Philologists in History

Famous Birthdays

  • 1530-09-30 Geronimo Mercuriali, Italian philologist and physician (d. 1606)
  • 1547-09-22 Philipp Nikodemus Frischlin, German philologist and poet (d. 1590)
  • 1547-10-18 Justus Lipsius, [Joost Lips], Dutch classic philologist/historian
  • 1610-12-18 Charles Du Fresne Du Cange, French scholar/philologist
  • 1620-03-12 Johann Heinrich Hottinger, Swiss philologist and theologian (d. 1667)
  • 1620-07-29 Nicolaas Heinsius, Dutch philologist/diplomat
  • 1698-03-06 John Alberti, Dutch theologist/philologist
  • 1721-12-06 James Elphinston, Scottish philologist, born in Edinburgh (d. 1809)
  • 1758-11-16 Peter Andreas Heiberg, Danish author and philologist, born in Vordingborg, Denmark (d. 1841)
  • 1780-08-21 Jernej Kopitar, Slovene philologist and linguist (Slovenian Grammar), born in Repnje, Slovenia (d. 1844)

Person of interestJacob Grimm

1785-01-04 Jacob Grimm, German philologist, folklorist and editor of "Grimm's Fairy Tales", born in Hanau, Hesse-Cassel, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1863)

Author Jacob Grimm
Author
Jacob Grimm
  • 1787-11-22 Rasmus Rask, Danish linguist and philologist (Investigation of the Origin of the Old Norse or Icelandic Language), born in Braendekilde, Denmark (d. 1832)
  • 1793-03-04 Karl Lachmann, German philologist (d. 1851)
  • 1793-03-11 Jan F Willems, Flemish writer/philologist
  • 1801-05-31 Johann Georg Baiter, Swiss philologist, born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1887)
  • 1802-11-14 August F Pott, German philologist (Etymology Forschungen)
  • 1807-09-09 Richard Chenevix Trench, Irish Anglican clergyman and philologist, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1886)
  • 1824-02-23 Herman N van der Tuuk, Dutch philologist (Tobasch' Grammar)
  • 1835-02-20 Allessandro d'Ancona, Italian philologist
  • 1837-02-07 James Murray, Scottish lexicographer and philologist (Oxford English Dictionary), born in Denholm, Scotland (d. 1915)

Person of interestFriedrich Nietzsche

1844-10-15 Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher and philologist (Beyond Good and Evil), born in Röcken, Saxony, Prussia (d. 1900)

Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche
Philosopher
Friedrich Nietzsche
  • 1845-01-22 Jacob Verdam, Dutch philologist
  • 1882-02-25 Jozef Goossenaerts, Flemish philologist (Language boundary)
  • 1882-10-19 Vincas Kreve-Mickievicius, Lithuania, poet/philologist/playwright
  • 1887-01-17 Ola Raknes, Norwegian psychoanalyst and philologist (d. 1975)
  • 1891-10-14 Paul de Keyser, Flemish philologist and folklorist, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1966)
  • 1898-03-04 Georges Dumézil, French philologist (d. 1940)
  • 1899-12-16 Harold Walter Bailey, philologist
  • 1919-09-19 Harry Shorto, British philologist and linguist (A Dictionary of the Mon Inscriptions) (d. 1995)
  • 1926-09-26 Manfred Mayrhofer, Austrian Indo-European philologist (Indo-Iranian languages), born in Linz, Austria (d. 2011)
  • 1937-06-21 Anna Davies, Italian philologist and Professor of Comparative Philology (Oxford U), born in Milan (d. 2014)

Famous Deaths

  • 1590-11-29 Philipp Nikodemus Frischlin, German philologist and poet (b. 1547)
  • 1606-03-23 Justus Lipsius [Joost Lips], Dutch classic philologist, dies at 58
  • 1606-11-13 Geronimo Mercuriali, Italian philologist and physician (b. 1530)
  • 1688-10-23 Charles du Fresne, sieur du Cange, French philologist (b. 1610)
  • 1732-03-20 Johann Ernst Hanxleden, German philologist (b. 1681)
  • 1750-01-26 Albert Schultens, Dutch philologist (b. 1686)
  • 1759-08-06 Eugene Aram, English philologist (b. 1704)
  • 1773-07-05 Francisco José Freire, Portuguese historian and philologist (b. 1719)
  • 1809-10-08 James Elphinston, Scottish philologist, dies at 87
  • 1832-11-14 Rasmus Rask, Danish linguist and philologist (Investigation of the Origin of the Old Norse or Icelandic Language), dies of tuberculosis at 44
  • 1841-04-30 Peter Andreas Heiberg, Danish author and philologist, dies at 82
  • 1844-08-11 Jernej Kopitar, Slovene philologist and linguist (Slavic Grammatica), dies at 63

Person of interestJacob Grimm

1863-09-20 Jacob Grimm, German philologist, folklorist and editor of "Grimm's Fairy Tales", dies at 78

Author Jacob Grimm
Author
Jacob Grimm
  • 1877-10-10 Johann Georg Baiter, Swiss philologist, dies at 76
  • 1881-05-26 Jakob Bernays, German philologist (b. 1824)

Person of interestFriedrich Nietzsche

1900-08-25 Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher and philologist (Übermensch and the doctrine of eternal return), dies at 55

Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche
Philosopher
Friedrich Nietzsche
  • 1914-11-06 Allessandro d'Ancona, Italian philologist (Dante), dies at 79
  • 1915-07-26 James Murray, Scottish lexicographer and philologist (Oxford English Dictionary), dies at 78
  • 1924-12-02 Kazimieras Būga, Lithuanian philologist (b. 1879)
  • 1938-01-03 Arthur Boon, Flemish priest/philologist, dies at 54
  • 1963-12-06 Jozef Goossenaerts, Flem philologist (Language Boundary), dies at 81
  • 1966-02-22 Paul de Keyser, Flemish philologist and folklorist, dies at 74
  • 1972-04-19 Adolf Bach, German philologist/sociologist, dies at 82
  • 1975-01-28 Ola Raknes, Norwegian psychoanalyst and philologist (b. 1887)
  • 1995-07-30 Harry Shorto, British philologist and linguist (A Dictionary of the Mon Inscriptions), dies at 75
  • 1996-01-11 Harold Walter Bailey, British philologist, dies at 96
  • 2010-12-18 Jacqueline de Romilly, French philologist and classical scholar (b. 1913)
  • 2011-10-31 Manfred Mayrhofer, Austrian Indo-European philologist (Indo-Iranian languages), dies at 85
  • 2014-09-27 "Anna Davies, Italian philologist and Professor of Comparative Philology (Oxford U), dies at 77