Philosophy in History (Part 4)

Historical Events


Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 301 - 400 of 439

  • 1898-07-18 Herbert Marcuse, German-American communist philosopher (Eros & Civilization), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1979)
  • 1898-11-09 Owen Barfield, British philosopher of language, born in London (d. 1997)
  • 1899-02-14 John Herman Randall Jr., American philosopher (Western Man), born in Grand Rapids, Michigan (d. 1980)
  • 1899-04-13 Alfred Schütz, Austrian-American architect and philosopher, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1959)
  • 1899-05-25 Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bengali poet, musician, revolutionary and philosopher, born in Asansol, Burdwan, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1976)
  • 1899-06-02 Tan Malaka, Indonesian philosopher and founder (Indonesian Communist), born in Limapuluh Koto, Dutch East Indies (d. 1949)
  • 1899-09-20 Leo Strauss, German-American political philosopher, born in Kirchhain, Hesse-Nassau, German Empire (d. 1973)
  • 1900-02-11 Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher
  • 1900-06-15 Gotthard Günther, German philosopher (d. 1984)
  • 1900-08-19 Gilbert Ryle, British philosopher (d. 1976)
  • 1901-01-03 Eric Voegelin, German American philosopher (Order & History), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1985)
  • 1901-01-17 Aron Gurwitsch, Lithuanian-born philosopher, born in Vilnius, Lithuania (d. 1973)
  • 1901-05-10 Albert Dondeyne, Belgian philosopher/theologist
  • 1901-09-29 Lanza del Vasto, Italian philosopher and activist (d. 1981)
  • 1902-07-12 Günther Anders, German Jewish philosopher, born in Breslau, German Empire (d. 1992)

Person of interestKarl Popper

1902-07-28 Karl Popper, Austro-British philosopher (Logic of Forschung), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1994)

Philosopher and Professor Karl Popper
Philosopher and Professor
Karl Popper
  • 1902-12-20 Sidney Hook, American philosopher (Paradoxes of Freedom), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1903-08-31 Vladimir Jankélévitch, French philosopher, born in Bourges, France (d. 1985)
  • 1903-09-11 Theodor W. Adorno, German philosopher and sociologist, born in Frankfurt (d. 1969)
  • 1904-01-20 Theodore Brameld, American philosopher & educator (Use of Explosive Ideas), born in Neillsville, Wisconsin (d. 1987)
  • 1904-02-17 Hans Morgenthau, German political philosopher (d. 1980)
  • 1904-09-29 Dorothy Emmet, philosopher
  • 1905-01-08 Carl Gustav Hempel, German writer & philosopher, born in Oranienburg, Germany (d. 1997)
  • 1905-02-02 Ayn Rand [Alisa Zinov'yevna Rosenbaum], Russian-American author, screenwriter and philosopher who developed the philosophical system of "Objectivism" (Atlas Shrugged, The Fountainhead), born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1982)

Person of interestJean-Paul Sartre

1905-06-21 Jean-Paul Sartre, French existentialist philosopher and writer (Le Mur, Nobel 1964; declined), born in Paris (d. 1980)

