The History of War

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 702

  • 0241-03-10 BC First Punic War: Battle of the Aegates Islands - The Romans sink the Carthaginian fleet bringing the First Punic War to an end

Victory in Battle

0031-09-02 BC Battle of Actium: decisive naval battle that effectively ends the Roman Republic. Octavian's forces defeat those under Mark Antony and Cleopatra off the western coast of Greece.

  • 0546-12-17 Gothic War (535-554): The Ostrogoths of King Totila conquer Rome by bribing the Byzantine garrison.
  • 0550-01-16 Gothic War (535-552): The Ostrogoths, under King Totila, conquer Rome after a long siege, by bribing the Isaurian garrison
  • 0971-01-23 War elephant corps of the Southern Han defeated at Shao by crossbow fire from Song Dynasty troops; Southern Han state forced to submit to the Song Dynasty. 1st regular war elephant corps in Chinese army
  • 1146-08-30 European leaders outlaw the crossbow, intending to end war for all time
  • 1157-10-23 The Battle of Grathe Heath ends the civil war in Denmark. King Sweyn III is killed and Valdemar I restores the country.
  • 1322-03-16 The Battle of Boroughbridge takes place in the First War of Scottish Independence
  • 1379-03-24 End of Gelderse war victory
  • 1383-10-22 The 1383-85 Crisis in Portugal: A period of civil war and disorder begins after King Fernando dies without a male heir to the Portuguese throne
  • 1390-09-11 Lithuanian Civil War (1389-1392): the Teutonic Knights begin a five-week siege of Vilnius
  • 1409-03-03 Austrian civil war ends
  • 1455-05-22 Opening battle in England's 30-year Wars of the Roses. Richard of York takes St Albans, capturing King Henry VI
  • 1466-10-19 The Thirteen Years' War ends with the Second Peace of Thorn, Germany
  • 1509-04-07 France declares war on Venice
  • 1521-04-22 French King Francois I declares war on Spain
  • 1524-07-19 Peasants' War begins in Germany's Black Forest

Historic Event

1528-01-22 England & France declare war on Emperor Charles V

  • 1529-06-09 Zurich declares war on Catholic kantons
  • 1538-06-18 Treaty of Nice: ends war between Emperor Charles V & King French I
  • 1539-06-10 Council of Trent: Paul III sends out letters to his bishops, delaying the Council due to war and the difficulty bishops had traveling to Venice.
  • 1544-07-19 Italian War of 1542: The Siege of Boulogne begins
  • 1549-08-08 Henry II of France declares war on England and orders the siege of Boulogne
  • 1557-06-07 England declares war on France

Historic Event

1567-09-29 War of Religion breaks out in France - Huguenots try to kidnap King Charles IX

  • 1570-01-23 Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland, assassinated; civil war breaks out
  • 1574-02-23 France begins 5th "holy war" against Huguenots

Declaration of War

1595-01-17 King Henry IV of France declares war on Spain

  • 1598-12-16 Seven Year War: Battle of Noryang Point - in the final battle of the war Korean navy decisively defeats the Japanese
  • 1613-01-20 Peace of Knarod ends War of Kalmar between Denmark & Sweden
  • 1614-11-12 Treaty of Xanten: Guliks-Kleefse War victory ends

Historic Event

1620-12-23 French huguenots declare war on King Louis XIII

  • 1624-03-10 England declares war on Spain
  • 1635-05-19 France's First Minister, Cardinal Richelieu declares war on Spain (Franco-Spanish War 1635–59)

Declaration of War

1635-09-18 Emperor Ferdinand II declares war on France

  • 1642-08-22 English Civil War begins between Royalists and Parliament
  • 1648-10-24 Treaty of Westphalia ends The Thirty Years' War in the Holy Roman Empire; Switzerland's independence recognized
  • 1652-07-10 England declares war on The Netherlands - beginning of the 1st Anglo-Dutch war
  • 1655-07-31 Russo-Polish War (1654-1667): the Russian army enters the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Vilnius, which it holds for six years
  • 1663-04-18 Osman declares war on Austria

