On This Day

Year 1891 in Sports History

Events in Sport

  • Mar 20 53rd Grand National: Irish jockey, trainer Harry Beasley wins aboard 4/1 Come Away
  • Mar 28 1st world weightlifting championship won by Edward Lawrence in London, England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 1 Legendary pitcher Cy Young wins first game played at Cleveland's League Park; Cleveland Spiders 12, Cincinnati Redlegs 3

MLB Pitcher Cy Young
MLB Pitcher
Cy Young
  • May 13 17th Kentucky Derby: Isaac Murphy aboard Kingman wins in 2:52.25
  • May 21 Boxers Peter Jackson & Jim Corbett fight to a draw in 61 rounds
  • Jun 10 25th Belmont: Ed Garrison riding Foxford wins in 2:08.75
  • Jun 27 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia Cricket Club: Mabel Cahill beats defending champion Ellen Roosevelt 6-4, 6-1, 4-6, 6-3
  • Jul 4 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Wilfred Baddeley wins first of 3 Wimbledon singles championships; beats Joshua Pim 6-4, 1-6, 7-5, 6-0
  • Jul 9 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Lottie Dod beats Blanche Bingley-Hillyard 6-2, 6-1 in a repeat matchup and result of the 2 previous finals
  • Aug 31 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport R.I.: Defending champion Oliver Campbell beats Clarence Hobart 2-6, 7-5, 7-9, 6-1, 6-2; second of 3 straight titles
  • Oct 7 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: Hugh Kirkaldy wins by 2 strokes from brother Andrew Kirkaldy and Willie Fernie; last Open contested in a single day over 36 holes
  • Dec 19 Canadian Rugby Union forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 21 1st game of basketball, based on rules created by James Naismith, played by 18 students in Springfield, Massachusetts

Basketball Inventor James Naismith
Basketball Inventor
James Naismith

Birthdays in Sport

  • Jan 4 Bryn Lewis, Welsh rugby union winger (2 caps; Newport, Cambridge University), born in Pontardawe, Wales (d. 1917)
  • Jan 6 Ted McDonald, Australian cricketer (great Australian quick of 20's), born in Launceston, Australia (d. 1937)
  • Jan 15 Ray Chapman, American baseball player (Cleveland Indians) and only MLB player to die from an injury received during a MLB game, born in Beaver Dam, Kentucky (d. 1920)
  • Jan 21 Francisco Lazaro, Portuguese runner
  • Jan 23 Jüri Lossmann, Estonian athlete (Olympic silver marathon 1920), born in Kabala, Estonia (d. 1984)
  • Jan 28 Bill Doak, American baseball pitcher (NL ERA leader 1914, 21; St. Louis Cardinals), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1954)
  • Jan 29 R Norris Williams, American tennis player, survivor RMS Titanic sinking (US Nat C'ship 1914, 16), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1968)
  • Feb 2 Frank Foyston, NHL Hall of Famer (Seattle)
  • Feb 4 Yuri Losmann, Estonia, marathon runner (Olympic-silver 1920)

Person of interestElizabeth Ryan

Feb 5 Elizabeth Ryan, American tennis player (26 Grand Slam doubles titles), born in Anaheim, California (d. 1979)

Tennis Player Elizabeth Ryan
Tennis Player
Elizabeth Ryan
  • Feb 11 J W Hearne, cricket leg-spinner (all-rounder for England in 24 Tests), (d. 1965)
  • Feb 12 Cecil Dixon, South African cricket off-spinner (1 Test for South Africa, 3-118, pair), born in Potchefstroom, Transvaal (d. 1969)
  • Feb 19 J C "Farmer" White, cricketer (Somerset slow lefty 1909-37)
  • Feb 23 Harold Horder, Australian Rugby League player (d. 1978)
  • Mar 4 Dazzy Vance, hall of fame pitcher (led NL in strike-outs 7-yrs)
  • Apr 1 Frank Rankin, Canadian Hockey Hall of Fame rover (Toronto Eatons, Toronto St. Michael's Majors) and coach (Toronto Granites-Canada Olympic gold 1924), born in Stratford, Ontario (d. 1932)
  • Apr 30 Pat O'Hara Wood, Australian tennis player (Australasian C'ship 1920, 23), born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 1961)
  • May 8 Chet "Red" Hoff, pitcher (NY Yankees 1911-15), lived to 103+
  • Jun 3 Mary Browne, American tennis player (US Nat C'ship 1912-14), born in Ventura County, California (d. 1971)
  • Jul 2 Gus Dorais, American College Football Hall of Fame quarterback (Notre Dame), coach (Gonzaga, Detroit Lions), born in Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin (d. 1954)
  • Jul 28 Ron Oxenham, cricketer (Australian all-rounder 1928-32)
  • Aug 12 John McDermott, American golfer (US Open 1911, 12), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1971)
  • Sep 26 Alfred Lane, American sharp shooter (Olympic gold 1912, 20), born in New York (d. 1965)
  • Oct 2 H. V. Porter, American basketball coach and administrator (created fan-shaped backboard; moulded basketball, rules films), born in Manito, Illinois (d. 1975)
  • Nov 5 Herb McGirr, New Zealand cricketer (played in NZ's 1st Test series), born in Wellington, New Zealand (d. 1964)
  • Nov 5 Earl Neale, American College and Pro Football Hall of Fame coach (Virginia; NFL: Philadelphia Eagles) and MLB outfielder (Cincinnati Reds), born in Parkersburg, West Virginia (d. 1973)
  • Nov 11 Rabbit Maranville, American baseball player (Boston Braves), born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1954)
  • Nov 20 Leon Cadore, American baseball pitcher (pitched all of 26 inning game), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1958)

Person of interestCy Denneny

Dec 23 Cy Denneny, Canadian Hockey Hall of Fame left wing (NHL leading scorer 1923-24), born in Farran's Point, Ontario (d. 1970)

NHL Star Cy Denneny
NHL Star
Cy Denneny
  • Dec 25 Clarrie Grimmett, cricketer (in Dunedin Great Australian leg-spinner)

Deaths in Sport

  • Jan 4 Joe Hunter, English cricket wicket-keeper (5 Tests, 11 dismissals; Yorkshire CCC), dies at 35
  • Mar 28 Dick Pilling, cricketer ("Prince of Wicketkeepers", Eng 1881-88), dies
  • Jun 23 George Parr, English cricketer (Nottinghamshire & All-England), dies at 65
  • Aug 14 Johnny Mullagh [Unaarrimin], Australian cricketer (Aboriginal tourist 1868), dies at 50
  • Aug 29 Pierre Lallement, inventor of the bicycle (b. 1843 or 1844)