Philosophy in History (Part 2)

Historical Events


Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 439

  • 1763-06-21 Pierre-Paul Royer-Collard, French statesman and philosopher, born in Sompuis, France (d. 1845)
  • 1764-01-01 John Kinker, Dutch linguist/philosopher/poet (Minderjarige Zangster)
  • 1765-03-27 Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher and theologist, born in Munich (d. 1841)
  • 1766-04-15 Friedrich Bouterwek, German philosopher and critic, born in Oker, Hanover, Germany (d. 1828)
  • 1766-08-06 William Hyde Wollaston, English chemist and physicist (famous for discovering the chemical elements palladium and rhodium), born in East Dereham, Norfolk, England (d. 1828)
  • 1767-06-22 Wilhelm von Humboldt, German philosopher and statesman (d. 1835)
  • 1768-11-21 Friedrich Schleiermacher, German theologist and philosopher, born in Breslau, Prussian Silesia (d. 1834)
  • 1770-08-27 Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, German philosopher and inventor (dialectic), born in Stuttgart, Württemberg (d. 1831)
  • 1773-04-06 James Mill, Scottish philosopher and historian (History of British India), born in Angus, Scotland (d. 1836)
  • 1773-05-02 Henrik Steffens, Norwegian-German philosopher, born in Stavanger, Norway (d. 1845)
  • 1773-08-23 Jakob F. Fries, German philosopher, born in Barby, Germany (d. 1843)

Person of interestFriedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling

1775-01-27 Friedrich von Schelling, German philosopher (Views on Christianity), born in Leonberg, Württemberg, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1854)

  • 1775-04-22 Georg Hermes, German philosopher and theologist (Hermenianen), born in Dreierwalde, Münster (d. 1831)
  • 1776-05-04 Johann Friedrich Herbart, German philosopher and psychologist, born in Oldenburg, Germany (d. 1841)
  • 1780-11-22 José Cecilio del Valle, Honduran philosopher and politician, born in Choluteca, Honduras (d. 1834)
  • 1781-05-04 Karl Christian Friedrich Krause, German philosopher, born in Eisenberg, Germany (d. 1832)
  • 1781-10-05 Bernard Bolzano, Czech mathematician and philosopher, born in Prague, Bohemia (d. 1848)
  • 1783-09-08 N. F. S. Grundtvig, Danish writer and philosopher, born in Udby, Zealand, Denmark (d. 1872)
  • 1785-05-09 James Pollard Espy, American meteorologist (Philosophy of Storms), born in Pennsylvania (d. 1860)
  • 1788-02-22 Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher (Great Pessimist)
  • 1789-01-03 Carl Gustav Carus, German physiologist & painter, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1869)
  • 1792-11-28 Victor Cousin, French philosopher and educational reformer, born in Paris (d. 1867)
  • 1794-05-24 William Whewell, English polymath and philosopher (History of Inductive Science), born in Lancaster, Lancashire, England (d. 1866)
  • 1797-03-24 Antonio Rosmini-Serbati, philosopher/founder (Institute of Charity)
  • 1797-07-18 Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher, born in Jena, Saxe-Weimar (d. 1879)
  • 1798-01-19 Auguste Comte, French philosopher & writer (A General View of Positivism), born in Montpellier, France (d. 1857)
  • 1798-06-29 Giacomo Leopardi, Italian poet and philosopher (The Poems of Leopardi), born in Recanati, Italy (d. 1837)
  • 1801-04-19 Gustav Fechner, German philosopher and physicist (Weber–Fechner law), born in Żarki Wielkie, Poland (d. 1887)
  • 1801-08-28 Antoine Cournot, French philosopher and mathematician (rule of Cournot), born in Gray, France (d. 1877)
  • 1802-02-04 Mark Hopkins, American educator/philosopher (Williams College)
  • 1802-02-16 Phineas Parkhurst Quimby, American philosopher (d. 1866)
  • 1802-09-13 Arnold Ruge, German political philosopher and writer, born in Bergen auf Rügen, Germany (d. 1880)