Declaration of War

1665-03-04 English King Charles II declares war on Netherlands

  • 1666-01-26 France declares war on England & Munster
  • 1667-01-20 Treaty of Andrussovo ends 13 year war between Poland & Russia
  • 1668-05-02 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, 1st peace of Aachen: ends War of Devolution, French-Spanish war in The Netherlands
  • 1672-04-06 France declares war on Netherlands
  • 1675-09-09 New England colonies declare war on Wampanoag indians
  • 1676-08-12 1st war between American colonists & Indians ends in New England

Parthenon

1687-09-26 Acropolis in Athens attacked by Venetian army trying to eject Turks, damaging the Parthenon

Declaration of War

1688-11-26 French King Louis XIV declares war on Netherlands

Declaration of War

1689-05-09 English King William III declares war on France

  • 1693-07-29 War of the Grand Alliance: Battle of Landen/Neerwinden - France wins Pyrrhic victory over Allied forces in the Netherlands
  • 1697-09-03 King William's War in America ends with Treaty of Ryswick
  • 1700-02-12 The Great Northern War begins in Northern Europe between Denmark–Norway, Saxony and Russia and the Swedish Empire.
  • 1701-05-15 The War of the Spanish Succession begins
  • 1702-05-14 England & Netherlands declare war on France & Spain
  • 1702-09-16 Emperor Leopold I declares war on France, Cologne & Bavaria
  • 1704-08-04 War of Spanish Succession, English and Dutch troops occupy Gibraltar
  • 1714-09-07 Treaty of Baden signed by the Holy Roman Empire and France, ending the War of the Spanish Succession; French retain Alsace and Landau, Austria gets east bank of Rhine
  • 1715-04-15 Pocotaligo Massacre triggers the start of the Yamasee War in colonial South Carolina.
  • 1715-05-01 Prussia declares war on Sweden
  • 1718-01-09 France declares war on Spain
  • 1718-12-17 France, Britain and Austria declare war on Spain (War of the Quadruple Alliance 1718–1720)
  • 1722-07-25 The Three Years War begins along the Maine and Massachusetts border
  • 1731-04-09 British mariner Robert Jenkins' ear cut off by Spanish Guarde Costa in the Caribbean, later catalyst for war between Britain & Spain

Declaration of War

1733-10-10 France declares war on emperor Charles VI

  • 1738-03-28 Parliament sends an address to the king requesting that he demand redress from Spain (War of Jenkin's Ear)
  • 1738-05-25 A treaty between Pennsylvania and Maryland ends the Conojocular War with settlement of a boundary dispute and exchange of prisoners.
  • 1738-08-02 France offers Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI mediation in his war against Turkey
  • 1739-10-19 England declares war on Spain [OS=Oct 30]

Declaration of War

1739-10-23 War of Jenkins' Ear starts: British Prime Minister, Robert Walpole, reluctantly declares war on Spain

  • 1739-10-30 Great Britain declares war on Spain: War of Jenkins' Ear [NS=Oct 19]
  • 1741-04-10 War of the Austrian Succession: Prussia defeats Austria in the Battle of Mollwitz

Battle of Dettingen

1743-06-27 War of the Austrian Succession: Battle of Dettingen: in Bavaria, King George II of Britain personally leads troops into battle. The last time a British monarch commanded troops in the field.

  • 1744-03-15 French King Louis XV declares war on Britain
  • 1748-10-18 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle signed, ending War of Austrian Succession
  • 1756-05-17 Britain declares war on France (7 Years' or French & Indian War)
  • 1756-05-18 Great Britain declares war on France at the start of the Seven Years' War
  • 1757-01-17 German Diet declares war on Prussia
  • 1762-01-04 Seven Years' War: Great Britain declares war on Spain & Naples
  • 1764-11-16 Native Americans surrender to British in Indian War of Chief Pontiac
  • 1770-05-26 The Orlov Revolt, a first attempt to revolt against the Turks before the Greek War of Independence ends in disaster for the Greeks.
  • 1771-05-16 The Battle of Alamance, a pre-American Revolutionary War battle between local militia and a group of rebels called "The Regulators", occurs in present-day Alamance County, North Carolina.
  • 1772-06-09 1st naval attack of Revolutionary War takes place in Providence, Rhode Island

Historic Event

1773-09-11 Benjamin Franklin writes "There never was a good war or bad peace"

