (d. 2001)
  • 1917-12-15 Shan-ul-Haq Haqqee, Pakistani Urdu linguist and writer, born in Delhi, British India (d. 2005)
  • 1919-09-19 Harry Shorto, British philologist and linguist (A Dictionary of the Mon Inscriptions) (d. 1995)
  • 1923-09-17 John Rigby Hale, British linguist and historian, born in Ashford, Kent (d. 1999)
  • 1926-01-26 Farman Fatehpuri [Syed Dildar Ali], Urdu scholar, linguist, critic and author, born in Fatehpur, Uttar Pradesh, British India (d. 2013)

Person of interestNoam Chomsky

1928-12-07 Noam Chomsky, American linguist (founded transformational grammar), philospher and political activist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Linguist and Author Noam Chomsky
Linguist and Author
Noam Chomsky
  • 1929-05-04 Sydney M. Lamb, American linguist (Stratificational grammar), born in Denver, Colorado
  • 1929-06-12 Jameel Jalibi, Pakistani scholar, writer, and Urdu linguist, born in Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, British India
  • 1935-04-22 Christopher Ball, British linguist and Warden of Keble College, Oxford (1980-88)
  • 1937-12-03 Binod Bihari Verma, Indian linguist
  • 1944-06-26 Ruth Kempson, British linguist (SOAS)
  • 1947-05-23 Bernard Comrie, English linguist
  • 1950-02-24 G J M Gazdar, computational linguist
  • 1967-02-11 Scott Shay, American linguist, born in Lebanon, Pennsylvania

Famous Weddings

  • 1940-01-02 Archibald Campbell Mzoliza Jordan, Xhosa writer, linguist and academic and outspoken critic of the South African National Party government's Bantu Education policy, marries Priscilla Phyllis Ntantla.

LoveWedding of Interest

1949-12-24 Linguist Noam Chomsky (21) weds Carol Doris Schatz (19)

