Philosophy in History (Part 3)

Historical Events


Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 201 - 300 of 439

  • 1861-01-12 James Mark Baldwin, American philosopher & psychologist, born in Columbia, South Carolina (d. 1934)
  • 1861-02-15 Alfred North Whitehead, British mathematician and philosopher (Adventures of Ideas), born in Ramsgate, England (d. 1947)

Person of interestRabindranath Tagore

1861-05-07 Rabindranath Tagore, Indian philosopher, poet, writer (Nobel Prize for Literature 1913), born in Calcutta, British India (d. 1941)

  • 1861-06-10 Pierre Duhem, French naturalist, philosopher and historian, born in Paris (d. 1916)
  • 1862-04-02 Nicholas Murray Butler, American philosopher, diplomat (Nobel Peace Prize 1931), educator (Columbia University President), born in Elizabeth, New Jersey (d. 1947)
  • 1862-07-24 Johan A de Sleeve [Adwaita], philosopher and poet (Brahman)
  • 1863-01-31 Henri Berr, French philosopher (Revue de synthèse), born in Lunéville, France (d. 1954)
  • 1863-12-16 George Santayana, Spanish philosopher/poet/humanist (Last Puritan)
  • 1864-08-16 Ferdinand C. S. Schiller, German-British philosopher (Riddles of the Sphinx), born in Altona, Holstein, German Confederation (d. 1937)
  • 1864-09-29 Miguel de Unamuno Jugo, Bilbao Spain, philosopher (Ensayos, Teatro)
  • 1866-02-25 Benedetto Croce, Italian humanist/historian/editor/philosopher
  • 1866-02-28 Vyacheslav Ivanov, Russian philosopher, playwright and poet, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1949)
  • 1867-02-11 August W Messer, German philosopher/educator/psychologist
  • 1867-05-17 Gerrit Mannoury, Dutch mathematician and philosopher, born in Wormerveer, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • 1868-03-03 Alain [Emile-Auguste Chartier], French philosopher/writer
  • 1869-12-02 Jonas Cohn, German philosopher (Theory of the Dialects), born in Görlitz, Germany (d. 1947)
  • 1870-05-19 Nishida Kitarō, Japanese philosopher (Kyoto School), born in Unoke, Japan (d. 1945)
  • 1870-06-18 Edouard Le Roy, French philosopher and mathematician
  • 1871-04-29 William Stern, German-American philosopher (Intelligence of Children), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1938)
  • 1871-11-20 William Heard Kilpatrick, American mathematician and philosopher, born in White Plains, Georgia (d. 1965)

Person of interestBertrand Russell

1872-05-18 Bertrand Russell, English mathematician and philosopher (Nobel 1950), born in Trellech, England (d. 1970)