Historic Event

1775-09-25 American Revolutionary War hero Ethan Allen captured

  • 1776-03-04 American War of Independence: The Americans capture Dorchester Heights dominating the port of Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1776-12-23 Continental Congress negotiates a war loan of $181,500 from France
  • 1777-08-28 American Revolutionary War - Battle of Cooch's Bridge takes place near Newark, Delaware.
  • 1777-09-03 Flag of the United States flown in battle for the 1st time at Cooch's Bridge, Delaware, a skirmish during American Revolutionary War
  • 1778-02-06 Britain declares war on France
  • 1778-07-03 Prussia declares war on Austria

Declaration of War

1778-07-10 American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain

  • 1779-05-13 War of Bavarian Succession ends
  • 1779-06-16 Spain declares war on Great Britain in support of France and the USA, starting the Great Siege of Gibraltar which goes on to last 3 years, 7 months and 2 weeks

Historic Event

1779-09-27 John Adams negotiates Revolutionary War peace terms with Great Britain

Surrender at Yorktown

1781-10-19 British forces under General Charles Cornwallis sign terms of surrender to George Washington and Comte de Rochambeau at Yorktown at 2 pm, ending the US Revolutionary War


Famous Birthdays

  • 1591-01-11 Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, English Civil War general (d. 1646)
  • 1619-12-17 Prince Rupert of the Rhine, German soldier, Commander in the English Civil War and first Governor of the Hudson's Bay Company, born in Prague (d. 1682)
  • 1718-01-07 Israel Putnam, American Revolutionary War general (d. 1790)

Ethan Allen

1738-01-10 Ethan Allen, American Revolutionary War patriot (lead the Green Mountain Boys), born in Litchfield, Connecticut (d. 1789)

Nathanael Greene

1742-08-07 Nathanael Greene, American Military Leader (major general during the American Revolutionary War), born in Potowomut, Rhode Island (d. 1786)

  • 1744-09-20 Thomas Grosvenor, American Revolutionary War hero (d. 1825)
  • 1745-03-10 John Gunby, Maryland Soldier in the American Revolutionary War (d. 1807)

Casimir Pulaski

1747-03-06 Casimir Pulaski, Polish Military Leader, known as "the father of American cavalry', born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1779) [some source give date as March 4]

  • 1750-01-31 Gerrit J Pijman, Dutch minister of War (1798-1800, 1803-06)
  • 1750-05-02 John André, British Army officer of the American Revolutionary War, born in London (d. 1780)
  • 1750-05-20 Stephen Girard, bailed out US bonds during War of 1812
  • 1755-11-12 Gerhard von Scharnhorst, Prussia military official, minister of War (1807-10)
  • 1758-04-29 Georg Carl von Döbeln, Swedish Lieutenant General and war hero, born in Stora Torpa, Västergötland, Sweden (d. 1820)
  • 1761-10-13 Dirk van Hogendorp, Dutch minister of War, born in Heenvliet, Netherlands (d. 1822)
  • 1763-01-03 Joseph Fesch, French cardinal/war commission/earl/senator

Laura Secord

1775-09-13 Laura Secord, Canadian war heroine, born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts Bay (d. 1868)

  • 1779-01-05 Stephen Decatur, American naval hero (War of 1812), born in Sinepuxent, Maryland (d. 1820)
  • 1781-10-01 James Lawrence, American naval hero (War of 1812-"Don't give up the ship!"), born in Burlington, New Jersey (d. 1813)
  • 1786-05-15 General Dimitris Plapoutas, a Revolutionary in the Greek War of Independence (d. 1864)
  • 1795-04-05 Henry Havelock, British soldier (War in Afghanistan 1838-39), born in Bishopwearmouth, County Durham (d. 1857)
  • 1799-03-08 Simon Cameron, U.S. Senator and Secretary of War (Union), born in Maytown, Pennsylvania (d. 1889)
  • 1806-06-01 John B Floyd, American Governor (Virginia), Secretary of War (1857-60) and Confederate general, born in Blacksburg, Virginia (d. 1863)
  • 1809-11-09 Albert Taylor Bledsoe, American Episcopal priest and Confederate Army officer, born in Frankfurt, Kentucky (d. 1877)
  • 1809-11-13 John A. Dahlgren, US Navy officer and inventor (Civil war Dahlgren-cannon), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1870)
  • 1811-02-08 Edwin Denison Morgan, American politician, Governor of New York, born in Washington, Massachusetts (d. 1883)
  • 1811-06-24 John Archibald Campbell, American jurist and Supreme Court justice (1853–61), born in Washington, Georgia (d. 1889)

