The Cold War

Historical Events

  • 1946-03-28 Cold War: The United States State Department releases the Acheson-Lilienthal Report, outlining a plan for the international control of nuclear power.
  • 1948-10-24 Bernard M Baruch introduces term "Cold War"
  • 1954-09-03 Espionage & Sabotage Act of 1954 signed in the US, prompted by the cold war
  • 1957-11-07 Cold War: The Gaither Report calls for more American missiles and fallout shelters.

Battle of InterestCuban Missile Crisis

1962-10-16 Cuban Missile Crisis begins as JFK is shown photos confirming the presence of Soviet missiles in Cuba
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Reconnaissance photo of Soviet missiles in Cuba shown to John F. Kennedy on October 16, 1962
Reconnaissance photo of Soviet missiles in Cuba shown to John F. Kennedy on October 16, 1962

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962-10-22 Cuban Missile Crisis: US President John F. Kennedy addresses TV about Russian missile bases in Cuba and imposes a naval blockade on Cuba, beginning the missile crisis

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1962-10-24 Cuban Missile Crisis: Soviet ships approach but stop short of the US blockade of Cuba

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962-10-25 US Ambassador to the UN Adlai Stevenson demands USSR UN rep Zorin answer regarding Cuban missile bases saying "I am prepared to wait for my answer until hell freezes over"

US Governor and Presidential Candidate Adlai Stevenson II
US Governor and Presidential Candidate
Adlai Stevenson II

The Man Who Saved The WorldThe Man Who Saved The World

1962-10-27 Black Saturday during the Cuban Missile Crisis: An American spy plane is shot down over Cuba and the navy drops warning depth charges on Soviet submarines
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Trial of strength: How a cartoonist saw the confrontation between Kruschev and Kennedy
Trial of strength: How a cartoonist saw the confrontation between Kruschev and Kennedy

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1962-10-28 Cuban Missile Crisis: US President JFK receives letter from Soviet Leaderr Khrushchev suggesting agreement

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1975-12-28 In the aftermath of the Cold War, the New York Rangers become first team in NHL history to face a touring Soviet hockey squad; Soviet Army beats the Rangers, 7-3 at Madison Square Garden
  • 1981-11-30 Cold War: In Geneva, representatives from the United States and the Soviet Union begin to negotiate intermediate-range nuclear weapon reductions in Europe (the meetings ended inconclusively on December 17)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989-12-03 Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev and US President George H. W. Bush, declare the Cold War over

Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet General Secretary
Mikhail Gorbachev
41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush
  • 2014-11-08 Mikhail Gorbachev warns that tensions between America and Russia over Ukraine have put the world on the brink of a new Cold War

Famous Birthdays

  • 1870-08-19 Bernard Baruch, American financier and presidential adviser (Cold War), born in Camden, South Carolina (d. 1965)
  • 1882-01-05 Herbert Bayard Swope, U.S. journalist who coined the term "Cold War", born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1958)
  • 1916-07-19 James D. Ramage, American Naval Aviator in World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War and the Cold War, born in Waterloo, Iowa (d. 2012)
  • 1930-06-13 Ryszard Kukliński, Polish colonel and Cold War spy for NATO, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2004)
  • 1934-04-01 Vladimir Posner, Russian-French-American journalist who represented and explained the views of the Soviet Union during the Cold War, born in Paris
  • 1972-06-29 Samantha Smith, American peace activist and actress (invited to the Soviet Union during Cold War), born in Houlton, Maine (d. 1985)

Famous Deaths

  • 1965-06-20 Bernard Baruch, American financier and presidential adviser (Cold War), dies at 94
  • 1965-06-21 Bernard M Baruch, pres advisor (termed "Cold War"), dies at 94
  • 1985-08-25 Samantha Smith, American peace activist and actress (invited to the Soviet Union during Cold War), dies in plane at 13
  • 2004-02-11 Ryszard Kukliński, Polish colonel and Cold War spy for NATO, dies at 73
  • 2005-03-17 George F. Kennan, American Cold War strategist and historian (b. 1904)
  • 2012-07-21 James D. Ramage, American Naval Aviator in World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War and the Cold War, dies at 96