Linguist and Author Noam Chomsky
Linguist and Author
Noam Chomsky

Famous Deaths

  • 0394-09-06 Eugenius, linguistic/anti emperor of Rome (392-94), dies in battle
  • 0440-02-17 St. Mesrop Mashtots, Armenian monk, theologian and linguist known for inventing the Armenian alphabet in c. 405 AD, dies b. 361/362)
  • 0869-02-14 Saint Cyril, Greek monk, scholar, theologian and linguist (b. 827) Called "apostle of Slavs"
  • 1653-09-03 Claudius Salmasius [Claude Saumaise], French linguist, dies at 65
  • 1676-10-25 Justus G Schottel [Schottelius], German linguistic/poet, dies at 64
  • 1707-06-24 Kaspar von Stieler, German poet (Teutsche Wolredner), dies at 74
  • 1711-12-17 Arnold Moonen, Dutch vicar and linguist (Defeated German Spraekkunst), dies at 67
  • 1715-12-15 George Hickes, English linguist (Old German Philology), dies at 73
  • 1826-10-03 Jens I Baggesen, Danish writer/linguist (Labyrinth), dies
  • 1832-02-01 Ecco Epkema, Dutch classic linguist (Frisian, Old Frisian), dies at 71
  • 1832-11-14 Rasmus Rask, Danish linguist and philologist (Investigation of the Origin of the Old Norse or Icelandic Language), dies of tuberculosis at 44
  • 1844-08-11 Jernej Kopitar, Slovene philologist and linguist (Slavic Grammatica), dies at 63
  • 1849-03-15 Giuseppe Caspar Mezzofanti, Italian cardinal, linguist and hyperpolyglot (understood 70 languages), dies at 74
  • 1868-12-06 August Schleicher, German linguist (b. 1821)
  • 1875-08-17 Wilhelm Bleek, German linguist (Father of Bantu Philology), dies at 48
  • 1877-09-26 Hermann Grassmann, German linguist and mathematician, dies at 68
  • 1884-08-14 Arnoldus Pannevis, South African shipping agent/linguist, dies at 46
  • 1884-12-28 Gerben Colmjon, Frisian linguist and publisher, dies at 56
  • 1885-08-12 Georg Curtius, German classical linguist, dies at 65
  • 1892-08-09 Matthias de Vries, Dutch linguist (spelling), dies at 71
  • 1894-08-16 Herman van der Tuuk, Dutch linguist (Toba Batak grammar), dies at 70
  • 1896-09-23 Ivar A Aasen, Norwegian linguistic/poet, dies at 83
  • 1907-07-06 August Johann Gottfried Bielenstein, German Linguist, Theologian (b. 1826)
  • 1911-06-11 James Curtis Hepburn, American missionary and linguist, dies at 96
  • 1911-08-01 Konrad Duden, German linguist (Das, grosse Duden Lexicon), dies
  • 1913-02-22 Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure, Swiss linguist, dies at 55
  • 1913-02-22 Ferdinand de Saussure, Swiss linguist (Mémoire sur le système primitif des voyelles dans les langues indo-européennes), dies at 55
  • 1917-04-14 L. L. Zamenhof, Polish physician and linguist (Esperanto), dies at 57
  • 1917-07-04 Johan H C Kern, Dutch linguist (Sanskreet), dies at 84
  • 1922-07-29 Edward Gailliard, Flemish linguist and archaeologist, dies at 81
  • 1935-12-02 Martha Carey Thomas, American educator, suffragist, linguist and second President of Bryn Mawr College, dies of a coronary occlusion at 78
  • 1936-04-27 Frederik August Stoett, Dutch linguist (Dutch Proverbs), dies at 72
  • 1936-09-12 Hermann Hirt, German linguist (Indo-European Grammar), dies at 70
  • 1938-01-10 Willem de Vreese, Flemish linguist, dies at 68
  • 1939-02-04 Edward Sapir, US linguist/cultural antropologist (indian), dies at 55
  • 1941-07-26 Benjamin Lee Whorf, American linguist (the relation of language to thinking and cognition), dies at 44
  • 1942-02-06 Wobbe de Vries, Dutch linguist, dies at 78
  • 1942-12-22 Franz Boas, German-American anthropologist and linguist (Mind of Primitive Man), dies 84
  • 1943-04-30 Otto Jespersen, Danish linguist, dies at 82
  • 1946-01-23 Matteo Giulio Bartoli, linguist, dies at 72
  • 1949-04-18 Leonard Bloomfield, American linguist, dies at 62
  • 1950-02-14 Eduard Hermann, German linguist (Homer), dies at 80
  • 1950-11-25 Gustaf John Ramstedt, Finland-Swedish linguist and diplomat, dies at 77
  • 1952-05-26 Damaso Alonso, Spanish linguistic/poet (Hombrey Dios), dies at 55
  • 1952-06-15 Jakob Jud, Swiss linguist/etymologist, dies at 70
  • 1952-12-12 Bedřich Hrozný, Czech orientalist and linguist (development of Hittitology), dies at 73
  • 1953-01-26 Martinus Nijhoff, Dutch poet and linguistic (spelling), dies at 58
  • 1955-03-29 Everard Verachtert, Flemish linguist (I Can Speak Nicely), dies at 81
  • 1960-02-26 Aleksandar Belic, Serbian linguist, dies at 83
  • 1964-07-23 Jan de Vries, Dutch scholar of Germanic linguistics and Germanic mythology, dies at 74
  • 1971-01-31 Viktor Maksimovich Zhirmunsky, Russian literary historian and linguist, dies at 79
  • 1973-05-14 Jean Gebser, German-born author, linguist, and poet, dies at 67
  • 1982-07-18 Roman Jakobson, Russian-American linguist and Slavic scholar (Fundamentals of Language), dies at 85
  • 1985-11-05 Arnold Chikobava, Georgian linguist (b. 1898)
  • 1986-05-20 Willem Pee, Belgian linguist, dies at 83
  • 1986-09-25 Hans Vogt, Norwegian linguist (b. 1909)
  • 1989-03-11 Johan Fleerackers, Flemish linguist, dies at 57
  • 1992-05-22 Zellig S. Harris, Russian-American linguist, dies at 82
  • 1994-07-19 Nathan Susskind, Slovak/US linguist (Yiddish), dies at 87
  • 1995-01-19 Eugene Fuller, polymath/linguist, dies at 80
  • 1995-07-30 Harry Shorto, British philologist and linguist (A Dictionary of the Mon Inscriptions), dies at 75
  • 1995-10-08 John Cairncross, British civil servant and spy (5th man - Cambridge Five), dies at 82
  • 1996-12-29 Oswald Szemerényi, Hungarian linguist, dies at 83
  • 1999-03-31 Yuri Knorozov, Russian linguist (b. 1922)
  • 1999-08-12 John Rigby Hale, British linguist and historian, dies at 75
  • 2005-01-08 Michel Thomas, Polish linguist (b. 1914)
  • 2005-09-25 Ghulam Mustafa Khan, Pakistani critic and linguist (b. 1912)
  • 2005-10-11 Shan-ul-Haq Haqqee, Pakistani Urdu linguist and writer, dies at 88
  • 2008-12-19 Carol Chomsky, American linguist and education specialist (b. 1930)
  • 2009-07-11 Ji Xianlin, Chinese linguist and paleographer (b.1911)
  • 2010-01-13 Kalifa Tillisi, Libyan writer and linguist
  • 2013-08-03 Farman Fatehpuri [Syed Dildar Ali], Urdu scholar, linguist, critic and author, dies of natural causes at 87
  • 2018-05-06 Herbert E. Brekle, German typographer and linguist, dies at 82