Person of interestRalph Waldo Emerson

1803-05-25 Ralph Waldo Emerson, American essayist and philosopher (Concord Hymn), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1882)

Lecturer and Poet Ralph Waldo Emerson
Lecturer and Poet
Ralph Waldo Emerson
  • 1803-08-13 Vladimir Odoevsky, Russian philosopher & writer, born in Moscow (d. 1869)
  • 1804-07-28 Ludwig A Feuerbach, German philosopher (Man is what he eats)
  • 1805-03-16 Peter Ernst von Lasaulx, German philosopher and writer (d. 1861)
  • 1806-02-22 Józef Kremer, Polish messianistic philosopher (d. 1875)
  • 1806-04-03 Ivan Kireyevsky, Russian literary critic and philosopher, born in Moscow (d. 1856)
  • 1806-04-29 Ernst Freiherr von Feuchtersleben, Austrian physician and philosopher, born in Vienna (d. 1849)

Person of interestJohn Stuart Mill

1806-05-20 John Stuart Mill, English philosopher, political economist and utilitarian, born in London (d. 1873)

Philosopher and Political Economist John Stuart Mill
Philosopher and Political Economist
John Stuart Mill
  • 1806-10-25 Max Stirner [Johann Kaspar Schmidt], German philosopher (Der Einzige), born in Bayreuth, Bavaria (d. 1856)
  • 1807-06-30 Friedrich Theodor Vischer, German philosopher and writer (Auch einer), born in Ludwigsburg, Germany (d. 1887)
  • 1808-01-19 Lysander Spooner, American philosopher, born in Athol, Massachusetts (d. 1887)
  • 1808-07-21 Simion Bărnuţiu, Romanian philosopher and politician, born in Bocșa, Sălaj, Ottoman Empire (d. 1864)
  • 1809-01-15 Pierre Joseph Proudhon, French politician & philosopher ("father of anarchism"), born in Besançon, France (d. 1865)
  • 1813-05-05 Søren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1855)
  • 1815-01-01 Charles Renouvier, French philosopher, born in Montpellier, France (d. 1903)
  • 1816-07-14 Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (d. 1882)

Person of interestKarl Marx

1818-05-05 Karl Marx, German philosopher (Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital), born in Trier, Prussia (d. 1883)

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx

Person of interestHerbert Spencer

1820-04-27 Herbert Spencer, British philosopher (Social Statics), born in Derby, England (d. 1903)

Philosopher and Intellectual Herbert Spencer
Philosopher and Intellectual
Herbert Spencer
  • 1820-11-28 Freidrich Engels, German social philosopher (Communism), born in Barmen, Germany (d. 1895)
  • 1823-02-28 Ernest Renan, French philosopher/historian/scholar of religion
  • 1824-03-29 Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician, born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1899)
  • 1828-04-21 Hippolyte Taine, French philosopher and historian (Voyage in Italy), born in Vouziers, Ardennes, France (d. 1893)
  • 1828-07-12 N.G. [Nikolay Gavrilovich] Chernyshevsky, Russian philosopher (What Is to Be Done?), born in Saratov, Russia (d. 1889)
  • 1828-09-28 Friedrich Albert Lange, German philosopher and socialist (Neo-Kantianism), born in Wald, Solingen, Germany (d. 1875)
  • 1830-03-30 Julius F A Bahnsen, German philosopher
  • 1831-04-08 Allard Pierson, Dutch theologist, philosopher and art historian, born in Amsterdam (d. 1896)
  • 1831-07-30 Helena Blavatsky, Russian occultist, philosopher, and author (co-founded Theosophical Society), born in Yekaterinoslav, Ukraine (d. 1891)
  • 1832-08-16 Wilhelm Wundt, German physiologist, psychologist and philosopher, born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1920)
  • 1833-11-19 Wilhelm Dilthey, German philosopher (Das Leben Schleiermans), born in Wiesbaden-Biebrich, German Confederation (d. 1911)
  • 1834-02-16 Ernst Haeckel, German biologist (Causes of Evolution) and philosopher (Social Darwinism), born in Potsdam, Prussia (d. 1919)
  • 1838-01-16 Franz Brentano, German philosopher & psychologist, born in Rhine Province, Germany (d. 1917)
  • 1838-02-18 Ernst Mach, Chirlitz-Turas Austria, physicist/philosopher/psychologist
  • 1838-05-31 Henry Sidgwick, English philosopher (Wife at University), born in Skipton, Yorkshire, England (d. 1900)
  • 1839-09-10 Charles Peirce, American scientist and philosopher known as "the father of pragmatism", born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1914)
  • 1840-02-25 Otto Liebmann, German philosopher (Climax of Theories)