Edwin Stanton

1814-12-19 Edwin Stanton, US Secretary of War during most of the American Civil War (1861-65) and US Attorney General (1860-61), born in Steubenville, Ohio (d. 1869)

  • 1815-07-13 James Alexander Seddon, politician and lawyer (Confederate Secretary of War, 1862-65), born in Falmouth, Virginia (d. 1880)
  • 1815-08-29 Anna Ella Carroll, American politician and civil war writer (Reconstruction), born in Pocomoke City, Maryland (d. 1894)
  • 1817-02-07 LeRoy Pope Walker, American lawyer and 1st Confederate States Secretary of War (1861), born in Huntsville, Alabama (d. 1884)
  • 1818-02-23 Jeremy F Gilmer, Maj Gen/Chief Engineer Confederate War Dept
  • 1818-03-10 George Wythe Randolph, American Secretary of War for the Confederacy, born in Charlottesville, Virginia (d. 1867)
  • 1821-08-30 Anita Garibaldi, Brazilian warrior; Garibaldi's wife (War of Tatters), born in Laguna, Santa Catarina, Brazil (d. 1849)
  • 1821-11-30 Gustavus Woodson Smith, American Major General (Confederate States Army), born in Georgetown, Kentucky (d. 1896)
  • 1823-12-28 Thomas Alexander Scott, American businessman and Assistant Secretary of War (Civil War), born in Peters Township, Pennsylvania (d. 1881)
  • 1826-04-08 Pancha Carrasco, Costa Rican war heroine (Costa Rica's first woman in the military), born in Cartago, Costa Rica (d. 1890)
  • 1826-04-26 Ambrose R. Wright, American Civil War General, born in Louisville, Georgia (d. 1872)
  • 1830-01-23 Gaston, Marquis de Galliffet, French general & Minister of War (1899-1900), born in Paris, France (d. 1909)
  • 1831-06-26 Julius Rodenberg [Levy], German writer (Kriegs-Songs of War & Peace), born in Rodenberg, Germany (d. 1914)
  • 1837-06-17 Strong Vincent, American army officer (died famously at Little Round Top during the Battle of Gettysburg), born in Waterford, Pennsylvania (d. 1863)
  • 1840-02-29 William Harvey Carney, American Civil War soldier (first African-American to be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor), born in Norfolk, Virginia (d. 1908)
  • 1841-01-30 Alfred Townsend George, American Civil War journalist, born in Georgetown, Delaware (d. 1914)
  • 1842-11-14 Walter Williams, claimed to be last survivor of Civil War (d. 1959)
  • 1843-10-26 Vasily Vereshchagin, Russian painter (War & Peace), born in Cherepovets, Russia (d. 1904)
  • 1843-12-23 Richard Conner, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (d. 1924)
  • 1844-06-01 John J. Toffey, American Civil War hero (d. 1911)
  • 1846-02-14 Julian Scott, American artist and Civil War Medal of Honor recipient, born in Johnson, Vermont (d. 1901)
  • 1848-02-05 Ignacio Carrera Pinto, Chilean war hero (d. 1882)
  • 1849-03-19 Alfred von Tirpitz, German architect of the Imperial Navy (Tirpitz Plan, Unrestricted U-boat Warfare) and World War I Grand Admiral, born in Küstrin, Province of Brandenburg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1930)

Frank Kellogg

1856-12-22 Frank Kellogg, American politician and diplomat (US Secretary of State, 1925-29), tried to outlaw war (Kellogg–Briand Pact: Nobel Peace Prize, 1929), born in Potsdam, New York (d. 1937)