  • 1905-09-09 Hussain Sha - Indian Saint, Philosopher, Pithapuram
  • 1905-11-22 James Burnham, philosopher (Coming Defeat of Communism)
  • 1905-12-11 Eugen Fink, German philosopher, born in Konstanz, German Empire (d. 1975)
  • 1905-12-30 Emmanuel Levinas, philosopher
  • 1906-02-13 Agostinho da Silva, Portuguese philosopher (d. 1994)
  • 1906-10-05 Leopold Kohr, Austrian social philosopher, born in Oberndorf, Austria (d. 1994)
  • 1907-12-27 Emile de Strijker, Belgian philosopher
  • 1908-03-14 Maurice (Jean Jacques) Merleau-Ponty, French philosopher
  • 1908-06-21 William Frankena, American philosopher, born in Manhattan, Montana (d. 1994)
  • 1908-06-22 George Armin Goyder, businessman and social philosopher (d. 1997)
  • 1908-06-25 Willard Van Orman Quine, American philosopher and logician in the analytic tradition, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2000)
  • 1908-07-07 Evert W Beth, Dutch mathematician/philosopher
  • 1908-07-09 Rasheed Turabi, Pakistani scholar, orator and philosopher, born in Hyderabad, India (d. 1973)
  • 1909-02-03 Simone Weil, social philosopher/Resistance fighter (WWII), born in Paris, France
  • 1909-02-24 Max Black, Dutch/British/American philosopher (analytical philosophy)
  • 1909-06-06 Isaiah Berlin, Latvian-British philosopher, born in Riga, Latvia, Russian Empire (d. 1997)
  • 1909-06-09 Jose Luis Lopez Aranguren, Spanish philosopher, born in Avila, Spain (d. 1996)
  • 1909-10-18 Norberto Bobbio, Italian philosopher and legal theorist (d. 2004)
  • 1910-04-12 Jürgen Rausch, German philosopher and author (End of the Playboys), born in Bremen, Germany (d. 1995)
  • 1910-09-24 Leon MacLaren, British philosopher and founder of the LSE, born in Glasgow (d. 1994)
  • 1910-10-29 A. J. Ayer, English Neopositivist philosopher (Logical Positivism), born in London (d. 1989)
  • 1910-11-11 Israel Eldad, Israeli Revisionist Zionist philosopher and member of the pre-state underground group Lehi, born in Pidvolochysk, Galicia (d. 1996)
  • 1911-03-28 J. L. Austin, British philosopher of language, born in Lancaster (d. 1960)
  • 1911-08-11 Alphonse de Waelhens, Flemish philosopher (Psychosis)
  • 1911-09-29 Reginald Victor Jones, CH, FRS natural philosopher
  • 1912-01-06 Jacques Cesar Ellul, French philosopher & sociologist, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1994)
  • 1912-01-27 Arne Næss, Norwegian philosopher, born in Oslo, Norway (d. 2009)
  • 1912-08-04 Aleksandr Danilovich Aleksandrov, Russian mathematician, physicist, philosopher, and mountaineer, born in Volyn, Ryazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1999)
  • 1912-11-24 Bernard Delfgaauw, Dutch philosopher (Johnson murderer!)
  • 1913-07-17 Roger Garaudy, French philosopher
  • 1913-08-27 Donald M. MacKinnon, Scottish philosopher, born in Oban, Scotland (d. 1994)
  • 1914-08-12 Gerd Buchdahl, German philosopher (d. 2001)
  • 1915-01-06 Alan Watts, British-American philosopher (Book on the Taboo), born in Chislehurst, United Kingdom (d. 1973)
  • 1917-02-17 Abdur Rahman Badawi, Egyptian philosopher (d. 2002)
  • 1917-12-20 David Bohm, American physicist, philosopher, and neuropsychologist, born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania (d. 1992)
  • 1918-02-04 Luigi Pareyson, Italian philosopher (d. 1991)
  • 1918-10-19 Louis Althusser, French philosopher (For Marx, Strangled His Wife)
  • 1919-09-13 Mary Midgley, British-American philosopher (Animals and Why They Matter), born in London
  • 1919-09-21 Mario Bunge, Argentine philosopher and physicist, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 1919-11-05 Hasan Askari, Pakistani philosopher, critic and writer, born in Bulandshahr Uttar Pradesh, British India (d. 1978)
  • 1919-11-23 Peter Strawson, English philosopher
  • 1920-05-08 Maurice Cranston, English philosopher and political scientist (John Locke biographies), born in Harringay, England (d. 1993)
  • 1920-07-13 Hans Blumenberg, philosopher
  • 1920-10-19 Pandurang Shastri Athavale, Indian philosopher (d. 2003)
  • 1921-01-01 Ismail al-Faruqi, Palestinian philosopher, born in Jaffa, British-mandate Palestine (d. 1986)
  • 1921-09-19 Paulo Freire, Brazilian educator and philosopher, born in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil (d. 1997)
  • 1922-03-11 Cornelius Castoriadis, Greek philosopher and economist, born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1997)
  • 1922-07-18 Thomas Kuhn, American philosopher of science (paradigm shift), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1996)
  • 1922-11-09 Imre Lakatos, Hungarian philosopher, born in Debrecen, Hungary (d. 1974)
  • 1923-04-05 Ernest Mandel, Belgian philosopher and economist (Marxist), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1995)
  • 1923-05-05 Richard Wollheim, British philosopher (deeply engaged with issues that were central to the visual arts), born in London (d. 2003)
  • 1924-01-13 Paul Feyerabend, Austrian-born philosopher, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1994)
  • 1924-02-18 Evald Ilyenkov, Soviet philosopher (Dialectical Logic), born in Smolensk, Soviet Union (d. 1979)
  • 1924-06-26 Kostas Axelos, Greek-French philosopher, born in Athens, Greece (d. 2010)
  • 1924-07-30 William H. Gass, American novelist and philosopher (Omensetter's Luck), born in Fargo, North Dakota (d. 2017)
  • 1924-11-25 Takaaki Yoshimoto, Japanese poet, critic, and philosopher.
  • 1925-01-18 Gilles Deleuze, French philosopher (Difference and Repetition), born in Paris, France (d. 1995)
  • 1925-07-20 Frantz Fanon, West Indian psychiatrist and philosopher (The Wretched of the Earth), born in Martinique, France (d. 1961)
  • 1925-08-26 Sangharakshita, Buddhist Philosopher, Founder of the Western Buddhist Order
  • 1925-10-10 Ivan Sviták, Czech philosopher and poet, born in Hranice na Moravě, Czechoslovakia (d. 1994)
  • 1926-01-26 José María Valverde, Spanish philosopher, poet and translator (La espera, Historia de la literatura universal), born in Valencia de Alcántara, Spain (d. 1996)
  • 1926-07-31 Hilary Putnam, American philosopher, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2016)
  • 1926-10-15 Michel Foucault, French philosopher and historian (The History of Sexuality), born in Poitiers (d. 1984)
  • 1926-10-19 Joel Feinberg, American moral philosopher (d. 2004)
  • 1926-11-23 Sathya Sai Baba, Indian guru and philosopher
  • 1927-09-15 David Stove, Australian philosopher, (d. 1994)
  • 1927-10-23 Leszek Kolakowski, Polish philosopher (Conversations with the Devil)