Person of interestWilliam James

1842-01-11 William James, American psychologist & philosopher (The Principles of Psychology), born in New York (d. 1910)

Father of American psychology William James
Father of American psychology
William James
  • 1842-02-23 Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (d. 1906)
  • 1842-03-30 John Fiske [Edmund Fisk Green], American historian/philosopher
  • 1843-11-19 Richard Avenarius, German philosopher (founded the epistemological theory of knowledge known as empirical criticism), born in Paris (d. 1896)
  • 1844-08-29 Edward Carpenter, English poet and philosopher (Civilisation, Its Cause and Cure), born in Hove, Sussex, England (d. 1929)

Person of interestFriedrich Nietzsche

1844-10-15 Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher and philologist (Beyond Good and Evil), born in Röcken, Saxony, Prussia (d. 1900)

Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche
Philosopher
Friedrich Nietzsche
  • 1845-01-07 Paul Deussen, German philosopher (Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft), born in Oberdreis, Germany (d. 1919)
  • 1845-08-10 Abai Qunanbaiuli, Kazakh poet, composer and philosopher (d. 1904)
  • 1846-01-05 Rudolf Christoph Eucken, German idealist philosopher (Nobel 1908), born in Aurich, Germany (d. 1926)
  • 1846-01-30 Francis H. Bradley, British idealist philosopher (Appearance and Reality), born in Clapham, Surrey, England (d. 1924)
  • 1847-02-25 John Watson, Canadian philosopher (Objective Idealism)
  • 1847-10-01 Annie Besant, English social reformer and supporter of Indian independence, born in London (d. 1933)
  • 1847-11-02 Georges Sorel, French philosopher and theorist of Sorelianism, born in Cherbourg, France (d. 1922)
  • 1848-06-24 Brooks Adams, American philosopher (Theory of Social Revolutions), born in Quincy, Massachusetts (d. 1927)
  • 1849-11-22 Fritz Mauthner, Austro-Hungarian novelist & critic, born in Hořice, Czech Republic (d. 1923)
  • 1850-02-28 Hermann Schell, German theologist/philosopher (Gott und Geist)

Person of interestTomáš Garrigue Masaryk

1850-03-07 Tomáš Masaryk, Czech philosopher and 1st President of Czechoslovakia (1918-35), born in Hodonín, Austrian Empire (d. 1937)

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • 1851-11-21 Désiré-Joseph Mercier, Belgian philosopher and cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, born in Braine-l'Alleud, Belgium (d. 1926)
  • 1852-09-25 Hans Vaihinger, German philosopher (Nietzsche Philosophy), born in Nehren, Germany (d. 1933)
  • 1853-01-16 Vladimir Sergeyevich Solovyov, Russian philosopher, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1900)
  • 1854-04-29 Henri Poincaré, French mathematician (Poincaré conjecture), born in Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France (d. 1912)
  • 1854-06-09 Gerardus J P J Bolland, Dutch philosopher (Bolland Society)
  • 1855-07-26 Ferdinand Tönnies, German sociologist and philosopher, born in Oldenswort, Germany (d. 1936)
  • 1855-09-09 Houston Stewart Chamberlain, British-German philosopher (wrote works about political philosophy and natural science), born in Southsea, Hampshire, England (d. 1927)
  • 1855-11-20 Josiah Royce, American philosopher (Conception of Immortality), born in Grass Valley, California (d. 1916)
  • 1857-04-19 Lucien Lévy-Bruhl, French scholar and philosopher, born in Paris (d. 1939)
  • 1858-03-01 Georg Simmel, German philosopher/sociologist
  • 1858-08-01 Paul Barth, German philosopher and sociologist, born in Oleśnica, Poland (d. 1922)
  • 1859-01-06 Samuel Alexander, English philosopher (Moral Order & Progress), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1938)
  • 1859-04-08 Edmund Husserl, German philosopher (founded School of Phenomenology), born in Proßnitz, Margraviate of Moravia, Austrian Empire (d. 1938)
  • 1859-10-18 Henri Bergson, French philosopher (Creative Evolution-Nobel 1927)