  • 1861-12-05 Armando Diaz, Italian marshal and minister of War (1922-24), born in Naples, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1928)
  • 1864-04-24 George August Alexander Alting von Geusau, Dutch Minister of War (1918-20), born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1937)
  • 1864-11-28 Lindley M. Garrison, American lawyer and 46th U.S. Secretary of War (1913-16), born in Camden, New Jersey (d. 1932)
  • 1867-09-21 Henry L. Stimson, American statesman (46th United States Secretary of State), born in NYC, New York (d. 1950)
  • 1877-05-26 Sadao Araki, Japanese general, Minister of War (1931-34), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1966)
  • 1883-01-08 Patrick J. Hurley, United States Secretary of War (d. 1963)
  • 1885-03-14 Gervais Raoul Lufbery, French-American World War I fighter pilot and flying ace, born in Chamalières, France (d. 1918)
  • 1888-05-11 Willis Augustus Lee, American World War II admiral (Guadalcanal) and sport shooter (5 Olympic golds 1920), born in Natlee, Kentucky (d. 1945)
  • 1890-11-25 Isaac Rosenberg, English war poet (Poems from the Trenches) and artist, born in Bristol, England (d. 1918)
  • 1891-05-19 Oswald Boelcke, German World War I pilot (d. 1916)
  • 1891-12-12 Buck Jones [Charles F Gebhart], American Western actor (Just Pals, Forbidden Trails, War Horse), born in Vincennes, Indiana (d. 1942)
  • 1892-04-15 Theo Osterkamp, World War I and World War II German fighter pilot, born in Düren, Rhine Province, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1975)
  • 1892-07-22 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian chancellor (1930s)/war criminal
  • 1892-12-27 Alfred Edwin McKay, Canadian Royal Flying Corps WWI flying ace, born in Brussels, Ontario (d. 1917)
  • 1893-01-10 Albert Jacka, Australian soldier, first Australian World War I Victoria Cross winner (d. 1932)

Wilfred Owen

1893-03-18 Wilfred Owen, English soldier and anti-war poet (Anthem for Doomed Youth, Futility), born in Oswestry, Shropshire, England (d. 1918)

  • 1893-04-27 Draža Mihailović, Serbian WWII hero and war criminal, born in Ivanjica, Serbia (d. 1946)
  • 1894-02-08 King Vidor, American film director (War & Peace, Stella Dallas), born in Galveston, Texas (d. 1982)
  • 1894-02-25 Ernst Friedrich, Breslau Germany, pacifist (War Against War!)
  • 1895-03-31 John Jay McCloy, US lawyer and banker (Secretary of War 1941-45, chairman of Chase Manhattan Bank)
  • 1896-05-03 Karl Allmenröder, German World War I flying Ace, born in Wald, Rhine Province, Germany (d. 1917)
  • 1896-06-06 Henry Allingham, British supercentenarian and World War I veteran, born in Clapton, London (d. 2009)
  • 1896-06-07 Douglas Campbell, American aviator and World War I flying ace, born in San Francisco, California (d. 1990)
  • 1897-04-07 Erich Loewenhardt, German flying ace of World War I, born in Province of Silesia, Poland (d. 1918)
  • 1897-04-13 Werner Voss, German World War I flying ace, born in Krefeld, Germany (d. 1917)
  • 1897-05-19 Frank Luke, American World War I pilot (d. 1918)
  • 1898-05-13 Justin Tuveri, Italian veteran of the First World War (d. 2007)

Pieter Menten

1899-05-26 Pieter Menten, Dutch war criminal, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1987)

  • 1899-11-29 Andrija Artuković, Croatian war criminal (d. 1988)
  • 1900-01-28 Michael Dewar Head, composer

Hans Frank

1900-05-23 Hans Frank, German Nazi war criminal (occupied Poland) who was executed at Nuremberg, born in Karlsruhe, Baden, German Empire (d. 1946)