Person of interestNoam Chomsky

1928-12-07 Noam Chomsky, American linguist (founded transformational grammar), philosopher and political activist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Linguist and Author Noam Chomsky
Linguist and Author
Noam Chomsky
  • 1929-01-12 Alasdair MacIntyre, Scottish-born American philosopher, born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1929-06-18 Jürgen Habermas, German sociologist and philosopher (Frankfurter Schule), born in Düsseldorf
  • 1929-07-29 Jean Baudrillard, French philosopher
  • 1929-09-21 Bernard Williams, English moral philosopher, born in Westcliff, Essex, England (d. 2003)
  • 1929-11-08 António Castanheira Neves, Portuguese philosopher, born in Tábua, Portugal
  • 1930-04-12 Bryan Magee, British philosopher, politician and broadcaster (Modern British Philosophy), born in London
  • 1930-07-15 Jacques Derrida, French philosopher (d. 2004)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths

Deaths 301 - 400 of 445

  • 1960-12-26 Watsuji Tetsuro, Japanese philosopher (b. 1889)
  • 1961-05-03 Maurice [Jean Jacques] Merleau-Ponty, French philosopher, dies at 53
  • 1961-05-06 Lucian Blaga, Romanian philosopher and poet (Transcendental censor), dies at 65
  • 1961-12-06 Frantz Fanon, West Indian psychiatrist and philosopher (The Wretched of the Earth), dies of leukemia at 36
  • 1962-07-08 Georges Bataille, French writer and philosopher (b. 1897)
  • 1962-10-16 Gaston Bachelard, French philosopher (Water & Dreams), dies at 78
  • 1965-02-13 William Heard Kilpatrick, American mathematician and philosopher, dies at 93
  • 1965-05-22 Heinrich Barth, Swiss philosopher (Das Sein in der Zeit), dies
  • 1965-06-13 Martin Buber, Austrian-Israeli dialogue philosopher and theologist (Ich und Du), dies at 87
  • 1968-12-29 Austin Farrer, English theologian and philosopher (b. 1904)
  • 1969-01-18 Hans Freyer, German sociologist and philosopher, dies at 81
  • 1969-02-26 Karl Jaspers, German psychiatrist/philosopher, dies at 86
  • 1969-03-23 Rudolf Pannwitz, German writer and philosopher (Urblik), dies at 87
  • 1969-08-06 Theodor W. Adorno, German philosopher and sociologist, dies at 65

Person of interestBertrand Russell

1970-02-02 Bertrand Russell, English mathematician and philosopher (Nobel 1950), dies at 97