Philosopher Bertrand Russell
Philosopher
Bertrand Russell
  • 1872-12-10 Ludwig Klages, German philosopher (study of graves), born in Hannover, Germany (d. 1956)
  • 1873-01-15 Max Adler, Austria jurist & social philosopher (Austromarxism), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1937)
  • 1873-02-22 Muhammad Iqbal, Dutch East Indies lawyer/poet/philosopher
  • 1873-08-22 Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher, born in Sokółka, Poland (d. 1928)
  • 1873-11-04 G. E. Moore, English philosopher (systematic approach to ethical problems), born in London (d. 1958)
  • 1874-03-18 Nikolai Berdyaev, Russian philosopher, born in Kiev, Russian Empire (d. 1948)
  • 1874-07-28 Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher and educator (Essay on Man), born in Silesia, Prussia (d. 1945)
  • 1874-08-22 Max Scheler, German philosopher (Vom Umsturz der Werte), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1928)
  • 1874-11-22 Herman Harrell Horne, American philosopher (idealism), born in Clayton, North Carolina (d. 1946)
  • 1875-05-30 Giovanni Gentile, Italian philosopher (The Doctrine of Fascism), born in Castelvetrano, Italy (d. 1944)
  • 1875-06-17 Philipp Abraham Kohnstamm, Dutch philosopher and physicist, born in Bonn, Germany (d. 1951)
  • 1877-01-31 Max Ettlinger, German philosopher, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1929)
  • 1877-11-09 Allama Iqbal, Indian philosopher and poet, born in Sialkot, Punjab Province, British India (d. 1938)
  • 1878-02-08 Martin Buber, Austrian-Israeli dialogue philosopher and theologist (Ich und Du), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1965)
  • 1878-03-04 Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian esotericist, born in Kharkov, Russian Empire (d. 1947)
  • 1878-12-21 Jan Łukasiewicz, Polish logician and philosopher, born in Lviv, Ukraine (d. 1956)
  • 1879-02-23 Agnes Arber, English biologist/philosopher (Mind & the Eye)
  • 1879-07-03 Alfred Korzybski, Polish-American scientist and philosopher, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1950)
  • 1879-12-30 Sri Ramana Maharshi, Hindu philosopher/yogi (Maharshi Research Inst)
  • 1880-05-29 Oswald Spengler, German historian and philosopher (Decline of West), born in Blankenburg, Duchy of Brunswick, German Empire (d. 1936)
  • 1880-07-20 Hermann earl Keyserling, German philosopher/writer
  • 1881-02-23 Titus [Anno S] Brandsma, Dutch philosopher
  • 1881-05-01 Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, French philosopher and paleontologist (The Phenomenon of Man), born in Orcines, Auvergne, France (d. 1955)
  • 1881-05-27 Rudolf Pannwitz, German writer and philosopher (Urblik), born in Crossen/Oder, Province of Brandenburg, Prussia (now in Poland) (d. 1969)
  • 1881-10-11 Hans Kelsen, Austrian legal philosopher and political philosopher, born in Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1973)
  • 1882-01-15 Florian Znaniecki, Polish philosopher & sociologist, born in Świątniki, Poland (d. 1958)
  • 1882-01-18 Jacob Clay, Dutch philosopher and phyicist (Mesones)
  • 1882-02-28 Jose Vasconcelos, politician, essayist, philosopher, born in Oaxaca, Mexico (d. 1959)
  • 1882-04-14 Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1936)
  • 1882-09-28 Eugenio d' Ors y Rovira, essayist/philosopher, born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1882-11-18 Jacques Maritain, French Catholic philosopher (exponent of St Thomas), born in Paris (d. 1973)
  • 1882-12-10 Otto Neurath, Austrian-British philosopher (Foundation of Social Sciences), born in Vienna, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1883-02-18 Níkos Kazantzákis, prominent Greek writer and philosopher (Zorba the Greek, The Last Temptation of Christ), born in Kandiye, Ottoman Empire (d. 1957)
  • 1883-02-23 Karl Jaspers, Oldenburg Germany, existentialist philosopher
  • 1883-05-06 José Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher and author (The Revolt of the Masses), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1955)
  • 1883-10-26 Napoleon Hill, American writer and philosopher (Think and Grow Rich), born in Pound, Virginia (d. 1970)
  • 1884-06-13 Étienne Gilson, French philosopher and historian, born in Paris (d. 1978)
  • 1884-06-27 Gaston Bachelard, French philosopher (La psychanalyse du feu), born in Bar-sur-Aube, France (d. 1962)
  • 1885-02-14 Syed Zafarul Hasan, Indian-Pakistani Prominent Muslim philosopher (d. 1949)
  • 1885-03-20 Eugen Herrigel, German philosopher/early pioneer of Zen in Europe
  • 1885-04-13 Georg Lukács, Hungarian philosopher and literary critic, born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1971)
  • 1885-07-08 Emil Bloch, German philosopher

Person of interestWill Durant

1885-11-05 Will Durant, American author and historian (The Story of Philosophy, The Story of Civilization), born in North Adams, Massachusetts (d. 1981)

Historian Will Durant
Historian
Will Durant
  • 1885-11-09 Hermann Weyl, German mathematician and philosopher, born in Elmshom, Germany (d. 1955)
  • 1886-09-13 Alain LeRoy Locke, African-American writer and philosopher “Father of the Harlem Renaissance”, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1954)
  • 1887-06-22 Julian S. Huxley, English biologist/philosopher, Darwin's Bulldog, born in London, England (d. 1975)
  • 1887-07-31 Hans Freyer, German sociologist and philosopher, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1969)
  • 1888-05-15 Jean Wahl, French philosopher
  • 1888-09-05 Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Indian philosopher and leader, Second President of India (1962-67), born in Thiruttani, British India (d. 1975)
  • 1889-02-22 Robin G Collingwood, English philosopher (Roman Britain)
  • 1889-03-01 Watsuji Tetsuro, Japanese philosopher (d. 1960)
  • 1889-04-26 Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austrian English philosopher (Philosophical Investigations), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1951)
  • 1889-06-25 Margriet Baers, Flemish philosopher and social worker, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1922)

Person of interestMartin Heidegger

1889-09-26 Martin Heidegger, German philosopher (Being & Time), born in Meeskirch, Germany (d. 1976)