Person of interestJohn Dewey

1859-10-20 John Dewey, American philosopher, educational theorist and writer (learn by doing), born in Burlington, Vermont (d. 1952)

Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer John Dewey
Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer
John Dewey
  • 1860-12-25 Manuel Dimech, Maltese philosopher and social reformer (d. 1921)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths

Deaths 101 - 200 of 445


Person of interestVoltaire

1778-05-30 Voltaire [Francois-Marie Arouet], French writer, philosopher and playwright (Candide), dies at 83

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
Voltaire
  • 1778-07-02 Jean-Jacques Rousseau, French philosopher, eminent political theorist, and writer whose influential works inspired French Revolution leaders and Romantic academics (Confession), dies of cerebral bleeding from a stroke at 66
  • 1780-07-14 Charles Batteux, French philosopher, dies at 67
  • 1780-08-03 Etienne B de Condillac, French philosopher (sensualism), dies at 64
  • 1782-12-27 Henry Home, Lord Kames, Scottish philosopher (b. 1697)
Enlightenment Philosopher Denis Diderot
Enlightenment Philosopher
Denis Diderot
  • 1786-01-04 Mozes Mendelssohn, German Jewish enlightenment philosopher (Haksalah), dies at 56
  • 1787-02-12 Ruggiero Boscovich, Italian physicist, astronomer and philosopher, dies at 75
  • 1787-03-02 Jean Allamand, Swiss-Dutch natural philosopher, dies at 73
  • 1787-10-30 Ferdinando Galiani, Italian economist (Della Moneta), dies at 58
  • 1788-06-21 Johann Georg Hamann, German counter-enlightenment philosopher ("Reason is language"), dies at 57
  • 1790-07-07 Franciscus "Frans" Hemsterhuis, Frisian philosopher, dies at 68

Person of interestAdam Smith

1790-07-17 Adam Smith, Scottish economist (Wealth of Nations) and moral philosopher, dies at 67

Economist and Philosopher Adam Smith
Economist and Philosopher
Adam Smith
  • 1790-12-12 Mikhail Shcherbatov, Russian philosopher and writer, dies at 57
  • 1793-10-16 John Hunter, Scottish surgeon and founder of pathological anatomy in England, dies at 65

MurderMarquis de Condorcet

1794-03-28 Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet, French enlightenment philosopher (Condorcet Method) and mathematician, is murdered or commits suicide in prison at 50

Enlightenment Philosopher Marquis de Condorcet
Enlightenment Philosopher
Marquis de Condorcet
  • 1796-10-07 Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher and founder of Scottish School of Common Sense, dies at 86
  • 1797-07-09 Edmund Burke, British statesman, philosopher and author (A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful, Reflections on the Revolution in France), dies at 68
  • 1801-01-02 Johann Kaspar Lavater, Swiss writer, philosopher, founder of physiognomics, dies at 59
  • 1803-08-18 James Beattie, Scottish poet and philosopher (Essay on Truth), dies at 67
  • 1803-12-18 Johann G von Herder, German philosopher, theologist and poet, dies at 59

Person of interestJoseph Priestley

1804-02-06 Joseph Priestley, English chemist, theologian and author who discovered oxygen and carbonated water, dies at 70

Chemist, Theologian and Author Joseph Priestley
Chemist, Theologian and Author
Joseph Priestley

Person of interestImmanuel Kant

1804-02-12 Immanuel Kant, German philosopher (Zum ewigen Frieden), dies at 79

Philosopher Immanuel Kant
Philosopher
Immanuel Kant
  • 1805-05-25 William Paley, English philosopher and theologian (Natural Theology), dies at 61
  • 1807-08-15 Johann Nikolaus Tetens, German-Danish philosopher and mathematician, dies at 70
  • 1814-01-29 Johann Gottlieb Fichte, German philosopher (Wissenschaftslehre), dies at 51

Person of interestMarquis de Sade

1814-12-02 Marquis de Sade, French philosopher and writer (Justine), dies at 74. The words sadism and sadist are derived from his name.

Philosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and Writer
Marquis de Sade
  • 1816-04-28 Johann Heinrich Abicht, German philosopher, dies at 53
  • 1823-04-10 Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (elementary philosophy), dies at 65
  • 1824-08-21 John Taylor, philosopher (Jeffersonian Democracy), dies at 70
  • 1825-02-10 Paul van Hemert, Dutch theologist and philosopher (Kant), dies at 68
  • 1825-05-19 Claude Henri de Rouvroy, Comte de Saint-Simon, French political philosopher (b. 1760)
  • 1828-06-11 Dugald Stewart, Scottish philosopher and mathematician (Scottish common sense), dies at 74
  • 1828-08-09 Friedrich Bouterwek, German philosopher and critic, dies at 62
  • 1829-01-12 Friedrich von Schlegel, German cultural philosopher/poet, dies at 56
  • 1831-05-26 Georg Hermes, German philosopher and theologist (Hermenianen), dies
  • 1831-11-14 Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, German philosopher and inventor (dialectic), dies at 61

Person of interestJohann Wolfgang von Goethe

1832-03-22 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German writer and social philosopher (Faust), dies at 82

Social Philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Social Philosopher
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • 1832-06-06 Jeremy Bentham, English philosopher (b. 1748)
  • 1832-09-27 Karl Christian Friedrich Krause, German philosopher, dies at 51
  • 1834-02-12 Friedrich Schleiermacher, German theologist and philosopher, dies at 65
  • 1836-03-09 Antoine Destutt de Tracy, French Enlightenment philosopher, dies at 81
  • 1836-06-23 James Mill, Scottish philosopher and historian, dies at 63
  • 1837-06-14 Giacomo Leopardi, Italian poet and philosopher (The Poems of Leopardi), dies at 38
  • 1841-05-23 Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher and theologist, dies at 76
  • 1843-08-10 Jakob F. Fries, German philosopher, dies at 69
  • 1845-02-13 Henrik Steffens, Norwegian-German philosopher, dies at 71
  • 1845-09-04 Pierre-Paul Royer-Collard, French statesman and philosopher, dies at 82
  • 1845-09-16 John Kinker, Dutch philosopher poet, dies at 81
  • 1847-06-09 Pierre-Simon Ballanche, French philosopher/poet (Orphée), dies
  • 1848-12-18 Bernard Bolzano, Bohemian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1781)
  • 1849-09-03 Ernst Freiherr von Feuchtersleben, Austrian physician and philosopher, dies at 43
  • 1855-11-11 Søren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher, dies at 42
  • 1856-06-23 Ivan Kireyevsky, Russian literary critic and philosopher, dies at 50
  • 1856-06-26 Max Stirner [Johann Kaspar Schmidt], German philosopher (Der Einzige), dies at 49
  • 1860-01-24 James Pollard Espy, American meteorologist (Philosophy of Storms), dies at 74
  • 1860-09-21 Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher (b. 1788)
  • 1861-05-09 Peter Ernst von Lasaulx, German philologist & politician, dies at 55
  • 1864-05-28 Simion Bărnuţiu, Romanian philosopher and liberal politician, dies at 55
  • 1865-01-19 Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, French philosopher and anarchist (b. 1809)
  • 1865-10-16 Andrés Bello, Venezuelan poet, lawmaker, philosopher, and sociologist (b. 1781)
  • 1866-03-06 William Whewell, English polymath and philosopher (History of Inductive Science), dies at 71
  • 1867-01-12 Victor Cousin, French philosopher and educational reformer, dies at 74
  • 1869-03-11 Vladimir Odoevsky, Russian philosopher & writer, dies at 65
  • 1869-07-28 Carl Gustav Carus, German psychologist, philosopher and painter, dies at 80
  • 1872-09-02 N. F. S. Grundtvig, Danish writer and philosopher, dies at 88
  • 1872-09-13 Ludwig A Feuerbach, German philosopher (Man what he eats), dies at 68