  • 1900-06-14 June Walker, American stage actress (War Nurse, Unforgiven), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1966)
  • 1900-09-23 Bill Stone, British serviceman; one of the last surviving veterans of World War I
  • 1901-12-10 Franz Fischer, German Gestapo official and war criminal (one of the Breda 4)
  • 1902-09-22 F R Boschvogel [Frans Ramon], Flemish writer (War of Worlds), born in Aartrijk, Belgium (d. 1994)
  • 1903-12-13 John Piper, British writer (US Churches in WWI) and official war painter, born in Epsom, Surrey, England (d. 1992)
  • 1904-01-08 Karl Brandt, Alsacian Nazi war criminal (d. 1948)
  • 1905-07-13 Alfredo M. Santos, First Four-star General of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, World War II hero (d. 1990)
  • 1905-11-04 Martin Raschke, German author and publisher, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1943)
  • 1907-04-16 August Eigruber, Austrian war criminal, born in Steyr, Austria (d. 1947)
  • 1908-01-16 Günther Prien, German World War II submarine captain (d. 1941)
  • 1908-02-22 Sir John Mills, British actor (Ryan's Daughter, Big Sleep, King Rat, War & Peace), born in North Elmham, Norfolk, England (d. 2005)

Enver Hoxha

1908-10-16 Enver Hoxha, Albanian post-war communist leader and dictator of Albania (1944-85), born in Gjirokastër, Albania (d. 1985)

  • 1911-03-16 Dr. Josef Mengele, German, accused Nazi war criminal (d. 1979)
  • 1912-08-30 Nancy Wake, New Zealand-born World War II secret agent (Special Operations Executive), born in Wellington, New Zealand (d. 2011)
  • 1912-09-18 Kurt Lotz, German business executive and second postwar CEO of Volkswagen, born in Frielendorf, Hesse, Germany (d. 2005)
  • 1912-10-05 Fritz Fischer, German physician and Nazi war criminal, born in Berlin (d. 2003)
  • 1913-04-16 Lester "Les" Tremayne, British radio, film and television actor (Angry Red Planet, War of the Worlds), born in London, England (d. 2003)
  • 1913-07-29 Erich Priebke, German Nazi war criminal (Ardeatine massacre), born in Hennigsdorf, Prussia (d. 2013)
  • 1913-11-28 Hugo Pos, Surinamese-Dutch poet and writer, born in Paramaribo, Suriname (d. 2000)

Famous Deaths

  • 1675-11-28 Basil Feilding, 2nd Earl of Denbigh, English Civil War soldier (c. 1608)
  • 1682-11-29 Prince Rupert of the Rhine, German soldier, Commander in the English Civil War and first Governor of the Hudson's Bay Company, dies at 62
  • 1777-01-12 Hugh Mercer, Scottish military officer (fought in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War), dies of his wounds at the Battle of Princeton at 50
  • 1779-01-22 Claudius Smith, American Revolutionary War loyalist (b. 1736)
  • 1790-05-29 Israel Putnam, American Revolutionary War general (b. 1718)

Benedict Arnold

1801-06-14 Benedict Arnold, American general and turncoat (American Revolutionary War), dies of delirium in London at 60

  • 1802-02-26 Esek Hopkins, American Revolutionary War admiral and Commander in Chief of the Continental Navy, dies at 83
  • 1807-05-17 John Gunby, Maryland Soldier in the American Revolutionary War (b. 1745)
  • 1813-06-28 Gerhard JD von Scharnhorst, Prus min of War (1807-10), dies in battle
  • 1818-05-26 Michael A Barclay de Tolly, Russian fieldmarshal/War Minister, dies
  • 1820-02-16 Georg Carl von Döbeln, Swedish Lieutenant General and war hero, dies at 61
  • 1825-06-05 Odysseas Androutsos, hero in the Greek War of Independence (Chani of Gravia,), executed for supposedly collaborating with the Ottomans at 37
  • 1825-07-11 Thomas P. Grosvenor, American Revolutionary War soldier (b. 1744)
  • 1829-03-02 Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez, conspirator and supporter of the Mexican War of Independence (b. 1768)
  • 1833-09-28 Lemuel Haynes, American clergyman (1st black man ordained as a minister in the US) and Revolutionary War veteran, dies at 88
  • 1835-06-24 Andreas Vokos Miaoulis, Greek admiral and politician, commander of Greek naval forces in Greek War of Independence (b. 1769)
  • 1839-05-13 Joseph Fesch, French cardinal, diplomat and senator (Uncle of Napoleon), dies at 76
  • 1839-06-09 Gerrit J. Pijman, Dutch minister of War (1798-1800), dies at 89
  • 1852-05-12 John Richardson, Canadian writer (War of 1812), dies at 55
  • 1862-09-01 Oliver Tilden, of the Bronx, killed in Civil War in Virginia
  • 1863-08-26 John Bz. Floyd, American Governor (Virginia), Secretary of War (1857-60) and Confederate general, dies of failing health at 57
  • 1864-10-26 William T. Anderson [Bloody Bill], American Civil War Pro-Confederate rebel guerrilla leader (Lawrence Massacre, Centralia Massacre), killed in battle by union troops at 23 or 24