Philosopher Martin Heidegger
Philosopher
Martin Heidegger
  • 1890-03-08 Oswald von Nell-Breuning, German theologist and philosopher, born in Trier, Germany (d. 1991)
  • 1890-08-09 Eino Kaila, Finnish psychologist and philosopher, born in Alajärvi, Finland (d. 1958)
  • 1890-09-22 Ferdinand Gonseth, Swiss mathematician/philosopher

Person of interestAntonio Gramsci

1891-01-23 Antonio Gramsci, Italian philosopher & Marxist theorist, born in Ales, Sardinia, Italy (d. 1937)

Marxist Theorist and Politician Antonio Gramsci
Marxist Theorist and Politician
Antonio Gramsci
  • 1891-05-18 Rudolf Carnap, philosopher (German Logical Positivist)
  • 1891-10-12 Edith Stein, German philosopher and Discalced Carmelite nun (St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross), born in Breslau (Silesia), Germany (d. 1942) [1]
  • 1891-11-01 D. H. Th. Vollenhoven, Dutch composer and philosopher, born in Amsterdam (d. 1978)
  • 1892-10-24 Kurt Huber, German philosopher and resistance fighter, born in Chur, Switzerland (d. 1943)
  • 1893-02-05 Roman Ingarden, Polish philosopher (Studia philosophica)
  • 1894-02-08 Ludwig Marcuse, German philosopher
  • 1894-08-13 Ferdinand Sassen, Dutch philosopher and director, born in Lugano, Switzerland (d. 1971)
  • 1894-10-07 Herman Dooyeweerd, Dutch philosopher/lawyer
  • 1894-10-30 Jean Rostand, French biologist and philosopher, born in Paris (d. 1977)
  • 1895-02-14 Max Horkheimer, German philosopher & sociologist (Studies in prejudice), born in Zuffenhausen, Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1973)
  • 1895-05-03 Cornelius Van Til, Dutch philosopher and Christian apologist, Grootegast, Netherlands (d. 1987)
  • 1895-05-09 Lucian Blaga, Romanian philosopher and poet (Dogmatic Aeon), born in Lámkerék, Szeben County, Austria-Hungary (d. 1961)
  • 1895-05-12 Jiddu Krishnamurti, Indian philosopher (Songs of Life), born in Madanapalle, India (d. 1986)
  • 1895-11-17 Mikhail Bakhtin, Russian philosopher, born in Oryol, Russian Empire (d. 1975)
  • 1895-12-04 Fung Yu-lan, Chinese philosopher, born in Tanghe County, Henan, Qing Dynasty (d. 1990)
  • 1895-12-20 Susanne Langer, American philosopher & educator (Philosophy in a New Key), born in Manhattan, New York City
  • 1897-01-09 Karl Löwith, German philosopher, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1973)
  • 1897-06-22 Norbert Elias, English/Dutch philosopher (Process of Civilization)
  • 1898-01-25 Joachim Wach, German religious scholar (Understanding), born in Chemnitz, Germany (d. 1955)
  • 1898-05-19 Julius Evola, Italian philosopher (d. 1974)
  • 1898-07-11 Hendrik J Pos, Dutch philosopher/CEO (Committee of Watchfulness)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths

Deaths 201 - 300 of 445

  • 1912-01-14 Otto Liebmann, German philosopher (Kant & Epigones), dies at 71
  • 1914-04-19 Charles Peirce, American scientist and philosopher known as "the father of pragmatism", dies at 74
  • 1916-02-19 Ernst Mach, Austrian physicist/philosopher/psychologist, dies at 78
  • 1916-09-14 Josiah Royce, American philosopher (Conception of Immortality), dies at 60
  • 1916-09-14 Pierre Duhem, French naturalist, philosopher and historian, dies at 55
  • 1918-09-28 Georg Simmel, German sociologist and philosopher (b. 1858)
  • 1919-02-05 Vasili V Rozanov, Russian philosopher & writer, dies at 62
  • 1919-05-20 Jacob Verdam, philosopher, dies
  • 1919-07-07 Paul Deusen, German philosopher/CEO (Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft), dies
  • 1919-08-09 Ernst Haeckel, German biologist (Causes of Evolution) and philosopher (Social Darwinism), dies at 85
  • 1920-08-31 Wilhelm Wundt, German physiologist, psychologist and philosopher, dies at 88
  • 1921-01-07 Benno Erdmann, German philosopher (Logik I), dies at 69
  • 1922-02-11 Gerardus J P Bolland, Dutch philosopher (Bolland Society), dies at 67
  • 1922-09-04 Georges Sorel, French philosopher and theorist of Sorelianism, dies at 74
  • 1922-09-30 Paul Barth, German philosopher and sociologist, dies at 64
  • 1922-10-12 Daisy M C Baers, Flemish philosophy/theory, dies at 33
  • 1922-10-12 Margriet Baers, Flemish philosopher and social worker, dies at 33
  • 1923-01-23 Max Nordau, Austrian author, philosopher, and Zionist leader (b. 1849)
  • 1923-06-29 Fritz Mauthner, German author/philosopher (skepticism), dies at 73
  • 1924-09-18 Francis H. Bradley, British idealist philosopher (Appearance and Reality), dies at 78
  • 1924-10-07 Clemens Baeumker, German historian (Patristischen Philosophie), dies at 71
  • 1925-03-04 James Ward, English psychologist and philosopher (b. 1843)
  • 1925-03-30 Rudolf Steiner, Austrian philosopher (anthroposophy), dies at 64
  • 1926-01-23 Désiré-Joseph Mercier, Belgian philosopher and cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, dies at 74
  • 1926-09-16 Rudolf C Eucken, German philosopher (Nobel 1908), dies at 80
  • 1927-01-09 Houston Stewart Chamberlain, British-German philosopher (wrote works about political philosophy and natural science), dies at 71
  • 1927-02-13 Brooks Adams, American philosopher (New Empire), dies at 78
  • 1927-10-29 Leonard Nelson, German philosopher (Nelson-Friessche Schule), dies at 45
  • 1928-04-07 Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher, dies at 54
  • 1928-05-19 Max Scheler, German philosopher, dies at 53
  • 1929-06-28 Edward Carpenter, English poet and philosopher (Civilisation, Its Cause and Cure), dies at 84
  • 1929-10-12 Max Ettlinger, German philosopher/theorist, dies at 52
  • 1930-04-16 José Carlos Mariátegui, Peruvian journalist, political philosopher and activist (b. 1894)
  • 1933-12-17 Hans Vaihinger, German philosopher (Side-Studies), dies at 81
  • 1934-11-08 James Mark Baldwin, American Philosopher and Psychologist, dies at 73
  • 1936-04-09 Ferdinand Tönnies, German sociologist and philosopher, dies at 80
  • 1936-05-08 Oswald Spengler, German historian and philosopher (Underworld of Abendlandes), dies at 55
  • 1936-06-22 Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher assassinated at 54 by former student Johann Nelböck
  • 1936-12-31 Miguel de Unamuno Jugo, Span philosopher/poet (Cancionero), dies at 72
  • 1937-04-02 Nathan Birnbaum, Austria philosopher (Zionism), dies at about 72

Person of interestAntonio Gramsci

1937-04-27 Antonio Gramsci, Italian philosopher, dies at 46

Marxist Theorist and Politician Antonio Gramsci
Marxist Theorist and Politician
Antonio Gramsci
  • 1937-08-06 Ferdinand CS Schiller, British philosopher (Mind!), dies at 72

Person of interestTomáš Garrigue Masaryk

1937-09-14 Tomáš Masaryk, Czech philosopher and 1st President of Czechoslovakia (1918-35), dies at 87

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • 1938-03-27 William Stern, German-American philosopher (Intelligence of Children), dies at 66
  • 1938-04-21 Allama Iqbal, Indian philosopher and poet, dies at 60
  • 1938-04-26 Edmund Husserl, German philosopher (founded School of Phenomenology), dies at 79
  • 1938-09-13 Samuel Alexander, Engl philosopher (Space, time & deity), dies at 79
  • 1938-11-19 Lev Shestov, Russian existentialist philosopher, dies at 72
  • 1939-03-13 Lucien Lévy-Bruhl, French scholar and philosopher, dies at 81
  • 1941-01-04 Henri Bergson, French philosopher (Le Rire, Nobel 1928), dies at 81

Person of interestRabindranath Tagore

1941-08-07 Rabindranath Tagore, Indian philosopher, poet, writer (Nobel Prize for Literature 1913), dies at 80