Person of interestJohn Stuart Mill

1873-05-08 John Stuart Mill, English philosopher, political economist and utilitarian, dies of erysipelas at 66

Philosopher and Political Economist John Stuart Mill
Philosopher and Political Economist
John Stuart Mill
  • 1875-06-02 Józef Kremer, Polish messianistic philosopher (b. 1806)
  • 1875-11-21 Friedrich Albert Lange, German philosopher and socialist (Neo-Kantianism), dies at 67
  • 1877-03-31 Antoine Cournot, French philosopher and mathematician (rule of Cournot), dies at 75
  • 1879-08-08 Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher, dies at 83
  • 1880-12-31 Arnold Ruge, German political philosopher and writer, dies at 78
  • 1881-12-07 Julius FA Bahnsen, German philosopher (Tragic as Weltgesetz), dies at 51

Person of interestRalph Waldo Emerson

1882-04-27 Ralph Waldo Emerson, American essayist & philosopher (Concord Hymn), dies of pneumonia at 78

Lecturer and Poet Ralph Waldo Emerson
Lecturer and Poet
Ralph Waldo Emerson
  • 1882-10-13 Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (b. 1816)

Person of interestKarl Marx

1883-03-14 Karl Marx, German philosopher (Communist Manifesto), dies at 64

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • 1886-08-16 Ramakrishna, Indian mystic and yogi, dies at 50
  • 1887-05-14 Lysander Spooner, American philosopher (b. 1808)
  • 1887-09-14 Friedrich Theodor Vischer, German philosopher and writer (Auch einer), dies at 80
  • 1889-10-17 N.G. [Nikolay Gavrilovich] Chernyshevsky, Russian philosopher (What Is to Be Done?), dies at 61
  • 1891-05-08 Helena Blavatsky, Russian occultist, philosopher, and author (co-founded Theosophical Society), dies at 59
  • 1893-03-05 Hippolyte Taine, French philosopher and historian (Voyage in Italy), dies at 64
  • 1895-08-05 Freidrich Engels, German social philosopher (Communism), dies at 74
  • 1896-05-27 Allard Pierson, Dutch theologist, philosopher and art historian, dies at 65
  • 1896-08-18 Richard Avenarius, German philosopher (founded the epistemological theory of knowledge known as empirical criticism), dies at 52
  • 1899-05-01 Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician, dies at 75
  • 1900-05-18 Jean Gaspard Felix Ravaisson-Mollien, French philosopher, dies at 86

Person of interestFriedrich Nietzsche

1900-08-25 Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher and philologist (Übermensch and the doctrine of eternal return), dies at 55

Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche
Philosopher
Friedrich Nietzsche
  • 1900-08-28 Henry Sidgwick, English philosopher (Women on University), dies at 62
  • 1901-07-04 John Fiske [Edmund Fisk Green], American historian and philosopher, dies at 59
  • 1903-09-01 Charles Renouvier, French philosopher (neo criticism), dies
  • 1903-10-04 Otto Weininger, Austrian philosopher (b. 1880)

Person of interestHerbert Spencer

1903-12-08 Herbert Spencer, British philosopher (Social Statics), dies at 83

Philosopher and Intellectual Herbert Spencer
Philosopher and Intellectual
Herbert Spencer
  • 1904-10-08 Gustav Ratzenhofer, Austrian sociologist and general, dies at 62
  • 1905-01-19 Debendranath Tagore, Indian philosopher (b. 1817)
  • 1906-06-05 Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (b. 1842)

Person of interestWilliam James

1910-08-26 William James, American psychologist and philosopher (Pragmatism), dies at 68

Father of American psychology William James
Father of American psychology
William James
  • 1911-10-01 Wilhelm Dilthey, German philosopher (Das Leben Schleiermans), dies at 77

Famous Philosophers