Philosopher Bertrand Russell
Philosopher
Bertrand Russell
  • 1970-06-29 Roman Ingarden, Polish philosopher (Studia philosophica), dies at 77
  • 1970-09-14 Rudolph Carnap, German philosopher and mathematician, dies at 79
  • 1970-10-08 Lucien Goldmann, Romanian/French sociologist/philosopher, dies
  • 1970-11-08 Napoleon Hill, American writer and philosopher (Think and Grow Rich), dies at 87
  • 1971-06-04 Georg Lukács, Hungarian philosopher and literary critic, dies at 86
  • 1971-08-02 Ludwig Marcuse, German philosopher, dies at 77
  • 1971-09-16 Ferdinand Sassen, Dutch philosopher and director, dies at 77
  • 1973-04-20 Hans Kelsen, Austrian legal philosopher and political philosopher, dies at 91
  • 1973-04-28 Jacques Maritain, French Catholic philosopher (exponent of St Thomas), dies at 90
  • 1973-07-07 Max Horkheimer, German philosopher and sociologist (Studies in prejudice), dies at 78
  • 1973-10-18 Leo Strauss, German-American political philosopher, dies at 74
  • 1973-12-18 Rasheed Turabi, Pakistani scholar, orator and philosopher, dies at 65
  • 1974-06-11 Julius Evola, Italian philosopher (b. 1898)
  • 1975-03-07 Mikhail Bakhtin, Russian philosopher, dies at 79
  • 1975-04-17 Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Indian philosopher and leader, Second President of India (1962-67), dies at 86
  • 1975-07-25 Eugen Fink, German philosopher, dies at 69

Person of interestMartin Heidegger

1976-05-26 Martin Heidegger, German philosopher (Being & Time), dies at 86

Philosopher Martin Heidegger
Philosopher
Martin Heidegger
  • 1976-08-29 Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bengali poet, musician, revolutionary and philosopher, dies at 77
  • 1976-10-06 Gilbert Ryle, British philosopher (b. 1900)
  • 1977-02-07 Herman Dooyeweerd, Dutch philosopher/lawyer, dies at 82
  • 1977-03-13 Jan Patocka, Czech philosopher, dies in prison
  • 1977-08-04 Emil Bloch, German philosopher (Principle Hope, Traces), dies at 92
  • 1977-09-04 Jean Rostand, French biologist and philosopher, dies at 82
  • 1978-01-18 Hasan Askari, Pakistani philosopher, critic and writer, dies at 58
  • 1978-04-19 Emile de Strijker, Belgian philosopher, dies at 70
  • 1978-06-06 D. H. Th. Vollenhoven, Dutch composer and philosopher, dies at 85
  • 1978-09-19 Étienne Gilson, French philosopher and historian, dies at 94
  • 1979-03-21 Evald Ilyenkov, Soviet philosopher (Dialectical Logic), dies at 55
  • 1979-07-29 Herbert Marcuse, German-American communist philosopher (Eros & Civilization), dies at 81

Person of interestJean-Paul Sartre

1980-04-15 Jean-Paul Sartre, French existentialist philosopher & writer (Nobel 1964), dies in Paris at 74

Person of interestMarshall McLuhan

1980-12-31 Marshall McLuhan, Canadian writer (Medium is the Message), dies at 69

Philosopher of Communication Theory Marshall McLuhan
Philosopher of Communication Theory
Marshall McLuhan
  • 1981-01-05 Lanza del Vasto, Italian philosopher (b. 1901)

Person of interestWill Durant

1981-11-07 Will Durant, American author and historian (The Story of Philosophy, The Story of Civilization), dies at 96