Laura Secord

1868-10-17 Laura Secord, Canadian heroine of the war of 1812, dies at 93

Edwin Stanton

1869-12-24 Edwin Stanton, US Secretary of War during most of the American Civil War (1861-65) and US Attorney General (1860-61), dies at 55

  • 1870-02-14 St. John Richardson Liddell, American Civil War Confederate General, dies at 54

Crazy Horse

1877-09-05 Crazy Horse [Tashunka Witko], last great Sioux war chief, dies at 37

  • 1882-07-09 Ignacio Carrera Pinto, Chilean war hero (b. 1848)
  • 1890-12-31 Pancha Carrasco, Costa Rican war heroine (Costa Rica's first woman in the military), dies at 74
  • 1898-03-11 William Rosecrans, American Civil War Union general (b. 1819)
  • 1901-09-25 Arthur Fremantle, British general and American Civil War observer (b. 1835)
  • 1906-03-04 John McAllister Schofield, former U.S. Secretary of War and Commanding General of the U.S. Army (b. 1831)
  • 1909-07-08 Gaston, Marquis de Gallifet, French general and Minister of War (1899-1900), dies at 79
  • 1911-03-13 John J. Toffey, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (b. 1844)
  • 1914-02-24 Joshua Chamberlain, Civil War hero for the Union on Little Round Top at the Battle of Gettysburg
  • 1915-05-19 John Simpson Kirkpatrick stretcher bearer with the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps at Gallipoli during World War I (b. 1892)
  • 1915-09-13 Andrew L. Harris, American Civil War hero and Governor of Ohio (b. 1835)

Grenville M. Dodge

1916-01-03 Grenville M. Dodge, American railroad engineer (Transcontinental Railroad-Union Pacific) and Major General (Union Army), dies at 84

  • 1916-07-04 Alan Seeger, American war poet (b. 1888)
  • 1917-09-23 Werner Voss, German World War I flying ace, dies at 20
  • 1917-12-28 Alfred Edwin McKay, Canadian Royal Flying Corps WWI flying ace, shot down and killed over Belgium at 25
  • 1918-03-20 Lewis A. Grant, American Civil War General (b. 1828)
  • 1918-05-19 Gervais Raoul Lufbery, French-American World War I fighter pilot and flying ace, dies at 33
  • 1918-08-10 Erich Lowenhardt, Germany flying ace of World War I (b. 1897)
  • 1924-11-04 Richard Conner, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (b. 1843)
  • 1926-03-16 Sergeant Stubby, decorated World War I dog
  • 1928-02-29 Armando Diaz, Italian marshal and minister of War (1922-24), dies at 66
  • 1930-12-11 Friedrich von Bernhardi, German general and military historian (Germany & the Next War), dies at 80
  • 1937-10-09 George August Alexander Alting von Geusau, Dutch Minister of war (1918-20), dies at 73
  • 1941-12-12 Cesar Basa, Philippine Air Force and World War II hero (b. 1915)
  • 1942-09-05 François de Labouchère, French aviator of World War II, compagnon de la Libération. (b. 1917)
  • 1942-09-15 Jack Singer, American war reporter, dies aboard USS Wasp
  • 1943-11-24 Martin Raschke, German author and publisher dies at 38
  • 1944-04-09 Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine (b. 1920)
  • 1945-01-31 Eddie Slovik, 1st US executed for desertion since Civil War at 25
  • 1945-08-15 Korechika Anami, Japanese War Minister (who opposed surrender in WWII), commits suicide a day after signing Japan's surrender at 58
  • 1946-02-21 José Streel, Belgian World War II collaborator (b. 1911)
  • 1946-10-16 Alfred Rosenberg, German war criminal, hanged
  • 1946-10-16 Fritz Sauckel, German Nazi General of Labor, hanged at 51