  • 1941-12-09 Leonard "Leo" Polak, Dutch philosopher, dies in Sachsenhausen at 61
  • 1941-12-09 Dmitry Merezhkovsky, Russian writer and philosopher (b. 1865)
  • 1942-07-26 Titus Brandsma [Anno Sjoerd], Dutch Roman Catholic priest and philosopher (Dachau), dies
  • 1942-08-09 Edith Stein, German philosopher and Discalced Carmelite nun (St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross), dies at 50 [1]
  • 1943-01-09 Robin G Collingwood, English philosopher (Roman Britain), dies at 53
  • 1943-07-13 Kurt Huber, German philosopher and resistance fighter, beheaded at 50
  • 1943-08-24 Simone Weil, French philosopher and social activist (b. 1909)
  • 1944-04-15 Giovanni Gentile, Italian philosopher (The Doctrine of Fascism), dies at 68
  • 1945-04-13 Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher & educator (Essay on Man), dies at 70
  • 1945-06-07 Nishida Kitaro, Japanese philosopher (Kyoto School), dies at 74
  • 1945-07-20 Paul Valéry [Ambroise Paul Toussaint Jules Valéry], French author, philosopher and poet (La Jeune Parque), dies at 73
  • 1945-12-22 Otto Neurath, Austrian-British philosopher (Foundation of Social Sciences), dies at 63
  • 1946-04-26 Hermann von Keyserling, Baltic German philosopher (Unsterblichkeit), dies at 65
  • 1946-08-16 Herman Harrell Horne, American philosopher (idealism), dies at 71
  • 1947-01-12 Jonas Cohn, German philosopher (Wertwissenschaft), dies at 77
  • 1947-10-02 Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1878)
  • 1947-12-07 Nicholas Murray Butler, American philosopher, diplomat (Nobel Peace Prize 1931), educator (Columbia University President), dies at 85
  • 1949-02-21 Tan Malaka, Indonesian philosopher and founder (Indonesian Communist), executed at 49
  • 1949-04-18 Leonard Bloomfield, American linguist, dies at 62

Person of interestMaurice Maeterlinck

1949-05-06 Maurice Maeterlinck, Belgian philosopher (Nobel 1911), dies at 86

Author and Nobel Laureate Maurice Maeterlinck
Author and Nobel Laureate
Maurice Maeterlinck
  • 1949-06-19 Syed Zafarul Hasan, Indian-Pakistani Prominent Muslim philosopher, dies at 64
  • 1949-07-16 Vyacheslav Ivanov, Russian philosopher, playwright and poet, dies at 83
  • 1950-03-01 Alfred Korzybski, Polish-American scientist & philosopher, dies at 70
  • 1950-04-14 Sri Ramana Maharshi, Indian philosopher (b. 1879)
  • 1950-09-06 Olaf Stapledon, British writer and philosopher (b. 1886)
  • 1951-04-29 Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austria English philosopher (Philosophical Investigations), dies at 62
  • 1951-06-02 Alain [Emile-Auguste Chartier], French philosopher, dies at 83
  • 1951-12-31 Philipp Abraham Kohnstamm, Dutch philosopher and physicist, dies at 76

Person of interestJohn Dewey

1952-06-01 John Dewey, American philosopher (Common Faith), dies at 92

Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer John Dewey
Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer
John Dewey
  • 1952-09-26 George Santayana, American philosopher/poet (Last Puritan), dies at 88
  • 1952-11-20 Benedetto Croce, Italian philosopher (La Critica), dies at 86
  • 1954-06-09 Alain LeRoy Locke, African-American writer and philosopher “Father of the Harlem Renaissance”, dies at 68
  • 1954-09-25 Eugenio d' Ors y Rovira, Spanish essayist/philosopher, dies at 71
  • 1955-04-10 Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, French philosopher and paleontologist (The Phenomenon of Man), dies at 73
  • 1955-04-18 Eugen Herrigel, Zen philosopher & scholar, dies in Germany at 70
  • 1955-08-27 Joachim Wach, philosopher/sociologist (Sociology of Religion), dies
  • 1955-10-18 José Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher and author (The Revolt of the Masses), dies at 72
  • 1955-12-09 Hermann Weyl, German mathematician and philosopher, dies at 70
  • 1956-01-30 Gerrit Mannoury, Dutch mathematician and philosopher, dies at 88
  • 1956-06-07 Julien Benda, Fren philosopher/writer (La trahison des clercs), dies
  • 1956-07-29 Ludwig Klages, German philosopher (study of graves), dies at 83
  • 1957-10-26 Níkos Kazantzákis, prominent Greek writer and philosopher (Zorba the Greek, The Last Temptation of Christ), dies at 74
  • 1958-03-23 Florian Znaniecki, Polish/US sociologist/philosopher, dies at 76
  • 1958-07-31 Eino Kaila, Finnish psychologist and philosopher, dies at 67
  • 1958-10-24 G. E. Moore, English philosopher (systematic approach to ethical problems), dies at 84
  • 1958-12-21 Lion Feuchtwanger, philosopher/writer (Der falsche Nero), dies at 74
  • 1959-05-20 Alfred Schütz, Austrian-American architect and philosopher, dies at 60
  • 1960-02-08 John Langshaw Austin, British philosopher, (b. 1911)
  • 1960-04-28 Anton Pannekoek, Dutch astronomer & philosopher, dies at 87

Famous Philosophers