Historian Will Durant
Historian
Will Durant
  • 1982-03-06 Ayn Rand [Alisa Zinov'yevna Rosenbaum], Russian-American author, screenwriter and philosopher who developed the philosophical system of "Objectivism" (Atlas Shrugged, The Fountainhead), dies of heart failure at 77
  • 1983-07-01 R. Buckminster Fuller, American architect and inventor (geodesic dome), dies at 87
  • 1984-05-15 Francis Schaeffer, American theologian, philosopher, and pastor (b. 1912)
  • 1984-06-25 Michel Foucault, French philosopher and historian (History of Sexuality), dies of AIDs at 57
  • 1984-11-29 Gotthard Günther, German philosopher (b. 1900)
  • 1985-02-07 Albert Dondeyne, Belgian philosopher/theologist, dies at 83
  • 1986-02-17 Jiddu Krishnamurti, Indian philosopher (Kingdom Happiness), dies at 90
  • 1986-05-27 Isma'il Raji' al-Faruqi, Palestinian-born philosopher (b. 1921)
  • 1987-04-17 Cornelius Van Til, Dutch philosopher and Christian apologist, dies at 91
  • 1987-07-28 James Burnham, philosopher (Coming Defeat of Communism), dies at 81
  • 1989-06-27 A. J. Ayer, English Neopositivist philosopher (Logical Positivism), dies at 78
  • 1990-08-01 Norbert Elias, German/English/Neth philosopher/sociologist, dies
  • 1990-10-23 Louis Althusser, French philosopher, dies
  • 1990-11-24 Nistani Keiji, philosopher, dies in Kyoto Japan
  • 1990-11-26 Fung Yu-lan, Chinese philosopher, dies at 94
  • 1991-08-21 Oswald von Nell-Breuning, German theologist and philosopher, dies at 101
  • 1992-08-09 Patrick Devlin, English judge and legal philosopher, dies at 86
  • 1992-10-07 Allan Bloom, American philosopher and author (Closing of the American Mind), dies at 62
  • 1992-10-27 David Bohm, American-born physicist, philosopher, and neuropsychologist (b. 1917)
  • 1992-12-17 Günther Anders, German Jewish philosopher, dies at 90
  • 1993-08-20 Bernard Delfgaauw, philosopher (Johnson murderer!), dies at 80
  • 1993-09-08 Zaki Naguib Mahmoud, Egyptian philosopher/author/diplomat, dies at 88
  • 1993-10-17 Wim van Dooren, theologist/humanist/philosopher, dies
  • 1993-11-05 Maurice Cranston, English philosopher and political scientist (John Locke biographies), dies at 73
  • 1994-02-26 Leopold "Hans" Kohr, Austrian social philosopher, dies at 84
  • 1994-02-27 Leopold "Hans" Kohr, Austria social philosopher/economist, dies at 84
  • 1994-03-02 Donald M. MacKinnon, Scottish philosopher, dies at 80
  • 1994-05-19 Jacques Ellul, French writer and philosopher, dies at 82
  • 1994-06-02 David Stove, Australian philosopher (b. 1927)
  • 1994-06-24 Leon MacLaren, British philosopher and founder of the LSE, dies at 83
  • 1994-07-14 Robert Jungk, German/French/Us/Austrian philosopher/historian, dies

Person of interestKarl Popper

1994-09-17 Karl Popper, philosopher (Poverty of Historianism), dies at 92

Philosopher and Professor Karl Popper
Philosopher and Professor
Karl Popper
  • 1994-10-01 Paul Lorenzen, German philosopher (b. 1915)
  • 1994-10-15 Sarah Kofman, French philosopher, dies at 60
  • 1994-10-20 Ivan Sviták, Czech philosopher and poet, dies at 69
  • 1994-10-22 William Frankena, American philosopher, dies at 86
  • 1995-06-08 Jürgen Rausch, German philosopher and author (End of the Playboys), dies at 85
  • 1995-07-20 Ernest Mandel, Belgian philosopher and economist (Marxist), dies at 72
  • 1995-11-04 Gilles Deleuze, philosopher, dies at 70
  • 1995-12-10 Gillian Rose, philosopher/writer, dies at 48
  • 1995-12-25 Emmanuel Levinas, philosopher, dies at 89
  • 1996-01-22 Israel Eldad, Israeli Revisionist Zionist philosopher and member of the pre-state underground group Lehi, dies at 85
  • 1996-03-28 Hans Blumenberg, philosopher, dies at 75
  • 1996-04-17 Jose Luis Lopez Aranguren, philosopher, dies at 86
  • 1996-06-07 José María Valverde, Spanish philosopher, poet and translator (La espera, Historia de la literatura universal), dies at 70
  • 1996-06-17 Thomas Kuhn, American philosopher of science (paradigm shift), dies at 73
  • 1996-08-11 Sigmund Koch, psychologist/philosopher, dies at 79
  • 1997-01-19 George Armin Goyder, businessman/social philosopher, dies at 88
  • 1997-05-02 Paulo Freire, Brazilian educator and philosopher, dies at 75
  • 1997-11-05 Isaiah Berlin, Latvian-British philosopher, dies at 88
  • 1997-12-14 Owen Barfield, British philosopher of language, dies at 99
  • 1997-12-26 Cornelius Castoriadis, Greek philosopher and economist, dies at 75

Famous Philosophers