ExecutionHans Frank

1946-10-16 Hans Frank, German Nazi Governor General of Occupied Poland, hanged by Allied forces after the Nuremberg war trials at 46

  • 1946-10-16 Wilhelm Frick, German war criminal, hanged
  • 1947-05-02 Dorothea Binz, German Nazi war criminal (Ravensbrück concentration camp), executed by hanging for her crimes at 27
  • 1947-05-28 August Eigruber, Austrian war criminal, dies at 40
  • 1947-05-30 Georg von Trapp, Austrian WWI submarine commander and inspiration for "The Sound of Music" character, dies at 67
  • 1951-06-07 Bobel, Braune, Naumann, Ohlendorf, Pohl, Schallenmair & Otto Schmidt, Nazi war criminals, hanged
  • 1955-01-24 Ira Hayes, American World War II hero (b. 1923)
  • 1959-03-16 John B. Salling, reputed second to last Civil War veteran, dies at 111 [birth date, age and military service later disputed]

ExecutionAdolf Eichmann

1962-06-01 Adolf Eichmann, German Nazi officer (SS-Obersturmbannführer, Holocaust organizer), hanged in Israel at 56

  • 1963-05-13 Alois Hudal, Austrian bishop who helped Nazi war criminals escape trial, dies at 77
  • 1966-02-03 June Walker, actress (War Nurses), dies at 65
  • 1966-11-02 Sadao Araki, Japanese general, Minister of War (1931-34), dies at 89
  • 1967-08-26 Dilawar Hussain, Indian cricketer (Indian wicketkeeper in the 1930's), dies at 60
  • 1967-09-01 Ilse Koch, Nazi war criminal (commonly known as "The Bitch of Buchenwald") hangs herself in prison at 60
  • 1973-05-21 Carlo E. Gadda, Italian engineer and writer (War Diary), dies at 79
  • 1974-11-23 Cornelius Ryan, Irish war reporter and historian (Bridge too Far), dies at 54
  • 1976-08-24 Michael Dewar Head, British organist, pianist, and composer, dies at 76
  • 1976-12-24 Victor Stanitsin, actor (War & Peace, Jubilee), dies at 79
  • 1978-01-22 Oliver Leese, British World War II general, dies at 83
  • 1980-02-14 Luitkonwar Rudra Baruah, Assamese composer and actor

AssassinationAnwar Sadat

1981-10-06 Anwar Sadat, 3rd President of Egypt (1970-81, Nobel 1978), assassinated by fundamentalist army officers at 62

  • 1982-09-05 Douglas Bader, RAF fighter pilot in World War II (b. 1910)
  • 1982-11-01 King Vidor, American film director (War & Peace, Stella Dallas), dies of a heart ailment at 88
  • 1988-01-16 Andrija Artuković, Croatian war criminal (b. 1899)
  • 1988-07-13 Samuel L Mendel, oldest US war veteran, dies at 104
  • 1989-03-11 John J. McCloy, United States Secretary of War (b. 1895)
  • 1989-09-21 F Fischer, German war criminal (4, Two of Breda), dies
  • 1989-11-25 Alva R. Fitch, American World War II and Korean soldier (b. 1907)
  • 1990-02-07 Alfredo M. Santos, First Four-star General of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, World War II hero (b. 1905)
  • 1992-02-16 George Mann MacBeth, Scottish journalist/poet (A War Quartet), dies
  • 1993-03-24 Peter Roovers, Dutch sculptor/teacher (war monuments), dies at 90
  • 1994-02-04 Harold Schneider, US producer (5 Easy Pieces, War Games), dies at 55
  • 1994-04-01 Stuart Sloan, war hero/test pilot, dies at 72
  • 1994-04-07 Evert Hartman, Dutch writer (War Without Friends), dies at 56
  • 1994-11-28 Jerry Rubin, US anti-war activist (Youth Party) and businessman, dies at 56
  • 1996-04-22 Hiteswar Saikia, Indian politician & Chief Minister of Assam (1983-85, 1991-96), dies at 61
  • 1996-05-17 Rusi Modi, Indian cricketer (736 runs 10 post-war Tests for India), dies at 71